keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Radiation oncology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150313/safety-practices-perceptions-and-behaviors-in-radiation-oncology-a-national-survey-of-radiation-therapists
#1
Kristina Demas Woodhouse, David Hashemi, Kathryn Betcher, Abigail Doucette, Allison Weaver, Brian Monzon, Seth A Rosenthal, Neha Vapiwala
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy is complex and demands high vigilance and precise coordination. Radiation therapists (RTTs) directly deliver radiation and are often the first to discover an error. Yet, few studies have examined the practices of RTTs regarding patient safety. We conducted a national survey to explore the perspectives of RTTs related to quality and safety. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In 2016, an electronic survey was sent to a random sample of 1500 RTTs in the United States...
June 15, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150160/medical-physics-in-radiation-oncology-new-challenges-needs-and-roles
#2
EDITORIAL
Dietmar Georg, David Thwaites
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147841/radiotherapy-for-extramedullary-leukaemic-manifestation-chloroma
#3
Michael Oertel, Khaled Elsayad, Uwe Haverkamp, Matthias Stelljes, Hans Theodor Eich
PURPOSE: Extramedullary leukaemic disease (EMD, synonym chloroma) is a rare solid manifestation of myeloid leukaemia for which the value of radiotherapy (RT) as a treatment strategy remains controversial. The aim of this study is to analyse the effectiveness of various RT doses for EMD in the modern treatment era. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and June 2016, 20 patients with total of 45 lesions underwent RT for EMD at our institution. RESULTS: With a median radiation dose of 26 Gy (range 4-42 Gy), local remission could be achieved in 91% of patients (complete remission rate: 71%)...
November 16, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146179/soft-palate-reconstruction-after-radionecrosis-combined-anterolateral-thigh-adipofascial-and-nasoseptal-flaps
#4
Joseph Zenga, Jeffrey D Sharon, Jennifer Gross, Jay Gantz, Patrik Pipkorn
Although radiation-based treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer may achieve excellent long term oncologic results, late effects of therapy may lead to soft tissue radionecrosis and velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). Repair of these oro- and nasopharyngeal defects presents a complex reconstructive challenge. We present a case of a long-term survivor treated with chemoradiotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer who developed progressive dysphagia, velopharyngeal insufficiency, and radionecrosis of the nasopharynx and soft palate, leading to tracheostomy and gastrostomy tube dependence...
November 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145591/asia-consensus-statement-on-nccn-clinical-practice-guideline-for-bladder-cancer
#5
Hiroyuki Nishiyama
The Asia Consensus Statement (ACS) on the NCCN Guideline (NCCN-ACS) for treatment of bladder cancer version 1.2016 is designed to provide documentation of modifications of the 'parent' NCCN Guideline: Bladder Cancer (Version 2.2015). When considering ethnic differences or differences in health regulatory environments between Western and Asian countries, a process of adaptation to match the circumstances is helpful for utilizing the guidelines. The NCCN-ACS for bladder cancer consist of 11 ACSs, focused on diagnosis, imaging, surgical treatment, adjuvant intravesical chemotherapy or immunotherapy, periopererative (neodjuvant or adjuvant) chemotherapy and radiation oncology including bladder preservation...
November 14, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145553/tumour-boards-in-geriatric-oncology
#6
Tanya Marya Wildes, Anita O'Donovan, Giuseppe Ferdinando Colloca, Kwok-Leung Cheung
Multidisciplinary tumour board is an integral part of cancer treatment planning. Although no definite survival benefits have yet been shown by mostly observational studies, other benefits of multidisciplinary tumour board have been identified. Traditionally the multidisciplinary tumour board involves participation of treating clinicians-medical, radiation and surgical oncologists. They tend to focus on the cancer alone. There is an increasing awareness that the treatment goal for cancer in older adults is not primarily on prolonging survival, with functional preservation and quality of life being particularly important for this population...
November 14, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144813/diagnosing-and-monitoring-endocrine-dysfunction-diabetes-and-obesity-in-a-cohort-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#7
Victoria Rollins Hudspeth, Stuart Harrison Gold, David Robert Clemmons
OBJECTIVE: 5-year survival for childhood cancer has increased to 80%, resulting in a growing population of adult survivors of childhood cancer (ASOCC). Long-term endocrine dysfunction is as high as 63% when screened in research protocols. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of endocrine testing, endocrine dysfunction, diabetes, obesity, and endocrinologist visits outside of a research screening protocol. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for 176 ASOCC who were diagnosed with cancer before age 18, followed at least 10 years, were now at least 18, and had survived to the time of chart review...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143875/the-role-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-and-pet-mri-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#8
Randy Yeh, Laurent Dercle, Ishan Garg, Zhen Jane Wang, David M Hough, Ajit H Goenka
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a difficult disease to treat and continues to portend a poor prognosis, as most patients are unresectable at diagnosis. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) combined with CT (PET/CT) has been a cornerstone in oncological imaging of different cancers; however, the role of PET/CT in PDAC is continually evolving and currently not well established. Studies have shown the potential of PET/CT in guiding the management of patients with PDAC, with possible added benefit over anatomic imaging with CT or MRI in certain scenarios...
