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nutritional assessment guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731637/do-low-income-cypriots-experience-food-stress-the-cost-of-a-healthy-food-basket-relative-to-guaranteed-minimum-income-in-nicosia-cyprus
#1
Stavri Chrysostomou, Sofia Andreou
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the cost, acceptability and affordability of the healthy food basket (HFB) among low-income families in Cyprus. METHODS: HFBs were constructed based on the National Guidelines for Nutrition and Exercise for six different types of households. Acceptability was tested through focus groups. Affordability was defined as the cost of the HFB as a percentage of the guaranteed minimum income (GMI). The value of the GMI is set to be equal to €480 for a single individual and increases with the size of the recipient unit in accordance with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development equivalence scales...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730776/institutional-variations-in-nutritional-aspects-of-enhanced-recovery-pathways-after-elective-surgery-for-colon-cancer
#2
Fotios Seretis, Panagiota Kaisari, Kasun Wanigasooriya, Edward Rawstorne, Charalampos Seretis
PURPOSE: Perioperative nutritional optimisation is one of the key aspects of the Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) pathway after elective colorectal cancer resections. Despite the general acceptance of ERAS as a safe and cost-effective perioperative care bundle, significant variations in terms of nutritional support exist among colorectal units. METHODS: To assess these variations, we performed a cross-sectional online survey among colorectal surgical residents within a UK region...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727954/nutrition-screening-vs-nutrition-assessment-what-s-the-difference
#3
Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia
Screening and assessment imply different processes, with the former indicating risk factors for a deprived nutrition condition and the latter providing the nutrition diagnosis. Both should be routinely performed at hospital admission according to recommended guidelines; however, this is not the reality worldwide, and undernutrition remains highly prevalent in the hospital setting. Therefore, the objective of the current review is to delve into the principles leading to nutrition status deficiencies and how they should be addressed by screening and assessment...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727475/guidance-for-supplemental-enteral-nutrition-across-patient-populations
#4
Douglas L Nguyen
Enteral nutrition is preferred over parenteral nutrition as a result of the greater safety of enteral nutrition therapy and comparative convenience. A wide variety of enteral nutrition products have been developed, including disease-specific products to help manage the nutritional needs of patients with kidney failure, liver failure, lung disease, diabetes, and other conditions. An assessment of each patient's nutritional needs and digestive function should be conducted prior to initiation of enteral nutrition therapy...
July 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720267/a-systematic-review-of-the-supportive-care-needs-of-people-living-with-and-beyond-cancer-of-the-colon-and-or-rectum
#5
REVIEW
Grigorios Kotronoulas, Constantina Papadopoulou, Kathryn Burns-Cunningham, Mhairi Simpson, Roma Maguire
PURPOSE: Gaining a clear understanding of the health needs and concerns of people with cancer of the colon and/or rectum can help identify ways to offer a comprehensive care package. Our aim was to systematically assess the relevant literature and synthesise current available evidence. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA Statement guidelines. Five electronic databases were searched to identify studies employing qualitative and/or quantitative methods...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718235/quality-assessment-of-focused-antenatal-care-service-delivery-in-tertiary-care-health-facility
#6
Farah Ashraf, Inayat Hussain Thaver, Faisal Imtiaz, Adil Ayub
BACKGROUND: Regardless of high maternal deaths in Pakistan, only 37% of pregnant women make four or more antenatal care visits during pregnancy. This proportion has further been diverged between urban and rural. About 62% of women visit clinics for WHO recommended sets of antenatal care (ANC) check-ups in urban as compared to 26% women in rural areas. This study was conducted with the aim to assess quality of Focused ANC service delivery in terms of examination, screening, treatment, counselling and to determine variation in service delivery with provider's clinical qualification and expertise...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715482/impact-of-maternal-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-on-neonatal-outcomes-among-healthy-middle-eastern-females
#7
Tatiana Papazian, Georges Abi Tayeh, Darine Sibai, Hala Hout, Imad Melki, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND: Studies on the relative impact of body mass index in women in childbearing age and gestational weight gain on neonatal outcomes are scarce in the Middle East. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this research was to assess the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on neonatal outcomes. The effect of maternal age and folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy was also examined. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cross sectional observational study of 1000 full term deliveries of women enrolled thru the National Collaborative Perinatal Neonatal Network, in Lebanon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713798/incidence-and-severity-of-prescribing-errors-in-parenteral-nutrition-for-pediatric-inpatients-at-a-neonatal-and-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#8
Theresa Hermanspann, Mark Schoberer, Eva Robel-Tillig, Christoph Härtel, Rangmar Goelz, Thorsten Orlikowsky, Albrecht Eisert
