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Kisantini Murugesu, Vikneswaran Murugaiyah, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Amirin Sadikun
BACKGROUND: Ethanolic extract of G. procumbens leaves has been previously shown to pos-sess antihyperlipidemic effects. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to prepare caffeoylquinic acids rich and poor fractions of the ethanol-ic extract using resin column technology and compare their antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant potentials. RESULTS: Among the treatment groups, caffeoylquinic acids rich fraction (F2) and chlorogenic acid (CA, one of the major caffeoylquinic acids) showed potent antihyperlipidemic effects, with significant reduc-tions in total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), very low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (VLDL-C), atherogenic index (AI) and coronary risk index (CRI) (p<0...
March 21, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Eric K Ofori, Freda D Intiful, Matilda Asante, George A Asare, Patrick K Adjei, Rebecca K Steele-Dadzie, Anna Amoako-Mensah, Daniel Mensah, Seth K Angmorterh
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are listed as one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity by the World Health Organization. The World Heart Federation lists overweight/obesity, blood lipid profile, and blood pressure as some of the modifiable risk factors to developing CVDs. This study sought to determine the prevalence of some of these modifiable risk factors among University of Ghana students. One hundred and twenty students were sampled for the study. Lipid profile parameters such as high-density lipoprotein (HDL), total cholesterol (TC), and total triglycerides (TG) were measured using the Vitros 5-IFS chemistry analyzer (NY, USA)...
March 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Aloui Khouloud, Salma Abedelmalek, Hamdi Chtourou, Nizar Souissi
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a flavonoid-rich fresh fruit juice on cardiovascular, oxidative stress, and biochemical parameters during the yo-yo intermittent recovery test (YYIRT). Twenty-two healthy males subjects participated in this study divided into two groups: An experimental group (EG: n  = 11) who consumed the antioxidant supplement and a control group (CG: n  = 11). All participants performed two test sessions at 07:00 hr before and after 2 weeks of supplementation with Opuntia ficus-indica juice...
March 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Guo-Ming Zhang, Shu-Mei Bai, Gao-Ming Zhang, Xiao-Bo Ma, Hemant Goyal
BACKGROUND We aimed to predict the abnormal LDL level by using TG, TC, HDL, and non-HDL in this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS Triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) data were obtained from the Laboratory Information System (LIS) for 4 years (Oct 1, 2013 to Sept 30, 2017) from among 34 270 healthy Chinese patients at Shuyang People's Hospital. TG, TC, HDL, and LDL (direct clearance method) were measured using a TBA2000FR biochemical analyzer...
March 22, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Richard Mbundu Ilunga, Céline Helbling, Lucie Favre, Tinh-Hai Collet
Obesity is associated with elevated levels of triglycerides, sometimes LDL-cholesterol, and lower levels of HDL-cholesterol. Management should first focus on dietary advices and increased physical activity, while lipid-lowering drugs are indicated only in patients at intermediate or high cardiovascular risk. We summarize nutritional recommendations from scientific societies: although they do not always overlap, they agree on lowering consumption of dietary fat (20-35 % of total energy intake) and favoring non-saturated fatty acids...
March 21, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Javad Heshmati, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Nazli Namazi, Fatemeh Shokri, Mahsa Yavari, Siavash Fazelian, Masoud Khorshidi, Farzad Shidfar
Dyslipidemia is the main risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease. There are discrepancies in the effects of calcium supplementation on modulation of lipid status. Therefore, we aimed to summarize the effects of dietary calcium supplement on circulating lipoprotein concentrations and atherogenic indices in overweight and obese individuals. We conducted a systematic literature search from 2000 until July 2016. PubMed, Scopus, Cochran Library, and ISI Web of Science databases were searched for clinical trials written in English...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Karen E Elkind-Hirsch, Martha S Paterson, Donna Shaler, Hanh C Gutowski
OBJECTIVE: Our pilot study examined the effectiveness of sitagliptin-metformin (SITA-MET), metformin (MET), and placebo (P) therapy on fasting and post-glucose challenge glucose levels in postpartum women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and impaired glucose regulation. METHODS: Prediabetic women (N = 36, age 18 to 42 years) with recent GDM were randomized to P (one pill twice a day), MET (1,000 mg twice a day), or SITA-MET (50 mg SITA, 1,000 mg MET twice a day) for 16 weeks in a single-blind fashion...
