keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

malnutrition guidelines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207774/association-between-the-infant-and-child-feeding-index-icfi-and-nutritional-status-of-6-to-35-month-old-children-in-rural-western-china
#1
Pengfei Qu, Baibing Mi, Duolao Wang, Ruo Zhang, Jiaomei Yang, Danmeng Liu, Shaonong Dang, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the quality of feeding practices and children's nutritional status in rural western China. METHODS: A sample of 12,146 pairs of 6- to 35-month-old children and their mothers were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in rural western China. Quantile regression was used to analyze the relationship between the Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) and children's nutritional status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173966/nutrition-interventions-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancers-requiring-surgery
#2
Andreas Obermair, Marko Simunovic, Liz Isenring, Monika Janda
OBJECTIVE: Including developing countries, between 20 and 88% of gynecological oncology patients may present with at least mild malnutrition at diagnosis. Significant morbidity and mortality is attributed to malnutrition. Here we reviewed randomized clinical trials of nutritional interventions used to achieve early return to oral diet, enhance recovery from surgery and reduce adverse events in gynecological cancer patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: Ebscohost (CINAHL+Medline+PsycINFO), Cochrane, Embase, PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for articles published from 2000 onwards...
February 4, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153192/current-challenges-and-opportunities-in-pd
#3
REVIEW
Philip Kam-Tao Li, Vickie Wai-Ki Kwong
Despite the gradual increased use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) globally around the world, it is recognized that a number of areas in PD as a renal-replacement therapy require attention and improvements. The current challenges in PD include how to tackle technique failure and sustain long-term PD, manage and prevent peritoneal infections, malnutrition and inflammation, cardiovascular mortality, volume overload, glucose exposure, adequacy of solute removal, peritoneal access, peritoneal physiology and changes with long-term PD, patient fatigue, psychosocial issues, and care of elderly patients on PD...
January 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140779/social-ecological-perspectives-of-tube-feeding-older-adults-with-advanced-dementia-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Joy W Douglas, Jeannine C Lawrence, Lori W Turner
Dementia is a progressive, debilitating disease that often results in weight loss, malnutrition, and dehydration. Feeding tubes are often prescribed; however, this practice can lead to complications. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the use of feeding tubes in elderly demented patients from a social ecological perspective. Results indicated that family members often receive inadequate decision-making education. Many health care professionals lack knowledge of evidence-based guidelines pertaining to feeding tube use...
January 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139186/undernutrition-risk-and-undernutrition-in-pulmonology-department-inpatients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Isabel Maia, Bárbara Peleteiro, Sónia Xará, Teresa F Amaral
Pulmonology patients are predisposed to be undernourished and a wide variability in the estimates of frequency of undernutrition risk and undernutrition is found in the literature. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the prevalence of undernutrition risk and undernutrition on hospital admission in pulmonology department inpatients. We also intend to take into account the different methodologies used to evaluate undernutrition risk and undernutrition in this population. Pubmed, ISI-Web of Science, and Scopus were searched until January 2015...
February 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131521/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Alastair Forbes, Johanna Escher, Xavier Hébuterne, Stanisław Kłęk, Zeljko Krznaric, Stéphane Schneider, Raanan Shamir, Kalina Stardelova, Nicolette Wierdsma, Anthony E Wiskin, Stephan C Bischoff
INTRODUCTION: The ESPEN guideline presents a multidisciplinary focus on clinical nutrition in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODOLOGY: The guideline is based on extensive systematic review of the literature, but relies on expert opinion when objective data were lacking or inconclusive. The conclusions and 64 recommendations have been subject to full peer review and a Delphi process in which uniformly positive responses (agree or strongly agree) were required...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074773/low-dose-dialysis-combined-with-low-protein-intake-can-maintain-nitrogen-balance-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-in-poor-economies%C3%A2
#7
Chun-Yan Su, Tao Wang, Xin-Hong Lu, Sha Ma, Wen Tang, Pei-Yu Wang
OBJECTIVE: Due to limited economic conditions, we tried to provide "fitted" dialysis doses instead of the doses recommended by the international guidelines to the individual patients. In the present cross-sectional study, we studied the dialysis adequacy and nutritional status of 5 peritoneal dialysis patients who had a low dialysis dose (2 bags, 4,000 mL/day). METHODS: The 3-day dietary records were reviewed to calculate patients' energy, protein, and nitrogen intake (NI)...
