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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675432/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-eastern-and-southeastern-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Cong Luat Nguyen, Ngoc Minh Pham, Colin W Binns, Dat Van Duong, Andy H Lee
Aim: To review the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Eastern and Southeastern Asia. Methods: We systematically searched for observational studies on GDM prevalence from January 2000 to December 2016. Inclusion criteria were original English papers, with full texts published in peer-reviewed journals. The quality of included studies was evaluated using the guidelines of the National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia. Fixed effects and random effects models were used to estimate the summary prevalence of GDM and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670384/screening-and-management-of-gestational-diabetes-in-mexico-results-from-a-survey-of-multilocation-multi-health-care-institution-practitioners
#2
Livia Dainelli, Alberto Prieto-Patron, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Sandra G Sosa-Rubi, Salvador Espino Y Sosa, Enrique Reyes-Muñoz, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Patrick Detzel
Purpose: To identify the most common practices implemented for the screening and treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to estimate the GDM clinician-reported proportion as a proxy of the incidence in Mexico. Materials and methods: Three hundred fifty-seven physicians in four major cities were asked about their practices regarding GDM screening, treatment, clinical exams, and health care staff involved in case of GDM diagnosis, as well as the percentage of women with GDM they care for...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669736/a-tailored-letter-based-on-electronic-health-record-data-improves-gestational-weight-gain-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-the-gestational-diabetes-effects-on-moms-gem-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Monique M Hedderson, Susan D Brown, Samantha F Ehrlich, Ai-Lin Tsai, Yeyi Zhu, Charles P Quesenberry, Yvonne Crites, Assiamira Ferrara
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate whether a tailored letter improved gestational weight gain (GWG) and whether GWG mediated a multicomponent intervention's effect on postpartum weight retention among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial of 44 medical facilities ( n = 2,014 women) randomized to usual care or a multicomponent lifestyle intervention delivered during pregnancy (tailored letter) and postpartum (13 telephone sessions) to reduce postpartum weight retention...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667703/diagnosis-and-management-practices-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-australia-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-multidisciplinary-team
#4
Nina Meloncelli, Adrian Barnett, Fiona Pelly, Susan de Jersey
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common pregnancy disorders; however, if well managed, women with GDM experience similar pregnancy outcomes to those without. Currently, there is limited evidence on actual management practices across Australia or how multidisciplinary teams interact to optimise care. AIMS: To examine the current screening, diagnostic, task and role perceptions and management practices, as reported by members of the GDM multidisciplinary team...
April 18, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666033/antidiabetics-usage-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-are-prescribing-guidelines-adhered-to-a-single-centre-study
#5
Viviane Khalil, Christy Sajan, Tiffany Tsai, David Ma
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to examine the prescribing patterns of antidiabetic agents (AA) in this hospital according to current prescribing contraindications (PCI). The secondary aims are to assess factors affecting the prescribing of AA and to evaluate the pharmacist impact on their prescribing. METHOD: A retrospective cross sectional study was performed to review all prescribed AA over a 3 month period. Data extracted from medical records included: patients' demographics, management and pharmacists' interventions...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665584/-is-there-an-association-between-dmp-enrollment-and-disability-pension-in-rehabilitants-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Christian Schmidt, Bernd Hagen, Jens Baumert, Thomas Ziese
Efficacy of treatment of working-age patients with diabetes mellitus can be increased by rehabilitative measures. This treatment option is explicitly mentioned in the guidelines of the disease management program (DMP) for type 2 diabetes (T2D). With research data from the pension insurance fund, it is shown that for rehabilitation patients with T2D and DMP enrolment, the chance of disability pension is 23% lower than without DMP enrolment, irrespective of relevant covariates.
