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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231870/improving-the-care-and-treatment-of-monkeypox-patients-in-low-resource-settings-applying-evidence-from-contemporary-biomedical-and-smallpox-biodefense-research
#1
REVIEW
Mary G Reynolds, Andrea M McCollum, Beatrice Nguete, Robert Shongo Lushima, Brett W Petersen
Monkeypox is a smallpox-like illness that can be accompanied by a range of significant medical complications. To date there are no standard or optimized guidelines for the clinical management of monkeypox (MPX) patients, particularly in low-resource settings. Consequently, patients can experience protracted illness and poor outcomes. Improving care necessitates developing a better understanding of the range of clinical manifestations-including complications and sequelae-as well as of features of illness that may be predictive of illness severity and poor outcomes...
December 12, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228998/capturing-health-and-eating-status-through-a-nutritional-perception-screening-questionnaire-npsq9-in-a-randomised-internet-based-personalised-nutrition-intervention-the-food4me-study
#2
Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Audrey Rankin, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Marianne C Walsh, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Yannis Manios, Miroslaw Jarosz, Hannelore Daniel, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Mike Gibney, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Julie A Lovegrove, Lynn J Frewer, John C Mathers, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines emphasize healthy eating to promote wellbeing and prevention of non-communicable diseases. The perceived healthiness of food is determined by many factors affecting food intake. A positive perception of healthy eating has been shown to be associated with greater diet quality. Internet-based methodologies allow contact with large populations. Our present study aims to design and evaluate a short nutritional perception questionnaire, to be used as a screening tool for assessing nutritional status, and to predict an optimal level of personalisation in nutritional advice delivered via the Internet...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228946/a-school-based-intervention-improved-dietary-intake-outcomes-and-reduced-waist-circumference-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Lieven Huybregts, Susana Andrade, John Van Camp, Silvana Donoso, Patricia Liliana Ramírez, Carl Lachat, Lea Maes, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: In Ecuador, adolescents' food intake does not comply with guidelines for a healthy diet. Together with abdominal obesity adolescent's inadequate diets are risk factors for non-communicable diseases. We report the effectiveness of a school-based intervention on the dietary intake and waist circumference among Ecuadorian adolescents. METHODS: A pair-matched cluster randomized controlled trial including 1430 adolescents (12-14 years old) was conducted...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219857/a-literature-review-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-dealing-with-complications
#4
Hatice Pars, Hicran Çavuşoğlu
Sufficient energy and essential nutrients are vital for normal growth and development in childhood. Ideally, nutrition should be provided orally. However, if the gastrointestinal system is functional, enteral tube feeding can be used when nutritional requirements cannot be provided orally, thus providing nutritional benefits and enabling positive disease management in pediatric patients. Postoperative care in children allows monitoring of the position and functionality of the tube; performing nutrition intolerance, growth, hydration, and nutritional assessments; and performing metabolic and complication follow-ups...
December 6, 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215022/mineral-analysis-of-complete-dog-and-cat-foods-in-the-uk-and-compliance-with-european-guidelines
#5
M Davies, R Alborough, L Jones, C Davis, C Williams, D S Gardner
Mineral content of complete pet food is regulated to ensure health of the companion animal population. Analysis of adherence to these regulatory guidelines has not been conducted. Here, mineral composition of complete wet (n = 97) and dry (n = 80) canine and feline pet food sold in the UK was measured to assess compliance with EU guidelines. A majority of foods complied with ≥8 of 11 guidelines (99% and 83% for dry and wet food, respectively), but many failed to provide nutritional minimum (e.g. Cu, 20% of wet food) or exceeded nutritional maximum (e...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214822/meeting-sleep-guidelines-is-associated-with-better-health-related-quality-of-life-and-reduced-premature-all-cause-mortality-risk
#6
Paul D Loprinzi, Chelsea Joyner
PURPOSE: To examine whether meeting sleep guidelines (7-9 hours/night) is associated with better health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and reduced all-cause mortality risk. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 13 423 adults. MEASURES: Sleep duration and HRQOL were assessed from self-report; covariates assessed via survey, examination, and laboratory data; and mortality assessed through 2011 via matching from the National Death Index...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213300/measuring-healthy-behaviours-using-the-stages-of-change-model-an-investigation-into-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviours-of-australian-miners
#7
Sarah J Lacey, Tamara D Street
Background: Obesity is one of the fastest growing modern day epidemics affecting preventable disease and premature deaths. Healthy lifestyle behaviours, such as physical activity and nutritional consumption, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of obesity and obesity related health risks. Originally designed for measurement of unhealthy behaviours, the Stages of Change model, describes 'precontemplators' as individuals who engage in the unhealthy behaviour, are unaware that their behaviour is problematic, and are resistant to change...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211007/contribution-of-dietary-supplements-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-various-adult-age-groups
#8
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Balz Frei, Victor L Fulgoni, Connie M Weaver, Steven H Zeisel
Many Americans have inadequate intakes of several nutrients. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020 specifically identified vitamins A, C, D and E, calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium, choline and fiber as "underconsumed nutrients". Based on nationally representative data in 10,698 adults from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), 2009-2012, assessments were made of age-group differences in the impact of dietary supplements on nutrient intake and inadequacies. Compared to food alone, use of any dietary supplement plus food was associated with significantly (p < 0...
