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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740782/quality-of-life-problems-and-needs-of-disease-free-breast-cancer-survivors-5-years-after-diagnosis
#1
Martina E Schmidt, Joachim Wiskemann, Karen Steindorf
PURPOSE: After cancer treatment, it is desirable to maintain or regain a high quality of life (QoL) and the ability to accomplish everyday tasks well. Therefore, we substantiated the scarce knowledge regarding long-term QoL after breast cancer, burdensome problems, and unmet needs for more support. METHODS: Disease-free breast cancer survivors (n = 190) who had participated in two randomized controlled exercise trials during primary treatment were followed up to 5 years post-diagnosis...
May 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728591/association-between-amniotic-fluid-evaluation-and-fetal-biometry-a-prospective-french-flash-study
#2
Florent Fuchs, Safa Aouinti, Manel Souaied, Valentin Keller, Marie-Christine Picot, Nicolas Fries, Jean-Marc Ayoubi, Olivier Picone
We aimed to study the association between three different methods of assessing the amount of amniotic fluid (subjective method (SM), deepest vertical pocket (DVP) and amniotic fluid index (AFI)) and estimated fetal weight (EFW) (in percentile or Z-score) after adjustment on maternal-fetal parameters. We performed a nationwide cross-sectional study through the French network of obstetric sonographers using the "flash" study method and including low-risk singleton pregnancies from 18-40 weeks. Crude and adjusted odds ratio were computed after stratification upon 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy...
May 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628545/the-role-of-nonpharmacological-methods-in-attenuation-of-pain-due-to-peripheral-venous-cannulation-a-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Archana Shivashankar, K B Nalini, Prapti Rath
Background: Establishing an intravenous access is indispensable for safe administration of anesthesia. Most of the times, it is executed without any analgesia although the pain associated with this procedure is quite agonizing to the patients. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the role of 3 different nonpharmacological measures such as Valsalva maneuver, flash of light, and distraction method in attenuation of pain during venous cannulation. Design: A clinical randomized controlled study...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619387/a-comparative-study-on-the-effect-of-black-cohosh-and-evening-primrose-oil-on-menopausal-hot-flashes
#4
Maryam Mehrpooya, Soghra Rabiee, Amir Larki-Harchegani, Amir-Mohammad Fallahian, Abbas Moradi, Sara Ataei, Masoumeh Taravati Javad
INTRODUCTION: Hot flashes are considered to be a common experience for menopausal women and they can compromise the quality of life. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of Cimicifuga racemosa in comparison with evening primrose oil (EPO) in postmenopausal women with menopause-related symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed on 80 postmenopausal women with hot flashes. The participants were randomly divided into two groups by blocked randomization...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611084/the-association-between-the-mediterranean-diet-and-magnetic-resonance-parameters-for-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#5
Nicola Veronese, Luciana La Tegola, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi, Domenico Rogoli, Giuseppe Guglielmi
The Mediterranean diet appears to be beneficial for osteoarthritis (OA), but the few data available regarding the association between the diet and the condition are limited to X-ray and clinical findings. The current study aimed to investigate the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and knee cartilage morphology, assessed using magnetic resonance (MRI) in a cohort of North American participants. Seven hundred eighty-three participants in the Osteoarthritis Initiative (59.8% females; mean age 62...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552942/drug-therapy-for-adenomyosis-a-prospective-nonrandomized-parallel-controlled-study
#6
Qing Li, Yan Ding, Xu-Yin Zhang, Wei-Wei Feng, Ke-Qin Hua
Objective To provide novel insights into the clinical treatment of adenomyosis. Methods Two hundred patients with adenomyosis were enrolled in this prospective, nonrandomized, parallel-controlled study with a 1-year follow-up in our hospital. Group 1 was treated with 3.75 mg leuprorelin acetate (LA) (n = 40), Group 2 was treated with 1.88 mg LA (n = 40), Group 3 underwent Mirena implantation (n = 40), Group 4 underwent Mirena implantation after treatment with 3.75 mg LA (n = 40), Group 5 underwent Mirena implantation after treatment with 1...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548551/myocardial-late-gadolinium-enhancement-a-head-to-head-comparison-of-motion-corrected-balanced-steady-state-free-precession-with-segmented-turbo-fast-low-angle-shot
#7
H Fan, S Li, M Lu, G Yin, X Yang, T Lan, L Dai, X Chen, J Li, Y Zhang, A Sirajuddin, P Kellman, A E Arai, S Zhao
AIM: To evaluate the image quality and diagnostic agreement with a head-to-head comparison of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images acquired by the motion-corrected (MOCO) balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) phase sensitivity inversion recovery (PSIR) and conventional segmented fast low angle shot (FLASH) PSIR methods15,16 in a patient cohort with a wide spectrum of cardiovascular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 59 consecutive patients, signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) of the normal myocardium (NM), LGE, and blood pool (BP) were pair-wise compared between the two different sequences...
