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Volume overload

Sami Nimer Ghazal
Severe chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) is known to cause left ventricular volume overload and subsequently left ventricular dilatation. Here, we present a case of a 68-year-old man with severe chronic MR which happened to coexist with atrial septal defect of secundum type leading to the right ventricular dilatation.
April 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Martina Nassif, Frank van der Kley, Mohammad Abdelghani, Deborah N Kalkman, Rianne H A C M de Bruin-Bon, Berto J Bouma, Martin J Schalij, David R Koolbergen, Jan G P Tijssen, Barbara J M Mulder, Robbert J de Winter
Aims: Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) associated with atrial septal defects (ASDs) is frequently present due to right-sided volume-overload. Tricuspid valve (TV) repair is often considered in candidates for surgical ASD closure, and percutaneous TV repair is currently under clinical investigation. In this study, we develop a prediction model to identify patients with residual moderate/severe TR after percutaneous ASD closure. Methods and results: In this observational study, 172 adult patients (26% male, age 49 ± 17 years) with successful percutaneous ASD closure had pre- and post-procedural echocardiography...
June 13, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Daniel J Feller, Marissa Burgermaster, Matthew E Levine, Arlene Smaldone, Patricia G Davidson, David J Albers, Lena Mamykina
Objective: To develop and test a visual analytics tool to help clinicians identify systematic and clinically meaningful patterns in patient-generated data (PGD) while decreasing perceived information overload. Methods: Participatory design was used to develop Glucolyzer, an interactive tool featuring hierarchical clustering and a heatmap visualization to help registered dietitians (RDs) identify associative patterns between blood glucose levels and per-meal macronutrient composition for individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM)...
June 13, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Daniel Stocker, Mustafa R Bashir, Stephan A R Kannengiesser, Cäcilia S Reiner
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the performance of an automated workflow of volumetric liver proton density fat fraction (PDFFvol) and R2* quantification with automated inline liver volume (LV) segmentation. METHODS: Dual-echo and multiecho Dixon magnetic resonance images were evaluated in 74 consecutive patients (group A, PDFF < 10%; B, PDFF ≥ 10%; C, R2* ≥ 100 s; D, post-hemihepatectomy). The values of PDFFvol and R2*vol measurements across the LV were generated on multiecho images in an automated fashion based on inline liver segmentation on dual-echo images...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Frederik H Verbrugge
Diuretic resistance is a powerful predictor of adverse outcome in acute heart failure (AHF), irrespectively of underlying glomerular filtration rate. Metrics of diuretic efficacy such as natriuresis, urine output, weight loss, net fluid balance, or fractional sodium excretion, differ in their risk for measurement error, convenience, and biological plausibility, which should be taken into account when interpreting their results. Loop diuretic resistance in AHF has multiple causes including altered drug pharmacokinetics, impaired renal perfusion and effective circulatory volume, neurohumoral activation, post-diuretic sodium retention, the braking phenomenon and functional as well as structural adaptations in the nephron...
June 2018: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Puneet Agarwal, Renu Agarwal
Disturbances of extracellular matrix (ECM) homeostasis cause increased aqueous outflow resistance leading to elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in glaucomatous eyes. Therefore, restoration of ECM homeostasis is a rational approach to prevent disease progression. Since renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibition positively alters ECM homeostasis in cardiovascular pathologies involving pressure and volume overload, it is likely that RAS inhibitors reduce IOP primarily by restoring ECM homeostasis. Areas covered: Current evidence showing the presence of RAS components in ocular tissue and its role in regulating aqueous humor dynamics is briefly summarized...
June 8, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
C Mottola, N Girerd, S Coiro, Z Lamiral, P Rossignol, L Frimat, S Girerd
AIM: B-lines count measured with lung ultrasound (LUS) quantifies extravascular lung water and is validated in the setting of acute cardiac failure or chronic dialysis. Patients are often kept in moderately overhydrated states during the early postoperative period following kidney transplantation (KT). We described congestion changes during the early postoperative period following KT and the feasibility of LUS in this setting. METHODS: LUS (28 scanning-points method) and inferior vena cava (IVC) measurements were routinely performed in 36 patients after KT...
