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surgical apgar

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475684/the-use-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-neonates-with-severe-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-26-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-centre%C3%A2
#1
Ricky Vaja, Ahmed Bakr, Annabel Sharkey, Vijay Joshi, Gail Faulkner, Claire Westrope, Chris Harvey
OBJECTIVES: Neonates with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) have a high rate of mortality. There is controversy regarding optimal time of surgical intervention. We present our data over a 26-year period. METHODS: We analysed data from our Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry forms between 1989 and 2015, in order to determine the factors affecting survival outcome for repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia with ECMO as a bridge to surgery and/or recovery...
May 5, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464255/surgical-apgar-score-sas-predicts-perioperative-morbidity-mortality-and-length-of-stay-in-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy-at-a-high-volume-center
#2
Danica N Giugliano, Andrew Morgan, Francesco Palazzo, Benjamin E Leiby, Nathaniel R Evans, Ernest L Rosato, Adam C Berger
BACKGROUND: Esophagectomy carries considerable morbidity. Many studies have evaluated factors to predict patients at risk. This study aimed to determine whether the surgical Apgar score (SAS) predicts complications and length of stay (LOS) for patients undergoing esophagectomy. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated 212 patients undergoing esophagectomy. Postoperative complications were graded using the Clavien-Dindo scale and the SAS was determined. Association of SAS with incidence of complications was evaluated using the Cochran-Armitage trend test between grouped SAS scores (0-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8, 9-10) and each of the outcomes...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420498/intraoperative-aortic-balloon-occlusion-in-patients-with-placenta-previa-and-or-placenta-accreta-a-retrospective-study
#3
Fangyuan Luo, Lan Xie, Ping Xie, Siwei Liu, Yue Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the primary experience of using aortic balloon catheters during cesarean section for placenta previa and/or placenta accreta. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to May 2015, 43 patients who were preoperatively diagnosed with major placenta previa and/or placenta accreta and who underwent prophylactic aortic catheterization before caesarean section (CS) were included in the study. We analyzed the clinical data of the study population...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397204/outcomes-of-the-patients-diagnosed-incidentally-appendicitis-during-cesarean-section
#4
Mehmet Kulhan, Nur Gozde Kulhan, Umit Nayki, Cenk Nayki, Pasa Ulug, Nahit Ata, Hulya Toklucu
OBJECTIVES: Appendicitis is the most common condition leading to an intraabdominal operation for a non obstetric problem in pregnancy and diagnosis of appendicitis is complicated by the physiologic and anatomic changes that occur during pregnancy. Although a surgical procedure carries the risk of fetal loss or preterm delivery, delay in diagnosis also increases the risk of complications in both mother and fetus. In this report we present our experience and analyze clinical characteristic and the pregnancy outcomes of appendicitis diagnosed incidentally during cesarean in the third trimester...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384177/application-of-surgical-apgar-score-in-intracranial-meningioma-surgery
#5
Shih-Yuan Hsu, Chien-Yu Ou, Yu-Ni Ho, Yu-Hua Huang
Surgical resection is the main therapeutic option for intracranial meningiomas, but it is not without significant morbidities. The Surgical Apgar Score (SAS), assessed by intraoperative blood pressure, heart rate, and blood loss, was developed for prognostic prediction in general and vascular surgery. We aimed to examine whether the application of SAS in patients undergoing craniotomy for meningioma resection can predict postoperative major complications. We retrospectively enrolled 99 patients that had undergone intracranial meningioma surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255629/validation-of-the-surgical-apgar-score-after-laparotomy-at-a-tertiary-referral-hospital-in-rwanda
#6
Christian Ngarambe, Blair J Smart, Neeraja Nagarajan, Jennifer Rickard
BACKGROUND: The surgical Apgar score (SAS) has demonstrated utility in predicting postoperative outcomes in a variety of surgical disciplines. However, there has not been a study validating the utility of the SAS in surgical patients in low-income countries. We conducted a prospective, observational study of patients undergoing laparotomy at a tertiary referral hospital in Rwanda and determined the ability of SAS to predict inpatient major complications and mortality. METHODS: All adult patients undergoing laparotomy in a tertiary referral hospital in Rwanda from October 2014 to January 2015 were included...
