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Caval vein thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895860/hydatid-liver-cyst-causing-portal-vein-thrombosis-and-cavernous-transformation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Serdar Kirmizi, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Sezai Yilmaz
A 33-year-old male with abdominal distention after meals was admitted to the hospital. He had a history of surgery for hydatid liver cyst. The cyst was located at the liver hilum and there were portal venous thrombosis and cavernous transformation. It had been treated with partial cystectomy, omentoplasty and albendazole. Two years later at the admission to our center, his laboratory tests were in normal ranges. Abdominal imaging methods revealed splenomegaly, portal vein thrombosis, cavernous transformation and the previously operated hydatid liver cyst...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886952/complex-inferior-vena-cava-filter-retrieval-complicated-by-migration-of-filter-fragment-into-the-aorta-and-subsequent-distal-embolization
#2
Erica M Knavel, Michael A Woods, Mark G Kleedehn, Orhan S Ozkan, Paul F Laeseke
In 2005, a 48-year-old man with a spinal cord injury had an inferior vena cava filter placed for recurrent deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. He was referred for filter retrieval after a computed tomography scan demonstrated caval stenosis and 2 fractured filter arms, 1 in a pulmonary artery and 1 penetrating into the retroperitoneum and impinging on the aorta. During retrieval, 1 arm was inadvertently advanced into the aorta, and embolization of the arm occurred to the left profunda femoris artery...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875796/development-of-extensive-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-due-to-the-ligation-of-a-large-mesenteric-caval-shunt-during-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#3
Hideya Kamei, Yasuharu Onishi, Masatoshi Ishigami, Yoji Ishizu, Kojiro Suzuki, Yasuhiro Ogura
INSTRUCTION: Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis can be a life-threatening complication after liver transplantation (LT). Although this complication is usually related to technical problems associated with vascular anastomosis, we report a case of IVC thrombosis which developed from a ligated large mesenteric-caval shunt. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 35-year-old man underwent LT from a brain-dead donor for primary sclerosing cholangitis. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) before LT showed a huge collateral vessel of the inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) draining into the infra-renal IVC directly...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855353/challenging-the-limits-in-pancreatic-surgery-a-case-report
#4
Johannes Lemke, Stefan A Schmidt, Marko Kornmann, Karl-Heinz Orend, Doris Henne-Bruns
INTRODUCTION: Today, pancreatic surgery can be performed with low mortality and tolerable morbidity in specialized centers. Nevertheless, due to its anatomical localization and proximity to important vascular structures, surgical resection of the pancreas remains challenging in many cases. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here, we present the case of a young woman who presented in our department with abdominal pain and a tumor mass located at the pancreatic head. She had undergone explorative laparotomy elsewhere before, in which the pancreatic tumor mass was reported to be unresectable due to infiltration of the mesenteric root...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569678/analysis-of-the-final-denali-trial-data-a-prospective-multicenter-study-of-the-denali-inferior-vena-cava-filter
#5
S William Stavropoulos, James X Chen, Ronald F Sing, Fakhir Elmasri, Mitchell J Silver, Alex Powell, Frank C Lynch, Ahmed Kamel Abdel Aal, Alexandra Lansky, Bart E Muhs
PURPOSE: To report the final 2-year data on the efficacy and safety of a nitinol retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter for protection against pulmonary embolism (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter trial of 200 patients with temporary indications for caval filtration who underwent implantation of the Denali IVC filter. After filter placement, all patients were followed for 2 years after placement or 30 days after filter retrieval...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489651/successful-cases-of-difficult-inferior-vena-cava-filter-retrieval-with-the-use-of-biopsy-forceps-biopsy-forceps-technique
#6
Masaya Nakashima, Hideaki Kobayashi, Yasushi Takenouchi, Takashi Nakayama, Masayoshi Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: For treatment and prevention of deep vein thrombosis(DVT) and pulmonary embolism(PE), retrievable inferior vena cava(IVC) filters have commonly been used as an effective bridge to anticoagulation. However, we experienced unexpected difficulty in endovascular retrieval of some IVC filters. Most problems were due to endovascular treatment devices issues, filter intimal migration, filter disintegration, filter-associated thrombosis, and right atrium/ventricle migration. METHODS: Disposable biopsy forceps was used to engage the filter hook and reform the shape of the filter struts...
2014: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443388/complete-thrombosis-of-the-inferior-caval-vein
#7
Christian Ertmer, Andreas Brünen, Thomas Schönefeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289254/medical-complications-following-splenectomy
#8
R Buzelé, L Barbier, A Sauvanet, B Fantin
Splenectomy is attended by medical complications, principally infectious and thromboembolic; the frequency of complications varies with the conditions that led to splenectomy (hematologic splenectomy, trauma, presence of portal hypertension). Most infectious complications are caused by encapsulated bacteria (Meningococcus, Pneumococcus, Hemophilus). These occur mainly in children and somewhat less commonly in adults within the first two years following splenectomy. Post-splenectomy infections are potentially severe with overwhelming post-splenectomy infection (OPSI) and this justifies preventive measures (prophylactic antibiotics, appropriate immunizations, patient education) and demands prompt antibiotic management with third-generation cephalosporins for any post-splenectomy fever...
