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violence vs females

María Crespo, Carmen Soberón, Violeta Fernández-Lansac, M M Gómez-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Studies show high use of alcohol among American women who are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), but not in Spanish victims. This study examines hazardous drinking, use of psychotropic substances, and the relationship with psychopathological symptoms in Spanish women who are victims of IPV. METHOD: 50 battered women and 50 control women from general population were assessed. RESULTS: Hazardous drinking in women victims of IPV (18...
May 2017: Psicothema
Dong Jin Yang, Youn-Jung Kim, Dong-Woo Seo, Hyung-Joo Lee, In-June Park, Chang Hwan Sohn, Jung Min Ryoo, Jong Seung Lee, Won Young Kim, Kyoung Soo Lim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the injury patterns in pediatric patients with an orbital wall fracture (OWF) and to identify the differences in injury patterns between preschool and school-aged patients with OWF who presented to the emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study in the emergency department of a tertiary hospital between January 2004 and March 2014. A total of 177 pediatric patients (<18 years) with OWF who underwent facial bone computed tomography scans with specific discharge codes were included...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
Jun Wang, Chun Li, Xiao-Min Zhu, Si-Mei Zhang, Jian-Song Zhou, Qi-Guang Li, Qun Wang, Shao-Ling Zhong, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang, Xiao-Ping Wang
Little is known about the association between schizophrenia and violence in women in China. This study aimed to examine the association between schizophrenia and violence in Chinese female offenders. Fifty-two schizophrenia patients were identified from the female offenders who received forensic psychiatric assessments in 2011 in Hunan province, China. Using a propensity score matching method, 104 matched controls without psychiatric disorders were selected from female criminals in Hunan province. Violent offences and homicides were verified and recorded...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Sarah M Peitzmeier, Catherine Tomko, Erin Wingo, Anne Sawyer, Susan G Sherman, Nancy Glass, Chris Beyrer, Michele R Decker
Biomedical HIV prevention tools including oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and vaginal microbicidal rings hold unique value for high-risk women who may have limited capacity for condom negotiation, including the key populations of sex workers and drug users. Commercial sex is a PrEP indicator in CDC guidelines, yet little is known about female sex workers' (FSWs) knowledge of and attitudes toward PrEP or the recently developed monthly vaginal microbicide rings. We describe knowledge and attitudes toward PrEP and microbicide rings in a sample of 60 mostly drug-using FSWs in Baltimore, Maryland, a high HIV-prevalence US city...
March 8, 2017: AIDS Care
Maki Umeda, Norito Kawakami, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: The health-care-seeking process while experiencing marital violence can be significantly influenced by one's socioeconomic status, which limits the availability of resources and opportunities for accessing those resources. This study exploratorily examined the effects of socioeconomic factors on the association between marital violence and health care utilization in Japan. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 2,984 male and female community residents aged 25 to 50 years was obtained from the first wave of Japanese Study of Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood (J-SHINE) conducted between 2010 and 2011...
February 28, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
Susan B Sorenson
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the frequency, nature, and outcome of weapon use in intimate partner violence (IPV) and to assess compliance with related gun policies. METHODS: Data were drawn from forms police are mandated to complete at the scene of IPV in the fifth largest U.S. city during 2013. Proportions were calculated and odds ratios were adjusted for demographic and contextual characteristics and a Bonferroni correction for multiple statistical tests was applied...
March 2017: Journal of Women's Health
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
Charlotte A M Cecil, Essi Viding, Pasco Fearon, Danya Glaser, Eamon J McCrory
It is unclear whether maltreatment types exert common or specific effects on mental health. In the current study, we aimed to systematically characterize the unique, shared and cumulative effects of maltreatment types on psychiatric symptoms, using data drawn from a community sample of high-risk youth (n=204, M=18.85). Analyses controlled for a range of potentially confounding variables, including socio-demographic variables, neighbourhood deprivation and levels of community violence exposure. Outcome measures included multi-informant reports of internalizing difficulties, as well as data on externalizing problems and trauma-related symptoms...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
Ala'a O Oteir, Karen Smith, Johannes U Stoelwinder, Shelley Cox, James W Middleton, Paul A Jennings
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury (TSCI) is relatively uncommon, yet a devastating and costly condition. Despite the human and social impacts, studies describing patients with potential TSCI in the pre-hospital setting are scarce. This paper aims to describe the epidemiology of patients potentially at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI by paramedics, with a view to providing a better understanding of factors associated with potential TSCI. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients managed and transported by Ambulance Victoria (AV) between 01 January 2007 and 31 December 2012 who, based on meeting pre-hospital triage protocols and criteria for spinal clearance, paramedic suspicion or spinal immobilisation, were classified to be at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
Sangram Kishor Patel, Deepika Ganju, Parimi Prabhakar, Rajatashuvra Adhikary
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mobility, violence and mental health has largely been unexplored in developing countries. This study screens for signs of major depression, and assesses its association with mobility and violence among female sex workers (FSWs) in southern India. METHODS: Data (N=2400) for this study were used from a cross-sectional Behavioral Tracking Survey (BTS-2014) conducted among FSWs from a southern state of India as part of the Avahan programme...
