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Aid-in-dying

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698279/assisted-suicide-aid-in-dying-what-is-the-nurse-s-role
#1
Ann B Hamric, Judith K Schwarz, Lewis Cohen, Margaret Mahon
: This article presents the discussion that occurred during a policy dialogue on aid in dying (AID) presented at the American Academy of Nursing's annual conference in October 2016. Panelists explored the arguments for and against the growing state expansion of AID legislation, and the role for nurses in assisting patients who request AID. Recommendations are offered and four expert commentaries respond to the points raised.
May 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672149/access-to-aid-in-dying-in-the-united-states-shifting-the-debate-from-rights-to-justice
#2
Mara Buchbinder
Much of the literature on aid-in-dying (AID) has drawn heavily on rights-based ethical and legal frameworks that emphasize patients' rights of self-determination in end-of-life decision-making. Less attention has focused on how terminally ill people actually experience such putative rights once they are legally authorized. This analytic essay draws on findings from the Vermont Study on Aid-in-Dying, an ethnographic study of the implementation of AID in Vermont (2015-2017). First, I show that terminally ill people can face a range of barriers to accessing AID in permissive jurisdictions, and that access to AID is mediated by various inequalities endemic to US health care, as well as some that are unique to AID...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671510/medical-aid-in-dying
#3
David Nowels, Gregg VandeKieft, Jennifer Moore Ballentine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578238/development-of-the-aas-statement-on-suicide-and-physician-aid-in-dying
#4
Margaret P Battin
In August 2017, the American Association of Suicidology board passed a statement titled "Suicide" is not the same as "Physician aid in dying," which was developed partly in response to the fact that aid in dying is now legal in a number of jurisdictions. In Phase 1, eight members of the AAS who had indicated interest in this issue were asked to independently draft such a statement; the convener consolidated these drafts and comments into an initial statement. In Phase 2, five additional experts who might be expected to object were asked for their independent input; the convener consolidated these with the previous draft...
March 26, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572301/reports-offer-window-on-medical-aid-in-dying
#5
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306500/nurses-perspectives-on-whether-medical-aid-in-dying-should-be-accessible-to-incompetent-patients-with-dementia-findings-from-a-survey-conducted-in-quebec-canada
#6
G Bravo, C Rodrigue, M Arcand, J Downie, M-F Dubois, S Kaasalaine, C M Hertogh, S Pautex, L Van den Block
We conducted a survey in a random sample of 514 Quebec nurses caring for the elderly to assess their attitudes towards extending medical aid in dying to incompetent patients and to explore associated factors. Attitudes were measured using clinical vignettes featuring a hypothetical patient with Alzheimer disease. Vignettes varied according to the stage of the disease (advanced or terminal) and the presence or absence of a written request. Of the 291 respondents, 83.5% agreed with the current legislation that allows physicians to administer aid in dying to competent patients who are at the end of life and suffer unbearably...
January 3, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283927/are-informal-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-open-to-extending-medical-aid-in-dying-to-incompetent-patients-findings-from-a-survey-conducted-in-quebec-canada
#7
Gina Bravo, Claudie Rodrigue, Marcel Arcand, Jocelyn Downie, Marie-France Dubois, Sharon Kaasalainen, Cees M Hertogh, Sophie Pautex, Lieve Van den Block
Euthanasia is a controversial and complex issue, especially when involving incompetent patients. On December 10, 2015, Quebec became the first Canadian province to give access to medical aid in dying (MAiD) (ie, euthanasia performed by a physician) to competent patients who satisfy strictly defined criteria. Less than 2 years later, Quebec is considering extending MAiD to incompetent patients who made an advance request. With the objective of contributing scientific data to current societal debates, we conducted a survey among 471 informal caregivers of persons with dementia, reached through Alzheimer Societies...
December 27, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915075/responding-to-patient-requests-for-hastened-death-physician-aid-in-dying-and-the-clinical-oncologist
#8
Rebecca A Spence, Charles D Blanke, Thomas J Keating, Lynne P Taylor
Physician aid in dying (PAD) or assisted suicide is becoming legal in more US jurisdictions. Meanwhile, the needs of terminally ill patients with cancer are receiving greater attention, including the integration of palliative care into oncology practice. This article highlights a case vignette of a patient with advanced cancer who requests PAD from her oncologist, as a backdrop to help the practicing oncologist examine his or her moral stance regarding participation in aid in dying. The article concludes by offering a framework within which the practicing oncologist can receive and process a patient's request for PAD...
