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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077347/translating-e-mental-health-into-practice-what-are-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-e-mental-health-implementation-by-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-professionals
#1
James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer, Simon DuBois, Kelly Hyde
BACKGROUND: With increasing evidence for the effectiveness of e-mental health interventions for enhancing mental health and well-being, a growing challenge is how to translate promising research findings into service delivery contexts. A 2012 e-mental health initiative by the Australian Federal Government (eMHPrac) has sought to address the issue through several strategies, one of which has been to train different health professional workforces in e-mental health (e-MH). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report on the barriers and enablers of e-MH uptake in a cohort of predominantly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals (21 Indigenous, 5 non-Indigenous) who occupied mainly support or case management roles within their organizations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077345/tips-and-traps-lessons-from-codesigning-a-clinician-e-monitoring-tool-for-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#2
Frederick Sundram, Susan J Hawken, Karolina Stasiak, Mathijs Fg Lucassen, Theresa Fleming, Matthew Shepherd, Andrea Greenwood, Raechel Osborne, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) is an acceptable and promising treatment modality for adolescents with mild-to-moderate depression. Many cCBT programs are standalone packages with no way for clinicians to monitor progress or outcomes. We sought to develop an electronic monitoring (e-monitoring) tool in consultation with clinicians and adolescents to allow clinicians to monitor mood, risk, and treatment adherence of adolescents completing a cCBT program called SPARX (Smart, Positive, Active, Realistic, X-factor thoughts)...
January 11, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076487/technological-information-regarding-prebiotics-and-probiotics-nutrition-versus-the-patent-registers-what-is-new
#3
José Maciel Caldas Dos Reis, Maurício Fortuna Pinheiro, André Takashi Oti, Denilson José Silva Feitosa-Junior, Mauro de Souza Pantoja, Rui Sérgio Monteiro Barros
Introduction: Food is a key factor both in prevention and in promoting human health. Among the functional food are highlighted probiotics and prebiotics. Patent databases are the main source of technological information about innovation worldwide, providing extensive library for research sector. Objective: Perform mapping in the main patent databases about pre and probiotics, seeking relevant information regarding the use of biotechnology, nanotechnology and genetic engineering in the production of these foods...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075417/enriching-mental-health-mobile-assessment-and-intervention-with-situation-awareness
#4
Ariel Soares Teles, Artur Rocha, Francisco José da Silva E Silva, João Correia Lopes, Donal O'Sullivan, Pepijn Van de Ven, Markus Endler
Current mobile devices allow the execution of sophisticated applications with the capacity for identifying the user situation, which can be helpful in treatments of mental disorders. In this paper, we present SituMan, a solution that provides situation awareness to MoodBuster, an ecological momentary assessment and intervention mobile application used to request self-assessments from patients in depression treatments. SituMan has a fuzzy inference engine to identify patient situations using context data gathered from the sensors embedded in mobile devices...
January 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073734/acute-parasitic-and-other-infectious-myelopathies-in-the-tropics-26-cases-at-the-university-hospital-in-conakry
#5
F A Cisse, W A E Ekué, L Barry, S D Barry, M L Touré, A Cissé
In tropical countries, laboratory-confirmed diagnostic certainty of parasitic and other infectious causes of acute myelopathy is difficult because of a shortage of medical professionals and consulting delays. We performed a retrospective study of 168 patients hospitalized for spinal disorders between 2007 and 2013 and identified 26 diagnosed with acute non-compressive myelopathy of presumed sudden onset. An parasitic or other infectious cause was established for all. A preliminary clinical infection preceding the development of neurologic signs was reported for 22 patients (84...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071621/assessment-of-the-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-efficacy-of-screening-for-oral-head-and-neck-potential-malignant-lesions-in-apparently-healthy-adults-in-jos-nigeria
#6
A A Adoga, O A Silas, J P Yaro, E T Okwori, A A Iduh, C J Mgbachi
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of screening for oral, head and neck cancers (HNCs) in adequately identifying high-risk groups is controversial. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review our experience with a free oral, HNC-screening program to determine the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants and the effectiveness of this program to improve future programs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional survey of participants in a free oral, HNC screening exercise was performed in the years 2009, 2012, and 2013...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069679/survey-of-pharmacist-prescribing-practices-in-alberta
#7
Lisa M Guirguis, Christine A Hughes, Mark J Makowsky, Cheryl A Sadowski, Theresa J Schindel, Nese Yuksel
PURPOSE: Results of a survey to characterize pharmacist prescribing in the Canadian province of Alberta are reported. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a random sample of pharmacists registered with the Alberta College of Pharmacists was conducted. The survey was developed in four stages, with evidence of reliability and construct validity compiled. Analysis of variance and chi-square testing were used to compare prescribing behaviors. RESULTS: Three hundred fifty of 692 invited pharmacists (51%) completed the survey, with 76...
