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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639196/associations-of-blood-mercury-inorganic-mercury-methyl-mercury-and-bisphenol-a-with-dental-surface-restorations-in-the-u-s-population-nhanes-2003-2004-and-2010-2012
#1
Lei Yin, Kevin Yu, Simon Lin, Xiao Song, Xiaozhong Yu
The potential adverse health effects of mercury from amalgam and bisphenol A (BPA) from composite resin have been significant concerns. It is unclear whether dental restorative materials significantly contribute to mercury or BPA levels. The purpose of this study is to use NHANES data including 14,703 subjects (2003-2004: n=7514; 2011-2012: n=7189) to examine the association between Dental Surface Restorations (DSR) and blood total mercury (THg), inorganic mercury (IHg), methyl mercury (MeHg) and urinary BPA through the stratification of covariates and multivariate analysis...
December 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629279/tobacco-smoke-exposure-in-indoor-and-outdoor-locations-in-airports-across-europe-and-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Frances A Stillman, Andrea Soong, Yuanjie Pang, Laura Zheng, Esther Garcia-Esquinas, Maria Jose Lopez, Ana Navas-Acien
OBJECTIVE: Conduct a systematic evaluation of indoor and outdoor areas of selected airports, assess compliance and identify areas of improvement with smoke-free policies in airports. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study conducted at 21 airports in Europe (11) and the United States (10). Using a standardized protocol, we assessed compliance (smoking, cigarette butts, smoke smell), and the physical environment (signage, ashtrays, designated smoking rooms [DSRs], tobacco sales)...
September 14, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536785/increased-serum-levels-of-oxytocin-in-treatment-resistant-depression-in-adolescents-trdia-group
#3
Tsuyoshi Sasaki, Kenji Hashimoto, Yasunori Oda, Tamaki Ishima, Madoka Yakita, Tsutomu Kurata, Masaru Kunou, Jumpei Takahashi, Yu Kamata, Atsushi Kimura, Tomihisa Niitsu, Hideki Komatsu, Tadashi Hasegawa, Akihiro Shiina, Tasuku Hashimoto, Nobuhisa Kanahara, Eiji Shimizu, Masaomi Iyo
OBJECTIVE: 'Treatment-resistant depression' is depression that does not respond to an adequate regimen of evidence-based treatment. Treatment-resistant depression frequently becomes chronic. Children with treatment-resistant depression might also develop bipolar disorder (BD). The objective of this study was to determine whether serum levels of oxytocin (OXT) in treatment-resistant depression in adolescents (TRDIA) differ from non-treatment-resistant depression in adolescents (non-TRDIA) or controls...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318825/building-a-patient-specific-risk-score-with-a-large-database-of-discharge-summary-reports
#4
Zhi Qu, Lue Ping Zhao, Xiemin Ma, Siyan Zhan
BACKGROUND There is increasing interest in clinical research with electronic medical data, but it often faces the challenges of heterogeneity between hospitals. Our objective was to develop a single numerical score for characterizing such heterogeneity via computing inpatient mortality in treating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients based on diagnostic information recorded in the database of Discharge Summary Reports (DSR). MATERIAL AND METHODS Using 4 216 135 DSRs of 49 tertiary hospitals from 2006 to 2010 in Beijing, more than 200 secondary diagnoses were identified to develop a risk score for AMI (n=50 531)...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203825/associations-between-problematic-gaming-and-psychiatric-symptoms-among-adolescents-in-two-samples
#5
Sofia Vadlin, Cecilia Åslund, Charlotta Hellström, Kent W Nilsson
The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between problematic gaming and psychiatric symptoms among adolescents. Data from adolescents in the SALVe cohort, including adolescents in Västmanland who were born in 1997 and 1999 (N=1868; 1034 girls), and data from consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients in Västmanland (N=242; 169 girls) were analyzed. Adolescents self-rated on the Gaming Addiction Identification Test (GAIT), Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale Adolescent version (ASRS-A), Depression Self-Rating Scale Adolescent version (DSRS-A), Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS), and psychotic-like experiences (PLEs)...
October 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192544/does-emergency-department-use-for-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-cluster-geographically-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Amanda S Newton, Kassi Shave, Rhonda J Rosychuk
PURPOSE: To identify geographic areas in Alberta, Canada with higher numbers of adolescents with an emergency department (ED) presentation for a mental or behavioral disorder secondary to alcohol and other drug use. METHODS: A population-based cohort analysis of ED visits (n = 7787) by adolescents aged 15-17 years (n = 7238) during 2002-2011. We calculated sex-adjusted directly standardized rates (DSRs) and identified space-time clusters in health zones (North, Edmonton, Calgary, Central, and South)...
