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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644334/clinical-updates-in-women-s-health-care-summary-gynecologic-and-obstetric-care-for-breast-cancer-survivors-primary-and-preventive-care-review
#1
Jennifer Griffin Miller
Breast cancer treatment has an impact on the physical, psychologic, sexual, and reproductive aspects of women's lives. Therefore, it is important for obstetrician-gynecologists to be well versed in the screening, diagnosis, and management of breast cancer. This monograph is an overview of critical issues related to the provision of ongoing care to breast cancer survivors.
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642047/erectile-dysfunction-in-young-men-a-review-of-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#2
REVIEW
Hoang Minh Tue Nguyen, Andrew T Gabrielson, Wayne J G Hellstrom
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is an important health concern that can significantly affect a man's psychosocial well-being. ED has traditionally been considered a disease of old age; however, contemporary evidence suggests a growing incidence of ED in men younger than 40 years. The process of achieving an erection is multifaceted; there are many potential mechanisms that can be disrupted. It is critical to identify the specific causes of ED before proceeding with potentially costly and invasive therapeutic options...
June 19, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627014/review-article-paediatric-status-epilepticus-in-the-pre-hospital-setting-an-update
#3
REVIEW
Jeremy Furyk, Kerriane Watt, Theophilus I Emeto, Stuart Dalziel, Daniel Bodnar, Kate Riney, Franz E Babl
Paediatric status epilepticus (SE) is a medical emergency and a common critical condition confronting pre-hospital providers. Management in the pre-hospital environment is challenging but considered extremely important as a potentially modifiable factor on outcome. Recent data from multicentre clinical trials, quality observational studies and consensus documents have influenced management in this area, and is important to both pre-hospital providers and emergency physicians. The objective of this review was to: (i) present an overview of the available evidence relevant to pre-hospital care of paediatric SE; and (ii) assess the current pre-hospital practice guidelines in Australia and New Zealand...
June 18, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625248/-core-knowledge-and-skill-based-approach-to-subspecialty-construction-in-critical-intensive-care-medicine-with-distinct-chinese-peculiarity
#4
Lijun Wang, Fang Tian
With the rapid development of critical care medicine (CCM) in China, there are increases in the number of intensive care units (ICUs), the scale of one center ICU and the team. Subspecialty construction of CCM is of great concerns for personnel training as well as discipline development, and is currently one of the urgent problems that need to be resolved. Experience of CCM subspecialty construction from Europe and the United States is lacking and it is necessary to propose some opinions on innovation to construct CCM subspecialties with Chinese characteristics...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601144/psychiatric-aspects-of-critical-care-medicine-update
#5
EDITORIAL
José R Maldonado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601142/medical-complications-of-psychiatric-treatment-an-update
#6
REVIEW
Sheila C Lahijani, Kirk A Harris
Psychiatric medications are used commonly in hospitalized patients and are particularly indicated in patients who are critically ill to manage many conditions. Due to their many indications in the intensive care unit (ICU), psychiatric medications should be closely monitored in these medically compromised patients for adverse reactions and medical complications because they may affect essentially all organ systems. These range from life-threatening reactions to other less significant effects, such as sedation, to other detrimental complications, such as pancreatitis...
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601141/neuropsychiatric-aspects-of-infectious-diseases-an-update
#7
REVIEW
Sahil Munjal, Stephen J Ferrando, Zachary Freyberg
Among the critically ill, infectious diseases can play a significant role in the etiology of neuropsychiatric disturbances. All critical care physicians are familiar with delirium as a secondary complication of systemic infection. This article focuses on key infectious diseases that commonly and directly produce neuropsychiatric symptoms, including direct infection of the central nervous system, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and AIDS.
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601140/psychiatric-aspects-of-organ-transplantation-in-critical-care-an-update
#8
REVIEW
Yelizaveta Sher, Paula Zimbrean
Transplant patients face challenging medical journeys, with many detours to the intensive care unit. Before and after transplantation, they have significant psychological and cognitive comorbidities, which decrease their quality of life and potentially compromise their medical outcomes. Critical care staff are essential in these journeys. Being cognizant of relevant psychosocial and mental health aspects of transplant patients' experiences can help critical care personnel take comprehensive care of these patients...
