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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426317/trends-in-fighting-and-violence-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2002-2014
#1
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Erik J Nelson, Michael G Vaughn, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, David Córdova
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in and correlates of fighting and violence among youths from the 3 largest racial/ethnic groups in the United States. METHODS: We derived race/ethnicity-specific prevalence estimates for fighting, group fighting, and attacks with intent to harm from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, a population-based study of youths aged 12 to 17 years. RESULTS: The prevalence of youth fighting and violence decreased significantly in all racial/ethnic groups over the study period (2002-2014), dropping from a high of 33...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414628/fried-green-tomatoes-and-the-color-purple-a-case-study-in-lesbian-friendship-and-cultural-controversy
#2
Kristen Proehl
Published in the 1980s, Fannie Flagg's Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Café and Alice Walker's The Color Purple are lesbian coming-of-age narratives that share a great deal in common in terms of their thematic content, publication histories, and cultural afterlives. In both novels, female friendships are shaped by patriarchal violence and develop in the context of the rural, segregated, early twentieth-century U.S. South. But the two novels also diverge in significant ways, as differences in race, gender, class, and sexuality shape their protagonists' experiences of love and friendship...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412887/preventing-and-de-escalating-aggressive-behavior-among-adult-psychiatric-patients-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#3
Bradley N Gaynes, Carrie L Brown, Linda J Lux, Kimberly A Brownley, Richard A Van Dorn, Mark J Edlund, Emmanuel Coker-Schwimmer, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Brian Sheitman, Theodore Zarzar, Meera Viswanathan, Kathleen N Lohr
OBJECTIVE: The project goal was to compare the effectiveness of strategies to prevent and de-escalate aggressive behaviors among psychiatric patients in acute care settings, including interventions for reducing use of seclusion and restraint. METHODS: Relevant databases were systematically reviewed for comparative studies of violence prevention and de-escalation strategies involving adult psychiatric patients in acute care settings. Studies (trials and cohort studies) were required to report on aggression or seclusion or restraint outcomes...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402692/racial-ethnic-differences-in-women-s-experiences-of-reproductive-coercion-intimate-partner-violence-and-unintended-pregnancy
#4
Charvonne N Holliday, Heather L McCauley, Jay G Silverman, Edmund Ricci, Michele R Decker, Daniel J Tancredi, Jessica G Burke, Patricia Documét, Sonya Borrero, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To explore racial/ethnic differences in reproductive coercion (RC), intimate partner violence (IPV), and unintended pregnancy (UIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, baseline data from an intervention that was conducted between August 2008 and March 2009 in five family planning clinics in the San Francisco, California area, to examine the association of race/ethnicity with RC, IPV, and UIP among female patients aged 16-29 (n = 1234)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395007/thoughts-and-response-to-authority-perpetrated-discriminatory-and-race-based-violence
#5
Kimlin Tam Ashing, Marva L Lewis, Valencia P Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374219/aggressive-male-juvenile-offenders-with-callous-unemotional-traits-show-aberrant-attentional-orienting-to-distress-cues
#6
Eva R Kimonis, Nicole Graham, Elizabeth Cauffman
Antisocial youth with callous-unemotional (CU) traits exhibit a pattern of severe and persistent conduct problems and deficits in emotional processing that parallels adults with psychopathy. Aberrant emotional attention, particularly among individuals high on aggression, constitutes one such deficit; however, its robustness across race/ethnicity requires further investigation given findings that the psychopathy construct manifests differently across race (Sullivan and Kosson 2006), and emotional attention is susceptible to the influence of adverse environmental factors such as violence exposure that is more common among ethnic minority youth (Kimonis et al...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367257/sexual-minority-youth-of-color-a-content-analysis-and-critical-review-of-the-literature
#7
Russell B Toomey, Virginia W Huynh, Samantha K Jones, Sophia Lee, Michelle Revels-Macalinao
This study analyzed the content of 125 unique reports published since 1990 that have examined the health and well-being-as well as the interpersonal and contextual experiences-of sexual minority youth of color (SMYoC). One-half of reports sampled only young men, 73% were noncomparative samples of sexual minority youth, and 68% of samples included multiple racial-ethnic groups (i.e., 32% of samples were mono-racial/ethnic). Most reports focused on health-related outcomes (i.e., sexual and mental health, substance use), while substantially fewer attended to normative developmental processes (i...