July 28, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119143/left-ventricular-dilation-and-pulmonary-vasodilatation-after-surgical-shunt-for-treatment-of-pre-sinusoidal-portal-hypertension
#7
Orlando Luis de Andrade Santarém, Roberto de Cleva, Flávia Megumi Sasaya, Marianna Siqueira de Assumpção, Meive Santos Furtado, Alfonso Julio Guedes Barbato, Paulo Herman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the long-term cardiovascular and pulmonary hemodynamic effects of surgical shunt for treatment of portal hypertension (PH) due to Schistosomiasis mansoni. LOCATION: The University of São Paulo Medical School, Brazil; Public Practice. METHODS: Hemodynamic evaluation was performed with transesophageal Doppler and contrast-enhanced echocardiography (ECHO) on twenty-eight participants with schistosomal portal hypertension...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109334/are-changes-in-gait-and-balance-across-the-disease-step-rating-scale-in-multiple-sclerosis-statistically-significant-and-clinically-meaningful
#8
Katrina L Williams, Nancy L Low Choy, Sandra G Brauer
OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in gait endurance, speed, and standing balance in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) across the Disease Step Rating Scale, and to determine if differences are statistically significant and clinically meaningful. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Community rehabilitation - primary health care center. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling people with MS (N=222; mean age, 48±12y; 32% men)...
September 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26795074/threshold-dependence-of-deep-and-near-subwavelength-ripples-formation-on-natural-mos2-induced-by-femtosecond-laser
#9
Yusong Pan, Ming Yang, Yumei Li, Zhenhua Wang, Chunling Zhang, Ying Zhao, Jianghong Yao, Qiang Wu, Jingjun Xu
Deep sub-wavelength ripples (DSRs) and near sub-wavelength ripples (NSRs) with uniform periods of ~160 nm and ~660 nm generated at the MoS2-vacuum interface is reported for the first time by the processing of femtosecond laser (800 nm, 120 fs, 1 kHz) in this paper. The DSRs and NSRs formation fluence thresholds are experimentally determined as 160 mJ/cm(2) and 192 mJ/cm(2), respectively. In addition, the ripple period is insensitive to the pulse number. Moreover, Raman analyses show that the MoS2 lattice in the irradiated area does not exhibit oxidation at room environment and the crystalline representation is well preserved in NSRs region...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26689491/pharyngeal-electrical-stimulation-for-treatment-of-poststroke-dysphagia-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Polly Scutt, Han S Lee, Shaheen Hamdy, Philip M Bath
Background. Dysphagia after stroke is common, associated independently with poor outcome, and has limited treatment options. Pharyngeal electrical stimulation (PES) is a novel treatment being evaluated for treatment of poststroke dysphagia. Methods. We searched electronically for randomised controlled trials of PES in dysphagic patients within 3 months of stroke. Individual patient data were analysed using regression, adjusted for trial, age, severity, and baseline score. The coprimary outcomes were radiological aspiration (penetration aspiration score, PAS) and clinical dysphagia (dysphagia severity rating scale, DSRS) at 2 weeks; secondary outcomes included functional outcome, death, and length of stay in hospital...
2015: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26668917/-childhood-cancer-incidence-in-apulia-region-southern-italy-2003-2008
#11
Grazia Antonella Cannone, Maria Giovanna Burgio Lo Monaco, Simona Carone, Anna Melcarne, Margherita Tanzarella, Lucia Bisceglia, Antonino Ardizzone, Sante Minerba, Fabrizio Quarta, Vincenzo Coviello
OBJECTIVES: to investigate, for the first time, the incidence rates of malignant childhood cancers (children aged 0-14 years) in Apulia Region (Southern Italy) in the period 2003-2008. DESIGN: to compute incidence rates of childhood cancers from Apulia Region Cancer Registry database compared with the corresponding results published in 2012 by the Italian cancer registries network (AIRTUM),where data from the Apulia population were not included, because not available...
2015: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26624005/evolving-healthcare-quality-in-top-tertiary-general-hospitals-in-china-during-the-china-healthcare-reform-2010-2012-from-the-perspective-of-inpatient-mortality
#12
Xie-Min Ma, Xiao-Hong Chen, Ji-Shan Wang, Gary H Lyman, Zhi Qu, Wen Ma, Jing-Chen Song, Chuan-Kun Zhou, Lue Ping Zhao
Healthcare reforms (HR) initiated by many countries impacts on healthcare systems worldwide. Being one of fast developing countries, China launched HR in 2009. Better understanding of its impact is helpful for China and others in further pursuit of HR. Here we evaluate inpatient mortality, a proxy to healthcare quality, in 43 top tertiary hospitals in China during this critical period. This is a hospital-based observational study with 8 million discharge summary reports (DSR) from 43 Chinese hospitals from 2010-2012...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399349/changes-of-levels-of-depression-and-quality-of-life-after-short-term-cognitive-behavioral-educational-program-for-adolescent-students-in-health-class
#13
Atsuko Aki, Masahito Tomotake
AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the changes of levels of depression and quality of life in adolescent students after receiving short-term cognitive behavioral educational program in health class for stress management. METHODS: Subjects were 176 middle school students aged 12 to 14 years. They completed the Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children (DSRS-C) and the Revised Children Quality of Life Questionnaire (Kiddo-KINDL(R)) before, after and 6-months after the program...