February 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074217/-nutrition-in-dementia
#8
D Volkert
BACKGROUND: In the course of dementia sooner or later nutritional problems appear, and the question arises which interventions are effective in ensuring adequate nutrition and thus may contribute to the maintenance of health, functionality and independence. OBJECTIVE: This overview presents the state of knowledge regarding nutrition in dementia. METHODS: This work is based on the present guidelines of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) on nutrition in dementia, which systematically investigated relevant available evidence...
February 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067888/revisiting-nutritional-support-for-allogeneic-hematologic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
A Baumgartner, A Bargetzi, N Zueger, M Bargetzi, M Medinger, L Bounoure, F Gomes, Z Stanga, B Mueller, P Schuetz
In 2009, the American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and its European counterpart (Euopean Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition) published guidelines regarding nutritional support of patients with hematologic stem cell transplantation. Our aim was to do an up-to-date literature review regarding benefit of nutritional interventions and treatment recommendations. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Library for interventional and observational clinical studies. We extracted data based on a predefined case report form and assessed bias...
January 9, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052519/efficacy-of-world-health-organization-guideline-in-facility-based-reduction-of-mortality-in-severely-malnourished-children-from-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Muttaquina Hossain, Mohammod J Chisti, Mohammod Iqbal Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Mohammad Munirul Islam, Tahmeed Ahmed
AIM: Globally more than 19 million under-five children suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Data on efficacy of World Health Organization's (WHO's) guideline in reducing SAM mortality are limited. We aimed to assess the efficacy of WHO's facility-based guideline for the reduction of under-five SAM children mortality from low and middle income countries (LMICs). METHODS: A systematic search of literature published in 1980-2015 was conducted using electronic databases...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988455/delayed-diagnosis-of-wernicke-encephalopathy-with-irreversible-neural-damage-after-subtotal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-case-of-medical-liability
#11
Pamela Tozzo, Luciana Caenazzo, Daniele Rodriguez, Matteo Bolcato
INTRODUCTION: Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a neurological syndrome caused by thiamine deficiency, and clinically characterized by ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and acute confusion. In developed countries, most cases of WE have been seen in alcohol misusers. Other reported causes are gastrointestinal tract surgery, hyperemesis gravidarum, chronic malnutrition, prolonged total parenteral nutrition without thiamine supplementation, and increased nutrient requirements as in trauma or septic shock...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973736/anaemia-in-school-aged-children-in-an-australian-indigenous-community
#12
Cristian Udovicich, Kalpa Perera, Clinton Leahy
OBJECTIVE: Indigenous Australians have poorer health outcomes compared to the non-Indigenous population. Malnutrition, and subsequently iron-deficiency anaemia, impairs childhood development. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of anaemia in school-aged children of an Australian Indigenous community and evaluate the effectiveness of treatment. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A Northern Territory Indigenous community...
December 14, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935344/safe-management-of-ileostomates-with-high-output-stomas
#13
Ann Goodey, Sharon Colman
An ileostomy is where the small bowel is diverted to the abdominal surface resulting in the formation of a stoma. An Ileostomy can be temporary or permanent and produces loose faeces. Some ileostomates can develop high output in the early postoperative stage. Most will resolve, some will require ongoing treatment and management. While patients are monitored closely according to protocol in hospital once discharged into the community, there appears to be little standardisation. A literature search revealed that existing guidelines are for management of patients in the acute care setting...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931749/-hereditary-epidermolysis-bullosa-french-national-guidelines-pnds-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
C Chiaverini, E Bourrat, J Mazereeuw-Hautier, S Hadj-Rabia, C Bodemer, J-P Lacour
Hereditary epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a heterogeneous group of rare genetic diseases characterized by fragile skin and/or mucous membrane, and it may be either local or generalized. It is caused by mutations in genes encoding different proteins involved mainly in the structure and function of the dermal-epidermal junction. Nineteen genes have so far been identified. They are classified by level of skin cleavage (from top to bottom) into four groups: EB simplex, junctional EB, dystrophic EB and Kindler syndrome...
