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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812541/systematic-review-of-interventions-for-treating-or-preventing-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#1
Hanna Bergman, Dawn-Marie Walker, Adriani Nikolakopoulou, Karla Soares-Weiser, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic medication can cause tardive dyskinesia (TD) - late-onset, involuntary, repetitive movements, often involving the face and tongue. TD occurs in > 20% of adults taking antipsychotic medication (first-generation antipsychotics for > 3 months), with this proportion increasing by 5% per year among those who continue to use these drugs. The incidence of TD among those taking newer antipsychotics is not different from the rate in people who have used older-generation drugs in moderate doses...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810806/evaluating-structural-change-approaches-to-health-promotion-an-exploratory-scoping-review-of-a-decade-of-u-s-progress
#2
Yuka Asada, Lisa D Lieberman, Leah C Neubauer, Rosie Hanneke, Michael C Fagen
Structural change approaches-also known as policy and environmental changes-are becoming increasingly common in health promotion, yet our understanding of how to evaluate them is still limited. An exploratory scoping review of the literature was conducted to understand approaches and methods used to evaluate structural change interventions in health promotion and public health literature. Two analysts-along with health sciences librarian consultation-searched PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE for peer-reviewed U...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810369/a-closer-look-at-the-relationships-between-panic-attacks-emergency-department-visits-and-non-cardiac-chest-pain
#3
Guillaume Foldes-Busque, Isabelle Denis, Julien Poitras, Richard P Fleet, Patrick Archambault, Clermont E Dionne
This study examined the prevalence of emergency department visits prompted by panic attacks in patients with non-cardiac chest pain. A validated structured telephone interview was used to assess panic attacks and their association with the emergency department consultation in 1327 emergency department patients with non-cardiac chest pain. Patients reported at least one panic attack in the past 6 months in 34.5 per cent (95% confidence interval: 32.0%-37.1%) of cases, and 77.1 per cent (95% confidence interval: 73...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808508/new-onset-acute-thrombocytopenia-in-hospitalized-patients-pathophysiology-and-diagnostic-approach
#4
REVIEW
Naveed Ali, Herbert E Auerbach
Thrombocytopenia is a hematological finding commonly encountered in daily clinical practice from asymptomatic clinic patients to critically ill intensive care unit patients. A broad spectrum of etiologies and variation in clinical presentation often present a diagnostic challenge. Furthermore, concomitant presence of thrombosis and thrombocytopenia, as in cases of thrombotic thrombocytopenia, complicates the management. In hospitalized patients, new-onset thrombocytopenia is an important reason for hematology consultation...
July 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806283/expanding-the-scope-of-quality-measurement-in-surgery-to-include-non-operative-care-results-from-the-acs-nsqip-emergency-general-surgery-pilot
#5
Michael W Wandling, Clifford Y Ko, Paul E Bankey, Chris Cribari, H Gill Cryer, Jose J Diaz, Therese M Duane, S Morad Hameed, Matthew M Hutter, Michael H Metzler, Justin L Regner, Patrick M Reilly, H David Reines, Jason L Sperry, Kristan L Staudenmayer, Garth H Utter, Marie L Crandall, Karl Y Bilimoria, Avery B Nathens
BACKGROUND: Patients managed non-operatively have been excluded from risk-adjusted benchmarking programs, including the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). Consequently, optimal performance evaluation is not possible for specialties like emergency general surgery (EGS) where non-operative management is common. We developed a multi-institutional EGS clinical data registry within ACS NSQIP that includes patients managed non-operatively to evaluate variability in non-operative care across hospitals and identify gaps in performance assessment that occur when only operative cases are considered...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806163/necrotizing-pancreatitis-diagnose-treat-consult
#6
REVIEW
Tiffany Y Chua, R Matthew Walsh, Mark E Baker, Tyler Stevens
Necrosis significantly increases rates of morbidity and mortality in acute pancreatitis. Hospitalists and general internists are on the front lines in identifying severe cases and consulting the appropriate specialists for optimal multidisciplinary care.
August 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803665/-teledermatology-between-two-french-hospitals-two-years-of-experience
#7
C Bertin, A Diakite, B Carton, C Wozniak, S Nathanson, S Monnier, C Sin, M-A Dommergues, J Parigot, F Moreau, M-L Sigal, P Foucaud, A Greder, E Mahé
BACKGROUND: Teledermatology is currently booming. Due to the shortage of dermatologists in hospitals access to dermatological consultations is very limited in some hospitals. We present our experience of collaboration between an expert center, the dermatology department of the Victor-Dupouy Hospital Centre in Argenteuil, and all medical structures under the André-Mignot Hospital in Versailles (CHV), including 2 prison medical centers (UCSA), traditional departments and emergency department...
