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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236188/contributors-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-incarcerated-youth
#1
Larkin Street McReynolds, Gail Wasserman, Elise Ozbardakci
BACKGROUND: Despite elevations in risks associated with self-injurious behavior among community adolescents, the degree to which these features are associated with self-injury among incarcerated youth has rarely been examined. Although the DSM-5 recently proposed a distinct category of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), most studies of youths in forensic settings have not distinguished between subtypes of self-harming individuals. METHODS: Demographic, offense, and disorder contributors to NSSI in incarcerated youths of both genders (N = 358) were examined via a computerized self-report instrument (VISA), largely consistent with DSM-5...
December 13, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194270/trend-and-demographic-characteristics-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-level-i-trauma-center
#2
Omri Emodi, Amir Wolff, Hanna Srouji, Hany Bahouth, Dani Noy, Imad Abu El Naaj, Adi Rachmiel
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the pattern and treatment of craniomaxillofacial injuries in the northern part of Israel, within a Jewish majority and large Arab minority population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 5-year retrospective study evaluated patients treated for craniomaxillofacial fractures. Fracture cause, type, site, and patient demographics were evaluated. RESULTS: Patient age ranged from 1 to 94 years with an average age of 36...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055647/sextortion-of-minors-characteristics-and-dynamics
#3
Janis Wolak, David Finkelhor, Wendy Walsh, Leah Treitman
PURPOSE: Sextortion (threats to expose sexual images to coerce victims to provide additional pictures, sex, or other favors) has been identified as an emerging online threat to youth, but research is scarce. We describe sextortion incidents from a large sample of victims (n = 1,385) and examine whether incidents occurring to minors (n = 572) are more or less serious than those experienced by young adults (n = 813). METHODS: We ran advertising campaigns on Facebook to recruit victims of sextortion, ages 18-25, for an online survey...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032323/neural-activity-during-traumatic-film-viewing-is-linked-to-endogenous-estradiol-and-hormonal-contraception
#4
Stephan F Miedl, Melanie Wegerer, Hubert Kerschbaum, Jens Blechert, Frank H Wilhelm
Women are at higher risk for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and recent research has highlighted a modulating role of female sex hormones for cognitive and emotional processes potentially underlying PTSD symptoms. However, studies combining fMRI recordings of brain activity during trauma film viewing with assessment of female sex hormones are missing. The trauma film paradigm - a widely used experimental analogue for trauma exposure - confronts healthy participants with traumatic film clips and thus allows studying peritraumatic processing under laboratory conditions...
October 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930066/alcohol-policies-and-alcohol-involved-homicide-victimization-in-the-united-states
#5
Timothy S Naimi, Ziming Xuan, Sharon M Coleman, Marlene C Lira, Scott E Hadland, Susanna E Cooper, Timothy C Heeren, Monica H Swahn
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between the alcohol policy environment and alcohol involvement in homicide victims in the United States, overall and by sociodemographic groups. METHOD: To characterize the alcohol policy environment, the presence, efficacy, and degree of implementation of 29 alcohol policies were used to determine Alcohol Policy Scale (APS) scores by state and year. Data about homicide victims from 17 states from 2003 to 2012 were obtained from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903161/national-trends-in-suicide-attempts-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#6
Mark Olfson, Carlos Blanco, Melanie Wall, Shang-Min Liu, Tulshi D Saha, Roger P Pickering, Bridget F Grant
Importance: A recent increase in suicide in the United States has raised public and clinical interest in determining whether a coincident national increase in suicide attempts has occurred and in characterizing trends in suicide attempts among sociodemographic and clinical groups. Objective: To describe trends in recent suicide attempts in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from the 2004-2005 wave 2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) and the 2012-2013 NESARC-III...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875252/childhood-trauma-and-two-stages-of-alcohol-use-in-african-american-and-european-american-women-findings-from-a-female-twin-sample
#7
Carolyn E Sartor, Julia D Grant, Lauren R Few, Kimberly B Werner, Vivia V McCutcheon, Alexis E Duncan, Elliot C Nelson, Pamela A F Madden, Kathleen K Bucholz, Andrew C Heath, Arpana Agrawal
The current investigation assessed for moderating effects of childhood trauma on genetic and environmental contributions to timing of alcohol use initiation and alcohol use disorder in African American (AA) and European American (EA) women. Data were drawn from diagnostic telephone interviews conducted with 3786 participants (14.6% AA) in a longitudinal female twin study. Childhood trauma was defined alternately as child maltreatment and more broadly to include other events (e.g., witnessing violence). Phenotypic associations between childhood trauma and alcohol outcomes were estimated using logistic regression analyses...
