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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271718/acceptability-of-microbicidal-vaginal-rings-and-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-female-sex-workers-in-a-high-prevalence-us-city
#1
Sarah M Peitzmeier, Catherine Tomko, Erin Wingo, Anne Sawyer, Susan G Sherman, Nancy Glass, Chris Beyrer, Michele R Decker
Biomedical HIV prevention tools including oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and vaginal microbicidal rings hold unique value for high-risk women who may have limited capacity for condom negotiation, including the key populations of sex workers and drug users. Commercial sex is a PrEP indicator in CDC guidelines, yet little is known about female sex workers' (FSWs) knowledge of and attitudes toward PrEP or the recently developed monthly vaginal microbicide rings. We describe knowledge and attitudes toward PrEP and microbicide rings in a sample of 60 mostly drug-using FSWs in Baltimore, Maryland, a high HIV-prevalence US city...
March 8, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241821/effect-of-socioeconomic-conditions-on-health-care-utilization-in-marital-violence-a-cross-sectional-investigation-from-the-japanese-study-on-stratification-health-income-and-neighborhood
#2
Maki Umeda, Norito Kawakami, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: The health-care-seeking process while experiencing marital violence can be significantly influenced by one's socioeconomic status, which limits the availability of resources and opportunities for accessing those resources. This study exploratorily examined the effects of socioeconomic factors on the association between marital violence and health care utilization in Japan. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 2,984 male and female community residents aged 25 to 50 years was obtained from the first wave of Japanese Study of Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood (J-SHINE) conducted between 2010 and 2011...
February 28, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134571/guns-in-intimate-partner-violence-comparing-incidents-by-type-of-weapon
#3
Susan B Sorenson
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the frequency, nature, and outcome of weapon use in intimate partner violence (IPV) and to assess compliance with related gun policies. METHODS: Data were drawn from forms police are mandated to complete at the scene of IPV in the fifth largest U.S. city during 2013. Proportions were calculated and odds ratios were adjusted for demographic and contextual characteristics and a Bonferroni correction for multiple statistical tests was applied...
March 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914236/disentangling-the-mental-health-impact-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect
#5
Charlotte A M Cecil, Essi Viding, Pasco Fearon, Danya Glaser, Eamon J McCrory
It is unclear whether maltreatment types exert common or specific effects on mental health. In the current study, we aimed to systematically characterize the unique, shared and cumulative effects of maltreatment types on psychiatric symptoms, using data drawn from a community sample of high-risk youth (n=204, M=18.85). Analyses controlled for a range of potentially confounding variables, including socio-demographic variables, neighbourhood deprivation and levels of community violence exposure. Outcome measures included multi-informant reports of internalizing difficulties, as well as data on externalizing problems and trauma-related symptoms...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747560/the-epidemiology-of-pre-hospital-potential-spinal-cord-injuries-in-victoria-australia-a-six-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Ala'a O Oteir, Karen Smith, Johannes U Stoelwinder, Shelley Cox, James W Middleton, Paul A Jennings
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury (TSCI) is relatively uncommon, yet a devastating and costly condition. Despite the human and social impacts, studies describing patients with potential TSCI in the pre-hospital setting are scarce. This paper aims to describe the epidemiology of patients potentially at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI by paramedics, with a view to providing a better understanding of factors associated with potential TSCI. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients managed and transported by Ambulance Victoria (AV) between 01 January 2007 and 31 December 2012 who, based on meeting pre-hospital triage protocols and criteria for spinal clearance, paramedic suspicion or spinal immobilisation, were classified to be at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612536/relationship-between-mobility-violence-and-major-depression-among-female-sex-workers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-southern-india
#7
Sangram Kishor Patel, Deepika Ganju, Parimi Prabhakar, Rajatashuvra Adhikary
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mobility, violence and mental health has largely been unexplored in developing countries. This study screens for signs of major depression, and assesses its association with mobility and violence among female sex workers (FSWs) in southern India. METHODS: Data (N=2400) for this study were used from a cross-sectional Behavioral Tracking Survey (BTS-2014) conducted among FSWs from a southern state of India as part of the Avahan programme...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476225/patterns-of-trauma-in-patient-seen-at-the-emergency-clinics-of-public-hospitals-in-mekelle-northern-ethiopia
#8
Fasika Amdeslasie, Mizan Kidanu, Wondwosen Lerebo, Dagim Ali
BACKGROUND: Injuries are a neglected health problem in developing countries. Ethiopia has a high incidence of road traffic accidents and trauma constitutes about half of surgical emergencies among patient seen at health facilities. The objective of this study was to determine the pattern of trauma among patient seen at emergency outpatient departments of public hospitals in northern Ethiopia METHODS: Retrospective data on patient seen at the hospitals during a one-year period (January 1, 2013-December 31, 2013) was collected...
