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Liver failure diastolic dysfunction

Evangelos Oikonomou, Konstantinos Mourouzis, Petros Fountoulakis, Georgios Angelos Papamikroulis, Gerasimos Siasos, Alexis Antonopoulos, Georgia Vogiatzi, Sotiris Tsalamadris, Manolis Vavuranakis, Dimitris Tousoulis
Heart failure (HF) is a common cardiac syndrome, whose pathophysiology involves complex mechanisms, some of which remain unknown. Diabetes mellitus (DM) constitutes not only a glucose metabolic disorder accompanied by insulin resistance but also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and HF. During the last years though emerging data set up, a bidirectional interrelationship between these two entities. In the case of DM impaired calcium homeostasis, free fatty acid metabolism, redox state, and advance glycation end products may accelerate cardiac dysfunction...
February 17, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
Akash Shukla, Pratin Bhatt, Deepak Kumar Gupta, Tejas Modi, Jatin Patel, Milind Phadke, Krantikumar Rathod, Megha Meshram, S J Bhatia
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is associated with high mortality after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) and liver transplantation in patients with cirrhosis. There is no data about the prevalence or impact of CCM in Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). We assessed the prevalence of CCM in patients with BCS and its impact on outcome after radiological intervention. METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients with BCS (15 men) and 33 controls with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis (18 men, matched for Child-Pugh score) were evaluated with baseline electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography (ECHO) and dobutamine stress ECHO, and ECG (DSE)...
January 24, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Abraham Sonny, Srinivasa R Govindarajan, Wael A Jaber, Jacek B Cywinski
Though most patients presenting for liver transplantation have normal left ventricular function, some develop left ventricular failure after transplantation. The primary objective of our study was to determine the predictors of systolic heart failure occurring immediately after liver transplantation. Its etiology, prospects of recovery and factors associated with non-recovery were also studied. Liver transplantations performed at our institution from 01/2006 to 02/2015 were evaluated using prospectively collected institutional registries...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
Sara Roldan Ramos, Guido Pieles, Wei Hui, Cameron Slorach, Andrew N Redington, Mark K Friedberg
OBJECTIVES: Right ventricular (RV) failure from increased pressure loading is a frequent consequence of acquired and congenital heart diseases. However, the mechanisms involved in their pathophysiology are still unclear, and few data exist on RV pressure-loading models and early versus late effects on RV and left ventricular responses. We characterized a rabbit model of chronic RV pressure overload and early-late effects on biventricular function. METHODS: Twenty-one New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into 3 groups: (i) sham, (ii) pulmonary artery (PA) banding (PAB) for 3 weeks (PAB3W) and (iii) PAB for 6 weeks (PAB6W)...
December 2, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Melissa Teresa Chu Lam, Elizabeth Dierking
Preeclampsia, eclampsia and HELLP syndrome are life-threatening hypertensive conditions and common causes of ICU admission among obstetric patients The diagnostic criteria of preeclampsia include: 1) systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mmHg on two occasions at least 4 hours apart and 2) proteinuria ≥300 mg/day in a woman with a gestational age of >20 weeks with previously normal blood pressures. Eclampsia is defined as a convulsive episode or altered level of consciousness occurring in the setting of preeclampsia, provided that there is no other cause of seizures...
July 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Magd A Kotb, Inas Abd El Satar, Ahmed M Badr, Nancy H Anis, Hoda Abd El Rahman Ismail, Alaa F Hamza, Hesham M Abdelkader
Surgical stress, liberation of cytokines associated with re-perfusion injury, and long standing use of immune suppressive medications in children recipients of orthotopic living related liver transplantation (OLRLT) pose cardiovascular risk. Reported cardiovascular adverse effects vary from left ventricular wall thickening, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy to resting ECG abnormalities, asymptomatic ST depression following increased heart rate and ventricular arrhythmias. Twenty-five consecutive children recipients of OLRLT were assessed by conventional 2-D, M-mode echocardiography and Doppler...
