keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical guide

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786819/evaluation-of-pterygoid-plate-fractures-unrelated-to-le-fort-fractures-using-maxillofacial-computed-tomography
#1
Serra Özbal Güneş, Yeliz Aktürk, Esra Soyer Güldoğan
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the major pterygoid plate fractures (PPFs) patterns unrelated to Le Fort fractures (LFFs) using maxillofacial computed tomography (CT). METHODS: After obtaining our hospital ethics committee approval (37-05), data for PPF were acquired from the medical records of all the trauma patients who were diagnosed using CT at our hospital from April 2014 to April 2017. RESULTS: Of the 178 patients, 135 (male/female = 86/49; mean age = 37...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786588/-infectious-complications-of-prostate-biopsy
#2
Marcin Łykowski, Bartosz Dybowski, Sławomir Poletajew, Tomasz Piecha, Piotr Radziszewski
Prostate cancer is the second most common malignancy in men in Poland. Prostate biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis. Every year, the number of procedures is increasing, so knowledge of possible complications is becoming crucial. Over time, a continuous increase in infectious complications of prostate biopsy is observed, so it is important to identify risk factors and preventive methods. Antibiotic prophylaxis is mandatory for prostate biopsy. Simultaneously, complications after prostate biopsy affect as many as 90% of patients, including up to 17% of infective complications...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786534/-the-gynecological-pessary-is-it-really-a-device-of-another-age-a-fig-leaf
#3
E Nohuz, E Jouve, G Clement, B Jacquetin
OBJECTIVES: The use of pessary to put back up prolapsed organs to their normal position dates back prior to several millennia. This work aims to discuss its place in our clinical practice through an updated bibliographic review and emphasizes a hands-on approach to pessary fitting and management in terms of indication, pessary type selection, device' size, insertion, removal, follow-up visits and care. METHODS: A review of the literature, in the light of the latest publications and recommendations of French and international learned societies, as well as our own experience, were analyzed...
May 18, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786029/academics-anonymous-a-medical-student-s-12-step-guide-to-scholarly-productivity
#4
Nissi Wei, James A Bourgeois, Ana Hategan, Amin Azzam
An important aspect of academic medicine is publication in peer-reviewed journals and other media. Early scholarly productivity in medical school may jump-start a successful academic career. Topic choice, search methodology, writing strategies, mentorship, and collaboration are all fundamental to successful academic productivity. The authors reviewed the importance of instituting the germinal stages of scholarly productivity during medical training and created 12 steps for facilitating productive academic writing by students...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786026/sources-of-medical-student-stress
#5
Krishna Subhash Vyas, Terry D Stratton, Neelkamal S Soares
Background: Key elements in the clinical practice of prevention, health and wellness are best cultivated in medical professionals during undergraduate medical training. This study explores students' self-assessed stress relative to gender, academic expectations, and level of medical training to guide development of targeted wellness interventions. Methods: In early 2012, undergraduate (M1-M4) students in four Southeastern U.S. allopathic medical schools were surveyed about health-related attitudes and behaviors...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786019/measuring-situation-awareness-in-medical-education-objective-structured-clinical-examination-guides
#6
Margaret Frere, John Tepper, Markus Fischer, Kieran Kennedy, Thomas Kropmans
Background: Medical errors are among the most prevalent and serious adverse events in health care. Lack of situation awareness (SA) is an important factor leading to such errors. SA can be understood using Endsley's three-tier model: level 1 is perception, level 2 is comprehension, and level 3 is projection. While there is extensive literature on the theory of SA, it is difficult to measure and quantify. The purpose of this pilot study was to measure, identify, and characterize SA in some medical objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) guides, including a 1st year National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG) OSCE...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785878/five-year-outcomes-with-pci-guided-by-fractional-flow-reserve
#7
Panagiotis Xaplanteris, Stephane Fournier, Nico H J Pijls, William F Fearon, Emanuele Barbato, Pim A L Tonino, Thomas Engstrøm, Stefan Kääb, Jan-Henk Dambrink, Gilles Rioufol, Gabor G Toth, Zsolt Piroth, Nils Witt, Ole Fröbert, Petr Kala, Axel Linke, Nicola Jagic, Martin Mates, Kreton Mavromatis, Habib Samady, Anand Irimpen, Keith Oldroyd, Gianluca Campo, Martina Rothenbühler, Peter Jüni, Bernard De Bruyne
Background We hypothesized that fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) would be superior to medical therapy as initial treatment in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Methods Among 1220 patients with angiographically significant stenoses, those in whom at least one stenosis was hemodynamically significant (FFR, ≤0.80) were randomly assigned to FFR-guided PCI plus medical therapy or to medical therapy alone. Patients in whom all stenoses had an FFR of more than 0...
