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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346635/a-scoping-study-of-frameworks-for-adapting-public-health-evidence-based-interventions
#1
Cam Escoffery, Erin Lebow-Skelley, Hallie Udelson, Elaine A Böing, Richard Wood, Maria E Fernandez, Patricia D Mullen
Evidence-based public health translation of research to practice is essential to improve the public's health. Dissemination and implementation researchers have explored what happens once practitioners adopt evidence-based interventions (EBIs) and have developed models and frameworks to describe the adaptation process. This scoping study identified and summarized adaptation frameworks in published reports and grey literature. We followed the recommended steps of a scoping study: (a) identifying the research question; (b) identifying relevant studies; (c) selecting studies; (d) charting the data; (e) collating, summarizing, and reporting the results; and (f) consulting with experts...
January 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345553/quality-and-variability-of-patient-directions-in-electronic-prescriptions-in-the-ambulatory-care-setting
#2
Yuze Yang, Stacy Ward-Charlerie, Ajit A Dhavle, Michael T Rupp, James Green
BACKGROUND: The prescriber's directions to the patient (Sig) are one of the most quality-sensitive components of a prescription order. Owing to their free-text format, the Sig data that are transmitted in electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions) have the potential to produce interpretation challenges at receiving pharmacies that may threaten patient safety and also negatively affect medication labeling and patient counseling. Ensuring that all data transmitted in the e-prescription are complete and unambiguous is essential for minimizing disruptions in workflow at prescribers' offices and receiving pharmacies and optimizing the safety and effectiveness of patient care...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344355/impact-of-an-antifungal-stewardship-intervention-on-optimization-of-candidemia-management
#3
Hana Rac, Jamie L Wagner, S Travis King, Katie E Barber, Kayla R Stover
Background: Candidemia represents a leading cause of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections with significant morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have demonstrated that comprehensive care bundles improve candidemia management but are time-consuming. Objective: To determine the impact of a one-time targeted candidemia intervention on time to initiation of adequate therapy compared to standard of care. Methods: This Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved, quasi-experiment evaluated a targeted candidemia intervention involving a single phone call to the primary team providing recommendations for care...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342165/increased-colon-cancer-risk-after-severe-salmonella-infection
#4
Lapo Mughini-Gras, Michael Schaapveld, Jolanda Kramers, Sofie Mooij, E Andra Neefjes-Borst, Wilfrid van Pelt, Jacques Neefjes
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer constitutes one of the most frequent malignancies. Previous studies showed that Salmonella manipulates host cell signaling pathways and that Salmonella Typhimurium infection facilitates colon cancer development in genetically predisposed mice. This epidemiological study examined whether severe Salmonella infection, usually acquired from contaminated food, is associated with increased colon cancer risk in humans. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a nationwide registry-based study to assess colon cancer risk after diagnosed Salmonella infection...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339930/research-evaluation-support-services-in-biomedical-libraries
#5
Karen Elizabeth Gutzman, Michael E Bales, Christopher W Belter, Thane Chambers, Liza Chan, Kristi L Holmes, Ya-Ling Lu, Lisa A Palmer, Rebecca C Reznik-Zellen, Cathy C Sarli, Amy M Suiter, Terrie R Wheeler
Objective: The paper provides a review of current practices related to evaluation support services reported by seven biomedical and research libraries. Methods: A group of seven libraries from the United States and Canada described their experiences with establishing evaluation support services at their libraries. A questionnaire was distributed among the libraries to elicit information as to program development, service and staffing models, campus partnerships, training, products such as tools and reports, and resources used for evaluation support services...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339297/the-experiences-and-perspectives-of-implementing-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-five-french-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#6
Anne Perozziello, Christelle Routelous, Esmita Charani, Alice Truel, Gabriel Birgand, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, François-Xavier Lescure, Jean-Christophe Lucet
OBJECTIVE: To describe current antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) in France, both at policy level and at local implementation level, and to assess how ASP leaders (ASPL) worked and prioritised their activities. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study based on face-to-face semi-structured interviews with healthcare professionals responsible for ASP across five French hospitals. Five infectious disease specialists and one microbiologist were interviewed between April and June 2016...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337127/-epidemiology-of-emergency-consultations-for-acute-urine-retention
#7
J Gas, A Liaigre-Ramos, J B Beauval, M Roumiguié, V Tostivint, P-M Patard, E Huyghe, M Soulié, S Charpentier, X Gamé
INTRODUCTION: Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a common reason for emergency consultation. It may be spontaneous or precipitated and affects both men and women. The purpose of this study was to determine the profile of men visiting emergency departments for an AUR. MATERIEL AND METHODS: A retrospective monocentric study including all men who consulted the emergency department between January 2014 and December 2016 for AUR was conducted. RESULTS: In 3 years, 731 patients were admitted for AUR (611 men and 120 women)...
