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surgical apgar

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880397/primary-versus-secondary-anastomosis-in-intestinal-atresia
#1
Margot M Hillyer, Katherine J Baxter, Matthew S Clifton, Scott E Gillespie, Leah N Bryan, Curtis D Travers, Mehul V Raval
PURPOSE: Neonates with intestinal atresia (IA) undergo either primary anastomosis (PA) or ostomy creation with secondary anastomosis (SA). Our purpose was to compare outcomes for PA and SA and to assess factors influencing procedure selection. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of neonates with IA between 2009 and 2015. Patient characteristics, operative details, and outcomes were collected. Surgeon-level preferences (defined as performing >50% PA or SA) were assessed using logistic regression...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879264/association-of-long-term-risk-of-respiratory-allergic-and-infectious-diseases-with-removal-of-adenoids-and-tonsils-in-childhood
#2
Sean G Byars, Stephen C Stearns, Jacobus J Boomsma
Importance: Surgical removal of adenoids and tonsils to treat obstructed breathing or recurrent middle-ear infections remain common pediatric procedures; however, little is known about their long-term health consequences despite the fact that these lymphatic organs play important roles in the development and function of the immune system. Objective: To estimate long-term disease risks associated with adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, and adenotonsillectomy in childhood...
June 7, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870298/utility-of-the-surgical-apgar-score-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Andrew C Prince, Kristine E Day, Chee Paul Lin, Benjamin J Greene, William R Carroll
Objectives To recognize the utility of the surgical Apgar score (SAS) in a noncutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) population. Study Design Retrospective case series with chart review. Setting Academic tertiary medical center. Subjects and Methods Patients (n = 563) undergoing noncutaneous HNSCC resection between April 2012 and March 2015 were included. Demographics, medical history, intraoperative data, and postoperative hospital summaries were collected. SASs were calculated following the published schema...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859713/the-surgical-apgar-score-combined-with-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-improves-short-but-not-long-term-outcome-prediction-in-older-patients-undergoing-abdominal-cancer-surgery
#4
Jakub Kenig, Kinga Mastalerz, Jerzy Mitus, Agata Kapelanczyk
OBJECTIVES: Frailty increases the risk of poor surgical outcomes in the older population. Some measurable intraoperative factors may also influence the final outcome. The Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) is a simple system predicting postoperative mortality and morbidity. However, the usefulness of the SAS remains unknown in fit and frail older patients. We aimed to test this, as well as investigate whether SAS can increase the predictive value of frailty in this group of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients ≥70 years of age, needing elective abdominal surgery for cancer were enrolled in a prospective study...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746653/is-surgical-apgar-score-an-effective-assessment-tool-for-the-prediction-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-oesophagectomy
#5
Shuangjiang Li, Kun Zhou, Pengfei Li, Guowei Che
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the surgical Apgar score (SAS) was an effective assessment tool for the prediction of postoperative complications in patients undergoing oesophagectomy. In total, 7 papers were identified using the reported search, of which 6 cohort studies represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated...
May 9, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702270/adnexal-torsion-during-pregnancy-pregnancy-outcomes-after-surgical-intervention-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#6
Yair Daykan, Rona Bogin, Merav Sharvit, Zvi Klein, Dana Josephy, Meir Pomeranz, Nissim Arbib, Tal Biron-Shental, Ron Schonman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes of surgical treatment for adnexal torsion (AT) during pregnancy. DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: A tertiary care academic medical center. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The study group included all parturients who underwent surgery for suspected AT during pregnancy from January 2005 to January 2017...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664888/development-and-validation-of-a-deep-neural-network-model-for-prediction-of-postoperative-in-hospital-mortality
#7
Christine K Lee, Ira Hofer, Eilon Gabel, Pierre Baldi, Maxime Cannesson
BACKGROUND: The authors tested the hypothesis that deep neural networks trained on intraoperative features can predict postoperative in-hospital mortality. METHODS: The data used to train and validate the algorithm consists of 59,985 patients with 87 features extracted at the end of surgery. Feed-forward networks with a logistic output were trained using stochastic gradient descent with momentum. The deep neural networks were trained on 80% of the data, with 20% reserved for testing...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615276/-cr-possum-and-surgical-apgar-score-as-predictive-factors-for-patients-allocation-after-colorectal-surgery
#8
Sílvia Pinho, Filipa Lagarto, Blandina Gomes, Liliana Costa, Catarina S Nunes, Carla Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical patients frequently require admission in high-dependency units or intensive care units. Resources are scarce and there are no universally accepted admission criteria, so patients' allocation must be optimized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between postoperative destination of patients submitted to colorectal surgery and the scores ColoRectal Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity (CR-POSSUM) and Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) and, secondarily find cut-offs to aid this allocation...
