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Neonatal thromboelastography

Mario Motta, Brunetta Guaragni, Elena Pezzotti, Carmen Rodriguez-Perez, Gaetano Chirico
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Early Human Development
Mario Motta, Brunetta Guaragni, Elena Pezzotti, Carmen Rodriguez-Perez, Gaetano Chirico
BACKGROUND: Bleeding due to acquired coagulation disorders is a common complication in premature neonates. In this clinical setting, standard coagulation laboratory tests might be unsuitable to investigate the hemostatic function as they reflect the concentration of pro-coagulant proteins but not of anti-coagulant proteins. Thromboelastography (TEG), providing a more complete assessment of hemostasis, may be able to overcome some of these limitations. Unfortunately, experience on the use of TEG in premature neonates is very limited and, in particular in this population, reference ranges of TEG parameters have not been yet evaluated...
September 15, 2017: Early Human Development
Nicholas J Schott, Stephen P Emery, Courtney Garbee, Jonathan Waters
BACKGROUND: Thromboelastography (TEG) is utilized as a point-of-care test of coagulation function to improve evidence-based blood product replacement in adults. In contrast to standard indices of coagulation, TEG reflects the dynamic interactions among the elements involved in hemostasis, including fibrinolysis. Although normal adult values and various abnormalities have been characterized, normative values for term neonates have not been described. Studies of neonatal TEG remain limited and have small sample sizes with inconsistent methodology...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Fadi F Nossair, Howard H W Chan, Jorell Gantioqui, Helen M Atkinson, Leslie R Berry, Anthony K C Chan
: Thromboelastography (TEG) is a global assay used for evaluating features of clot formation in vitro. Dabigatran is a reversible direct inhibitor of thrombin that has not been studied in neonates using a sophisticated global assay, such as TEG. Neonatal hemostasis differs from adult hemostasis in both quantitative and qualitative characteristics. Our aim was to compare the TEG clotting profile of neonatal and adult platelet-poor plasma when exposed to different concentrations of dabigatran. We used commercially collected adult pooled plasma and neonatal cord blood collected from placentas of healthy full term newborns...
October 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
M Manook, J Kwun, C Burghuber, K Samy, M Mulvihill, J Yoon, H Xu, A L MacDonald, K Freischlag, V Curfman, E Branum, D Howell, A B Farris, R A Smith, S Sacks, A Dorling, N Mamode, S J Knechtle
Early activation of coagulation is an important factor in the initiation of innate immunity, as characterized by thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). In transplantation, systemic anticoagulation is difficult due to bleeding. A novel "cytotopic" agent, thrombalexin (TLN), combines a cell-membrane-bound (myristoyl tail) anti-thrombin (hirudin-like peptide [HLL]), which can be perfused directly to the donor organ or cells. Thromboelastography was used to measure time to clot formation (r-time) in both rhesus and human blood, comparing TLN versus HLL (without cytotopic tail) versus negative control...
August 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
Nischal K Gautam, Chunyan Cai, Olga Pawelek, Muhammad B Rafique, Davide Cattano, Evan G Pivalizza
BACKGROUND: Functional Fibrinogen assay of the Thromboelastography (FFTEG), a whole blood viscoelastic hemostatic assay, has been used to estimate fibrinogen levels in adult patients undergoing major surgery but its performance in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery requires evaluation. In this study, we evaluate the correlation between FFTEG parameters and standard laboratory tests for fibrinogen and platelet counts before and after cardiopulmonary bypass in children undergoing repair for congenital heart disease...
February 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Lucia Mirabella, Antonella Cotoia, Giusj Colacicco, Livio Tullo, Potito Salatto, Giuseppina Mollica, Karim Mariano, Michele Dambrosio, Gilda Cinnella
BACKGROUND: Most data in the literature report reduced coagulation activities in the first few days of life with respect to adults and the effects of these differences must be considered when diagnosing and treating hemostatic disorders. The management of pediatric population is further complicated by the lack of age-related reference values and by the unreliability of currently-used hemostatic tests, while an accurate interpretation of results is required to reduce the cases of inappropriate investigation...
