keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

race and violence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132955/injuries-from-physical-abuse-national-survey-of-children-s-exposure-to-violence-i-iii
#1
Thomas R Simon, Anne Shattuck, Akadia Kacha-Ochana, Corinne F David-Ferdon, Sherry Hamby, Megan Henly, Melissa T Merrick, Heather A Turner, David Finkelhor
INTRODUCTION: Official data sources do not provide researchers, practitioners, and policy makers with complete information on physical injury from child abuse. This analysis provides a national estimate of the percentage of children who were injured during their most recent incident of physical abuse. METHODS: Pooled data from three cross-sectional national telephone survey samples (N=13,052 children) included in the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence completed in 2008, 2011, and 2014 were used...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110024/parenting-style-and-mental-disorders-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#2
John David Eun, Diana Paksarian, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
PURPOSE: We examined associations between parenting style and past-year mental disorders in a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of US adolescents and whether the associations differed by adolescent demographic characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 6483 adolescents aged 13-18 years who were interviewed for a full range of DSM-IV mental disorders. Parenting style was assessed by adolescent-reported maternal and paternal care and control using items from the Parental Bonding Instrument...
November 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102869/temperamental-sensitivity-to-early-maltreatment-and-later-family-cohesion-for-externalizing-behaviors-in-youth-adopted-from-foster-care
#3
Irene Tung, Amanda N Noroña, Steve S Lee, Audra K Langley, Jill M Waterman
Children in foster care frequently have histories of physical/sexual abuse and neglect, increasing their risk for externalizing behaviors (EB; e.g., aggression). According to the differential susceptibility theory, children with reactive temperaments (e.g., negative emotionality) may be particularly vulnerable to early maltreatment, but may also benefit the most from environmental enrichment such as family cohesion. In a high-risk longitudinal sample of 82 children adopted from foster care in Los Angeles County from 1996 and 2001, we examined predictions of EB from childhood to adolescence/young adulthood from temperament, preadoption maltreatment, and adoptive family cohesion...
November 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077640/risk-and-causes-of-death-among-former-national-football-league-players-1986-2012
#4
Andrew E Lincoln, Robert A Vogel, Thomas W Allen, Reginald E Dunn, Kezia Alexander, Nathaniel D Kaufman, Andrew M Tucker
PURPOSE: Previous research identified decreased overall and cardiovascular mortality for National Football League (NFL) players from the 1959-1988 era. The present study explored the mortality risk among recent NFL players who played in an era of heavier linemen and nearly year-round physical conditioning. METHODS: This cohort study included 9778 former NFL players with at least one year in the NFL whose last season was between 1986 and 2012. Players' pension fund records were matched to the National Death Index (NDI) to determine vital status, date of death, and cause of death...
October 26, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076244/intersecting-disadvantage-unpacking-poor-outcomes-within-early-intervention-in-psychosis-services
#5
Nev Jones, Julia Godzikovskaya, Zhen Zhao, Anthony Vasquez, Al Gilbert, Larry Davidson
AIM: In order to strengthen specialized early intervention in psychosis (EIP) services, a contextually nuanced understanding of psychosocial forces driving suboptimal treatment response is critical. This study sought to examine factors driving poor outcomes through a systematic emic coding of psychosocial assessments for discharged EIP clients categorized as leaving with all treatment goals met (AG) or no treatment goals met (NG). METHODS: Psychosocial assessments at baseline, 1 year, 2 years and discharge were extracted from an EIP research registry and systematically coded...
