keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

miRNAs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719649/differential-expression-of-small-rna-pathway-genes-associated-with-the-biomphalaria-glabrata-schistosoma-mansoni-interaction
#1
Fábio Ribeiro Queiroz, Luciana Maria Silva, Wander de Jesus Jeremias, Élio Hideo Babá, Roberta Lima Caldeira, Paulo Marcos Zech Coelho, Matheus de Souza Gomes
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 240 million people in 78 countries require treatment for schistosomiasis, an endemic disease caused by trematodes of the genus Schistosoma. In Brazil, Schistosoma mansoni is the only species representative of the genus whose passage through an invertebrate host, snails of the genus Biomphalaria, is obligatory before infecting a mammalian host, including humans. The availability of the genome and transcriptome of B. glabrata makes studying the regulation of gene expression, particularly the regulation of miRNA and piRNA processing pathway genes, possible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719571/mir-27b-3p-suppressed-osteogenic-differentiation-of-maxillary-sinus-membrane-stem-cells-by-targeting-sp7
#2
Wei Peng, Shuangxi Zhu, Xiang Li, Junquan Weng, Songling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the critical role and function of miRNAs in the regulation of development and physiology of maxillary sinus membrane stem cell (MSMSC) osteogenesis. METHODS: Microarray analysis was performed to screen the miRNAs expression profiles during the process of MSMSC osteogenic differentiation. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was applied to verify the miRNAs expression profiles. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were used to demonstrate that miR-27b-3p inhibited MSMSC osteoblastic differentiation...
July 14, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719355/mirna-223-suppresses-foxo1-and-functions-as-a-potential-tumor-marker-in-breast-cancer
#3
Y-T Wei, D-W Guo, X-Z Hou, D-Q Jiang
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women and a leading cause of cancer mortality. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to play a key role in proliferation, metastasis and invasion of cancer. In previous study, we found that miRNA-223 was significant expression inexosome derived from peripheral blood serum of breast cancer patients than in samples from control subjects, Therefor,the role ofmiRNA-223willbe researched in MCF-7 breast cancer cells.In this study, to explore the role of miRNA-223in influencing cell proliferation, metastasis and invasion of breast cancer, TargetScan tools (http://www...
May 20, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719033/identification-of-driver-copy-number-alterations-in-diverse-cancer-types-and-application-in-drug-repositioning
#4
Wenbin Zhou, Zhangxiang Zhao, Ruiping Wang, Yue Han, Chengyu Wang, Fan Yang, Ya Han, Haihai Liang, Lishuang Qi, Chenguang Wang, Zheng Guo, Yunyan Gu
Results from numerous studies suggest an important role for somatic copy number alterations (SCNAs) in cancer progression. Our work aimed to identify the drivers (oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes) that reside in recurrently aberrant genomic regions, including a large number of genes or non-coding genes, which remain a challenge for decoding the SCNAs involved in carcinogenesis. Here, we propose a new approach to comprehensively identify drivers, using 8740 cancer samples involving 18 cancer types from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)...
July 18, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718798/co-expression-network-and-pathway-analyses-reveal-important-modules-of-mirnas-regulating-milk-yield-and-component-traits
#5
Duy N Do, Pier-Luc Dudemaine, Ran Li, Eveline M Ibeagha-Awemu
Co-expression network analyses provide insights into the molecular interactions underlying complex traits and diseases. In this study, co-expression network analysis was performed to detect expression patterns (modules or clusters) of microRNAs (miRNAs) during lactation, and to identify miRNA regulatory mechanisms for milk yield and component traits (fat, protein, somatic cell count (SCC), lactose, and milk urea nitrogen (MUN)) via miRNA target gene enrichment analysis. miRNA expression (713 miRNAs), and milk yield and components (Fat%, Protein%, lactose, SCC, MUN) data of nine cows at each of six different time points (day 30 (D30), D70, D130, D170, D230 and D290) of an entire lactation curve were used...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718626/gold-nanoparticle-loaded-split-dnazyme-probe-for-amplified-mirna-detection-in-living-cells
#6
Yanan Wu, Jin Huang, Xiaohai Yang, Yanjing Yang, Ke Quan, Nuli Xie, Jing Li, Changbei Ma, Kemin Wang
A new class of intracellular nanoprobe, termed AuNP loaded split-DNAzyme-probe, was developed to sense miRNA in living cells. Briefly, it consists of an AuNP and substrates hybridized with two half of split DNAzymes. In the absence of target miRNA, the split DNAzymes form an inactive DNAzyme motif with their substrate through partial paring at the end of each strand, and the fluorescence is quenched. Inside the cells, the target miRNA binds with both of the two half of split DNAzymes, forming the active secondary structure in the catalytic cores, which can cleave the substrates, resulting in the rupture of the substrate and recovery of the fluorescence...