March 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240343/term-twin-birth-impact-of-mode-of-delivery-on-outcome
#7
Elina Ylilehto, Outi Palomäki, Heini Huhtala, Jukka Uotila
INTRODUCTION: The main aims of this study were to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in term twin birth according to the planned mode of delivery and to study the effects of chorionicity and inter-twin delivery time on neonatal outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-center cohort study of 495 women with twin deliveries at ≥37(+0) weeks of gestation. Term twin deliveries were divided into a trial of labor group (TOL, 69.3%) and a planned cesarean section (CS) group (30...
February 27, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209547/pregnancy-after-urinary-diversion-at-young-ages-risks-and-outcome
#8
Nina Huck, S Schweizerhof, P Honeck, A Neisius, J W Thüroff, R Stein
OBJECTIVE: To assess the urologic and obstetric outcomes during and after pregnancy following urinary diversion (UD) performed during childhood or adolescence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From our UD database, we identified 25 women who became pregnant between 1981 and 2013. Reasons for UD were neurogenic bladder, exstrophy, trauma, sinus urogenitalis, and interstitial cystitis. Seventeen had continent cutaneous diversion, 4 had continent anal diversion, and 4 had colonic conduit...
February 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203330/risk-factors-for-health-care-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#9
Sabahattin Ertugrul, Fesih Aktar, Ilyas Yolbas, Ahmet Yilmaz, Bilal Elbey, Ahmet Yildirim, Kamil Yilmaz, Recep Tekin
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated bloodstream infections (HCA-BSI) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the causative organisms and risk factors of HCA-BSIs in NICUs. METHODS: This study was performed between January 2011 and December 2014 in the neonatal intensive care unit of Dicle university, Turkey. The study consisted of 126 patients (infected group) with positive blood culture and 126 randomly selected patients (uninfected control group) with negative blood culture after four days of hospitalization...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176333/selective-versus-routine-use-of-episiotomy-for-vaginal-birth
#10
REVIEW
Hong Jiang, Xu Qian, Guillermo Carroli, Paul Garner
BACKGROUND: Some clinicians believe that routine episiotomy, a surgical cut of the vagina and perineum, will prevent serious tears during childbirth. On the other hand, an episiotomy guarantees perineal trauma and sutures. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on mother and baby of a policy of selective episiotomy ('only if needed') compared with a policy of routine episiotomy ('part of routine management') for vaginal births. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (14 September 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies...
February 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164296/deinfibulation-for-preventing-or-treating-complications-in-women-living-with-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Babasola O Okusanya, Olabisi Oduwole, Nuria Nwachuku, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Deinfibulation is a surgical procedure carried out to re-open the vaginal introitus of women living with type III female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of deinfibulation on gynecologic or obstetric outcomes by comparing women who were deinfibulated with women with type III FGM or women without FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: Major databases including CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Scopus were searched until August 2015...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134682/aggressive-surgical-management-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-worth-the-effort-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Matthew T Harting, Laura Hollinger, Kuojen Tsao, Luke R Putnam, Jay M Wilson, Ronald B Hirschl, Erik D Skarsgard, Dick Tibboel, Mary E Brindle, Pamela A Lally, Charles C Miller, Kevin P Lally
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were (i) to evaluate infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) that do not undergo repair, (ii) to identify nonrepair rate by institution, and (iii) to compare institutional outcomes based on nonrepair rate. BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of infants with CDH go unrepaired and the threshold to offer surgical repair is variable. METHODS: Data were abstracted from a multicenter, prospectively collected database...
