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nutritional assessment guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822255/malnutrition-in-postacute-geriatric-care-basic-espen-diagnosis-and-etiology-based-diagnoses-analyzed-by-length-of-stay-in-hospital-mortality-and-functional-rehabilitation-indexes
#1
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Xavier Duran, Josep M Muniesa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between malnutrition and nutrition-related conditions according to the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus and guidelines and clinical outcomes in postacute rehabilitation. METHODS: Of 102 eligible inpatients, 95 (84.5 years old, 63.2% women) fulfilled inclusion criteria: aged ≥70 years, body mass index <30kg/m(2), admission for rehabilitation. Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF≤11) identified patients "at risk" and ESPEN basic and etiology based definitions were applied...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814392/temporal-eating-patterns-associations-with-nutrient-intakes-diet-quality-and-measures-of-adiposity
#2
Rebecca M Leech, Anna Timperio, Katherine M Livingstone, Anthony Worsley, Sarah A McNaughton
Background: Some evidence suggests that higher energy intake (EI) later in the day is associated with poor diet quality and obesity. However, EI at one eating occasion (EO) is also dependent on EI at surrounding EOs. Studies that examine the distribution of EOs across the day are rare.Objective: The aim of this study was to examine associations between temporal eating patterns, nutrient intakes, diet quality, and measures of adiposity in a representative sample of Australian adults.Design: Dietary data from two 24-h recalls collected during the cross-sectional 2011-2012 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analyzed (n = 4544 adults, aged ≥19 y)...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813010/characterization-of-breakfast-cereals-available-in-the-mexican-market-sodium-and-sugar-content
#3
Claudia Nieto, Sofia Rincon-Gallardo Patiño, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Angela Carriedo, Simón Barquera
Preschool Mexican children consume 7% of their total energy intake from processed breakfast cereals. This study characterized the nutritional quality and labelling (claims and Guideline Daily Amount (GDA)) of the packaged breakfast cereals available in the Mexican market. Photographs of all breakfast cereals available in the 9 main food retail chains in the country were taken. The nutrition quality of cereals was assessed using the United Kingdom Nutrient Profiling Model (UKNPM). Claims were classified using the International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) taxonomy and the GDA was defined according to the Mexican regulation, NOM-051...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809926/impact-of-fortified-versus-unfortified-lipid-based-supplements-on-morbidity-and-nutritional-status-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-in-ill-gambian-children
#4
Stefan A Unger, Saikou Drammeh, Jahid Hasan, Kabiru Ceesay, Edrisa Sinjanka, Sainey Beyai, Bakary Sonko, Bai Lamin Dondeh, Anthony J Fulford, Sophie E Moore, Andrew M Prentice
BACKGROUND: Multiple micronutrients (MMN) are commonly prescribed in pediatric primary healthcare in sub-Saharan Africa to improve nutritional status and appetite without evidence for their effectiveness or international clinical guidelines. Community-wide MMN supplementation has shown limited and heterogeneous impact on growth and morbidity. Short-term ready-to-use therapeutic foods in acutely sick children in a hospital setting also had limited efficacy regarding subsequent growth. The effectiveness of MMN in improving morbidity or growth in sick children presenting for primary care has not been assessed...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783056/diet-quality-throughout-early-life-in-relation-to-allergic-sensitization-and-atopic-diseases-in-childhood
#5
Anh N Nguyen, Niels J Elbert, Suzanne G M A Pasmans, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Nicolette W de Jong, Henriëtte A Moll, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Johan C de Jongste, Oscar H Franco, Liesbeth Duijts, Trudy Voortman
Early-life nutrition is an important modifiable determinant in the development of a child's immune system, and may thereby influence the risk of allergic sensitization and atopic diseases. However, associations between overall dietary patterns and atopic diseases in childhood remain unclear. We examined associations of diet quality in early life with allergic sensitization, self-reported physician-diagnosed inhalant and food allergies, eczema, and asthma among 5225 children participating in a population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779878/adult-classical-homocystinuria-requiring-parenteral-nutrition-pitfalls-and-management
#6
REVIEW
