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Microrna copper

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447671/label-free-and-sensitive-microrna-detection-based-on-a-target-recycling-amplification-integrated-superlong-poly-thymine-hosted-copper-nanoparticle-strategy
#1
Fengzhou Xu, Lan Luo, Hui Shi, Xiaoxiao He, Yanli Lei, Jinlu Tang, Dinggeng He, Zhenzhen Qiao, Kemin Wang
Poly(thymine)-hosted copper nanoparticles (poly T-CuNPs) have emerged as a promising label-free fluorophore for bioanalysis, but its application in RNA-related studies is still rarely explored. Herein, by utilizing duplex-specific nuclease (DSN) as a convertor to integrate target recycling mechanism into terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated superlong poly T-CuNPs platform, a specific and sensitive method for microRNA detection has been developed. In this strategy, a 3'-phosphorylated DNA probe can hybridize with target RNA and then be cut by DSN to produce 3'-hydroxylated fragments, which can be further tailed by TdT with superlong poly T for fluorescent CuNPs synthesis...
June 20, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400060/programmable-modulation-of-copper-naonoclusters-electrochemiluminescence-via-dna-nanocranes-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-microrna
#2
Ying Zhou, Haijun Wang, Han Zhang, Ya-Qin Chai, Ruo Yuan
The DNA nanocrane with functionalized manipulator and fixed-size base offered a programmable approach to modulate the luminous efficiency of copper naonoclusters (Cu NCs) for achieving remarkable electrochemiluminescence (ECL) enhancement, further the Cu NCs as signal label was constructed in biosensor for ultrasensitive detection of microRNA-155. Herein, the DNA nanocrane was first constructed by combining of binding-induced DNA assembly as manipulator and tetrahedral DNA nanostructure (TDN) as base, which harnessed a small quantity of specific target (miRNA-155) binding to trigger assembly of separate DNA components for producing numerous AT-rich double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) on the vertex of TDN...
February 5, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332829/synchronous-detection-of-ebolavirus-conserved-rna-sequences-and-ebolavirus-encoded-mirna-like-fragment-based-on-a-zwitterionic-copper-ii-metal-organic-framework
#3
Gui-Hua Qiu, Zi-Hua Weng, Pei-Pei Hu, Wen-Jun Duan, Bao-Ping Xie, Bin Sun, Xiao-Yan Tang, Jin-Xiang Chen
From a three-dimensional (3D) metal-organic framework (MOF) of {[Cu(Cmdcp)(phen)(H2O)]2·9H2O}n (1, H3CmdcpBr = N-carboxymethyl-(3,5-dicarboxyl)pyridinium bromide, phen = phenanthroline), a sensitive and selective fluorescence sensor has been developed for the simultaneous detection of ebolavirus conserved RNA sequences and ebolavirus-encoded microRNA-like (miRNA-like) fragment. The results from molecular dynamics simulation confirmed that MOF 1 absorbs carboxyfluorescein (FAM)-tagged and 5(6)-carboxyrhodamine, triethylammonium salt (ROX)-tagged probe ss-DNA (probe DNA, P-DNA) by π…π stacking and hydrogen bonding, as well as additional electrostatic interactions to form a sensing platform of P-DNAs@1 with quenched FAM and ROX fluorescence...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330900/overexpression-of-microrna408-enhances-photosynthesis-growth-and-seed-yield-in-diverse-plants
#4
Jiawei Pan, Dahui Huang, Zhonglong Guo, Zheng Kuang, He Zhang, Xinyu Xie, Zengfeng Ma, Shaopei Gao, Manuel T Lerdau, Chengcai Chu, Lei Li
The ability of a plant to produce grain, fruit, or forage depends ultimately on photosynthesis. There have been few attempts, however, to study microRNAs, which are a class of endogenous small RNAs post-transcriptionally programming gene expression, in relation to photosynthetic traits. We focused on miR408, one of the most conserved plant miRNAs, and overexpressed it in parallel in Arabidopsis, tobacco, and rice. The transgenic plants all exhibited increased copper content in the chloroplast, elevated abundance of plastocyanin, and an induction of photosynthetic genes...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305331/differential-expression-of-micrornas-in-hemocytes-from-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei-under-copper-stress
#5
Hui Guo, Zhi-Cheng Lu, Xiao-Wen Zhu, Chun-Hua Zhu, Cheng-Gui Wang, Yu-Chun Shen, Wei Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate diverse cellular processes, including organismal stress response, through posttranscriptional repression of gene transcripts. They are known to have antiviral functions in aquatic crustacean species, but little is known about the role of miRNAs against environmental stress caused by Cu, a common chemical contaminant in aquatic environment. We performed small RNA sequencing to characterize the differentially expressed microRNAs in Cu exposed shrimp. A total of 4524 known miRNAs and 73 novel miRNAs were significantly (P < ...
