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journal of american college of surgeons

Jeffrey H Weinreb, Ryu Yoshida, Mark P Cote, Michael B O'Sullivan, Augustus D Mazzocca
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how database use has changed over time in Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery and to inform readers about available databases used in orthopaedic literature. METHODS: An extensive literature search was conducted to identify databases used in Arthroscopy and other orthopaedic literature. All articles published in Arthroscopy between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015, were reviewed. A database was defined as a national, widely available set of individual patient encounters, applicable to multiple patient populations, used in orthopaedic research in a peer-reviewed journal, not restricted by encounter setting or visit duration, and with information available in English...
January 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Bryan T Torres, Ryan K Dover, Joseph A Sapora, Gabriella S Sandberg, Steven C Budsberg
OBJECTIVE: To document the publication rate of abstracts presented at 10 ACVS conferences and report the time required for publication and level of evidence. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: All scientific abstracts published in the ACVS proceedings from 2001 to 2010 were reviewed. The level of evidence of each abstract was evaluated and scored (1-4). Publication information was determined after a broad bibliographic search through multiple online databases...
July 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Lakshmanan Arunachalam, Iain A Hunter, Shane Killeen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and frequency of distorted presentation or "spin" (ie, specific reporting strategies which highlight that the experimental treatment is beneficial, despite a statistically nonsignificant difference for the primary outcome, or distract the reader from statistically nonsignificant results) in published reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with statistically nonsignificant results for primary outcomes in surgical journals. BACKGROUND: Multiple reports have suggested that interpretation of RCT results in medical journals can be distorted by authors of published reports...
June 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Benjamin B Massenburg, Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Eric M Jablonka, Peter J Taub
INTRODUCTION: Ensuring patient safety along with a complete surgical experience for residents is of utmost importance in plastic surgical training. The effect of resident participation on the outcomes of outpatient plastic surgery procedures remains largely unknown. We assess the impact of resident participation on surgical outcomes using a prospective, validated, national database. METHODS: We identified all outpatient procedures performed by plastic surgeons between 2007 and 2012 in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
August 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
James R Wright
CONTEXT: -Prior to 1900, laboratory tests were simple enough to be performed by clinicians on the wards and most pathologists were academicians with little involvement in patient care issues. In the next 2 decades, laboratory test menus expanded rapidly and the increasing complexity of the tests created a potential niche for clinical pathologists (ie, pathologists providing patient-oriented anatomic and clinical pathology services). In the late 1910s and early 1920s, most of these services were provided by mail-order commercial laboratories or state public health laboratories rather than by hospital-based pathologists...
September 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Omar M Ghanem, Richard F Heitmiller
INTRODUCTION: We reviewed the first 100 years of presidential addresses delivered at the fall congress of the American College of Surgeons (ACS). Our hypothesis was that these addresses would be an excellent indicator of the College's position on surgical policy, ethics, methods, and education. METHODS: All ACS presidential addresses from 1913 to 2013 were identified through the ACS archives website. This included the presenter, title, year, and citation if published in a peer reviewed journal...
May 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Lauren Rimoin, Sasha Haberle, Laura DeLong Aspey, Jane M Grant-Kels, Benjamin Stoff
BACKGROUND: Digital photography is pervasive in dermatology. Potential uses include monitoring untreated disease, disease progression and treatment response, evaluating medical and cosmetic treatment, determining surgical sites, educating trainees and colleagues, and publishing reports in scientific journals. However, the nature of use, storage, and informed consent practices for digital photography among dermatologic surgeons has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: This study used a comprehensive survey to elucidate these elements to better define standard practice...
March 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Benjamin B Massenburg, Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Michael J Ingargiola, Jonatan Hernandez Rosa, Peter J Taub
PURPOSE: There are many options for breast reconstruction following a mastectomy, and data on outcomes are greatly needed for both the patient and the care provider. This study aims to identify the prevalence and predictors of adverse outcomes in autologous breast reconstruction in order to better inform patients and surgeons when choosing a surgical technique. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) and identified each autologous breast reconstruction performed between 2005 and 2012...
December 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Benjamin B Massenburg, Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Michael J Ingargiola, Jonatan Hernandez Rosa, Peter J Taub
BACKGROUND: Abdominoplasty (ABP) at the time of hysterectomy (HYS) has been described in the literature since 1986 and is being increasingly requested by patients. However, outcomes of the combined procedure have not been thoroughly explored. METHODS: The authors reviewed the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database and identified each ABP, HYS, and combined ABP-HYS performed between 2005 and 2012. The incidence of complications in each of the three procedures was calculated, and a multiplicative-risk model was used to calculate the probability of a complication for a patient undergoing distinct HYS and ABP on different dates...
October 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Brent C Pottenger, Joseph M Galante, David H Wisner
BACKGROUND: Trauma and emergency surgery continues to evolve as a surgical niche. The simple fact that The Journal of Trauma is now entitled The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery captures this reality. We sought to characterize the niche that trauma and emergency surgeons have occupied during the maturation of the acute care surgery model. METHODS: We analyzed the University Health System Consortium-Association of American Medical Colleges Faculty Practice Solutions Center database for the years 2007 to 2012 for specific current procedural terminology (CPT) codes...