November 16, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139613/nipple-sparing-mastectomy-as-treatment-for-patients-with-ductal-carcinoma-in%C3%A2-situ-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#9
Víctor Lago, Vincenzo Maisto, Julia Gimenez-Climent, Jose Vila, Carlos Vazquez, Rafael Estevan
The objective was to determine the 10-year oncological safety of nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) in patients diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). The use of NSM preserves the nipple-areola complex (NAC). As residual fibroglandular breast tissue can remain behind the spared NAC, its use for patient with breast cancer is controversial. The oncologic outcomes and complication rates after performing NSM compared to other techniques are still under debate and a concern when treating patients with breast cancer...
November 15, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139040/recommendations-for-the-follow-up-care-of-female-breast-cancer-survivors-a-guideline-of-the-spanish-society-of-medical-oncology-seom-spanish-society-of-general-medicine-semergen-spanish-society-for-family-and-community-medicine-semfyc-spanish-society-for-general
#10
A Barnadas, M Algara, O Cordoba, A Casas, M Gonzalez, M Marzo, A Montero, M Muñoz, A Ruiz, F Santolaya, T Fernandez
The increased incidence and decreased mortality of breast cancer have produced an increased number of breast cancer survivors. The type of sequelae and comorbidities that these patients present call for a collaborative follow-up by hospital-based specialized care and primary care. In this document, we present a guideline drafted and agreed among scientific societies whose members care for breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this guideline is to achieve the shared and coordinated follow-up of these patients by specialized care and primary care professionals...
November 14, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135537/status-and-perception-of-risk-management-in-radiation-therapy-survey-among-korean-medical-physicists
#11
Sohyun Ahn, Dong Oh Shin, Sang Hyoun Choi, Jihye Koo, Soon Sung Lee, Dong-Wook Park, Yoon-Jin Oh, Sohyun Park, Dong Wook Kim
This study was conducted as part of an endeavor to improve the risk management system of radiation therapy departments in the Republic of Korea. An online survey on the status and perception of Korea's medical physicists on risk management in radiation therapy was carried out. A total of 40 domestic radiation oncology departments participated. This survey is divided into three categories: (1) work environment; (2) risk management status; and (3) opinions on how to improve risk management. Based on the results of the survey, the conclusions that can be derived are (1) the majority of respondents have a high interest in the risk management of radiation therapy; (2) the lack of staffing is one cause of risk management difficulties; (3) a risk-related terminology and classification system at the national or professional association level are required; (4) each hospital should create a voluntary reporting system for the handling of incidents; (5) medical physicists should establish incident reporting, analysis and countermeasures; and (6) government should develop education and training programs...
November 10, 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134728/recent-advances-in-veterinary-radiation-oncology
#12
EDITORIAL
Michael S Kent, Michelle M Turek, John Farrelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132772/-primary-management-of-endometrial-carcinoma-joint-recommendations-of-the-french-society-of-gynecologic-oncology-sfog-and-of-the-french-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-cngof
#13
D Querleu, E Darai, F Lecuru, A Rafii, E Chereau, P Collinet, P Crochet, H Marret, E Mery, L Thomas, V Villefranque, A Floquet, F Planchamp
OBJECTIVES: The management of endometrial carcinoma is constantly evolving. The SFOG and the CNGOF decided to jointly update the previous French recommendations (Institut national du cancer 2011) and to adapt to the French practice the 2015 recommendations elaborated at the time of joint European consensus conference with the participation of the three concerned European societies (ESGO, ESTRO, ESMO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A strict methodology was used. A steering committee was put together...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126815/analysis-of-suicide-risk-in-patients-with-penile-cancer-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
William G Simpson, Zachary Klaassen, Rita P Jen, William M Hughes, Durwood E Neal, Martha K Terris
The treatment for penile cancer has been shown to cause harmful psychiatric symptoms as well as have detrimental effects on well-being. In the past several years, alternatives to total or partial penectomy have emerged, such as chemotherapy, radiation, penile sparing, and laser ablation therapies. A more specific breakdown for penile cancer is in order as the therapy has the potential for life changing surgery. We examined the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2013), comprising 28% of the United States population...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126489/dental-treatment-planning-for-the-patient-with-oral-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Lauren E Levi, Rajesh V Lalla
Oral cancer therapy is associated with a multitude of head and neck sequelae that includes, but is not limited to, hyposalivation, increased risk for dental caries, osteoradionecrosis of the jaw, radiation fibrosis syndrome, mucositis, chemotherapy-induced neuropathy, dysgeusia, dysphagia, mucosal lesions, trismus, and infections. Preparing a comprehensive treatment plan for patients undergoing cancer therapy is essential to help minimize their risks for developing these oral and dental complications. In addition, dentists must take into account a patient's ongoing oncologic therapy for those patients who present to the dentist while concurrently receiving cancer treatment...
