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nutritional assessment guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659093/oral-intake-evaluation-in-patients-following-critical-illness-an-icu-cohort-study
#1
Rebecca J Jarden, Lynsey Sutton-Smith, Catherine Boulton
Timely and adequate nutrition improves health outcomes for the critically ill patient. Despite clinical guidelines recommending early oral nutrition, survivors of critical illness experience significant nutritional deficits. This cohort study evaluates the oral nutrition intake in intensive care unit (ICU) patients who have experienced recent critical illness. The oral nutrition intake of a convenience sample of ICU patients post-critical illness was observed during a 1-month period. Data pertaining to both the amount of oral nutrition intake and factors impacting optimal oral nutrition intake were collected and analysed...
April 16, 2018: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658318/what-makes-children-with-cerebral-palsy-vulnerable-to-malnutrition-findings-from-the-bangladesh-cerebral-palsy-register-bcpr
#2
Israt Jahan, Mohammad Muhit, Tasneem Karim, Hayley Smithers-Sheedy, Iona Novak, Cheryl Jones, Nadia Badawi, Gulam Khandaker
PURPOSE: To assess the nutritional status and underlying risk factors for malnutrition among children with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register; a prospective population based surveillance of children with cerebral palsy aged 0-18 years in a rural subdistrict of Bangladesh (i.e., Shahjadpur). Socio-demographic, clinical and anthropometric measurements were collected using Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register record form...
April 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656913/faith-activity-and-nutrition-randomized-dissemination-and-implementation-study-countywide-adoption-reach-and-effectiveness
#3
Sara Wilcox, Ruth P Saunders, Andrew T Kaczynski, Melinda Forthofer, Patricia A Sharpe, Cheryl Goodwin, Margaret Condrasky, Vernon L Kennedy, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Deborah Kinnard, Brent Hutto
INTRODUCTION: Faith-based organizations can contribute to improving population health, but few dissemination and implementation studies exist. This paper reports countywide adoption, reach, and effectiveness from the Faith, Activity, and Nutrition dissemination and implementation study. DESIGN: This was a group-randomized trial. Data were collected in 2016. Statistical analyses were conducted in 2017. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Churches in a rural, medically underserved county in South Carolina were invited to enroll, and attendees of enrolled churches were invited to complete questionnaires (n=1,308 participated)...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655865/non-nutritive-sweeteners-and-metabolic-health-outcomes-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Maria A Karalexi, Marina Mitrogiorgou, Georgia G Georgantzi, Vassiliki Papaevangelou, Smaragdi Fessatou
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the literature regarding the association of consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) during childhood with negative metabolic health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Following the PRISMA guidelines, published literature was systematically reviewed. Eligible studies (N = 13) were identified through the screening of over 2500 publications. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted on the association of NNS consumption with body mass index (BMI) increase...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652179/associations-between-maternal-nutrition-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-and-rickets-in-children-in-xinjiang-province-people-s-republic-of-china
#5
Yu Liang, Hai-Yan Ren, Peng-Xiang Zuo
We explored the association between maternal nutrition knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) values in children with rickets in Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. We recruited 514 mothers with children (<2 years) from pediatric outpatient departments. We determined general status of families, maternal nutrition KAP, and 25(OH)D values in 212 children with rickets, with doctors using "Prevention and Treatment Program for Infant and Young Children Rickets" and "Application Guideline for Vitamin D and Bone Health in Adult Chinese (2014 Standard Edition)" to identify...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625408/nutritional-intervention-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-during-chemo-radiotherapy
#6
Serena Della Valle, Silvia Colatruglio, Vanessa La Vela, Elena Tagliabue, Luigi Mariani, Cecilia Gavazzi
OBJECTIVE: Head and neck cancer patients experience unintentional weight loss and malnutrition at diagnosis, during oncologic treatment, and after the end of therapy because of reduction of eating ability. The aim of the present study was to assess nutrition intervention efficacy in maintaining basal nutritional conditions. METHODS: Head and neck cancer patient candidates for chemoradiotherapy and requiring enteral nutrition (EN) support through gastrostomy, according to international guidelines, were included in the study...