July 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718429/activated-erk-an-emerging-player-in-mirna-downregulation
#7
Yiping Qu, Bingyin Shi, Peng Hou
To date, the mechanisms underlying global downregulation of miRNAs in cancer remain largely unclear. Recent findings indicate that activated ERK can cause widespread miRNA repression through suppressing the major steps of miRNA biogenesis. Here we discuss how ERK signaling globally downregulates miRNAs and how this contributes to tumorigenesis.
March 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718378/microrna-613-is-downregulated-in-hcmv-positive-glioblastoma-and-inhibits-tumour-progression-by-targeting-arginase-2
#8
Yan Wang, Peng Zhao, Dongmeng Qian, Ming Hu, Li Zhang, Hailei Shi, Bin Wang
Glioblastoma is the most common and malignant tumour that occurs primarily in nervous system and has a high morbidity. Research on glioblastoma has recently focused on human cytomegalovirus, belonging to the beta subfamily of Herpesviridae that plays crucial roles in cancer development and progression. This study aimed to investigate the role of human cytomegalovirus-associated microRNA-613 in glioblastoma. In this study, we demonstrate that microRNA-613 expression was frequently reduced in human cytomegalovirus-positive glioblastoma specimens/cells compared with human cytomegalovirus-negative glioblastoma tissue/cells, and a significant correlation was observed between the reduction in microRNA-613 expression and the presence of unfavourable variables, including tumour size (p = 0...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718369/mir-143-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-by-targeting-dnmt3a-in-gastric-cancer
#9
Quan Zhang, Yong Feng, Ping Liu, Jing Yang
Increasing evidence has suggested that MircroRNAs (miRNAs) dysregulated in pathogenesis and tumorigenicity in human cancers including gastric cancer (GC). MiR-143 had been reported to function as tumor suppressor in GC progression, however, the underlying function of miR-143 in GC still need to be well known. In the study, we revealed that miR-143 was significantly down-regulated in GC cell lines. Upregulation of miR-143 inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, S phase cell proportion and cell cycle related protein levels of Cyclin D1, CDK4 and CDK6 in GC...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717923/mirna-200a-induce-cell-apoptosis-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-by-directly-targeting-sirt1
#10
Hao Fu, Wenke Song, Xuancai Chen, Tao Guo, Bin Duan, Xinxi Wang, Yachun Tang, Liang Huang, Chi Zhang
Accumulating evidence indicates that microRNAs are implicated in tumor initiation and progression through negatively regulating oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. In the present study, we report that the expression of miR-200a was significantly lower in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) specimens and RCC cell lines. Restoration of miR-200a suppressed cell growth, arrested cell cycle progression, and promoted cell apoptosis in RCC cell lines. We next used qRT-PCR array technology to identify Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) as one of the downregulated proteins during miR-200a overexpression in 786-O cells...
July 17, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717872/stress-induced-changes-in-mirna-biogenesis-and-functioning
#11
REVIEW
Marta Olejniczak, Anna Kotowska-Zimmer, Wlodzimierz Krzyzosiak
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that play key roles in the regulation of cellular homeostasis in eukaryotic organisms. There is emerging evidence that some of these processes are influenced by various forms of cellular stresses, including DNA damage, pathogen invasion or chronic stress associated with diseases. Many reports over the last decade demonstrate examples of stress-induced miRNA deregulation at the level of transcription, processing, subcellular localization and functioning. Moreover, core miRNA biogenesis proteins and their interactions with partners can be selectively regulated in response to stress signaling...