December 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203343/wide-variation-in-organisation-and-clinical-practice-of-paediatric-intestinal-failure-teams-an-international-survey
#9
Esther Neelis, Barbara de Koning, Myriam van Winckel, Merit Tabbers, Susan Hill, Jessie Hulst
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to assess the current organisation and clinical practice of teams treating children with intestinal failure (IF) across Europe and compare the results with the current guideline. METHODS: A two-part online survey was sent to all the major European specialist IF services. The first part concerned general information about the team and patients monitored. The second part concerned important care topics such as vascular access and monitoring of complications...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202629/adequate-muscular-strength-may-help-to-reduce-risk-of-residual-specific-mortality-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: Muscular strength has been shown to inversely associate with mortality. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between muscular strength and residual-specific mortality among a national sample of US adults, which has yet to be investigated. Here, residual-specific mortality is identified as deaths not inclusive of the 9 leading causes of death as identified by the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used (N = 2171 adults, aged 50-85 y)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202192/enhancing-nutrition-with-pulses-defining-a-recommended-serving-size-for-adults
#11
Christopher P F Marinangeli, Julianne Curran, Susan I Barr, Joanne Slavin, Seema Puri, Sumathi Swaminathan, Linda Tapsell, Carol Ann Patterson
Pulses, defined as dry-harvested leguminous crops, include several varieties of beans, peas, lentils, and chickpeas. There is no consensus around a recommended serving size of pulses within a balanced diet, which prevents the development of transregional strategies that rely on consistent messaging to drive increases in consumption. The purpose of this review is to define and disseminate an appropriate target for a minimum serving size of pulses on any given day that can be used in international or collaborative strategies to promote the consumption of pulses...
November 30, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200450/an-analysis-of-california-pharmacy-and-medical-students-dietary-and-lifestyle-practices
#12
Nathalie Bergeron, Sebastian Al-Saiegh, Eric J Ip
Objective. To assess dietary and lifestyle practices of pharmacy and medical students in California and investigate whether they adhered to behaviors consistent with current dietary and exercise guidelines. Methods. The Block Brief 2000 Food Frequency Questionnaire and a supplemental survey assessing demographics, exercise, and dietary behaviors were administered to students across 10 California pharmacy and medical schools. Results. While the majority of students consumed sodium <2300 mg/day (73%) and dietary cholesterol <300 mg/day (84%), only 50% had a saturated fat intake ≤10% total kcal, 13% met fiber intake goals, 10% consumed ≥8 servings/day of fruit and vegetables, and 41% exercised ≥150 minutes/week...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198616/incidence-of-hypoglycemia-in-newborns-at-risk-and-an-audit-of-the-2011-american-academy-of-pediatrics-guideline-for-hypoglycemia
#13
Nihan Hilal Hosagasi, Mustafa Aydin, Aysegul Zenciroglu, Nuran Ustun, Serdar Beken
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is low blood glucose level that may negatively affect neurological and developmental prognosis. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Committee on Fetus and Newborn defined the safe glucose concentrations in the 2011 guideline for newborns at risk for hypoglycemia. This study aimed to investigate the incidence and associated risk factors for hypoglycemia in newborn infants having risk and to assess compliance with the AAP guideline. METHODS: According to 2011 AAP guideline for hypoglycemia, the newborns at risk for hypoglycemia included in this study were divided to four groups [infant of diabetic mother (IDM), large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, and late preterm infants (LPI)]...