May 22, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785772/getting-the-picture-visual-interpretation-in-ophthalmology-residency-training
#8
Adam D Baim
OBJECTIVES: Visual interpretation is essential in many fields of health care. Although diagnostic competency can be measured as an educational outcome, few accounts have addressed tacit aspects of visual interpretation in clinical training; these include the disciplining of the trainee's attentions and the trainee's acculturation into expected styles of communicating visual interpretations to others. This paper describes values and dispositions that are taught to ophthalmology trainees as they learn to reason through visual information, and explores how these qualities are evaluated during residency training...
May 21, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784533/long-qt-syndrome-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature-and-current-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Syed Raza Shah, Ki Park
Long QT syndrome (LQT) represents a heterogeneous family of cardiac electrophysiologic disorders characterized by QT prolongation and T-wave abnormalities on the electrocardiogram. It is commonly associated with syncope, however, sudden cardiac death can occur due to torsades de pointes. LQT is a clinical diagnosis and should be suspected in individuals on the basis of clinical presentation, family history and electrocardiogram characteristics. Management is focused on the prevention of syncope and ultimately sudden death...
May 10, 2018: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784512/epidemiology-and-etiology-of-invasive-bacterial-infection-in-infants-%C3%A2-60-days-old-treated-in-emergency-departments
#10
Christopher Woll, Mark I Neuman, Christopher M Pruitt, Marie E Wang, Eugene D Shapiro, Samir S Shah, Russell J McCulloh, Lise E Nigrovic, Sanyukta Desai, Adrienne G DePorre, Rianna C Leazer, Richard D Marble, Fran Balamuth, Elana A Feldman, Laura F Sartori, Whitney L Browning, Paul L Aronson
OBJECTIVES: To help guide empiric treatment of infants ≤60 days old with suspected invasive bacterial infection by describing pathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibilities. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of infants ≤60 days old with invasive bacterial infection (bacteremia and/or bacterial meningitis) evaluated in the emergency departments of 11 children's hospitals between July 1, 2011 and June 30, 2016. Each site's microbiology laboratory database or electronic medical record system was queried to identify infants from whom a bacterial pathogen was isolated from either blood or cerebrospinal fluid...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783981/implementing-integrated-services-for-people-with-epilepsy-in-primary-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#11
Raquel Catalao, Tigist Eshetu, Ruth Tsigebrhan, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: In order to tackle the considerable treatment gap for epilepsy in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a task sharing model is recommended whereby care is integrated into primary health services. However, there are limited data on implementation and impact of such services in LMICs. Our study aimed to explore the perspectives of service users and caregivers on the accessibility, experience and perceived impact of epilepsy treatment received in a task-shared model in a rural district of Ethiopia...
May 21, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783009/antiplatelet-medication-reversal-strategies-in-operative-intracranial-hemorrhage-a-survey-of-practicing-neurosurgeons
#12
Paul M Foreman, Adeel Ilyas, James Mooney, Philip G R Schmalz, Beverly C Walters, Christoph J Griessenauer
OBJECTIVE: Antiplatelet therapy is common and complicates the operative management of acute intracranial hemorrhage. Little data exist to guide antiplatelet reversal strategies. METHODS: An online survey detailing antiplatelet reversal strategies in patients presenting with acute operative intracranial hemorrhage (subdural hematoma (SDH), epidural hematoma (EDH), and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) was distributed to board certified neurosurgeons in the North America...
