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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868437/can-we-address-depression-in-vision-rehabilitation-settings-professionals-perspectives-on-the-barriers-to-integrating-problem-solving-treatment
#1
Edith Holloway, Bonnie Sturrock, Ecosse Lamoureux, Jill Keeffe, Mark Hegel, Robin Casten, David Mellor, Gwyneth Rees
PURPOSE: Low vision rehabilitation (LVR) is a pertinent context for integrating early, evidence-based psychological interventions given the high prevalence of untreated depression in adults with vision impairment. This study aims to identify the perceived barriers and facilitators to staff-delivered telephone-based problem-solving treatment for primary care (PST-PC) offered as an integrated component of LVR. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews, developed using the theoretical domains framework (TDF) and Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), were conducted with 21 LVR professionals and a clinical psychologist involved in the delivery of PST-PC...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867460/percutaneous-dual-valve-intervention-in-a-high-risk-patient-with-severe-aortic-and-mitral-stenosis
#2
Blaz Mrevlje, Mohamad Aboukura, Christoph A Nienaber
Aortic stenosis is the most frequent and mitral stenosis is the least frequent native single-sided valve disease in Europe. Patients with the combination of severe symptomatic degenerative aortic and mitral stenosis are very rare. Guidelines for the treatment of heart valve diseases are clear for single-valve situations. However, there is no common agreement or recommendation for the best treatment strategy in patients with multiple valve disease and severe concomitant comorbidities. A 76-year-old female patient with the combination of severe degenerative symptomatic aortic and mitral stenosis and several comorbidities including severe obesity, who was found unsuitable surgical candidate by the heart team and unsuitable for two-time general anesthesia in the case of two-step single-valve percutaneous approach by anesthesiologists, underwent successful percutaneous dual-valve single-intervention (transcatheter aortic valve implantation and percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy)...
July 2016: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861373/physician-perspectives-on-de-intensifying-diabetes-medications
#3
Natalia Genere, Robert M Sargis, Christopher M Masi, Aviva G Nathan, Michael T Quinn, Elbert S Huang, Neda Laiteerapong
Guidelines for diabetes care recommend that physicians select individualized glycemic goals based on life expectancy, diabetes duration, comorbidity, and resources/support. When patients have stable hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) levels, guidelines lack recommendations on when diabetes medications should be de-intensified.To understand physicians' perspectives on de-intensifying diabetes medications in patients with type 2 diabetes.Cross-sectional survey, (February-June, 2015).Academic medical center and suburban integrated health system...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849494/inpatient-trauma-focused-treatment-for-veterans-implementation-and-evaluation-of-patient-perceptions-and-outcomes-of-an-integrated-evidence-based-treatment-approach
#4
Deleene S Menefee, Wendy S Leopoulos, Jana K Tran, Ellen Teng, Jill Wanner, Elisabeth Wilde, Stephen McCauley, Susan X Day
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment suggest that inpatient care may be warranted when the severity of the clinical presentation is marred with significant concerns about suicidality and psychiatric comorbidity. Yet, limited guidance exists on conducting trauma-focused treatment in acute hospital settings beyond the traditional medical or stabilization model. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this current article is to describe and evaluate the integration of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for PTSD implemented in two gender-specific, Veterans Affairs inpatient programs...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825371/effective-and-safe-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-in-acid-related-diseases-a-position-paper-addressing-benefits-and-potential-harms-of-acid-suppression
#5
EDITORIAL
Carmelo Scarpignato, Luigi Gatta, Angelo Zullo, Corrado Blandizzi
BACKGROUND: The introduction of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) into clinical practice has revolutionized the management of acid-related diseases. Studies in primary care and emergency settings suggest that PPIs are frequently prescribed for inappropriate indications or for indications where their use offers little benefit. Inappropriate PPI use is a matter of great concern, especially in the elderly, who are often affected by multiple comorbidities and are taking multiple medications, and are thus at an increased risk of long-term PPI-related adverse outcomes as well as drug-to-drug interactions...
November 9, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799842/variations-in-the-management-of-fibromyalgia-by-physician-specialty-rheumatology-versus-primary-care
#6
Stephen L Able, Rebecca L Robinson, Kurt Kroenke, Philip Mease, David A Williams, Yi Chen, Madelaine Wohlreich, Bill H McCarberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of physician specialty regarding diagnosis and treatment of fibromyalgia (FM) and assess the clinical status of patients initiating new treatment for FM using data from Real-World Examination of Fibromyalgia: Longitudinal Evaluation of Costs and Treatments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Outpatients from 58 sites in the United States were enrolled. Data were collected via in-office surveys and telephone interviews. Pairwise comparisons by specialty were made using chi-square, Fisher's exact tests, and Student's t-tests...