January 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
George A Antoniou, Stavros A Antoniou, Efstratios I Georgakarakos, George S Sfyroeras, George S Georgiadis
BACKGROUND: Dissemination of research findings in the scientific community is reflected by the citation count. Our objective was to investigate the relative citation impact of vascular research studies and identify potential predictors of increased citation rates. METHODS: Articles published in leading journals of vascular and general surgery (Journal of Vascular Surgery, European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Journal of Endovascular Therapy, Annals of Vascular Surgery and Annals of Surgery, British Journal of Surgery, Journal of the American College of Surgeons, and JAMA Surgery) during a 4-month period were identified through electronic databases...
February 2015: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Nina E Glass, Afif N Kulaylat, Feibi Zheng, Carly E Glarner, Konstantinos P Economopoulos, Osama H Hamed, James G Bittner, Joseph V Sakran, Robert D Winfield
BACKGROUND: Contemporary surgical education includes online resources, mobile platform applications, and simulation training. The aim of this study was to characterize educational tools used by surgical residents. METHODS: An anonymous web-based survey was distributed to 9,913 members of the Resident and Associate Society of the American College of Surgeons. RESULTS: We received 773 completed surveys. To prepare for examinations and expand fund of knowledge, most respondents used printed textbooks, online textbooks, and Surgical Council on Resident Education modules, respectively...
January 2015: American Journal of Surgery
Edward Y Kim, Tobias R Chapman, Samuel Ryu, Eric L Chang, Nicholas Galanopoulos, Joshua Jones, Charlotte D Kubicky, Charles P Lee, Bin S Teh, Bryan J Traughber, Catherine Van Poznak, Andrew D Vassil, Kristy Weber, Simon Shek-Man Lo
Bone metastases are a common clinical problem, affecting many types of cancer patients. The presence of tumor in bone can cause significant morbidity including pain, neurological dysfunction, hypercalcemia, and pathological fracture leading to functional loss. The optimal treatment of a patient with bone metastases depends on many factors, including evaluation of the patient's goals of care, performance status, mechanical stability of the affected bone, life expectancy, and overall extent of disease. Treatment options may include radiotherapy, systemic therapies, surgical stabilization, medical pain management, and radiopharmaceuticals...
January 2015: Journal of Palliative Medicine
F Jacob Seagull, Deborah M Rooney
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based education (SBE) has advanced greatly in surgery the past decade, partly through development of validated performance measurement. Standard measures are commonly used to evaluate performance (eg, Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills, Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery, Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills [GOALS]). However, subjective measures are necessary for ensuring content validity during evaluation of novel simulations or simulators...
September 2014: Surgery
Carl J Brown, Marylise Boutros, Andrew Morris, Celia M Divino
The term “evidence-based medicine” was first coined by Sackett and colleagues as “the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.”1 The key to practising evidencebased medicine is applying the best current knowledge to decisions in individual patients. Medical knowledge is continually and rapidly expanding. For clinicians to practise evidence-based medicine, they must have the skills to read and interpret the medical literature so that they can determine the validity, reliability, credibility and utility of individual articles...
June 2014: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
I Antonescu, C L Mueller, G M Fried, M C Vassiliou, N E Mayo, L S Feldman
BACKGROUND: With advances in operative technique and perioperative care, traditional endpoints such as morbidity and mortality provide an incomplete description of surgical outcomes. There is increasing emphasis on the need for patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to evaluate fully the effectiveness and quality of surgical interventions. The objective of this study was to identify the outcomes reported in clinical studies published in high-impact surgical journals and the frequency with which PROs are used...
April 2014: British Journal of Surgery
Stavros A Antoniou, Konstantinos Lasithiotakis, Oliver O Koch, George A Antoniou, Rudolph Pointner, Frank A Granderath
Publication of scientific articles in peer-reviewed medical journals is considered as a measure of research productivity. The aim of the present study was to quantify the research contributions of different countries in minimally invasive surgery and to critically discuss the results under the prism of recent socioeconomic developments. The electronical archives of 4 major surgical journals (Annals of Surgery, British Journal of Surgery, Journal of the American College of Surgeons, and Surgical Endoscopy) were searched between 2009 and 2012...
February 2014: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
David B Hoyt, Diane S Schneidman
Throughout its 100-year history of working to ensure that surgical patients receive safe, high-quality, cost-effective care, the American College of Surgeons has adhered to four key principles: (1) Set the standards to identify and set the highest clinical standards based on the collection of outcomes data and other scientific evidence that can be customized to each patient's condition so that surgeons can offer the right care, at the right time, in the right setting. (2) Build the right infrastructure to provide the highest quality care with surgical facilities having in place appropriate and adequate staffing levels, a reasonable mix of specialists, and the right equipment...
January 2014: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Maziar Khorsandi, Christos Skouras, Rajesh Shah
A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether there is any role for resuscitative emergency department thoracotomy in severe blunt trauma. Emergency thoracotomy is an accepted intervention for patients with penetrating cardiothoracic trauma. However, its role in blunt trauma has been challenged and has been a subject of considerable debate. Altogether, 186 relevant papers were identified, of which 14 represented the best evidence to answer the question...
April 2013: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Saina Attaran, Andrew Chukwuemeka, Prakash P Punjabi, Jon Anderson
A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'do all patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis need surgery?' Seventeen papers were found using the reported search that represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. These studies compared the outcome and survival between surgically and non-surgically treated patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis...
December 2012: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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