keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Children anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210706/clinical-evidence-for-any-effect-of-anesthesia-on-the-developing-brain
#1
Andrew J Davidson, Lena S Sun
A recent U.S. Food and Drug Administration warning advised that prolonged or repeated exposure to general anesthetics may affect neurodevelopment in children. This warning is based on a wealth of preclinical animal studies and relatively few human studies. The human studies include a variety of different populations with several different outcome measures. Interpreting the results requires consideration of the outcome used, the power of the study, the length of exposure and the efforts to reduce the confounding effects of comorbidity and surgery...
November 28, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208169/effect-of-melatonin-on-cytokine-levels-in-a-hyperthermia-induced-febrile-seizure-model
#2
Leyla Aydin, Erkan Yurtcu, Yeşim Korkmaz, Taner Sezer, Ersin Ogus
Higher serum cytokine levels have been reported in children admitted with febrile seizures and in some experimental models. However, other studies have shown that cytokine levels are influenced by melatonin. In this study, we investigated serum cytokine levels in a hyperthermia-induced febrile rat seizure model and the effect of melatonin. A total of 28 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: the control (C) group, healthy melatonin (MT) group, and hyperthermia-induced febrile seizure groups with (HIFS-MT) and without (HIFS) administration of melatonin...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205687/ultrasound-guided-pudendal-nerve-block-in-children-a-new-technique-of-ultrasound-guided-transperineal-approach
#3
Isabelle Gaudet-Ferrand, Pablo De La Arena, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Laurent Hertz, Nicolas Kalfa, Chrystelle Sola, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: Transperineal pudendal nerve block guided by nerve stimulator is used in pediatric anesthesia as an alternative to caudal analgesia in perineal surgery. The risk of rectal puncture or intravascular injection is inherent to this blinded technique. We described a new technique of transperineal pudendal nerve block, with ultrasound guidance, to improve safety of the technique. AIMS: The first goal of this study was to describe this new technique and to test its feasibility...
December 5, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205686/ultrasound-guided-lower-forearm-median-nerve-block-in-open-surgery-for-trigger-thumb-in-1-to-3-year-old-children-a-randomized-trial
#4
Wei Liu, Jianxia Liu, Xingqin Tan, Shouyong Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Trigger thumb is a common hand disability in children and is primarily treated with open surgery. A conscious median nerve block can usually meet the requirements for trigger thumb-releasing surgery in adults; however, its effectiveness in children requires further clarification. The present study aims to demonstrate whether ultrasound-guided lower forearm median nerve blockade is a viable option for children undergoing open surgery for trigger thumb. METHODS: A prospective randomized study was designed to compare median nerve blocks guided by ultrasonography with those guided by anatomic landmarks...
December 5, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205669/prospective-analysis-of-serious-cardiorespiratory-events-in-children-during-ophthalmic-artery-chemotherapy-for-retinoblastoma-under-a-deep-standardized-anesthesia
#5
Marie-Claire Nghe, Anne Godier, Anoushée Shaffii, Isabelle Leblanc, Hervé Picard, Raphaël Blanc, Livia Lumbroso-Le Rouic, Jean-Michel Devys
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Serious adverse cardiorespiratory events complicate super selective ophthalmic artery chemotherapy for retinoblastoma in anesthetized children. Their mechanism remains unclear but may be attributed to an autonomic nervous reflex induced by the catheter close to the ophthalmic artery. Inadequate depth of anesthesia during catheter stimulation might be an aggravating factor. Thus, we tested whether deep general anesthesia reduced the incidence of serious cardiorespiratory events...
December 5, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205613/survival-of-extensive-restorations-in-primary-molars-15-year-practice-based-study
#6
Battsetseg Tseveenjav, Jussi Furuholm, Aida Mulic, Håkon Valen, Tuomo Maisala, Seppo Turunen, Sinikka Varsio, Merja Auero, Leo Tjäderhane
BACKGROUND: Caries decline in the western world is accompanied by strong polarization among children; 8% of Finnish 5-year-olds having 76% of untreated caries. This high caries risk group needs preventive and restorative strategies. AIM: To explore survival of extensive restorations in primary molars. DESIGN: This study was based on health records from 2002 to 2016 of children under 18 years. RESULTS: Of severely affected primary molars (n = 1061), 41% were restored with preformed metal crowns (PMCs), 38% with glass-ionomer cement (GIC)/polyacid-modified resin composite (PAMRC)/resin-modified GIC (RMGIC), and 21% with resin composites (RC)...