November 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
Kalyan Wagle, Oluwaseun A Akinseye, Prakash Shrestha, Madhuri Chandnani, Raiko Munankarmi, Vivian Ripin, Jimmy Yee
There are so far only a few reported cases of acute fulminant hepatic failure resulting from acute cardiomyopathy. This is a rare occurrence, especially in patients that do not exhibit any signs and symptoms of acute cardiac decompensation. We report a case of fulminant liver failure with nondiagnostic work up for the common causes of liver failure. This patient had concurrent history of congestive heart failure, but did not have acute decompensation. Right upper quadrant sonogram revealed hepatomegaly of 15 cm, trace amount of perihepatic ascites, pericholecystic fluid, and also thickened edematous gallbladder wall with no stones, no common bile duct stones, and no portal vein thrombosis...
April 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
Tracey G Simon, Daniel G Bamira, Raymond T Chung, Rory B Weiner, Kathleen E Corey
OBJECTIVE: Preliminary data suggest that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with early heart failure (HF). However, whether nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is directly associated with echocardiographic changes in cardiac structure or function remains unknown. METHODS: A retrospective cohort was identified of individuals (N = 65) without known heart disease, undergoing elective bariatric surgery with perioperative liver biopsy, and available recent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)...
August 2017: Obesity
Hongqun Liu, Saumya Jayakumar, Mouhieddin Traboulsi, Samuel S Lee
The majority of patients on a waiting list for liver transplantation have end-stage liver disease. Because of the marked peripheral vasodilatation of end-stage cirrhosis that masks a latent myocardial dysfunction, cardiac abnormalities in the resting state are usually subclinical and escape the attention of physicians. However, when challenged, the systolic and diastolic contractile responses are attenuated. In addition to these contractile abnormalities, morphological changes, such as enlargement or hypertrophy of cardiac chambers, and electrophysiological repolarization changes, including a prolonged QT interval, can be observed...
June 2017: Liver Transplantation
D S Polyakov, I V Fomin, A R Vaisberg, F Yu Valigulova, Nabil Kraiem Nabil Kraiem
OBJECTIVE: to assess prevalence of acute kidney injury (AKI) among patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and its impact on prognosis in a hospitalized patient. MATERIAL AND METHODS: a sample of patients hospitalized with signs of ADHF. RESULTS: Prevalence of AKI in this sample was 23.1%. There was no significant difference between patients with and without AKI by age, gender, and hemodynamic parameters. Portion of subjects with systolic blood pressure below 125 mm Hg among patients with AKI did not exceed one third...
December 2016: Kardiologiia
Rania Hammami, Mouna Boudabbous, Jihen Jdidi, Fatma Trabelsi, Fakher Mroua, Rahma Kallel, Ali Amouri, Dorra Abid, Nabil Tahri, Leila Abid, Samir Kammoun
Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is associated with poor prognosis and risk of acute heart failure after liver transplantation or interventional procedures. We aimed to assess the relationship between the severity of cardiac impairment and hepatic disease. Eighty patients and eighty controls underwent echocardiography, tissue Doppler imaging and speckle tracking measures. We assess the correlation between echocardiographic parameters and Child and MELD scores. Systolic parameters function (s wave, p < 0.001) and global longitudinal strain (p < 0...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
Bipul Baibhav, Chetaj A Mahabir, Feng Xie, Valerie K Shostrom, Timothy M McCashland, Thomas R Porter
BACKGROUND: The assessment of cardiac risk in contemporary liver transplantation (LT) has required more sensitive testing for the detection of occult coronary artery disease as well as microvascular and functional cardiac abnormalities. Because dobutamine stress perfusion echocardiography provides an assessment of both regional systolic and diastolic function as well as microvascular perfusion (MVP), we sought to examine its incremental value in this setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the predictive value of dobutamine stress perfusion echocardiography in 296 adult patients with end-stage liver disease and preserved systolic function who underwent LT between 2008 and 2014...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Abdulbaki Kumbasar, Mehtap Navdar, Esra Ataoglu, Isil Uzunhasan, Kadir Ergen, Sule Poturoglu, Filiz Basinoglu, Fatih Yilmaz, Mustafa Yenigun, Fuat Sar, Ozgur Tanriverdi
Excess N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide secretion has been linked to cirrhosis in previously studies. The relationship of plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels and cardiac dysfunction determined by echocardiography were investigated in patients with nonalcoholic cirrhosis and a control group of chronic hepatitis. This study was designed as a cross-sectional study. Thirty-two men and thirty-three women who gave informed consent who were followed-up for chronic liver failure were enrolled...