July 17, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717649/circular-rna-profiling-and-bioinformatic-modeling-identify-its-regulatory-role-in-hepatic-steatosis
#12
Xing-Ya Guo, Chong-Xin He, Yu-Qin Wang, Chao Sun, Guang-Ming Li, Qing Su, Qin Pan, Jian-Gao Fan
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) exhibit a wide range of physiological and pathological activities. To uncover their role in hepatic steatosis, we investigated the expression profile of circRNAs in HepG2-based hepatic steatosis induced by high-fat stimulation. Differentially expressed circRNAs were subjected to validation using QPCR and functional analyses using principal component analysis, hierarchical clustering, target prediction, gene ontology (GO), and pathway annotation, respectively. Bioinformatic integration established the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network so as to identify the mechanisms underlying circRNAs' metabolic effect...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717596/phenotypic-and-microrna-transcriptomic-profiling-of-the-mda-mb-231-spheroid-enriched-cscs-with-comparison-of-mcf-7-microrna-profiling-dataset
#13
Lily Boo, Wan Yong Ho, Norlaily Mohd Ali, Swee Keong Yeap, Huynh Ky, Kok Gan Chan, Wai Fong Yin, Dilan Amila Satharasinghe, Woan Charn Liew, Sheau Wei Tan, Soon Keng Cheong, Han Kiat Ong
Breast cancer spheroids have been widely used as in vitro models of cancer stem cells (CSCs), yet little is known about their phenotypic characteristics and microRNAs (miRNAs) expression profiles. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the phenotypic characteristics of MDA-MB-231 spheroid-enriched cells for their CSCs properties and also to determine their miRNAs expression profile. Similar to our previously published MCF-7 spheroid, MDA-MB-231 spheroid also showed typical CSCs characteristics namely self-renewability, expression of putative CSCs-related surface markers and enhancement of drug resistance...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717424/low-active-loading-of-cargo-into-engineered-extracellular-vesicles-results-in-inefficient-mirna-mimic-delivery
#14
Dhruvitkumar S Sutaria, Jinmai Jiang, Ola A Elgamal, Steven M Pomeroy, Mohamed Badawi, Xiaohua Zhu, Ryan Pavlovicz, Ana Clara P Azevedo-Pouly, Jeffrey Chalmers, Chenglong Li, Mitch A Phelps, Thomas D Schmittgen
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) hold great potential as novel systems for nucleic acid delivery due to their natural composition. Our goal was to load EVs with microRNA that are synthesized by the cells that produce the EVs. HEK293T cells were engineered to produce EVs expressing a lysosomal associated membrane, Lamp2a fusion protein. The gene encoding pre-miR-199a was inserted into an artificial intron of the Lamp2a fusion protein. The TAT peptide/HIV-1 transactivation response (TAR) RNA interacting peptide was exploited to enhance the EV loading of the pre-miR-199a containing a modified TAR RNA loop...