November 15, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194928/clinical-pathway-improves-implementation-of-evidence-based-strategies-for-the-management-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-induced-side-effects-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#14
Renée Bultijnck, Inge Van de Caveye, Elke Rammant, Sofie Everaert, Nicolaas Lumen, Karel Decaestecker, Valérie Fonteyne, Benedicte Deforche, Piet Ost
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a prostate cancer (PCa) clinical pathway on the implementation of evidence-based strategies for the management of ADT-induced side effects. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A clinical pathway was introduced at hospital-level in 2015. The pathway consists out of evidence-based strategies for the management of ADT-induced side effects. All PCa patients receiving ADT for >6 months were eligible to enter the clinical pathway. Data of recommended evidence-based strategies were retrospectively extracted from electronic health records of all eligible patients in the year before (2014) and the year of implementation of the pathway (2015)...
December 1, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176758/early-optimal-parenteral-nutrition-and-metabolic-acidosis-in-very-preterm-infants
#15
Francesco Bonsante, Jean-Bernard Gouyon, Pierre-Yves Robillard, Béatrice Gouyon, Silvia Iacobelli
BACKGROUND: It is currently recognized that an optimized nutritional approach, consisting of an early and substantial supply of protein and energy by parenteral route, may be beneficial for very low birth weight infants and recent guidelines endorse this strategy. However, the impact of the enhanced parenteral nutrition (PN) on acid-basic balance has never been investigated. The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of nutrient intake on acid-base homeostasis in a large population of preterm infants on PN...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173218/improving-the-implementation-of-nutrition-guidelines-in-childcare-centres-improves-child-dietary-intake-findings-of-a-randomised-trial-of-an-implementation-intervention
#16
Kirsty Seward, Luke Wolfenden, Meghan Finch, John Wiggers, Rebecca Wyse, Jannah Jones, Sze Lin Yoong
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that improvements to the childcare nutrition environment can have a positive impact on child dietary intake. The primary aim of the present study was to assess, relative to usual care, the effectiveness of a multi-strategy implementation intervention in improving childcare compliance with nutrition guidelines. As a secondary aim, the impact on child dietary intake was assessed. DESIGN: Parallel-group, randomised controlled trial design...
November 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171120/quality-of-development-and-reporting-of-dietetic-intervention-studies-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
L E Ball, I K Sladdin, L J Mitchell, K A Barnes, L J Ross, L T Williams
BACKGROUND: High-quality research methodologies and clear reporting of studies are essential to facilitate confidence in research findings. The aim of the present study was to conduct an in-depth examination of the methodological quality and reporting of studies included in a recent systematic review of dietitians' effectiveness at providing individualised nutrition care to adult patients. METHODS: The methodological quality and reporting of 27 Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) were appraised using the UK Medical Research Council (MRC) Guidelines for complex interventions and the CONSORT checklist for reporting RCTs...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166956/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-india-perspective
#18
Logan Manikam, Ankita Prasad, Abina Dharmaratnam, Christy Moen, Alexandra Robinson, Alexander Light, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in India. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162064/effect-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-selected-adverse-health-and-nutritional-outcomes-a-nationally-representative-study
#19
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, M Mofizul Islam
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence in support of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among infants in the first 6 months of birth, the debate over the optimal duration of EBF continues. This study examines the effect of termination of EBF during the first 2, 4 and 6 months of birth on a set of adverse health and nutritional outcomes of infants. METHODS: Three waves of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey data were analysed using multivariate regression. The adverse health outcomes were: an episode of diarrhea, fever or acute respiratory infection (ARI) during the 2 weeks prior to the survey...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151370/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-pakistan-perspective
#20
Logan Manikam, Anika Sharmila, Abina Dharmaratnam, Emma C Alexander, Jia Ying Kuah, Ankita Prasad, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in Pakistan. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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