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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334519/the-most-common-causes-of-eye-pain-at-2-tertiary-ophthalmology-and-neurology-clinics
#1
Randy C Bowen, Jan N Koeppel, Chance D Christensen, Karisa B Snow, Junjie Ma, Bradley J Katz, Howard R Krauss, Klara Landau, Judith E A Warner, Alison V Crum, Dominik Straumann, Kathleen B Digre
BACKGROUND: Eye pain is a common complaint, but no previous studies have determined the most common causes of this presenting symptom. Our objective was to determine the most common causes of eye pain in 2 ophthalmology and neurology departments at academic medical centers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis and chart review at the departments of ophthalmology and neurology at the University Hospital Zurich (USZ), University of Zürich, Switzerland, and the University of Utah (UU), USA...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333870/the-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-for-persons-with-migraine-and-co-existing-tension-type-headache-and-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Lotte Skytte Krøll, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Mattias Linde, Gunvor Gard, Rigmor Højland Jensen
Aim To evaluate aerobic exercise in migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain. Methods Consecutively recruited persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain were randomized into an exercise group or control group. Aerobic exercise consisted of bike/cross-trainer/brisk walking for 45 minutes, three times/week. Controls continued usual daily activities. Pain frequency, intensity, and duration; physical fitness, level of physical activity, well-being and ability to engage in daily activities were assessed at baseline, after treatment and at follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331612/arterial-spin-labeling-cerebral-perfusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-migraine-aura-an-observational-study
#3
Marc E Wolf, Shuhei Okazaki, Philipp Eisele, Christina Rossmanith, Johannes Gregori, Martin Griebe, Matthias Günther, Achim Gass, Michael G Hennerici, Kristina Szabo, Rolf Kern
BACKGROUND: Changes in cerebral perfusion during migraine with aura (MA) have been assessed mainly using dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) magnetic resonance perfusion imaging. A contrast agent-free method to assess these changes would be desirable. We assessed changes in cerebral perfusion during MA using arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: We investigated 4 patients with a standardized protocol including ASL perfusion imaging during MA (n = 2) or early headache phase (n = 2) and asymptomatic follow-up...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329146/national-prevalence-and-effects-of-multiple-chemical-sensitivities
#4
Anne Steinemann
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS), its co-occurrence with asthma and fragrance sensitivity, and effects from exposure to fragranced consumer products. METHODS: A nationally representative cross-sectional population-based sample of adult Americans (n = 1,137) was surveyed in June 2016. RESULTS: Among the population, 12.8% report medically diagnosed MCS and 25.9% report chemical sensitivity. Of those with MCS, 86...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327844/migraine
#5
Andrew Charles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327843/migraine
#6
James T Langland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327224/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-headache-in-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-experience-from-a-tertiary-epilepsy-center
#7
Metin Dedei Daryan, Betül Tekin Güveli, Sezin Alpaydın Baslo, Kasım Mulhan, Hüseyin Sarı, Zeynep Ezgi Balçık, Dilek Ataklı
The comorbidity of headache and epilepsy is often seen in neurological practice. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, types of, and risk factors for headache in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). We assessed a total of 200 patients and 100 healthy controls in our study. Headache was classified in participants using a self-administered questionnaire. Demographical, clinical features and headache characteristics were recorded. Seizure and headache temporal profiles were noted. Headache was present in 111 (56%) patients and 50 (50%) healthy participants...
January 11, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326138/cerebellar-hypoperfusion-in-migraine-attack-incidence-and-significance
#8
F Kellner-Weldon, M El-Koussy, S Jung, M Jossen, P P Klinger-Gratz, R Wiest
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients diagnosed with migraine with aura have an increased lifetime risk of ischemic stroke. It is not yet clear whether prolonged cortical hypoperfusion during an aura increases the immediate risk of cerebellar infarction because it may induce crossed cerebellar diaschisis and subsequent tissue damage. To address this question, we retrospectively analyzed potential relationships between cortical oligemia and cerebellar hypoperfusion in patients with migraine with aura and their potential relation to small infarct-like cerebellar lesions...
