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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107348/predicting-length-of-stay-among-patients-discharged-from-the-emergency-department-using-an-accelerated-failure-time-model
#1
Chung-Hsien Chaou, Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Shu-Hui Chang, Petrus Tang, Shin-Liang Pan, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Te-Fa Chiu
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) crowding continues to be an important health care issue in modern countries. Among the many crucial quality indicators for monitoring the throughput process, a patient's length of stay (LOS) is considered the most important one since it is both the cause and the result of ED crowding. The aim of this study is to identify and quantify the influence of different patient-related or diagnostic activities-related factors on the ED LOS of discharged patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103892/prehospital-intravenous-fentanyl-to-patients-with-hip-fracture-an-observational-cohort-study-of-risk-factors-for-analgesic-non-treatment
#2
Kristian D Friesgaard, Erika F Christensen, Hans Kirkegaard, Mette D Bendtsen, Flemming B Jensen, Lone Nikolajsen
BACKGROUND: Patients with proximal femoral neck fracture have a high short-term mortality, a high risk of postoperative complications, and impaired quality of life. One of the challenges related to the prehospital treatment of these patients is to administer systemic opioids fast and properly. Effective analgesic prehospital treatment ought be initiated rapidly in order to alleviate the stress that follows acute pain, to facilitate transportation, and to improve quality of care. The objectives of this study were to explore the prevalence of prehospital administration of intravenous fentanyl to patients with proximal femoral neck fracture in the ambulances and to assess risk factors for analgesic non-treatment...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103816/use-of-a-self-rating-scale-to-monitor-depression-severity-in-recurrent-gp-consultations-in-primary-care-does-it-really-make-a-difference-a-randomised-controlled-study
#3
C Wikberg, J Westman, E-L Petersson, M E H Larsson, M André, R Eggertsen, J Thorn, H Ågren, C Björkelund
BACKGROUND: Little information is available about whether the use of self-assessment instruments in primary care affects depression course and outcome. The purpose was to evaluate whether using a depression self-rating scale in recurrent person-centred GP consultations affected depression severity, quality of life, medication use, and sick leave frequency. METHODS: Patients in the intervention group met their GP regularly at least 4 times during the 3 months intervention...
January 19, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099711/introducing-the-world-health-organization-postpartum-family-planning-compendium
#4
Sarita Sonalkar, Mary E Gaffield
The postpartum period offers multiple opportunities for healthcare providers to assist with family planning decision making. However, there are also many changing factors during the first year after delivery that can affect family planning choices. Given that several different documents have addressed WHO guidance on postpartum family planning, the electronic WHO Postpartum Family Planning Compendium (http://srhr.org/postpartumfp) has been introduced. This resource integrates essential guidance on postpartum family planning for clinicians, program managers, and policy makers...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097406/the-uk-experience-of-promoting-dementia-recognition-and-management-in-primary-care
#5
Steve Iliffe, Jane Wilcock
BACKGROUND: The early and timely recognition of dementia syndrome is a policy imperative in many countries. In the UK the achievement of earlier and timelier recognition has been pursued through educational interventions, incentivisation of general practitioners and the promotion of a network of memory clinics. OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of education, incentivisation and memory clinic activity are unknown. This article analyses data from different sources to evaluate the impact of these interventions on the incidence and prevalence of dementia, and the diagnostic performance of memory clinics...
January 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090345/electronically-captured-patient-reported-physical-function-an-important-vital-sign-in-obesity-medicine
#6
J Fleming, G C Wood, C Seiler, A Cook, M R Lent, C D Still, P N Benotti, B A Irving
OBJECTIVES: Impaired physical function (i.e., inability to walk 200 feet, climb a flight of stairs or perform activities of daily living) predicts poor clinical outcomes and adversely impacts medical and surgical weight management. However, routine assessment physical function is seldom performed clinically. The PROMIS Physical Function Short Form 20a (SF-20a) is a validated questionnaire for assessing patient reported physical function, which includes published T-score percentiles adjusted for gender, age and education...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090199/mastr-ms-a-web-based-collaborative-laboratory-information-management-system-lims-for-metabolomics
#7
Adam Hunter, Saravanan Dayalan, David De Souza, Brad Power, Rodney Lorrimar, Tamas Szabo, Thu Nguyen, Sean O'Callaghan, Jeremy Hack, James Pyke, Amsha Nahid, Roberto Barrero, Ute Roessner, Vladimir Likic, Dedreia Tull, Antony Bacic, Malcolm McConville, Matthew Bellgard
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of research laboratories and core analytical facilities around the world are developing high throughput metabolomic analytical and data processing pipelines that are capable of handling hundreds to thousands of individual samples per year, often over multiple projects, collaborations and sample types. At present, there are no Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) that are specifically tailored for metabolomics laboratories that are capable of tracking samples and associated metadata from the beginning to the end of an experiment, including data processing and archiving, and which are also suitable for use in large institutional core facilities or multi-laboratory consortia as well as single laboratory environments...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089308/physicians-views-and-experiences-of-discussing-weight-management-within-routine-clinical-consultations-a-thematic-synthesis
#8
REVIEW
Anne Dewhurst, Sarah Peters, Angela Devereux-Fitzgerald, Jo Hart
OBJECTIVE: To systematically search and synthesise qualitative studies of physicians' views and experiences of discussing weight management within a routine consultation. METHODS: A systematic search of four electronic databases identified 11,169 articles of which 16 studies met inclusion criteria. Quality was appraised using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool and a thematic synthesis conducted of extracted data. RESULTS: Four analytical themes were found: (1) physicians' pessimism about patients' weight loss success (2) physicians' feel hopeless and frustrated (3) the dual nature of the physician-patient relationship (4) who should take responsibility for weight management...