2016: Pragmat Obs Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778533/quality-of-life-clinical-outcome-personality-and-coping-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Giuseppina D'Onofrio, Mariadelina Simeoni, Paolo Rizza, Mariarita Caroleo, Maria Capria, Giovanni Mazzitello, Tiziana Sacco, Elena Mazzuca, Maria Teresa Panzino, Annamaria Cerantonio, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Michele Andreucci, Pasquale De Fazio, Giorgio Fuiano
RATIONAL: Our aim was to investigate the quality of life (QoL) in 103 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) in an integrated assessment of clinical, personological, and adaptation parameters, also in a non-urban context. OBJECTIVES: We collected data from all chronic HD patients attending four HD units. Clinical status was assessed by Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guidelines and by Age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (ACCI). Patients completed the following questionnaires: Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form (KDQOL-SF), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
October 25, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768569/refractory-depression-fatigue-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-chronic-pain-a-functional-medicine-case-report
#8
Gregory Plotnikoff, Melissa Barber
INTRODUCTION: Single-disorder or single-organ-system clinical practice guidelines are often of limited usefulness in guiding effective management of patients with chronic multidimensional signs and symptoms. The presence of multiple long-standing medical problems in a given patient despite intensive medical effort suggests that addressing systemic core imbalances could complement more narrowly focused approaches. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old man experiencing longstanding depression, fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome, and chronic pain in the context of additional refractory illnesses was assessed and treated, guided by a system-oriented approach to underlying core imbalances termed functional medicine...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759337/management-practices-in-indian-patients-with-uncontrolled-hypertension
#9
Rajkumar Bharatia, Manoj Chitale, Ganesh Narain Saxena, Raman Ganesh Kumar, Chikkalingaiah, Abhijit Trailokya, Kalpesh Dalvi, Suhas Talele
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (HTN), being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), is an important issue of medical and public health. High blood pressure (BP) is ranked as the third most important risk factor for attributable burden of disease in south Asia (2010). Hypertension (HTN) exerts a substantial public health burden on cardiovascular health status and healthcare systems in India. Uncontrolled hypertension among adults with hypertension is associated with increased mortality...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754289/br-08-1-high-sodium-intake-reduction-in-diabetes-with-hypertension
#10
Zhiming Zhu
Management of hypertension in diabetes is critical for reducing cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Dietary approaches for controlling high blood pressure have historically focused on sodium. Thus, many guidelines recommend that patients with type 2 diabetes reduce high sodium intake. Nonetheless, the potential benefits of sodium reduction are debatable. The kidney has a crucial role in glucose filtration and reabsorption in addition to its regulation of fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. A key factor linking sodium uptake and glucose transport is the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) in renal proximal tubular cells...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754004/js-ish-isn-3-optimal-targets-for-bp-control-in-ckd
#11
David Wheeler
Hypertension is the most prevalent complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Lowering high blood pressure slows progressive loss of kidney function and may also reduce the associated risk of cardiovascular complications, a common cause of premature death in CKD patients.Current International Guidelines produced by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) acknowledges that no single BP target is optimal for all CKD patients, and encourages individualization of treatment depending on age, the severity of albuminuria and comorbidities...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642915/js-ish-isn-3-optimal-targets-for-bp-control-in-ckd
#12
David Wheeler
Hypertension is the most prevalent complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Lowering high blood pressure slows progressive loss of kidney function and may also reduce the associated risk of cardiovascular complications, a common cause of premature death in CKD patients.Current International Guidelines produced by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) acknowledges that no single BP target is optimal for all CKD patients, and encourages individualization of treatment depending on age, the severity of albuminuria and comorbidities...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621607/managing-infective-endocarditis-in-the-elderly-new-issues-for-an-old-disease
#13
Emmanuel Forestier, Thibaut Fraisse, Claire Roubaud-Baudron, Christine Selton-Suty, Leonardo Pagani
The incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) rises in industrialized countries. Older people are more affected by this severe disease, notably because of the increasing number of invasive procedures and intracardiac devices implanted in these patients. Peculiar clinical and echocardiographic features, microorganisms involved, and prognosis of IE in elderly have been underlined in several studies. Additionally, elderly population appears quite heterogeneous, from healthy people without past medical history to patients with multiple diseases or who are even bedridden...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595070/blood-management-strategies-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
REVIEW
David Liu, Michael Dan, Sara Martinez Martos, Elaine Beller
A perioperative blood management program is one of a number of important elements for successful patient care in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and surgeons should be proactive in its application. The aims of blood conservation are to reduce the risk of blood transfusion whilst at the same time maximizing hemoglobin (Hb) in the postoperative period, leading to a positive effect on outcome and cost. An individualized strategy based on patient specific risk factors, anticipated blood loss and comorbidities are useful in achieving this aim...