2015: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26378482/portal-cavernoma-in-the-era-of-mesoportal-shunt-rex-and-liver-transplant-in-children
#14
Gloria Chocarro, Paloma Triana Junco, Eva Dominguez, María Virginia Amesty, Vanesa Nuñez Cerezo, Francisco Hernandez, Javier Murcia, Juan Antonio Tovar, Manuel Lopez Santamaria
OBJECTIVE: The mesoportal shunt (MPS) and liver transplantation (LT) have changed the scenario of extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) since the MPS, the only "curative" technique, can now be offered in asymptomatic patients and also thrombotic complications of LT have increased the incidence of EHPVO. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients undergoing surgery for EHPVO was conducted between 1990 and 2015. An analysis was done for the shunt permeability and clinical evolution over time...
February 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26155758/industry-speed-bumps-on-local-tobacco-control-in-japan-the-case-of-hyogo
#15
Keiko Yamada, Nagisa Mori, Mina Kashiwabara, Sakiko Yasuda, Rumi Horie, Hiroshi Yamato, Loic Garçon, Francisco Armada
BACKGROUND: Despite being a signatory since 2004, Japan has not yet fully implemented Article 8 of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control regarding 100% protection against exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS). The Japanese government still recognizes designated smoking rooms (DSRs) in public space as a valid control measure. Furthermore, subnational initiatives for tobacco control in Japan are of limited effectiveness. Through an analysis of the Hyogo initiative in 2012, we identified key barriers to the achievement of a smoke-free environment...
2015: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26122013/the-impact-of-migration-on-deaths-and-hospital-admissions-from-work-related-injuries-in-australia
#16
Alison Reid, Susan Peters, Nieves Felipe, Erik Lenguerrand, Seeromanie Harding
OBJECTIVE: The shift from an industrial to a service-based economy has seen a decline in work-related injuries (WRIs) and mortality. How this relates to migrant workers, who traditionally held high-risk jobs is unknown. This study examined deaths and hospital admissions from WRI, among foreign and Australian-born workers. METHODS: Tabulated population data from the 1991 to 2011 censuses, national deaths 1991-2002 and hospital admission for 2001-10. Direct age standardised mortality and hospital admission rates (DSRs) and rate ratios (RRs) were derived to examine differences in work-related mortality/hospital admissions by gender, country of birth, employment skill level and years of residence in Australia...
February 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25955664/space-and-time-clustering-of-adolescents-emergency-department-use-and-post-visit-physician-care-for-mood-disorders-in-alberta-canada-a-population-based-9-year-retrospective-study
#17
Rhonda J Rosychuk, Amanda S Newton, Xiaoqing Niu, Liana Urichuk
OBJECTIVES: We used a statistical cluster detection technique to identify geographic areas with higher numbers of adolescents who 1) presented to an emergency department (ED) for a mood disorder, and 2) were without a physician follow-up visit for mental health within 30 days of an ED visit. METHODS: We conducted a population-based analysis of ED visits (n = 6,829) made by adolescents aged 10-17 years (n = 5,877) using administrative databases from Alberta, Canada (2002-2011)...
January 2015: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25863914/a-case-control-study-of-the-difficulties-in-daily-functioning-experienced-by-children-with-depressive-disorder
#18
Masahide Usami, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Kyota Watanabe, Hirokage Ushijima, Masaki Kodaira, Takashi Okada, Daimei Sasayama, Nobuhiro Sugiyama, Kazuhiko Saito
OBJECTIVE: The parent-assessed children-with-difficulties questionnaire (Questionnaire-Children with Difficulties; QCD) is designed to evaluate a child׳s difficulties in functioning during specific periods of the day. This study aimed to use the QCD to evaluate the difficulties in daily functioning experienced by children with depressive disorders. METHODS: A case-control design was used. The cases comprised 90 junior high school students with depressive disorder, whereas a community sample of 363 junior high school students was enrolled as controls...
July 1, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25449388/the-relationship-between-working-memory-reinvestment-and-heart-rate-variability
#19
Sylvain Laborde, Philip Furley, Caroline Schempp
There is growing evidence illustrating the negative aspects of reinvestment on everyday life, however its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The main aim of this study was to empirically clarify the relationship between reinvestment and working memory (WM). A secondary aim was to investigate the contribution of high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) to WM. Sixty-two participants took part in a within-subject design in which we measured their WM capacity in a low-pressure and a high-pressure condition while their HF-HRV was measured...
February 2015: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25369905/personality-and-risk-for-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#20
S I Iliadis, P Koulouris, M Gingnell, S M Sylvén, I Sundström-Poromaa, L Ekselius, F C Papadopoulos, A Skalkidou
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common childbirth complication, affecting 10-15 % of newly delivered mothers. This study aims to assess the association between personality factors and PPD. All pregnant women during the period September 2009 to September 2010, undergoing a routine ultrasound at Uppsala University Hospital, were invited to participate in the BASIC study, a prospective study designed to investigate maternal well-being. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) while the Depression Self-Rating Scale (DSRS) was used as a diagnostic tool for major depression...
June 2015: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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