keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neurosurgery AND review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437812/infection-rate-in-1033-elective-neurosurgical-procedures-at-a-university-hospital-in-south-china
#1
Hongwei Zhu, Xiyao Liu, Zhanxiang Wang
Objective Infection following surgery is a serious complication, especially in neurosurgery. The aim of the study is to report the change of incidence rates of infection in patients undergoing elective neurosurgical procedures at a university hospital in South China as well as the risk factors. Material and Methods The medical records and postoperative courses for patients undergoing 1,033 neurosurgical procedures from 2008 to 2014 were reviewed retrospectively to determine the incidence of neurosurgical infection, the identity of the offending organisms, and the factors associated with infection...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434425/augmented-reality-in-neurosurgery-a-review-of-current-concepts-and-emerging-applications
#2
Daipayan Guha, Naif M Alotaibi, Nhu Nguyen, Shaurya Gupta, Christopher McFaul, Victor X D Yang
Augmented reality (AR) superimposes computer-generated virtual objects onto the user's view of the real world. Among medical disciplines, neurosurgery has long been at the forefront of image-guided surgery, and it continues to push the frontiers of AR technology in the operating room. In this systematic review, we explore the history of AR in neurosurgery and examine the literature on current neurosurgical applications of AR. Significant challenges to surgical AR exist, including compounded sources of registration error, impaired depth perception, visual and tactile temporal asynchrony, and operator inattentional blindness...
April 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433523/association-of-preresidency-peer-reviewed-publications-with-radiation-oncology-resident-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#3
Shearwood McClelland, Charles R Thomas, Lynn D Wilson, Emma B Holliday, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: The decision of radiation oncology residents to pursue academic versus private practice careers plays a central role in shaping the present and future of the field, but factors that are potentially predictive of this decision are lacking. This study was performed to examine the role of several factors publicly available before residency on postresidency career choice, including preresidency peer-reviewed publications (PRPs), which have been associated with resident career choice in comparably competitive subspecialties such as neurosurgery...
April 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428927/limitations-of-personalized-medicine-and-gene-assays-for-breast-cancer
#4
David Tiberi, Laura Masucci, Daniel Shedid, Isabelle Roy, Toni Vu, Erica Patocskai, André Robidoux, Philip Wong
Adjuvant systemic treatments reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence following the local treatment of primary stage I-III breast cancers. For patients with hormone-positive breast cancers receiving hormonal therapy, the risk of distant recurrence is under 20% and therefore, many patients may potentially be spared of chemotherapy. Consequently, several molecular signatures based on gene expression were developed to better determine which breast cancer patients would benefit from chemotherapy. We present the case of a 62-year-old woman diagnosed with an early stage hormone receptor-positive breast cancer that was treated with a partial mastectomy...
March 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424390/-area-10-38-prospective-functions-in-ba10-and-semantic-hub-in-ba38
#5
Satoshi Umeda
This paper reviews the structural specificities and functional roles in Brodmann areas 10 and 38. A number of studies have focused on both areas through various approaches including neuropsychology, neuroimaging, psychiatry, neurology, and neurosurgery. Both areas 10 and 38 may have a substantially very complex higher-order cognitive functions, which are quite hard to disentangle. Here, I picked up some fundamental perspectives for reviewing previous studies, to provide efficient research orientations for the elucidation of functions in both areas...
April 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412480/retraction-of-neurosurgical-publications-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Justin Wang, Jerry Ku, Naif M Alotaibi, James T Rutka
OBJECTIVES: Despite the increasing awareness of scientific fraud, no attempt has been made to assess its prevalence in neurosurgery. The aim of our review was to assess the chronological trend, reasons, research type/design, and country of origin of retracted neurosurgical publications. METHODS: Two independent reviewers searched the EMBASE and MEDLINE databases using neurosurgical keywords for retracted articles from 1995 to 2016. Archives of retracted articles (retractionwatch...