September 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532155/a-retrospective-analysis-to-examine-factors-associated-with-mortality-in-medicare-beneficiaries-newly-diagnosed-with-multiple-myeloma
#15
Akeem A Yusuf, Tanya Natwick, Winifred Werther, Diana Felici, Maya Mahue, Kenneth R Bridges, Yi Peng
OBJECTIVE: Population-based data on mortality and associated factors in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) are limited. We examined the association between all-cause mortality and demographic and clinical characteristics in newly diagnosed MM patients treated with guideline-recommended chemotherapeutic agents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis used Medicare 20% data to create a cohort of adult (aged ≥18 years) newly diagnosed MM patients who received chemotherapy 2008-2011 and had no MM diagnosis in the 12 months before the disease index date...
September 16, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352586/-multimorbidity-in-primary-care-from-gps-and-patients-perspectives-a-national-database
#16
Anouk Déruaz-Luyet, Adjua Alexandra N'Goran, Lilli Herzig
Multimorbidity is often synonym with complexity and generally implies multiple medical treatments. In many cases, treatment guidelines traditionally defined for single conditions are not easily applicable. Primary care for individuals with multimorbidity requires complex patient-centered care and good communication between the patient and the general practitioner (GP). This often includes prioritizing among the different chronic conditions. The burden related to multimorbidity from the GP and the patients' perspective, as well as the prioritization of care between in patients with multimorbidity, has not been studied extensively yet...
May 11, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261682/progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Mary Alissa Willis, Robert J Fox
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many therapeutic advances for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) have occurred in the past 25 years. Although similar advances in disease-modifying therapies have not been realized in progressive MS, many symptomatic therapeutic strategies can benefit patients with progressive MS. Few guidelines exist for management of patients with progressive MS. RECENT FINDINGS: The classification of progressive MS was revised in 2013 to include a description of inflammatory disease activity determined by clinical relapses or imaging findings...
August 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228224/a-validated-case-definition-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-in-administrative-data-a-canadian-perspective
#18
Luke Rudmik, Yuan Xu, Edward Kukec, Mingfu Liu, Stafford Dean, Hude Quan
BACKGROUND: Pharmacoepidemiological research using administrative databases has become increasingly popular for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS); however, without a validated case definition the cohort evaluated may be inaccurate resulting in biased and incorrect outcomes. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a generalizable administrative database case definition for CRS using International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition (ICD-9)-coded claims. METHODS: A random sample of 100 patients with a guideline-based diagnosis of CRS and 100 control patients were selected and then linked to a Canadian physician claims database from March 31, 2010, to March 31, 2015...
May 26, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160235/basal-cell-skin-cancer-version-1-2016-nccn-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-oncology
#19
Christopher K Bichakjian, Thomas Olencki, Sumaira Z Aasi, Murad Alam, James S Andersen, Daniel Berg, Glen M Bowen, Richard T Cheney, Gregory A Daniels, L Frank Glass, Roy C Grekin, Kenneth Grossman, Susan A Higgins, Alan L Ho, Karl D Lewis, Daniel D Lydiatt, Kishwer S Nehal, Paul Nghiem, Elise A Olsen, Chrysalyne D Schmults, Aleksandar Sekulic, Ashok R Shaha, Wade L Thorstad, Malika Tuli, Marshall M Urist, Timothy S Wang, Sandra L Wong, John A Zic, Karin G Hoffmann, Anita Engh
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the skin is the most common cancer, with a higher incidence than all other malignancies combined. Although it is rare to metastasize, patients with multiple or frequently recurring BCC can suffer substantial comorbidity and be difficult to manage. Assessment of risk is a key element of management needed to inform treatment selection. The overall management of BCC primarily consists of surgical approaches, with radiation therapy as an alternate or adjuvant option. Many superficial therapies for BCC have been explored and continue to be developed, including topicals, cryosurgery, and photodynamic therapy...
May 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154746/origin-of-a-musculoskeletal-guideline-caring-for-older-workers
#20
Nancy Delloiacono
Today's employers are hiring a more age-diverse workforce. As Americans work longer, age-related changes often create activity limitations. Musculoskeletal disorders affect many older workers heightening their risk of workplace injury. Compounded by multiple comorbidities, older workers will need occupational health nurses with expert knowledge to maintain safe and productive workplaces. Older workers do not experience as many injuries as younger workers, but when they are injured, recovery is longer. The author developed and conducted a survey of New Jersey occupational health nurses...
June 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
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