2016: BMJ Open
Fasika Amdeslasie, Mizan Kidanu, Wondwosen Lerebo, Dagim Ali
BACKGROUND: Injuries are a neglected health problem in developing countries. Ethiopia has a high incidence of road traffic accidents and trauma constitutes about half of surgical emergencies among patient seen at health facilities. The objective of this study was to determine the pattern of trauma among patient seen at emergency outpatient departments of public hospitals in northern Ethiopia METHODS: Retrospective data on patient seen at the hospitals during a one-year period (January 1, 2013-December 31, 2013) was collected...
April 2016: Ethiopian Medical Journal
D Costa, E Hatzidimitriadou, E Ioannidi-Kapolou, J Lindert, J J F Soares, Ö Sundin, O Toth, H Barros
OBJECTIVES: This work explores the association between socio-economic position (SEP) and intimate partner violence (IPV) considering the perspectives of men and women as victims, perpetrators and as both (bidirectional). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional international multicentre study. METHODS: A sample of 3496 men and women, (aged 18-64 years), randomly selected from the general population of residents from six European cities was assessed: Athens; Budapest; London; Östersund; Porto; and Stuttgart...
October 2016: Public Health
Michael A Russell, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza
PURPOSE: To examine age-varying prevalence rates and health implications of weapon-related violence exposure (WRVE) from adolescence to young adulthood (ages 14-30) using time-varying effect modeling. METHODS: Data were from the Add Health study, a longitudinal study of adolescents in the United States (N = 5,103) followed into young adulthood across four assessment waves from age 14-30. RESULTS: WRVE rates varied with age, peaking during mid-to-late adolescence (ages 16-18)...
August 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Colleen Mcquown, Jennifer Frey, Sheila Steer, Gwendolyn E Fletcher, Brett Kinkopf, Michelle Fakler, Valorie Prulhiere
OBJECTIVES: Both sexual assault (SA) survivors and domestic violence (DV) survivors are populations at risk of strangulation injury. Our goal was to identify the prevalence of strangulation in patients who are survivors of SA and DV, identify presence of lethality risk factors in intimate partner violence, and assess differences in strangulation between SA and DV populations. METHODS: We reviewed all patient encounters from our health system's SA/DV forensic nurse examiner program from 2004 to 2008...
July 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mara Morelli, Dora Bianchi, Roberto Baiocco, Lina Pezzuti, Antonio Chirumbolo
BACKGROUND: Sexting is the exchange of sexually explicit or provocative content (text messages, photos, and videos) via smartphone, Internet, or social networks. Recent evidence enlightened its relationships with several risk and aggressive behaviors. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the amount of sexting, psychological distress, and dating violence in adolescents and young adults. METHOD: The study involved 1,334 participants (68% females; mean age = 20...
May 2016: Psicothema
Lynda G Boothroyd, Catharine P Cross
Evolutionary approaches to sex differences in physical aggression weigh the potential benefits of aggression against the likely costs to inclusive fitness, with some authors focusing on the damage physical injury would do to female inclusive fitness, and others on the extent to which success in physical competition may particularly enhance male fitness. This study tested a hypothesis derived from these approaches: that parents would be less physically aggressive than non-parents because of the damage any physical injury would do to their inclusive fitness...
March 22, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
Hongyi Wang, Junjie Xu, Hong Shang, Ning Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and reveal the worldwide hot topic and trend of the researches of intimate partner violence (IPV) during the past 10 years, and provide evidence for the related researches in China. METHODS: Relevant literatures included by PubMed database from 2005 to 2014 were analyzed quantitatively by using bibliographic item co-occurrence mining system (BICOMS). SPSS 20.0 statistical software was used to identify the high frequent key words of published articles to draw clustering relationship picture and Chi-square analysis was conducted to test the change trend of hot key words...
October 2015: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Marta Mulawa, Lusajo J Kajula, Thespina J Yamanis, Peter Balvanz, Mrema N Kilonzo, Suzanne Maman
We describe and compare the baseline rates of victimization and perpetration of three forms of intimate partner violence (IPV)-psychological, physical, and sexual-among sexually active men (n = 1,113) and women (n = 226) enrolled in an ongoing cluster-randomized HIV and gender-based violence prevention trial in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. IPV was measured using a modified version of the World Health Organization Violence Against Women instrument. We assess the degree to which men and women report overlapping forms of IPV victimization and perpetration...
January 21, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Ilsa L Lottes
In this paper, I present additional information for policy-makers and researchers to consider in response to the view proposed by Potts et al that "the pill is mightier than the sword." I identify states with both high rates of terrorism and a youth bulge and discuss correlates of both these societal characteristics. The research examined supports the view that factors other than access to family planning are more important in facilitating terrorism.
2015: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Dominik A Moser, Tatjana Aue, Francesca Suardi, Aurélia Manini, Ana Sancho Rossignol, Maria I Cordero, Gaëlle Merminod, François Ansermet, Sandra Rusconi Serpa, Nicolas Favez, Daniel S Schechter
Socio-emotional information processing during everyday human interactions has been assumed to translate to social-emotional information processing when parenting a child. Yet, few studies have examined whether this is indeed the case. This study aimed to improve on this by connecting the functional neuroimaging data when seeing socio-emotional interactions that are not parenting specific to observed maternal sensitivity. The current study considered 45 mothers of small children (12-42 months of age). It included healthy controls (HC) and mothers with interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD), as well as mothers without PTSD, both with and without IPV exposure...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
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