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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159371/care-planning-for-inpatients-referred-for-palliative-care-consultation
#1
Kara Bischoff, David L O'Riordan, Angela K Marks, Rebecca Sudore, Steven Z Pantilat
Importance: Care planning is a critical function of palliative care teams, but the impact of advance care planning and goals of care discussions by palliative care teams has not been well characterized. Objective: To describe the population of patients referred to inpatient palliative care consultation teams for care planning, the needs identified by palliative care clinicians, the care planning activities that occur, and the results of these activities. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a prospective cohort study conducted between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2016...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156486/-update-in-obstetric-anesthesia-tried-and-trusted-methods-controversies-and-new-perspectives
#2
Peter Kranke, Thorsten Annecke, Dorothee H Bremerich, Daniel Chappell, Thierry Girard, Wiebke Gogarten, Robert Hanß, Lutz Kaufner, Sophie Neuhaus, Tobias Ninke, Thomas Standl, Stefan Weber, Yvonne Jelting, Thomas Volk
Since 1975, a plethora of lectures within the context of annual meetings relevant for the clinical care has been summarized in "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" by the society for Obstetric anesthesia and Perinatology which can be recommended to everyone interested in anaesthesiology in the delivery room. After the death of Gerard W. Ostheimer, Professor of Anaesthesiology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, it became renamed the Gerard W. Ostheimer "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" lecture to honor his contributions to regional anesthesia and obstetric anaesthesia...
November 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143639/linking-household-surveys-and-health-facility-assessments-to-estimate-intervention-coverage-for-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#3
Mufaro Kanyangarara, Victoria B Chou
BACKGROUND: Calls have been made for improved measurement of coverage for maternal, newborn and child health interventions. Recently, methods linking household and health facility surveys have been used to improve estimation of intervention coverage. However, linking methods rely the availability of household and health facility surveys which are temporally matched. Because nationally representative health facility assessments are not yet routinely conducted in many low and middle income countries, estimates of intervention coverage based on linking methods can be produced for only a subset of countries...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143474/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-progress-in-management
#4
REVIEW
G Di Nardo, T B Karunaratne, S Frediani, R De Giorgio
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a severe form of gastrointestinal dysmotility (often due to derangement of the innervation/smooth muscle/interstitial cells of Cajal) with recurrent episodes of intestinal subocclusion mimicking a mechanical obstruction. Because of its complexity and heterogeneity, CIPO is often misdiagnosed or remains unrecognized until advanced stages. Management is a critical aspect in CIPO patient care. So far, most prokinetic drugs have not proven efficacy in restoring intestinal propulsion, thus nutritional support, fluid/electrolyte replacement, and antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment...
December 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135618/pathway-for-the-management-of-hyperglycemia-in-the-cardiac-care-unit
#5
Seyed Hamed Hosseini Dehkordi, Jeanine Albu, Emad F Aziz, Eyal Herzog
Inpatient hyperglycemia has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Optimal control of blood glucose (BG) levels using insulin infusion protocols has been shown to improve clinical outcomes. Protocols have been developed to prescribe a safe and effective rate of insulin infusion for optimal control of BG levels; however, a major obstacle in their implementation is their complexity. We have revised and updated our previously published pathway for the management of hyperglycemia, which introduces the "wheel" concept for insulin dosing...
December 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132638/impact-of-an-integrated-electronic-handover-tool-on-pediatric-junior-medical-staff-jms-handover
#6
Daryl R Cheng, James Liddle, Emily Mailes, Mike South
BACKGROUND: Clinical medical handover between doctors forms a critical part of the patient care process. However, with the evolution of junior medical staff (JMS) working conditions, time pressure and increasing clinical and administrative loads mean that quality clinical handover is increasingly important yet more challenging to achieve. This study evaluated the impact of a newly integrated electronic handover tool on JMS adoption and usage of the tool, as well as impacts on the quality (accuracy and redundancy) of handover data, JMS perceived workflow (time management and communication) and JMS satisfaction...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118855/saudi-lung-cancer-management-guidelines-2017
#7
Abdul Rahman Jazieh, Khaled Al Kattan, Ahmed Bamousa, Ashwaq Al Olayan, Ahmed Abdelwarith, Jawaher Ansari, Abdullah Al Twairqi, Turki Al Fayea, Khalid Al Saleh, Hamed Al Husaini, Nafisa Abdelhafiez, Mervat Mahrous, Medhat Faris, Ameen Al Omair, Adnan Hebshi, Salem Al Shehri, Foad Al Dayel, Hanaa Bamefleh, Walid Khalbuss, Sarah Al Ghanem, Shukri Loutfi, Azzam Khankan, Meshael Al Rujaib, Majed Al Ghamdi, Nagwa Ibrahim, Abdulmonem Swied, Mohammad Al Kayait, Marie Datario
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer management is getting more complex due to the rapid advances in all aspects of diagnostic and therapeutic options. Developing guidelines is critical to help practitioners provide standard of care. METHODS: The Saudi Lung Cancer Guidelines Committee (SLCGC) multidisciplinary members from different specialties and from various regions and healthcare sectors of the country reviewed and updated all lung cancer guidelines with appropriate labeling of level of evidence...
