keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Children anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729940/propofol-induced-downregulation-of-nr2b-membrane-translocation-in-hippocampus-and-spatial-memory-deficits-of-neonatal-mice
#1
Yuzhu Wang, Song Han, Ruquan Han, Yue Su, Junfa Li
BACKGROUND: Thousands of infants and children are undergoing anesthesia around the world every day. But impacts of anesthetics on the developing neural system remain unclear yet. Previous evidence showed that anesthesia might affect the developing neural system. Thus, early-life anesthesia becomes a critical issue in clinical pediatric practice. Hence, propofol, a short-acting and widely applied intravenous anesthetic, has been gaining focus upon neonatal anesthesia. METHODS: Fifty-four male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into following three groups: group D6 intraperitoneally (i...
July 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713211/early-extubation-in-pediatric-heart-surgery-across-a-spectrum-of-case-complexity-impact-on-hospital-length-of-stay-and-chest-tube-days
#2
Staci Beamer, Sunita Ferns, Lloyd Edwards, Greer Gunther, Jennifer Nelson
Early extubation is increasingly common in congenital heart surgery, but there are limited outcomes data across the spectrum of case complexity. We performed a retrospective review of 201 pediatric operations using cardiopulmonary bypass between 2012 and 2014. Patients extubated in the operating room or immediately on arrival to the ICU were compared to those extubated by traditional protocols. In-hospital mortality, major complications, need for re-intubation, hospital length of stay, and chest-tube days were compared between groups and by Society of Thoracic Surgeons-European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery Congenital Heart Surgery (STAT) mortality category...
June 2017: Progress in Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712478/comparison-of-effects-of-local-anesthesia-and-two-point-acupressure-on-the-severity-of-venipuncture-pain-among-hospitalized-6-12-year-old-children
#3
Parisa Shahmohammadi Pour, Golnaz Foroogh Ameri, Majid Kazemi, Yones Jahani
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of topical anesthesia and acupressure at the Yintang (Extra 1) and the Laogong (P-8) points on the severity of venipuncture pain among hospitalized 6-12-year-old children. A sample (n = 120) of 6-12-year-old hospitalized children was recruited from two teaching hospitals located in Rafsanjan, Iran. The children were allocated to the topical anesthesia, acupressure, and control groups. For children in the topical anesthesia and the acupressure groups, eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream and two-point acupressure were used, respectively, prior to performing venipuncture, whereas children in the control group only received routine prevenipuncture care...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708753/effectiveness-of-preoperative-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-compared-with-oral-midazolam-for-the-prevention-of-emergence-delirium-in-the-pediatric-patient-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#4
James FitzSimons, Laura S Bonanno, Stephanie Pierce, Jennifer Badeaux
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is defined as a cognitive disturbance during emergence from general anesthesia resulting in hallucinations, delusions and confusion manifested by agitation, restlessness, involuntary physical movement and extreme flailing in bed. Postoperative emergence delirium develops in 12% to 18% of all children undergoing general anesthesia for surgery. This post-anesthetic phenomenon changes cognitive and psychomotor behavior, and puts pediatric patients and health care personnel at risk of injury...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707384/a-visual-analog-scale-to-assess-anxiety-in-children-during-anesthesia-induction-vas-i-results-supporting-its-validity-in-a-sample-of-day-care-surgery-patients
#5
Johan M Berghmans, Marten J Poley, Jan van der Ende, Frank Weber, Marc Van de Velde, Peter Adriaenssens, Dirk Himpe, Frank C Verhulst, Elisabeth Utens
BACKGROUND: The modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale is widely used to assess children's anxiety during induction of anesthesia, but requires training and its administration is time-consuming. A Visual Analog Scale, in contrast, requires no training, is easy-to-use and quickly completed. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate a Visual Analog Scale as a tool to assess anxiety during induction of anesthesia and to determine cut-offs to distinguish between anxious and nonanxious children...
July 14, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706621/pediatric-laparoscopy-and-adaptive-oxygenation-and-hemodynamic-changes
#6
Gloria Pelizzo, Veronica Carlini, Giulio Iacob, Noemi Pasqua, Giuseppe Maggio, Marco Brunero, Simonetta Mencherini, Annalisa De Silvestri, Valeria Calcaterra
Adaptive changes in oxygenation and hemodynamics are evaluated during pediatric laparoscopy. The children underwent laparoscopy (LAP Group, n=20) or open surgery (Open Group, n=10). Regional cerebral (rScO2) and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), heart rate (HR), diastolic (DP) and systolic pressure (SP) were monitored at different intervals: basal (T0); anesthesia induction (T1); CO2PP insufflation (T2); surgery (T3); CO2PP cessation (T4); before extubation (T5). At T1, in both the LAP and Open groups significant changes in rScO2, DP and SP were recorded compared with T0; a decrease in SatO2 was also observed at T5...
