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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909503/prophylactic-antibiotics-in-pediatric-neurological-surgery
#1
Friederike Knerlich-Lukoschus, Martina Messing-Jünger
PURPOSE: Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) in pediatric neurosurgery has poorly been characterized until now. This review gives an overview on the current literature extracting recommendations and guidelines. METHODS: The current literature on SAP with special forcus on pediatric neurosurgerical procedures was reviewed. Further, available recommendations in online databases were checked. Clean neurosurgical, shunt, and implant surgeries are considered separately...
June 16, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904585/recent-advances-in-deep-brain-stimulation-in-psychiatric-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Anne-Hélène Clair, William Haynes, Luc Mallet
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been offered to patients suffering of severe and resistant neuropsychiatric disorders like Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (TS) and Major Depression (MDD). Modulation of several targets within the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical circuits can lead to a decrease of symptom severity in those patients. This review focuses on the recent clinical outcomes in DBS in psychiatric disorders. Studies on OCD and TS are now focusing on the long-term effects of DBS, with encouraging results regarding not only the decrease of symptoms, but also quality of life...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903905/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-consensus-guidelines-on-management
#3
REVIEW
Susan P Mollan, Brendan Davies, Nick C Silver, Simon Shaw, Conor L Mallucci, Benjamin R Wakerley, Anita Krishnan, Swarupsinh V Chavda, Satheesh Ramalingam, Julie Edwards, Krystal Hemmings, Michelle Williamson, Michael A Burdon, Ghaniah Hassan-Smith, Kathleen Digre, Grant T Liu, Rigmor Højland Jensen, Alexandra J Sinclair
The aim was to capture interdisciplinary expertise from a large group of clinicians, reflecting practice from across the UK and further, to inform subsequent development of a national consensus guidance for optimal management of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). METHODS: Between September 2015 and October 2017, a specialist interest group including neurology, neurosurgery, neuroradiology, ophthalmology, nursing, primary care doctors and patient representatives met. An initial UK survey of attitudes and practice in IIH was sent to a wide group of physicians and surgeons who investigate and manage IIH regularly...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888163/utilizing-light-field-imaging-technology-in-neurosurgery
#4
REVIEW
Brian R Chen, Ian A Buchanan, Spencer Kellis, Daniel Kramer, Ifije Ohiorhenuan, Zack Blumenfeld, Dominic J Grisafe Ii, Michael F Barbaro, Angad S Gogia, James Y Lu, Beverly B Chen, Brian Lee
Traditional still cameras can only focus on a single plane for each image while rendering everything outside of that plane out of focus. However, new light-field imaging technology makes it possible to adjust the focus plane after an image has already been captured. This technology allows the viewer to interactively explore an image with objects and anatomy at varying depths and clearly focus on any feature of interest by selecting that location during post-capture viewing. These images with adjustable focus can serve as valuable educational tools for neurosurgical residents...
April 10, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886671/-sole-angioplasty-with-tiny-balloon-for-high-risk-complex-symptomatic-intracranial-atherosclerotic-stenosis
#5
P Qi, J J Wang, L J Wang, J Lu, S Hu, X M Yang, K P Chen, H F Wang, D M Wang
Objective: To explore the safety and short-term efficacy of sole angioplasty with tiny balloon for symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) patients with complex lesions refractory. Methods: Consecutive 11 patients with complex ICAS lesions treated by sole angioplasty with tiny balloon (diameter≤2 mm) from September 2016 to November 2017 at Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' demographics, lesions characteristics, procedures, complications, and clinical and imaging follow-up data were collected...
June 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883828/safety-of-dynamic-mri-of-the-cervical-spine-in-children-performed-without-neurosurgical-supervision
#6
Derek Yecies, Nathaniel Fogel, Michael Edwards, Gerald Grant, Kristen W Yeom, Samuel Cheshier
OBJECT: The need for neurosurgical supervision as well as the general safety and utility of dynamic MRI of the cervical spine in children remains controversial. We present the largest descriptive cohort study of cervical flexion-extension MRIs in a pediatric population to help elucidate the safety and utility of this technique. METHODS: All cervical spine MRIs performed at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford from 2009-2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 5, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872915/plasma-rich-fibrin-in-neurosurgery-a-feasibility-study
#7
Tom Theys, Anais Van Hoylandt, Charlotte-Elise Broeckx, Laura Van Gerven, Joyce Jonkergouw, Marc Quirynen, Johannes van Loon
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage represents an important and sometimes challenging complication in both cranial and spinal surgery. Current available options for dural closure pose inherent problems regarding safety, efficacy, immunogenicity, cost, and invasiveness. In this article, the use of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) derived from the patient's own blood is proposed to facilitate dural closure. We aim to describe the safety, feasibility, and applicability of L-PRF membranes and plugs in cranial and spinal neurosurgery...