June 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478786/quantitative-evaluation-of-hepatic-microvascular-perfusion-after-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rabbits-by-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-perfusion-imaging
#8
Fang Xie, Xiang Fei, Ming-Bo Zhang, Yan Zhang, Hong-Wei Wang, Jie Tang, Wen-Bo Tang, Yu-Kun Luo
The aim of this study was to evaluate microvascular perfusion after liver ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rabbits using the "flash-replenishment" method of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) perfusion imaging. Twenty-eight rabbits underwent either 30, 60 or 90 min of ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion. CEUS perfusion imaging was performed using the "flash-replenishment" model, and hepatic microvascular perfusion parameters, including peak intensity (PI), area under the curve (AUC), and hepatic artery-to-vein transit time (HA-HVTT), were calculated...
May 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478329/single-tablet-hiv-regimens-facilitate-virologic-suppression-and-retention-in-care-among-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-patients
#9
Vagish Hemmige, Charlene A Flash, Josephinel Carter, Thomas P Giordano, Teddy Zerai
Newer HIV regimens are typically taken once daily but vary in the number of pills required. Whether the number of pills in a once-daily HIV regimen affects clinical outcomes is unknown. We retrospectively compared adherence, retention in care, and virologic outcomes between patients starting a once daily single-tablet regimen (STR) to patients starting a once-daily multi-tablet regimen (MTR) in a publicly funded clinic in the United States. Outcomes were measured in the year after starting ART and included retention in care, virologic suppression, and medication possession ratio of at least 80%...
February 25, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475151/ct-angiography-of-the-aorta-in-patients-with-marfan-disease-high-pitch-mdct-at-different-levels-of-tube-voltage-combined-with-sinogram-affirmed-iterative-reconstruction
#10
P Freyhardt, N Solowjowa, G Böning, J Kahn, B Aufmesser, P Haage, F Streitparth
OBJECTIVES: Aim of the study was the comparison of high-pitch dual-source CTA of the aorta acquired with different tube currents and methods of image reconstruction in patients with Marfan Disease (MFS). BACKGROUND: Patients with MFS receive repeatedly CT examinations of the entire aorta what leads to high cumulative lifetime radiation doses. Routine clinical use of low-kV-protocols in combination with iterative reconstruction for imaging of the aorta is still limited although this approach may be of great benefit for patients in need of serial follow-up scans...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458430/comparison-of-fast-multi-slice-and-standard-segmented-techniques-for-detection-of-late-gadolinium-enhancement-in-ischemic-and-non-ischemic-cardiomyopathy-a-prospective-clinical-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-trial
#11
Fabian Muehlberg, Kristin Arnhold, Simone Fritschi, Stephanie Funk, Marcel Prothmann, Josephine Kermer, Leonora Zange, Florian von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff, Jeanette Schulz-Menger
BACKGROUND: Segmented phase-sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) sequences are reference standard for non-invasive evaluation of myocardial fibrosis using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Several multi-slice LGE sequences have been introduced for faster acquisition in patients with arrhythmia and insufficient breathhold capability. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of several multi-slice LGE sequences to detect and quantify myocardial fibrosis in patients with ischemic and non-ischemic myocardial disease...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381662/association-between-hiv-status-and-psychological-symptoms-in-perimenopausal-women
#12
Sara E Looby, Christina Psaros, Greer Raggio, Corinne Rivard, Laura Smeaton, Jan Shifren, Steven Grinspoon, Hadine Joffe
OBJECTIVE: HIV-infected women are burdened by depression and anxiety, which may impact adherence to antiretroviral therapy and overall quality of life. Yet, little is known about the scope of psychological symptoms in the growing number of HIV-infected women reaching menopause, when affective symptoms are more prevalent in the general population. We conducted a longitudinal study to compare affective symptoms between perimenopausal HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected women. METHODS: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) were completed at baseline and 12 months among 33 HIV-infected and 33 non-HIV-infected perimenopausal women matched by race, age, menstrual patterns, and BMI...
January 29, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381660/prevalence-of-hormone-therapy-factors-associated-with-its-use-and-knowledge-about-menopause-a-population-based-household-survey
#13
Poliana Pacello, Luiz F Baccaro, Adriana O Pedro, Lucia Costa-Paiva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of hormone therapy (HT), the factors associated with its use, and the importance of knowledge about menopause and HT. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study with 749 Brazilian women aged 45 to 60 years living in the Campinas Metropolitan Region was carried out between September 2012 and June 2013. The dependent variable was current or previous HT use. The independent variables were sociodemographic data, health-related problems, and knowledge about menopause assessed using a score that was obtained with a questionnaire on various aspects of menopause...