August 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161698/po-10-lung-cancer-with-tumour-thrombosis-a-poor-prognosticator
#9
Z K Tan, P Casipit, N S Pandit
INTRODUCTION: Literature has reported tumour thrombus along the inferior vena cava as a result of underlying renal cell carcinoma (RCC) or along the portal vein from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, tumor thrombus is a rather uncommon complication of a metastatic tumour deposit in the superior vena cava in lung adenocarcinoma. Detection of tumour thrombus at the time of cancer diagnosis is a significant predictor of morbidity and mortality. Unlike RCC with vena caval extension where surgical resection provides meaningful long term survival, lung adenocarcinoma with vena cava involvement has a very dismal outcome...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022567/hemiarthroplasty-in-the-treatment-fractures-of-the-femoral-neck
#10
Nelson Keiske Ono, Guilherme Didier de Andrade Lima, Emerson Kiyoshi Honda, Giancarlo Cavalli Polesello, Rodrigo Pereira Guimarães, Walter Ricioli Júnior, Marcelo Cavalheiro de Queiroz
OBJECTIVE: To epidemiologically and clinically evaluate patients with displaced femoral neck fractures that were surgically treatment with cemented hip hemiarthroplasty. METHODS: All patients with displaced femoral neck fractures (Garden III and IV) who underwent cemented hip hemiarthroplasty using a unipolar prosthesis (Thompson), by means of a posterolateral access between June 2005 and September 2008 were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Seventy patients were initially evaluated...
July 2010: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993841/open-surgical-removal-of-retained-and-dislodged-inferior-vena-cava-filters
#11
Muhammad A Rana, Peter Gloviczki, Manju Kalra, Haraldur Bjarnason, Ying Huang, Mark D Fleming
Retained inferior vena cava (IVC) filters can lead to significant complications. Six patients underwent open surgical removal of complicated IVC filters that could not be removed endovascularly. Struts of the filter perforated the IVC wall in all patients and the adjacent viscera in five. Caval clamping and longitudinal cavotomy with direct closure were used in two patients to remove permanent filters. IVC clamping was not needed in three patients, in whom the filter was first collapsed and then removed through a stab venotomy in the IVC (n = 2) or lumbar vein (n = 1)...
April 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993383/the-incidence-of-contralateral-iliac-venous-thrombosis-after-stenting-across-the-iliocaval-confluence-in-patients-with-acute-or-chronic-venous-outflow-obstruction
#12
Xzabia A Caliste, Amanda L Clark, Adam J Doyle, John P Cullen, David L Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting of the iliac veins is the method of choice to treat patients with symptomatic lower extremity venous outflow obstruction. The optimal method of performing this technique remains to be solved, however. One question in particular is that when braided stainless steel stents (Wallstents; Boston Scientific, Natick, Mass) are used, should these venous stents extend into the vena cava or should they stop short of this for fear of causing thrombosis of the patient's normal contralateral iliofemoral vein? It has been our practice to extend our venous stents significantly into the vena cava to coapt with the inferior vena cava (IVC) wall in the majority of patients with disease of the common iliac vein at the iliocaval junction...
July 2014: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26992335/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-chronic-iliofemoral-venous-occlusive-disease
#13
Mark Antonius Friedrich de Wolf, Carsten Willem Arnoldussen, Jochen Grommes, Shu Gi Hsien, Patricia Joan Nelemans, Michiel Willem de Haan, Rick de Graaf, Cees Hendrikus Wittens
BACKGROUND: As one of the primary etiologies of the post-thrombotic syndrome, chronic venous occlusion is a huge burden on patient quality of life and medical costs. In this study, we evaluate the short-term and midterm results of endovenous recanalization by angioplasty and stenting in chronic iliofemoral deep venous occlusions. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study set in a tertiary medical referral center. Patients with venous claudication or C4-6 venous disease combined with duplex and magnetic resonance-confirmed iliofemoral or caval occlusion were included...
April 2013: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26863471/renal-transplantation-in-a-patient-with-unsuspected-inferior-vena-cava-obliteration
#14
Jose Alejandro Lugo-Baruqui, Camilo Andres Velásquez, Linda J Chen, Gaetano Ciancio, George W Burke
Vena cava thrombosis can represent a surgical challenge in the context of kidney transplantation. Selection of venous drainage in this setting should provide adequate venous outflow and minimize the risk of thrombosis and subsequent graft failure. We report the case of an adult female patient who presented for a deceased donor kidney transplant with incidental finding of complete inferior vena cava (IVC) and obliteration. After exploration of the retroperitoneal space up to the level of the obliterated IVC, a collateral venous branch was identified at the confluence of the right and left iliac veins...