January 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069147/a-content-analysis-of-emotional-concerns-expressed-at-the-time-of-receiving-a-cancer-diagnosis-an-observational-study-of-consultations-with-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-and-their-family-members
#8
Live Korsvold, Anneli Viktoria Mellblom, Arnstein Finset, Ellen Ruud, Hanne Cathrine Lie
PURPOSE: Little is known about the emotional concerns expressed by adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients in consultations when a diagnosis of cancer is delivered. Here, we investigated the content of such concerns and how health care providers respond to them. METHOD: We audio-recorded nine consultations with AYA cancer patients (ages: 12-25 years) at the time of diagnosis. We have previously identified and coded 135 emotional concerns and the responses to these in the nine consultations using the Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences (VR-CoDES) framework...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068732/-concept-for-a-national-implant-registry-to-improve-patient-safety
#9
L Prantl, U von Fritschen, J Liebau, J von Hassel, E M Baur, P M Vogt, R E Giunta, R E Horch
Since the introduction of silicone implants, several events have led to considerable uncertainty among the patients, public, and users. So far, however, the necessary steps to significantly improving patient safety have not been taken in any of these cases. Requiring stricter approvals for medical devices, improving monitoring by the regulatory authorities and the revision of the Medical Devices Directive are all initial steps in the right direction towards a change in policy, but are insufficient as an early warning system...
December 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066893/content-and-cultural-validity-in-the-development-of-the-indigenous-play-partner-scale
#10
Alma M Dender, Karen E Stagnitti
BACKGROUND/AIM: Culturally relevant assessments of Australian Indigenous children's social pretend play do not exist. This study investigated the content validity and cultural validity of the Indigenous Play Partner Scale (I-PPS). METHODS: Six pairs of children (i.e. 12 children) aged four-six years from a remote Australian town were videoed playing in pairs, and 14 community elders and mothers participated across three focus groups. The social interactions between the children were transcribed from the videos...
January 8, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064172/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-prevent-frailty-in-pre-frail-community-dwelling-older-people-consulting-in-primary-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
M Serra-Prat, X Sist, R Domenich, L Jurado, A Saiz, A Roces, E Palomera, M Tarradelles, M Papiol
BACKGROUND: evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to prevent frailty is scarce. OBJECTIVE: to assess the effect of an intervention in preventing frailty progression in pre-frail older people. STUDY DESIGN: a randomised, open label, controlled trial with two parallel arms. POPULATION: community-dwelling pre-frail older people (≥70 years) consulting in primary care. INTERVENTION: nutritional assessment (and derivation to a Nutritional Unit for usual care in the event of nutritional risk) and a physical activity programme including aerobic exercise and a set of mixed strengthening, balance and coordination exercises CONTROL GROUP: patients receiving the usual care...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062335/productivity-in-pediatric-palliative-care-measuring-and-monitoring-an-elusive-metric
#12
Erica C Kaye, Zachary R Abramson, Jennifer M Snaman, Sarah E Friebert, Justin N Baker
CONTEXT: Workforce productivity is poorly defined in healthcare. Particularly in the field of pediatric palliative care (PPC), the absence of consensus metrics impedes aggregation and analysis of data to track workforce efficiency and effectiveness. Lack of uniformly measured data also compromises the development of innovative strategies to improve productivity and hinders investigation of the link between productivity and quality of care, which are interrelated but not interchangeable...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061509/strategies-to-prevent-or-reduce-gender-bias-in-peer-review-of-research-grants-a-rapid-scoping-review
#13
Andrea C Tricco, Sonia M Thomas, Jesmin Antony, Patricia Rios, Reid Robson, Reena Pattani, Marco Ghassemi, Shannon Sullivan, Inthuja Selvaratnam, Cara Tannenbaum, Sharon E Straus
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on strategies implemented or identified to prevent or reduce gender bias in peer review of research grants. METHODS: Studies of any type of qualitative or quantitative design examining interventions to reduce or prevent gender bias during the peer review of health-related research grants were included. Electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), PsycINFO, Joanna Briggs, the Cochrane Library, Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Reviews, and the Campbell Library were searched from 2005 to April 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059431/evaluation-of-treatment-changes-following-electronic-consultation-to-a-pharmacist-run-urine-drug-testing-service-in-a-veterans-healthcare-system
#14
Michelle M Stammet, Shelley S Spradley
In 2013, the North Florida/South Georgia Veterans Healthcare System established a pharmacist-run urine drug testing (UDT) electronic consultation (e-consult) service to assist providers with interpretation of this useful yet complex clinical tool. This pilot study aimed to classify clinical treatment changes implemented following e-consult to a pharmacist-run UDT service and analyze factors limiting pharmacist intervention postconsultation. One hundred forty-three e-consults were completed in the 2-year study period including interpretation of 190 UDT results classified as expected, unexpected, or not necessarily inappropriate based on prescription profile at time of urine immunoassay test...