June 26, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702841/comparison-of-ketamine-and-ketofol-for-deep-sedation-and-analgesia-in-children-undergoing-laser-procedure
#7
Marija Stevic, Nina Ristic, Ivana Budic, Nebojsa Ladjevic, Branislav Trifunovic, Ivan Rakic, Marko Majstorovic, Ivana Burazor, Dusica Simic
The aim of our study was to research and evaluate cardiovascular and respiratory stability, clinical efficacy, and safety of two different anesthetic agents in pediatric patients who underwent Pulse dye (wavelength 595 nm, pulse duration 0-40 ms, power 0-40 J) and CO2 (wavelength 10,600 nm, intensity-fraxel mod with SX index 4 to 8, power 0-30 W) laser procedure. This prospective non-blinded study included 203 pediatric patients ASA I-II, aged between 1 month and 12 years who underwent short-term procedural sedation and analgesia for the laser procedure...
July 12, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700811/probing-for-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#8
REVIEW
Carisa Petris, Don Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) is a common condition causing excessive tearing in the first year of life. Infants present with excessive tearing or mucoid discharge from the eyes due to blockage of the nasolacrimal duct system, which can result in maceration of the skin of the eyelids and local infections, such as conjunctivitis, that may require antibiotics. The incidence of nasolacrimal duct obstruction in early childhood ranges from 5% to 20% and often resolves without surgery...
July 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697158/how-accurate-are-pediatric-emergency-tapes-a-comparison-of-4-emergency-tapes-with-different-length-based-weight-categorization
#9
Christian P Both, Achim Schmitz, Philipp K Buehler, Markus Weiss, Alexander R Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric emergency tapes have been developed to support paramedics and emergency physicians when dosing drugs and selecting medical equipment in pediatric emergency situations. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of 4 pediatric emergency tapes to correctly estimate patient's weight based on a large population of patients. METHODS: Patients undergoing general anesthesia between January 2012 and March 2015 with documented age, sex, body weight, and length were identified from the electronic anesthesia patient data management system of the Department of Anaesthesia, University Children's Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690745/closed-reduction-of-a-traumatic-hip-dislocation-in-children-case-report
#10
Achraf El Bakkaly, Fouad Ettayebi, Houda Oubeja, Mounir Erraji, Hicham Zerhouni
Traumatic dislocation of the hip in children is a rare disease. It only represents 5% of hip dislocations in all age groups. Before 10 years, the mechanism is often a minimal domestic accident; after 10 years, the dislocation occurs with the waning of an accident of the public highway. It is different from that of the adult by its rarity, its ease of reduction and better prognosis. This is an emergency trauma: risk necrosis of the femoral head (If delayed reduction). We report a rare case of a 3 year old boy, who suffered from bipolar trauma after a fall near his height of his house causing him a detachment of the right humerus and post-traumatic dislocation of the left hip...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688993/fat-demented-and-stupid-an-unrecognized-legacy-of-pediatric-urology
#11
REVIEW
Christopher S Cooper
The human body is an unfathomably intricate structure consisting of many connected and intertwined systems. This makes it impossible for therapeutic interventions to selectively target only one physiologic system without some impact or side effects on all the other systems. The resiliency of the human body modifies and disguises side effects, some of which may be undetectable for years and not apparent without scientific investigation. Pediatric urologists employ relatively few medications for the common conditions they treat and in general these consist of antibiotics, anticholinergics, and anesthetics...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687405/colonization-with-19f-and-other-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-serotypes-in-children-in-st-louis-missouri-usa
#12
Michelle McFarland, Taylor P Szasz, Julie Y Zhou, Kara Motley, Janardan S Sivapalan, Megan Isaacson-Schmid, Elizabeth M Todd, Patrick G Hogan, Stephanie A Fritz, Carey-Ann D Burnham, Steen Hoffmann, Sharon Celeste Morley
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of nasopharyngeal (NP) pneumococcal carriage varies with geography and has changed in response to pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV): a low prevalence (3% or less of colonizing isolates) of colonization by vaccine-type (VT) pneumococcal serotypes after PCV introduction has been reported. The primary goal of this study was to determine the VT serotype prevalence of NP pneumococcal colonization of children residing in the St. Louis, MO, USA metropolitan area following introduction of the 13-valent PCV in 2010...
July 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678071/reporting-of-perioperative-adverse-events-by-pediatric-anesthesiologists-at-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital-targeted-interventions-to-increase-the-rate-of-reporting
#13
Glyn D Williams, Matthew K Muffly, Julianne M Mendoza, Nina Wixson, Kit Leong, Rebecca E Claure
BACKGROUND: Incident reporting systems (IRSs) are important patient safety tools for identifying risks and opportunities for improvement. A major IRS limitation is underreporting of incidents. Perioperative anesthesia IRSs have been established at multiple pediatric institutions and a national pediatric anesthesia IRS for perioperative serious adverse events (SAEs) is maintained by Wake Up Safe (WUS), a patient safety organization dedicated to pediatric anesthesia quality improvement...
