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Liver failure diastolic dysfunction

Abraham Sonny, Ahmed Ibrahim, Andres Schuster, Wael A Jaber, Jacek B Cywinski
Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy causes variable degree of systolic and diastolic dysfunction (DD) and conduction abnormalities. The primary aim of our study was to determine whether pre-transplant DD and prolonged corrected QT (QTc) predict a composite of mortality, graft failure, and major cardiovascular events after liver transplantation. We also evaluated the reversibility of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy after transplantation. Adult patients who underwent liver transplantation at our institution from January 2007 to March 2009 were included...
September 2016: Clinical Transplantation
A S Rodina, M E Shubina, O P Dudanova
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCMP), features of its recognition and clinical manifestations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 102 patients with alcoholic and viral liver cirrhosis (LC) without cardiovascular history, without viremia and signs of acute alcoholic hepatitis. Echocardiography, electrocardiography (ECG) and brain natriuretic hormone (proBNP) level were investigated in all patients...
2015: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Hideo Ohuchi, Yosuke Hayama, Jun Negishi, Kanae Noritake, Toru Iwasa, Aya Miyazaki, Osamu Yamada, Isao Shiraishi
BACKGROUND: Right ventricle (RV) may determine heart failure (HF) severity in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). However, the association of RV properties with clinical profiles remains unclear. PURPOSE: To clarify the associations of RV properties with biomarkers, exercise capacity, and unscheduled hospitalization (USH) in postoperative ACHD patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated determinants of RV end-diastolic volume (EDVI, ml/m(2)) and pressure (EDP, mmHg) in 260 patients who were divided into 4 groups, i...
June 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Edward J Miller, Timothy Calamaras, Aly Elezaby, Aaron Sverdlov, Fuzhong Qin, Ivan Luptak, Ke Wang, Xinxin Sun, Andrea Vijay, Dominique Croteau, Markus Bachschmid, Richard A Cohen, Kenneth Walsh, Wilson S Colucci
BACKGROUND: Myocardial hypertrophy and dysfunction are key features of metabolic heart disease due to dietary excess. Metabolic heart disease manifests primarily as diastolic dysfunction but may progress to systolic dysfunction, although the mechanism is poorly understood. Liver kinase B1 (LKB1) is a key activator of AMP-activated protein kinase and possibly other signaling pathways that oppose myocardial hypertrophy and failure. We hypothesized that LKB1 is essential to the heart's ability to withstand the metabolic stress of dietary excess...
January 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Luis Ruiz-del-Árbol, Regina Serradilla
During the course of cirrhosis, there is a progressive deterioration of cardiac function manifested by the disappearance of the hyperdynamic circulation due to a failure in heart function with decreased cardiac output. This is due to a deterioration in inotropic and chronotropic function which takes place in parallel with a diastolic dysfunction and cardiac hypertrophy in the absence of other known cardiac disease. Other findings of this specific cardiomyopathy include impaired contractile responsiveness to stress stimuli and electrophysiological abnormalities with prolonged QT interval...
November 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Grzegorz Styczynski, Aleksandra Milewska, Małgorzata Marczewska, Piotr Sobieraj, Magdalena Sobczynska, Michal Dabrowski, Agnieszka Kuch-Wocial, Cezary Szmigielski
BACKGROUND: Elevated total bilirubin (TB) and transaminases are frequently reported in patients with heart failure and are related to their worse prognosis. On the basis of hemodynamic data from previous studies, the investigators hypothesized that elevated bilirubin and transaminases are associated with different patterns of cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in patients with heart failure (i.e., elevated bilirubin with predominantly right-heart dysfunction and elevated transaminases with predominantly left-heart dysfunction)...
February 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Roya Sattarzadeh-Badkoubeh, Babak Geraiely, Mohssen Nassiri-Toosi, Ali Jafarian
We assessed different systolic cardiac indices to detect left and right ventricular systolic dysfunction in cirrhotic patients before liver transplantation. Between 2010-2011, 81 consecutive individuals with confirmed hepatic cirrhosis who were a candidate for liver transplantation were enrolled in this study. A total of 32 age and sex matched healthy volunteers were also selected as the control group. A detailed two-dimensional, Color Flow Doppler, and Tissue Doppler echocardiography were performed in all patients and control participants...