April 2016: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262180/male-and-female-physical-intimate-partner-violence-and-socio-economic-position-a-cross-sectional-international-multicentre-study-in-europe
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
D Costa, E Hatzidimitriadou, E Ioannidi-Kapolou, J Lindert, J J F Soares, Ö Sundin, O Toth, H Barros
OBJECTIVES: This work explores the association between socio-economic position (SEP) and intimate partner violence (IPV) considering the perspectives of men and women as victims, perpetrators and as both (bidirectional). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional international multicentre study. METHODS: A sample of 3496 men and women, (aged 18-64 years), randomly selected from the general population of residents from six European cities was assessed: Athens; Budapest; London; Östersund; Porto; and Stuttgart...
October 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222356/age-varying-links-between-violence-exposure-and-behavioral-mental-and-physical-health
#10
Michael A Russell, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza
PURPOSE: To examine age-varying prevalence rates and health implications of weapon-related violence exposure (WRVE) from adolescence to young adulthood (ages 14-30) using time-varying effect modeling. METHODS: Data were from the Add Health study, a longitudinal study of adolescents in the United States (N = 5,103) followed into young adulthood across four assessment waves from age 14-30. RESULTS: WRVE rates varied with age, peaking during mid-to-late adolescence (ages 16-18)...
August 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162112/prevalence-of-strangulation-in-survivors-of-sexual-assault-and-domestic-violence
#11
Colleen Mcquown, Jennifer Frey, Sheila Steer, Gwendolyn E Fletcher, Brett Kinkopf, Michelle Fakler, Valorie Prulhiere
OBJECTIVES: Both sexual assault (SA) survivors and domestic violence (DV) survivors are populations at risk of strangulation injury. Our goal was to identify the prevalence of strangulation in patients who are survivors of SA and DV, identify presence of lethality risk factors in intimate partner violence, and assess differences in strangulation between SA and DV populations. METHODS: We reviewed all patient encounters from our health system's SA/DV forensic nurse examiner program from 2004 to 2008...
July 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112809/sexting-psychological-distress-and-dating-violence-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#12
Mara Morelli, Dora Bianchi, Roberto Baiocco, Lina Pezzuti, Antonio Chirumbolo
BACKGROUND: Sexting is the exchange of sexually explicit or provocative content (text messages, photos, and videos) via smartphone, Internet, or social networks. Recent evidence enlightened its relationships with several risk and aggressive behaviors. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the amount of sexting, psychological distress, and dating violence in adolescents and young adults. METHOD: The study involved 1,334 participants (68% females; mean age = 20...
May 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002224/the-impact-of-parenthood-on-physical-aggression-evidence-from-criminal-data
#13
Lynda G Boothroyd, Catharine P Cross
Evolutionary approaches to sex differences in physical aggression weigh the potential benefits of aggression against the likely costs to inclusive fitness, with some authors focusing on the damage physical injury would do to female inclusive fitness, and others on the extent to which success in physical competition may particularly enhance male fitness. This study tested a hypothesis derived from these approaches: that parents would be less physically aggressive than non-parents because of the damage any physical injury would do to their inclusive fitness...
March 22, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26837368/-bibliometric-analysis-of-worldwide-literature-in-research-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-world-in-recent-10-years
#14
Hongyi Wang, Junjie Xu, Hong Shang, Ning Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and reveal the worldwide hot topic and trend of the researches of intimate partner violence (IPV) during the past 10 years, and provide evidence for the related researches in China. METHODS: Relevant literatures included by PubMed database from 2005 to 2014 were analyzed quantitatively by using bibliographic item co-occurrence mining system (BICOMS). SPSS 20.0 statistical software was used to identify the high frequent key words of published articles to draw clustering relationship picture and Chi-square analysis was conducted to test the change trend of hot key words...