March 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Abraham Sonny, Ahmed Ibrahim, Andres Schuster, Wael A Jaber, Jacek B Cywinski
Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy causes variable degree of systolic and diastolic dysfunction (DD) and conduction abnormalities. The primary aim of our study was to determine whether pre-transplant DD and prolonged corrected QT (QTc) predict a composite of mortality, graft failure, and major cardiovascular events after liver transplantation. We also evaluated the reversibility of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy after transplantation. Adult patients who underwent liver transplantation at our institution from January 2007 to March 2009 were included...
September 2016: Clinical Transplantation
A S Rodina, M E Shubina, O P Dudanova
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCMP), features of its recognition and clinical manifestations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 102 patients with alcoholic and viral liver cirrhosis (LC) without cardiovascular history, without viremia and signs of acute alcoholic hepatitis. Echocardiography, electrocardiography (ECG) and brain natriuretic hormone (proBNP) level were investigated in all patients...
2015: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Hideo Ohuchi, Yosuke Hayama, Jun Negishi, Kanae Noritake, Toru Iwasa, Aya Miyazaki, Osamu Yamada, Isao Shiraishi
BACKGROUND: Right ventricle (RV) may determine heart failure (HF) severity in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). However, the association of RV properties with clinical profiles remains unclear. PURPOSE: To clarify the associations of RV properties with biomarkers, exercise capacity, and unscheduled hospitalization (USH) in postoperative ACHD patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated determinants of RV end-diastolic volume (EDVI, ml/m(2)) and pressure (EDP, mmHg) in 260 patients who were divided into 4 groups, i...
June 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Edward J Miller, Timothy Calamaras, Aly Elezaby, Aaron Sverdlov, Fuzhong Qin, Ivan Luptak, Ke Wang, Xinxin Sun, Andrea Vijay, Dominique Croteau, Markus Bachschmid, Richard A Cohen, Kenneth Walsh, Wilson S Colucci
BACKGROUND: Myocardial hypertrophy and dysfunction are key features of metabolic heart disease due to dietary excess. Metabolic heart disease manifests primarily as diastolic dysfunction but may progress to systolic dysfunction, although the mechanism is poorly understood. Liver kinase B1 (LKB1) is a key activator of AMP-activated protein kinase and possibly other signaling pathways that oppose myocardial hypertrophy and failure. We hypothesized that LKB1 is essential to the heart's ability to withstand the metabolic stress of dietary excess...
December 31, 2015: Journal of the American Heart Association
Luis Ruiz-del-Árbol, Regina Serradilla
During the course of cirrhosis, there is a progressive deterioration of cardiac function manifested by the disappearance of the hyperdynamic circulation due to a failure in heart function with decreased cardiac output. This is due to a deterioration in inotropic and chronotropic function which takes place in parallel with a diastolic dysfunction and cardiac hypertrophy in the absence of other known cardiac disease. Other findings of this specific cardiomyopathy include impaired contractile responsiveness to stress stimuli and electrophysiological abnormalities with prolonged QT interval...
November 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Grzegorz Styczynski, Aleksandra Milewska, Małgorzata Marczewska, Piotr Sobieraj, Magdalena Sobczynska, Michal Dabrowski, Agnieszka Kuch-Wocial, Cezary Szmigielski
BACKGROUND: Elevated total bilirubin (TB) and transaminases are frequently reported in patients with heart failure and are related to their worse prognosis. On the basis of hemodynamic data from previous studies, the investigators hypothesized that elevated bilirubin and transaminases are associated with different patterns of cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in patients with heart failure (i.e., elevated bilirubin with predominantly right-heart dysfunction and elevated transaminases with predominantly left-heart dysfunction)...
February 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Roya Sattarzadeh-Badkoubeh, Babak Geraiely, Mohssen Nassiri-Toosi, Ali Jafarian
We assessed different systolic cardiac indices to detect left and right ventricular systolic dysfunction in cirrhotic patients before liver transplantation. Between 2010-2011, 81 consecutive individuals with confirmed hepatic cirrhosis who were a candidate for liver transplantation were enrolled in this study. A total of 32 age and sex matched healthy volunteers were also selected as the control group. A detailed two-dimensional, Color Flow Doppler, and Tissue Doppler echocardiography were performed in all patients and control participants...
August 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
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