September 5, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#8
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
November 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438241/alcohol-and-psychotropic-substance-use-in-female-spanish-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#9
María Crespo, Carmen Soberón, Violeta Fernández-Lansac, M M Gómez-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Studies show high use of alcohol among American women who are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), but not in Spanish victims. This study examines hazardous drinking, use of psychotropic substances, and the relationship with psychopathological symptoms in Spanish women who are victims of IPV. METHOD: 50 battered women and 50 control women from general population were assessed. RESULTS: Hazardous drinking in women victims of IPV (18...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435900/characteristics-of-orbital-wall-fractures-in-preschool-and-school-aged-children
#10
Dong Jin Yang, Youn-Jung Kim, Dong-Woo Seo, Hyung-Joo Lee, In-June Park, Chang Hwan Sohn, Jung Min Ryoo, Jong Seung Lee, Won Young Kim, Kyoung Soo Lim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the injury patterns in pediatric patients with an orbital wall fracture (OWF) and to identify the differences in injury patterns between preschool and school-aged patients with OWF who presented to the emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study in the emergency department of a tertiary hospital between January 2004 and March 2014. A total of 177 pediatric patients (<18 years) with OWF who underwent facial bone computed tomography scans with specific discharge codes were included...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400569/association-between-schizophrenia-and-violence-among-chinese-female-offenders
#11
Jun Wang, Chun Li, Xiao-Min Zhu, Si-Mei Zhang, Jian-Song Zhou, Qi-Guang Li, Qun Wang, Shao-Ling Zhong, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang, Xiao-Ping Wang
Little is known about the association between schizophrenia and violence in women in China. This study aimed to examine the association between schizophrenia and violence in Chinese female offenders. Fifty-two schizophrenia patients were identified from the female offenders who received forensic psychiatric assessments in 2011 in Hunan province, China. Using a propensity score matching method, 104 matched controls without psychiatric disorders were selected from female criminals in Hunan province. Violent offences and homicides were verified and recorded...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271718/acceptability-of-microbicidal-vaginal-rings-and-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-female-sex-workers-in-a-high-prevalence-us-city
#12
Sarah M Peitzmeier, Catherine Tomko, Erin Wingo, Anne Sawyer, Susan G Sherman, Nancy Glass, Chris Beyrer, Michele R Decker
Biomedical HIV prevention tools including oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and vaginal microbicidal rings hold unique value for high-risk women who may have limited capacity for condom negotiation, including the key populations of sex workers and drug users. Commercial sex is a PrEP indicator in CDC guidelines, yet little is known about female sex workers' (FSWs) knowledge of and attitudes toward PrEP or the recently developed monthly vaginal microbicide rings. We describe knowledge and attitudes toward PrEP and microbicide rings in a sample of 60 mostly drug-using FSWs in Baltimore, Maryland, a high HIV-prevalence US city...
November 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241821/effect-of-socioeconomic-conditions-on-health-care-utilization-in-marital-violence-a-cross-sectional-investigation-from-the-japanese-study-on-stratification-health-income-and-neighborhood
#13
Maki Umeda, Norito Kawakami, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: The health-care-seeking process while experiencing marital violence can be significantly influenced by one's socioeconomic status, which limits the availability of resources and opportunities for accessing those resources. This study exploratorily examined the effects of socioeconomic factors on the association between marital violence and health care utilization in Japan. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 2,984 male and female community residents aged 25 to 50 years was obtained from the first wave of Japanese Study of Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood (J-SHINE) conducted between 2010 and 2011...
