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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670416/-it-s-not-all-just-about-the-dying-kaum%C3%A4-tua-m%C3%A4-ori-attitudes-towards-physician-aid-in-dying-a-narrative-enquiry
#1
Phillipa J Malpas, Anneka Anderson, Pio Jacobs, Takawai Jacobs, Danielle Luinstra, Dolly Paul, Jim Rauwhero, Julie Wade, David Wharemate
AIM: To explore kaumātua attitudes towards physician aid-in dying, to gain a clear understanding of how such attitudes may influence and shape their expectations of medical care at the end of life and to assist health professionals in Aotearoa/New Zealand to address the healthcare needs of older Māori near the end of life. DESIGN: A kaupapa Māori consistent approach was undertaken. A systematic narrative technique was employed for the qualitative data analysis...
September 26, 2016: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611458/aid-in-dying-means-dignity-for-patients
#2
John Burzichelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: MD Advisor: a Journal for New Jersey Medical Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603277/a-proposed-path-to-consensus-on-aid-in-dying
#3
Paul Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: MD Advisor: a Journal for New Jersey Medical Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462948/a-time-and-place-the-role-of-social-workers-in-improving-end-of-life-care
#4
Judith Peres
Americans are living longer, but dying after a prolonged period of management of multiple chronic illnesses and functional disabilities. Despite waves of public and professional activity targeted toward improving care for the dying and supporting the families, gaps in care and challenges in end-of-life care persist. Contentious issues such as the so-called "death panels" or physician payment for discussion of advance directives and care wishes at the end of life; aid in dying; and regarding individuals who actively choose death (case of Brittney Maynard) are continually debated in the public media...
July 2016: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416645/implementing-aid-in-dying-in-california-experiences-from-other-states-indicates-the-need-for-strong-implementation-guidance
#5
Cindy L Cain
In late 2015, California passed the End of Life Option Act (AB 15), which allows residents at the terminal stage of an illness to request a prescription for medications meant to hasten death. As California seeks to implement the law in June 2016, findings from other states that practice aid in dying (AID) may guide implementation. This policy brief provides an overview of the use of AID, outlines outstanding questions about practice and ethics, and recommends steps for improving California's implementation of AB 15...
May 2016: Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276445/multi-ethnic-attitudes-toward-physician-assisted-death-in-california-and-hawaii
#6
Vyjeyanthi S Periyakoil, Helena Kraemer, Eric Neri
BACKGROUND: As aid-in-dying laws are gaining more public acceptance and support, it is important to understand diverse perceptions toward physician-assisted death (PAD). We compare attitudes of residents from California and Hawaii to identify variables that may predict attitudes toward PAD. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey of 1095 participants (a 75.8% survey completion rate) from California and 819 from Hawaii (a 78.4% survey completion rate). Data were collected between July through October 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183243/aid-in-dying-and-palliative-sedation
#7
Paul C Rousseau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169207/quebec-s-medical-aid-in-dying-an-inspiration-for-other-canadian-jurisdictions
#8
Daniel Boivin, Julie Barrette
Soon, physicians across Canada will be permitted to assist patients in dying, provided certain conditions are met. Physicians in the province of Quebec can already provide this service since December 10, 2015. While Quebec has been studying the question of legislating medical aid in dying since 2009, the rest of the country must come up with legislation on this issue within the next few months. This article suggests that other Canadian jurisdictions, federally and provincially/territorially, may find inspiration in the extensive work done in Quebec leading to its end-of-life legislation, including on the issues of identifying proper safeguards to protect vulnerable people and eligibility criteria that could be put in place in these jurisdictions...
February 2016: Health Law in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169200/enabling-choice-aid-in-living-as-a-predicate-to-aid-in-dying
#9
Tom Koch
In February 2016, the Canadian Supreme Court argued in a unanimous decision that criminal statutes prohibiting physician-assisted or -directed termination violated the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. In the unanimous judgment, they argued that the promise of "life, liberty, and sanctity of person" in s. 7 enshrined patient choice as a principal Canadian virtue. But for choice to be real, that requires a set of predicate conditions assuring fragile Canadians have free and ready access to a range of medical services including, in a partial list, expert counseling, home care aides, palliative treatment, rehabilitative services, and social support for themselves and familial carers...
February 2016: Health Law in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045303/a-case-of-attempted-suicide-in-huntington-s-disease-ethical-and-moral-considerations
#10
Kristin Furfari, Nichole Zehnder, Jean Abbott
A 62-year-old female with Huntington's disease presented after a suicide attempt. Her advance directive stated that she did not want intubation or resuscitation, which her family acknowledged and supported. Despite these directives, she was resuscitated in the emergency department and continued to state that she would attempt suicide again. Her suicidality in the face of a chronic and advancing illness, and her prolonged consistency in her desire to take her own life, left careproviders wondering how to provide ethical, respectful care to this patient...
