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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816711/multiple-drug-intolerant-hypertension
#1
Andrea E Neculau, Liliana M Rogozea, Oana Andreescu, Loredana Jinga, Eleonora A Dinu, Diana Tint
CLINICAL FEATURES: The term multiple drug intolerance (MDI) is attributed to patients who experience adverse drug reactions to more than 3 different classes of medication without a known immunological mechanism. A special attention should be given to multiple drug-intolerant hypertension (MDI-HTN) that is a cause of drop out from treatment and consequent poor blood pressure control. Patients with MDIs account for 2%-5% of all population. The patient we present is a 63-year-old man with third-degree hypertension identified with intolerance to drugs from 4 major classes of antihypertensive medication...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800668/-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-risk-stratification-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-pregnancy-and-the-puerperium
#2
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Georg-Friedrich von Tempelhoff, Werner Rath
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a leading cause of direct maternal deaths in the developed countries. The incidence of VTE has increased significantly during the past two decades. The absolute risk of VTE is estimated 0.6-2.2 per 1000 deliveries. Compared with age-matched non-pregnant women, the daily risk of VTE is increased 7- to 10-fold for antepartum VTE, but it is 15- to 35-fold for postpartum VTE. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during the first 6 weeks postpartum is nearly 15-fold higher compared to the incidence in pregnancy, and remains significantly increased up to 12 weeks postpartum...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793354/-central-auditory-processing-disorder-grand-rounds-multiple-cases-multiple-causes-multiple-outcomes
#3
Cynthia McCormick Richburg, Samuel R Atcherson, Ursula M Findlen, Sarah Wakefield, Natalie J Benafield
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to provide multiple examples of how (central) auditory processing disorder ([C]APD) is being evaluated and treated at various audiology clinics throughout the United States. Method: The authors present 5 cases highlighting the diagnosis and treatment of (C)APD in children and adults. Similarities and differences between these cases have been showcased through detailed histories, evaluation protocol, and treatment options...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759295/preventing-discontinuation-of-radiation-therapy-predictive-factors-to-improve-patient-selection-for-palliative-treatment
#4
Lindsay L Puckett, Eric Luitweiler, Louis Potters, Sewit Teckie
PURPOSE: Approximately one third of patients with cancer require palliative radiation therapy (PRT), yet no guidelines exist for optimal patient selection. We have observed that many patients who begin PRT do not complete their prescribed treatment. Our study sought to identify factors associated with discontinuation of PRT, assess for a relationship with survival, and inform patient selection. METHODS: We performed an institutional review board-approved retrospective analysis of patients with cancer treated in a multicenter radiation oncology department in 2014...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757264/baseline-parameters-in-clinical-trials-for-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-recommendations-from-the-liver-forum
#5
EDITORIAL
Yuval A Patel, Joanne Imperial, Andrew J Muir, Quentin M Anstee, David DeBrota, Lara Dimick-Santos, Claudia Filozof, Ruby Mehta, Arun Sanyal, Elmer Schabel, Brent A Neuschwander-Tetri, Veronica Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732093/attitudes-among-transplant-professionals-regarding-shifting-paradigms-in-eligibility-criteria-for-live-kidney-donation
#6
Jeffrey A Lafranca, Emerentia Q W Spoon, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Jan N M IJzermans, Frank J M F Dor
BACKGROUND: The transplant community increasingly accepts extended criteria live kidney donors, however, great (geographical) differences are present in policies regarding the acceptance of these donors, and guidelines do not offer clarity. The aim of this survey was to reveal these differences and to get an insight in both centre policies as well as personal beliefs of transplant professionals. METHODS: An online survey was sent to 1128 ESOT-members. Questions were included about several extended donor criteria; overweight/obesity, older age, vascular multiplicity, minors as donors and comorbidities; hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, kidney stones, malignancies and renal cysts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716567/moving-the-goalposts-a-comparison-of-different-definitions-for-primary-external-ventricular-drain-infection-and-its-risk-factors-a-multi-center-study-of-2575-patients
#7
Peter Y M Woo, Hoi-Tung Wong, Jenny K S Pu, Wai-Kei Wong, Larry Y W Wong, Michael W Y Lee, Kwong-Yui Yam, Wai-Man Lui, Wai-Sang Poon
External ventricular drainage is the most common procedure performed in daily neurosurgical practice. One devastating complication is ventriculostomy-associated infection, but the establishment of evidence-based management guidelines has been hindered by the lack of an universal definition. There is also limited data with regard to the utility of comorbidity health indices and surgery-related factors in predicting infection. This study aims to compare the incidence of infection according to five commonly used definitions and to identify risk factors for this complication...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705803/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-care-of-girls-and-women-with-turner-syndrome-proceedings-from-the-2016-cincinnati-international-turner-syndrome-meeting
#8
Claus H Gravholt, Niels H Andersen, Gerard S Conway, Olaf M Dekkers, Mitchell E Geffner, Karen O Klein, Angela E Lin, Nelly Mauras, Charmian A Quigley, Karen Rubin, David E Sandberg, Theo C J Sas, Michael Silberbach, Viveca Söderström-Anttila, Kirstine Stochholm, Janielle A van Alfen-van derVelden, Joachim Woelfle, Philippe F Backeljauw
Turner syndrome affects 25-50 per 100,000 females and can involve multiple organs through all stages of life, necessitating multidisciplinary approach to care. Previous guidelines have highlighted this, but numerous important advances have been noted recently. These advances cover all specialty fields involved in the care of girls and women with TS. This paper is based on an international effort that started with exploratory meetings in 2014 in both Europe and the USA, and culminated with a Consensus Meeting held in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA in July 2016...