October 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836612/supra-hepatic-inferior-vena-cava-and-right-atrial-thrombosis-following-a-traffic-car-crash
#15
Feridoun Sabzi, Hosein Karim, Marjan Haghi
We present a case of nephrotic syndrome associated with right atrial and supra hepatic vein part of inferior vena caval thrombosis. This patient presented with dyspena, lower extremity edema and back pain after a vehicle accident and blunt trauma to the abdomen. Trauma should be considered not only as a thrombophilic pre-disposition, but also as a predisposing factor to IVC endothelium injury and thrombosis formation. Echocardiography revealed supra hepatic vein IVC thrombosis floating to the right atrium. A C-T scan with contrast also showed pulmonary artery emboli to the left upper lobe...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26826941/retrospective-review-of-516-implantations-of-option-inferior-vena-cava-filters-at-a-single-health-care-system
#16
Brian Tsui, Tianzhi An, Eunice Moon, Russell King, Weiping Wang
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the safety, efficacy, and retrievability of Option inferior vena cava (IVC) filters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients (N = 516; 247 women; mean age, 67.1 y ± 15.1; range, 19.5-101.6 y) who received an Option filter between August 2009 and March 2015 at a single health care system were analyzed. RESULTS: The study duration was 68 months, with median clinical follow-up of 7.1 months (range, 1 d to 61...
March 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26380170/inferior-vena-caval-thrombosis-complicating-pyogenic-liver-abscess-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-case-report
#17
Hidemasa Kubo, Fumihiro Taniguchi, Katsumi Shimomura, Kenji Nanishi, Yasuo Ueshima, Akiyuki Takahashi, Yasuhiro Shioaki, Eigo Otsuji
Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) complicated by inferior vena caval (IVC) thrombosis is rare but life-threatening. We experienced a case of PLA complicated by an IVC thrombus close to the right atrium after pancreatoduodenectomy. A 75-year-old man had undergone pancreatoduodenectomy with modified-Child reconstruction for pancreatic cancer 3 years prior, and no recurrence was noted on follow-up. He was admitted to our hospital owing to fever and general fatigue. PLA and septic shock were diagnosed, and conservative therapy with antibiotics was initiated...
December 2015: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26200628/minor-but-complex-liver-resection-an-alternative-to-major-resections-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-involving-the-hepato-caval-confluence
#18
Lucio Urbani, Gianluca Masi, Marco Puccini, Piero Colombatto, Caterina Vivaldi, Riccardo Balestri, Antonio Marioni, Valerio Prosperi, Francesco Forfori, Gabriella Licitra, Chiara Leoni, Adriana Paolicchi, Piero Boraschi, Alessandro Lunardi, Carlo Tascini, Maura Castagna, Piero Buccianti
Major hepatectomy (MH) is often considered the only possible approach for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) at the hepato-caval confluence (CC), but it is associated with high morbidity and mortality. With the aim to reduce MH, we developed the "minor-but-complex" (MbC) technique, which consists in the resection of less than 3 adjacent liver segments with exposure of the CC and preservation of hepatic outflow until spontaneous maturation of peripheral intrahepatic shunts between main hepatic veins. We have evaluated applicability and outcome of MbC resections for the treatment of CRLM involving the CC...
July 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26199337/impact-of-institutional-volume-on-outcomes-of-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-in-the-treatment-of-acute-proximal-deep-vein-thrombosis-a-6-year-us-experience-2005-2010
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Harish Jarrett, Chad J Zack, Vikas Aggarwal, Vladimir Lakhter, Mohammad A Alkhouli, Huaqing Zhao, Anthony Comerota, Alfred A Bove, Riyaz Bashir
BACKGROUND: The use of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) in the treatment of acute proximal lower-extremity deep vein thrombosis is increasing in the United States and has been linked to higher bleeding rates. Whether this relationship is interrelated with institution volume of CDT is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database was used to identify all patients admitted with a principal diagnosis of proximal or inferior vena caval deep vein thrombosis and treated with CDT from 2005 to 2010...
September 22, 2015: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26175570/stent-compression-in-iliac-vein-compression-syndrome-associated-with-acute-ilio-femoral-deep-vein-thrombosis
#20
Hun Cho, Jin Woo Kim, You Sun Hong, Sang Hyun Lim, Je Hwan Won
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate stent compression in iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) and to identify its association with stent patency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2005 and June 2014, after stent placement for the treatment of IVCS with acute ilio-femoral deep vein thrombosis, follow-up CT venography was performed in 48 patients (35 women, 13 men; age range 23-87 years; median age 56 years). Using follow-up CT venography, the degree of the stent compression was calculated and used to divide patients into two groups...
July 2015: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
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