keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antibiotic food

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223450/pesticide-degrading-natural-multidrug-resistance-bacterial-flora
#1
REVIEW
Kirubakaran Rangasamy, Murugan Athiappan, Natarajan Devarajan, Gopinath Samykannu, Javid A Parray, K N Aruljothi, Nowsheen Shameem, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Abeer Hashem, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria are a growing threat to humans across the world. Antibiotic resistance is a global problem that has developed through continuous antibiotic use, combinatorial antibiotic use, pesticide-antibiotic cross-resistance, and horizontal gene transfer, as well as various other modes. Pesticide-antibiotic cross-resistance and the subsequent expansion of drug-resistant bacteria are critically documented in this review, the primary focus of which is to assess the impact of indiscriminate pesticide use on the development of microbial communities with parallel pesticide and multidrug resistance...
December 6, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218505/antibacterial-and-antibiofilm-activity-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-traditional-artisanal-milk-cheese-from-northeast-china-against-enteropathogenic-bacteria
#2
Xingyang Cui, Yunjia Shi, Shanshan Gu, Xin Yan, Hongyan Chen, Junwei Ge
The present study aims to investigate the probiotic properties of novel strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from traditional artisanal milk cheese from Northeast China and to explore their antibacterial activity against enteropathogenic bacteria. Of the 321 isolates, 86 exhibited survival in low pH, resistance to pancreatin, and tolerance to bile salts; of these, 12 inhibited the growth of more than seven enteropathogenic bacteria and exhibited antibiofilm activities against Staphylococcus aureus CMCC26003 and/or Escherichia coli CVCC230...
December 7, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216913/food-borne-illness-amongst-health-care-workers-at-a-central-hospital-harare-zimbabwe-2016-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Zvanaka Sithole, Tsitsi Juru, Prosper Chonzi, Donewell Bangure, Gerald Shambira, Notion Tafara Gombe, Mufuta Tshimanga
OBJECTIVES: Health care workers (HCW) at a Central Hospital, were served lunch at the hospital canteen on 12 December 2016. On 12 December 2016 at 1700 h, there was a sudden onset of symptoms suggestive of gastrointestinal illness among HCW. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to determine the cause and the factors associated with illness among the HCW at the hospital. RESULTS: We interviewed 96 respondents. The median incubation period was 6 h (Q1 = 4; Q3 = 12)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215258/plasma-functionalized-solution-a-potent-antimicrobial-agent-for-biomedical-applications-from-antibacterial-therapeutics-to-biomaterial-surface-engineering
#4
Joo Young Park, Sanghoo Park, Wonho Choe, Hae In Yong, Cheorun Jo, Kijung Kim
Deadly diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria and viruses have increasingly victimized humans; thus, the importance of disinfection has increased in medical settings as well as in food and agricultural industries. Plasma contains multiple bactericidal agents, including reactive species, charged particles, and photons, which can have synergistic effects. In particular, the chemicals formed in aqueous solution during plasma exposure have the potential for high antibacterial activity against various bacterial infections...
December 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214048/good-vaccination-practice-it-all-starts-with-a-good-vaccine-storage-temperature
#5
Frédéric Vangroenweghe
Background: Recent introduction of strategies to reduce antibiotic use in food animal production implies an increased use of vaccines in order to prevent the economic impact of several important diseases in swine. Good Vaccination Practice (GVP) is an overall approach on the swine farm aiming to obtain maximal efficacy of vaccination through good storage, preparation and finally correct application to the target animals. In order to have a better insight into GVP on swine farms and the vaccine storage conditions, a survey on vaccination practices was performed on a farmers' fair and temperatures in the vaccine storage refrigerators were measured during farm visits over a period of 1 year...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213998/phenotypic-and-genetic-characterization-of-%C3%AE-lactam-resistance-in-klebsiella-from-retail-chicken-meat-in-mansoura-egypt
#6
Hazem Ramadan, Amal Awad
Background and Objectives: This study was undertaken to characterize antimicrobial resistance phenotypes and genes encoding extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in Klebsiella isolated from retail chicken meat in Mansoura, Egypt. Materials and Methods: Three hundred sixty chicken meat samples from 120 eviscerated chicken carcasses (3 cuts each) collected randomly from local retail chicken shops in Mansoura, Egypt during the period from April to June 2015, were assayed for the presence of Klebsiella by conventional bacteriological methods...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213000/-a-methotrexate-associated-lympholiferative-disorder-patient-with-gastrointestinal-perforation
#7
Yasuo Aota, Tadahito Nonaka, Sei Kimura, Tadahiro Honda, Yuko Okuda, Tsubasa Watanabe, Keitaro Fujiwara, Tomohisa Yokoyama, Yukari Wakabayashi, Michio Sakurai, Akihiko Gotoh