October 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118145/access-to-oral-health-care-a-national-crisis-and-call-for-reform
#8
Catherine H Bersell
Purpose: According to the report Healthy People 2020, oral health is integral to overall health and access to dental services is essential to promoting and maintaining good oral health. Yet, those who need dental care the most are often the least likely to receive it. The dental hygiene profession is poised to play a pivotal role in the resolution of oral health disparities. The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the critical issue of access to oral health care in the United States from various perspectives and consider potential implications for dental professionals and the oral health care system...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117010/assessing-the-methodological-quality-of-glaucoma-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-their-recommendations-on-microinvasive-glaucoma-surgery-a-systematic-review
#9
Evan Michaelov, James J Armstrong, Mary Nguyen, Bridget Instrum, Tracey Lam, James Denstedt, Cindy M L Hutnik
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are regarded by many as critical communications providing guidance within specific medical fields. Over a decade ago, the first microinvasive glaucoma surgical procedures (MIGS) were introduced. Since then, a number of these novel intraocular pressure (IOP) controlling surgical options have been approved worldwide. Governing bodies and healthcare administration often utilize CPGs when considering funding for newer technologies. This highlights the importance of well-written, accurate and up-to-date CPGs in the rapidly evolving field of MIGS...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114008/2017-american-heart-association-focused-update-on-adult-basic-life-support-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality-an-update-to-the-american-heart-association-guidelines-for-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-and-emergency-cardiovascular-care
#10
REVIEW
Monica E Kleinman, Zachary D Goldberger, Thomas Rea, Robert A Swor, Bentley J Bobrow, Erin E Brennan, Mark Terry, Robin Hemphill, Raúl J Gazmuri, Mary Fran Hazinski, Andrew H Travers
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a lifesaving technique for victims of sudden cardiac arrest. Despite advances in resuscitation science, basic life support remains a critical factor in determining outcomes. The American Heart Association recommendations for adult basic life support incorporate the most recently published evidence and serve as the basis for education and training for laypeople and healthcare providers who perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
November 6, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110102/pediatric-delirium-recognition-management-and-outcome
#11
REVIEW
Susan Beckwitt Turkel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review seeks to provide an update on the diagnosis, management, and outcome of pediatric delirium. RECENT FINDINGS: Care of patients with delirium depends on correct diagnosis and treatment of its underlying cause. A variety of instruments are available to aid diagnosis. Management of delirium currently depends on atypical antipsychotics, while avoiding agents that may precipitate or exacerbate it. While most critically ill children survive delirium, many children die or have worsening function after their illness...
November 7, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095726/high-quality-of-evidence-is-uncommon-in-cochrane-systematic-reviews-in-anaesthesia-critical-care-and-emergency-medicine
#12
Aaron Conway, Zachary Conway, Kathleen Soalheira, Joanna Sutherland
BACKGROUND: The association between the quality of evidence in systematic reviews and authors' conclusions regarding the effectiveness of interventions relevant to anaesthesia has not been examined. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were: to determine the proportion of systematic reviews in which the authors made a conclusive statement about the effect of an intervention; to describe the quality of evidence derived from outcomes in reviews that used the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group system for grading the quality of evidence; and to identify review characteristics associated with conclusiveness...
December 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091782/ante-peri-and-postnatal-factors-associated-with-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-very-premature-infants
#13
Martin Poryo, Judith Caroline Boeckh, Ludwig Gortner, Michael Zemlin, Perrine Duppré, Daniel Ebrahimi-Fakhari, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Matthias Heckmann, Eva Mildenberger, Anne Hilgendorff, Andreas W Flemmer, Georg Frey, Sascha Meyer
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is one of the most serious complications in preterm infants and is associated with neurological sequelae and mortality. Over the past few decades, the rate of IVH has decreased due to improved neonatal intensive care. However, up to 15-25% of very and extremely premature infants (<32 and <28weeks of pregnancy (WOP) respectively) still suffer from IVH. STUDY PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to perform an updated, multicenter analysis to identify ante-, peri, and postnatal factors other than gestational age/birth weight associated with IVH of any grade in a large cohort of very and extremely premature infants...