January 2, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220735/regulation-of-sulfur-deprivation-induced-expression-of-the-ferredoxin-encoding-fdx5-gene-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii-in-aerobic-conditions
#6
Zhanneta Zalutskaya, Ekaterina Minaeva, Valentina Filina, Mariya Ostroukhova, Elena Ermilova
The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii reacts to sulfur (S) starvation with the increased expression of numerous genes. One gene which is induced in illuminated anaerobic S-deprived cells is the ferredoxin-5 gene (FDX5). To test FDX5 transcriptional regulation in aerobic cultures, we used a real-time PCR analysis and an artificial microRNA approach. We demonstrated that FDX5 gene is controlled by S deprivation independently of anoxia-treatment. The Ser/Thr kinase SNRK2.1 is necessary for expression of FDX5 during deprivation to S...
December 2, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208278/mixed-ligand-copper-ii-complex-of-quercetin-regulate-osteogenesis-and-angiogenesis
#7
Selvaraj Vimalraj, Subramaniyam Rajalakshmi, Desingh Raj Preeth, Sivasubramanian Vinoth Kumar, Thirumalai Deepak, Venkatraman Gopinath, Kadarkarai Murugan, Suvro Chatterjee
Copper(II) complex of quercetin Cu+Q, mixed ligand complexes, quercetin-Cu(II)-phenanthroline [Cu+Q(PHt)] and quercetin-Cu(II)-neocuproine [Cu+Q(Neo)] have been synthesized and characterized. From the FT-IR spectroscopic studies, it was evident that C-ring of quercetin is involved in the metal chelation in all the three copper complexes. C-ring chelation was further proven by UV-Visible spectra and the presence of Cu(II) from EPR spectroscopic investigations. These complexes were found to have osteogenic and angiogenic properties, observed through in vitro osteoblast differentiation and chick embryo angiogenesis assay...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133823/identification-of-mirna-mediated-drought-responsive-multi-tiered-regulatory-network-in-drought-tolerant-rice-nagina-22
#8
Sonia Balyan, Mukesh Kumar, Roseeta Devi Mutum, Utkarsh Raghuvanshi, Priyanka Agarwal, Saloni Mathur, Saurabh Raghuvanshi
Comparative characterization of microRNA-mediated stress regulatory networks in contrasting rice cultivars is critical to decipher plant stress response. Consequently, a multi-level comparative analysis, using sRNA sequencing, degradome analysis, enzymatic and metabolite assays and metal ion analysis, in drought tolerant and sensitive rice cultivars was conducted. The study identified a group of miRNAs "Cultivar-specific drought responsive" (CSDR)-miRNAs (osa-miR159f, osa-miR1871, osa-miR398b, osa-miR408-3p, osa-miR2878-5p, osa-miR528-5p and osa-miR397a) that were up-regulated in the flag-leaves of tolerant cultivar, Nagina 22 (N22) and Vandana, but down-regulated in the sensitive cultivar, Pusa Basmati 1 (PB1) and IR64, during drought...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099271/sox9-mir-130a-ctr1-axis-modulates-ddp-resistance-of-cervical-cancer-cell
#9
Chenzhe Feng, Fang Ma, Chunhong Hu, Jin-An Ma, Jingjing Wang, Yang Zhang, Fang Wu, Tao Hou, Shun Jiang, Yapeng Wang, Yeqian Feng
Cisplatin (DDP) -based chemotherapy is a standard strategy for cervical cancer, while chemoresistance remains a huge challenge. Copper transporter protein 1 (CTR1), a copper influx transporter required for high affinity copper (probably reduced Cu I) transport into the cell, reportedly promotes a significant fraction of DDP internalization in tumor cells. In the present study, we evaluated the function of CTR1 in the cell proliferation of cervical cancer upon DDP treatment. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been regarded as essential regulators of cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, as well as chemoresistance...
