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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922724/antenatal-breastfeeding-education-for-increasing-breastfeeding-duration
#1
REVIEW
Pisake Lumbiganon, Ruth Martis, Malinee Laopaiboon, Mario R Festin, Jacqueline J Ho, Mohammad Hakimi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is well recognised as the best food source for infants. The impact of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education on the duration of BF has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education for increasing BF initiation and duration. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register on 1 March 2016, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1966 to 1 March 2016) and Scopus (January 1985 to 1 March 2016)...
December 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921162/multicentre-randomized-trial-of-the-ajust%C3%A2-single-incision-sling-compared-to-the-align%C3%A2-transobturator-tape-sling
#2
Jordi Sabadell, Marta Palau-Gené, Eva Huguet, Anabel Montero-Armengol, Sabina Salicrú, Jose L Poza
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Tension-free suburethral tapes have become the first-line surgical treatment for female stress urinary incontinence. Single-incision midurethral slings (SIMS) were introduced with the aim of offering similar efficacy with reduced morbidity, particularly postoperative pain. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness and complications of the Ajust™ SIMS and the Align™ transobturator tape sling. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial with a noninferiority design...
December 5, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912946/addressing-holistic-healthcare-needs-of-oncology-patients-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-course-within-an-elective-module-designed-for-healthcare-professionals
#3
Nadja Klafke, Angelika Homberg, Katharina Glassen, Cornelia Mahler
BACKGROUND: Patients, and especially oncology patients, increasingly demand information and application of complementary therapies to supplement their conventional medical treatment and follow-up care. Due to the widespread interest in holistic treatment opportunities in oncology populations, healthcare professionals need to be prepared in differentiating evidence-based methods of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) spectrum and how to consult with patients about it. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on the implementation and evaluation of a newly designed module "Complementary and Alternative Medicine in oncological healthcare" in the bachelor degree program Interprofessional Health Care (B...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906919/the-scratch-test-for-identifying-the-lower-liver-edge-is-at-least-as-accurate-as-percussion-and-is-significantly-more-effective-for-young-trainees-a-randomised-comparative-trial
#4
Jesse Fischer, Justin Hegarty, Anna Ashcroft, Christopher Ma Frampton, Murray L Barclay
BACKGROUND: Clinical examination of the liver requires experience to achieve accuracy. The scratch test is a simple technique to identify the lower liver edge and enhance liver palpation, and may be easier for trainees. AIM: We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the scratch test compared to percussion at different levels of medical training. METHOD: Eight examiners, from trainee intern to consultant level, were randomised to scratch or percussion testing, followed by liver palpation, on 50 subjects...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905884/the-efficacy-of-pivmecillinam-3%C3%A2-days-or-5%C3%A2-days%C3%A2-t-i-d-against-community-acquired-uncomplicated-lower-urinary-tract-infections-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-study-protocol
#5
Filip Jansåker, Niels Frimodt-Møller, Lars Bjerrum, Jenny Dahl Knudsen
BACKGROUND: Uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (LUTI) are very common, and presumably around 200,000 female patients are treated for this annually in Denmark. The current Danish national clinical practice guidelines recommend pivmecillinam as a first-line drug (i.e., 400 mg t.i.d. for 3 days). Pivmecillinam is also one of the first-line drugs recommended in the international guidelines for LUTIs (i.e., 400 mg b.i.d. for 5 days). The international recommended duration is based on evidence saying that a 7-day regimen is better than a 3-day regimen...
December 1, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862503/accuracy-of-saline-contrast-sonohysterography-in-detection-of-endometrial-polyps-and-submucosal-leiomyoma-in-women-at-reproductive-age-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Carolina Abdou Bittencourt, Ricardo Dos Santos Simões, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Luiz Fernando Portugal Fuchs, José Maria Soares Junior, Ayrton Roberto Pastore, Edmund Chada Baracat
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the diagnostic accuracy of 2D and 3D saline contrast sonohysterography compared to hysteroscopy in the detection of endometrial polyps and submucosal myomas in women during reproductive age with abnormal uterine bleeding. METHOD: A systematic review of diagnostic studies that compared saline contrast sonohysterography with hysteroscopy was conducted according to the PRISMA and SEDATE recommendations. Only studies that compared two and/or three dimensional saline contrast sonohysterography with hysteroscopy and anatomopathology were included...