April 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
Elizabeth K Sewell, Katie R Forman, Edward C C Wong, Meanavy Gallagher, Naomi L C Luban, An N Massaro
OBJECTIVE: To develop normative ranges for citrate-modified and heparinase-modified thromboelastography (TEG) in term neonates. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: An outborn neonatal and cardiac intensive care unit in a free-standing academic children's hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty term neonates were enrolled as control subjects. Seventeen infants with clinically documented bleeding requiring blood transfusion were enrolled in the comparison group...
January 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Rakefet Sidlik, Tzipora Strauss, Iris Morag, Boris Shenkman, Ilia Tamarin, Aharon Lubetsky, Tami Livnat, Gili Kenet
BACKGROUND: The fibrinolytic system in newborns is immature and probably impaired. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate functional fibrinolytic capacity of newborn's cord blood using a new thromboelastometry (rotational thromboelastogram, ROTEM®) test. METHODS: Infants born at Sheba Medical Center were studied prospectively. Cord blood was obtained immediately after clumping, and ROTEM parameters were assessed applying non-activated TEM (NATEM) assay with increasing concentration of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA, 0-200 U/ml)...
May 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Maurizio Radicioni, Alessia Bruni, Vittorio Bini, Alfredo Villa, Carla Ferri
OBJECTIVE: To delineate thromboelastographic profiles of the premature infants with and without intracranial hemorrhage during the first 21 days of life. METHODS: In this study, 49 premature infants (24 female; 25 male) were consecutively admitted at our neonatal intensive care unit during a 6 months period were subject to thromboelastography and standard coagulation assessments at birth and weekly up to 21 days. Sixteen out of 49 infants developed intracranial hemorrhage at birth...
2015: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Katie R Forman, Edward Wong, Meanavy Gallagher, Robert McCarter, Naomi L C Luban, An N Massaro
BACKGROUND: Encephalopathic neonates undergoing therapeutic hypothermia have increased risk for coagulopathy secondary to perinatal asphyxia and effects of cooling on the coagulation enzyme cascade. Thromboelastography (TEG) allows for a comprehensive assessment of coagulation that can be regulated for temperature. TEG has not been previously evaluated in newborns undergoing hypothermia treatment. METHODS: Encephalopathic neonates treated with systemic hypothermia were enrolled in this prospective observational study...
May 2014: Pediatric Research
Bryan J Dicken, Aisha Bruce, Tarah M Samuel, Paul W Wales, Susan Nahirniak, Justine M Turner
Our clinical experience led us to reassess the effect of sole omega-3 lipid therapy on hemostasis. We compared thromboelastography platelet mapping in neonatal piglets given sole omega-3 lipid. We identified abnormalities in reaction time (P = .025) and the arachidonic acid pathway (P = .025). The potential for bleeding complications from parenteral omega-3 lipid emulsion therapy in high-risk infants with liver disease has been dismissed but, on the basis of this data, should be reconsidered.
March 2014: Journal of Pediatrics
Branden E Yee, Richard N Wissler, Christine N Zanghi, Changyong Feng, Michael P Eaton
BACKGROUND: Neonates are at high risk for bleeding complications after cardiovascular surgery. Activation of intravascular fibrinolysis is one of the principal effects of cardiopulmonary bypass that causes poor postoperative hemostasis. Antifibrinolytic medications such as tranexamic acid are often used as prophylaxis against fibrinolysis, but concentration/effect data to guide dosing are sparse for adults and have not been published for neonates. Higher concentrations of tranexamic acid than those necessary for inhibition of fibrinolysis may have adverse effects...