March 31, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570035/predictors-of-mortality-in-children-with-myelomeningocele-and-symptomatic-chiari-type-ii-malformation
#9
Michael M McDowell, Jason E Blatt, Christopher P Deibert, Nathan T Zwagerman, Zachary J Tempel, Stephanie Greene
OBJECTIVE Chiari malformation type II (CM-II) in myelomeningocele is associated with a significant rate of mortality and poor outcome. Death is frequently heralded by the onset or progression of neurological symptoms. The authors sought to identify predictors of poor outcome and mortality within the myelomeningocele population at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. METHODS A retrospective chart and radiology review was performed on all infants who underwent primary closure of a myelomeningocele defect at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh between the years of 1995 and 2015...
June 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556880/critical-care-management-of-peritonitis-in-a-low-resource-setting
#10
Jennifer Rickard, Christian Ngarambe, Leonard Ndayizeye, Blair Smart, Robert Riviello, Jean Paul Majyambere
BACKGROUND: Management of critically ill patients is challenging in a low-resource setting. In Rwanda, peritonitis is a common surgical condition where patients often present late, with advanced disease. We aim to describe critical care management of patients with peritonitis in Rwanda. METHODS: Data were collected at a tertiary referral hospital in Rwanda on patients undergoing operation for peritonitis over a 6-month period. Data included epidemiology, hospital course and outcomes...
March 19, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466901/modified-isth-pregnancy-specific-dic-score-in-parturients-with-liver-rupture-population-based-case-series
#11
Ranit Hizkiyahu, Anat Rabinovich, Jecko Thachil, Eyal Sheiner, Gad Shaked, Gilbert Sebbag, Eli Maymon, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVES: Liver rupture and hematoma are rare life-threatening complications of pregnancy. The aims of the current study are to: (1) characterize in a population-based study all cases of liver hematoma and/or rupture; and (2) validate the utility of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) modified pregnancy specific disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score in those cases. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study including all patients with liver subcapsular hematoma or rupture between the years 1996 and 2012 was conducted...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459245/the-surgical-apgar-score-predicts-outcomes-of-emergency-abdominal-surgeries-both-in-fit-and-frail-older-patients
#12
Jakub Kenig, Kinga Mastalerz, Katarzyna Lukasiewicz, Maria Mitus-Kenig, Urszula Skorus
The Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) is a simple and rapid scoring system predicting postoperative mortality and morbidity. However, it remains unknown whether it might be useful in fit and frail older patients undergoing abdominal emergency surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients ≥65 years, needing emergency abdominal surgery were enrolled in this prospective study. Additionally to the SAS, the G8 screening score was used to determine the frailty status. The logistic regression analysis was conducted investigating the association between the scores and 30-day postoperative outcomes...
May 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436276/utility-of-the-modified-surgical-apgar-score-in-a-head-and-neck-cancer-population
#13
Kristine E Day, Andrew C Prince, Chee Paul Lin, Benjamin J Greene, William R Carroll
Objective The Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) is a validated postoperative complication prediction model. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of the SAS in a diverse head and neck cancer population and to compare it with a recently developed modified SAS (mSAS) that accounts for intraoperative transfusion. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic tertiary care medical center. Subjects and Methods This study comprised 713 patients undergoing surgery for head and neck cancer from April 2012 to March 2015...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428034/impact-of-trauma-certified-registered-nurse-anesthetists-team-on-intra-operative-resuscitation-and-postoperative-outcomes-of-trauma-patients
#14
Juan Duchesne, Chad Majoue, Marquinn Duke, Rosemarie Robledo, Chad Achord, Leslie McHale, Brandy Davis, Lusine Nahapetyan
A Trauma Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists Team (TCT) was created and trained to provide trauma-focused anesthesia and resuscitation. The purpose of this study was to examine patient outcomes after implementation of TCT. We conducted retrospective analyses of trauma patients managed with surgical intervention from March to December 2015. During the first five months, patients managed before the development of TCT were grouped No-TCT, patients managed after were grouped TCT. To assess outcomes, we used hospital and intensive care unit length of stay, ventilator days, and a validated 10-point intraoperative Apgar score (IOAS)...