June 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Shuhui Dai, Ya Hua, Richard F Keep, Nemanja Novakovic, Zhou Fei, Guohua Xi
Brain iron overload is involved in brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). There is evidence that systemic administration of minocycline reduces brain iron level and improves neurological outcome in experimental models of hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. However, there is evidence in cerebral ischemia that minocycline is not protective in aged female animals. Since most ICH research has used male models, this study was designed to provide an overall view of ICH-induced iron deposits at different time points (1 to 28 days) in aged (18-month old) female Fischer 344 rat ICH model and to investigate the neuroprotective effects of minocycline in those rats...
June 4, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
Yasushi Ohashi, Ken Sakai, Hiroki Hase, Nobuhiko Joki
Fluid volume overload is common and is associated with adverse outcomes in hemodialysis patients. Practicing physicians individually manage fluid volume balance in their dialysis patients according to blood pressure, interdialytic weight gain, cardiac function, nutritional status, and other comorbidities. However, accurate assessment of fluid volume status remains a concern. Indicators of dry weight target have been explored further with newer concepts and technologies. In general, total body water comprises approximately 50%-60% of adult body weight (range, 45%-75%), and water comprises 73...
June 6, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
Jackson J Liang, Santhisri Kodali, Robert D Schaller, Edo Y Birati, Francis E Marchlinski, Pasquale Santangeli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 4, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Marianne Wessling-Resnick
Because both the host and pathogen require iron, the innate immune response carefully orchestrates control over iron metabolism to limit its availability during times of infection. Nutritional iron deficiency can impair host immunity, while iron overload can cause oxidative stress to propagate harmful viral mutations. An emerging enigma is that many viruses use the primary gatekeeper of iron metabolism, the transferrin receptor, as a means to enter cells. Why and how this iron gate is a viral target for infection are the focus of this review...
May 31, 2018: Annual Review of Nutrition
S Horst, R Kawati, J Rasmusson, A Pikwer, M Castegren, M Lipcsey
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic fluid overload is associated with increased mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU). Decisions on fluid therapy may, at times, be based on other factors than physiological endpoints. We hypothesized that because of psychological factors volume of available fluid bags would affect the amount of resuscitation fluid administered to ICU patients. METHODS: We performed a prospective intervention cross-over study at 3 Swedish ICUs by replacing the standard resuscitation fluid bag of Ringer's Acetate 1000 mL with 500 mL bags (intervention group) for 5 separate months and then compared it with the standard bag size for 5 months (control group)...
May 30, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Vaia D Raikou, Despina Kyriaki
Background: Intradialytic hypertension was associated with a high mortality risk. We examined the relationship between intradialytic hypertension and metabolic disorders in hemodialysis treatment patients. Methods: We studied 76 patients in online hemodiafiltration. Dialysis adequacy was defined by Kt / V for urea. Normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), as a marker of protein intake, was calculated. Sodium removal was determined as percent sodium removal. Metabolic acidosis was determined by serum bicarbonate less than 22 mmol/L...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
Szymon Skoczynski, Katarzyna Wyskida, Patrycja Rzepka-Wrona, Magdalena Wyskida, Ewa Uszok-Gawel, Dawid Bartocha, Lukasz Krzych, Wladysław Pierzchala, Adam Barczyk
Whole lung lavage (WLL) under general anesthesia with a double-lumen endobronchial intubation has remained standard treatment option for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) for over fifty years now. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) as an innovative alternative, which enables safe and effective treatment. NIV support enabled cost-effective lavage of the most affected segments and resulted in restoration and long-term maintenance of exercise capacity and diffusion, without WLL related hypoxaemia, volume overload, intubation, or mechanical ventilation related complications...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Van K Ninh, Elia Ec El Hajj, Alan J Mouton, Milad C El Hajj, Nicholas W Gilpin, Jason D Gardner
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is among the most commonly abused drugs worldwide and affects many organ systems, including the heart. Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is characterized by a dilated cardiac phenotype with extensive hypertrophy and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. We have previously shown that chronic ethanol administration accelerates the progression to heart failure in a rat model of volume overload. However, the mechanism by which this decompensation occurs is unknown. For this study, we hypothesized that chronic ethanol administration would prevent compensatory hypertrophy and cardiac remodeling in a rodent model of pressure overload (PO)...