November 3, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023006/expression-profile-of-stress-responsive-arabidopsis-thaliana-mirnas-and-their-target-genes-in-response-to-inoculation-with-pectobacterium-carotovorum-subsp-carotovorum
#10
A T Djami-Tchatchou, K Ntushelo
BACKGROUND: Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc) is a soft rot bacterium which upon entry into the plant macerates plant tissues by producing plant cell wall degrading enzymes. It has a wide host range which includes carrot, potato, tomato, leafy greens, squash and other cucurbits, onion, green peppers and cassava. During plant-microbe interactions, one of the ways of plant response to pathogen infection is through the small RNA silencing mechanism. Under pathogen attack the plant utilizes microRNAs to regulate gene expression by means of mediating gene silencing at transcriptional and post-transcriptional level...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019243/label-free-photoelectrochemical-off-on-platform-coupled-with-g-wire-enhanced-strategy-for-highly-sensitive-microrna-sensing-in-cancer-cells
#11
Cui Ye, Min Qiang Wang, Hong Qun Luo, Nian Bing Li
MicroRNA (miRNAs) quantification, especially at low abundance, is vital for disease diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy. Herein we develop a distinctive label-free "off-on" configuration for photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensing platform fabrication, coupled with DNA four-way junction (4J) architecture as well as G-wire superstructure for signal amplification. In addition, ultrathin copper phosphate nanosheets (CuPi NSs) coating Au nanoparticles (Au-CuPi NSs) serve as a highly efficient photocathode substrate. To improve the sensitivity, and avoid the false positive signals, the quencher, gold nanoparticles (GNPs), is utilized to switch off the PEC signal because of the commendable surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption...
November 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904074/mir408-regulates-grain-yield-and-photosynthesis-via-a-phytocyanin-protein
#12
Jin-Ping Zhang, Yang Yu, Yan-Zhao Feng, Yan-Fei Zhou, Fan Zhang, Yu-Wei Yang, Meng-Qi Lei, Yu-Chan Zhang, Yue-Qin Chen
Increasing grain yield is the most important object of crop breeding. Here, we report that the elevated expression of a conserved microRNA, OsmiR408, could positively regulate grain yield in rice (Oryza sativa) by increasing panicle branches and grain number. We further showed that OsmiR408 regulates grain yield by down-regulating its downstream target, OsUCL8, which is an uclacyanin (UCL) gene of the phytocyanin family. The knock down or knock out of OsUCL8 also increases grain yield, while the overexpression of OsUCL8 results in an opposite phenotype...
November 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709088/integrated-amplified-aptasensor-with-in-situ-precise-preparation-of-copper-nanoclusters-for-ultrasensitive-electrochemical-detection-of-microrna-21
#13
Yijia Wang, Xinying Zhang, Lang Zhao, Ting Bao, Wei Wen, Xiuhua Zhang, Shengfu Wang
MicroRNA 21 (MIR21) has garnered much attention in recent years as an important disease biomarker. The detection of it in human system shows great significance for the healthy evaluation and major diseases early detection. Herein, a novel approach tactfully manipulates the in-situ precise preparation of copper nanoclusters on overlapping Y-shaped ds-DNA for MIR21 analysis were developed in the proposed integrated aptasensor. In the presence of target MIR21, overlapping Y-shaped ds-DNA was constructed on electrode...
July 5, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674744/ectopic-expression-of-csd1-and-csd2-targeting-genes-of-mir398-in-grapevine-is-associated-with-oxidative-stress-tolerance
#14
XiangPeng Leng, Peipei Wang, Xudong Zhu, Xiaopeng Li, Ting Zheng, Lingfei Shangguan, Jinggui Fang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs of -21 nucleotides that play an important role in diverse plant physiological processes at the post-transcriptional level by directing mRNA cleavage or translational inhibition. Previous studies have indicated that down-regulation of miR398 in response to oxidative stress allows up-regulation of the two target genes, cytosolic CSD1 and chloroplastic CSD2 (copper/zinc superoxide dismutase), resulting in protecting the plants to tolerate oxidative stress. In this study, we provide evidence that grapevine miR398 (Vv-miR398), by regulating the expression of its target genes, VvCSD1 and VvCSD2, mediates responses of grapevine to copper (Cu) stress which have been magnified due to increase in Cu-containing pesticide application...