Christel Tran, Luisa Bonafé, Jean-Marc Nuoffer, Julie Rieger, Mette M Berger
BACKGROUND: Homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) deficiency presents with a wide clinical spectrum. Treatment by the enteral route aims at reducing homocysteine levels by using vitamin B6, possibly methionine-restricted diet, betaine and/or folate and vitamin B12 supplementation. Currently no nutritional guidelines exist regarding parenteral nutrition (PN) under acute conditions. METHODS: Exhaustive literature search was performed, in order to identify the relevant studies describing the pathogenesis and nutritional intervention of adult classical homocystinuria requiring PN...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768562/does-a-better-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-reduce-mortality-risk-and-environmental-impact-in-the-dutch-sub-cohort-of-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition
#7
Sander Biesbroek, W M Monique Verschuren, Jolanda M A Boer, Mirjam E van de Kamp, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Anouk Geelen, Moniek Looman, Elisabeth H M Temme
Guidelines for a healthy diet aim to decrease the risk of chronic diseases. It is unclear as to what extent a healthy diet is also an environmentally friendly diet. In the Dutch sub-cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, the diet was assessed with a 178-item FFQ of 40 011 participants aged 20-70 years between 1993 and 1997. The WHO's Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score and the Dutch Healthy Diet index 2015 (DHD15-index) were investigated in relation to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, land use and all-cause mortality risk...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767988/quality-of-diet-plans-for-weight-loss-featured-in-women-s-magazines-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#8
Maiara Martinighi, Edina Mariko Koga da Silva
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Brazil has the fifth largest population of obese individuals in the world. Women's magazines publish a large number of diet plans, and therefore the objective of this study was to assess the quality of these plans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. METHODS: We included the Brazilian women's magazines of highest circulation published between January and June 2014 that advertised diets for weight loss on their covers...
July 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767281/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767062/dietary-flavonoid-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-as-assessed-by-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#10
Rhonda S Sebastian, Cecilia Wilkinson Enns, Joseph D Goldman, Alanna J Moshfegh
Although flavonoids may confer anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant benefits, no research has examined if flavonoid intake is related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk defined by anthropometric measures in the USA population. This study sought to determine whether flavonoid intake is associated with combined body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) measures indicative of high, very high, or extremely high ("high+") risk for CVD, using one day of 24-h recall data from adult (≥20 years) participants in What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010...
August 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765406/a-contemporary-review-of-peripartum-cardiomyopathy
#11
Peysh A Patel, Ashwin Roy, Rabeia Javid, John Aw Dalton
Peripartum cardiomyopathy reflects the presence of cardiac failure in the absence of determinable heart disease and occurs in late third trimester of pregnancy or up to 6 months postpartum. A full understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms is lacking, but excess prolactin levels, haemodynamic alterations, inflammation and nutritional deficiencies have all been implicated. Its clinical presentation has distinct overlap with physiological alterations in healthy pregnancy and this presents a diagnostic challenge...
July 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764754/national-policies-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-in-the-workplace-context-a-behaviour-change-wheel-guided-content-analysis-of-policy-papers-in-finland
#12
Tuija Seppälä, Nelli Hankonen, Eveliina Korkiakangas, Johanna Ruusuvuori, Jaana Laitinen
BACKGROUND: Health policy papers disseminate recommendations and guidelines for the development and implementation of health promotion interventions. Such documents have rarely been investigated with regard to their assumed mechanisms of action for changing behaviour. The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) and Behaviour Change Techniques (BCT) Taxonomy have been used to code behaviour change intervention descriptions, but to our knowledge such "retrofitting" of policy papers has not previously been reported...