August 10, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800943/genetic-consultation-embedded-in-a-gynecologic-oncology-clinic-improves-compliance-with-guideline-based-care
#8
Leigha Senter, David M O'Malley, Floor J Backes, Larry J Copeland, Jeffery M Fowler, Ritu Salani, David E Cohn
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the impact of embedding genetic counseling services in gynecologic oncology on clinician referral and patient uptake of cancer genetics services. METHODS: Data were reviewed for a total of 737 newly diagnosed epithelial ovarian cancer patients seen in gynecologic oncology at a large academic medical center including 401 from 11/2011-7/2014 (a time when cancer genetics services were provided as an off-site consultation). These data were compared to data from 8/2014-9/2016 (n=336), when the model changed to the genetics embedded model (GEM), incorporating a cancer genetic counselor on-site in the gynecologic oncology clinic...
August 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800276/enhancing-informed-consent-for-physician-aid-in-dying-potential-role-of-handout-on-possible-benefits-of-palliative-care
#9
Harry Peled, Kathleen E Bickel, Christina Puchalski
In the United States, physician aid in dying (PAD) is now legal in several states. However, neither a requirement for a palliative care (PC) consultation nor a defined education in PC exists for physicians participating in PAD or patients requesting assistance. Patients with advanced chronic and serious illness often experience complex physical, psychosocial, and spiritual distress. PC focuses on relieving this distress and improving patient quality of life through early identification and intervention in all domains of suffering, including physical, psychological, social, and spiritual...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796758/recommendations-for-hiv-screening-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-united-states-2017
#10
Elizabeth A DiNenno, Joseph Prejean, Kathleen Irwin, Kevin P Delaney, Kristina Bowles, Tricia Martin, Amrita Tailor, Gema Dumitru, Mary M Mullins, Angela B Hutchinson, Amy Lansky
CDC's 2006 recommendations for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing state that all persons aged 13-64 years should be screened for HIV at least once, and that persons at higher risk for HIV infection, including sexually active gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM), should be rescreened at least annually (1). Authors of reports published since 2006, including CDC (2), suggested that MSM, a group that is at highest risk for HIV infection, might benefit from being screened more frequently than once each year...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795981/summary-of-the-british-transplantation-society-uk-guidelines-for-hepatitis-e-and-solid-organ-transplantation
#11
Stuart McPherson, Ahmed M Elsharkawy, Michael Ankcorn, Samreen Ijaz, James Powell, Ian Rowe, Richard Tedder, Peter A Andrews
The incidence and prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has increased in many developed countries over the last decade, predominantly due to infection with genotype 3 (G3) HEV. Infection with HEV G3 is important in transplant recipients because it can persist in immunosuppressed individuals, leading if untreated to the development of chronic hepatitis and significant liver fibrosis. The British Transplantation Society (BTS) has developed Guidelines for "Hepatitis E & Solid Organ Transplantation" to inform clinical teams and patients about hepatitis E, to help increase the recognition of persistent hepatitis E infection, and to provide clear guidance on its management...