March 21, 2018: Endocrine Practice
V N Shishkova, T V Adasheva, A Yu Remenik, V N Valyaeva, V M Shklovsky
AIM: To study the relationship between clinical-anthropometric, biochemical, metabolic, vascular-inflammatory, molecular-genetic parameters and the development of the first ischemic stroke, and to develop a prognostic model for determining the probability of its occurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 196 first ischemic stroke patients and 119 healthy people matched for age, place of residence and nationality to the group of patients. The main anthropometric, clinical, biochemical, metabolic parameters and markers of vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction were assessed...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Romeo Papazyan, Xueqing Liu, Jingwen Liu, Bin Dong, Emily M Plummer, Ronald D Lewis, Jonathan D Roth, Mark A Young
Obeticholic acid (OCA) is a selective farnesoid X receptor (FXR) agonist that regulates bile acid and lipid metabolism. FXR activation induces distinct changes in circulating cholesterol among animal models and humans. The mechanistic basis of these effects has been elusive because of difficulties in studying lipoprotein homeostasis in mice, which predominantly package circulating cholesterol in high-density lipoproteins. Here, we tested the effects of OCA in chimeric mice whose livers are mostly composed (≥80%) of human hepatocytes...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
Hossein Babaei, Fahimeh Forouzandeh, Leila Maghsoumi-Norouzabad, Hojat Allah Yousefimanesh, Maryam Ravanbakhsh, Ahmad Zare Javid
AIM: The aim of present study was to evaluate the effects of chicory leaf extract on serum oxidative stress markers, lipid profile, and periodontal status in patients with chronic periodontitis. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial 40 patients with chronic periodontitis were allocated to intervention and control groups. The intervention group received a 1-gram chicory leaf methanolic extract capsule twice daily for 8 weeks. In the control group, participants received a placebo capsule (containing 1 gram wheat flour) twice daily for 8 weeks...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Ozlem Kurnaz-Gomleksiz, Ozlem Kucukhuseyin, Elif Ozkok, Zehra Bugra, Oguz Ozturk, Hulya Yilmaz-Aydogan
BACKGROUND: The OLR1 gene has been identified as a candidate gene for coronary artery disease (CAD). Six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the OLR1 gene located within intron 4 (IVS4-27G>C, IVS4-73C>T, IVS4-14A>G), intron 5 (IVS5-70A>G, IVS5-27G>T) and 3'UTR (188C>T) comprise a linkage disequilibrium (LD) block, which is strongly associated with the elevated risk of CAD. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effects of the OLR1 IVS4-14A>G and -73C>T SNPs on metabolic parameters in Turkish CAD patients, and the linkage between these 2 genetic variants...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Zbyszko Chowaniec, Anna Skoczyńska
Cardiovascular diseases are still the main cause of death in Poland and throughout the world. Independent risk factors of cardiovascular disease, in addition to elevated LDL cholesterol, are both low HDL levels and high levels of non-HDL cholesterol. Plasma phospholipid-transfer protein (PLTP) and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) both play a major role in the metabolism of those lipoproteins. A lack of these proteins increases HDL and lowers LDL levels. In the light of current knowledge, it seems reasonable to search for compounds that may decrease the activity of CETP, and thus reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease...
March 16, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Junjun Zhang, Haoyuan Shen, Mengjun Wang, Sheng Nie, Xizheng Wu, Yi Huang, Xiang Gao
C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) may play an important role in the development of intracranial aneurysm (IA). The goal of this study was to explore the association between CXCL12 rs1746048 genotypes and circulating lipid concentrations along with the risk of IA. A total of 256 IA patients and 361 healthy volunteers were included in the case-control study. The genotypes of CXCL12 rs1746048 were detected by Melting Temperature shift (Tm-shift) polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Significant higher levels were seen in TC (padjusted < 0...
March 19, 2018: Current Neurovascular Research
Alexander N Orekhov, Igor A Sobenin
Atherosclerotic diseases are the leading cause of mortality in industrialized countries. Correspondingly, studying the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and developing new methods of its diagnostic and treatment remain in the focus of current medicine and health care. This review aims to discuss the mechanistic role of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in atherogenesis. In particular, the generally accepted hypothesis about the key role of oxidized LDL in atherogenesis is questioned, and an alternative concept of multiple modification of LDL is presented...
