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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790253/robotic-left-colectomy-with-complete-mesocolectomy-for-splenic-flexure-and-descending-colon-cancer-compared-with-a-laparoscopic-procedure
#1
Jin Cheon Kim, Jong Lyul Lee, Yong Sik Yoon, Chan Wook Kim, In Ja Park, Seok-Byeong Lim
BACKGROUND: Its relatively low incidence and its surgical complexity mean that a standardized technique for left colectomy has not yet been established for splenic flexure and descending colon cancer (SF-DCC). METHODS: Seventy-three patients (robot-assisted left colectomy with complete mesocolectomy [R-LCCM], n = 20; laparoscopic left colectomy with complete mesocolectomy [L-LCCM], n = 53) with SF-DCC were enrolled at the Asan Medical Center (Seoul, Korea). RESULTS: R-LCCM conveniently enables dexterous dissection for the multi-directional approaches during left mesocolic mobilization...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788687/trends-in-breast-reconstruction-implications-for-the-national-health-insurance-service
#2
Ki Yong Hong, Yoosung Son, Hak Chang, Ung Sik Jin
BACKGROUND: Breast reconstruction has become more common as mastectomy has become more frequent. In Korea, the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) began covering breast reconstruction in April 2015. This study aimed to investigate trends in mastectomy and breast reconstruction over the past 10 years and to evaluate the impact of NHIS coverage on breast reconstruction. METHODS: Nationwide data regarding mastectomy and breast reconstruction were collected from the Korean Breast Cancer Society registry database...
May 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784729/prognostic-roles-of-perioperative-body-mass-index-and-weight-loss-in-the-long-term-survival-of-gastric-cancer-patients
#3
Young Suk Park, Do Joong Park, Yoontaek Lee, Ki Bum Park, Sa-Hong Min, Sang-Hoon Ahn, Hyung-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Most gastric cancer (GC) patients rapidly lose weight after gastrectomy. Therefore, analysis of the effect of body mass index (BMI) on GC patients survival should include postoperative BMI and BMI loss as well as preoperative BMI. This retrospective cohort study analyzed the effect of three BMI variables and their interaction on long-term outcomes. METHODS: Preoperative BMI analysis included 2063 GC patients who underwent curative gastrectomy between January, 2009 and December, 2013 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital...
May 21, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783980/automated-extraction-of-biomarker-information-from-pathology-reports
#4
Jeongeun Lee, Hyun-Je Song, Eunsil Yoon, Seong-Bae Park, Sung-Hye Park, Jeong-Wook Seo, Peom Park, Jinwook Choi
BACKGROUND: Pathology reports are written in free-text form, which precludes efficient data gathering. We aimed to overcome this limitation and design an automated system for extracting biomarker profiles from accumulated pathology reports. METHODS: We designed a new data model for representing biomarker knowledge. The automated system parses immunohistochemistry reports based on a "slide paragraph" unit defined as a set of immunohistochemistry findings obtained for the same tissue slide...
May 21, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779674/forecasting-respiratory-infectious-outbreaks-using-ed-based-syndromic-surveillance-for-febrile-ed-visits-in-a-metropolitan-city
#5
Tae Han Kim, Ki Jeong Hong, Sang Do Shin, Gwan Jin Park, Sungwan Kim, Nhayoung Hong
BACKGROUND: Monitoring and detecting sudden outbreaks of respiratory infectious disease is important. Emergency Department (ED)-based syndromic surveillance systems have been introduced for early detection of infectious outbreaks. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a forecasting model of respiratory infectious disease outbreaks based on a nationwide ED syndromic surveillance using daily number of emergency department visits with fever. METHODS: We measured the number of daily ED visits with body temperature ≥ 38...
May 10, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778012/reactive-oxygen-species-ros-activity-of-ambient-fine-particles-pm-2-5-measured-in-seoul-korea
#6
Jieun Park, Eun Ha Park, James J Schauer, Seung-Muk Yi, Jongbae Heo
Substantial increase in level of particulate matter has raised concerns in South Korea recently. Ambient particulate matter is classified as Group I carcinogen (IARC, 2013) and multiple epidemiological studies has demonstrated adverse health effects due to exposure of particulate matter. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) which has a diameter <2.5 μm is likely to penetrate deeply into lung and is known to be eliciting adverse health effects. A number of epidemiological studies have been conducted on adverse health effects of PM-related diseases and mortality rate, yet particulate matter (PM)-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity at the cellular level has not been actively studied in Korea...
