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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652890/state-tobacco-control-expenditures-and-tax-paid-cigarette-sales
#1
John A Tauras, Xin Xu, Jidong Huang, Brian King, S Rene Lavinghouze, Karla S Sneegas, Frank J Chaloupka
This research is the first nationally representative study to examine the relationship between actual state-level tobacco control spending in each of the 5 CDC's Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program categories and cigarette sales. We employed several alternative two-way fixed-effects regression techniques to estimate the determinants of cigarette sales in the United States for the years 2008-2012. State spending on tobacco control was found to have a negative and significant impact on cigarette sales in all models that were estimated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651870/utilization-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-multiethnic-population-the-malaysian-cohort-study
#2
Noraidatulakma Abdullah, Boekhtiar Borhanuddin, Afzan Effiza Abdul Patah, Mohd Shaharom Abdullah, Andri Dauni, Mohd Arman Kamaruddin, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Rahman Jamal
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the factors of CAM usage for general health and to determine the factors associated with the usage of different types of CAM after the diagnosis of chronic diseases among The Malaysian Cohort participants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study derived from The Malaysian Cohort (TMC) project, a prospective population-based cohort aged between 35 to 65 years old that recruited from April 2006 to September 2012. Association between the CAM usage and contributing factors were determined via logistic regression...
January 2018: Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651778/cost-consequence-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-hospital-versus-telephone-follow-up-after-treatment-for-endometrial-cancer
#3
Padraig Dixon, Kinta Beaver, Susan Williamson, Chris Sutton, Pierre Martin-Hirsch, William Hollingworth
BACKGROUND: Regular outpatient follow-up programmes are usually offered to patients following treatment for gynaecological and other cancers. Despite the substantial resources involved in providing these programmes, there is evidence that routine follow-up programmes do not affect survival or the likelihood of detecting recurrence and may not meet patient needs. Alternative follow-up modalities may offer the same outcomes at lower cost. We examined the costs of using telephone-based routine follow-up of women treated for endometrial cancer undertaken by specialist gynaecology oncology nurses in comparison to routine hospital-based follow-up...
April 12, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651708/-en-bloc-resection-and-vaporization-techniques-for-the-treatment-of-bladder-cancer
#4
REVIEW
J P Struck, A Karl, C Schwentner, T R W Herrmann, M W Kramer
BACKGROUND: Modifications in resection techniques may overcome obvious limitations of conventionally performed transurethral resection (e. g., tumor fragmentation) of bladder tumors or provide an easier patient treatment algorithm (e. g., tumor vaporization). OBJECTIVES: The present review article summarizes the current literature in terms of en bloc resection techniques, histopathological quality, complication rates, and oncological outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A separate data search was performed for en bloc resection (ERBT, n = 27) and vaporization (n = 15) of bladder tumors...
April 12, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651437/questions-frequently-asked-of-healthcare-professionals-a-2-year-data-survey-conducted-at-a-medical-center
#5
Chi-Lien Hou, Ying-Hao Lu, Shun-Ching Chien, Hsu-Hui Chen, Chung-Yu Chen
In this descriptive, retrospective study, we analyzed the types of questions posed by healthcare professionals to drug counselors at a medical center and the types of provision of pharmaceutical advice solicited to improve pharmaceutical care quality and establish clear directions for clinical pharmacist training. We collected 8,558 questions posed by healthcare professionals (physicians, 38%; pharmacists, 39%; nurses, 23%) from the electronic drug information record system from May 2013 to April 2015 in one medical center...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651419/management-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-in-a-patient-treated-with-ketogenic-metabolic-therapy-and-modified-standard-of-care-a-24-month-follow-up
#6
Ahmed M A Elsakka, Mohamed Abdel Bary, Eman Abdelzaher, Mostafa Elnaggar, Miriam Kalamian, Purna Mukherjee, Thomas N Seyfried
Few advances have been made in overall survival for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in more than 40 years. Here, we report the case of a 38-year-old man who presented with chronic headache, nausea, and vomiting accompanied by left partial motor seizures and upper left limb weakness. Enhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a solid cystic lesion in the right partial space suggesting GBM. Serum testing revealed vitamin D deficiency and elevated levels of insulin and triglycerides. Prior to subtotal tumor resection and standard of care (SOC), the patient conducted a 72-h water-only fast...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650603/top-studies-relevant-to-primary-care-practice
#7
REVIEW
Danielle Perry, Michael R Kolber, Christina Korownyk, Adrienne J Lindblad, Jamil Ramji, Joey Ton, G Michael Allan