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601130/neurobehavioral-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-critical-care-setting-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Earl De Guzman, Andrea Ament
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force. TBI is a major cause of disability and mortality worldwide. Post-traumatic amnesia, or the interval from injury until the patient is oriented and able to form and later recall new memories, is an important index of TBI severity and functional outcome. This article will discuss the updates in the epidemiology, definition and classification, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of common acute neuropsychiatric sequelae of traumatic brain injury that the critical care specialist may encounter...
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594976/patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-upper-airway-related-dyspnea-a-systematic-review
#10
Meaghan Noud, Kristen Hovis, Alexander Gelbard, Nila A Sathe, David F Penson, Irene D Feurer, Melissa L McPheeters, David O Francis
Importance: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures address the need for patient-centered data and are now used in diverse clinical, research, and policy pursuits. They are important in conditions causing upper airway-related dyspnea in which the patient's reported experience and physiological data can be discrepant. Objectives: To perform a systematic review of the literature on upper airway dyspnea-related PRO measures and to rigorously evaluate each measure's developmental properties, validation, and applicability...
June 8, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592480/implementing-family-centered-care-through-facilitated-sensemaking
#11
Judy E Davidson, Sidney Zisook
The Society of Critical Care Medicine has released updated recommendations for care of the family in neonatal, pediatric, and adult intensive care units. Translation of the recommendations into practice may benefit from a supporting theoretical framework. Facilitated sensemaking is a mid-range theory built from the same literature that formed the basis for recommendations within the guidelines. The process of facilitated sensemaking may be used to help nurses adopt the SCCM recommendations into practice through the development of caring relationships, promoting family presence, teaching family engagement strategies, and supporting families with communication, information gathering, and participation in decision-making...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577069/prevention-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-protection-of-renal-function-in-the-intensive-care-unit-update-2017-expert-opinion-of-the-working-group-on-prevention-aki-section-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine
#12
M Joannidis, W Druml, L G Forni, A B J Groeneveld, P M Honore, E Hoste, M Ostermann, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, M Schetz
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the intensive care unit is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVES: To determine and update previous recommendations for the prevention of AKI, specifically the role of fluids, diuretics, inotropes, vasopressors/vasodilators, hormonal and nutritional interventions, sedatives, statins, remote ischaemic preconditioning and care bundles. METHOD: A systematic search of the literature was performed for studies published between 1966 and March 2017 using these potential protective strategies in adult patients at risk of AKI...
June 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570089/viral-hepatitis-c-active-component-u-s-military-service-members-and-beneficiaries-2008-2016
#13
Shauna Stahlman, Valerie F Williams, Devin J Hunt, Paul O Kwon
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains an important concern for the Military Health System (MHS). This report updates numbers and incidence rates of HCV infection of U.S. military service members and MHS beneficiaries, incorporating a surveillance period before and after 2012 screening policy changes for military members. From 2008 to 2016, there were 342 and 1,491 incident cases of acute and chronic hepatitis C, respectively, among active component members of the U.S. Armed Forces; crude overall incidence rates during the period were 2...
May 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562596/perspectives-of-older-people-about-contingency-planning-for-falls-in-the-community-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#14
Kimberly Charlton, Carolyn M Murray, Saravana Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Despite consistent evidence for the positive impact of contingency planning for falls in older people, implementation of plans often fail. This is likely due to lack of recognition and knowledge about perspectives of older people about contingency planning. The objective of this research was to explore the perspectives of older people living in the community about use of contingency planning for getting help quickly after a fall. METHOD: A systematic literature search seeking qualitative research was conducted in April 2014, with no limit placed on date of publication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530380/diabetes-update-primary-care-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Beth Choby
The incidence and prevalence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) are increasing among white, black, Hispanic, and Asian individuals in the United States. Children often present with acute symptoms, including severe polyuria, polydipsia, weight loss, and ketonemia; adults may develop more gradual symptoms that initially appear similar to those of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults and maturity-onset diabetes of the young are conditions that may be confused with T1D, although they are actually more closely related to T2D...