January 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931248/postpartum-depression-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-a-low-income-urban-settlement-in-nairobi-kenya
#15
Beatrice A Madeghe, Violet N Kimani, Ann Vander Stoep, Semret Nicodimos, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression can compromise caregiving activities, including infant feeding practices, resulting in child malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of postpartum depression on infant feeding practices and malnutrition among women in an urban low income settlement in Nairobi-Kenya. We conducted a cross-sectional study based in Kariobangi North Health Centre in Nairobi County. The study sample included 200 mother-infant pairs visiting the Maternal and Child Health clinics for infant immunization at 6-14 weeks postpartum...
December 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922341/an-exploration-of-complementary-feeding-of-infants-and-young-children-in-the-rural-area-of-muhoroni-nyanza-province-kenya-a-descriptive-study
#16
Sophie Harvey, Jo Callaby, Lesley Roberts
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate infant and young child feeding practices contribute to malnutrition, infection and long-term development limitation. AIMS: To explore complementary feeding and food safety in Muhoroni District, Nyanza Province in rural Kenya. OBJECTIVES: To compare practices with the Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) guidelines, and identify associations with inappropriate practices. METHODS: Between January and April 2014, a questionnaire completed by primary caregivers of children aged 6-23 months asked about foods the child had received in the previous 24 hours, the introduction of complementary foods, and the food hygiene practices undertaken by the caregiver...
December 6, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866011/protected-mealtimes-in-hospitals-and-nutritional-intake-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#17
REVIEW
Judi Porter, Ella Ottrey, Catherine E Huggins
OBJECTIVES: Protected Mealtimes is an intervention developed to address the problem of malnutrition, particularly in the hospital setting. The intervention aims to provide interruption-free time to eat during a hospital admission, thus supporting increased nutritional intake. This review aimed to determine the impact of Protected Mealtimes on the nutritional intake of hospitalised patients. DESIGN: The review was registered with the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42015023423) and followed the PRISMA guidelines...
January 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846837/prevalence-aetiology-treatment-and-outcomes-of-shock-in-children-admitted-to-kenyan-hospitals
#18
George Mbevi, Philip Ayieko, Grace Irimu, Samuel Akech, Mike English
BACKGROUND: Shock may complicate several acute childhood illnesses in hospitals within low-income countries and has a high case fatality. Hypovolemic shock secondary to diarrhoea/dehydration and septic shock are thought to be common, but there are few reliable data on prevalence or treatment that differ for the two major forms of shock. Examining prevalence and treatment practices has become important since reports suggest high risks from liberal use of fluid boluses in African children...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790606/nutrition-a-primary-therapy-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Bryan Wilson, Katri Typpo
Appropriate nutrition is an essential component of intensive care management of children with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and is linked to patient outcomes. One out of every two children in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) will develop malnutrition or have worsening of baseline malnutrition and present with specific micronutrient deficiencies. Early and adequate enteral nutrition (EN) is associated with improved 60-day survival after pediatric critical illness, and, yet, despite early EN guidelines, critically ill children receive on average only 55% of goal calories by PICU day 10...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788917/-nutritional-management-for-patients-hospitalized-during-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-guidelines-from-the-francophone-society-of-bone-marrow-transplantation-and-cellular-therapy-sfgm-tc
#20
Jacques-Olivier Bay, Caroline Dendoncker, Marie Angeli, Thomas Biot, Marinette Chikhi, Cécile Combal, Line Jouannic, Guénola Kermeur, Lisa Lopvet, Tony Marchand, Stéphanie Schmitt, Sophie Servais, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, David Seguy
Allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation is usually applied with success for patients with diseases involving bone marrow and associated with frequent and severe malnutrition. Denutrition is an independent survival factor and contribute to transplant-related mortality. Due to the heaviness of the treatment, this event is frequent. Before allogeneic transplantation, the nutritional statute should be evaluated. The adult or pediatric patient's evaluation modalities and nutritional needs are detailed in this paper...
November 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
keyword
keyword
120856
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"