October 26, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088951/update-on-critical-care-for-acute-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-setting-of-polytrauma
#14
John K Yue, Ethan A Winkler, Jonathan W Rick, Hansen Deng, Carlene P Partow, Pavan S Upadhyayula, Harjus S Birk, Andrew K Chan, Sanjay S Dhall
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) often occurs in patients with concurrent traumatic injuries in other body systems. These patients with polytrauma pose unique challenges to clinicians. The current review evaluates existing guidelines and updates the evidence for prehospital transport, immobilization, initial resuscitation, critical care, hemodynamic stability, diagnostic imaging, surgical techniques, and timing appropriate for the patient with SCI who has multisystem trauma. Initial management should be systematic, with focus on spinal immobilization, timely transport, and optimizing perfusion to the spinal cord...
November 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078785/trends-in-healthcare-expenditure-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-10%C3%A2-years-of-nationally-representative-data
#15
Tiarney D Ritchwood, Kinfe G Bishu, Leonard E Egede
BACKGROUND: While previous studies have examined HIV cost expenditures within the United States, the majority of these studies focused on data collected prior to or shortly after the advent and uptake of antiretroviral therapy, focused only on a short time frame, or did not provide cost comparisons between HIV/AIDS and other chronic conditions. It is critical that researchers provide accurate and updated information regarding the costs of HIV care to assist key stakeholders with economic planning, policy development, and resource allocation...
October 27, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061613/reaching-consensus-on-reporting-patient-and-public-involvement-ppi-in-research-methods-and-lessons-learned-from-the-development-of-reporting-guidelines
#16
Jo Brett, Sophie Staniszewska, Iveta Simera, Kate Seers, Carole Mockford, Susan Goodlad, Doug Altman, David Moher, Rosemary Barber, Simon Denegri, Andrew Robert Entwistle, Peter Littlejohns, Christopher Morris, Rashida Suleman, Victoria Thomas, Colin Tysall
INTRODUCTION: Patient and public involvement (PPI) is inconsistently reported in health and social care research. Improving the quality of how PPI is reported is critical in developing a higher quality evidence base to gain a better insight into the methods and impact of PPI. This paper describes the methods used to develop and gain consensus on guidelines for reporting PPI in research studies (updated version of the Guidance for Reporting Patient and Public Involvement (GRIPP2)). METHODS: There were three key stages in the development of GRIPP2: identification of key items for the guideline from systematic review evidence of the impact of PPI on health research and health services, a three-phase online Delphi survey with a diverse sample of experts in PPI to gain consensus on included items and a face-to-face consensus meeting to finalise and reach definitive agreement on GRIPP2...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061597/high-dose-versus-low-dose-haemofiltration-for-the-treatment-of-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Peng Li, Li-Ping Qu, Dong Qi, Bo Shen, Yi-Mei Wang, Jia-Rui Xu, Wu-Hua Jiang, Hao Zhang, Xiao-Qiang Ding, Jie Teng
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of high-dose versus low-dose haemofiltration on the survival of critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). We hypothesised that high-dose treatments are not associated with a higher risk of mortality. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING: Randomised controlled trials and two-arm prospective and retrospective studies were included...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055898/night-time-communication-at-stanford-university-hospital-perceptions-reality-and-solutions
#18
Andrew Jordan Sun, Libo Wang, Minjoung Go, Zac Eggers, Raymond Deng, Paul Maggio, Lisa Shieh
BACKGROUND: Resident work hour restrictions have led to the creation of the 'night float' to care for the patients of multiple primary teams after hours. These residents are often inundated with acute issues in the numerous patients they cover and are less able to address non-urgent issues that arise at night. Further, non-urgent pages may contribute to physician alarm fatigue and negatively impact patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To delineate the burden of non-urgent paging at night and propose solutions...
October 21, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051396/facial-transplantation-an-update-of-results-and-perspectives-from-tissue-engineering
#19
Francesco Simonacci, Roberto Toni, Edoardo Raposio
BACKGROUND/AIM: Facial transplantation is a revolutionary procedure developed recently, which is indicated if autologous transfers fail to restore human appearance. More than 30 patients have undergone facial transplantation in different centers worldwide. Here, we provide an update on its main anatomical, surgical, immunological, ethical, and follow- up aspects. We also provide innovative perspectives of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering that could hold promise for this emerging surgical field...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050063/-update-in-obstetric-anesthesia-tried-and-trusted-methods-controversies-and-new-perspectives-part-1
#20
Peter Kranke, Thorsten Annecke, Dorothee H Bremerich, Daniel Chappell, Thierry Girard, Wiebke Gogarten, Robert Hanß, Lutz Kaufner, Sophie Neuhaus, Tobias Ninke, Thomas Standl, Stefan Weber, Yvonne Jelting, Thomas Volk
Since 1975, a plethora of lectures within the context of annual meetings relevant for the clinical care has been summarized in "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" by the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology which can be recommended to everyone interested in anaesthesiology in the delivery room. After the death of Gerard W. Ostheimer, Professor of Anaesthesiology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, it became renamed the Gerard W. Ostheimer "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" lecture to honor his contributions to regional anesthesia and obstetric anaesthesia...
October 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
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