A 70-year-old woman was diagnosed with chronic rheumatoid arthritis and treated with methotrexate and prednisolone. She visited our hospital to determine the cause of her continuous fatigue and fever for the past three weeks. She consumed no food orally and was provided antibiotics because free air was found on computed tomography (CT). Intraperitoneal small lymphadenopathy and swelling of both adrenal glands was also found on CT, and MTX-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) was suspected. Am adrenal gland biopsy showed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) associated with MTX-LPD...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209298/the-gut-entomotype-of-red-palm-weevil-rhynchophorus-ferrugineus-olivier-coleoptera-dryophthoridae-and-their-effect-on-host-nutrition-metabolism
#8
Abrar Muhammad, Ya Fang, Youming Hou, Zhanghong Shi
For invasive insects, the potential roles of gut microbiota in exploiting new food resources and spreading remain elusive. Red palm weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier, is an invasive destructive pest which feeds on nutrient-poor tender tissues and has caused extensive mortality of palm trees. The microbes associated with insects can improve their nutrition assimilation. However, experimental evidence on the interactions between RPW and its gut microbiota is still absent. The aim of this study is to determine the dynamics changes and the bacterial entomotype in the RPW gut and its potential physiological roles...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206925/exploring-fish-microbial-communities-to-mitigate-emerging-diseases-in-aquaculture
#9
Irene de Bruijn, Yiying Liu, Geert F Wiegertjes, Jos M Raaijmakers
Aquaculture is the fastest-growing animal food sector worldwide and expected to further increase to feed the growing human population. However, existing and (re-)emerging diseases are hampering fish and shellfish cultivation and yield. For many diseases, vaccination protocols are not in place and the excessive use of antibiotics and other chemicals is of substantial concern. A more sustainable disease control strategy to protect fish and shellfish from (re-)emerging diseases could be achieved by introduction or augmentation of beneficial microbes...
November 29, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203541/nani-sialidase-can-support-the-growth-and-survival-of-clostridium-perfringens-strain-f4969-using-sialyated-host-macromolecules-mucin-or-caco-2-cells
#10
Jihong Li, Bruce A McClane
Enterotoxin-producing Clostridium perfringens type A strains cause human gastrointestinal (GI) infections, including a very common food poisoning and 5-10% of all antibiotic-associated diarrhea cases. This bacterium can utilize free sialic acid for growth but most sialic acids in the GI tract are sequestered on macromolecules such as the mucin proteins of mucus or glycoconjugates in host cells. However, many C. perfringens strains produce sialidases that might promote growth and survival by generating free sialic acid from those sialyated host macromolecules or by exposing underlying carbohydrates or proteins for digestion by other enzymes...
December 4, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202473/fodmap-diet-modulates-visceral-nociception-by-lipopolysaccharide-mediated-intestinal-inflammation-and-barrier-dysfunction
#11
Shi-Yi Zhou, Merritt Gillilland, Xiaoyin Wu, Pornchai Leelasinjaroen, Guanpo Zhang, Hui Zhou, Bo Ye, Yuanxu Lu, Chung Owyang
Foods high in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) exacerbate symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, their mechanism of action is unknown. We hypothesized that a high-FODMAP (HFM) diet increases visceral nociception by inducing dysbiosis and that the FODMAP-altered gut microbial community leads to intestinal pathology. We fed rats an HFM and showed that HFM increases rat fecal Gram-negative bacteria, elevates lipopolysaccharides (LPS), and induces intestinal pathology, as indicated by inflammation, barrier dysfunction, and visceral hypersensitivity (VH)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201151/complete-genome-sequences-of-clostridium-perfringens-del1-strain-isolated-from-chickens-affected-by-necrotic-enteritis
#12
Charles Li, Xianghe Yan, Hyun S Lillehoj
Background: Clostridium perfringens is ubiquitous in nature. It is a normal inhabitant in the intestinal tract of animals and humans. As the primary etiological agent of gas gangrene, necrosis and bacteremia, C. perfringens causes food poisoning, necrotic enteritis (NE), and even death. Epidemiology research has indicated that the increasing incidence of NE in poultry is associated with the withdrawal of in-feed antibiotic growth promoters in poultry production in response to government regulations...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198740/early-transmissible-ampicillin-resistance-in-zoonotic-salmonella-enterica-serotype-typhimurium-in-the-late-1950s-a-retrospective-whole-genome-sequencing-study
#13
Alicia Tran-Dien, Simon Le Hello, Christiane Bouchier, François-Xavier Weill
BACKGROUND: Ampicillin, the first semi-synthetic penicillin active against Enterobacteriaceae, was released onto the market in 1961. The first outbreaks of disease caused by ampicillin-resistant strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium were identified in the UK in 1962 and 1964. We aimed to date the emergence of this resistance in historical isolates of S enterica serotype Typhimurium. METHODS: In this retrospective, whole-genome sequencing study, we analysed 288 S enterica serotype Typhimurium isolates collected between 1911 and 1969 from 31 countries on four continents and from various sources including human beings, animals, feed, and food...