2016: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030484/can-facilitated-aid-in-dying-be-permitted-by-double-effect-some-reflections-from-a-recent-new-zealand-case
#11
Colin Gavaghan, Mike King
While the Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE) remains controversial in ethical circles, it continues to be recognised in common law courts. In 2015, the High Court of New Zealand became the latest to acknowledge the existence of the DDE, in a case that challenged the prohibition on physician assisted dying. In so doing, the possibility was raised that the DDE could potentially be used in an untraditional way to provide a prima facie justification of "facilitated aid in dying" (FAID) in some cases.In this article, we develop and offer justification for this line of reasoning...
June 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939497/lecretia-seales-and-aid-in-dying-in-new-zealand
#12
Grant Gillett
The application by Lecretia Seales, in relation to the lawfulness of physician aid in dying in New Zealand, was heard by Collins J, an experienced medical jurisprudentialist. It raised issues re-ignited by the recent Supreme Court of Canada ruling in Carter v Canada and the legislative change in California. Is a continued prohibition in Australasia and the United Kingdom against physician aid in dying causing patients to be subjected to cruel, inhumane and undignified deaths or, in fact, is a legislative change unnecessary given the level of care that patients can receive and the peaceful and harmonious deaths that we often hear about in hospice and other settings...
December 2015: Journal of Law and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871532/is-it-time-to-get-mad
#13
Harvey Max Chochinov
Like the rest of Canada, the vast majority of Quebecers do not have access to comprehensive, quality, palliative end-of-life care. Nevertheless, despite every substantive argument, compelling study, troubling precedent and cautionary tale regarding physician-hastened death, the Quebec Government has passed Bill 52 - a Bill legalizing euthanasia or what is euphemistically being called medical aid in dying (MAD). While the Bill purports to ensure that "everyone may have access, throughout the continuum of care, to quality care that is appropriate to their needs, including prevention and relief of suffering," it states that organizational structures, institutions and palliative care hospices will carry out this mandate "within the limits of the human, material and financial resources at their disposal...
2014: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871529/why-am-i-here
#14
Ross E Upshur
In this essay I reflect on the meaning of death in life. Drawing on experiences as a practicing family physician providing care for dying patients and being witness to the deaths of family members, I argue for greater efforts to explicitly and openly support frank discussions about death and dying. I endorse the recommendations of the Royal Society of Canada expert panel, and point out remaining challenges that must be met regardless of whether there is a change in the legal structures regarding the permissibility of aid in dying...
2014: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26784765/the-liberty-to-die-california-enacts-physician-aid-in-dying-law
#15
Ryan P Clodfelter, Eli Y Adashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26711140/aid-in-dying-practice-in-europe-and-the-united-states-legal-and-ethical-perspectives-for-pharmacy
#16
Ranjani Varadarajan, Robert A Freeman, Jayesh R Parmar
This article briefly reviews 'aid-in-dying' options such as euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in Europe and the US Physician-assisted suicide is now legal in four US States. Current practices, medications used and statistics relating to prescription frequency and death rates from the participating States are briefly discussed. This paper also examines the role of pharmacists in assisted suicides; legal, ethical and professional challenges that they face, and future implications on pharmacist education to enable them to make an educated decision about their involvement in aid-in-dying practices...
November 24, 2015: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623447/aid-in-dying-considering-the-options-support-grows-as-ca-becomes-fifth-state-to-pass-legislation-in-cases-of-terminal-illness
#17
Herbert Rakatansky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26539979/clinical-criteria-for-physician-aid-in-dying
#18
David Orentlicher, Thaddeus Mason Pope, Ben A Rich
More than 20 years ago, even before voters in Oregon had enacted the first aid in dying (AID) statute in the United States, Timothy Quill and colleagues proposed clinical criteria AID. Their proposal was carefully considered and temperate, but there were little data on the practice of AID at the time. (With AID, a physician writes a prescription for life-ending medication for a terminally ill, mentally capacitated adult.) With the passage of time, a substantial body of data on AID has developed from the states of Oregon and Washington...
March 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26389090/physicians-and-euthanasia-a-canadian-print-media-discourse-analysis-of-physician-perspectives
#19
David Kenneth Wright, Jennifer R Fishman, Hadi Karsoho, Sarah Sandham, Mary Ellen Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Recent events in Canada have mobilized public debate concerning the controversial issue of euthanasia. Physicians represent an essential stakeholder group with respect to the ethics and practice of euthanasia. Further, their opinions can hold sway with the public, and their public views about this issue may further reflect back upon the medical profession itself. METHODS: We conducted a discourse analysis of print media on physicians' perspectives about end-of-life care...
April 2015: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26223360/should-health-care-providers-uphold-the-dnr-of-a-terminally-ill-patient-who-attempts-suicide
#20
REVIEW
Lisa Campo-Engelstein, Jane Jankowski, Marcy Mullen
An individual's right to refuse life-sustaining treatment is a fundamental expression of patient autonomy; however, supporting this right poses ethical dilemmas for healthcare providers when the patient has attempted suicide. Emergency physicians encounter patients who have attempted suicide and are likely among the first medical providers to face the dilemma of honoring the patient's DNR or intervening to reverse the effects of potentially fatal actions. We illustrate this issue by introducing a case example in which the DNR of a terminally ill woman was not honored because the cause of her cardiac arrest was suicide...
June 2016: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
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