June 6, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870469/mr-guided-functional-neurosurgery-laser-ablation-and-deep-brain-stimulation
#8
Christine E Boone, Teresa Wojtasiewicz, Emile Moukheiber, Ankur Butala, Ligia Jordao, Kelly A Mills, Haris Sair, William S Anderson
Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) is increasingly implemented for image-guided procedures in functional neurosurgery. iMRI facilitates accurate electrode implantation for deep brain stimulation (DBS) and is currently an alternative method for DBS electrode targeting. The application of iMRI also allows for greater accuracy and precision in laser-induced thermal therapy (LITT). The expanding use of functional neurosurgical procedures makes safety and feasibility of iMRI important considerations, particularly in patients with comorbidities or complex medical histories...
June 2018: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862995/an-update-tissue-engineered-nerve-grafts-for-the-repair-of-peripheral-nerve-injuries
#9
Nitesh P Patel, Kristopher A Lyon, Jason H Huang
Peripheral nerve injuries (PNI) are caused by a range of etiologies and result in a broad spectrum of disability. While nerve autografts are the current gold standard for the reconstruction of extensive nerve damage, the limited supply of autologous nerve and complications associated with harvesting nerve from a second surgical site has driven groups from multiple disciplines, including biomedical engineering, neurosurgery, plastic surgery, and orthopedic surgery, to develop a suitable or superior alternative to autografting...
May 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860942/challenges-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunting-in-patients-with-glioblastoma
#10
Bujung Hong, Manolis Polemikos, Hans E Heissler, Christian Hartmann, Makoto Nakamura, Joachim K Krauss
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation disturbances may occur during the course of disease in patients with glioblastoma. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting has generally been recommended to improve symptoms in glioblastoma patients. Shunt implantation for patients with glioblastoma, however, presents as a complex situation and produces different problems to shunting in other contexts. Information on complications of shunting glioma patients has rarely been the subject of investigation...
June 4, 2018: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850841/oversight-and-ethical-regulation-of-conflicts-of-interest-in-neurosurgery-in-the-united-states
#11
Aislyn C DiRisio, Ivo S Muskens, David J Cote, Maya Babu, William B Gormley, Timothy R Smith, Wouter A Moojen, Marike L Broekman
BACKGROUND: Developmental incentives are fundamental to surgical progress, yet financial and professional incentives inherently create conflicts of interest (COI). Understanding how to manage COI held by neurosurgeons, industry, hospitals, and journal editors, without thwarting progress and innovation is critical. OBJECTIVE: To present an overview of COI associated with innovation in neurosurgery, and review ways to manage these in an ethically sound manner. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed to assess conflicts of interest that affect neurosurgical innovation, and review ways to manage COI of various parties while adhering to ethical standards...
May 30, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848016/the-vast-potential-and-bright-future-of-neuroimaging
#12
Max Wintermark, Rivka Colen, Christopher T Whitlow, Gregory Zaharchuk
Significant advances in anatomical and functional neuroimaging techniques have allowed researchers and clinicians to visualize the brain in action. The field of neuroimaging currently includes newer and faster scanners, improved image quality, higher spatial and temporal resolution, and diverse methods of acquisition and analysis. Beyond simply imaging brain structures, these developments enable quantitative assessment of the microstructural and functional architecture, perfusion, and metabolism of the brain...
May 31, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846366/online-ratings-of-spine-surgeons-analysis-of-208-surgeons
#13
Jun Zhang, Adan Omar, Addisu Mesfin
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the online ratings of spine surgeons and variables that may affect online ratings. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Physician review Web sites (PRW) are rapidly growing for-profit businesses. Most orthopedic surgeons are rated on at least one PRW as are other surgical specialists. To date the online ratings of spine surgeons have not been evaluated. METHODS: Cervical Spine Research Society surgeon ratings on five physician rating Web sites were performed in April 2016: "healthgrade...