January 29, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373601/transcriptional-changes-detected-in-fecal-rna-of-neonatal-dairy-calves-undergoing-a-mild-diarrhea-are-associated-with-inflammatory-biomarkers
#14
Fernanda Rosa, Sebastiano Busato, Fatima C Avaroma, Kali Linville, Erminio Trevisi, Johan S Osorio, Massimo Bionaz
After birth, a newborn calf has to adapt to an extrauterine life characterized by several physiological changes. In particular, maturation of the gastrointestinal tract in a new environment loaded with potential pathogens, which can predispose neonatal calves to develop diarrhea, and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality during the first 4 wks of life. We aimed to investigate the inflammatory adaptations at a transcriptomic level in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to a mild diarrhea in neonatal dairy calves using RNA isolated from fresh fecal samples...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354617/depression-and-quality-of-life-among-postmenopausal-women-in-bangladesh-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Mamun Ibn Bashar, Kawsar Ahmed, Muhammad Shahin Uddin, Farzana Ahmed, Abdullah-Al Emran, Aditi Chakraborty
Objectives: The aims of the research are to examine the problems of abnormal menopausal women: the relationship between depression and menopausal-specific quality of life (MENQOL)-symptoms among postmenopausal women; the association of MENQOL-symptoms between pre- and postmenopausal female society in Bangladeshi real community. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 435 women of Tangail, aged (≥ 17) years, using a structured questionnaire where is inaacluded the information of MENQOL and one of the main outcomes "depression" is measured by beck depression inventory...
December 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334798/vulvar-vestibular-effects-of-ospemifene-a-pilot-study
#16
Filippo Murina, Stefania Di Francesco, Silvia Oneda
The study aimed to assess the effects of ospemifene on vulvar vestibule in postmenopausal women with vulvar pain and dyspareunia. Fifty-five postmenopausal women used oral ospemifene 60 mg/d for 60 d. Symptoms of dryness, burning, and dyspareunia were evaluated on a 10 cm visual analog scale. Visual examination of the vulvar vestibule was also conducted. Patients also underwent current perception threshold (CPT) testing obtained from the vulvar vestibule. Fifty-five patients (94.6%) completed the treatment...
January 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332222/efficacy-of-crocus-sativus-saffron-in-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-associated-with-post-menopausal-hot-flashes-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Ladan Kashani, Sophia Esalatmanesh, Farzaneh Eftekhari, Samrand Salimi, Tahereh Foroughifar, Farnaz Etesam, Hamideh Safiaghdam, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Shahin Akhondzadeh
PURPOSE: Due to concerns regarding the side effects of hormone therapy, many studies have focused on the development of non-hormonal agents for treatment of hot flashes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of saffron (stigma of Crocus sativus) in treatment of major depressive disorder associated with post-menopausal hot flashes. METHODS: Sixty women with post-menopausal hot flashes participated in this study. The patients randomly received either saffron (30 mg/day, 15 mg twice per day) or placebo for 6 weeks...
March 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290208/quality-of-life-among-postmenopausal-women-enrolled-in-the-minnesota-green-tea-trial
#18
Allison Dostal Webster, Deborah A Finstad, Mindy S Kurzer, Carolyn J Torkelson
BACKGROUND: Postmenopausal symptomatology has not been elucidated in large, long-term human clinical trials. Our objective was to measure quality of life in postmenopausal women aged 50-70 years. METHODS: A Menopause-Specific Quality of Life-Intervention (MENQOL) questionnaire was completed by women enrolled in the Minnesota Green Tea Trial (n=932) to assess vasomotor, physical, sexual, and psychosocial symptoms in the years following menopause. Responses were coded; mean overall and domain scores ranged from 1 to 8...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273859/the-effect-of-novel-glucose-monitoring-system-flash-glucose-monitoring-on-mental-well-being-and-treatment-satisfaction-in-japanese-people-with-diabetes
#19
Sumie Mitsuishi, Rimei Nishimura, Shin-Ichi Harashima, Tomoyuki Kawamura, Daisuke Tsujino, Keiko Koide, Akiko Nishimura, Kazunori Utsunomiya, Nobuya Inagaki, Yoshihito Atsumi
INTRODUCTION: FreeStyle Libre (Abbot Diabetes Care Ltd) has been launched as a novel glucose monitoring system called flash glucose monitoring (FGM) in Europe. Several reports are becoming available on its usefulness and safety. To date, however, reports from Asian countries have not been made available. In this study, we evaluated its usefulness in Japanese people with diabetes in terms of its mental well-being and patient satisfaction outcomes. METHODS: Individuals with type 1 and 2 diabetes treated with insulin were enrolled, and they performed self-monitoring of blood glucose...
January 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239633/spatial-but-not-temporal-numerosity-thresholds-correlate-with-formal-math-skills-in-children
#20
Giovanni Anobile, Roberto Arrighi, Elisa Castaldi, Eleonora Grassi, Lara Pedonese, Paula A M Moscoso, David C Burr
Humans and other animals are able to make rough estimations of quantities using what has been termed the approximate number system (ANS). Much evidence suggests that sensitivity to numerosity correlates with symbolic math capacity, leading to the suggestion that the ANS may serve as a start-up tool to develop symbolic math. Many experiments have demonstrated that numerosity perception transcends the sensory modality of stimuli and their presentation format (sequential or simultaneous), but it remains an open question whether the relationship between numerosity and math generalizes over stimulus format and modality...
March 2018: Developmental Psychology
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