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric inpatients are particularly vulnerable to medication errors (MEs), especially in highly individualized preparations like parenteral nutrition (PN). Aside from prescribing via a computerized physician order entry system (CPOE), we evaluated the effect of cross-checking by a clinical pharmacist to prevent harm from PN order errors in a neonatal and pediatric intensive care unit (NICU/PICU). METHODS: The incidence of prescribing errors in PN in a tertiary level NICU/PICU was surveyed prospectively between March 2012 and July 2013 (n = 3,012 orders)...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712159/association-of-the-cardiometabolic-staging-system-with-individual-engagement-and-quality-of-life-in-the-us-adult-population
#9
Sandra A Tsai, Lan Xiao, Nan Lv, Ying Liu, Jun Ma
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of Cardiometabolic Disease Staging (CMDS), a validated five-stage system for assessing risk for diabetes, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality, with measures of individual engagement and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the US adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to derive the CMDS stages, five participant engagement measures, and four HRQOL measures among adult participants ≥ 40 years of age...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710147/dietary-guidelines-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-critical-review
#10
REVIEW
Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Veronica Lopez-Teros, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia
Current dietary guidelines for breast cancer patients (BCPs) fail to address adequate dietary intakes of macro- and micronutrients that may improve patients' nutritional status. This review includes information from the PubMed and Biomed Central databases over the last 15 y concerning dietary guidelines for BCPs and the potential impact of a personalized, nutrient-specific diet on patients' nutritional status during and after antineoplastic treatment. Results indicated that BCPs should receive a nutritional assessment immediately after diagnosis...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707437/long-term-impact-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-on-gastrointestinal-symptoms-dietary-intake-patient-acceptability-and-healthcare-utilization-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#11
M O'Keeffe, C Jansen, L Martin, M Williams, L Seamark, H M Staudacher, P M Irving, K Whelan, M C Lomer
BACKGROUND: The low-FODMAP diet is a frequently used treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Most research has focused on short-term FODMAP restriction; however, guidelines recommend that high-FODMAP foods are reintroduced to individual tolerance. This study aimed to assess the long-term effectiveness of the low-FODMAP diet following FODMAP reintroduction in IBS patients. METHODS: Patients with IBS were prospectively recruited to a questionnaire study following completion of dietitian-led low-FODMAP education...
July 14, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700832/a-12-week-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-lchf-diet-improves-metabolic-health-outcomes-over-a-control-diet-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-overweight-defence-force-personnel
#12
Caryn Zinn, Julia McPhee, Nigel Kent Harris, Micalla Williden, Kate Prendergast, Grant Schofield
INTRODUCTION: Overweight, obesity and poor health is becoming a global concern for defence force personnel. Conventional nutrition guidelines are being questioned for their efficacy in achieving optimal body composition and long-term health. This study compared the effects of a 12-week low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet with a conventional, high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on weight reduction and metabolic health outcomes in at-risk New Zealand Defence Force personnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, 41 overweight personnel were assigned to intervention and control groups...
July 12, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697099/intensive-prenatal-nutrition-counseling-in-a-community-health-setting-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Alessandra Peccei, Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Debra Rahilly, Ida Hatoum, Allison Bryant
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a culturally appropriate nutritional intervention delivered to overweight and obese patients in a community health setting on gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of an intensive nutrition counseling intervention for overweight and obese women by a registered dietitian throughout pregnancy and 6 months postpartum. The primary outcome was likelihood of gestational weight gain within Institute of Medicine (IOM, now known as the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) guidelines...
July 7, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696407/country-and-gender-specific-achievement-of-healthy-nutrition-and-physical-activity-guidelines-latent-class-analysis-of-6266-university-students-in-egypt-libya-and-palestine
#14
Walid El Ansari, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff
Research on healthy behaviour such as physical activity and healthy nutrition and their combination is lacking among university students in Arab countries. The current survey assessed healthy nutrition, and moderate/vigorous physical activity (PA) of 6266 students in Egypt, Libya, and Palestine. We computed a nutrition guideline achievement index using WHO recommendation, as well as the achievement of PA recommendations using guidelines for adults of the American Heart Association guidelines. Latent class regression analysis identified homogenous groups of male and female students, based on their achievements of both guidelines...