December 3, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201358/association-of-postoperative-nausea-vomiting-and-pain-with-breastfeeding-success
#7
Ramon Abola, Jamie Romeiser, Suman Grewal, Sabeen Rizwan, Rishimani Adsumelli, Ellen Steinberg, Elliott Bennett-Guerrero
Background: Successful breastfeeding is a goal set forth by the World Health Organization to improve neonatal care. Increasingly, patients express the desire to breastfeed, and clinicians should facilitate successful breastfeeding. The primary aim of this study is to determine if postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) or postoperative pain are associated with decreased breastfeeding success after cesarean delivery. Methods: This is a historical cohort study using the Stony Brook Elective Cesarean Delivery Database...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200371/comparison-of-anesthesia-for-dental-oral-surgery-by-office-based-dentist-anesthesiologists-versus-operating-room-based-physician-anesthesiologists
#8
Mark A Saxen, Richard D Urman, Juan F Yepes, Rodney A Gabriel, James E Jones
Few studies have examined the practice characteristics of dentist anesthesiologists and compared them to other anesthesia providers. Using outcomes from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry and the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry for dental/oral surgery procedures, we compared 7133 predominantly office-based anesthetics by dentist anesthesiologists to 106,420 predominantly operating room anesthetics performed by physician anesthesia providers. These encounters were contrasted with 34,191 previously published encounters from the practices of oral and maxillofacial surgeons...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199541/impact-of-temperature-on-the-narcotrend-index-during-hypothermic-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-children-with-sevoflurane-anesthesia
#9
Nils Dennhardt, Christiane Beck, Dietmar Boethig, Sebastian Heiderich, Alexander Horke, Sebastian Tiedge, Martin Boehne, Robert Sümpelmann
BACKGROUND: During cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in children, anesthesia maintained by sevoflurane administered via the oxygenator is increasingly common. Anesthetic uptake and requirement may be influenced by the non-physiological conditions during hypothermic CPB. Narcotrend-processed EEG monitoring may, therefore, be useful to guide the administration of sevoflurane during this phase. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective, clinical, observational study was to assess the correlation between body temperature, Narcotrend Index (NI) and administered sevoflurane in children during CPB...
December 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191343/an-age-based-approach-to-dermatologic-surgery-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#10
Breton Yates, James Whalen, Hanspaul Makkar
Surgical dermatologic procedures in children pose unique challenges that differ from those in adults. Child and parental anxiety, along with procedural anxiety in adults, necessitate different approaches. Special considerations are reviewed in the application of topical anesthesia and administration of local anesthesia in children as opposed to adults, and the use and safety of general anesthesia in children is highlighted. In addition, management of postprocedural analgesia differs in children, largely due to concern for safety of opioids in children...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189536/incidence-of-fractures-from-perioperative-blood-pressure-cuff-use-tourniquet-use-and-patient-positioning-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#11
Brian T Sullivan, Adam Margalit, Vaibhav S Garg, Dolores B Njoku, Paul D Sponseller
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare connective tissue disease with varying severity. Patients with OI are highly susceptible to skeletal fractures. Optimal perioperative management of these patients is not well defined. We investigated the risks associated with intraoperative use of noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) cuffs, tourniquets, and intra-arterial catheters, and patient positioning in children with OI. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients younger than 21 years with OI who underwent surgery with general anesthesia from 2010 to 2016 at our tertiary care center...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189285/adjusting-pediatric-endotracheal-tube-depths-relative-to-the-cricoid-by-using-longitudinal-ultrasound-images-of-the-saline-inflated-cuff-in-the-trachea-two-case-reports
#12
Kenji Kayashima, Hayato Mizuyama, Miyuki Takesue, Taku Doi, Keiko Imai, Koji Murashima
Cuff positions of endotracheal tubes should be confirmed to ensure safe anesthesia. However, determining the cuff positions relative to the cricoid by using chest radiography or fiberoptic bronchoscopy is difficult. We identified the cephalad edges of saline-inflated pediatric endotracheal tube cuffs relative to the cricoid on longitudinal ultrasound images over the larynx and trachea in 2 children. Thereafter, we adjusted the endotracheal tube depths and confirmed the cuff positions relative to the cricoid...
November 16, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187656/-perioperative-safety-of-tibetan-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-and-anesthesia-in-low-altitude-area
#13
Yundan Pan, Jiaojiao Niu, Gang Qin, Lu Wang, Fan Zhang, E Wang
To observe the clinical parameters and short-term prognosis of Tibetan high-altitude area children with congenital heart disease undergoing surgery and anaesthesia in low-altitude area, and to investigate the perioperative safety of the treatment.