November 29, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196175/anti-tubercular-and-probiotic-properties-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-isolated-from-koozh-a-traditional-fermented-food-of-south-india
#14
Ameer Khusro, Chirom Aarti, Azger Dusthackeer, Paul Agastian
In the last few years, the demand for the tremendous therapeutic applications of indigenous probiotic bacteria from diversified fermented food products has surged. In view of this, the present study was documented to evaluate the anti-tubercular and probiotic properties of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) indigenous to Koozh, a traditional fermented food product of South India. A total of 18 isolates were purified from Koozh, and tested for anti-tubercular activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv using luciferase reporter phage (LRP) assay...
November 28, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192838/perceived-life-stress-and-anxiety-correlate-with-chronic-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-runners
#15
Patrick B Wilson
Numerous causes of exercise-related gastrointestinal (GI) distress exist but scarce research has evaluated potential psychological causes. Runners (74 men, 76 women) prospectively recorded running duration, intensity (Rating of Perceived Exertion [RPE]), and GI symptoms for 30 days. Six GI symptoms were rated on a 0-10 scale. The percentage of runs over 30 days that participants reported at least one upper, lower, or any GI symptom ≥3 was calculated. After 30 days, participants completed a questionnaire on GI distress triggers (demographics, anthropometrics, experience, analgesic use, antibiotic use, probiotic consumption, fluid/food intake, stress, anxiety)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192561/genetic-engineering-as-a-powerful-tool-to-improve-probiotic-strains
#16
Daniel Bravo, José M Landete
Over the last decade, there has been increasing interest in the use of probiotic microorganisms. However, certain doubts have arisen around probiotics, because of the beneficial effects of these microorganisms are not clear yet, and in many occasions those beneficial effects have not been proven. Therefore, it would be of interest if these probiotic strains were able to acquire new attributes to allow them improve and increase their beneficial characteristics. Genetic engineering can be used for human applications; for instance, the resistance to antibiotics is removed and the probiotic bacteria are modified in its own DNA...
December 1, 2017: Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192201/mechanism-in-external-field-mediated-trapping-of-bacteria-sensitive-to-nanoscale-surface-chemical-structure
#17
Shiho Tokonami, Emi Shimizu, Mamoru Tamura, Takuya Iida
Molecular imprinting technique enables the selective binding of nanoscale target molecules to a polymer film, within which their chemical structure is transcribed. Here, we report the successful production of mixed bacterial imprinted film (BIF) from several food poisoning bacteria by the simultaneous imprinting of their nanoscale surface chemical structures (SCS), and provide highly selective trapping of original micron-scale bacteria used in the production process of mixed BIF even for multiple kinds of bacteria in real samples...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190461/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-single-walled-carbon-nanotube-swcnt-porphyrin-conjugate-for-visible-light-mediated-inactivation-of-staphylococcus-aureus
#18
Upasana Sah, Kajal Sharma, Nivedita Chaudhri, Muniappan Sankar, P Gopinath
Due to the excessive use of antibiotics over the years, the microorganisms have developed resistance to numerous drugs. The growth of multi-resistant organisms (MROs) heads due to the insufficient treatment with the currently available medications which present a great threat to the biotic component of the environment as well as to the food technology sectors. The goal of this research was to develop a nano-composite made up of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and amine-functionalized porphyrin, which could further be used for the anti-microbial studies in presence of visible light showing photodynamic effect to inactivate cells...
November 20, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187579/urinary-tract-infection-antibiotic-trial-study-design-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Romain Basmaci, Konstantinos Vazouras, Julia Bielicki, Laura Folgori, Yingfen Hsia, Theoklis Zaoutis, Mike Sharland
CONTEXT: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) represent common bacterial infections in children. No guidance on the conduct of pediatric febrile UTI clinical trials (CTs) exist. OBJECTIVE: To assess the criteria used for patient selection and the efficacy end points in febrile pediatric UTI CTs. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, Cochrane central databases, and clinicaltrials.gov were searched between January 1, 1990, and November 24, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: We combined Medical Subject Headings terms and free-text terms for "urinary tract infections" and "therapeutics" and "clinical trials" in children (0-18 years), identifying 3086 articles...
November 29, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184370/occurrence-of-virulent-and-antibiotic-resistant-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-in-some-food-products-and-human-stool-in-egypt
#20
Osman Mohamed Hamed, Maha Ahmed Sabry, Nawal A Hassanain, Eman Hamza, Ahmed G Hegazi, Marwa Badawy Salman
Aim: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) represent a severe public health issue worldwide, causing life-threatening diseases in the human gastrointestinal tract. This study aimed to determine the occurrence of virulent and antibiotic-resistant STEC in retail meat and milk products and human stool samples and to characterize the genes encoding for virulence and antibiotic resistance among the identified STEC isolates. Materials and Methods: A total of 260 food samples were randomly collected from retail markets in different localities of El Giza Governorate, Egypt...
October 2017: Veterinary World
keyword
keyword
12093
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"