April 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407334/time-to-cranial-computerised-tomography-for-acute-traumatic-brain-injury-in-paediatric-patients-effect-of-the-shorter-stays-in-emergency-departments-target-in-new-zealand
#7
Peter G Jones, Bridget Kool, Stuart Dalziel, Michael Shepherd, James Le Fevre, Alana Harper, Susan Wells, Joanna Stewart, Elana Curtis, Papaarangi Reid, Shanthi Ameratunga
AIM: Timely access to computerised tomography (CT) for acute traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) facilitates rapid diagnosis and surgical intervention. In 2009, New Zealand introduced a mandatory target for emergency department (ED) stay such that 95% of patients should leave ED within 6 h of arrival. This study investigated whether this target influenced the timeliness of cranial CT scanning in children who presented to ED with acute TBI. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a random sample of charts of children <15 years with acute TBI from 2006 to 2012...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402528/macrovascular-decompression-of-the-brainstem-and-cranial-nerves-evolution-of-an-anteromedial-vertebrobasilar-artery-transposition-technique
#8
Omar Choudhri, Ian D Connolly, Michael T Lawton
BACKGROUND: Tortuous and dolichoectatic vertebrobasilar arteries can impinge on the brainstem and cranial nerves to cause compression syndromes. Transposition techniques are often required to decompress the brainstem with dolichoectatic pathology. We describe our evolution of an anteromedial transposition technique and its efficacy in decompressing the brainstem and relieving symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To present the anteromedial vertebrobasilar artery transposition technique for macrovascular decompression of the brainstem and cranial nerves...
April 11, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400902/a-novel-neuroscience-intermediate-level-care-unit-model-retrospective-analysis-of-impact-on-patient-flow-and-safety
#9
Alexandra E Quimby, Michel C F Shamy, Deanna M Rothwell, Erin Y Liu, Dar Dowlatshahi, Grant Stotts
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neurointensive care units have been shown to improve patient outcomes across a variety of neurological and neurosurgical conditions. However, the efficacy of less resource-intensive intermediate-level care units to deliver similar care has not been well studied. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of neurocritical specialist comanagement on patient flow and safety in a neuroscience intermediate-level care unit. METHODS: Our intervention consisted of the addition of a physician with critical care experience as well as training in neurology, anesthesiology, or intensive care to a neuroscience intermediate-level care unit to comanage patients alongside neurology and neurosurgery staff during weekday daytime hours...
April 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399527/blunt-traumatic-extracranial-cerebrovascular-injury-and-ischemic-stroke
#10
Paul M Foreman, Mark R Harrigan
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke occurs in a significant subset of patients with blunt traumatic cerebrovascular injury (TCVI). The patients are victims of motor vehicle crashes, assaults or other high-energy collisions, and suffer ischemic stroke due to injury to the extracranial carotid or vertebral arteries. SUMMARY: An increasing number of patients with TCVI are being identified, largely because of the expanding use of computed tomography angiography for screening patients with blunt trauma...
April 11, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387433/neurosurgical-management-and-pathology-of-lumbosacral-lipomas-with-tethered-cord
#11
REVIEW
Takato Morioka, Nobuya Murakami, Takafumi Shimogawa, Nobutaka Mukae, Kimiakai Hashiguchi, Satoshi O Suzuki, Koji Iihara
Lumbosacral lipomas are the most common form of occult spinal dysraphism. The development of lumbosacral lipomas is from the premature disjunction of the neural tube from the surrounding ectoderm, leaving the neural plate open posteriorly and allowing for the infiltration of mesodermal tissue, including fatty tissue. Since lumbosacral lipomas are a common cause of spinal cord tethering that can lead to progressive neurological deficits, prophylactic neurosurgery for lumbosacral lipomas, including untethering of the spinal cord, is recommended...
April 7, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383672/cerebral-revascularization-for-aneurysms-in-the-flow-diverter-era
#12
David C Straus, Harley Brito da Silva, Lynn McGrath, Michael R Levitt, Louis J Kim, Basavaraj V Ghodke, Jason K Barber, Laligam N Sekhar
BACKGROUND: Cerebral bypass has been an important tool in the treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms. The recent advent of flow-diverting stents (FDS) has expanded the capacity for endovascular arterial reconstruction. OBJECTIVE: We investigated how the advent of FDS has impacted the application and outcomes of cerebral bypass in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of cerebral bypasses during aneurysm surgery over the course of 10 years...
April 5, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375501/seven-ethical-issues-affecting-neurosurgeons-in-the-context-of-health-care-reform
#13
T Forcht Dagi
Ethical discussions around health care reform typically focus on problems of social justice and health care equity. This review, in contrast, focuses on ethical issues of particular importance to neurosurgeons, especially with respect to potential changes in the physician-patient relationship that may occur in the context of health care reform.The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 (H.R. 3590) was not the first attempt at health care reform in the United States but it is the one currently in force...
April 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375500/neurosurgical-practice-in-transition-a-review
#14
Dong H Kim, T Forcht Dagi, James R Bean
Neurosurgery is experiencing a period of acute change driven by 2 forces: (1) the perception that the healthcare system in the United States is wasteful and that patients are receiving low "value" care, (2) the belief that quality and long-term outcomes can be measured accurately. We believe 3 important shifts will emerge as a result of these forces. First, payment models will change. They will become anchored to a concept of population health, with capitation payments on a per-patient basis going to provider entities that undertake financial risk...
