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cardiac tamponade guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837916/chylopericardium-following-thoracoscopic-resection-of-a-mediastinal-cyst-a-case-report
#1
Toshiko Kamata, Mitsutoshi Shiba, Taiki Fujiwara, Kaoru Nagato, Shigetoshi Yoshida, Toru Inoue, Tomohiko Iida
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic duct cysts are very rare, and diagnosis is often difficult. We report a rare case of chylopericardium following thoracic duct cyst resection. There are no established guidelines on the management of such cases. We reviewed the literature on postoperative complications after thoracic duct cyst resection, and conducted the first thorough review of the etiology and management of chylopericardium in surgical cases. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 54-year-old male presented with cardiac tamponade due to chylopericardium...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707420/transthoracic-intracardiac-catheters-in-pediatric-cardiac-patients-a-single-center-experience
#2
Kristoffer Beham, Hitendu Dave, Janet Kelly, Bernhard Frey, Maja I Hug, Barbara Brotschi
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic intracardiac catheters are frequently inserted in children during congenital heart surgery for monitoring and vascular access purposes. Their use entails a small potential risk. AIM: We aimed to evaluate both catheter-associated morbidities related to maintenance and removal of transthoracic intracardiac catheters in pediatric cardiac patients, and predictors for catheter-associated adverse events. METHODS: Single-center retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data of children aged 0-14 years receiving a transthoracic intracardiac catheter inserted in the operating room during 7 consecutive years at the University Children's Hospital Zurich...
September 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430713/a-national-survey-of-neonatologists-barriers-and-prerequisites-to-introduce-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-neonatal-icus
#3
Hussnain S Mirza, Gregory Logsdon, Anoop Pulickal, Mark Stephens, Rajan Wadhawan
Point-of-care (POC) ultrasound refers to the use of portable imaging. Although POC ultrasound is widely available to the neonatologists in Australia and Europe, neonatologists in the United States report limited availability. Our objective was to seek the US neonatologists' perception of barriers and prerequisites in adopting POC ultrasound in neonatal intensive care units. An online survey link was sent via e-mail to 3000 neonatologists included in the database maintained by the American Academy of Pediatrics...
April 20, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122680/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-expert-consensus-for-the-resuscitation-of-patients-who-arrest-after-cardiac-surgery
#4
(no author information available yet)
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Task Force on Resuscitation After Cardiac Surgery provides this professional society perspective on resuscitation in patients who arrest after cardiac surgery. This document was created using a multimodal methodology for evidence generation and includes information from existing guidelines, from the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, from our own structured literature reviews on issues particular to cardiac surgery, and from an international survey on resuscitation hosted by CTSNet...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050441/blunt-cardiac-rupture-a-diagnostic-challenge
#5
Suraj Pinni, Vineet Kumar, Satish Balkrishna Dharap
Blunt Cardiac Rupture (BCR) is a life threatening injury. Majority of patients do not reach the hospital and in those who reach the emergency department, timely diagnosis and treatment is a challenge. The case is about a patient with multiple blunt injuries who presented in shock. Cardiac tamponade was suspected on clinical grounds and on evidence of mediastinal widening on radiograph. In the absence of songography, the diagnosis was confirmed by subxiphoid pericardial window. Emergency thoracotomy revealed a right atrial appendage rupture which was surgically corrected...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190729/sonography-in-hypotension-and-cardiac-arrest-shoc-rates-of-abnormal-findings-in-undifferentiated-hypotension-and-during-cardiac-arrest-as-a-basis-for-consensus-on-a-hierarchical-point-of-care-ultrasound-protocol
#6
James Milne, Paul Atkinson, David Lewis, Jacqueline Fraser, Laura Diegelmann, Paul Olszynski, Melanie Stander, Hein Lamprecht
INTRODUCTION: Point of care ultrasound (PoCUS) has become an established tool in the initial management of patients with undifferentiated hypotension. Current established protocols (RUSH and ACES) were developed by expert user opinion, rather than objective, prospective data. PoCUS also provides invaluable information during resuscitation efforts in cardiac arrest by determining presence/absence of cardiac activity and identifying reversible causes such as pericardial tamponade. There is no agreed guideline on how to safely and effectively incorporate PoCUS into the advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) algorithm...