October 27, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#6
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020264/examining-the-association-between-temperature-and-emergency-room-visits-from-mental-health-related-outcomes-in-california
#7
Rupa Basu, Lyndsay Gavin, Dharshani Pearson, Keita Ebisu, Brian Malig
Temperature and morbidity has been explored previously. However, the association between temperature and mental health-related outcomes, including violence and self-harm, remains relatively unexamined. We obtained daily counts of mental health-related emergency room visits involving injuries with external cause from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development from 16 California climate zones from 2005 to 2013, and combined them with data on mean apparent temperature, a combination of temperature and humidity...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016639/do-black-lives-matter-in-public-health-research-and-training
#8
Molly Rosenberg, Shabbar I Ranapurwala, Ashley Townes, Angela M Bengtson
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether investments made in public health research align with the health burdens experienced by white and black Americans. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of all deaths in the United States in 2015, we compared the distribution of potential years of life lost (PYLL) across 39 causes of death by race and identified key differences. We examined the relationship between cause-of-death-specific PYLL and key indicators of public health investment (federal funding and number of publications) by race using linear spline models...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986981/the-new-subversive-geranium-some-notes-on-the-management-of-additional-troubles-in-maximum-security-prisons
#9
Alison Liebling, Ryan J Williams
In this paper, we revisit King and McDermott's 1990 article on the social construction of 'control problem' prisoners and their management in high security prisons, in the light of our recent research on the location and building of trust in contemporary high security prisons. We examine how religious and race identities are now deeply implicated in the construction of risk, and we describe the procedures for and some of the consequences of managing the new risks of radicalization and extremist violence in prison...
October 7, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954142/rape-and-pregnancy-of-girls-aged-up-to-13-years-in-brazil-characteristics-and-implications-in-health-during-gestation-delivery-and-childbirth
#10
Rayone Moreira Costa Veloso Souto, Denise Lopes Porto, Isabella Vitral Pinto, Carlos Cezar Flores Vidotti, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Cheila Marina de Lima
Sexual violence against children and adolescents is a serious threat to the rights and full health of this age group. This study aims to describe the characteristics of mothers aged up to 13, and analyze the profile of cases of notified rape in this age range and repercussions of this violence during pregnancy and childbirth. It is a comparative study of the characteristics of gestation and childbirth of girls aged up to 13 who have had children, without or with notification of rape, in the Violence & Accidents Vigilance (VIVA) System of the Brazilian Case Registry Database (Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação - SINAN)...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954135/self-harm-throughout-all-life-cycles-profile-of-victims-using-urgent-and-emergency-care-services-in-brazilian-state-capitals
#11
Camila Alves Bahia, Joviana Quintes Avanci, Liana Wernersbach Pinto, Maria Cecilia de Souza Minayo
The aim of the study was to characterize the profile of victims of self-inflicted injuries, who were attended at urgent and emergency care services in Brazilian state capitals, by using the "Viva Survey" database of 2014. Descriptive statistics of the self-inflicted injuries by gender, as well as logistic regression analysis, were performed. The evaluated characteristics were age, gender, race/skin color, education, area of residence, characteristics of the event, alcohol use and the outcome of the case. The results showed that almost 10% of the surveyed cases that were treated by emergency medical services in relation to violence were due to self-inflicted injuries: of particular note were the cases involving females and adults...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954133/epidemiological-profile-of-care-for-violence-in-public-urgency-and-emergency-services-in-brazilian-capital-viva-2014
#12
Rayone Moreira Costa Veloso Souto, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Lucélia Silva Nico, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas
Injuries and deaths resulting from violence constitute a major public health problem in Brazil. The article aims to describe the profile of calls for violence in emergency departments and emergency Brazilian capitals. This is a descriptive study of Violence and Accident Surveillance System (VIVA), carried out in public emergencies Brazilian cities, from September to November 2014, a total of 4406 calls for aggression. We considered the following categories of analysis: 1) sociodemographic characteristics (gender, age, race / skin color, education, place of residence, vulnerability, alcohol intake); 2) Event feature (probable author, nature and means of aggression); and characteristics of care (getting to the hospital, prior service, evolution)...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916143/violent-behavior-by-emergency-department-patients-with-an-involuntary-hold-status
#13
Nancy L Dawson, Christian Lachner, Tyler F Vadeboncoeur, Michael J Maniaci, Veronica Bosworth, Teresa A Rummans, Archana Roy, M Caroline Burton