October 2013: Anesthesia and Analgesia
M Radicioni, D Mezzetti, A Del Vecchio, M Motta
AIM: To review the working principles of thromboelastography and evaluate the current knowledge about the possibility of its implementation in the neonatal intensive care unit setting. METHOD: Thorough search of the literature in the PubMed database (until May 31, 2012) concerning Thromboelastography (TEG) and/or Thromboelastometry (ROTEM) use in the newborn infant. RESULTS: Neonatal data are limited to a small number of healthy subjects and virtually absent in the extreme premature infant...
October 2012: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
J L Mendez-Angulo, M Mudge, S Zaldivar-Lopez, P Vilar-Saavedra, G Couto
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate citrated recalcified thromboelastography (TEG) in healthy newborn foals, and to determine intra-assay, inter-individual and intra-individual (at 12 h, 24 h and 7 days after birth) variations. Additionally, to compare TEG variables, haematological values and conventional coagulation profiles from healthy, sick non-septic, and septic foals. DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: The study group comprised 18 healthy, 15 sick non-septic and 17 septic foals...
December 2011: Australian Veterinary Journal
F Ferrer-Marin, C Chavda, M Lampa, A D Michelson, A L Frelinger, M Sola-Visner
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia is frequent among neonates, and 20-25% of affected infants are treated with platelet transfusions. These are frequently given for mild thrombocytopenia (platelets: 50-100 × 10(9) L(-1)), largely because of the known hyporeactivity of neonatal platelets. In tests of primary hemostasis, however, neonates have shorter bleeding and closure times (CTs) than adults. This has been attributed to their higher hematocrits, higher von Willebrand factor (VWF) concentrations, and predominance of longer VWF polymers...
May 2011: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Nigel J Hall, Simon Eaton, Mark J Peters, Melanie P Hiorns, Nicholas Alexander, Denis V Azzopardi, Agostino Pierro
OBJECTIVES: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) carries significant morbidity and mortality. There is extensive experimental evidence to support investigation of therapeutic hypothermia in infants with these conditions. We aimed to establish the feasibility and safety of mild hypothermia in preterm neonates with NEC and MODS as a prelude to a randomized trial. METHODS: This was a prospective, nonrandomized pilot study of 15 preterm infants who were referred for surgical intervention of advanced NEC and failure of at least 3 organs...
February 2010: Pediatrics
T Strauss, Y Levy-Shraga, B Ravid, I Schushan-Eisen, A Maayan-Metzger, J Kuint, G Kenet
Evaluation of clot formation in neonates is troublesome. Our aim was to investigate cord blood clot formation of pre-term versus full-term infants and adults, using rotating thromboelastogram (ROTEM), Pentafarm, Munich, Germany). ROTEM was investigated in cord blood of 184 full-term and 47 pre-term infants. Measurements of the clotting time (CT), clot formation time (CFT) and maximal clot firmness (MCF) were obtained in order to asses reference values for this age group, and compare between full-term and pre-term neonates and compared to adult controls...
February 2010: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Sara J Israels
Investigation of platelet function disorders in infants and small children requires the collaborative efforts of clinicians and clinical laboratories. A detailed personal, family, and medication history, and a search for additional clinical phenomena may help to direct diagnostic laboratory investigations. Testing for these disorders in young children presents several challenges: the requirement of relatively large volumes of blood, lack of standardization, and the absence of well-established age-specific reference ranges...
March 2009: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Rachel M Edwards, Bindi Jayendra Naik-Mathuria, Andre Nicholas Gay, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Jun Teruya
Thromboelastography (TEG) aids in monitoring a patient's global hemostatic system by measuring the rate of clot formation, clot strength, and stability. The usefulness of TEG in pediatric settings, especially with neonates, is limited owing to a lack of neonatal reference values. In this study, neonatal TEG reference intervals were developed and results correlated with other coagulation test parameters. Samples were from women who delivered a neonate after at least 34 weeks of gestation in normal pregnancies...
July 2008: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
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