April 8, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182849/guidelines-for-the-appropriate-use-of-bedside-general-and-cardiac-ultrasonography-in-the-evaluation-of-critically-ill-patients-part-ii-cardiac-ultrasonography
#7
Alexander Levitov, Heidi L Frankel, Michael Blaivas, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Erik Su, David Evans, Douglas T Summerfield, Anthony Slonim, Raoul Breitkreutz, Susanna Price, Matthew McLaughlin, Paul E Marik, Mahmoud Elbarbary
OBJECTIVE: To establish evidence-based guidelines for the use of bedside cardiac ultrasound, echocardiography, in the ICU and equivalent care sites. METHODS: Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation system was used to rank the "levels" of quality of evidence into high (A), moderate (B), or low (C) and to determine the "strength" of recommendations as either strong (strength class 1) or conditional/weak (strength class 2), thus generating six "grades" of recommendations (1A-1B-1C-2A-2B-2C)...
June 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27120437/cardiac-tamponade-physiology-secondary-to-tense-ascites
#8
Saad Ahmad, Hina K Jamali, Fahad Waqar, David M Harris
Cardiac tamponade is a common and often life-threatening process, which is typically associated with a pericardial effusion or, in rare cases, with a large pleural effusion. Theoretically, as reported in only a single prior case, it can be caused by extrinsic compression from tense ascites. We present a case in which dynamic inferior wall collapse was secondary to increased abdominal pressure from tense ascites. This phenomenon may be more common than previously diagnosed, especially in patients with liver disease...
2016: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26853248/summary-2015-esc-guidelines
#9
REVIEW
Guy Van Camp, Agnes Pasquet, Peter Sinnaeve, Georges H Mairesse, Michel De Pauw, Marc J Claeys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26667949/-2015-esc-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-pericardial-diseases-task-force-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-pericardial-diseases-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc
#10
Yehuda Adler, Philippe Charron, Massimo Imazio, Luigi Badano, Gonzalo Baron-Esquivias, Jan Bogaert, Antonio Brucato, Pascal Gueret, Karin Klingel, Christos Lionis, Bernhard Maisch, Bongani Mayosi, Alain Pavie, Arsen D Ristic, Manel Sabaté Tenas, Petar Seferovic, Karl Swedberg, Witold Tomkowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26472998/part-10-special-circumstances-of-resuscitation-2015-american-heart-association-guidelines-update-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-emergency-cardiovascular-care
#11
REVIEW
Eric J Lavonas, Ian R Drennan, Andrea Gabrielli, Alan C Heffner, Christopher O Hoyte, Aaron M Orkin, Kelly N Sawyer, Michael W Donnino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2015: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26035030/spontaneous-life-threatening-hemorrhagic-cardiac-tamponade-secondary-to-rivaroxaban
#12
Nang Mo Kham, Mingchen Song
Bleeding is the most feared complication of anticoagulants. Rivaroxaban is a newer oral anticoagulant with a favorable regimen due to lack of frequent blood monitoring and fewer drug interactions. We report a case of spontaneous pericardial hemorrhage associated with rivaroxaban. Within 10 days of starting rivaroxaban for atrial fibrillation, the patient developed a life-threatening cardiac tamponade leading to shock and multiorgan failure. After urgent pericardiocentesis/drainage, the patient recovered. This case highlights the necessity of larger clinical trials and consensus guideline on monitoring the effects of novel oral anticoagulants and development of an antidote for reversal in cases of major bleeding events...
July 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25926597/incidence-and-prognostic-significance-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-flutter-in-acute-pericarditis
#13
Massimo Imazio, George Lazaros, Elisa Picardi, Panagiotis Vasileiou, Fabrizio Orlando, Mara Carraro, Dimitris Tsiachris, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, George Georgiopoulos, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Riccardo Belli, Fiorenzo Gaita
OBJECTIVE: Data on the incidence of new onset atrial fibrillation and flutter (AF/f) in patients with acute pericarditis are limited. We sought to determine the incidence and prognostic significance of AF/f in this setting. METHODS: Between January 2006 and June 2014, consecutive new cases of acute pericarditis were included in two urban referral centres for pericardial diseases. All new cases of AF/f defined as episodes lasting ≥30 s were recorded. Events considered during follow-up consisted of AF/f and pericarditis recurrence, cardiac tamponade, pericardial constriction and death...
September 2015: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25689551/safety-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-a-hospital-with-visiting-on-site-cardiac-surgery
#14
Sameer Gafoor, Margarita Sirotina, Mirko Doss, Jennifer Franke, Kerstin Piayda, Simon Lam, Stefan Bertog, Laura Vaskelyte, Ilona Hofmann, Horst Sievert
OBJECTIVES: To describe the feasibility and safety of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a visiting on-site cardiac surgery program for surgical back-up. BACKGROUND: Both European and American guidelines recommend institutional cardiac surgery back-up for TAVI. However, the conversion to cardiac surgery is very rare, many complications of TAVI can be managed by catheter techniques and a visiting team can also provide surgical stand-by. Therefore, the need for institutional cardiac surgery (by a surgeon who routinely performs conventional surgical valve replacement at the institution performing TAVI) has been questioned...
