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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679821/advanced-treatment-of-gamma-irradiation-induced-livestock-manure-using-bioelectrochemical-ion-exchange-reactor
#1
Seung Joo Lim, Tak-Hyun Kim
Organic matter and nitrogen in livestock manure was pre-treated by gamma irradiation. The optimal dose ranged 30-50 kGy for solubilization of organic matter and nitrogen. Carbohydrates and proteins increased with the applied dose. Lipids did not show a regular increase pattern. A large amount of organic nitrogen in livestock manure was solubilized after gamma irradiation. The pre-treated livestock manure was treated using a bioelectrochemical ion-exchange reactor. High removal of organic matter and nitrogen was achieved with the applied dose of 50 kGy...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679660/effects-of-aerobic-training-resistance-training-or-both-on-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-adolescents-with-obesity-the-hearty-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Gary S Goldfield, Glen P Kenny, Denis Prud'Homme, Martin Holcik, Angela S Alberga, Margaret Fahnestock, Jameason D Cameron, Steve Doucette, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Heather Tulloch, Mark S Tremblay, Jeremy Walsh, Eva Guerin, Katie E Gunnell, Amedeo D'Angiulli, Ronald J Sigal
Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a protein that plays a critical role in modulating cognition in animals and humans. Aerobic exercise often increases BDNF in adults, but effects of this exercise modality and others among adolescents remain uncertain. This study examined the effects of aerobic training, resistance training, and combined training on resting serum BDNF levels in adolescents with overweight and obesity. After a 4-week pre-randomization treatment, 304 post-pubertal, adolescents with overweight or obesity (70% females) aged 14-18 years were randomized to one of four groups for 22 weeks: aerobic training (N = 75), resistance training (N = 78), combined aerobic and resistance training (N = 75), or non-exercising control (N = 76)...
April 18, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679452/multidimensional-patient-impression-of-change-following-interdisciplinary-pain-management
#3
Christine M Gagnon, Paul Scholten, James Atchison
OBJECTIVES: To assess patient impression of change following interdisciplinary pain management utilizing a newly developed Multidimensional Patient Impression of Change (MPIC) questionnaire. METHODS: A heterogeneous group of chronic pain patients (N = 601) participated in an interdisciplinary treatment program. Programs included individual and group therapies (pain psychology, physical therapy, occupational therapy, relaxation training/biofeedback, aerobic conditioning, patient education and medical management)...
April 20, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679163/paenibacillus-panacihumi-sp-nov-a-potential-plant-growth-promoting-bacterium-isolated-from-ginseng-cultivated-soil
#4
Chun-Gon Kim, Jong-Pyo Kang, Yue Huo, Mohan Chokkalingam, Yeon-Ju Kim, Dong-Hyun Kim, Deok-Chun Yang
A novel bacterium, designated DCY114T , was isolated from ginseng-cultivated soil in Gochang-gun, Republic of Korea. This isolate was assigned to the genus Paenibacillus and is closely related to Paenibacillus amylolyticus NRRL NRS-290T (98.3%), P. dongdonensis KUDC0114T (98.0%), P. tylopili MK2T (97.9%), P. tundrae A10bT (97.8%), and P. xylanexedens B22aT (97.5%) based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Strain DCY114T is a Gram-reaction positive, catalase and oxidase positive, facultatively aerobic rod that is motile by peritrichous flagella...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678994/can-exercise-delay-transition-to-active-therapy-in-men-with-low-grade-prostate-cancer-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Daniel A Galvão, Dickon Hayne, Mark Frydenberg, Suzanne K Chambers, Dennis R Taaffe, Nigel Spry, Paul A Scuffham, Robert S Ware, Nicolas H Hart, Robert U Newton
INTRODUCTION: Active surveillance is a strategy for managing low-risk, localised prostate cancer, where men are observed with serial prostate-specific antigen assessments to identify signs of disease progression. Currently, there are no strategies to support active surveillance compliance nor are there interventions that can prevent or slow disease progression, ultimately delaying transition to active treatment before it is clinically required. Recently, we proposed that exercise may have a therapeutic potential in delaying the need for active treatment in men on active surveillance...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678892/reply-to-the-comments-on-concurrent-aerobic-plus-resistance-exercise-versus-aerobic-exercise-alone-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-paediatric-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Mark D Peterson, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678889/stress-control-for-a-well-structured-life
#7
David C Goldstone, Edward N Baker
Aerobic life brings with it a need to respond to external redox stress in ways that preserve key processes. <u>S</u>uppressor of <u>c</u>opper <u>s</u>ensitivity (Scs) proteins contribute to this response in some bacteria, but have poorly defined molecular functions. Furlong et al. now demonstrate that two Scs proteins from Proteus mirabilis provide a redox relay functionally equivalent to, but structurally distinct from, the Dsb proteins that orchestrate disulfide bonding in Escherichia coli , emphasizing the wide prevalence of this mechanism in bacteria...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678731/age-related-rise-in-lactate-and-its-correlation-with-lactate-dehydrogenase-ldh-status-in-post-mitochondrial-fractions-isolated-from-different-regions-of-brain-in-mice
#8
Siddhartha Datta, Nilkanta Chakrabarti
Rise in brain lactate is the hallmark of ageing. Separate studies report that ageing is associated with elevation of lactate level and alterations of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)-A/B mRNA-expression-ratio in cerebral cortex and hippocampus. However, age related lactate rise in brain and its association with LDH status and their brain regional variations are still elusive. In the present study, level of lactate, LDH (A and B) activity and LDH-A expression were evaluated in post-mitochondrial fraction of tissues isolated from four different brain regions (cerebral cortex, hippocampus, substantia nigra and cerebellum) of young and aged mice...