February 28, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134571/guns-in-intimate-partner-violence-comparing-incidents-by-type-of-weapon
#14
Susan B Sorenson
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the frequency, nature, and outcome of weapon use in intimate partner violence (IPV) and to assess compliance with related gun policies. METHODS: Data were drawn from forms police are mandated to complete at the scene of IPV in the fifth largest U.S. city during 2013. Proportions were calculated and odds ratios were adjusted for demographic and contextual characteristics and a Bonferroni correction for multiple statistical tests was applied...
March 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914236/disentangling-the-mental-health-impact-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect
#16
Charlotte A M Cecil, Essi Viding, Pasco Fearon, Danya Glaser, Eamon J McCrory
It is unclear whether maltreatment types exert common or specific effects on mental health. In the current study, we aimed to systematically characterize the unique, shared and cumulative effects of maltreatment types on psychiatric symptoms, using data drawn from a community sample of high-risk youth (n=204, M=18.85). Analyses controlled for a range of potentially confounding variables, including socio-demographic variables, neighbourhood deprivation and levels of community violence exposure. Outcome measures included multi-informant reports of internalizing difficulties, as well as data on externalizing problems and trauma-related symptoms...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747560/the-epidemiology-of-pre-hospital-potential-spinal-cord-injuries-in-victoria-australia-a-six-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Ala'a O Oteir, Karen Smith, Johannes U Stoelwinder, Shelley Cox, James W Middleton, Paul A Jennings
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury (TSCI) is relatively uncommon, yet a devastating and costly condition. Despite the human and social impacts, studies describing patients with potential TSCI in the pre-hospital setting are scarce. This paper aims to describe the epidemiology of patients potentially at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI by paramedics, with a view to providing a better understanding of factors associated with potential TSCI. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients managed and transported by Ambulance Victoria (AV) between 01 January 2007 and 31 December 2012 who, based on meeting pre-hospital triage protocols and criteria for spinal clearance, paramedic suspicion or spinal immobilisation, were classified to be at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612536/relationship-between-mobility-violence-and-major-depression-among-female-sex-workers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-southern-india
#18
Sangram Kishor Patel, Deepika Ganju, Parimi Prabhakar, Rajatashuvra Adhikary
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mobility, violence and mental health has largely been unexplored in developing countries. This study screens for signs of major depression, and assesses its association with mobility and violence among female sex workers (FSWs) in southern India. METHODS: Data (N=2400) for this study were used from a cross-sectional Behavioral Tracking Survey (BTS-2014) conducted among FSWs from a southern state of India as part of the Avahan programme...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476225/patterns-of-trauma-in-patient-seen-at-the-emergency-clinics-of-public-hospitals-in-mekelle-northern-ethiopia
#19
Fasika Amdeslasie, Mizan Kidanu, Wondwosen Lerebo, Dagim Ali
BACKGROUND: Injuries are a neglected health problem in developing countries. Ethiopia has a high incidence of road traffic accidents and trauma constitutes about half of surgical emergencies among patient seen at health facilities. The objective of this study was to determine the pattern of trauma among patient seen at emergency outpatient departments of public hospitals in northern Ethiopia METHODS: Retrospective data on patient seen at the hospitals during a one-year period (January 1, 2013-December 31, 2013) was collected...
April 2016: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262180/male-and-female-physical-intimate-partner-violence-and-socio-economic-position-a-cross-sectional-international-multicentre-study-in-europe
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
D Costa, E Hatzidimitriadou, E Ioannidi-Kapolou, J Lindert, J J F Soares, Ö Sundin, O Toth, H Barros
OBJECTIVES: This work explores the association between socio-economic position (SEP) and intimate partner violence (IPV) considering the perspectives of men and women as victims, perpetrators and as both (bidirectional). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional international multicentre study. METHODS: A sample of 3496 men and women, (aged 18-64 years), randomly selected from the general population of residents from six European cities was assessed: Athens; Budapest; London; Östersund; Porto; and Stuttgart...
October 2016: Public Health
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