July 3, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567000/exosomes-from-nsc-34-cells-transfected-with-hsod1-g93a-are-enriched-in-mir-124-and-drive-alterations-in-microglia-phenotype
#15
Sara Pinto, Carolina Cunha, Marta Barbosa, Ana R Vaz, Dora Brites
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder affecting motor neurons (MNs). Evidences indicate that ALS is a non-cell autonomous disease in which glial cells participate in both disease onset and progression. Exosomal transfer of mutant copper-zinc superoxide dismutase 1 (mSOD1) from cell-to-cell was suggested to contribute to disease dissemination. Data from our group and others showed that exosomes from activated cells contain inflammatory-related microRNAs (inflamma-miRNAs) that recapitulate the donor cell...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534899/fabrication-of-pt-cu3-po4-2-ultrathin-nanosheet-heterostructure-for-photoelectrochemical-microrna-sensing-using-novel-g-wire-enhanced-strategy
#16
Cui Ye, Min Qiang Wang, Ling Jie Li, Hong Qun Luo, Nian Bing Li
Herein, we focus on preparing a highly efficient photocatalytic material to construct a signal-on photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensing platform in view of the rigorous demand of accurate miRNA quantification. The well-dispersed Pt nanoclusters-coated copper phosphate ultrathin nanosheets (PtNCs/Cu3(PO4)2NSs) were first successfully synthesized as a photoelectrode material. Because of the ultrathin two-dimensional lamellar structure of Cu3(PO4)2NSs with a 1.3 nm thickness, as well as the homogeneous size and abundant PtNCs loaded on Cu3(PO4)2NSs, the resultant PtNCs/Cu3(PO4)2NSs were employed as a photoelectrode material for the first time and revealed outstanding photocatalytic activity in PEC sensing as a substrate...
June 8, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534445/differential-expression-of-micrornas-and-their-predicted-targets-in-renal-cells-exposed-to-amphotericin-b-and-its-complex-with-copper-ii-ions
#17
Joanna Magdalena Gola, Barbara Strzałka-Mrozik, Celina Kruszniewska-Rajs, Jolanta Adamska, Mariusz Gagoś, Urszula Mazurek
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to regulate essential biological processes, and their expression was shown to be affected by pathological processes and drug-induced toxicity. Amphotericin B (AmB) can cause liver and kidney injury, but a recently developed complex of AmB with copper (II) ions (AmB-Cu(2+)) exhibits a lower toxicity to human renal cells while retaining a high antifungal activity. The aim of our study was to assess AmB-Cu(2+)-induced changes in the miRNA profile of renal cells and examine which biological processes are significantly affected by AmB-Cu(2+)...
June 8, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224923/high-throughput-sequencing-reveals-modulation-of-micrornas-in-vigna-mungo-upon-mungbean-yellow-mosaic-india-virus-inoculation-highlighting-stress-regulation
#18
Anirban Kundu, Sujay Paul, Avishek Dey, Amita Pal
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 20-24 nucleotides long non-coding RNAs known to play important regulatory roles during biotic and abiotic stresses by controlling gene expression. Blackgram (Vigna mungo), an economically important grain legume is highly susceptible to pathogenic begomovirus Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus (MYMIV) and resulting in high yield loss. In this study two different leaf-small-RNA libraries were prepared from the pooled RNA at three different time points of resistant V. mungo inbred line VM84 inoculated either with viruliferous or non-viruliferous whiteflies carrying MYMIV and performed high-throughput Illumina sequencing...
April 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103776/small-and-hungry-micrornas-in-micronutrient-homeostasis-of-plants
#19
Prashanti Patel, Karuna Yadav, Thumballi R Ganapathi
MicroRNAs are emerging players in plant development and response to stresses, both biotic and abiotic such as micronutrient deficiency. These small RNAs regulate cognate downstream targets either by transcript cleavage or translational inhibition. Micronutrient deficiencies lead to poor quality and yield of crops and impaired human health. Over the years several microRNAs have been identified which regulate expression of genes controlling uptake, mobilization and homeostasis of macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur to ensure sufficiency without toxicity...
2017: MicroRNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088729/new-insights-into-aox2-transcriptional-regulation-in-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#20
Mariya Ostroukhova, Zhanneta Zalutskaya, Elena Ermilova
A feature of the mitochondrial electron transport chain in plants, some protists and many fungi is the presence of two terminal oxidases, the energy-conserving cytochrome oxidase and another termed alternative oxidase (AOX). AOX branches from the main respiratory chain, directly coupling the oxidation of ubiquinol with reduction of oxygen to water. The AOX genes can be divided into two discrete subfamilies, AOX1 and AOX2. Although AOX has been proposed to play essential roles in stress tolerance of organisms, the role of subfamily AOX2 is largely unknown...
April 2017: European Journal of Protistology
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