February 2015: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25683169/a-new-scoring-system-for-the-triage-of-cardiac-tamponade
#15
EDITORIAL
Massimo Imazio, Yehuda Adler, Arsen D Ristić, Philippe Charron
Prompt recognition of cardiac tamponade is critical since the underlying hemodynamic disorder can lead to death if not resolved by percutaneous or surgical drainage of the pericardium. Nevertheless, the management of cardiac tamponade can be challenging because of the lack of the validated criteria for the risk stratification that should guide clinicians in the decision-making process. The Working Group on Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases issued this position statement in order to reply to specific questions: Which patients need immediate drainage of the pericardial effusion?; Is echocardiography sufficient for guidance of pericardiocentesis or should patient be taken to the cardiac catheterization laboratory?; Who should be transferred to specialized/tertiary institution or surgical service?; What type of medical support is necessary during transportation? Current European guidelines published in 2004 do not cover these issues and no additional guidelines are available from major medical and cardiology societies...
March 2015: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25682988/systematic-implantation-of-pacemaker-icds-under-active-oral-anticoagulation-irrespective-of-patient-s-individual-preoperative-thromboembolic-risk
#16
Óscar Cano, Ana Andrés, Rebeca Jiménez, Joaquín Osca, Pau Alonso, Ydelise Rodríguez, María-José Sancho-Tello, José Olagüe, José E Castro, Antonio Salvador, Luis Martínez-Dolz
BACKGROUND: A wide variability in the perioperative management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) has been documented in patients receiving cardiac rhythm management devices (CRMDs). We sought to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a new perioperative strategy consisting in systematically continuing OAC in all patients irrespective of their individual thromboembolic (TE) risk. METHODS: A total of 278 consecutive patients on chronic OAC receiving CRMDs were prospectively included...
June 2015: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25347952/-diagnostics-and-therapy-of-pericarditis-and-pericardial-effusion
#17
B Maisch, A D Ristić
This article describes the diagnostics, differential diagnostics, multimodal imaging, medicinal and invasive diagnostic therapy of acute and chronic pericarditis, constrictive pericarditis, pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade under etiological aspects and on the basis of the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). The starting point of the decision tree is the symptomatic patient with echocardiographic evidence of pericardial effusion. The principle feature of the diagnostics is the etiopathogenetic allocation of the pericardial disease which influences the clinical picture, course therapy and prognosis...
November 2014: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25334972/ivc-filter-placement-complicated-by-penetration-of-the-renal-veins-and-migration-of-a-fracture-strut-to-the-anterior-pericardium
#18
Punita Kaveti, Avantika Chenna, Ujwala Gunnal, Saurabh Khurana, Marshaleen Herniques-Forsythe
SESSION TITLE: Pulmonary Vascular Disease Student/Resident Case Report Posters IISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) placement is recommended to prevent pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with acute proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT) who have contraindication to anticoagulation (1). The advent of retrievable filters has significantly increased the use of IVCFs over past three decade...
October 1, 2014: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25248336/european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-eacvi-position-paper-multimodality-imaging-in-pericardial-disease
#19
REVIEW
Bernard Cosyns, Sven Plein, Petros Nihoyanopoulos, Otto Smiseth, Stephan Achenbach, Maria Joao Andrade, Mauro Pepi, Arsen Ristic, Massimo Imazio, Bernard Paelinck, Patrizio Lancellotti
Although pericardial diseases are common in the daily clinical practice and can result in a significant morbidity and mortality, imaging of patients with suspected or known pericardial disorders remain challenging. Multimodality imaging is part of the management of pericardial diseases. Echocardiography, cardiac computed tomography, and cardiovascular magnetic resonance are often used as complementary imaging modalities. The choice of one or multiple imaging modalities is driven by the clinical context or conditions of the patient...
January 2015: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25193011/renal-cell-carcinoma-with-intramyocardial-metastases
#20
Anna M Czarnecka, Pawel Sobczuk, Fei Lian, Cezary Szczylik
BACKGROUND: Cardiac metastases from renal cell carcinoma without vena caval involvement are extremely rare with a limited number of cases reported in the worldwide literature until now. Nevertheless, this rare location of metastasis may significantly influence patient treatment and prognosis. Cooperation between oncology, cardiology, and urology teams are indispensable in cases of patients suffering from intramyocardial tumors. For these individuals, treatment guidelines based on large-scale studies are unavailable and only case/case series analysis may provide clinicians with decision assistance...
2014: BMC Urology
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