July 1, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675609/effects-of-intravenous-fentanyl-around-the-end-of-surgery-on-emergence-agitation-in-children-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Namo Kim, Jin Ha Park, Jong Seok Lee, Taeyang Choi, Min-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation is a serious postoperative problem in children undergoing general anesthesia. The use of fentanyl around the end of surgery has been proposed to prevent emergence agitation. However, the efficacy and disadvantages of this method remain uncertain because previous results have not been consistent, depending on the variable assessed. METHODS: In July 2016, the PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, and KoreaMed were searched for randomized controlled trials that compared fentanyl (1 μg/kg) and placebo administered around the end of surgery to prevent emergence agitation after general anesthesia in children between birth and 14 years of age...
July 4, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675504/ultrasound-assessment-of-gastric-emptying-after-breakfast-in-healthy-preschool-children
#15
Anne E Sümpelmann, Robert Sümpelmann, Michael Lorenz, Ilona Eberwien, Nils Dennhardt, Dietmar Boethig, Sebastian G Russo
BACKGROUND: In current guidelines, 6 hours of fasting is recommended for solids to limit the risk of pulmonary aspiration during anesthesia in children. Ultrasonography has recently been introduced to evaluate gastric volumes in children in the context of preanesthetic fasting. Therefore, in this study, we firstly evaluated the precision of ultrasound assessment of gastric volume in an experimental setting and secondly studied gastric emptying times after a normal breakfast in healthy preschool children using ultrasound...
July 4, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669962/-effects-of-different-doses-of-dexmedetomidine-combined-with-ropivacaine-for-brachial-plexus-nerve-block-in-children-undergoing-polydactyly-surgery
#16
Shi-Hui Yang, Wei-Guo Sun, Yong-le Li, Xiang-Nan Chen, Dong-Mei Qi, Yi-Juan Sun
OBJECTIVE: To observe the anesthetic effect and safety of different doses of dexmedetomidine combined with ropivacaine for brachial plexus nerve block in children undergoing polydactyly surgery. METHODS: Eighty children undergoing polydactyly surgery were randomized into 4 groups to receive brachial plexus nerve block with dexmedetomidine at 0.25, 0.50 or 0.75 µg/kg combined with 0.25% ropivacaine (0.20 mL/kg) (D1, D2, and D3 groups, respectively) or with 0.25% ropivacaine (0...
June 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668199/chronic-respiratory-failure-utilization-of-a-pediatric-specialty-integrated-care-program
#17
Robert J Graham, Michael L McManus, Angie Mae Rodday, Ruth Ann Weidner, Susan K Parsons
OBJECTIVE: Describe utilization and satisfaction in a specialty integrated care program for children with severe, chronic respiratory insufficiency (CRI). SUBJECTS: Enrollees of the Critical Care, Anesthesia, Perioperative Extension (CAPE) and Home Ventilation Program. METHODS: Children with CRI received home visits, care coordination, and "on-demand" 24/7 access to physicians. Program activity and outcomes were recorded for 3 years using an adapted Care Coordination Measurement Tool© version...
March 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667359/sensitivity-of-susceptibility-weighted-imaging-in-detecting-developmental-venous-anomalies-and-associated-cavernomas-and-microhemorrhages-in-children
#18
Allen Young, Andrea Poretti, Thangamadhan Bosemani, Reema Goel, Thierry A G M Huisman
PURPOSE: Developmental venous anomalies (DVA) are common neuroimaging abnormalities that are traditionally diagnosed by contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images as the gold standard. We aimed to evaluate the sensitivity of SWI in detecting DVA and associated cavernous malformations (CM) and microhemorrhages in children in order to determine if SWI may replace contrast-enhanced MRI sequences. METHODS: Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images were used as diagnostic gold standard for DVA...
June 30, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661930/simultaneous-versus-sequential-ptosis-and-strabismus-surgery-in-children
#19
Karen E Revere, Gil Binenbaum, Jonathan Li, Monte D Mills, William R Katowitz, James A Katowitz
PURPOSE: The authors sought to compare the clinical outcomes of simultaneous versus sequential ptosis and strabismus surgery in children. METHODS: Retrospective, single-center cohort study of children requiring both ptosis and strabismus surgery on the same eye. Simultaneous surgeries were performed during a single anesthetic event; sequential surgeries were performed at least 7 weeks apart. Outcomes were ptosis surgery success (margin reflex distance 1 ≥ 2 mm, good eyelid contour, and good eyelid crease); strabismus surgery success (ocular alignment within 10 prism diopters of orthophoria and/or improved head position); surgical complications; and reoperations...
June 28, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658119/is-neuromuscular-blocker-needed-in-children-undergoing-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-a-prospective-randomized-and-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bon-Wook Koo, Kyu-Whan Jung, Ah-Young Oh, Eun-Young Kim, Hyo-Seok Na, Eun-Su Choi, Kwang-Suk Seo
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative neuromuscular blocker is widely used, but is known to be associated with postoperative residual paralysis, which is known to be associated with increased risk of pulmonary complications. Hence, its use should be individualized and restricted to procedures where it is mandatory. We examined whether not using a neuromuscular blocker affects the surgical conditions in children undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy. METHODS: Anesthesia was induced and maintained with sevoflurane in 60% nitrous oxide, and the airway was maintained using an I-gel...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
120867
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"