April 17, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678579/cbx3-promotes-proliferation-and-regulates-glycolysis-via-suppressing-fbp1-in-pancreatic-cancer
#9
Lian-Yu Chen, Chien-Shan Cheng, Chao Qu, Peng Wang, Hao Chen, Zhi-Qiang Meng, Zhen Chen
More and more evidence has demonstrated that Chromobox protein homolog 3(CBX3) has an important role in carcinogenesis by regulating several mechanisms, such as heterochromatin formation, gene silencing, DNA replication and repair. However, its role in pancreatic cancer has seldom been discussed. In the present study, we silenced CBX3 expression in pancreatic cancer cell lines and identified the positive roles of CBX3 in cancer cell proliferation. Furthermore, we demonstrated that silencing CBX3 in pancreatic cancer cells inhibited aerobic glycolysis, the basis for providing cancer cells with building blocks for macromolecule synthesis and ATP that required...
April 17, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677660/variation-in-bacterial-community-structure-of-aerobic-granular-and-suspended-activated-sludge-in-the-presence-of-the-antibiotic-sulfamethoxazole
#10
Abbass Jafari Kang, Alistair K Brown, Charles S Wong, Zhiyong Huang, Qiuyan Yuan
The treatment performance and bacterial community structure of conventional activated sludge and aerobic granules exposed to antibiotic sulfamethoxazole (SMX) was studied. For three months, two sets of sequencing batch reactors inoculated with conventional and granular biomass were fed with a synthetic municipal wastewater containing 2 μg/L SMX. The presence of SMX had no significant impacts on treatment performance of the reactors as well as stability of the granules. Results confirmed different bacterial community structure of flocs and granules...
April 13, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677655/stimulation-of-methane-yield-rate-from-food-waste-by-aerobic-pre-treatment
#11
Chuanfu Wu, Miao Yu, Qiqi Huang, Hongzhi Ma, Ming Gao, Qunhui Wang, Kenji Sakai
Aerobic pre-treatment (AP) was applied to enhance methane yield from food waste through anaerobic digestion. Different AP durations (i.e. 2, 5 and 8 days) prior to anaerobic digestion were tested. The results indicated that AP of food waste led to no significant differences (p > 0.05) in methane yield potential (ca. 418 mL/g-VS). However, a suitable AP duration (5 days) increased methane yield rates (ca. 18 mL/d/g-VS; 22.0% higher than the control) by anticipating methane generation and shortening the methanogenic phase via volatile fatty acid reduction and pH increase...
April 9, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677650/pollutants-degradation-performance-and-microbial-community-structure-of-aerobic-granular-sludge-systems-using-inoculums-adapted-at-mild-and-low-temperature
#12
Barbara Muñoz-Palazon, Chiara Pesciaroli, Alejandro Rodriguez-Sanchez, Jesús Gonzalez-Lopez, Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez
Three aerobic granular sequencing batch reactors were inoculated using different inocula from Finland, Spain and a mix of both in order to investigate the effect over the degradation performance and the microbial community structure. The Finnish inoculum achieved a faster granulation and a higher depollution performance within the first two month of operation. However, after 90 days of operation, similar physico-chemical values were observed. On the other hand, the Real-time PCR showed that Archaea diminished from inoculum to granular biomass, while Bacteria and Fungi numbers remained stable...
April 13, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677565/comparison-of-three-modes-of-aerobic-exercise-combined-with-resistance-training-on-the-pain-and-function-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Sanaz Kabiri, Farzin Halabchi, Hooman Angoorani, Saeed Yekaninejad
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of three modes of aerobic exercise (lower limbs with and without weight bearing and upper limb) for knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Sports medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-eight patients with knee osteoarthritis were divided into 3 groups of resistance training combined with one of three programs of treadmill, cycle ergometer, or arm ergometer aerobic training...