April 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368495/comprehensive-review-of-the-thinkfirst-injury-prevention-programs-a-30-year-success-story-for-organized-neurosurgery
#15
Emily H Youngers, Kayt Zundel, Deborah Gerhardstein, Mariela Martínez, Carlos Bertrán, Mark R Proctor, Mark A Spatola, Edward A Neuwelt
Traumatic brain and spinal cord injuries are major public health issues causing significant death and long-term disability in the United States, with higher incidences in young and older adults. The ThinkFirst National Injury Prevention Foundation is a nonprofit organization focused on injury prevention education and awareness for people of all ages, with a particular focus on educating children, teens, and young adults. ThinkFirst chapters have evaluated the effectiveness of the ThinkFirst programs in both children and teens by demonstrating significant improvement in knowledge regarding high-risk behaviors postintervention...
March 28, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362214/a-systematic-multidisciplinary-initiative-for-reducing-the-risk-of-complications-in-adult-scoliosis-surgery
#16
Rajiv Sethi, Quinlan D Buchlak, Vijay Yanamadala, Melissa L Anderson, Eric A Baldwin, Robert S Mecklenburg, Jean-Christophe Leveque, Alicia M Edwards, Mary Shea, Lisa Ross, Karen J Wernli
OBJECTIVE Systematic multidisciplinary approaches to improving quality and safety in complex surgical care have shown promise. Complication rates from complex spine surgery range from 10% to 90% for all surgeries, and the overall mortality rate is 1%-4%. These rates suggest the need for improved perioperative complex spine surgery processes designed to minimize risk and improve quality. METHODS The Group Health Research Institute and Virginia Mason Medical Center implemented a systematic multidisciplinary protocol, the Seattle Spine Team Protocol, in 2010...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362185/reoperations-within-48-hours-following-7942-pediatric-neurosurgery-procedures
#17
Anil K Roy, Jason Chu, Caroline Bozeman, Samir Sarda, Michael Sawvel, Joshua J Chern
OBJECTIVE Various indicators are used to evaluate the quality of care delivered by surgical services, one of which is early reoperation rate. The indications and rate of reoperations within a 48-hour time period have not been previously reported for pediatric neurosurgery. METHODS Between May 1, 2009, and December 30, 2014, 7942 surgeries were performed by the pediatric neurosurgery service in the operating rooms at a single institution. Demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical characteristics associated with each of the operations were prospectively collected...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349317/trends-in-procedures-at-major-trauma-centres-in-new-south-wales-australia-an-analysis-of-state-wide-trauma-data
#18
Matthew Oliver, Michael M Dinh, Kate Curtis, Royce Paschkewitz, Oran Rigby, Zsolt J Balogh
OBJECTIVES: To describe the trend in major trauma surgical procedures and interventional radiology in major trauma patients in Australia over the past 6 years. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of adult major trauma (Injury Severity Score greater than 15) patients using the New South Wales Statewide Trauma Registry between 2009 and 2014. Major trauma surgical procedures were classified into abdominal, neurosurgery, cardiothoracic and interventional radiology...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343872/orbital-decompression-for-thyroid-eye-disease
#19
Daniel B Rootman
The literature regarding orbital decompression for thyroid eye disease is vast, spanning multiple specialty areas including neurosurgery, head and neck, maxillofacial and ophthalmic plastic surgery. Although techniques have advanced considerably over the more than 100 years during which this procedure has been performed, the four major approaches remain: transorbital, transcranial, transantral and transnasal. The explosion in literature related to orbital decompression has mostly involved minor technical variations on broader surgical themes...
March 23, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341408/the-effect-of-3-dimensional-simulation-on-neurosurgical-skill-acquisition-and-surgical-performance-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Anna D Clark, Damiano G Barone, Nicholas Candy, Mathew Guilfoyle, Karol Budohoski, Riikka Hoffmann, Thomas Santarius, Ramez Kirollos, Rikin A Trivedi
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, 3-dimensional (3D) simulation of neurosurgical procedures has become increasingly popular as an addition to training programmes. However, there remains little objective evidence of its effectiveness in improving live surgical skill. This review analysed the current literature in 3D neurosurgical simulation, highlighting remaining gaps in the evidence base for improvement in surgical performance and suggests useful future research directions. DESIGN: An electronic search of the databases was conducted to identify studies investigating 3D virtual reality (VR) simulation for various types of neurosurgery...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
keyword
keyword
120945
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"