May 16, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774860/importation-of-human-seoul-virus-infection-to-germany-from-indonesia
#7
Jörg Hofmann, Sabrina Weiss, Martin Kuhns, Annekathrin Zinke, Heike Heinsberger, Detlev H Kruger
Seoul hantavirus-associated hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome cases are rare outside Asia and have not yet been found in Germany. We report clinical and molecular evidence for a Seoul virus infection in a patient in Germany. The infection was most likely acquired during a stay in Sulawesi, Indonesia.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774785/development-of-a-management-algorithm-for-the-diagnosis-of-cellular-fibroepithelial-lesions-from-core-needle-biopsies
#8
Jaehag Jung, Eunyoung Kang, Su Min Chae, Hyojin Kim, So Yeon Park, Bo La Yun, Sun Mi Kim, Mijung Jang, Sung-Won Kim, Eun-Kyu Kim
PURPOSE: Surgical excision is recommended for complete evaluation of cellular fibroepithelial lesions identified from core needle biopsy. The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with phyllodes tumor among cellular fibroepithelial lesions from core biopsies and develop a scoring system to predict the risk of phyllodes tumor. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of 169 breast lesions that were diagnosed as cellular fibroepithelial lesions from core needle biopsy at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital between March 2005 and January 2013...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770103/outbreak-of-seoul-virus-among-rats-and-rat-owners-united-states-and-canada-2017
#9
J L Kerins, S E Koske, J Kazmierczak, C Austin, K Gowdy, A Dibernardo
What is already known about this topic?: ​: Seoul virus, a type of hantavirus, is carried by Norway rats. Humans become infected through contact with virus shed in rat urine or droppings, or inhalation of virus particles in dust from contaminated bedding. Infected rats do not develop disease, but humans can experience symptoms ranging from mild influenza-like illness to severe disease with kidney failure and death. Although infections have been previously reported in humans after contact with wild rats, Seoul virus infections had not been reported in pet rats in the United States or Canada...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768453/spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-elderly-population-s-traffic-accidents-in-seoul-using-space-time-cube-and-space-time-kernel-density-estimation
#10
Youngok Kang, Nahye Cho, Serin Son
The purpose of this study is to analyze how the spatiotemporal characteristics of traffic accidents involving the elderly population in Seoul are changing by time period. We applied kernel density estimation and hotspot analyses to analyze the spatial characteristics of elderly people's traffic accidents, and the space-time cube, emerging hotspot, and space-time kernel density estimation analyses to analyze the spatiotemporal characteristics. In addition, we analyzed elderly people's traffic accidents by dividing cases into those in which the drivers were elderly people and those in which elderly people were victims of traffic accidents, and used the traffic accidents data in Seoul for 2013 for analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761411/detection-of-pathogenic-viruses-in-the-ambient-air-in-seoul-korea
#11
Tae-Hee Han, Sang-Hun Park, Ju-Young Chung, Hyo-Won Jeong, Jihun Jung, Jae-In Lee, Young-Ok Hwang, Il-Young Kim, Jip-Ho Lee, Kweon Jung
The possible transport of pathogenic microorganisms during Asian dust events could be an important concern for health workers; however, this is still uncertain owing to a lack of supporting evidence. The present study aimed to investigate the presence of pathogenic microorganisms in air samples collected during the Asian and non-Asian dust periods. Between March and September 2016, air samples were collected at three weather observation stations in Seoul using a high-volume air sampler. Multiplex PCR was performed using the Allplex™ respiratory and gastrointestinal panel assay kits to detect 46 microorganisms...
