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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432733/variability-in-hba1c-blood-pressure-lipid-parameters-and-serum-uric-acid-and-risk-of-development-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetes
#1
Antonio Ceriello, Salvatore De Cosmo, Maria Chiara Rossi, Giuseppe Lucisano, Stefano Genovese, Roberto Pontremoli, Paola Fioretto, Carlo Giorda, Antonio Pacilli, Francesca Viazzi, Giuseppina Russo, Antonio Nicolucci
AIMS: Variability in HbA1c and blood pressure (BP) is associated with the risk of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). No evidence exists on the role of variability in lipids or serum uric acid (UA), or the interplay between the variability of different parameters, on renal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Within the AMD Annals database we identified patients with ≥5 measurements of HbA1c, SBP and DBP, total-, HDL- and LDL- cholesterol, triglycerides, and UA. Patients were followed-up for up to 5 years...
April 21, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432661/lipid-biomarkers-for-risk-assessment-in-acute-coronary-syndromes
#2
REVIEW
Jeffrey W Meeusen, Leslie J Donato, Allan S Jaffe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review was to summarize evidence gathered for the prognostic value of routine and novel blood lipids and lipoproteins measured in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). RECENT FINDINGS: Data supports clear association with risk and actionable value for non-high-density lipoprotein (Non-HDL) cholesterol and plasma ceramides in a setting of ACS. The prognostic value and clinical actionability of apolipoprotein B (apoB) and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in ACS have not been thoroughly tested, while the data for omega-3 fatty acids and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) are either untested or more varied...
June 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429921/relationship-between-dietary-patterns-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan
#3
Shota Moyama, Kazuhiro Minami, Mihiro Yano, Masumi Okumura, Susumu Hayashi, Hiroshi Takayama, Akira Yorimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is considered to be affected by dietary intake. However, few studies have examined the relationship between major dietary patterns and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) among Japanese middle-aged subjects. We studied whether major dietary patterns were associated with baPWV in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2012, 70 Japanese middle-aged subjects (39 men and 31 women) with no history of stroke, coronary heart disease, or cancer were studied...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429691/comparison-of-the-effects-of-high-dose-atorvastatin-and-high-dose-rosuvastatin-on-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-pilot-study
#4
Celal Kilit, Fatma Emel Koçak, Türkan Paşalı Kilit
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress is increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Statins reduce oxidative stress independent of their effect in reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on oxidative status by investigating serum paraoxonase, serum arylesterase, total oxidant status, total antioxidant status (TAS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) in patients with AMI. METHODS: Seventy patients with AMI were randomized into 2 groups; total of 55 patients (19 females, 36 males) aged 32 to 86 years completed the study and were included in the analysis...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428941/cardiovascular-risk-may-be-increased-in-women-with-unexplained-infertility
#5
Fatma Ferda Verit, Fadile Yildiz Zeyrek, Ali Galip Zebitay, Hurkan Akyol
OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence suggests that increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is associated with female infertility caused by conditions such as polycystic ovarian disease, obesity, thyroid dysfunction, and endometriosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether any relationship exists between CVD and unexplained infertility. METHODS: Sixty-five women with unexplained infertility and 65 fertile controls were enrolled in the study. CVD risk markers such as low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), insulin resistance (defined by the homeostasis model assessment ratio), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were assessed...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428806/is-low-total-cholesterol-levels-associated-with-suicide-attempt-in-depressive-patients
#6
A Messaoud, R Mensi, A Mrad, A Mhalla, I Azizi, B Amemou, I Trabelsi, M H Grissa, N Haj Salem, A Chadly, W Douki, M F Najjar, L Gaha
BACKGROUND: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have a high risk of suicide. Many pathophysiological factors involved in MDD and suicide such us a low cholesterol levels have been associated with MDD and increased vulnerability to suicide. In this study, we investigate the relation between lipid parameters and suicide risk in patients with MDD. METHODS: Plasma levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) were determined in 160 patients meeting the DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD (110 patients without suicidal behavior and 52 suicidal attempters) and 151 healthy controls...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428715/impact-of-interferon-free-antivirus-therapy-on-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-genotype-1b
#7
Daisuke Endo, Kenichi Satoh, Noritomo Shimada, Atsushi Hokari, Yoshio Aizawa