April 17, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662887/characteristics-of-heat-illness-during-hajj-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Doaa A Abdelmoety, Nahid K El-Bakri, Wedian O Almowalld, Zyad A Turkistani, Bassam H Bugis, Eshraq A Baseif, Mohamed H Melbari, Khaled AlHarbi, Amani Abu-Shaheen
Introduction: Data regarding the characteristics and outcomes of heat illness are lacking in the literature. The present study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics, morbidity, management, and mortality associated with heat illness among Hajj participants. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the Hajj in 2016 on patients who presented to emergency departments and were diagnosed with heat exhaustion or heatstroke. Data were collected using a structured collection sheet developed based on the literature...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659605/chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-global-adult-hiv-infected-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Udeme E Ekrikpo, Andre P Kengne, Aminu K Bello, Emmanuel E Effa, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Babatunde L Salako, Brian L Rayner, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Ikechi G Okpechi
INTRODUCTION: The widespread use of antiretroviral therapies (ART) has increased life expectancy in HIV patients, predisposing them to chronic non-communicable diseases including Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO registration number CRD42016036246) to determine the global and regional prevalence of CKD in HIV patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO and AJOL for articles published between January 1982 and May 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652881/the-simultaneous-assessment-of-glycosylated-hemoglobin-fasting-plasma-glucose-and-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-does-not-improve-the-detection-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-colombian-adults
#9
Jose Lopez-Lopez, Jennifer Garay, Edwin Wandurraga, Paul A Camacho, Fernando Higuera-Escalante, Daniel Cohen, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
INTRODUCTION: Guidelines recommend early detection of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the capacity to identify DM2 in subjects that were screened for DM2 simultaneously with all three of the tests recommended-fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and a 2-hour post 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHODS AND RESULTS: The present analysis of an anonymous database of 1113 adults from a reference clinical laboratory in Bucaramanga, Colombia, was an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional secondary source study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625913/what-is-the-association-between-social-capital-and-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Cristina Rabelo Flôr, Nayara Ragi Baldoni, Jéssica Azevedo Aquino, André Oliveira Baldoni, Amaury Lelis Dal Fabbro, Roberta Carvalho Figueiredo, Cláudia Di Lorenzo Oliveira
Social capital has been included as an element that could influence the self-perception of health, mortality and mental diseases. We systematically reviewed papers that studied the influence of social capital in the control of diabetes mellitus (DM). We included studies published up to Feb. 16, 2017, without restriction of time or year of publication. Quantitative studies were included since they presented one well-defined parameter to evaluate DM and specifically measured social capital. We used the PRISMA and STROBE guidelines to perform this review and to evaluate the quality of papers...
March 27, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623219/management-strategies-for-posttransplant-diabetes-mellitus-after-heart-transplantation-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Matthew G Cehic, Nishant Nundall, Jerry R Greenfield, Peter S Macdonald
Posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a well-recognized complication of heart transplantation and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have yielded wide ranging estimates in the incidence of PTDM due in part to variable definitions applied. In addition, there is a limited published data on the management of PTDM after heart transplantation and a paucity of studies examining the effects of newer classes of hypoglycaemic drug therapies. In this review, we discuss the role of established glucose-lowering therapies and the rationale and emerging clinical evidence that supports the role of incretin-based therapies (glucagon like peptide- (GLP-) 1 agonists and dipeptidyl peptidase- (DPP-) 4 inhibitors) and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in the management of PTDM after heart transplantation...
2018: Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623016/evaluation-of-diabetes-care-management-in-primary-clinics-based-on-the-guidelines-of-american-diabetes-association
#12
Ahmed Ismail Albarrak, Rafiuddin Mohammed, Bushra Assery, Dalya Allam, Sarah Al Morit, Reem Al Saleh, Reem Zare'a
Objective: There is a rapid increase in the incidence of diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia. Diabetes management is an essential constituent to prevent prognosis of diabetes complications. The main objective of this study was to assess diabetes care in primary clinics based on the guidelines of American Diabetes Association (ADA). Methods: A retrospective study at King Khaled University Hospitals, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 200 patients were randomly selected from the databases of primary care clinics...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618598/routine-assessment-and-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-healthcare-settings-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#13
REVIEW
Felipe Lobelo, Deborah Rohm Young, Robert Sallis, Michael D Garber, Sandra A Billinger, John Duperly, Adrian Hutber, Russell R Pate, Randal J Thomas, Michael E Widlansky, Michael V McConnell, Elizabeth A Joy
Physical inactivity is one of the most prevalent major health risk factors, with 8 in 10 US adults not meeting aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines, and is associated with a high burden of cardiovascular disease. Improving and maintaining recommended levels of physical activity leads to reductions in metabolic, hemodynamic, functional, body composition, and epigenetic risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases. Physical activity also has a significant role, in many cases comparable or superior to drug interventions, in the prevention and management of >40 conditions such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, depression, Alzheimer disease, and arthritis...