October 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876157/physician-aid-in-dying-caught-between-the-extremes
#9
Jeffery Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818632/the-views-of-clergy-regarding-ethical-controversies-in-care-at-the-end-of-life
#10
Michael J Balboni, Adam Sullivan, Patrick T Smith, Danish Zaidi, Christine Mitchell, James A Tulsky, Daniel P Sulmasy, Tyler J VanderWeele, Tracy A Balboni
CONTEXT: Although religion often informs ethical judgments, little is known about the views of American clergy regarding controversial end-of-life ethical issues including allowing to die and physician aid in dying or physician-assisted suicide (PAD/PAS). OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of U.S. clergy concerning allowing to die and PAD/PAS. METHODS: A survey was mailed to 1665 nationally representative clergy between 8/2014 to 3/2015 (60% response rate)...
January 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800276/enhancing-informed-consent-for-physician-aid-in-dying-potential-role-of-handout-on-possible-benefits-of-palliative-care
#11
Harry Peled, Kathleen E Bickel, Christina Puchalski
In the United States, physician aid in dying (PAD) is now legal in several states. However, neither a requirement for a palliative care (PC) consultation nor a defined education in PC exists for physicians participating in PAD or patients requesting assistance. Patients with advanced chronic and serious illness often experience complex physical, psychosocial, and spiritual distress. PC focuses on relieving this distress and improving patient quality of life through early identification and intervention in all domains of suffering, including physical, psychological, social, and spiritual...
October 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790077/the-pharmacist-and-medical-aid-in-dying
#12
Mark T Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790071/medical-aid-in-dying
#13
EDITORIAL
Daniel J Cobaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624976/are-concerns-about-irremediableness-vulnerability-or-competence-sufficient-to-justify-excluding-all-psychiatric-patients-from-medical-aid-in-dying
#14
William Rooney, Udo Schuklenk, Suzanne van de Vathorst
Some jurisdictions that have decriminalized assisted dying (like Canada) exclude psychiatric patients on the grounds that their condition cannot be determined to be irremediable, that they are vulnerable and in need of protection, or that they cannot be determined to be competent. We review each of these claims and find that none have been sufficiently well-supported to justify the differential treatment psychiatric patients experience with respect to assisted dying. We find bans on psychiatric patients' access to this service amount to arbitrary discrimination...
June 17, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592482/aid-in-dying-the-role-of-the-critical-care-nurse
#15
Judy E Davidson, Forrest G Hooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543648/making-the-choices-necessary-to-make-a-difference-the-responsibility-of-national-bioethics-commissions
#16
Christine Grady
In this essay, I offer some reflections on how the topics were identified and approached by the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, on which I had the honor to serve, in the hope that the reflections may be useful to future national bioethics commissions. In the executive order that established the bioethics commission, President Obama explicitly recognized the ethical imperative to responsibly pursue science, innovation, and advances in biomedical research and health care, and the importance of national attention to these issues...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542690/insurance-coverage-and-aid-in-dying-medication-costs-reply
#17
Veena Shankaran, Richard J LaFrance, Scott D Ramsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542674/insurance-coverage-and-aid-in-dying-medication-costs
#18
David Grube, Ashley Cardenas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325745/aid-in-dying-laws-and-the-physician-s-duty-to-inform
#19
Mara Buchbinder
On 19 July 2016, three medical organisations filed a federal lawsuit against representatives from several Vermont agencies over the Patient Choice and Control at End of Life Act. The law is similar to aid-in-dying (AID) laws in four other US states, but the lawsuit hinges on a distinctive aspect of Vermont's law pertaining to patients' rights to information. The lawsuit raises questions about whether, and under what circumstances, there is an ethical obligation to inform terminally ill patients about AID as an end-of-life option...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246153/medical-aid-in-dying-what-matters-most
#20
COMMENT
Peter Tanuseputro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
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