2017: Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350510/a-qualitative-study-of-a-maintenance-support-program-for-women-at-risk-of-homelessness-part-3-societal-factors
#8
Rose McMaster, Violeta Lopez, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary
Homelessness is a collective societal problem, and people who are homeless are often treated as society's underclass, stigmatised and excluded. These issues are often exacerbated among homeless people from countries other than the one in which they are currently living. In this paper we report findings from a qualitative study of homeless women, case managers and health professionals from a Maintenance Support Program and their personal accounts and insights into their experiences of the program. This paper presents the third and last sub-theme "societal factors" of the study where the overarching theme was "A life-changing event: I have the power to change...
March 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338783/empathy-and-moral-emotions-in-post-apartheid-south-africa-an-fmri-investigation
#9
Melike M Fourie, Dan J Stein, Mark Solms, Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela, Jean Decety
Moral emotions elicited in response to others' suffering are mediated by empathy and affect how we respond to their pain. South Africa provides a unique opportunity to study group processes given its racially divided past. The present study seeks insights into aspects of the moral brain by investigating behavioral and functional MRI responses of White and Black South Africans who lived through apartheid to in- and out-group physical and social pain. Whereas the physical pain task featured faces expressing dynamic suffering, the social pain task featured victims of apartheid violence from the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission to elicit heartfelt emotion...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327508/adverse-childhood-experiences-commitment-offense-and-race-ethnicity-are-the-effects-crime-race-and-ethnicity-specific
#10
Matt DeLisi, Justin Alcala, Abdi Kusow, Andy Hochstetler, Mark H Heirigs, Jonathan W Caudill, Chad R Trulson, Michael T Baglivio
Adverse childhood experiences are associated with an array of health, psychiatric, and behavioral problems including antisocial behavior. Criminologists have recently utilized adverse childhood experiences as an organizing research framework and shown that adverse childhood experiences are associated with delinquency, violence, and more chronic/severe criminal careers. However, much less is known about adverse childhood experiences vis-à-vis specific forms of crime and whether the effects vary across race and ethnicity...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302351/does-a-primary-health-clinic-for-formerly-incarcerated-women-increase-linkage-to-care
#11
Diane S Morse, John L Wilson, James M McMahon, Ann M Dozier, Anabel Quiroz, Catherine Cerulli
OBJECTIVE: This study examined a primary care-based program to address the health needs of women recently released from incarceration by facilitating access to primary medical, mental health, and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Peer community health workers recruited women released from incarceration within the past 9 months into the Women's Initiative Supporting Health Transitions Clinic (WISH-TC). Located within an urban academic medical center, WISH-TC uses cultural, gender, and trauma-specific strategies grounded in the self-determination theory of motivation...
March 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290936/prevalence-and-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-a-military-urogynecology-clinic
#12
Monica A Lutgendorf, Marie A Snipes, Amy L O'Boyle
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common, with prevalence in women of 15 to 71% over the lifespan, 4 to 54% currently. Violence is associated with poor health, and may be more common in military populations. A history of abuse is also common in patients with pain, urinary/bowel symptoms, and dyspareunia. Our purpose was to determine the prevalence and predictors of abuse in a military urogynecology clinic. METHODS: Patients presenting to a military urogynecology clinic were screened for IPV with the 4-item Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS) screen...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260243/aggressive-and-violent-behavior-and-emotional-self-efficacy-is-there-a-relationship-for-adolescents
#13
Robert F Valois, Keith J Zullig, Asa A Revels
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study we explored relationships between aggressive and violent behaviors and emotional self-efficacy (ESE) in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents in South Carolina (N = 3836). METHODS: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey items on aggressive and violent behavior items and an adolescent ESE scale were used. Logistic regression analyses and multivariate models constructed separately, revealed significant race by sex findings...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260239/ten-year-secular-trends-in-youth-violence-results-from-the-philadelphia-youth-risk-behavior-survey-2003-2013
#14
Andrew C Pool, Freda Patterson, Ingrid Y Luna, Bernadette Hohl, Katherine W Bauer