January 11, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334962/developing-a-tablet-computer-based-application-app-to-measure-self-reported-alcohol-consumption-in-indigenous-australians
#8
K S Kylie Lee, Scott Wilson, Jimmy Perry, Robin Room, Sarah Callinan, Robert Assan, Noel Hayman, Tanya Chikritzhs, Dennis Gray, Edward Wilkes, Peter Jack GradDipIndigH, Katherine M Conigrave
BACKGROUND: The challenges of assessing alcohol consumption can be greater in Indigenous communities where there may be culturally distinct approaches to communication, sharing of drinking containers and episodic patterns of drinking. This paper discusses the processes used to develop a tablet computer-based application ('App') to collect a detailed assessment of drinking patterns in Indigenous Australians. The key features of the resulting App are described. METHODS: An iterative consultation process was used (instead of one-off focus groups), with Indigenous cultural experts and clinical experts...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334519/the-most-common-causes-of-eye-pain-at-2-tertiary-ophthalmology-and-neurology-clinics
#9
Randy C Bowen, Jan N Koeppel, Chance D Christensen, Karisa B Snow, Junjie Ma, Bradley J Katz, Howard R Krauss, Klara Landau, Judith E A Warner, Alison V Crum, Dominik Straumann, Kathleen B Digre
BACKGROUND: Eye pain is a common complaint, but no previous studies have determined the most common causes of this presenting symptom. Our objective was to determine the most common causes of eye pain in 2 ophthalmology and neurology departments at academic medical centers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis and chart review at the departments of ophthalmology and neurology at the University Hospital Zurich (USZ), University of Zürich, Switzerland, and the University of Utah (UU), USA...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332133/fumarate-hydratase-fh-deficiency-in-uterine-leiomyomas-recognition-by-histological-features-versus-blind-immunoscreening
#10
Lisa Siegler, Ramona Erber, Stefanie Burghaus, Tobias Brodkorb, David Wachter, Nafisa Wilkinson, James Bolton, Helen Stringfellow, Florian Haller, Matthias W Beckmann, Arndt Hartmann, Abbas Agaimy
Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by germline mutations in the fumarate hydratase (FH) gene. Affected individuals develop cutaneous and uterine leiomyomas and aggressive RCC. To date, only few publications described the frequency and morphology of FH-deficient uterine leiomyomas. We reviewed 22 cases collected over 8 years from routine and consultation files based on distinctive histological features. In addition, we screened 580 consecutive uterine leiomyomas from 484 patients, 23 extra-uterine and 8 uterine leiomyosarcomas, and 6 leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei for FH loss using immunohistochemistry (IHC) on tissue microarrays (TMAs)...
January 13, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331086/current-management-of-small-bowel-obstruction-in-the-uk-results-from-the-national-audit-of-small-bowel-obstruction-clinical-practice-survey
#11
Matthew J Lee, Adele E Sayers, Timothy R Wilson, Austin G Acheson, Iain D Anderson, Nicola S Fearnhead
AIM: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The National Audit of Small Bowel Obstruction (NASBO) is a collaboration between trainees and specialty associations to improve the care of patients with SBO through national clinical audit. The aim of this study was to define current Consultant practice preferences in the management of small bowel obstruction in the UK. METHOD: A survey was designed to assess practice preferences of consultant surgeons...
January 13, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330192/nhs-data-show-a-e-patients-waiting-longer-and-big-rise-in-gp-flu-consultations
#12
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#13
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327350/adopting-innovation-in-gynaecology-the-introduction-of-e-consult
#14
Rebecca Mann, Peter H M van de Weijer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of an e-consultation service as part of the triaging and grading process of referrals and to report on the efficacy and safety of such a service. METHODS: All gynaecology e-consults in the study period June 2015 to March 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The outcomes of interest were the initial reduction in first face-to-face hospital visits, and the rate of re-referrals. Acute admission for the same reason, a subsequent diagnosis of underlying (pre)-malignancy, or patient death from the condition related to the index referral were selected as measures for patient safety...