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416485/surgical-apgar-score-for-predicting-patient-outcome-after-hepatopancreaticobiliary-surgeries
#15
Abhijit S Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406172/the-impact-of-neuraxial-clonidine-on-postoperative-analgesia-and-perioperative-adverse-effects-in-women-having-elective-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
T K Allen, B M Mishriky, R Y Klinger, A S Habib
Neuraxial clonidine improves postoperative analgesia in the general surgical population. The efficacy and safety of neuraxial clonidine as a postoperative analgesic adjunct in the Caesarean section population still remains unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate the effect of perioperative neuraxial clonidine on postoperative analgesia in women having Caesarean section under neuraxial anaesthesia. We included randomized controlled trials comparing the analgesic efficacy of the perioperative administration of neuraxial clonidine alone or in combination with a local anaesthetic and/or opioids in women having elective Caesarean section under neuraxial anaesthesia when compared with placebo...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327897/peripheral-arterial-occlusive-disease-and-perioperative-risk
#17
Peter Poredos, Pavel Poredos
Surgical procedures represent a risk for different complications which may appear during the perioperative period. Cardiac ischemic events and vascular complications are the most important causes of increased morbidity and mortality and they are much more frequent in patients with manifest cardiovascular disease. This is particularly seen in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD), which represents advanced atherosclerosis frequently accompanied by the presence of coronary artery disease. Therefore, patients with PAD need careful preoperative examination, including estimation of functional capacity and the presence of other co-existing atherosclerotic diseases...
April 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273361/surgical-apgar-score-for-predicting-complications-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Yoshito Tomimaru, Koji Takada, Toru Shirakawa, Kozo Noguchi, Shunji Morita, Hiroshi Imamura, Takashi Iwazawa, Keizo Dono
BACKGROUND: Surgical Apgar score (SAS) was recently proposed as a simple predictor of postoperative complications. A few studies have shown the utility of the SAS in some kinds of surgeries, but it has not been investigated in patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This study included 158 patients undergoing hepatectomy for HCC. The association between SAS and postoperative complications was examined. The patients had postoperative morbidities classified as Clavien-Dindo grade II or higher...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184910/adapting-the-surgical-apgar-score-for-perioperative-outcome-prediction-in-liver-transplantation-a-retrospective-study
#19
Amy C S Pearson, Arun Subramanian, Darrell R Schroeder, James Y Findlay
Background: The surgical Apgar score (SAS) is a 10-point scale using the lowest heart rate, lowest mean arterial pressure, and estimated blood loss (EBL) during surgery to predict postoperative outcomes. The SAS has not yet been validated in liver transplantation patients, because typical blood loss usually exceeds the highest EBL category. Our primary aim was to develop a modified SAS for liver transplant (SAS-LT) by replacing the EBL parameter with volume of red cells transfused. We hypothesized that the SAS-LT would predict death or severe complication within 30 days of transplant with similar accuracy to current scoring systems...
November 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173311/predicting-mortality-or-intestinal-failure-in-infants-with-surgical-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Darshna Bhatt, Curtis Travers, Ravi M Patel, Julia Shinnick, Kelly Arps, Sarah Keene, Mehul V Raval
OBJECTIVE: To compare existing outcome prediction models and create a novel model to predict death or intestinal failure (IF) in infants with surgical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational cohort study conducted in a 2-campus health system in Atlanta, Georgia, from September 2009 to May 2015. Participants included all infants ≤37 weeks of gestation with surgical NEC. Logistic regression was used to model the probability of death or IF, as a composite outcome, using preoperative variables defined by specifications from 3 existing prediction models: American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric, Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology Perinatal Extension, and Vermont Oxford Risk Adjustment Tool...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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