November 15, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844477/videolaryngoscopy-versus-direct-laryngoscopy-for-adult-patients-requiring-tracheal-intubation
#7
REVIEW
Sharon R Lewis, Andrew R Butler, Joshua Parker, Tim M Cook, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Successful tracheal intubation during general anaesthesia traditionally requires a line of sight to the larynx attained by positioning the head and neck and using a laryngoscope to retract the tongue and soft tissues of the floor of the mouth. Difficulties with intubation commonly arise, and alternative laryngoscopes that use digital and/or fibreoptic technology have been designed to improve visibility when airway difficulty is predicted or encountered. Among these devices, a rigid videolaryngoscope (VLS) uses a blade to retract the soft tissues and transmits a lighted video image to a screen...
November 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828613/morbidity-utilization-of-curative-care-and-service-entry-point-preferences-in-metropolitan-centro-habana-cuba
#8
Armando Rodríguez, Addys Díaz, Susana Balcindes, René García, Pol De Vos, Patrick Van der Stuyft
First-line health services with a primary health care approach are a strong trigger for adequate health-care-seeking behavior. Research on the association between prevalence of chronic diseases and acute illnesses and use of health services emphasizes the importance of socioeconomic determinants in such patterns of utilization. In a cross-sectional study of 408 families in Centro Habana, Cuba, home interviews were conducted between April and June 2010 to analyze socio-demographic determinants of acute and chronic health problems and use of formal health services...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818117/-induced-abortion-guidelines-for-clinical-practice%C3%A2-%C3%A2-text-of-the-guidelines-short-text
#9
C Vayssière, A Gaudineau, L Attali, K Bettahar, S Eyraud, P Faucher, P Fournet, D Hassoun, M Hatchuel, C Jamin, B Letombe, T Linet, M Msika Razon, A Ohanessian, H Segain, S Vigoureux, N Winer, S Wylomanski, A Agostini
OBJECTIVE: Develop recommendations for the practice of induced abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign Gyn-Obs societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: The number of induced abortions (IA) has been stable for several decades. There are a lot of factors explaining the choice of abortion when there is an unplanned pregnancy (UPP). Early initiation and choice of contraception in connection to the woman's life are associated with lower NSP...
November 3, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809374/the-process-of-patient-enablement-in-general-practice-nurse-consultations-a-grounded-theory-study
#10
Jane Desborough, Michelle Banfield, Christine Phillips, Jane Mills
AIM: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the process of patient enablement in general practice nursing consultations. BACKGROUND: Enhanced roles for general practice nurses may benefit patients through a range of mechanisms, one of which may be increasing patient enablement. In studies with general practitioners enhanced patient enablement has been associated with increases in self-efficacy and skill development. DESIGN: This study used a constructivist grounded theory design...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798663/epidemiology-of-blood-stream-infection-due-to-candida-species-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-japan-over-12-years-importance-of-peripheral-line-associated-candidemia
#11
Masahiro Ishikane, Kayoko Hayakawa, Satoshi Kutsuna, Nozomi Takeshita, Norio Ohmagari
BACKGROUND: Candidemia is an important cause of mortality in healthcare settings. Peripheral lines are a source of candidemia, yet few studies have reported on the clinico-epidemiological features of candidemia due to peripheral-line associated blood stream infection (PLABSI). METHODS: We conducted a single-centre retrospective cohort study of all patients with candidemia between 2002 and 2013. PLABSI was defined as the presence of at least one of the following: the presence of phlebitis or the resolution of clinical symptoms after peripheral-line withdrawal, with careful exclusion of an alternative explanation for bacteraemia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793171/evaluation-of-a-patient-decision-aid-for-initiating-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs
#12
Ingrid Nota, Constance H C Drossaert, Erik Taal, Harald E Vonkeman, Cees J Haagsma, Mart A F J van de Laar
BACKGROUND: According to international guidelines, treatment of inflammatory arthritis should be based on a shared decision between patient and rheumatologist. Furthermore, patients with inflammatory arthritis have high need of information and want to be more actively involved in medical decision-making. To facilitate shared decision-making and support patients in choosing between disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), a web-based patient decision aid (PtDA) was developed. This study evaluated use, appreciation and effect of this PtDA...