2017: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717205/genome-reconstruction-in-cynara-cardunculus-taxa-gains-access-to-chromosome-scale-dna-variation
#15
Alberto Acquadro, Lorenzo Barchi, Ezio Portis, Giulio Mangino, Danila Valentino, Giovanni Mauromicale, Sergio Lanteri
The genome sequence of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L. var. scolymus, 2n = 2x = 34) is now available for use. A survey of C. cardunculus genetic resources is essential for understanding the evolution of the species, carrying out genetic studies and for application of breeding strategies. We report on the resequencing analyses (~35×) of four globe artichoke genotypes, representative of the core varietal types, as well as a genotype of the related taxa cultivated cardoon. The genomes were reconstructed at a chromosomal scale and structurally/functionally annotated...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717203/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-circular-rnas-by-high-throughput-sequencing-in-soybean
#16
Wei Zhao, Yihui Cheng, Chi Zhang, Qingbo You, Xinjie Shen, Wei Guo, Yongqing Jiao
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) arise during pre-mRNA splicing, in which the 3' and 5' ends are linked to each other by a covalent bond. Soybean is an ancient tetraploid, which underwent two whole genome duplications. Most of soybean genes are paralogous genes with multiple copies. Although many circRNAs have been identified in animals and plants, little is known about soybean circRNAs, especially about circRNAs derived from paralogous genes. Here, we used deep sequencing technology coupled with RNase R enrichment strategy and bioinformatic approach to uncover circRNAs in soybean...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717180/a-three-mirnas-signature-predicts-survival-in-cervical-cancer-using-bioinformatics-analysis
#17
Bin Liang, Yunhui Li, Tianjiao Wang
Growing evidences showed that a large number of miRNAs were abnormally expressed in cervical cancer tissues and played irreplaceable roles in tumorigenesis, progression and metastasis. The aim of the present study was to identify the differential miRNAs expression between cervical cancer and normal cervical tissues by analyzing the high-throughput miRNA data downloaded from TCGA database. Additionally, we evaluated the prognostic values of the differentially expressed miRNAs and constructed a three-miRNA signature that could effectively predict patient survival...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717128/mother-s-pre-pregnancy-bmi-and-placental-candidate-mirnas-findings-from-the-environage-birth-cohort
#18
Maria Tsamou, Dries S Martens, Ellen Winckelmans, Narjes Madhloum, Bianca Cox, Wilfried Gyselaers, Tim S Nawrot, Karen Vrijens
There is increasing evidence that the predisposition for development of chronic diseases arises at the earliest times of life. In this context, maternal pre-pregnancy weight might modify fetal metabolism and the child's predisposition to develop disease later in life. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and miRNA alterations in placental tissue at birth. In 211 mother-newborn pairs from the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort, we assessed placental expression of seven miRNAs important in crucial cellular processes implicated in adipogenesis and/or obesity...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716948/cooperative-repression-of-igf2r-translation-by-mir-195-and-rna-binding-protein-cugbp1
#19
Yuan Zhang, Yun Zhang, Lan Xiao, Ting-Xi Yu, Jun-Zhe Li, Jaladanki N Rao, Douglas J Turner, Myriam Gorospe, Jian-Ying Wang
Insulin-like growth factor type-2 (IGF2) receptor (IGF2R) recognizes mannose 6-phosphate-containing molecules and IGF2 and plays an important role in many pathophysiological processes including gut mucosal adaptation. However, the mechanisms that control cellular IGF2R abundance are poorly known. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and RNA-binding proteins (RBP) critically regulate gene expression programs in mammalian cells by modulating the stability and translation of target mRNAs. Here we report that miRNA-195 (miR-195) and the RBP CUG-binding protein 1 (CUGBP1) jointly regulate IGF2R expression at the posttranscriptional level in intestinal epithelial cells...
July 17, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716920/vamp3-and-snap23-mediate-the-disturbed-flow-induced-endothelial-microrna-secretion-and-smooth-muscle-hyperplasia
#20
Juan-Juan Zhu, Yue-Feng Liu, Yun-Peng Zhang, Chuan-Rong Zhao, Wei-Juan Yao, Yi-Shuan Li, Kuei-Chun Wang, Tse-Shun Huang, Wei Pang, Xi-Fu Wang, Xian Wang, Shu Chien, Jing Zhou
Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) at arterial branches and curvatures experience disturbed blood flow and induce a quiescent-to-activated phenotypic transition of the adjacent smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and a subsequent smooth muscle hyperplasia. However, the mechanism underlying the flow pattern-specific initiation of EC-to-SMC signaling remains elusive. Our previous study demonstrated that endothelial microRNA-126-3p (miR-126-3p) acts as a key intercellular molecule to increase turnover of the recipient SMCs, and that its release is reduced by atheroprotective laminar shear (12 dynes/cm(2)) to ECs...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
120910
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"