November 2016: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059000/the-effects-of-preoperative-cardiology-consultation-prior-to-elective-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-on-patient-morbidity
#15
Anna E Boniakowski, Frank M Davis, Amanda R Phillips, Adina B Robinson, Dawn M Coleman, Peter K Henke
Objectives The relationship between preoperative medical consultations and postoperative complications has not been extensively studied. Thus, we investigated the impact of preoperative consultation on postoperative morbidity following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Methods A retrospective review was conducted on 469 patients (mean age 72 years, 20% female) who underwent elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair from June 2007 to July 2014. Data elements included detailed medical history, preoperative cardiology consultation, and postoperative complications...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057875/perceived-challenges-of-working-in-a-fertility-clinic-a-qualitative-analysis-of-work-stressors-and-difficulties-working-with-patients
#16
Jacky Boivin, Laura Bunting, Emily Koert, Chin Ieng U, Christianne Verhaak
STUDY QUESTION: What are some of the challenges of working in a fertility clinic? SUMMARY ANSWER: The most frequently mentioned challenges were workload (e.g. high time pressure) and patient-related sources (e.g. unrealistic expectations). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: One study showed a too high workload, worry about handling human material and low success rates were main stressors in fertility clinics. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: An online open-ended survey inviting participants to respond to seven questions was distributed to 5902 members of the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE, October 2010)...
January 5, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056287/-the-fees-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#17
K Wang, X Dong, J H Lin
Objective: To assess the cost of illness, the current medication treatment status and health service utilization of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: From January 2014 to May 2015, 250 patients in Arthritis Clinic and Research Center, Peking University People's Hospital were recruited and followed up for 12 months. There were four visits during the follow-up, i. e. baseline, 1, 6 and 12 month. Data on sociodemographic variables, direct cost of illness, medication utilization and health service utilization were obtained by the questionnaire for the analyses...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050669/usa300-a-strain-of-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-crossing-belgium-s-borders-outbreak-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-a-hospital-in-belgium
#18
K Kaïret, E Ho, D Van Kerkhoven, J Boes, S Van Calenbergh, L Pattyn, P Lemay
OBJECTIVE: to investigate an outbreak of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) USA300 in a hospital setting, and the effect of infection control measures. DESIGN: outbreak investigation and retrospective chart review. SETTING: local inpatient and outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: all patients with a history of skin and soft tissue infections with culture-confirmed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA 300 infection from September, 2014, through June, 2015...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049480/effectiveness-of-sensor-monitoring-in-an-occupational-therapy-rehabilitation-program-for-older-individuals-after-hip-fracture-the-so-hip-trial-study-protocol-of-a-three-arm-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial
#19
Margriet C Pol, Gerben Ter Riet, Margo van Hartingsveldt, Ben Kröse, Sophia E de Rooij, Bianca M Buurman
BACKGROUND: The performance of activities of daily living (ADL) at home is important for the recovery of older individuals after hip fracture. However, 20-90% of these individuals lose ADL function and never fully recover. It is currently unknown to what extent occupational therapy (OT) with coaching based on cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) improves recovery. The same holds for sensor monitoring-based coaching in addition to OT. Here, we describe the design of a study investigating the effect of sensor monitoring embedded in an OT rehabilitation program on the recovery of ADL among older individuals after hip fracture...
January 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049454/identifying-mechanisms-for-facilitating-knowledge-to-action-strategies-targeting-the-built-environment
#20
Ghazal S Fazli, Maria I Creatore, Flora I Matheson, Sara Guilcher, Vered Kaufman-Shriqui, Heather Manson, Ashley Johns, Gillian L Booth
BACKGROUND: In recent years, obesity-related diseases have been on the rise globally resulting in major challenges for health systems and society as a whole. Emerging research in population health suggests that interventions targeting the built environment may help reduce the burden of obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, translation of the evidence on the built environment into effective policy and planning changes requires engagement and collaboration between multiple sectors and government agencies for designing neighborhoods that are more conducive to healthy and active living...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
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