February 5, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619220/development-of-the-recovery-from-eating-disorders-for-life-food-guide-real-food-guide-a-food-pyramid-for-adults-with-an-eating-disorder
#7
Susan Hart, Claire Marnane, Caitlin McMaster, Angela Thomas
Background: There is limited evidence to inform nutrition and dietetic interventions for individuals with eating disorders even though it is recommended as an essential part of multidisciplinary management. There is minimal guidance, an absence of standardised nutrition educational material, and no research on how best to educate patients on healthy eating and how to achieve nutrition adequacy. Therefore the REAL Food Guide was developed. Methods: The REAL Food Guide is a pyramid with four layers and key nutrition messages beside each layer that was conceived to address gaps in nutrition education and intervention for individuals with eating disorders...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609588/subclinical-atherosclerosis-cardiovascular-health-and-disease-risk-is-there-a-case-for-the-cardiovascular-health-index-in-the-primary-prevention-population
#8
Sarah S Singh, Courtney S Pilkerton, Carl D Shrader, Stephanie J Frisbee
BACKGROUND: Current primary prevention guidelines for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prioritize risk identification, risk stratification using clinical and risk scores, and risk reduction with lifestyle interventions and pharmacotherapy. Subclinical atherosclerosis is an early indicator of atherosclerotic burden and its timely recognition can slow or prevent progression to CVD. Thus, individuals with subclinical atherosclerosis are a priority for primary prevention. This study takes a practical approach to answering a challenge commonly faced by primary care practitioners: in patients with no known CVD, how can individuals likely to have subclinical atherosclerosis be easily identified using existing clinical data and/or information provided by the patient? METHODS: Using NHANES (1999-2004), 6091 men and women aged ≥40 years without any CVD comprised the primary prevention population for this study...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608464/how-to-feed-patients-with-gastrointestinal-mucositis
#9
Jann Arends
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Gastrointestinal mucositis is a frequent side effect of systemic anticancer treatment and radiotherapy. The occurrence endangers body resources by decreasing food intake and absorption. This review highlights new developments in treatment and prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent clinical practice guidelines recommend supplying adequate amounts of energy and nutrients to cancer patients undergoing anticancer treatments. This requires repeated screening for risk of malnutrition and in at-risk patients, assessment of food intake and nutritional status, followed by nutritional interventions targeted at individual deficiencies and tolerance to oral, enteral or parenteral feeding...
March 31, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607054/non-alcoholic-steatofibrosis-nasf-can-independently-predict-mortality-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld
#10
Pegah Golabi, Maria Stepanova, Huong T Pham, Rebecca Cable, Nila Rafiq, Haley Bush, Trevor Gogoll, Zobair M Younossi
Background: Hepatic fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) independently predicts mortality. Given liver biopsy's invasive nature, non-invasive method to assess hepatic steatosis and fibrosis provides NAFLD risk stratification algorithm in clinical practice. NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) is simple and non-invasive predictive model recommended by American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) Guideline to identify patients with NAFLD with fibrosis risk...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606103/study-design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-combined-educational-and-environmental-intervention-trial-to-lower-sodium-intake-in-swiss-employees
#11
Sigrid Beer-Borst, Xhyljeta Luta, Stefanie Hayoz, Kathrin Sommerhalder, Corinna Gréa Krause, Julia Eisenblätter, Sandra Jent, Stefan Siegenthaler, Rafael Aubert, Max Haldimann, Pasquale Strazzullo
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure is a primary cardiovascular disease risk factor. Population-wide governmental strategies aim to reduce lifestyle and dietary risk factors for hypertension, one of which is an unbalanced diet with high sodium and low potassium intakes. Nutrition interventions in the workplace are considered a promising approach in encouraging health-promoting behaviors. We developed and conducted the health promoting sodium reduction trial "Healthful & Tasty: Sure!" in worksites in the German-speaking part of Switzerland from May 2015 to Nov 2016, for which we present the study protocol and baseline characteristics...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605765/resting-energy-expenditure-and-body-composition-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-an-observational-study-leading-to-a-new-predictive-equation
#12
Micheline Tereza Pires Souza, Pierre Singer, Gislaine Aparecida Ozorio, Vitor Modesto Rosa, Maria Manuela Ferreira Alves, Rossana Verónica Mendoza López, Dan L Waitzberg
OBJECTIVES: Patients with head and neck cancer have changes in body composition and resting energy expenditure (REE) related to significant inflammatory processes. We investigated REE and body composition in a population of patients with head and neck cancer, comparing the measured REE with predicted energy expenditure and deriving an equation of anthropometric values and body composition. METHODS: This retrospective, observational, descriptive study of a single center included patients with head and neck cancer...
February 5, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603276/estimation-of-resting-energy-expenditure-using-predictive-equations-in-critically-ill-children-results-of-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Corinne Jotterand Chaparro, Clémence Moullet, Patrick Taffé, Jocelyne Laure Depeyre, Marie-Hélène Perez, David Longchamp, Jacques Cotting
Provision of adequate energy intake to critically ill children is associated with improved prognosis, but resting energy expenditure (REE) is rarely determined by indirect calorimetry (IC) due to practical constraints. Some studies have tested the validity of various predictive equations that are routinely used for this purpose, but no systematic evaluation has been made. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of the literature to assess predictive equations of REE in critically ill children. We systematically searched the literature for eligible studies, and then we extracted data and assigned a quality grade to each article according to guidelines of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594690/associations-between-copper-and-zinc-and-risk-of-hypertension-in-us-adults
#14
Jie Yao, Ping Hu, Dongfeng Zhang
Evidence linking copper and zinc to hypertension are limited and conflicting. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2014 were used. Zinc and copper intake from diet and supplements was assessed with 24-h dietary recall. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg/diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg/treatment with hypertensive medications. In a sensitivity analysis, according to the 2017 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association guideline, hypertension was also defined as SBP ≥ 130 mmHg/DBP ≥ 80 mmHg/treatment with hypertensive medications...