OBJECTIVE: To summarize 10 high-quality studies from 2017 that have strong relevance to primary care practice. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Study selection involved routine literature surveillance by a group of primary care health professionals. This included screening abstracts of important journals and Evidence Alerts, as well as searching the American College of Physicians Journal Club. MAIN MESSAGE: Topics of the 2017 articles include whether treating subclinical hypothyroidism improves outcomes or symptoms; whether evolocumab reduces cardiovascular disease as well as low-density lipoprotein levels; whether lifestyle interventions reduce medication use in patients with diabetes; whether vitamin D prevents cardiovascular disease, cancer, or upper respiratory tract infections; whether canagliflozin reduces clinical events in patients with diabetes; how corticosteroid injections affect knee osteoarthritis; whether drained abscesses benefit from antibiotic treatment; whether patients with diabetes benefit from bariatric surgery; whether exenatide reduces clinical events in patients with diabetes; and whether tympanostomy tubes affect outcomes in recurrent acute otitis media or chronic otitis media...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650037/open-label-randomized-multicentre-phase-ii-study-to-assess-the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-sunitinib-by-dose-administration-regimen-dose-modification-or-dose-interruptions-in-patients-with-advanced-or-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-study-protocol-of-the-surf
#8
Guillaume Mouillet, Marie-Justine Paillard, Tristan Maurina, Dewi Vernerey, Thierry Nguyen Tan Hon, Hamadi Almotlak, Ulrich Stein, Fabien Calcagno, Diane Berthod, Elise Robert, Aurelia Meurisse, Antoine Thiery-Vuillemin
BACKGROUND: Sunitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved in the first-line metastatic renal cell carcinoma (MRCC) setting at the dose of 50 mg daily for 4 weeks followed by a pause of 2 weeks. Due to toxicity, this standard schedule (50 mg daily 4/2) can induce up to 50% of sunitinib dose modification (reduction and/or interruption). The current recommendation in such case is to reduce the dose to 37.5 mg per day (standard schedule 4/2). Recent data highlight an alternative schedule: 2 weeks of treatment followed by 1 week of pause (experimental schedule 2/1)...
April 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649892/a-pilot-comparison-between-caregiver-s-and-patient-s-perceived-quality-of-life-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#9
Katherine N Adams, Douglas Farquhar, Brent A Senior, Brian D Thorp, Adam M Zanation, Charles S Ebert
Introduction Chronic rhinosinusitis negatively impacts a patient's quality of life, but current studies only address the patient's perception of their disease. Caregivers living with the patient may have an alternative perception of the severity of the quality of life disturbance that patient's experience with chronic rhinosinusitis. Methods This was a prospective cohort study that enrolled patients with a confirmed chronic rhinosinusitis diagnosis who presented to clinic with a caregiver. At the initial visit, patients completed a Rhinosinusitis Disability Index...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649245/women-s-preferences-for-alternative-financial-incentive-schemes-for-breastfeeding-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#10
Frauke Becker, Nana Anokye, Esther W de Bekker-Grob, Ailish Higgins, Clare Relton, Mark Strong, Julia Fox-Rushby
BACKGROUND: Increasing breastfeeding rates have been associated with reductions in disease in babies and mothers as well as in related costs. 'Nourishing Start for Health (NoSH)', a financial incentive scheme has been proposed as a potentially effective way to increase both the number of mothers breastfeeding and duration of breastfeeding. AIMS: To establish women's relative preferences for different aspects of a financial incentive scheme for breastfeeding and to identify importance of scheme characteristics on probability on participation in an incentive scheme...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649226/assessing-the-efficacy-of-fathead-minnows-pimephales-promelas-for-mosquito-control
#11
Ryan T Watchorn, Thomas Maechtle, Bradley C Fedy
Mosquitoes function as important vectors for many diseases globally and can have substantial negative economic, environmental, and health impacts. Specifically, West Nile virus (WNv) is a significant and increasing threat to wildlife populations and human health throughout North America. Mosquito control is an important means of controlling the spread of WNv, as the virus is primarily spread between avian and mosquito vectors. This is of particular concern for avian host species such as the Greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), in which WNv negatively impacts fitness parameters...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644453/analysis-of-factors-predicting-surgical-intervention-and-associated-costs-in-pediatric-breast-masses-a-single-center-study
#12
E Graham Englert, Guillermo Ares, Andrea Henricks, Karen Rychlik, Catherine J Hunter
PURPOSE: Finding a breast mass in a child provokes apprehension in parents, especially in those with a family history of breast cancer. Clinicians must decide between serial imaging or biopsy of the mass. Herein, we identify management differences in those with and without a positive family history, as well as identify cost differences. METHODS: An institutional retrospective review was performed of patients (2-18 years of age) with a diagnosis of breast mass...