January 11, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324819/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-visual-discomfort-scale
#9
Shu Imaizumi, Shinichi Koyama, Yoshihiko Tanno
BACKGROUND: Visual stimuli, such as stripes and texts, can induce "visual discomfort" including perceptual and somatic symptoms. Individuals reporting high levels of visual discomfort might experience migraine headache and may have reduced reading efficiency due to visual perceptual difficulties. This study aimed to develop and validate the Japanese version of the Visual Discomfort Scale, which measures proneness to visual discomfort. METHODS AND RESULTS: In Survey 1, 428 adults completed the Japanese version and a questionnaire assessing migraine morbidity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324067/mao-inhibitors-and-their-wider-applications-a-patent-review
#10
Simone Carradori, Daniela Secci, Jacques P Petzer
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, after the initial "golden age", are currently used as third-line antidepressants (selective MAO-A inhibitors) or clinically enrolled as co-adjuvants for neurodegenerative diseases (selective MAO-B inhibitors). However, the research within this field is always increasing due to their pivotal role in modulating synaptic functions and monoamines metabolism. Areas covered: In this paper, MAO inhibitors (2015-2017) are disclosed ordering all the patents according to their chemical scaffold...
January 11, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323926/investigating-effects-of-sex-differences-and-prior-concussions-on-symptom-reporting-and-cognition-among-adolescent-soccer-players
#11
Brian L Brooks, Noah Silverberg, Bruce Maxwell, Rebekah Mannix, Ross Zafonte, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing concern regarding the possible effect of multiple concussions on the developing brain, especially for adolescent females. Hypothesis/Purpose: The objectives were to determine if there are differences in cognitive functioning, symptom reporting, and/or sex effects from prior concussions. In a very large sample of youth soccer players, it was hypothesized that (1) there would be no differences in cognitive test performance between those with and without prior concussions, (2) baseline preseason symptoms would be better predicted by noninjury factors than concussion history, and (3) males and females with prior concussions would not have differences in cognition or symptoms...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322494/common-primary-and-secondary-causes-of-headache-in-the-elderly
#12
Tara L Sharma
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Headache in the elderly, defined as individuals aged 65 and older, although less prevalent than younger individuals, can present as a diagnostic challenge, given the increase in potentially fatal diseases within this population. METHODS: These individuals require a complete history, neurological examination, and assessment of potential secondary causes of headaches. RESULTS: Secondary causes include temporal or giant cell arteritis, subdural hematomas, central nervous system (CNS) tumors, strokes, and CNS infections...
January 11, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322264/cerebral-gray-matter-volume-in-patients-with-chronic-migraine-correlations-with-clinical-features
#13
Gianluca Coppola, Barbara Petolicchio, Antonio Di Renzo, Emanuele Tinelli, Cherubino Di Lorenzo, Vincenzo Parisi, Mariano Serrao, Valentina Calistri, Stefano Tardioli, Gaia Cartocci, Anna Ambrosini, Francesca Caramia, Vittorio Di Piero, Francesco Pierelli
BACKGROUND: To date, few MRI studies have been performed in patients affected by chronic migraine (CM), especially in those without medication overuse. Here, we performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analyses to investigate the gray matter (GM) volume of the whole brain in patients affected by CM. Our aim was to investigate whether fluctuations in the GM volumes were related to the clinical features of CM. METHODS: Twenty untreated patients with CM without a past medical history of medication overuse underwent 3-Tesla MRI scans and were compared to a group of 20 healthy controls (HCs)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322261/the-journey-from-genetic-predisposition-to-medication-overuse-headache-to-its-acquisition-as-sequela-of-chronic-migraine
#14
EDITORIAL
Paolo Martelletti
Migraine remains one of the biggest clinical case to be solved among the non-communicable diseases, second to low back pain for disability caused as reported by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Despite this, its genetics roots are still unknown. Its evolution in chronic forms hits 2-4% of the population and causes a form so far defined Medication Overuse Headache (MOH), whose pathophysiological basis have not been explained by many dedicated studies. The Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 has not recognized MOH as independent entity, but as a sequela of Chronic Migraine...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321699/the-association-between-childhood-traumatic-events-and-headache-related-parameters-in-patients-with-migraine-a-cross-sectional-study-in-turkish-population