January 27, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054355/evaluation-of-the-surgical-apgar-score-in-patients-undergoing-ivor-lewis-esophagectomy
#13
Simon Strøyer, Teit Mantoni, Lars Bo Svendsen
BACKGROUND: The Surgical Apgar Score is a simple outcome score based on intraoperative parameters. The scoring system is recently validated in patients undergoing esophagectomy but without comparable results. This study evaluated the ability of the original and modified Surgical Apgar Scores to predict major complications in a patient population undergoing Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 234 patients who successfully underwent Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen from November 23, 2011 till November 23, 2014...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032037/surgical-apgar-score-predicts-early-complication-in-transfemoral-amputees-retrospective-study-of-170-major-amputations
#14
Christian Wied, Nicolai B Foss, Morten T Kristensen, Gitte Holm, Thomas Kallemose, Anders Troelsen
AIM: To assess whether the surgical apgar score (SAS) is a prognostic tool capable of identifying patients at risk of major complications following lower extremity amputations surgery. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective observational cohort study conducted between January 2013 and April 2015. All patients who had either a primary transtibial amputation (TTA) or transfemoral amputation (TFA) conducted at our institution during the study period were assessed for inclusion...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003671/observational-study-to-assess-and-predict-serious-adverse-events-after-major-surgery
#15
Kyoko Shiozaki, Hiroshi Morimatsu, Takashi Matsusaki, Tatsuo Iwasaki
Many patients suffer from postoperative serious adverse events (SAEs). Here we sought to determine the incidence of SAEs, assess the accuracy of currently used scoring systems in predicting postoperative SAEs, and determine whether a combination of scoring systems would better predict postoperative SAEs. We prospectively evaluated patients who underwent major surgery. We calculated 4 scores: American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA-PS) score, the Charlson Score, the POSSUM (Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity) score, and the Surgical Apgar Score (SAS)...
December 2016: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995328/new-surgical-scoring-system-to-predict-postoperative-mortality
#16
Maho Kinoshita, Nobutada Morioka, Mariko Yabuuchi, Makoto Ozaki
PURPOSE: There is still no easy and highly useful method to comprehensively assess both preoperative and intraoperative patient statuses to predict postoperative outcomes. We attempted to develop a new scoring system that would enable a comprehensive assessment of preoperative and intraoperative patient statuses instantly at the end of anesthesia, predicting postoperative mortality. METHODS: The study included 32,555 patients who underwent surgery under general or regional anesthesia from 2008 to 2012...
April 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986977/risk-factors-for-postoperative-mortality-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-single-centre-observational-study
#17
Darya Kadir, Helene Engstrand Lilja
BACKGROUND: The management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a major challenge. The mortality is dependent on associated malformations, the severity of pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension and iatrogenic lung injury associated with aggressive mechanical ventilation. The aims of the study were to investigate the mortality over time in a single paediatric surgical centre, to compare the results with recent reports and to define the risk factors for mortality. METHODS: The medical records of infants with CDH from two time periods: 1995-2005 and 2006-2016 were reviewed...
March 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907923/association-between-the-surgical-apgar-score-and-perioperative-complications-after-radical-prostatectomy
#18
Matthias Orberger, Jüri Palisaar, Florian Roghmann, Ludger Mittelstädt, Petra Bischoff, Joachim Noldus, Björn Löppenberg
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) can identify patients who are at risk for perioperative adverse events (PAE) following radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: At a single academic institution, 994 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy between 2010 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. The SAS was calculated from anesthesia records, evaluated to predict PAE within a 30-day time period postoperatively; these events were classified according to standardized classification systems...
2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907828/surgical-apgar-score-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-fusion-for-degenerative-spine-diseases
#19
Chien-Yu Ou, Shih-Yuan Hsu, Jian-Hao Huang, Yu-Hua Huang
OBJECTIVE: Lumbar fusion is a procedure broadly performed for degenerative diseases of spines, but it is not without significant morbidities. Surgical Apgar Score (SAS), based on intraoperative blood loss, blood pressure, and heart rate, was developed for prognostic prediction in general and vascular operations. We aimed to examine whether the application of SAS in patients undergoing fusion procedures for degeneration of lumbar spines predicts in-hospital major complications. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-nine patients that underwent lumbar fusion operation for spine degeneration were enrolled in this retrospective study...
January 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882019/plasma-bnp-level-combined-with-surgical-apgar-score-to-predict-operative-major-cardiac-adverse-events-in-malignant-obstructive-jaundice-patients
#20
Wei Yu, Changshan Huang, Qian Wang, Erjiang Zhao, Yuechao Ding, Tao Huang, Chao Ma, Bo Meng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive effect of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in malignant obstructive jaundice (OJ) patients using plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level and surgical Apgar scoring (SAS) system. METHODS: Forty one malignant OJ patients undergoing surgical treatments were studied at a single center. Pre-and postoperative plasma BNP level, total bilirubin (TBil) and data of cardiac function (HR, CVP, CI, LVEF%) were detected, the SAS was calculated during the surgery, the relationship of both plasma BNP level and SAS with MACE after surgery was analyzed...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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