BACKGROUND: Youth violence reduction is a public health priority, yet few studies have examined secular trends in violence among urban youth, who may be particularly vulnerable to numerous forms of violence. This study examines 10-year secular trends in the prevalence of violence-related behaviors among Philadelphia high school students. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional data were analyzed from 5 waves of the Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) from 2003 to 2013...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178967/geo-demographics-of-gunshot-wound-injuries-in-miami-dade-county-2002-2012
#15
Laura Zebib, Justin Stoler, Tanya L Zakrison
BACKGROUND: We evaluated correlates of gunshot wound (GSW) injuries in Miami-Dade County, Florida. Firearm-related injury has previously been linked to socio- and geo-demographic indicators such as occupation, income, neighborhood and race in other metropolitan areas, but remains understudied in Miami. METHODS: We reviewed 4,547 cases from a Level I trauma center's patient registry involving an intentional firearm-related injury occurring from 2002 to 2012. During this eleven-year study period, this trauma center was the only one in Miami-Dade County, and thus representative of countywide injuries...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178385/domestic-violence-in-pregnancy-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-the-pregnant-woman
#16
Fátima Susana Jesus Almeida, Emília Carvalho Coutinho, João Carvalho Duarte, Cláudia Margarida Balula Chaves, Paula Alexandra Batista Nelas, Odete Pereira Amaral, Vitória de Castro Parreira
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence (physical, psychological or sexual) during pregnancy and to characterise these women. BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are not immune to domestic violence (DV) and therefore may be subject to any form of physical, psychological or sexual violence by partners. Health professionals' knowledge and awareness is important in the identification and intervention of pregnant women who experience domestic violence...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147456/frequency-of-guns-in-the-households-of-high-school-seniors
#17
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Diane R Follingstad, Candace J Brancato
BACKGROUND: In 2013, President Obama lifted the federal ban on gun violence research. The current study provides one of the first reports to estimate household gun ownership as reported by youth. METHODS: In this cohort study of 3006 high school seniors from 24 schools, we examined the frequency of household guns ownership. RESULTS: About 65% reported having at least 1 gun in their household. White males were more likely to have a gun and to have more guns than other demographically characterized groups...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126481/traumatic-brain-injury-and-ptsd-symptoms-as-a-consequence-of-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Katherine M Iverson, Christina M Dardis, Terri K Pogoda
OBJECTIVE: To effectively diagnose and treat women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV), it is important to identify the full range of physical and mental health consequences, including hidden wounds such as traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We aimed to identify the occurrence of IPV-related TBI and associated PTSD symptoms among women veterans who experienced IPV. METHODS: A web-based survey was administered in 2014 to a national sample of U...
January 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103077/quantifying-disparities-in-urban-firearm-violence-by-race-and-place-in-philadelphia-pennsylvania-a-cartographic-study
#19
Jessica H Beard, Christopher N Morrison, Sara F Jacoby, Beidi Dong, Randi Smith, Carrie A Sims, Douglas J Wiebe
OBJECTIVES: To describe variability in the burden of firearm violence by race, income, and place in an urban context. METHODS: We used Philadelphia Police Department data from 2013 to 2014 to calculate firearm assault rates within census block groups for both victim residence and event locations, stratifying by race and block group income. We used cartographic modeling to determine variations in incidence of firearm assault by race, neighborhood income, and place...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103071/bridging-the-response-to-mass-shootings-and-urban-violence-exposure-to-violence-in-new-haven-connecticut
#20
Alycia Santilli, Kathleen O'Connor Duffany, Amy Carroll-Scott, Jordan Thomas, Ann Greene, Anita Arora, Alicia Agnoli, Geliang Gan, Jeannette Ickovics
We have described self-reported exposure to gun violence in an urban community of color to inform the movement toward a public health approach to gun violence prevention. The Community Alliance for Research and Engagement at Yale School of Public Health conducted community health needs assessments to document chronic disease prevalence and risk, including exposure to gun violence. We conducted surveys with residents in six low-income neighborhoods in New Haven, Connecticut, using a neighborhood-stratified, population-based sample (n = 1189; weighted sample to represent the neighborhoods, n = 29 675)...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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