January 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126306/the-future-of-radiobiology
#16
David G Kirsch, Max Diehn, Aparna H Kesarwala, Amit Maity, Meredith A Morgan, Julie K Schwarz, Robert Bristow, Sandra Demaria, Iris Eke, Robert J Griffin, Daphne Haas-Kogan, Geoff S Higgins, Alec C Kimmelman, Randall J Kimple, Isabelle M Lombaert, Li Ma, Brian Marples, Frank Pajonk, Catherine C Park, Dörthe Schaue, Eric J Bernhard
Innovation and progress in radiation oncology depend on discovery and insights realized through research in radiation biology. Radiobiology research has led to fundamental scientific insights, from the discovery of stem/progenitor cells to the definition of signal transduction pathways activated by ionizing radiation that are now recognized as integral to the DNA damage response (DDR). Radiobiological discoveries are guiding clinical trials that test radiation therapy combined with inhibitors of the DDR kinases DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM), ataxia telangiectasia related (ATR), and immune or cell cycle checkpoint inhibitors...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126203/a-randomized-phase-ii-study-of-everolimus-in-combination-with-chemoradiation-in-newly-diagnosed-glioblastoma-results-of-nrg-oncology-rtog-0913
#17
Prakash Chinnaiyan, Minhee Won, Patrick Y Wen, Amyn M Rojiani, Maria Werner-Wasik, Helen A Shih, Lynn S Ashby, Hsiang-Hsuan Michael Yu, Volker W Stieber, Shawn C Malone, John B Fiveash, Nimish A Mohile, Manmeet S Ahluwalia, Merideth M Wendland, Philip J Stella, Andrew Y Kee, Minesh P Mehta
Background: This Phase II study was designed to determine the efficacy of the mTOR inhibitor everolimus administered daily with conventional radiation therapy and chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Methods: Patients were randomized to radiation therapy with concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide with or without daily everolimus (10 mg). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) and the secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and treatment-related toxicities...
November 6, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123013/-68-ga-psma-pet-ct-mapping-of-prostate-cancer-biochemical-recurrence-following-radical-prostatectomy-in-270-patients-with-psa-1-0ng-ml-impact-on-salvage-radiotherapy-planning
#18
Jérémie Calais, Johannes Czernin, Minsong Cao, Amar U Kishan, John V Hegde, Narek Shaverdian, Kiri A Sandler, Fang-I Chu, Chris R King, Michael L Steinberg, Isabel Rausher, Nina-Sophie Schmidt-Hegemann, Thorsten Poeppel, Philipp Hetkamp, Francesco Ceci, Ken Herrmann, Wolfgang P Fendler, Matthias Eiber, Nicholas G Nickols
Background: Target volume delineations for prostate cancer (PCa) salvage radiotherapy (SRT) after radical prostatectomy are usually drawn in the absence of visibly recurrent disease. Gallium-68 Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography ((68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT) detects recurrent PCa with sensitivity superior to standard of care imaging at serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) values low enough to impact target volume delineations for routine SRT. OBJECTIVE: To i) map the recurrence pattern of PCa early biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy with (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT in patients with serum PSA levels <1 ng/ml, ii) determine how often consensus clinical target volumes (CTV) based on the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) guidelines cover (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT-defined disease, and iii) assess the potential impact of (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT on SRT...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120832/cost-benefit-analysis-of-establishing-and-operating-radiation-oncology-services-in-fiji
#19
Eunkyoung Kim, Yoon-Min Cho, Soonman Kwon, Kunhee Park
BACKGROUND: Rising demand for services of cancer patients has been recognised by the Government of Fiji as a national health priority. Increasing attention has been paid to the lack of service of radiation therapy or radiotherapy in Fiji. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate and compare the costs and benefits of introducing radiation oncology services in Fiji from the societal perspective. METHODS: Time horizon for cost-benefit analysis (CBA) was 15 years from 2021 to 2035...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119018/metastasectomy-in-pediatric-patients-indications-technical-tips-and-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Paolo Scanagatta, Lara Girelli
Pulmonary metastasectomy has become a standard procedure for pediatric patients with certain types of solid tumors. Surgeons, expert pediatric oncologists and radiation oncologists contribute with their different skills to the management of pulmonary metastases. Patients are usually scheduled for surgery in case of primary tumor control, in absence of metastases in other organs and when a complete resection is achievable. Nodules are removed through precision resections using electrocautery or laser methods in order to ensure radical surgery with adequate margins...
October 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
keyword
keyword
1208
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"