December 21, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087054/care-pathway-of-patients-with-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-in-daily-practice-in-france-results-from-the-repere-national-survey
#9
Pascal Hammel, Romain Coriat, Gérard Lledo, Mariella de Bausset, Marion Selosse, Stéphane Obled, Franck Bonnetain
Data in the literature regarding the care pathway of pancreatic cancer patients are limited. The objective of the REPERE survey was to identify and describe the initial stages of the care pathway of pancreatic patients in the metastatic phase. From May to October 2015, 62 oncologists (ON) or gastroenterologists specialized in digestive oncology (GESDO) and 300 general practitioners (GP) completed an electronic questionnaire on the pathway of 728 patients recently diagnosed with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
January 10, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086961/longitudinal-multiple-imputation-approaches-for-body-mass-index-or-other-variables-with-very-low-individual-level-variability-the-mibmi-command-in-stata
#10
Evangelos Kontopantelis, Rosa Parisi, David A Springate, David Reeves
BACKGROUND: In modern health care systems, the computerization of all aspects of clinical care has led to the development of large data repositories. For example, in the UK, large primary care databases hold millions of electronic medical records, with detailed information on diagnoses, treatments, outcomes and consultations. Careful analyses of these observational datasets of routinely collected data can complement evidence from clinical trials or even answer research questions that cannot been addressed in an experimental setting...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078462/assessment-of-predictive-factors-for-recurrence-in-laparoscopic-ventral-hernia-repair-using-a-bridging-technique
#11
P Hauters, J Desmet, D Gherardi, S Dewaele, H Poilvache, P Malvaux
AIM: To assess the long-term incidence and predictive factors for recurrence after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair using a bridging technique. METHODS: The study group consisted of 213 consecutive patients operated by laparoscopy for primary ventral (n = 158) or incisional hernia (n = 55) between 2001 and 2014. Patients had a repair without fascia closure by intra-peritoneal onlay placement of a Parietex(®) composite mesh centred on the defect with an overlap of at least 3 cm...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077751/performance-of-health-workers-using-an-electronic-algorithm-for-the-management-of-childhood-illness-in-tanzania-a-pilot-implementation-study
#12
Clotilde Rambaud-Althaus, Amani Shao, Josephine Samaka, Ndeniria Swai, Seneca Perri, Judith Kahama-Maro, Marc Mitchell, Valérie D'Acremont, Blaise Genton
In low-resource settings, where qualified health workers (HWs) are scarce and childhood mortality high, rational antimicrobial prescription for childhood illnesses is a challenge. To assess whether smartphones running guidelines, as compared with paper support, improve consultation process and rational use of medicines for children, a pilot cluster-randomized controlled study was conducted in Tanzania. Nine primary health-care facilities (HFs) were randomized into three arms: 1) paper algorithm, 2) electronic algorithm on a smartphone, and 3) control...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077345/tips-and-traps-lessons-from-codesigning-a-clinician-e-monitoring-tool-for-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#13
Frederick Sundram, Susan J Hawken, Karolina Stasiak, Mathijs Fg Lucassen, Theresa Fleming, Matthew Shepherd, Andrea Greenwood, Raechel Osborne, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) is an acceptable and promising treatment modality for adolescents with mild-to-moderate depression. Many cCBT programs are standalone packages with no way for clinicians to monitor progress or outcomes. We sought to develop an electronic monitoring (e-monitoring) tool in consultation with clinicians and adolescents to allow clinicians to monitor mood, risk, and treatment adherence of adolescents completing a cCBT program called SPARX (Smart, Positive, Active, Realistic, X-factor thoughts)...