May 18, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782209/practical-assessment-and-management-of-vulnerabilities-in-older-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-asco-guideline-for-geriatric-oncology
#13
Supriya G Mohile, William Dale, Mark R Somerfield, Mara A Schonberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Peggy S Burhenn, Beverly Canin, Harvey Jay Cohen, Holly M Holmes, Judith O Hopkins, Michelle C Janelsins, Alok A Khorana, Heidi D Klepin, Stuart M Lichtman, Karen M Mustian, William P Tew, Arti Hurria
Purpose To provide guidance regarding the practical assessment and management of vulnerabilities in older patients undergoing chemotherapy. Methods An Expert Panel was convened to develop clinical practice guideline recommendations based on a systematic review of the medical literature. Results A total of 68 studies met eligibility criteria and form the evidentiary basis for the recommendations. Recommendations In patients ≥ 65 years receiving chemotherapy, geriatric assessment (GA) should be used to identify vulnerabilities that are not routinely captured in oncology assessments...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781385/procalcitonin-guided-use-of-antibiotics-for-lower-respiratory-tract-infection
#14
David T Huang, Donald M Yealy, Michael R Filbin, Aaron M Brown, Chung-Chou H Chang, Yohei Doi, Michael W Donnino, Jonathan Fine, Michael J Fine, Michelle A Fischer, John M Holst, Peter C Hou, John A Kellum, Feras Khan, Michael C Kurz, Shahram Lotfipour, Frank LoVecchio, Octavia M Peck-Palmer, Francis Pike, Heather Prunty, Robert L Sherwin, Lauren Southerland, Thomas Terndrup, Lisa A Weissfeld, Jonathan Yabes, Derek C Angus
Background The effect of procalcitonin-guided use of antibiotics on treatment for suspected lower respiratory tract infection is unclear. Methods In 14 U.S. hospitals with high adherence to quality measures for the treatment of pneumonia, we provided guidance for clinicians about national clinical practice recommendations for the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections and the interpretation of procalcitonin assays. We then randomly assigned patients who presented to the emergency department with a suspected lower respiratory tract infection and for whom the treating physician was uncertain whether antibiotic therapy was indicated to one of two groups: the procalcitonin group, in which the treating clinicians were provided with real-time initial (and serial, if the patient was hospitalized) procalcitonin assay results and an antibiotic use guideline with graded recommendations based on four tiers of procalcitonin levels, or the usual-care group...
May 20, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#15
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781334/surgical-treatment-of-dystonia
#16
Rubens G Cury, Suneil K Kalia, Binit B Shah, Joohi Jimenez-Shahed, L K Prashanth, Elena Moro
Treatment of dystonia should be individualized and tailored to the specific needs of patients. Surgical treatment is an important option in medically refractory cases. Several issues regarding type of the surgical intervention, targets, and predict factors of benefit are still under debate. Areas covered: To date, several clinical trials have proven the benefit and safety of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for inherited and idiopathic isolated dystonia, whereas there is still insufficient evidence in combined and acquired dystonia...
May 21, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781180/identifying-predictive-behavioral-markers-a-demonstration-using-automatically-reinforced-self-injurious-behavior
#17
Louis P Hagopian, Griffin W Rooker, Gayane Yenokyan
Predictive biomarkers (PBioMs) are objective biological measures that predict response to medical treatments for diseases. The current study translates methods used in the field of precision medicine to identify PBioMs to identify parallel predictive behavioral markers (PBMs), defined as objective behavioral measures that predict response to treatment. We demonstrate the utility of this approach by examining the accuracy of two PBMs for automatically reinforced self-injurious behavior (ASIB). Results of the analysis indicated both functioned as good to excellent PBMs...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780899/perspectives-on-the-evolving-state-of-the-art-management-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumours
#18
REVIEW
Zoltan Szucs, Robin L Jones
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) represent a very exciting tumour entity for the medical oncologist. There has been extensive clinical and preclinical research dissecting the natural behaviour, molecular landscape and therapeutic responsiveness of this rare mesenchymal tumour. Various molecular subtypes of GIST have a differing prognostic and predictive relevance in the state of the art management of the disease. Emerging mature clinical trial data gathered over the last one and half decade provided substantial molecular profiling information in understanding the success and eventual failure of treatment...
2018: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779656/biosynthetic-insights-of-calyculin-and-misakinolide-type-compounds-in-candidatus-entotheonella-sp
#19
Agustinus R Uria, Jörn Piel, Toshiyuki Wakimoto
Microbial symbionts are recognized as the important sources of numerous sponge-derived metabolites with potent biological activities. The limitation to cultivate the majority of potential symbionts has hampered attempts to explore and exploit their natural products for further development toward medical applications. Metagenomics-guided approaches have enabled cloning of natural product biosynthesis genes from uncultured microbial symbionts. Subsequent activation of biosynthesis genes in easily culturable bacteria could lead to the sustainable production of rare sponge-derived compounds...
2018: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779316/-the-necessity-of-artificial-kidney-seeper-in-the-ultrasonography-guided-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
J J Ye, Y Yang, H J Zhang, Y C Zheng, Y Pan, H Xie
Objective: To investigate the necessity of artificial kidney seeper which made through inserting a ureteral tube in the ureter to the ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Methods: This was a randomized prospective study. Patients who conformed to the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled at Department of Urology, Frist Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2016 to May 2017. Totally 291 patients were included in the study. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups (artificial kidney seeper group and non-artificial kidney seeper group) in different kidney seeper level (5 to <10 mm, 10 to 20 mm) respectively...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
keyword
keyword
120774
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"