 Methods: From January, 2016 to December, 2016, 14 children with congenital heart disease who underwent surgery were assigned into 2 groups (n=7 each): the high-altitude area group (X group, children from Tibetan Autonomous Region) and the low-altitude area group (H group, children from Hunan Province)...
November 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187151/pediatric-premedication-a-double-blind-randomized-trial-of-dexmedetomidine-or-ketamine-alone-versus-a-combination-of-dexmedetomidine-and-ketamine
#14
Hui Qiao, Zhi Xie, Jie Jia
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety is common in pediatric patients. When dexmedetomidine is used alone for sedation as premedication, children tend to awaken when separated from their parents, and body movements occur during invasive procedures. We tested the hypothesis that the combination of dexmedetomidine and ketamine may be a useful premedication to alleviate preoperative anxiety and improve cooperation during intravenous cannulation in pediatric patients, while producing minimal adverse events...
November 29, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182129/anatomical-and-functional-evaluation-of-diaphyseal-femoral-fractures-in-children-under-6-years-old
#15
A Alhefzi, D Alshammari, L Bund, L Schneider, P Gicquel
Objective : The aim of this study is to evaluate both the anatomical and functional consequences of our treatment protocol of diaphyseal femoral fractures in children under 6 years old Methods : We conducted a retrospective analysis of a series containing 50 children in Strasbourg University Hospital whom had traumatic diaphyseal femoral fractures and underwent conservative treatment by traction followed by casting with a mean follow-up period of 25 months. Results : All fractures healed without complications i...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181580/ionizing-radiation-from-computed-tomography-versus-anesthesia-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-infants-and-children-patient-safety-considerations
#16
REVIEW
Michael J Callahan, Robert D MacDougall, Sarah D Bixby, Stephan D Voss, Richard L Robertson, Joseph P Cravero
In the context of health care, risk assessment is the identification, evaluation and estimation of risk related to a particular clinical situation or intervention compared to accepted medical practice standards. The goal of risk assessment is to determine an acceptable level of risk for a given clinical treatment or intervention in association with the provided clinical circumstances for a patient or group of patients. In spite of the inherent challenges related to risk assessment in pediatric cross-sectional imaging, the potential risks of ionizing radiation and sedation/anesthesia in the pediatric population are thought to be quite small...
November 27, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181203/conducting-prolonged-general-anesthesia-without-intravenous-access-in-a-child-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#17
Phat T Dang, Binjon Sriratana
Children with chronic medical conditions often need multiple intravenous (IV) access instances during their hospitalizations, both peripheral and central. Obtaining a working IV in this patient population undergoing general anesthesia can be challenging. In our case report, we describe a method of administering general anesthesia in an infant with partially repaired hypoplastic left heart syndrome without IV access.
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171485/-intraoperative-cerebroprotection-in-total-intravenous-anesthesia-in-children-of-school-age
#18
A M Ovezov, M V Panteleeva, A V Lugovoy
AIM: To improve the quality of anesthesia in school-age children by using intraoperative metabolic-mediated cerebroprotection to reduce the incidence of cognitive impairment after total intravenous anesthesia based on propofol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized, prospective, longitudinal clinical study was conducted, involving 60 school-age children operated under total intravenous anesthesia on the basis of propofol. Children were randomized into two equal groups...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168156/the-anesthetic-management-of-button-battery-ingestion-in-children
#19
Richard J Ing, Monica Hoagland, Lena Mayes, Mark Twite
PURPOSE: Injuries related to button battery ingestion are common in children. This review provides an outline of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, management, and anesthetic implications in children who have ingested a button battery. SOURCE: A literature search was conducted in the United States National Library of Medicine PubMed database using the terms "button battery ingestion" and "children' and "removal" and "surgery" and "anesthesia". Ninety-six articles published in English were found from 1983-2017, and 62 of these articles were incorporated into this review...
November 22, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166854/a-single-dose-of-dezocine-suppresses-emergence-agitation-in-preschool-children-anesthetized-with-sevoflurane-remifentanil
#20
Li-Jun An, Yang Zhang, Zheng Su, Xian-Long Zhang, Hai-Lin Liu, Zhi-Jie Zhang, Jian-Lin Hu, Shi-Tong Li
BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) is a common phenomenon in preschool children during emergence from general anesthesia. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of dezocine for emergence agitation in preschool children anesthetized with sevoflurane-remifentanil. METHODS: A total of 100 preschool children, scheduled for elective laparoscopic repair of an inguinal hernia by high ligation of the hernia sac under sevoflurane-remifentanil anesthesia were randomized into two groups: Group C (n = 50) received Ringer's lactate 10 mL and Group D received Ringer's lactate 10 mL containing dezocine 0...
November 22, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
keyword
keyword
120867
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"