May 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530111/update-in-critical-care-2016
#16
Claudia Dos Santos, Leo Heunks, Hannah Wunsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509730/american-college-of-critical-care-medicine-clinical-practice-parameters-for-hemodynamic-support-of-pediatric-and-neonatal-septic-shock
#17
Alan L Davis, Joseph A Carcillo, Rajesh K Aneja, Andreas J Deymann, John C Lin, Trung C Nguyen, Regina S Okhuysen-Cawley, Monica S Relvas, Ranna A Rozenfeld, Peter W Skippen, Bonnie J Stojadinovic, Eric A Williams, Tim S Yeh, Fran Balamuth, Joe Brierley, Allan R de Caen, Ira M Cheifetz, Karen Choong, Edward Conway, Timothy Cornell, Allan Doctor, Marc-Andre Dugas, Jonathan D Feldman, Julie C Fitzgerald, Heidi R Flori, James D Fortenberry, Ana Lia Graciano, Bruce M Greenwald, Mark W Hall, Yong Yun Han, Lynn J Hernan, Jose E Irazuzta, Elizabeth Iselin, Elise W van der Jagt, Howard E Jeffries, Saraswati Kache, Chhavi Katyal, Niranjan Tex Kissoon, Alexander A Kon, Martha C Kutko, Graeme MacLaren, Timothy Maul, Renuka Mehta, Fola Odetola, Kristine Parbuoni, Raina Paul, Mark J Peters, Suchitra Ranjit, Karin E Reuter-Rice, Eduardo J Schnitzler, Halden F Scott, Adalberto Torres, Jacki Weingarten-Abrams, Scott L Weiss, Jerry J Zimmerman, Aaron L Zuckerberg
OBJECTIVES: The American College of Critical Care Medicine provided 2002 and 2007 guidelines for hemodynamic support of newborn and pediatric septic shock. Provide the 2014 update of the 2007 American College of Critical Care Medicine "Clinical Guidelines for Hemodynamic Support of Neonates and Children with Septic Shock." DESIGN: Society of Critical Care Medicine members were identified from general solicitation at Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposia (2006-2014)...
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483105/comprehensive-and-individualized-patient-care-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-refining-approaches-to-diagnosis-prognosis-and-treatment
#18
Fernando J Martinez, Kevin R Flaherty
As seen in this CME online activity (available at http://courses.elseviercme.com/chest16/647e), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a specific form of chronic progressive fibrotic lung disease of unknown cause. It is the most common form of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia in adults. Its prevalence among US Medicare beneficiaries has more than doubled in the past 14 years. With the approval of two agents that reduce functional decline and disease progression, and the 2015 update of the American Thoracic Society guidelines on the treatment of IPF, the options for appropriate clinical management of the disease have become well defined...
May 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470131/implementation-strategies-for-guidelines-at-icus-a-systematic-review
#19
Portia Jordan, Ferestas Mpasa, Wilma Ten Ham-Baloyi, Candice Bowers
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to critically analyze empirical studies related to the implementation strategies for clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) in intensive care units (ICUs). Design/methodology/approach A systematic review with a narrative synthesis adapted from Popay et al.'s method for a narrative synthesis was conducted. A search using CINAHL, Google Scholar, Academic search complete, Cochrane Register for Randomized Controlled Trials, MEDLINE via PUBMED and grey literature was conducted in 2014 and updated in 2016 (August)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469492/diagnostic-strategies-for-early-recognition-of-cancer-therapeutics-related-cardiac-dysfunction
#20
REVIEW
Carlos R Manrique, Michael Park, Nidhish Tiwari, Juan Carlos Plana, Mario J Garcia
Cardiovascular toxicity in the form of cardiac dysfunction continues to be an obstacle for patients with cancer. Survival and quality of life of cancer survivors are frequently affected by increased incidence of cardiovascular disease. The involvement of the cardiovascular system by primary or secondary malignancies, as well as its dysfunction secondary to the administration of antineoplastics, has led to the development of a new discipline called Cardio-Oncology, an exciting cardiology subspecialty with more questions than answers and as a result an enormous opportunity for research in the field...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
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