AIM: To investigate the influence of interferon-free antivirus therapy on lipid profiles in chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1b (HCV1b) infection. METHODS: Interferon-free antiviral agents were used to treat 276 patients with chronic HCV1b infection, and changes in serum lipids of those who achieved sustained virologic response (SVR) were examined. The treatment regimen included 24 wk of daclatasvir plus asunaprevir (DCV + ASV) or 12 wk of sofosbuvir plus ledipasvir (SOF + LDV)...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428701/association-of-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-cetp-gene-629c-a-polymorphism-with-angiographically-proven-atherosclerosis
#8
Anita Devi, Ritu Singh, Rajni Dawar, Sanjay Tyagi
Association of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) Gene -629C/A Polymorphism with angiographically proven atherosclerosis CETP gene has been linked to CAD risk via its role in HDL and LDL metabolism. There is no agreement of whether CETP is atherogenic or not. Furthermore, various genotypes of CETP gene have been associated with CETP levels and thus with atherosclerosis risk. Our aim was to study the association of CETP -629C/A gene polymorphism with CETP and HDL levels and their association if any with atherosclerosis...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428693/the-association-between-small-dense-low-density-lipoprotein-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-north-indian-patients
#9
Pravin K Goel, Fauzia Ashfaq, Roopali Khanna, V Ramesh, Chandra Mohan Pandey
Pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD) is multi-factorial and several conventional risk factors have been ascribed; LDL-C being one of the important risk factor. However Indian population studies with established CAD often show LDL levels within normal range in patients with proven CAD. We hypothesized that Small dense low density lipoprotein (sdLDL) being more atherogenic might correlate more strongly to the occurrence and severity of CAD. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between serum small dense LDL level and angiographically documented coronary artery disease...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427397/hvc1-ameliorates-hyperlipidemia-and-inflammation-in-ldlr-mice
#10
Se-Yun Cheon, Kyung-Sook Chung, Kyung-Jin Lee, Ho-Young Choi, In-Hye Ham, Dong-Hoon Jung, Yun-Yeop Cha, Hyo-Jin An
BACKGROUND: HVC1 consists of Coptidis Rhizoma (dried rhizome of Coptischinensis), Scutellariae Radix (root of Scutellariabaicalensis), Rhei Rhizoma (rhizome of Rheum officinale), and Pruni Cortex (cortex of Prunusyedoensis Matsum). Although the components are known to be effective in various conditions such as inflammation, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia, there are no reports of the molecular mechanism of its hypolipidemic effects. METHODS: We investigated the hypolipidemic effect of HVC1 in low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (LDLR(-/-)) mice fed a high-cholesterol diet for 13 weeks...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426890/fine-mapping-of-lipid-regions-in-global-populations-discovers-ethnic-specific-signals-and-refines-previously-identified-lipid-loci
#11
Niha Zubair, Mariaelisa Graff, Jose Luis Ambite, William S Bush, Gleb Kichaev, Yingchang Lu, Ani Manichaikul, Wayne H-H Sheu, Devin Absher, Themistocles L Assimes, Suzette J Bielinski, Erwin P Bottinger, Petra Buzkova, Lee-Ming Chuang, Ren-Hua Chung, Barbara Cochran, Logan Dumitrescu, Omri Gottesman, Jeffrey W Haessler, Christopher Haiman, Gerardo Heiss, Chao A Hsiung, Yi-Jen Hung, Chii-Min Hwu, Jyh-Ming J Juang, Loic Le Marchand, I-Te Lee, Wen-Jane Lee, Li-An Lin, Danyu Lin, Shih-Yi Lin, Rachel H Mackey, Lisa W Martin, Bogdan Pasaniuc, Ulrike Peters, Irene Predazzi, Thomas Quertermous, Alex P Reiner, Jennifer Robinson, Jerome I Rotter, Kelli K Ryckman, Pamela J Schreiner, Eli Stahl, Ran Tao, Michael Y Tsai, Lindsay L Waite, Tzung-Dau Wang, Steven Buyske, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Iona Cheng, Dana C Crawford, Ruth J F Loos, Stephen S Rich, Myriam Fornage, Kari E North, Charles Kooperberg, Cara L Carty
Genome-wide association studies have identified over 150 loci associated with lipid traits, however, no large-scale studies exist for Hispanics and other minority populations. Additionally, the genetic architecture of lipid-influencing loci remains largely unknown. We performed one of the most racially/ethnically diverse fine-mapping genetic studies of HDL-C, LDL-C, and triglycerides to-date using SNPs on the MetaboChip array on 54,119 individuals: 21,304 African Americans, 19,829 Hispanic Americans, 12,456 Asians, and 530 American Indians...
December 15, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425939/fructose-consumption-in-the-development-of-obesity-and-the-effects-of-different-protocols-of-physical-exercise-on-the-hepatic-metabolism
#12
REVIEW
Rodrigo Martins Pereira, José Diego Botezelli, Kellen Cristina da Cruz Rodrigues, Rania A Mekary, Dennys Esper Cintra, José Rodrigo Pauli, Adelino Sanchez Ramos da Silva, Eduardo Rochete Ropelle, Leandro Pereira de Moura
Fructose consumption has been growing exponentially and, concomitant with this, the increase in the incidence of obesity and associated complications has followed the same behavior. Studies indicate that fructose may be a carbohydrate with greater obesogenic potential than other sugars. In this context, the liver seems to be a key organ for understanding the deleterious health effects promoted by fructose consumption. Fructose promotes complications in glucose metabolism, accumulation of triacylglycerol in the hepatocytes, and alterations in the lipid profile, which, associated with an inflammatory response and alterations in the redox state, will imply a systemic picture of insulin resistance...