April 11, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643545/-necessity-and-feasibility-of-data-sharing-of-cohort-studies
#13
Y Yang, H Y Zhao, S Y Zhan
Cohort study is one of the important epidemiological methods which plays an irreplaceable status and role in etiological study. Using cohort study design, we can accurately and continuously collect genetic and environmental information, and identify and validate omics biomarkers to provide evidences for precision public health and medicine. However, results from a new cohort would not be available for at least ten years, as five years would be needed for funding, planning and enrolment, and another five for following up even the earliest analyses of the most common diseases; results for most cancers would take longer, with an unaffordable budget for many research investigators or institutions...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643266/changes-in-the-utilization-of-mental-health-care-services-and-mental-health-at-the-onset-of-medicare
#14
Jordan H Rhodes
BACKGROUND: The onset of Medicare eligibility at age 65 in the U.S. is accompanied by significant changes in health insurance coverage rates. This presents a unique opportunity to study the interaction among health insurance, health care utilization, and health outcomes. AIMS: This study examines if changes in mental health outcomes accompany the changes in health insurance coverage rates at age 65. METHODS: 2006-2013 data from the Sample Adult and Person File components of the National Health Insurance Survey are used to explore the link between the onset of Medicare and the utilization of mental health care services and mental health...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643263/health-state-utilities-for-patient-s-current-health-from-bipolar-type-i-disorder
#15
Masoumeh Banihashemian, Arash Rashidian, Faeze Gholamian, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Najmeh Moradi, Homayoun Amini
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Type I Disorder (BID) is a disabling mental disorder among young adults that places enormous psychological, social, and economic burdens on patients, their families, and health care systems and decreases quality of life (QOL). Few studies have investigated the quality-adjusted life-years (QALY), health state preferences, and utilities in patients with BID. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to elicit health state utilities for current health among a sample of individuals with BID irrespective of their clinical conditions at the time of evaluation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642890/physicians-and-nurses-thoughts-and-concerns-about-introducing-neonatal-male-circumcision-in-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#16
Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Namtip Srirak, Boonlure Pruenglampoo, Kanittha Thaikla, Jiraporn Suwanteerangkul, Jiraporn Khorana, Vipa Danthamrongkul, Suchada Paileeklee, Uraiwan Pattanasattayavong, Deanna E Grimes, Richard M Grimes
BACKGROUND: Neonatal male circumcision (NMC) is an alternative approach to adult male circumcision for HIV prevention. Recent studies found that NMC was rarely performed in Thailand and that most Thai health professionals did not recognize that NMC could reduce the risk of HIV infection and would not want NMC services in their hospitals. This study explored the thoughts and concerns of Thai government health staff regarding the introduction of NMC in government health facilities as a public health measure...
April 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642628/promoting-water-consumption-on-a-caribbean-island-an-intervention-using-children-s-social-networks-at-schools
#17
Saskia C M Franken, Crystal R Smit, Moniek Buijzen
Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and the associated childhood obesity are major concerns in the Caribbean, creating a need for interventions promoting water consumption as a healthy alternative. A social network-based intervention (SNI) was tested among Aruban children to increase their water consumption and behavioral intention to do so and, consequently, to decrease SSB consumption and the associated behavioral intention. In this study, the moderating effects of descriptive and injunctive norms were tested...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630004/characteristics-of-older-adults-who-are-unable-to-perform-a-floor-transfer-considerations-for-clinical-decision-making
#18
Gunay Ardali, Rebecca A States, Lori T Brody, Ellen M Godwin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ability to get down and up from the floor or to perform a floor transfer (FT) is a vital and useful skill for older adults at risk of falling. Little is known about the health-related factors that separate older adults who can perform FT independently from those who cannot. Therefore, the specific aims of this cross-sectional study are to (1) describe and compare health-related factors among older adults who were independent, assisted, or dependent in FT performance; and (2) establish the parallel reliability between self-reported and actual performance of FT...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629687/the-usefulness-of-routine-histological-examination-of-appendicectomy-specimens-in-a-south-african-tertiary-centre
#19
O O Jolayemi, N B Moodley, V Y Kong, B Tlou, J L Bruce, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: It is accepted surgical practice to send all appendicectomy specimens for histological examination, but the usefulness and cost associated with this practice have not been established in our setting, a tertiary hospital in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa (SA). OBJECTIVES: To determine the histological diagnoses of appendicectomy specimens in our centre, and the cost of identifying an alternative histological diagnosis requiring further treatment...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629651/designing-a-brief-behaviour-change-intervention-to-reduce-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#20
Alec Miners, Carrie Llewellyn, Carina King, Alex Pollard, Anupama Roy, Richard Gilson, Alison Rodger, Fiona Burns, Maryam Shahmanesh
To understand whether people attending sexual health (SH) clinics are willing to participate in a brief behavioural change intervention (BBCI) to reduce the likelihood of future sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and to understand their preferences for different service designs, we conducted a discrete choice experiment (DCE) with young heterosexual adults (aged 16-25 years), and men who have sex with men (MSM) aged 16 or above, attending SH clinics in England. Data from 368 participants showed that people particularly valued BBCIs that involved talking (OR 1...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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