September 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695442/fistula-first-initiative-historical-impact-on-vascular-access-practice-patterns-and-influence-on-future-vascular-access-care
#9
Timmy Lee
The vascular access is the lifeline for the hemodialysis patient. In the United States, the Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative (FFBI) has been influential in improving use of arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) in prevalent hemodialysis patients. Currently, prevalent AVF rates are near the goal of 66% set forth by the original FFBI. However, central venous catheter (CVC) rates remain very high in the United States in patients initiating hemodialysis, nearly exceeding 80%. A new direction of the of the FFBI has focused on strategies to reduce CVC use, and subsequently the FFBI has now been renamed the "Fistula First-Catheter Last Initiative"...
July 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687265/contextualizing-myocardial-infarction-comorbidities-and-priorities-in-older-adults
#10
REVIEW
Ashok Krishnaswami, Mathew S Maurer, Karen P Alexander
Cardiovascular care for older adults has become increasingly complex due to a rise in the concurrent comorbidity burden that accompanies senescence. Internists, hospitalists, and cardiologists often encounter geriatric patients with multiple chronic conditions needing acute cardiovascular care. Abnormal cardiac biomarker levels in patients with multiple non-cardiac conditions are a common reason for older adults to enter the hospital. This type of acute coronary syndrome, defined as a non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction or, more precisely, type 2 myocardial infarction, often leads to substantial consternation...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672410/-prescription-of-benzodiazepines-and-z-drugs-by-german-general-practitioners-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Dirk Moßhammer, Hannah Haumann, Rainer Muche, David Scheub, Stefanie Joos, Gunter Laux
Background Due to their addictive potential, benzodiazepine (BZ) and non-benzodiazepine-agonists (NBZ, so-called Z-drugs) should be taken no longer than 6 weeks. BZ and NBZ are primarily prescribed by general practitioners (GPs). Therefore, we aimed to analyze GPs' data on the patients collective, the amount of BZ/NBZ prescribed and the rate of private prescriptions. Methods We analyzed person years of 2-year intervals from 2009 to 2014 of the primary care CONTENT register that contains routine data from 31 general practitioners' practices...
July 3, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660669/comparison-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-therapy-cognitive-behavioral-writing-therapy-and-wait-list-in-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-single-incident-trauma-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Carlijn de Roos, Saskia van der Oord, Bonne Zijlstra, Sacha Lucassen, Sean Perrin, Paul Emmelkamp, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines for childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recommend trauma-focused psychotherapies, mainly cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is a brief trauma-focused, evidence-based treatment for PTSD in adults, but with few well-designed trials involving children and adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized trial with three arms (n = 103): EMDR (n = 43), Cognitive Behavior Writing Therapy (CBWT; n = 42), and wait-list (WL; n = 18)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657399/combination-sglt2-inhibitor-and-glp-1-receptor-agonist-therapy-a-complementary-approach-to-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#13
Robert S Busch, Michael P Kane
Among persons with type 2 diabetes (t2d), the development of glucose intolerance involves dysfunction in several organs and tissues, including the muscle, liver, pancreas, kidney, gastrointestinal tract, adipose tissue, and brain. individuals with t2d typically have a number of comorbidities, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and being overweight or obese, and are, consequently, at high cardiovascular risk. guidelines recommend a comprehensive care strategy that includes treatment of diabetes-related complications and comorbidities beyond those related to hyperglycemia...