BACKGROUND: Violence against health care workers has been increasing. Health care workers in emergency departments (EDs) are highly vulnerable because they provide care for patients who may have mental illness, behavioral problems, or substance use disorders (alone or in combination) and who are often evaluated during an involuntary hold. Our objective was to identify factors that may be associated with violent behavior in ED patients during involuntary holds. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients evaluated during an involuntary hold at a suburban acute care hospital ED from January 2014 through November 2015...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905691/from-family-violence-exposure-to-violent-offending-examining-effects-of-race-and-mental-health-in-a-moderated-mediation-model-among-confined-male-juveniles
#14
Rebecca L Fix, Apryl A Alexander, Barry R Burkhart
Depression, substance use, and impulsivity have been linked to family violence exposure and to the development of violent offending during adolescence. Additionally, the indirect effects associated with these factors may not generalize across different racial/ethnic adolescent populations. The present study tested whether race/ethnicity moderated the mediated relationship between family violence exposure and violent offending, with depression, substance use, and impulsivity as mediators. A sample of 1,359 male adolescents was obtained from a juvenile correctional program...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903161/national-trends-in-suicide-attempts-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#15
Mark Olfson, Carlos Blanco, Melanie Wall, Shang-Min Liu, Tulshi D Saha, Roger P Pickering, Bridget F Grant
Importance: A recent increase in suicide in the United States has raised public and clinical interest in determining whether a coincident national increase in suicide attempts has occurred and in characterizing trends in suicide attempts among sociodemographic and clinical groups. Objective: To describe trends in recent suicide attempts in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from the 2004-2005 wave 2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) and the 2012-2013 NESARC-III...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880853/health-related-behaviors-and-academic-achievement-among-high-school-students-united-states-2015
#16
Catherine N Rasberry, Georgianne F Tiu, Laura Kann, Tim McManus, Shannon L Michael, Caitlin L Merlo, Sarah M Lee, Michele K Bohm, Francis Annor, Kathleen A Ethier
Studies have shown links between educational outcomes such as letter grades, test scores, or other measures of academic achievement, and health-related behaviors (1-4). However, as reported in a 2013 systematic review, many of these studies have used samples that are not nationally representative, and quite a few studies are now at least 2 decades old (1). To update the relevant data, CDC analyzed results from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a biennial, cross-sectional, school-based survey measuring health-related behaviors among U...
September 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838580/trauma-exposure-and-externalizing-disorders-in-adolescents-results-from-the-national-comorbidity-survey-adolescent-supplement
#17
Hannah Carliner, Dahsan Gary, Katie A McLaughlin, Katherine M Keyes
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to violence and other forms of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) are common among youths with externalizing psychopathology. These associations likely reflect both heightened risk for the onset of externalizing problems in youth exposed to PTEs and elevated risk for experiencing PTEs among youth with externalizing disorders. In this study, we disaggregate the associations between exposure to PTEs and externalizing disorder onset in a population-representative sample of adolescents...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832848/risk-and-protective-factors-for-noncommunicable-chronic-diseases-in-adolescents-by-race-skin-color-national-adolescent-school-based-health-survey
#18
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Maria Aline Siqueira Santos, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Max Moura de Oliveira, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Marta Maria Alves da Silva
Introduction: The race/skin color is an important predictor of health status of the population, as well as a marker of social inequalities. Objective: The aim of this paper was to describe the prevalence of the main risks and the protective factors for chronic diseases in schoolchildren, according to race/skin color differences. Methods: Data from the National Adolescent School-Based Health Survey (2012) were used. This is a cross-sectional study carried out in public and private schools...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820771/sexual-violence-among-college-students-an-examination-of-individual-and-institutional-level-factors-associated-with-perpetration
#19
Carolyn M Porta, Michelle A Mathiason, Katherine Lust, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence incidents involving college students have received media attention and increased awareness of this public health problem in the United States; prevention efforts are needed that target potential perpetrators. We examined characteristics of self-reported perpetrators of sexual violence on campuses. METHODS: This study used a secondary data analysis of the 2015 College Student Health Survey, an annual survey, which was completed by students attending 17 colleges/universities in Minnesota...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793147/comparing-public-safety-outcomes-for-traditional-probation-vs-specialty-mental-health-probation
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jennifer L Skeem, Sarah Manchak, Lina Montoya
Importance: Probation is a cornerstone of efforts to reduce mass incarceration. Although it is understudied, specialty probation could improve outcomes for the overrepresented group of people with mental illness. Objective: To test whether specialty probation yields better public safety outcomes than traditional probation. Design, Setting, and Participants: A longitudinal observational study with group matching on age, sex, race/ethnicity, probation time, and offense at 2 urban agencies that exemplify specialty and traditional probation...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
120791
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"