May 30, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Ting-Tse Lin, Wei-Shun Yang, Mu-Yang Hsieh, Chih-Chen Wu, Lian-Yu Lin
Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and may be secondary to arterial stiffness and volume overload. It is unclear whether LVH is caused by autonomic nerve dysregulation (AND), a frequent condition in patients with ESRD that is characterized by sympathetic hyperactivity and vagal withdrawal. We hypothesized that AND estimated by heart rate variability (HRV) may be associated with LVH in patients with ESRD. Methods: We prospectively enrolled patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis...
May 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Yashuo Zhao, Zhen Xin, Nina Li, Shiyang Chang, Yandong Chen, Lina Geng, Hengrui Chang, Honglian Shi, Yan-Zhong Chang
In order to discover new drug delivery approaches and to understand the mechanism of iron overload in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), we aimed to investigate the effects of lycopene (LYC) in the form of nano-liposomes (L-LYC) on iron-regulating proteins and ischemic brain injury. We found that L-LYC significantly increased the LYC content in serum and the brain. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats treated with L-LYC for 14 days were subjected to 60min of ischemia and 7 days of reperfusion. The effects of L-LYC were evaluated by infarction volume, neurological score, neuronal apoptosis, and markers for oxidative stress...
May 25, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Antoinette Bugyei-Twum, Christopher Ford, Robert Civitarese, Jessica Seegobin, Suzanne L Advani, Jean-Francois Desjardins, Golam Kabir, Yanling Zhang, Melissa Mitchell, Jennifer Switzer, Kerri Thai, Vanessa Shen, Armin Abadeh, Krishna K Singh, Filio Billia, Andrew A Advani, Richard E Gilbert, Kim A Connelly
Aims: Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is a prosclerotic cytokine involved in cardiac remodeling leading to heart failure (HF). Acetylation/de-acetylation of specific lysine residues in Smad2/3 has been shown to regulate TGF-β signaling by altering its transcriptional activity. Recently, the lysine de-acetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) has been shown to have a cardioprotective effect; however SIRT1 expression and activity are paradoxically reduced in HF. Here, we investigate whether pharmacological activation of SIRT1 would induce cardioprotection in a pressure overload model and assess the impact of SIRT1 activation on TGF-β signaling and the fibrotic response...
May 25, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
Mihály Ruppert, Sevil Korkmaz-Icöz, Sivakkanan Loganathan, Weipeng Jiang, Lorenz H Lehmann, Attila Oláh, Alex Ali Sayour, Bálint András Barta, Béla Merkely, Matthias Karck, Tamás Radovits, Gábor Szabó
Sex differences in pressure overload (PO)-induced left ventricular (LV) myocardial hypertrophy (LVH) have been intensely investigated. Nevertheless, sex-related disparities of LV hemodynamics in LVH were not examined in detail. Therefore, we aimed to provide a detailed characterization of distinct aspects of LV function in male and female rats during different stages of LVH. Banding of the abdominal aorta (AB) was performed to induce PO for 6 or 12 weeks in male and female rats. Control animals underwent sham operation...
May 25, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Sabrina Lueck, Eike Bormann, Kathrin Rellensmann, Sven Martens, Andreas Rukosujew
BACKGROUND: Many patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) who underwent surgical correction of their congenital cardiac malformation during infancy develop right ventricular dysfunction and exercise intolerance in the long term. The right ventricle (RV) dilates due to the development of severe pulmonary regurgitation (and secondary tricuspid insufficiency). To reduce RV dilation and improve exercise tolerance pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) is the common therapeutic strategy. Whether concomitant tricuspid valve repair (TVR) is beneficial in these pure volume-overload conditions is still unknown...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
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