August 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764669/determinants-of-childhood-stunting-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-further-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-survey-2013-14
#13
Hallgeir Kismul, Pawan Acharya, Mala Ali Mapatano, Anne Hatløy
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of child stunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among the highest in the world. There is a need to systematically investigate how stunting operates at different levels of determination and identify major factors contributing to the development of stunting. The aim of this study was to look for key determinants of stunting in the DRC. METHODS: This study used data from the DRC Demographic Health Survey 2013-14 which included anthropometric measurement for 9030 under 5 year children...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737869/management-of-cirrhotic-ascites-in-children-review-and-recommendations-part-1-pathophysiology-diagnostic-evaluation-hospitalization-criteria-treatment-nutritional-management
#14
REVIEW
David F Bes, M Cristina Fernández, Ivone Malla, Horacio A Repetto, Daniel Buamsch, Susana López, Roxana Martinitto, Miriam Cuarterolo, Fernando Álvarez
Ascites is a major complication of cirrhosis. There are several evidence-based articles and guidelines for the management of adults, but few data have been published in relation to children. In the case of pediatric patients with cirrhotic ascites (PPCA), the following questions are raised: How are the clinical assessment and ancillary tests performed? When is ascites considered refractory? How is it treated? Should fresh plasma and platelets be infused before abdominal paracentesis to prevent bleeding? What are the hospitalization criteria? What are the indicated treatments? What complications can patients develop? When and how should hyponatremia be treated? What are the diagnostic criteria for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis? How is it treated? What is hepatorenal syndrome? How is it treated? When should albumin be infused? When should fluid intake be restricted? The recommendations made here are based on pathophysiology and suggest the preferred approach to its diagnostic and therapeutic aspects, and preventive care...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737572/european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-guidelines-for-the-evaluation-and-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-and-nutritional-complications-in-children-with-neurological-impairment
#15
Claudio Romano, Myriam van Wynckel, Jessie Hulst, Ilse Broekaert, Jiri Bronsky, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Nataša F Mis, Iva Hojsak, Rok Orel, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Michela Schaeppi, Nikhil Thapar, Michael Wilschanski, Peter Sullivan, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVES: Feeding difficulties are frequent in children with neurological impairments and can be associated with undernutrition, growth failure, micronutrients deficiencies, osteopenia, and nutritional comorbidities. Gastrointestinal problems including gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, and dysphagia are also frequent in this population and affect quality of life and nutritional status. There is currently a lack of a systematic approach to the care of these patients. With this report, European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition aims to develop uniform guidelines for the management of the gastroenterological and nutritional problems in children with neurological impairment...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737568/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The prevalence of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737064/the-effects-of-delirium-prevention-guidelines-on-elderly-stroke-patients
#17
Jihye Song, Minkyung Lee, Dukyoo Jung
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the delirium prevention interventions recommended by the Delirium Prevention Guidelines for Elderly Stroke Patients (DPGESP). The DPGESP comprises nine dimensions with 28 interventions, including risk factor assessment, orientation disorder prevention, sleeping pattern maintenance, sensory interventions, constipation, dehydration, hypoxia and infection prevention, pain management, and appropriate nutrition maintenance. This quasi-experimental study used a nonequivalent control group and a pretest-posttest design...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735598/developing-and-validating-a-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-key-methods-and-considerations
#18
Gina Louise Trakman, Adrienne Forsyth, Russell Hoye, Regina Belski
OBJECTIVE: To outline key statistical considerations and detailed methodologies for the development and evaluation of a valid and reliable nutrition knowledge questionnaire. DESIGN: Literature on questionnaire development in a range of fields was reviewed and a set of evidence-based guidelines specific to the creation of a nutrition knowledge questionnaire have been developed. The recommendations describe key qualitative methods and statistical considerations, and include relevant examples from previous papers and existing nutrition knowledge questionnaires...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731637/do-low-income-cypriots-experience-food-stress-the-cost-of-a-healthy-food-basket-relative-to-guaranteed-minimum-income-in-nicosia-cyprus
#19
Stavri Chrysostomou, Sofia Andreou
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the cost, acceptability and affordability of the healthy food basket (HFB) among low-income families in Cyprus. METHODS: HFBs were constructed based on the National Guidelines for Nutrition and Exercise for six different types of households. Acceptability was tested through focus groups. Affordability was defined as the cost of the HFB as a percentage of the guaranteed minimum income (GMI). The value of the GMI is set to be equal to €480 for a single individual and increases with the size of the recipient unit in accordance with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development equivalence scales...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730776/institutional-variations-in-nutritional-aspects-of-enhanced-recovery-pathways-after-elective-surgery-for-colon-cancer
#20
Fotios Seretis, Panagiota Kaisari, Kasun Wanigasooriya, Edward Rawstorne, Charalampos Seretis
PURPOSE: Perioperative nutritional optimisation is one of the key aspects of the Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) pathway after elective colorectal cancer resections. Despite the general acceptance of ERAS as a safe and cost-effective perioperative care bundle, significant variations in terms of nutritional support exist among colorectal units. METHODS: To assess these variations, we performed a cross-sectional online survey among colorectal surgical residents within a UK region...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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