October 28, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785467/prospective-study-of-158-adult-scoliosis-treated-by-a-bivalve-polyethylene-overlapping-brace-and-reviewed-at-least-5%C3%A2-years-after-brace-fitting
#13
Jean Claude de Mauroy, Cyril Lecante, Frédéric Barral, Sophie Pourret
BACKGROUND: The conservative orthopaedic treatment of adult scoliosis is very disappointing. In a series of 144 patients; only 25 % (33 cases) were monitored at 2 years of treatment. (Papadopoulos 2013). Thereby the literature typically focuses on a small number of patients, which limits the usefulness and relevance of its results. The brace effect on pain has been systematically described, but there is no publication on the effect of treatment on the Cobb angle and main clinical parameters...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782297/botulinum-toxin-type-a-versus-botulinum-toxin-type-b-for-cervical-dystonia
#14
REVIEW
Gonçalo S Duarte, Mafalda Castelão, Filipe B Rodrigues, Raquel E Marques, Joaquim Ferreira, Cristina Sampaio, Austen P Moore, João Costa
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2003. Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia and is a disabling disorder characterised by painful involuntary head posturing. There are two available formulations of botulinum toxin, with botulinum toxin type A (BtA) usually considered the first line therapy for this condition. Botulinum toxin type B (BtB) is an alternative option, with no compelling theoretical reason why it might not be as- or even more effective - than BtA...
October 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782017/family-and-practitioner-perspectives-on-telehealth-for-services-to-young-children-with-autism
#15
Teresa Iacono, Cheryl Dissanayake, David Trembath, Kristelle Hudry, Shane Erickson, Jo Spong
Telehealth offers the potential to address inequalities in autism service access for young children living in regional and rural areas with limited access to autism specialists. Our aim was to explore parent and practitioner uses of technology, and views about telehealth, including perceived barriers, for autism early intervention service delivery in a regional town in Australia. Fifteen mothers and 19 front-line autism practitioners completed surveys distributed by local autism service and support providers in the regional town; eight front-line practitioners from one service participated in interviews...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780653/clinical-mimics-an-emergency-medicine-focused-review-of-stroke-mimics
#16
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability and most commonly presents with focal neurologic deficit within a specific vascular distribution. Several other conditions may present in a similar manner. OBJECTIVES: This review provides emergency providers with an understanding of stroke mimics, use of thrombolytics in these mimics, and keys to differentiate true stroke from mimic. DISCUSSION: Stroke has significant morbidity and mortality, and the American Heart Association emphasizes rapid recognition and aggressive treatment for patients with possible stroke-like symptoms, including thrombolytics...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747725/high-dose-verapamil-in-episodic-and-chronic-cluster-headaches-and-cardiac-adverse-events-is-it-as-safe-as-we-think
#17
Joachim Alexandre, Xavier Humbert, Marion Sassier, Paul Milliez, Antoine Coquerel, Sophie Fedrizzi
Cluster headache (CH) is a primary headache disorder with relatively effective treatments. Although few sufficiently controlled trials are available, verapamil is recommended as the first-line prophylactic drug for CH by the French Headache Society (with a low level of evidence, level B) and by the EFNS (European Federation of Neurological Societies, level A). Daily doses of more than 480 mg (and up to 1200 mg daily) are frequently used off-label, while 360 mg daily is the only dosage to have demonstrated its effectiveness in a double-blind trial against placebo, and the usual label posology used by cardiologists is 240 mg daily in hypertension...
December 2015: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731014/first-consultant-nurses-to-take-posts-on-front-line
#18
Steven Black
SCOTLAND'S first three consultantnurses are to be in public health, midwifery and services for olderpeople. Two will be based in the Greater Glasgow Health Boardarea, the third in Forth Valley.
February 16, 2000: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702407/-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-lower-extremity-peripheral-arterial-disease-guideline-and-registry
#19
A Vahl, B Elsman, A van Enst
- Revision of the 2005 guideline 'Diagnostics and treatment of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease' and the development of an audit have instigated a degree of efficiency and transparency for the treatment of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). - The key recommendations are that first-line treatment of patients, who - preferably by means of a consultation in a vascular laboratory - are diagnosed with intermittent claudication, is supervised exercise therapy and secondary prevention. Referral for second-line treatment only needs to occur when invasive therapy is considered, for example when there is insufficient improvement in symptoms or in patients who have or are developing critical ischemia...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695364/health-service-use-among-children-with-and-without-eczema-asthma-and-hay-fever
#20
Lene Hammer-Helmich, Allan Linneberg, Simon Francis Thomsen, Line Tang, Charlotte Glümer
BACKGROUND: Atopic diseases, for example, eczema, asthma, and hay fever, are among the most common chronic diseases of childhood. Knowledge on health service use among children with atopic disease is limited. This study aimed to investigate the total use and costs of health services for children with and without eczema, asthma, and hay fever in a Danish general population. METHODS: We conducted a health survey with four complete birth cohorts from the City of Copenhagen...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
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