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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294568/-risk-and-related-factors-on-metabolic-syndrome-among-people-who-had-received-screening-on-physical-check-up-programs-in-china
#1
H Y Zhao, J Yang, F Sun, X H Yang, Z R Yang, S F Wang, S Y Zhan
Objective: To explore the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MS) by using the data from cohorts involving people having received screening programs for physical check-up, in three areas of China (Beijing, Hongkong and Taiwan). Methods: A total number of 6 828 nonmetabolic syndromic adults, who received physical examination for the first time and with records kept for longer than 5 years (between 2004 and 2010) at the MJ centers, were recruited. Criteria developed by the Joint Committee for Developing Chinese Guidelines on Prevention and Treatment of Dyslipidemia in Chinese Adults in 2007 (JCDCG-2007) was used for defining the metabolic syndrome...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277495/clinical-pharmacist-understanding-of-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guideline
#2
John D Bucheit, Haleigh Helsing, Pramit Nadpara, Salim S Virani, Dave L Dixon
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacists are frequently involved in the management of dyslipidemia, yet clinical pharmacists' knowledge, awareness, and the level of agreement with the 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) cholesterol guideline are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine clinical pharmacists' knowledge, awareness, and the level of agreement with the 2013 ACC/AHA cholesterol guideline. METHODS: We administered a validated questionnaire via an online survey that was electronically mailed to clinical pharmacists...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260404/new-treatment-options-for-lipid-lowering-therapy-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Roberto Scicali, Antonino Di Pino, Viviana Ferrara, Francesca Urbano, Salvatore Piro, Agata Maria Rabuazzo, Francesco Purrello
Dyslipidemias represent a variety of quantitative and/or qualitative lipoprotein abnormalities. According to etiology, we distinguish primary dyslipidemias with strictly genetic background and secondary ones with their origin in other disease or pathological states. Diabetic dyslipidemia is a type of secondary dyslipidemia and plays an important role in determining the cardiovascular risk of subjects with type 2 diabetes. In these patients, insulin resistance is responsible for overproduction and secretion of atherogenic very low density lipoprotein...
December 19, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242846/high-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-among-primary-care-patients-with-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-jamaica
#4
Michelle A Harris, Trevor S Ferguson, Michael S Boyne, J Peter Figueroa
Introduction: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia among primary care patients with hypertension and diabetes in Jamaica and the proportion of patients who achieve recommended targets. Material and methods: An audit of 500 dockets of adult patients with chronic disease attending public primary care clinics in Jamaica was conducted between October and December 2013. Data were collected on patient characteristics including medical history, medications, anthropometry, and lipid profiles (since January 1, 2011)...
2017: Archives of Medical Sciences. Atherosclerotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217675/ten-year-mortality-in-the-wise-study-women-s-ischemia-syndrome-evaluation
#5
Tanya S Kenkre, Pankaj Malhotra, B Delia Johnson, Eileen M Handberg, Diane V Thompson, Oscar C Marroquin, William J Rogers, Carl J Pepine, C Noel Bairey Merz, Sheryl F Kelsey
BACKGROUND: The WISE study (Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation) was a prospective cohort study of 936 clinically stable symptomatic women who underwent coronary angiography to evaluate symptoms and signs of ischemia. Long-term mortality data for such women are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: Obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined as ≥50% stenosis on angiography by core laboratory. We conducted a National Death Index search to assess the mortality of women who were alive at their final WISE contact date...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211592/quality-of-diabetes-care-for-individuals-with-comorbid-chronic-psychotic-illness-a-sex-based-analysis
#6
Lucy Church Barker, Paul Kurdyak, Binu Jacob, Simone N Vigod
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is common among individuals with chronic psychotic illness, yet they receive lower quality of diabetes care than those without psychosis. Men usually receive higher quality diabetes care than women, but whether this holds true in chronic psychotic illness populations is unknown. We aimed to determine whether quality of diabetes care differs between men and women with chronic psychotic illness. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used Ontario health administrative data to compare women and men with comorbid chronic psychotic illness and diabetes mellitus (2011-2013)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209473/correlation-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-with-central-obesity-and-multiple-body-mass-index-in-korea
#7
Bora Yoo, Hosuk Nam, In Cheol Hwang, Youngmin Park
Background: Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) are associated with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of CV risk factors by cross-tabulating central obesity with multiple BMI categories in Korea. Methods: A total of 328,789 adults aged 30-84 years who completed health assessments for National Health Insurance in 2012-2013 in Korea were examined. The participants were divided into two WC and five BMI groups to investigate CV risk factors, including metabolic syndrome (MetS), hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192802/adhering-to-the-principles-of-clinical-pharmacology-the-correct-fixed-combinations-of-antihypertensive-drugs
#8
Paulina Lopatowska, Elzbieta Mlodawska, Anna Tomaszuk-Kazberuk, Maciej Banach, Jolanta Malyszko
Hypertension is one of the primary modifiable risk factor for cardiac and renal diseases with the prevalence around 30-45% of the general population, with a steep increase with ageing. The administration of blood pressure-lowering drugs is to reduce the risk of major clinical cardiovascular outcomes. Hypertension guidelines recommend combination therapy in patients with high cardiovascular risk and with subclinical organ damage as well as when monotherapy fails. Areas covered: As the etiology of essential hypertension is multifactorial, combination therapy using different classes of antihypertensive agents have greater effect than each on its own (synergistic effect), may have better tolerability (two components minimizing each other's side effects) and lead to improved patient compliance...