June 15, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805721/magnetic-resonance-guided-focused-ultrasound-neurosurgery-for-essential-tremor-a-health-technology-assessment
#14
(no author information available yet)
Background: The standard treatment option for medication-refractory essential tremor is invasive neurosurgery. A new, noninvasive alternative is magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) neurosurgery. We aimed to determine the effectiveness, safety, and cost-effectiveness of MRgFUS neurosurgery for the treatment of moderate to severe, medication-refractory essential tremor in Ontario. We also spoke with people with essential tremor to gain an understanding of their experiences and thoughts regarding treatment options, including MRgFUS neurosurgery...
2018: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799343/the-history-of-therapeutic-hypothermia-and-its-use-in-neurosurgery
#15
Michael A Bohl, Nikolay L Martirosyan, Zachary W Killeen, Evgenii Belykh, Joseph M Zabramski, Robert F Spetzler, Mark C Preul
Despite an overwhelming history demonstrating the potential of hypothermia to rescue and preserve the brain and spinal cord after injury or disease, clinical trials from the last 50 years have failed to show a convincing benefit. This comprehensive review provides the historical context needed to consider the current status of clinical hypothermia research and a view toward the future direction for this field. For millennia, accounts of hypothermic patients surviving typically fatal circumstances have piqued the interest of physicians and prompted many of the early investigations into hypothermic physiology...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796313/microvascular-anastomosis-training-in-neurosurgery-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Vadim A Byvaltsev, Serik K Akshulakov, Roman A Polkin, Sergey V Ochkal, Ivan A Stepanov, Yerbol T Makhambetov, Talgat T Kerimbayev, Michael Staren, Evgenii Belykh, Mark C Preul
Cerebrovascular diseases are among the most widespread diseases in the world, which largely determine the structure of morbidity and mortality rates. Microvascular anastomosis techniques are important for revascularization surgeries on brachiocephalic and carotid arteries and complex cerebral aneurysms and even during resection of brain tumors that obstruct major cerebral arteries. Training in microvascular surgery became even more difficult with less case exposure and growth of the use of endovascular techniques...
2018: Minimally Invasive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792336/evaluation-of-a-national-neurosurgical-formative-examination-the-uk-experience
#17
Ian Anderson, Robert Corns, Simon Thomson
INTRODUCTION: Formative assessment is a key component in medical education and that it is a helpful process for all involved. Until recently there was no national formative examination for neurosurgical trainees. The Neurosurgery Annual in Training Examination (NAiTE) is an annual online, formative assessment that was introduced in 2014. In this paper, we seek to discuss how well NAiTE relates to established educational practice and principles and its fitness for purpose by discussing its rationale, structure and utility...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791943/the-growing-reality-of-the-neurological-complications-of-global-stem-cell-tourism
#18
Katie Julian, Nick Yuhasz, Ethan Hollingsworth, Jaime Imitola
"Stem cell tourism" is defined as the unethical practice of offering unproven cellular preparations to patients suffering from various medical conditions. This phenomenon is rising in the field of neurology as patients are requesting information and opportunities for treatment with stem cells for incurable conditions such as multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, despite their clinical research and experimental designation. Here, we review the recent trends in "stem cell tourism" in both the United States and abroad, and discuss the recent reports of neurological complications from these activities...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790725/the-utilization-of-fluorescein-in-brain-tumor-surgery-a-systematic-review
#19
Claudio Cavallo, Camilla De Laurentis, Ignazio G Vetrano, Jacopo Falco, Morgan Broggi, Marco Schiariti, Paolo Ferroli, Francesco Acerbi
INTRODUCTION: Sodium Fluorescein (SF) is a green, water-soluble dye with the capacity to accumulate in cerebral areas as a result of damaged blood-brain barrier (BBB); this property allows SF to concentrate specifically at the tumor site of various types of brain neoplasms, making the tumor tissue more clearly visible. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search (1947-2018) was conducted with the keywords "fluorescein neurosurgery", "YELLOW neurosurgery", "fluorescein brain tumor", "YELLOW brain tumor"...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787414/perioperative-peripheral-nerve-injury-after-general-anesthesia-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#20
Jason Chui, John M Murkin, Karen L Posner, Karen B Domino
Perioperative peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is a well-recognized complication of general anesthesia that continues to result in patient disability and malpractice claims. However, the multifactorial etiology of PNI is often not appreciated in malpractice claims given that most PNI is alleged to be due to errors in patient positioning. New advances in monitoring may aid anesthesiologists in the early detection of PNI. This article reviews recent studies of perioperative PNI after general anesthesia and discusses the epidemiology and potential mechanisms of injury and preventive measures...
July 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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