April 4, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611219/association-between-periodontal-disease-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Ashok Kumar, Deepika S Sharma, Mahesh Verma, Arundeep Kaur Lamba, Madhavi M Gupta, Shashi Sharma, Vanamail Perumal
AIM: The present study aims to determine the association between periodontal disease and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and the effect of this association on pregnancy outcome in North Indian population. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 584 primigravidae were recruited at 12-14 weeks of gestation. Their periodontal examination was done along with 75g oral glucose load test at the time of recruitment. GDM was diagnosed as per the DIPSI (The Diabetes in Pregnancy Study group India) guidelines (≥140mg/dL)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611155/managing-the-diabetic-foot-ulcer-how-best-practices-fit-the-real-2018-united-states
#15
Nicole Ilonzo, Munir Patel, John C Lantis
Diabetes Mellitus is a serious systemic illness that has an epidemic-like increasing prevalence in the United States, as well as the rest of the world. With the increasing number of people with diabetes comes the higher incidence of diabetes-related complications. One of these known complications, diabetic foot ulcers (DFU), has an estimated lifetime incidence of 15% in diabetics. Having a DFU increases the risk of infection, amputation, and even death, which is why prompt treatment and surveillance of such ulcers is imperative...
March 29, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607048/mexican-american-and-south-asian-population-based-cohorts-reveal-high-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-and-crucial-differences-in-metabolic-phenotypes
#16
Gordon P Watt, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Mohammad H Rahbar, Joseph B McCormick, Miryoung Lee, Audrey C Choh, Sadagopan Thanikachalam, Mohan Thanikachalam
Objective: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes varies by region and ancestry. However, most guidelines for the prevention of diabetes mellitus (DM) are based on European or non-Hispanic white populations. Two ethnic minority populations-Mexican Americans (MAs) in Texas, USA, and South Indians (SIs) in Tamil Nadu, India-have an increasing prevalence of DM. We aimed to understand the metabolic correlates of DM in these populations to improve risk stratification and DM prevention. Research design and methods: The Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (CCHC; n=3023) served as the MA sample, and the Population Study of Urban, Rural, and Semi-Urban Regions for the Detection of Endovascular Disease (PURSE; n=8080) served as the SI sample...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602844/impact-of-gestational-weight-gain-and-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-on-the-prevalence-of-large-for-gestational-age-infants-in-two-cohorts-of-women-with-type-1-insulin-dependent-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#17
Ketrell L McWhorter, Katherine Bowers, Lawrence M Dolan, Ranjan Deka, Chandra L Jackson, Jane C Khoury
OBJECTIVES: Despite improvements in treatment modalities, large-for-gestational age (LGA) prevalence has remained between 30% and 40% among infants of mothers with type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (TIDM). Our objective was to estimate LGA prevalence and examine the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) with LGA among mothers with TIDM. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Regional data in Cincinnati, Ohio, from the Diabetes in Pregnancy Program Project (PPG), a prospective cohort for the period 1978-1993; national data from Consortium on Safe Labor (CSL), a multicentre cross-sectional study for the period 2002-2008...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602407/nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-hypertension-in-the-adult-population-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
REVIEW
Patricia Urrico
This review discusses nonpharmacological interventions for the management of hypertension in people with diabetes. Interventions that focus on controlling weight, reducing salt intake, eating according to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension guidelines, partaking in regular physical activity, ceasing smoking and self-measuring of blood pressure can lower blood pressure in the population with diabetes. Other positive outcomes resulting from these lifestyle changes are improved glycemia levels and cardiac function and reduction in overall cardiovascular risk...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584742/patient-and-physician-characteristics-affect-adherence-to-screening-mammography-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Daniela Katz, Angela J Tengekyon, Natan R Kahan, Ronit Calderon-Margalit
BACKGROUND: Screening mammograms are widely recommended biennially for women between the ages of 50 and 74. Despite the benefits of screening mammograms, full adherence to recommendations falls below 75% in most developed countries. Many studies have identified individual (obesity, smoking, socio-economic status, and co-morbid conditions) and primary-care physician parameters (physician age, gender, clinic size and cost) that influence adherence, but little data exists from large population studies regarding the interaction of these individual factors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582816/prevalence-progression-and-outcomes-of-diabetic-retinopathy-during-pregnancy-in-indian-scenario
#20
Tarjani Makwana, Brijesh Takkar, Pradeep Venkatesh, Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Yashdeep Gupta, Rohan Chawla, Rajpal Vohra, Alka Kriplani, Nikhil Tandon
Purpose: The objective of this study is to evaluate pattern of diabetic retinopathy (DR) during pregnancy in females with pregestational diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: This is an ambispective observational cohort study conducted at an Indian tertiary care centre. A total of 50 pregnant females with pregestational DM were included while those with gestational DM were excluded from the study. Ocular examination (inclusive of fundus photography) was conducted and systemic parameters (inclusive of Glycated hemoglobin) were assessed during each of the 3 trimesters and 3 months postpartum...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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