August 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
Dimitri Laurent, John G Edwards
Alcoholism is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Aside from promoting cardiomyopathies, chronic alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of dementia, the development of liver or pancreas failure, and cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx. Although a J-shaped curve for all cause mortality has been identified for average alcohol consumption, irregular heavy drinking also carries significantly greater risks for cardiovascular disease. Alcohol induced cardiovascular disease has a complex multigenic etiology...
January 2014: Journal of Cardiology & Clinical Research
Peter Alter, Tobias Glück, Jens H Figiel, A Rembert Koczulla, Claus F Vogelmeier, Heinz Rupp
BACKGROUND: In several trials, beneficial prognostic effects of highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs) in heart failure were shown. Because other studies showed no incremental benefit in nearly preserved cardiac function, the question arises, whether the degree of cardiac dysfunction is involved. It is hypothesized that increased left ventricular (LV) wall stress affects the endogenous hepatic HUFA metabolism, which in turn exhibits adverse cardiac consequences. METHODS: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 30 patients with suspected cardiomyopathy...
February 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Alessandro Mantovani, Matteo Pernigo, Corinna Bergamini, Stefano Bonapace, Paola Lipari, Isabella Pichiri, Lorenzo Bertolini, Filippo Valbusa, Enrico Barbieri, Giacomo Zoppini, Enzo Bonora, Giovanni Targher
Accumulating evidence suggests that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in nondiabetic individuals. To date, there are very limited data on this topic in patients with type 2 diabetes and it remains uncertain whether NAFLD is independently associated with the presence of LVDD in this patient population. We performed a liver ultrasonography and trans-thoracic echocardiography (with speckle-tracking strain analysis) in 222 (156 men and 66 women) consecutive type 2 diabetic outpatients with no previous history of ischemic heart disease, chronic heart failure, valvular diseases and known hepatic diseases...
2015: PloS One
Flemming J Olsen, Peter G Jørgensen, Rasmus Møgelvang, Jan S Jensen, Thomas Fritz-Hansen, Jan Bech, Jacob Sivertsen, Tor Biering-Sørensen
Several clinical prediction score models have been investigated for predicting mortality in patients with cerebral infarction. However, none of these include echocardiographic measures. Our objective was to evaluate the prognostic value of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) of the myocardium in patients with cerebral infarction. Two hundred forty-four patients with cerebral infarction and subsequent echocardiographic examination in sinus rhythm were identified. Using TDI in three apical projections, longitudinal mitral annular velocities were obtained in six segments...
October 2015: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Majumder Shounak, Rabdiya Vimal, Swales Colin, Silverman David I
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diastolic dysfunction (DD) approaches 40% in patients with cirrhosis. However, the clinical impact of DD remains a subject of considerable debate. Surgery in patients with cirrhosis is innately hazardous. Diastolic heart failure has been linked to increased mortality after transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt surgery (TIPSS). To date, none of the commonly accepted preoperative risk assessment models applied to patients with liver disease incorporates DD...
July 2015: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Majumder Shounak, Rabdiya Vimal, Swales Colin, Silverman David I
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diastolic dysfunction (DD) approaches 40% in patients with cirrhosis. However, the clinical impact of DD remains a subject of considerable debate. Surgery in patients with cirrhosis is innately hazardous. Diastolic heart failure has been linked to increased mortality after transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt surgery (TIPSS). To date, none of the commonly accepted preoperative risk assessment models applied to patients with liver disease incorporates DD...