April 7, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677194/combined-intervention-of-swimming-plus-metformin-ameliorates-the-insulin-resistance-and-impaired-lipid-metabolism-in-murine-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Liping Huang, Pingping Yue, Xuefei Wu, Ting Yu, Yang Wang, Ji Zhou, Derun Kong, Keyang Chen
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has short- and long- term influence on pregnant women and fetus. Swimming, as an aerobic exercise, can effectively improve the blood glucose level in GDM, but the effect of mild swimming alone was not very substantial. Metformin, as an oral antidiabetic drug, has obvious hypoglycemic effect, and is economic also, but the long-term effect on pregnant women and fetus has not been completely clear. We hypothesize that combined intervention of mild swimming and low dose of metformin, may effectively reduce blood glucose, improve the pregnancy outcomes in GDM dams, but simultaneously avoiding the adverse effects caused by overdose of drug and impotence of mild swimming...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677054/effects-of-acute-aerobic-exercise-on-arterial-stiffness-and-cerebrovascular-pulsatility-in-adults-with-and-without-hypertension
#15
Wesley K Lefferts, Jacob P DeBlois, Candace N Receno, Tiago V Barreira, Tom D Brutsaert, Robert L Carhart, Kevin S Heffernan
OBJECTIVES: Stiffer central arteries, as seen in hypertension (HTN), foster transmission of pulsatile hemodynamics into fragile cerebral vessels. Aerobic exercise is recommended for adults with HTN, but its effects on arterial stiffness and pulsatility in this group are unclear. This study sought to investigate the effect of acute aerobic exercise on arterial stiffness and cerebrovascular pulsatility in 30 adults with treated HTN and 30 age, sex, and BMI-matched adults without HTN (56 ± 6 years, BMI 28...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676747/membrane-integrated-process-for-advanced-treatment-of-high-strength-opium-alkaloid-wastewaters
#16
Güçlü Insel, Ahmet Karagunduz, Murat Aksel, Emine Cokgor, Gokce Kor-Bicakci, Goksin Ozyildiz, Ismail Toroz, Bulent Keskinler
In this study, an integrated aerobic membrane bioreactor (MBR)-nanofiltration (NF) system has been applied for advanced treatment of Opium processing wastewaters to comply with strict discharge limits. Aerobic MBR treatment was successfully applied to high strength industrial wastewater. In aerobic MBR treatment, a non-fouling unique slot aeration system was designed using computational fluid dynamics techniques. The MBR was used to separate treated effluent from dispersed and non-settleable biomass. Respirometric modeling using MBR sludge indicated that the biomass exhibited similar kinetic parameters to that of municipal activated sludge systems...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676726/rhodohalobacter-barkolensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-saline-lake-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-rhodohalobacter
#17
Shuai-Bo Han, Yang-Huan Yu, Zhao Ju, Yu Li, Ran Zhang, Xin-Jun Hou, Xin-Yuan Ma, Xiao-Yun Yu, Cong Sun, Min Wu
A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, designated 15182T , was isolated from a saline lake in China. The novel strain 15182T was able to grow at 10-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 7.0-8.0 (optimum, 7.5) and with 0.5-4 % NaCl (optimum, 2-3 %, w/v). The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain 15182T was most closely related to the genus Rhodohalobacter by sharing the highest sequence similarity of 97.0 % with Rhodohalobacter halophilus JZ3C29T ...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676723/paraburkholderia-caseinilytica-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-pine-and-broad-leaf-mixed-forest-soil
#18
Zeng-Hong Gao, Shu-Fen Zhong, Zu-Er Lu, Sen-Yang Xiao, Li-Hong Qiu
A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated HM451T , was isolated from forest soil sampled at the Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, PR China (112° 31' E 23° 10' N). It grew optimally at 28 °C, pH 5.0-6.0 and in the presence of 0-2.5 % (w/v) NaCl on R2A medium. Strain HM451T was closely related to Paraburkholderia mimosarum NBRC 106338T (98.6 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Paraburkholderia heleia NBRC 101817T (98...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676722/siphonobacter-curvatus-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-freshwater-river
#19
Yunho Lee, Che Ok Jeon
A novel orange-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative and strictly aerobic bacterium, designated strain HR-UT , was isolated from a water sample of the Han River located in the Republic of Korea. Cells were catalase-positive and oxidase-positive, and non-motile curved rods without flagella. The strain grew at 5-35 °C (optimum 25 °C), pH 6-10 (optimum of 7-8) and 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain HR-UT formed a tight phylogenic lineage with Siphonobacter aquaeclarae DSM 21668T and 'Siphonobacter intestinalis' 63MJ-2...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676721/flavobacterium-alvei-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-freshwater-river
#20
Yunho Lee, Che Ok Jeon
A yellow-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, catalase-negative and oxidase-positive bacterium, designated strain HR-AYT , was isolated from a water sample of the Han River. Cells were non-motile rods without flagella. Growth was observed at 5-30 °C (optimum, 20 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum, pH 7) and 0 % NaCl. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. Strain HR-AYT did not produce flexirubin-type pigments. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 0...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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