August 9, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795095/quantitative-exploration-of-factors-influencing-psychotic-disorder-ailments-in-nigeria
#12
Adebowale O Adejumo, Nehemiah A Ikoba, Esivue A Suleiman, Hilary I Okagbue, Pelumi E Oguntunde, Oluwole A Odetunmibi, Obalowu Job
In this data article, records on demographic data, family problem issues, as well as results of medical tests from five major classes of psychotic disorder namely: bipolar; vascular dementia, minimal brain dysfunction; insomnia; and schizophrenia, were collected on 500 psychotic patients carefully selected from the pool of medical records of Yaba Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, for the period of 5 years, between January 2010 and December 2014, were examined. X-squared Statistic was used to examine each of psychotic disorders to identify demographic (age, gender, religion, marital status, and occupation) and family issues (loss of parent, history of such ailment in the family (family status), divorce, head injury, and heredity of such ailment (genetic) factors that influence them...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793380/non-pharmacological-approaches-for-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#13
REVIEW
Laura E Legere, Susan McNeill, Lori Schindel Martin, Michelle Acorn, Diana An
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence on non-pharmacological approaches to care for behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in older adults. BACKGROUND: Dementia is increasing in worldwide prevalence and can have severe and life-altering impacts on older adults. Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia can occur as a result of unmet needs and are distressing for family and caregivers. Many reviews have examined specific approaches to behaviours, but few have compared interventions for effectiveness and applicability across settings...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789755/measuring-resilience-in-two-generations-psychometric-properties-of-available-instruments
#14
Marlene Z Cohen, Kevin A Kupzyk, Lyn M Holley, Rabbi Mendel Katzman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study examines measures of resilience to identify the best available measure for future research to assess efficacy of a low-cost intervention that enhances resilience of older adults and youth (i.e., intergenerational transfer of ethnic culture). METHODS: Scanning the literature produced no obvious choice; 3 measures showed promise: the Wagnild-Young Resilience Scale, Windle-Markland-Woods Psychological Resilience Scale, and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC); 200 ethnicityalike older adults and 192 youths completed all three scales...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782660/evaluation-and-management-of-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#15
Rula V Kanj, Nana Ama Ofei-Tenkorang, Mekibib Altaye, Catherine M Gordon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical features associated with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and collect data on the evaluation and treatment received. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. Data abstracted on etiology of POI, history, laboratory evaluation, imaging results, return for clinical care, and treatment plans. SETTING: Urban children's hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio. PARTICIPANT: s: 50 females, age 11-26 years, with initial presentation of POI between January 1, 2006-December 31, 2015...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782502/society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-smfm-consult-series-43-hepatitis-c-in-pregnancy-screening-treatment-and-management
#16
Brenna L Hughes, Charlotte M Page, Jeffrey A Kuller
In the United States, 1-2.5% of pregnant women are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), which carries an approximately 5% risk of transmission from mother to infant. HCV can be transmitted to the infant in utero or during the peripartum period, and infection during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of adverse fetal outcomes, including fetal growth restriction and low birth weight. The purpose of this document is to discuss the current evidence regarding HCV in pregnancy and to provide recommendations on screening, treatment, and management of this disease during pregnancy...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781881/early-health-technology-assessment-of-magnetic-resonance-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-early-stage-breast-cancer
#17
Floortje M Knuttel, Sèvrin E M Huijsse, Talitha L Feenstra, Chrit T W Moonen, Maurice A A J van den Bosch, Erik Buskens, Marcel J W Greuter, Geertruida H de Bock
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU) ablation is in development for minimally invasive treatment of breast cancer. Cost-effectiveness has not been assessed yet. An early health technology assessment was performed to estimate costs of MR-HIFU ablation, compared to breast conserving treatment (BCT). METHODS: An MR-HIFU treatment model using the dedicated MR-HIFU breast system (Sonalleve, Philips Healthcare) was developed...
2017: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780876/the-pituri-learning-circle-central-australian-aboriginal-women-s-knowledge-and-practices-around-the-use-of-i-nicotiana-i-spp-as-a-chewing-tobacco
#18
Angela M Ratsch, Andrea Mason, Linda Rive, Fiona E Bogossian, Kathryn J Steadman
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoking has a range of known and predictable adverse outcomes, and across the world sustained smoking reduction campaigns are targeted towards reducing individual and public risk and harm. Conversely, more than 87 million women, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, use smokeless tobacco, yet the research examining the effect of this form of tobacco exposure on women is remarkably scant. In central Australia, the chewing of wild <i>Nicotiana</i> spp...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780539/integrating-the-perspectives-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-their-family-caregivers-and-healthcare-professionals-from-the-time-of-rehabilitation-admission-to-community-reintegration-protocol-for-a-scoping-study-on-sci-needs
#19
Alexander Moreno, Diana Zidarov, Chandhana Raju, Jill Boruff, Sara Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: There is fragmented information about the different needs following a spinal cord injury (SCI). Expressed SCI needs can be met or unmet, they change along the rehabilitation continuum (eg, acute, rehabilitation and reintegration into the community) and can be different for traumatic and non traumatic SCI. The general objective of this scoping study is to evaluate and integrate the needs of individuals with traumatic and non-traumatic SCI, their family caregivers and those reported by rehabilitation professionals from the time of rehabilitation admission to community reintegration...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780302/systematic-assessment-reveals-lack-of-understandability-for-prostate-biopsy-online-patient-education-materials
#20
Kimberly A Maciolek, David F Jarrard, E Jason Abel, Sara L Best
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy, readability, understandability and actionability of internet patient education materials (PEM) about transrectal ultrasound-guided (TRUS) prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive internet search was performed to find PEM with pre- or post-biopsy instructions. PEM that were duplicates, government affiliated, international, or video-based were excluded. Biopsy instructions were evaluated for accuracy and presence of essential topics...
August 2, 2017: Urology
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