October 2015: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26802044/perpetration-and-victimization-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-young-men-and-women-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#15
Marta Mulawa, Lusajo J Kajula, Thespina J Yamanis, Peter Balvanz, Mrema N Kilonzo, Suzanne Maman
We describe and compare the baseline rates of victimization and perpetration of three forms of intimate partner violence (IPV)-psychological, physical, and sexual-among sexually active men (n = 1,113) and women (n = 226) enrolled in an ongoing cluster-randomized HIV and gender-based violence prevention trial in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. IPV was measured using a modified version of the World Health Organization Violence Against Women instrument. We assess the degree to which men and women report overlapping forms of IPV victimization and perpetration...
January 21, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26673473/the-pill-vs-the-sword-additional-considerations-comment-on-the-pill-is-mightier-than-the-sword
#16
COMMENT
Ilsa L Lottes
In this paper, I present additional information for policy-makers and researchers to consider in response to the view proposed by Potts et al that "the pill is mightier than the sword." I identify states with both high rates of terrorism and a youth bulge and discuss correlates of both these societal characteristics. The research examined supports the view that factors other than access to family planning are more important in facilitating terrorism.
2015: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26578996/the-relation-of-general-socio-emotional-processing-to-parenting-specific-behavior-a-study-of-mothers-with-and-without-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Dominik A Moser, Tatjana Aue, Francesca Suardi, Aurélia Manini, Ana Sancho Rossignol, Maria I Cordero, Gaëlle Merminod, François Ansermet, Sandra Rusconi Serpa, Nicolas Favez, Daniel S Schechter
Socio-emotional information processing during everyday human interactions has been assumed to translate to social-emotional information processing when parenting a child. Yet, few studies have examined whether this is indeed the case. This study aimed to improve on this by connecting the functional neuroimaging data when seeing socio-emotional interactions that are not parenting specific to observed maternal sensitivity. The current study considered 45 mothers of small children (12-42 months of age). It included healthy controls (HC) and mothers with interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD), as well as mothers without PTSD, both with and without IPV exposure...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26515712/treatment-engagement-female-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-treatment-for-ptsd-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ursula S Myers, Kendall C Browne, Sonya B Norman
OBJECTIVE: Treatment engagement rates are low for individuals with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorders across available interventions and treatment modalities. A better understanding of who does and does not engage in treatment can help improve retention, completion, and subsequent treatment outcomes. METHODS: Forty female survivors of intimate partner violence with PTSD and alcohol use disorder participated in a randomized controlled trial comparing twenty-five 90-minute sessions of either modified Seeking Safety or Facilitated Twelve-Step in a community-based outpatient clinic...
2015: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26496095/risks-go-beyond-the-violence-association-between-intimate-partner-violence-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse-among-females-admitted-to-a-rural-level-i-trauma-center
#19
Ashley B Hink, Eric Toschlog, Brett Waibel, Michael Bard
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant cause of intentional injury among women but remains underrecognized, and its relationship to other risk factors for all-cause injury remains poorly defined. This study aimed to assess IPV and its association with alcohol abuse, illicit substance use, selected mental illnesses, and other risk factors for injury. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of prospectively collected data among adult females admitted to a rural, Level I trauma center...
November 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26493483/-frequency-and-type-of-traumatic-events-in-children-and-adolescents-with-a-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Sabine Loos, Saskia Wolf, Dunja Tutus, Lutz Goldbeck
The risk for children and adolescents to be exposed to a potentially traumatic event (PTE) is high. The present study examines the frequency of PTEs in children and adolescents with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), the type of index trauma, and its relation to PTSD symptom severity and gender. A clinical sample of 159 children and adolescents between 7-16 years was assessed using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for Children and Adolescents (CAPS-CA). All reported PTEs from the checklist were analyzed according to frequency...
2015: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
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