January 11, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076487/technological-information-regarding-prebiotics-and-probiotics-nutrition-versus-the-patent-registers-what-is-new
#14
José Maciel Caldas Dos Reis, Maurício Fortuna Pinheiro, André Takashi Oti, Denilson José Silva Feitosa-Junior, Mauro de Souza Pantoja, Rui Sérgio Monteiro Barros
Introduction: Food is a key factor both in prevention and in promoting human health. Among the functional food are highlighted probiotics and prebiotics. Patent databases are the main source of technological information about innovation worldwide, providing extensive library for research sector. Objective: Perform mapping in the main patent databases about pre and probiotics, seeking relevant information regarding the use of biotechnology, nanotechnology and genetic engineering in the production of these foods...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067568/improving-community-prescribing-of-post-fracture-denosumab-after-discharge
#15
Helen Wood, Harriet Lewis, Rachael Ward, Tarun Solanki, Prabhath Fernando
BACKGROUND: In the UK, denosumab is usually started by hospital clinicians and continued by primary care physicians in the community, but in the authors' region denosumab is a 'green light' drug, only prescribed by the primary care team. The authors suspected that a proportion of patients who were recommended to start the drug after a neck of femur fracture were not receiving this on discharge. They aimed to improve the prescribing of denosumab by implementing a quality improvement project...
January 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062815/content-and-outcomes-of-social-work-consultation-for-patients-with-diabetes-in-primary-care
#16
Andrew J Rabovsky, Michael B Rothberg, Susannah L Rose, Andrei Brateanu, Lei Kou, Anita D Misra-Hebert
PURPOSE: Social workers are positioned to address social determinants of health (SDHs), but their specific roles in outpatient primary care practice have not been well described. We aimed to describe needs of patients with diabetes addressed during social work (SW) consultations and their impact on disease control. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of electronic medical records of 977 patients with diabetes with a SW consultation at 3 primary care internal medicine sites in 2014...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062333/electronic-goals-of-care-alerts-an-innovative-strategy-to-promote-primary-palliative-care
#17
Erin M Haley, Deborah Meisel, Yevgeniy Gitelman, Laura Dingfield, David J Casarett, Nina R O'Connor
CONTEXT: Given the shortage of palliative care specialists, strategies are needed to promote primary palliative care by non-palliative care providers. Electronic reminders are frequently used in medicine to standardize practice, but their effectiveness in encouraging goals of care discussions is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether brief education and electronic alerts increase the frequency of goals of care discussions. METHODS: All general medicine services at a large academic medical center were included...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061509/strategies-to-prevent-or-reduce-gender-bias-in-peer-review-of-research-grants-a-rapid-scoping-review
#18
Andrea C Tricco, Sonia M Thomas, Jesmin Antony, Patricia Rios, Reid Robson, Reena Pattani, Marco Ghassemi, Shannon Sullivan, Inthuja Selvaratnam, Cara Tannenbaum, Sharon E Straus
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on strategies implemented or identified to prevent or reduce gender bias in peer review of research grants. METHODS: Studies of any type of qualitative or quantitative design examining interventions to reduce or prevent gender bias during the peer review of health-related research grants were included. Electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), PsycINFO, Joanna Briggs, the Cochrane Library, Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Reviews, and the Campbell Library were searched from 2005 to April 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059695/a-systematic-scoping-review-of-the-domains-and-innovations-in-secondary-uses-of-digitised-health-related-data
#19
Ann R R Robertson, Ulugbek Nurmatov, Harpreet S Sood, Kathrin Cresswell, Pam Smith, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Substantial investments are being made in health -information -technology (HIT) based on assumptions that these systems will save costs through increased quality, safety and efficiency of care provision. Whilst -short-term -benefits have often proven difficult to demonstrate, there is increasing interest in achieving benefits in the medium and long term through secondary uses of -HIT-derived data. AIMS: We aimed to describe the range of secondary uses of HIT-derived data in the international literature and identify innovative developments of particular relevance to UK policymakers and managers...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059431/evaluation-of-treatment-changes-following-electronic-consultation-to-a-pharmacist-run-urine-drug-testing-service-in-a-veterans-healthcare-system
#20
Michelle M Stammet, Shelley S Spradley
In 2013, the North Florida/South Georgia Veterans Healthcare System established a pharmacist-run urine drug testing (UDT) electronic consultation (e-consult) service to assist providers with interpretation of this useful yet complex clinical tool. This pilot study aimed to classify clinical treatment changes implemented following e-consult to a pharmacist-run UDT service and analyze factors limiting pharmacist intervention postconsultation. One hundred forty-three e-consults were completed in the 2-year study period including interpretation of 190 UDT results classified as expected, unexpected, or not necessarily inappropriate based on prescription profile at time of urine immunoassay test...
November 2016: Journal of Opioid Management
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