January 12, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326127/skill-sets-required-for-the-management-of-military-head-face-and-neck-trauma-a-multidisciplinary-consensus-statement
#15
John Breeze, R Blanch, J Baden, A M Monaghan, D Evriviades, S E Harrisson, S Roberts, A Gibson, N MacKenzie, D Baxter, A J Gibbons, S Heppell, J G Combes, R F Rickard
INTRODUCTION: The evolution of medical practice is resulting in increasing subspecialisation, with head, face and neck (HFN) trauma in a civilian environment usually managed by a combination of surgical specialties working as a team. However, the full combination of HFN specialties commonly available in the NHS may not be available in future UK military-led operations, necessitating the identification of a group of skill sets that could be delivered by one or more deployed surgeons. METHOD: A systematic review was undertaken to identify those surgical procedures performed to treat acute military head, face, neck and eye trauma...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325790/how-do-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons-manage-concussion
#16
D Hammond, R Welbury, G Sammons, E Toman, M Harland, S Rice
Craniofacial trauma results in distracting injuries that are easy to see, and as oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS) we gravitate towards injuries that can be seen and are treatable surgically. However, we do tend not to involve ourselves (and may potentially overlook) injuries that are not obvious either visually or radiographically, and concussion is one such. We reviewed the records of 500 consecutive patients who presented with facial fractures at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, to identify whether patients had been screened for concussion, and how they had been managed...
January 8, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324594/intraoperative-and-postoperative-complications-in-phacovitrectomy-for-epiretinal-membrane-and-macular-hole-a-clinical-audit-of-1000-consecutive-eyes
#17
Mark A P Fajgenbaum, James E Neffendorf, Roger S Wong, David A H Laidlaw, Tom H Williamson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report the intraoperative and postoperative complications of phacovitrectomy for epiretinal membrane (ERM) and macular hole (MH). METHODS: This was a retrospective audit of 1,052 phacovitrectomy operations (410 for ERM and 642 for MH) by the same surgical team between 1998 and 2017. Outcome measures included rates of intraoperative anterior segment and posterior segment complications such as posterior capsule rupture and retinal breaks...
January 10, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324544/gestational-trophoblastic-disease-electronic-consults-what-do-patients-and-physicians-want-to-know
#18
Roni Nitecki, Ross S Berkowitz, Kevin M Elias, Donald P Goldstein, Neil S Horowitz
OBJECTIVES: Given the rarity of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD), specialized regional and national centers for GTD have been established. These centers serve at least 3 purposes: to improve care for women with GTD, to enhance research though collaboration, and to educate other clinicians. This study was undertaken to understand the potential GTD knowledge gap by examining both patient and physician inquiries received at a specialized GTD center. METHODS: All electronic consults received by specialists at our center between March 2016 and March 2017 were analyzed...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323836/segmental-arterial-mediolysis-an-unusual-case-mistaken-to-be-a-strangulated-hernia
#19
Russell D Japikse, James E Sevenson, Perry J Pickhardt, Michael D Repplinger
INTRODUCTION: Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a rare nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vasculopathy causing arterial wall necrosis that leads to strictures, dissections, and aneurysms, particularly in medium-sized abdominal arteries. Awareness of SAM is important because, unlike vasculitides, immunosuppressive treatment may worsen the disease process. CASE: A 58-year-old man with multiple medical comorbidities presented with acute epigastric pain and a right incarcerated inguinal hernia that was interpreted as showing bowel strangulation on computed tomography...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323228/relationships-between-type-of-pain-and-work-participation-in-people-with-long-standing-spinal-cord-injury-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ellen H Roels, Michiel F Reneman, Janneke Stolwijk-Swuste, Charlotte C van Laake-Geelen, Sonja de Groot, Jacinthe J E Adriaansen, Marcel W M Post
STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre, cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the relationships between the presence of (different types of) pain and participation in paid work in people with long-standing spinal cord injury (SCI). Furthermore, the associations of pain-related work limitations, age, gender, relationship, education, lesion level, and time since injury (TSI) with work participation (WP) were investigated. SETTING: The Netherlands...
January 11, 2018: Spinal Cord
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