March 28, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588985/ketogenic-parenteral-nutrition-in-17-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#15
Anastasia Dressler, Nadja Haiden, Petra Trimmel-Schwahofer, Franz Benninger, Sharon Samueli, Gudrun Gröppel, Sina Spatzierer, Angelika Mühlebner, Klaus Abraham, Martha Feucht
Objective: Ketogenic parenteral nutrition (kPN) is indicated when enteral intake is temporarily limited or impossible, but evidence-based prescriptions are lacking. Objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of kPN in children with epileptic encephalopathies using a new computer-based algorithm for accurate component calculating. Methods: Children with epilepsy receiving kPN were included. A computer-based algorithm was established on the basis of guidelines of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN): fat intake not exceeding 4 g/kg/day, age-adequate supply of protein, electrolytes, vitamins, and trace elements, but reduced carbohydrates...
March 2018: Epilepsia open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580954/assessing-chaotic-eating-using-self-report-and-the-uk-adult-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-no-association-between-bmi-and-variability-in-meal-or-snack-timings
#16
Annie R Zimmerman, Laura Johnson, Jeffrey M Brunstrom
Although regular meal timings are recommended for weight loss, no study has characterised irregularity in the timing of eating occasions or investigated associations with body-mass index (BMI). Here, we characterise "chaotic eating" as the tendency to eat at variable times of day. In two studies, we used a novel measure to explore the relationship between BMI and chaotic eating. In Study 1 (N = 98) we measured BMI and used a self-report measure to assess the usual range of times that meals and snacks are consumed over a seven-day period, as well as meal and snack frequency...
March 23, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578816/the-effect-of-evidence-based-nutrition-clinical-care-pathways-on-nutrition-outcomes-in-adult-patients-receiving-non-surgical-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review
#17
Sarah L Dewar, Judi Porter
Nutritional decline associated with non-surgical cancer treatment has been well documented. The implementation of an evidence-based nutrition care pathway is one approach suggested to improve the nutrition outcomes of this group of patients. We aimed to systematically review published original research to determine whether evidence-based nutrition clinical care pathways, as compared with usual care, improve outcomes for patients receiving non-surgical cancer treatment. The review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42017048816) and followed PRISMA guidelines...
March 26, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576355/nutrition-therapy-for-critically-ill-patients-across-the-asia-pacific-and-middle-east-regions-a-consensus-statement
#18
Marianna S Sioson, Robert Martindale, Anuja Abayadeera, Nabil Abouchaleh, Dita Aditianingsih, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai, Wei-Chin Chiou, Naoki Higashibeppu, Mohd Basri Mat Nor, Emma Osland, Jose Emmanuel Palo, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Medhat Shalabi, Luu Ngan Tam, Jonathan Jit Ern Tan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Guidance on managing the nutritional requirements of critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) has been issued by several international bodies. While these guidelines are consulted in ICUs across the Asia-Pacific and Middle East regions, there is little guidance available that is tailored to the unique healthcare environments and demographics across these regions. Furthermore, the lack of consistent data from randomized controlled clinical trials, reliance on expert consensus, and differing recommendations in international guidelines necessitate further expert guidance on regional best practice when providing nutrition therapy for critically ill patients in ICUs in Asia-Pacific and the Middle East...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576029/a-review-of-guidance-on-fish-consumption-in-pregnancy-is-it-fit-for-purpose
#19
Caroline M Taylor, Pauline M Emmett, Alan M Emond, Jean Golding
OBJECTIVE: Public health messages to reduce Hg exposure for pregnant women have focused exclusively on advice on fish consumption to limit Hg exposure, with little account being taken of the positive contribution of fish to nutritional quality. The aim of the present review was to compare and contrast the content and presentation of national guidelines on fish consumption in pregnancy, and comment on their evidence base and impact on consumption. DESIGN: We searched for national and international guidelines on fish consumption in pregnancy using Internet search strategies...
March 26, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571608/physicochemical-stable-standard-all-in-one-parenteral-nutrition-admixtures-for-infants-and-children-in-accordance-with-the-espghan-espen-guidelines
#20
Joeri De Cloet, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Myriam Van Winckel
OBJECTIVE: Because there are almost no standard all-in-one parenteral nutrition admixtures available for infants and children, the aim was to develop standard two-compartment parenteral nutrition bags for different weight categories based on the ESPGHAN/ESPEN (European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition/European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism) guidelines. The 1 g/kg/d lipid version for the 3 to 10 kg weight category (PED1) was assessed for short- and long-term physicochemical stability with the ability to add additional electrolytes (PED1+E)...
May 2018: Nutrition
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