July 2015: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Argyrios Ntalianis, Chris J Kapelios, John Kanakakis, Evangelos Repasos, Christos Pantsios, Emmeleia Nana, Christos Kontogiannis, Konstantinos Malliaras, Michael Tsamatsoulis, Elisabeth Kaldara, Christos Charitos, John N Nanas
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular dysfunction is associated with high morbidity and mortality in candidates for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation or cardiac transplantation. METHODS: We examined the effects of prolonged intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support on right ventricular, renal and hepatic functions in patients presenting with end-stage heart failure. RESULTS: Between March 2008 and June 2013, fifteen patients (mean age = 49...
August 1, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Lisa B VanWagner, Jane E Wilcox, Laura A Colangelo, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, J Jeffrey Carr, Joao A Lima, Cora E Lewis, Mary E Rinella, Sanjiv J Shah
UNLABELLED: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and heart failure (HF) are obesity-related conditions with high cardiovascular mortality. Whether NAFLD is independently associated with subclinical myocardial remodeling or dysfunction among the general population is unknown. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 2,713 participants from the multicenter, community-based Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study who underwent concurrent computed tomography (CT) quantification of liver fat and comprehensive echocardiography with myocardial strain measured by speckle tracking during the Year-25 examination (age, 43-55 years; 58...
September 2015: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Suehana Rahman, Susan V Mallett
Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is a disease that has only recently been recognised as a definitive clinical entity. In the setting of liver cirrhosis, it is characterized by a blunted inotropic and chronotropic response to stress, impaired diastolic relaxation of the myocardium and prolongation of the QT interval in the absence of other known cardiac disease. A key pathological feature is the persistent over-activation of the sympathetic nervous system in cirrhosis, which leads to down-regulation and dysfunction of the β-adrenergic receptor...
March 27, 2015: World Journal of Hepatology
G Lambert, J F Brichant, G Hartstein, V Bonhomme, P Y Dewandre
Preeclampsia was formerly defined as a multisystemic disorder characterized by new onset of hypertension (i.e. systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg) and proteinuria (> 300 mg/24 h) arising after 20 weeks of gestation in a previously normotensive woman. Recently, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has stated that proteinuria is no longer required for the diagnosis of preeclampsia. This complication of pregnancy remains a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality...
2014: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
Giuseppe Fede, Graziella Privitera, Tania Tomaselli, Luisa Spadaro, Francesco Purrello
Hyperdynamic syndrome is a well-known clinical condition found in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension, characterized by increased heart rate and cardiac output, and reduced systemic vascular resistance and arterial blood pressure. The leading cause of hyperdynamic circulation in cirrhotic patients is peripheral and splanchnic vasodilatation, due to an increased production/activity of vasodilator factors and decreased vascular reactivity to vasoconstrictors. The term "cirrhotic cardiomyopathy" describes impaired contractile responsiveness to stress, diastolic dysfunction and electrophysiological abnormalities in patients with cirrhosis without known cardiac disease...
January 2015: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Natig Gassanov, Evren Caglayan, Nasser Semmo, Gero Massenkeil, Fikret Er
Cardiac dysfunction is frequently observed in patients with cirrhosis, and has long been linked to the direct toxic effect of alcohol. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM) has recently been identified as an entity regardless of the cirrhosis etiology. Increased cardiac output due to hyperdynamic circulation is a pathophysiological hallmark of the disease. The underlying mechanisms involved in pathogenesis of CCM are complex and involve various neurohumoral and cellular pathways, including the impaired β-receptor and calcium signaling, altered cardiomyocyte membrane physiology, elevated sympathetic nervous tone and increased activity of vasodilatory pathways predominantly through the actions of nitric oxide, carbon monoxide and endocannabinoids...
November 14, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Maneerat Chayanupatkul, Suthat Liangpunsakul
Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is a cardiac condition observed in patients with cirrhotic regardless of the etiologies. It is characterized by the impaired systolic response to physical stress, diastolic dysfunction, and electrophysiological abnormalities, especially QT interval prolongation. Its pathophysiology and clinical significance has been a focus of various researchers for the past decades. The impairment of β-adrenergic receptor, the increase in endogenous cannabinoids, the presence of cardiosuppressants such as nitric oxide and inflammatory cytokines are the proposed mechanisms of systolic dysfunction...
July 2014: Hepatology International
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