July 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694327/efficacy-of-nutritional-interventions-to-lower-circulating-ceramides-in-young-adults-fruvedomic-pilot-study
#15
Alice T Mathews, Oluremi A Famodu, Melissa D Olfert, Pamela J Murray, Christopher F Cuff, Marianne T Downes, Norman J Haughey, Sarah E Colby, Paul D Chantler, I Mark Olfert, Joseph W McFadden
The 2010 USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommends a diet largely composed of fruit and vegetables. Consuming a diet high in fruit and vegetables and low in refined carbohydrates and saturated fat may reduce an individual's risk for type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, low-grade chronic inflammation, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Several recent studies have implicated the bioactive sphingolipid ceramide as an associative and causative biomarker for the development of these conditions...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691958/guidelines-for-the-provision-and-assessment-of-nutrition-support-therapy-in-the-pediatric-critically-ill-patient-society-of-critical-care-medicine-and-american-society-for-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition
#16
Nilesh M Mehta, Heather E Skillman, Sharon Y Irving, Jorge A Coss-Bu, Sarah Vermilyea, Elizabeth Anne Farrington, Liam McKeever, Amber M Hall, Praveen S Goday, Carol Braunschweig
This document represents the first collaboration between two organizations, American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and the Society of Critical Care Medicine, to describe best practices in nutrition therapy in critically ill children. The target of these guidelines is intended to be the pediatric (> 1 mo and < 18 yr) critically ill patient expected to require a length of stay greater than 2 or 3 days in a PICU admitting medical, surgical, and cardiac patients. In total, 2,032 citations were scanned for relevance...
July 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689670/espen-expert-group-recommendations-for-action-against-cancer-related-malnutrition
#17
REVIEW
J Arends, V Baracos, H Bertz, F Bozzetti, P C Calder, N E P Deutz, N Erickson, A Laviano, M P Lisanti, D N Lobo, D C McMillan, M Muscaritoli, J Ockenga, M Pirlich, F Strasser, M de van der Schueren, A Van Gossum, P Vaupel, A Weimann
Patients with cancer are at particularly high risk for malnutrition because both the disease and its treatments threaten their nutritional status. Yet cancer-related nutritional risk is sometimes overlooked or under-treated by clinicians, patients, and their families. The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) recently published evidence-based guidelines for nutritional care in patients with cancer. In further support of these guidelines, an ESPEN oncology expert group met for a Cancer and Nutrition Workshop in Berlin on October 24 and 25, 2016...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686844/guidelines-for-the-provision-and-assessment-of-nutrition-support-therapy-in-the-pediatric-critically-ill-patient-society-of-critical-care-medicine-and-american-society-for-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition
#18
Nilesh M Mehta, Heather E Skillman, Sharon Y Irving, Jorge A Coss-Bu, Sarah Vermilyea, Elizabeth Anne Farrington, Liam McKeever, Amber M Hall, Praveen S Goday, Carol Braunschweig
This document represents the first collaboration between 2 organizations-the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and the Society of Critical Care Medicine-to describe best practices in nutrition therapy in critically ill children. The target of these guidelines is intended to be the pediatric critically ill patient (>1 month and <18 years) expected to require a length of stay >2-3 days in a PICU admitting medical, surgical, and cardiac patients. In total, 2032 citations were scanned for relevance...
May 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684676/integrated-assessment-of-pharmacological-and-nutritional-cardiovascular-risk-management-blood-pressure-control-in-the-diabetes-and-lifestyle-cohort-twente-dialect
#19
Christina M Gant, S Heleen Binnenmars, Else van den Berg, Stephan J L Bakker, Gerjan Navis, Gozewijn D Laverman
Cardiovascular risk management is an integral part of treatment in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), and requires pharmacological as well as nutritional management. We hypothesize that a systematic assessment of both pharmacological and nutritional management can identify targets for the improvement of treatment quality. Therefore, we analysed blood pressure (BP) management in the DIAbetes and LifEstyle Cohort Twente (DIALECT). DIALECT is an observational cohort from routine diabetes care, performed at the ZGT Hospital (Almelo and Hengelo, The Netherlands)...
July 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678187/incorporating-added-sugar-improves-the-performance-of-the-health-star-rating-front-of-pack-labelling-system-in-australia
#20
Sanne A E Peters, Elizabeth Dunford, Alexandra Jones, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Michelle Crino, Fraser Taylor, Mark Woodward, Bruce Neal
BACKGROUND: The Health Star Rating (HSR) is an interpretive front-of-pack labelling system that rates the overall nutritional profile of packaged foods. The algorithm underpinning the HSR includes total sugar content as one of the components. This has been criticised because intrinsic sugars naturally present in dairy, fruits, and vegetables are treated the same as sugars added during food processing. We assessed whether the HSR could better discriminate between core and discretionary foods by including added sugar in the underlying algorithm...
July 5, 2017: Nutrients
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