May 14, 2018: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760932/cardiovascular-disease-risk-differences-between-bus-company-employees-and-general-workers-according-to-the-korean-national-health-insurance-data
#12
Ji-Hoo Yook, Dong-Wook Lee, Min-Seok Kim, Yun-Chul Hong
Background: Bus drivers are known to be highly at risk of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we assessed the cardiovascular disease prevalence of bus company employees in Seoul, South Korea, and compared the results to those of general workers. Methods: We analyzed the 2014 Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) data and defined hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease based on the KCD-6 medical diagnoses. We used bus company employees as surrogate participants of bus drivers due to the characteristics of Korean NHI data...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758916/assessing-the-cold-temperature-effect-on-hospital-visit-by-allergic-rhinitis-in-seoul-korea
#13
Hyomi Kim, Honghyok Kim, Jong-Tae Lee
The association between temperature and health outcome has been studied in worldwide. However, studies for mild diseases such as AR, with high prevalence and considerable economic burden, are lacking compared to other relatively severe respiratory diseases. We aimed to assess the trend of hospital visit by AR and estimate the cold temperature effect on hospital visit by allergic rhinitis in Seoul, Korea, 2003-2011. We fitted generalized additive model with quasi-poisson distribution, controlling for humidity, long-term trend, day of week, national holiday, and influenza epidemic...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758866/estimation-of-human-origin-estrone-and-17%C3%AE-estradiol-concentrations-in-the-han-river-seoul-south-korea-and-its-uncertainty-based-ecological-risk-characterization
#14
Jinsung An, Kyungho Choi, Seungho Yang, Kyoungphile Nam
Estrogens originated from humans can reach ambient water and possibly cause significant ecological risks. In this study, the quantities of human-origin estrone (E1) and 17β-estradiol (E2) in the influent and effluent of four sewer treatment plants (STPs) in Seoul, South Korea were estimated using a demographic model. A Monte Carlo simulation was used to assess the quantitative uncertainty of estimated E1 and E2 concentrations. Mean concentrations of E1 and E2 estimated for STP influents ranged from 29.5 to 38...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756394/prognostic-impact-of-the-pretreatment-aspartate-transaminase-alanine-transaminase-ratio-in-patients-treated-with-first-line-systemic-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-therapy-for-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#15
Minyong Kang, Jiwoong Yu, Hyun Hwan Sung, Hwang Gyun Jeon, Byong Chang Jeong, Se Hoon Park, Seong Soo Jeon, Hyun Moo Lee, Han Yong Choi, Seong Il Seo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prognostic role of the pretreatment aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase or De Ritis ratio in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving first-line systemic tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively searched the medical records of 579 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who visited Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, from January 2001 through August 2016. After excluding 210 patients, we analyzed 360 patients who received first-line tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756020/multicenter-prospective-evaluation-of-the-express-view-reading-mode-for-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-studies
#16
Jean-Christophe Saurin, Philippe Jacob, Laurent Heyries, Christian Pesanti, Franck Cholet, Isaac Fassler, James Boulant, Slim Bramli, Antoin De Leusse, Gabriel Rahmi
Background:  Reducing the reading time of capsule endoscopy films is of high priority for gastroenterologists. We report a prospective multicenter evaluation of an "express view" reading mode (Intromedic capsule system). Methods:  Eighty-three patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding were prospectively included in 10 centers. All patients underwent small-bowel capsule endoscopy (Intromedic, Seoul, Republic of Korea). Films were read in standard mode, then a second reading was performed in express view mode at a second center...
May 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754077/characteristics-of-peak-concentrations-of-black-carbon-encountered-by-elementary-school-children
#17
Hyeran Jeong, Donguk Park
The objectives of this study were to examine characteristics of peak concentrations, including frequency, duration, and relative magnitude, and estimate its contributions to overall daily exposure to BC by activity and microenvironment. We assessed daily personal exposures from August 2015 to January 2016 (75.2% of weekdays and 24.8% of weekend days; 64.1% of school days and 35.9% of holidays) among forty 10-12 years old children living in the Seoul metropolitan area. These children were equipped with a microaethalometer (BC monitor) and recorded a time-activity diary...
May 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747619/clinical-results-of-the-open-ring-pmma-guider-assisted-capsulorrhexis-in-cataract-surgery
#18
Jee Hye Lee, Yong Eun Lee, Choun-Ki Joo
BACKGROUND: To compare the results of continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis(CCC) after application of an open ring-shaped guider compared with a free-hand procedure in eyes with cataracts. METHODS: This study comprised patients undergoing cataract surgery in Seoul St.Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea. Eyes were grouped depending on the capsulotomy method; CCC was performed by free-hand procedure on 94 eyes (free-hand group), and it was performed under the guidance after introduction of an open ring-shaped guider on consecutive 89 eyes (guided group)...
May 10, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744794/evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-vancomycin-induced-nephrotoxicity
#19
So Jin Park, Na Ri Lim, Hyo Jung Park, Jae Wook Yang, Min-Ji Kim, Kyunga Kim, Yong Won In, Young Mee Lee
Background Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic of choice for the treatment of serious infections caused by multi-resistant Gram-positive bacteria. However, vancomycin-associated nephrotoxicity (VAN) often limits its use. Previous data suggested a few risk factors of VAN, including higher mean vancomycin trough level, higher daily doses, old age, long duration of vancomycin therapy, and concomitant nephrotoxins. Objective To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of VAN and determine whether higher vancomycin trough concentrations were associated with a greater risk for VAN...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742548/association-of-electronic-health-literacy-with-health-promoting-behaviors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Kyoung A Kim, Yu Jin Kim, Mona Choi
It is important to know how well patients with type 2 diabetes understand and use health information available online in relation to health-promoting behaviors. Thus, the purposes of this study were to examine the association among electronic health literacy, perceived benefits, self-efficacy, and health-promoting behaviors in patients with type 2 diabetes, and to identify factors that affect health-promoting behaviors. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a diabetes center in Seoul, South Korea. It was found that health-promoting behaviors were significantly correlated with electronic health literacy (r = 0...
May 4, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
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