March 20, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Seyed Hamid Borsi, Homeira Rashidi, Maryam Shaabanpour, Hanieh Raji
Asthma is an inflammatory disease, which causes airflow limitation and increase insulin resistance. The present study was carried out in order to investigate insulin resistance and the effect of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) on insulin sensitivity in asthmatic patients. A registered (IRCT201605247411N2) interventional, quasi-experimental trial was performed from 2014 to 2015 in Imam Khomeini hospital Ahvaz, Iran. Patients with mild to moderate asthma participated in this study. Spirometry, fasting blood sugar (FBS), blood sugar 2 hour post prandial (BS2HPP), HbA1C, low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), Insulin Level, and C reactive protein (CRP) were measured...
February 19, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
George Awuku Asare, Sabina Ekua Andam, Henry Asare-Anane, Seth Ammanquah, Yvonne Anang-Quartey, Daniel K Afriyie, Iddis Musah
Background: Oxidative stress and antioxidants have been implicated in many diseases including prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Lipid peroxidation contributes to oxidative stress. However, new and emerging antioxidants such as paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and arylesterase (ARE) associated with lipoprotein peroxidation have not been examined in BPH patients. PON1 and ARE, a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol-bound enzyme system of antioxidants, protect low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and HDL from oxidation by hydrolysis...
March 2018: Prostate International
Agnete Malm Gulati, Øyvind Salvesen, Ruth Stoklund Thomsen, Arthur Kavanaugh, Anne Grete Semb, Silvia Rollefstad, Glenn Haugeberg, Mari Hoff
Objectives: The aim of this population-based study was to compare changes in cardiovascular (CV) risk factors over a decade-long period in patients who developed psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and the background population. Methods: Patients diagnosed with PsA (n=151) between 1998 and 2008 and matched controls (n=755) who participated in both the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) 2 (1995-1997) and HUNT3 (2006-2008) were included. Mixed linear and logistic models were used to analyse the difference in mean change between HUNT2 and HUNT3 in patients and controls for body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) and blood pressure (BP)...
2018: RMD Open
Jun He, Heyang Zheng, Daodong Pan, Tao Liu, Yangying Sun, Jinxuan Cao, Zhen Wu, Xiaoqun Zeng
Sheldrake is a duck breed widely used for its meat and eggs. In this study, the quantities of abdominal fat, sebum, intramuscular fat and liver fat, meat quality (pH, cooking loss, drip loss, and shear force), and expression and activity of several enzymes at different ages were determined. The results showed that the fat content increased (P < 0.05) during the aging process (90 d, 180 d, 270 d, and 360 d). Fatty acid synthase (FAS) and malic enzyme (ME) were chosen to represent the activity of lipid biosynthesis in Sheldrake ducks...
March 15, 2018: Poultry Science
Kalaivani A, V V Sathibabu Uddandrao, Brahmanaidu Parim, Saravanan Ganapathy, Nivedha P R, Sushma Chandulee Kancharla, Rameshreddy P, Swapna K, Vadivukkarasi Sasikumar
In this study, we evaluated the ameliorative potential of Cucurbita maxima seeds oil (CSO (100 mg/kg body weight)) supplementation to high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats for 30 days on the changes in body weight, markers of lipid metabolism such as LDL, HDL, triglycerides, total cholesterol, adiponectin, leptin, amylase, and lipase. We also investigated the effects of CSO on the changes of lipid metabolic enzymes such as fatty-acid synthase, acetyl CoA carboxylase, carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1, HMG CoA reductase, and inflammatory markers (TNF-α and IL-6)...
March 19, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Na Xu, Jun Chu, Min Wang, Ling Chen, Liang Zhang, Zhongwen Xie, Jinsong Zhang, Chi-Tang Ho, Daxiang Li, Xiaochun Wan
Large yellow tea is a traditional beverage in China with unique toasty flavor. Preliminary study using 3T3-L1 cells indicted that large yellow tea, possessed more potent lipid-lowering efficacy than green, black, dark and white teas. In the present study we further investigated its influence on metabolic syndrome in high-fat diet (HFD) mouse model with an emphasis on dose response. Thirty-two C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: low-fat diet (LFD), HFD, HFD+2.5% large yellow tea hot-water extract (YT, equivalent to 10 cups of tea daily for humans), HFD+0...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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