June 28, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655127/depression-screening-by-physical-therapists-practices-beliefs-barriers
#14
Patricia Fay, Susan L Edmond, Julia K Baron, Michelle Joshi
BACKGROUND: Depression, a common comorbidity encountered in physical therapy (PT) practice, negatively impacts outcomes. There is limited knowledge of PT practice patterns relative to screening for depression. OBJECTIVE: Objectives were to describe beliefs regarding depression, and identify practice patterns and perceived barriers regarding screening for depression among APTA Board Certified Orthopedic Clinical Specialist (OCS) PTs. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to all PT OCSs in the US; 416 responses were analyzed...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643811/-from-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-dementia-what-is-the-role-of-public-health
#15
Nicola Vanacore, Alessandra Di Pucchio, Eleonora Lacorte, Ilaria Bacigalupo, Flavia Mayer, Giulia Grande, Matteo Cesari, Marco Canevelli
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a nosological entity proposed by Petersen in 1999 with the objective of identifying an early stage of dementia. The new diagnostic criteria for dementia, both those promoted by the International Working Group (IWG) and those defined by the National Institute of Aging (NIA), subsequently introduced a new model that starts with a preclinical phase, then proceeds with a prodromal phase, and ends with a phase of dementia. The condition known as subjective cognitive disorder (SCD) is included between the preclinic and the prodromal phases...
May 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640938/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-comprehensive-review-of-clinical-interactions-and-underlying-pathophysiology
#16
REVIEW
Hassan Kahal, Ioannis Kyrou, Abd A Tahrani, Harpal S Randeva
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most prevalent endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. PCOS is associated with multiple comorbidities including, obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, as well as mood disorders and impaired quality of life (QoL). Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is also a common medical condition that is often undiagnosed, particularly in women. OSA is associated with a similar spectrum of comorbidities to that observed in PCOS, including manifestations of the metabolic syndrome and impaired QoL, whilst obesity frequently constitutes a common denominator in the pathophysiology of both OSA and PCOS...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640443/pathophysiology-of-aortic-stenosis-and-mitral-regurgitation
#17
Gianluca L Perrucci, Marco Zanobini, Paola Gripari, Paola Songia, Bayan Alshaikh, Elena Tremoli, Paolo Poggio
The global impact of the spectrum of valve diseases is a crucial, fast-growing, and underrecognized health problem. The most prevalent valve diseases, requiring surgical intervention, are represented by calcific and degenerative processes occurring in heart valves, in particular, aortic and mitral valve. Due to the increasing elderly population, these pathologies will gain weight in the global health burden. The two most common valve diseases are aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and mitral valve regurgitation (MR)...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615004/understanding-heart-failure-explaining-telehealth-a-hermeneutic-systematic-review
#18
Trisha Greenhalgh, Christine A'Court, Sara Shaw
BACKGROUND: Enthusiasts for telehealth extol its potential for supporting heart failure management. But randomised trials have been slow to recruit and produced conflicting findings; real-world roll-out has been slow. We sought to inform policy by making sense of a complex literature on heart failure and its remote management. METHODS: Through database searching and citation tracking, we identified 7 systematic reviews of systematic reviews, 32 systematic reviews (including 17 meta-analyses and 8 qualitative reviews); six mega-trials and over 60 additional relevant empirical studies and commentaries...
June 14, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614079/do-not-resuscitate-with-no-surrogate-and-no-advance-directive-an-ethics-case-study
#19
Jamie Diamond, Umesh Gidwani, Rosamond Rhodes
Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders are typically signed by physicians in conjunction with patients or their surrogate decision makers in order to instruct healthcare providers not to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Both the medical literature and CPR guidelines fail to address when it is appropriate for physicians to sign DNR orders without any knowledge of a patient's wishes. We explore the ethical issues surrounding instituting a two-physician DNR for a dying patient with multiple comorbidities and no medical record on file, no advance directives, and no surrogate decision maker...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571934/intensive-glycemic-control-in-younger-and-older-u-s-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Sarah Casagrande, Catherine C Cowie, Judith E Fradkin
AIMS: To determine the extent to which older vs. younger adults with diabetes intensively control glycemia. METHODS: Participants were age≥40years who self-reported a physician diagnosis of diabetes in the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (N=1554). Intensive glycemic control was defined as A1c<7.0% and taking insulin, sulfonylureas, or ≥2 glycemic medications. Logistic regression was used to determine the adjusted odds of intensive control in older (≥65years) vs...
August 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
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