April 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424779/the-effectiveness-of-various-salacca-vinegars-as-therapeutic-agent-for-management-of-hyperglycemia-and-dyslipidemia-on-diabetic-rats
#13
Elok Zubaidah, Widya Dwi Rukmi Putri, Tiara Puspitasari, Umi Kalsum, Dianawati Dianawati
The aim of this study was to explore the potency of salacca vinegar made from various Indonesian salacca fruit extracts as therapeutic agent for hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia for STZ-induced diabetic rats. The rats were grouped into untreated rats, STZ-induced diabetic rats without treatment, and STZ-induced diabetic rats treated with Pondoh salacca vinegar, Swaru salacca vinegar, Gula Pasir salacca vinegar, Madu salacca vinegar, or Madura salacca vinegar. Parameter observed included blood glucose, total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride (TG), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and pancreas histopathology of the samples...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424505/usefulness-of-serum-fetuin-a-level-as-a-marker-of-erectile-dysfunction
#14
W Kandeel, W El-Shaer, A Sebaey, A A Abou-Taleb, A Fathy, B Elmohamady, A I Mansour
This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between serum levels of fetuin-A and the presence and severity of erectile dysfunction (ED) in Egyptian population. The study was performed on 60 ED patients and 20 age-matched healthy controls. A comprehensive medical history and complete physical examination were obtained and performed in all participants. ED and its severity were assessed via International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5). Doppler ultrasound, fasting blood glucose level, complete lipid profile, serum total testosterone (TT) and serum fetuin-A were performed...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424468/effect-of-handgrip-on-coronary-artery-disease-and-myocardial-infarction-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#15
Lin Xu, Yuan Tao Hao
Observational studies have reported an association of handgrip strength with risk of cardiovascular disease. However, residual confounding and reverse causation may have influenced these findings. A Mendelian randomization (MR) study was conducted to examine whether handgrip is causally associated with cardiovascular disease. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs3121278 and rs752045, were used as the genetic instruments for handgrip. The effect of each SNP on coronary artery disease/myocardial infarction (CAD/MI) was weighted by its effect on handgrip strength, and estimates were pooled to provide a summary measure for the effect of increased handgrip on risk of CAD/MI...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424436/-dyslipidemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-assessment-in-hiv-positive-patients
#16
Serhat Uysal, Mürşide Tuncel Başoğlu, Bahar Boydak, Deniz Gökengin
OBJECTIVE: Dyslipidemia is a major complication of antiretroviral treatment. Aim of the present study was to screen baseline lipid levels and cardiovascular disease risk in HIV-positive patients and analyze change in those parameters after initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS: HIV-positive patients who presented at our clinic between April 2011 and August 2012 were included. Study included 19 female (22.1%) and 67 male (77.9%) patients (mean age 39...
March 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423882/various-levels-of-rapeseed-meal-in-weaning-pig-diet-from-weaning-to-finishing-periods
#17
Sung Ho Do, Byeong Ock Kim, Lin Hu Fang, Dong Hyeon You, Jin Su Hong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of rapeseed meal (RSM) supplementation in weaning pig diet on growth performance, blood profile, carcass characteristics and economic analysis on weaning to finishing pigs. Methods: A total of 120 cross bred ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc) weaning pigs were allotted to 5 treatments in a randomized complete block (RCB) design. Each treatment had 4 replications with 6 pigs per pen. Five different levels of RSM (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8%) were used as dietary treatments...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423226/rvx-208-a-novel-bet-protein-inhibitor-role-as-an-inducer-of-apo-a-i-hdl-and-beyond
#18
Gopal C Ghosh, Rajarshi Bhadra, Raktim K Ghosh, Kinjal Banerjee, Anjan Gupta
Low density cholesterol (LDL) has been the prime target of currently available lipid-lowering therapies although current research is expanding the focus beyond LDL lowering and has included high density cholesterol (HDL) also as the target. Bromo and extra-terminal (BET) proteins are implicated in the regulation of transcription of several regulatory genes and regulation of pro-inflammatory pathways. As atherosclerosis is an inflammatory pathway and studies showed that BET inhibition has a role in inhibiting inflammation, the concept of BET inhibition came in the field of atherosclerosis...
April 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422572/effect-of-comprehensive-school-physical-activity-programming-on-cardio-metabolic-health-markers-in-children-from-low-income-schools
#19
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 36-week Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program on cardio-metabolic health markers in children from low-income schools. METHODS: Participants were 217 school-aged children (Mean age = 10.1 ± 1.1 years; 114 girls, 103 boys) recruited from five low-income elementary schools. Cardio-metabolic health markers were collected in a fasted state at two time-points, before commencement of the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program and again before the conclusion of the academic school year...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421853/pentraxin-3-and-lipid-profile-status-in-pregnancy
#20
Yun Sung Jo, Ju Young Cheon, Jung Whan Ahn, Yeongsic Kim, Gui Se Ra Lee
Hyperlipidaemia and hypercholesterolaemia are risk factors of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. The reference range of lipids during pregnancy has not yet been clearly set. This study sought to measure lipid parameters and pentraxin (PTX) 3 levels in low-risk pregnant women. The participants had serial blood samples taken between their 6th-9th week, 10th-13th week, 14th-19th week, 24th-29th week and 35th-40th week (as long as there were no contractions), during the labour period, and 2 days after delivery...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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