#15
Esra Özdil Demiryürek, Bekir Enes Demiryürek, Atilla Tekin, Yeşim Güzey Aras, Belma Doğan Güngen, Sebatiye Erdoğan
Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between childhood traumatic events and headache-related clinical parameters in migraine patients. Methods: 95 patients diagnosed with migraine and 50 healthy controls were included in the study. A socio-demographic form, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were completed by all participants. Additionally, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Migraine Disability Assessment Test (MIDAS) were applied to migraine patients...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319611/comparison-of-somatosensory-cortex-excitability-between-migraine-and-strict-criteria-tension-type-headache-a-magnetoencephalographic-study
#16
Wei-Ta Chen, Fu-Jung Hsiao, Yu-Chieh Ko, Hung-Yu Liu, Pei-Ning Wang, Jong-Ling Fuh, Yung-Yang Lin, Shuu-Jiun Wang
Tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine are both common types of headaches. Despite distinct symptoms, TTH and migraine are highly comorbid and exhibit many clinical similarities. This study enrolled consecutive patients with TTH and age- and sex-matched patients with migraine and healthy controls to investigate whether TTH and migraine are similar in brain excitability change assessed by magnetoencephalography. Patients with TTH were excluded if they reported any headache features or associated symptoms of migraine...
January 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318857/-effect-of-electroacupuncture-on-expression-of-5-ht7-receptor-in-periaqueductal-gray-and-plasma-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-in-migraine-rats
#17
Pei Pei, Huai-Zhen Chen, Yan-Xin Wang, Wen-Ming Yang, Lu Liu, Lin-Peng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture(EA)by modulating 5-hydroxytryptamine 7 (5-HT7) receptor in periaqueductal gray (PAG) and plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). METHODS: Forty-two male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control,model and EA groups, 14 rat in each one. The neurogenic migraine model was established by repeated electrical stimulation on sagittal sinus duramater. Intracranial electrodes were used in the control group without stimuli...
December 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318645/endometriosis-increased-the-risk-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis-a-population-based-study
#18
Chia-Chang Wu, Shiu-Dong Chung, Herng-Ching Lin
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested an association between bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) and endometriosis. However, no nation-wide population study has yet reported an association between them. In this study, we examined the risk of BPS/IC among subjects with endometriosis during a 3-year follow-up in Taiwan using a population-based dataset. STUDY DESIGN: This study comprised 9191 subjects with endometriosis, and 27 573 subjects randomly selected as controls...
January 10, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317957/prevalence-of-migraine-headache-in-taif-city-saudi-arabia
#19
Ziyad Atiah Almalki, Mohammed Abdullah Ghramah Alzhrani, Asmaa Turki Altowairqi, Yara Abdulaziz Aljawi, Sarah Abdulaziz Fallatah, Luai Mohammed Assaedi, Mohammed Abdulaziz Aljawi, Sadeem Adnan Alqusair
Background: Migraine is a public health problem and it is the third most common cause of disability among individuals below the age of 50. In spite of the multiplicity of the studies concerned with exploring the disease epidemiology and nature worldwide, data from Saudi Arabia are lacking. The aim of this study was to study the prevalence of migraine in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 354 individuals in Taif city. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire including demographic variables, clinical variables, and therapeutic variables...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317063/trigeminal-long-term-potentiation-as-a-cellular-substrate-for-migraine
#20
Dong-Ho Youn
Most previous studies suggest that the subnucleus caudalis (Vc) of spinal trigeminal nucleus (Vsp) plays a key role in the generation and maintenance of migraine, a type of primary headache, by participating in the trigeminovascular system. Furthermore, the excitability of the Vc with the stimulation of the peripheral nociceptive fibers innervating the intracranial vessels or dura matter is regarded as a main cellular substrate for migraine. Here, a revised hypothesis is introduced, reinforcing the previous hypothesis and complementing it...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
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