December 6, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191431/epidemiological-characteristics-of-lower-extremity-arterial-disease-in-chinese-diabetes-patients-at-high-risk-a-prospective-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#9
Xiaomei Zhang, Xingwu Ran, Zhangrong Xu, Zhifeng Cheng, Feixia Shen, Yanmei Yu, Lin Gao, Sanbo Chai, Changjiang Wang, Jianying Liu, Jing Liu, Zilin Sun, Jiajun Zhao, Linong Ji
AIMS: To determine the epidemiological characteristics of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) in high-risk patients and identify practical gaps in LEAD management. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consecutively enrolled 10681 patients with type 2 diabetes from 30 hospitals across China from June 2016 to January 2017. All patients were assessed for LEAD by the Ankle-Brachial Index in conjunction with lower limb ultrasonography according to local guidelines...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191193/adequacy-of-control-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-ambulatory-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-attending-diabetes-out-patients-clinic-at-a-county-hospital-kenya
#10
Mercy W Kimando, Frederick C F Otieno, Elijah N Ogola, Kenn Mutai
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is associated with substantial cardiovascular morbidity and mortality arising from the high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidaemia, obesity, poor glycaemic control and albuminuria. Adequacy of control of these risk factors determines the frequency and outcome of cardiovascular events in the patients. Current clinical practice guidelines emphasize primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes. There is scarce data from the developing countries, Kenya included, on clinical care of patients with type 2 diabetes in the regions that are far away from tertiary health facilities...
December 1, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180296/universal-lipid-screening-in-9-11-year-olds-before-and-after-2011-guidelines
#11
Nicole L Mihalopoulos, Carole Stipelman, Joni Hemond, Laura L Brown, Paul C Young
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the 2011 guidelines for universal routine screening for dyslipidemia in children aged 9 to 11 years, published by the Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, are being followed by pediatric primary care providers. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data were obtained for 63,951 well-child visits (WCV) in children aged 9 to 11 years from two health care systems and one insurance program from 2009 to 2015...
November 24, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163725/2016-guidelines-for-the-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults-by-pharmacists
#12
Ricky D Turgeon, Todd J Anderson, Jean Grégoire, Glen J Pearson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162357/2017-guidelines-for-the-management-of-arterial-hypertension-in-primary-health-care-in-portuguese-speaking-countries
#13
Gláucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira, Miguel Mendes, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar Malachias, João Morais, Osni Moreira Filho, Armando Serra Coelho, Daniel Pires Capingana, Vanda Azevedo, Irenita Soares, Alda Menete, Beatriz Ferreira, Miryan Bandeira Dos Prazeres Cassandra Soares, Mário Fernandes
The World Health Organization goal's to reduce mortality due to chronic non-communicable diseases by 2% per year demands a huge effort from member countries. This challenge for health professionals requires global political action on implementation of social measures, with cost-effective population interventions to reduce chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Systemic arterial hypertension is highly prevalent in Portuguese-speaking countries, and is a major risk factor for complications such as stroke, acute myocardial infarction and chronic kidney disease, rivaling dyslipidemia and obesity in importance for the development of atherosclerotic disease...
November 18, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138182/disparities-in-the-quality-of-cardiovascular-care-between-hiv-infected-versus-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Joseph A Ladapo, Adam K Richards, Cassandra M DeWitt, Nina T Harawa, Steven Shoptaw, William E Cunningham, John N Mafi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with HIV. We compared use of national guideline-recommended cardiovascular care during office visits among HIV-infected versus HIV-uninfected adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients aged 40 to 79 years in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2006 to 2013...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108191/-an-interpretation-of-the-aasld-practice-guideline-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-2017
#15
Y M Nan, N Fu, W C Li, L L Kong, X W Yuan, S Y Zhang, L D Liu, Y Lu, L Y Cui
The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) updated and published the Practice Guidance for the Diagnosis and Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) in July 2017, which provides recommendations for the accurate diagnosis, treatment, and effective prevention of NAFLD. Related metabolic diseases should be considered during the initial evaluation of patients suspected of NAFLD. Noninvasive diagnostic techniques including transient elastography, magnetic resonance elastography, and serum biochemical models should be used to evaluate the development and progression of liver fibrosis in patients with NAFLD...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096835/rationale-and-design-of-multiselect-a-european-multicenter-study-on-the-effect-of-lipoprotein-a-elimination-by-lipoprotein-apheresis-on-cardiovascular-outcomes
#16
Bernd Hohenstein, Ulrich Julius, Peter Lansberg, Beate Jaeger, Klaus-Peter Mellwig, Norbert Weiss, Xina Graehlert, Ingo Roeder, Wolfgang Ramlow
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is a well-known risk factor for atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). While low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is well-established and taken into consideration for risk management and therapy, lipoprotein(a) is another established CVD risk factor frequently not undergoing screening due to a lack of medical treatment options. For patients suffering from CVD due to massive elevation of Lp(a) in presence of normal LDL-C levels, lipoprotein apheresis is the only available treatment option...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096615/control-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-its-determinants-in-the-general-population-findings-from-the-staab-cohort-study
#17
Theresa Tiffe, Martin Wagner, Viktoria Rücker, Caroline Morbach, Götz Gelbrich, Stefan Störk, Peter U Heuschmann
BACKGROUND: While data from primary care suggest an insufficient control of vascular risk factors, little is known about vascular risk factor control in the general population. We therefore aimed to investigate the adoption of adequate risk factor control and its determinants in the general population free of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Data from the Characteristics and Course of Heart Failure Stages A-B and Determinants of Progression (STAAB) Cohort Study, a population-based study of inhabitants aged 30 to 79 years from the general population of Würzburg (Germany), were used...
November 2, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077762/awareness-treatment-and-control-of-dyslipidemia-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-indepth-community-in-south-africa-study
#18
Sheridan Reiger, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Nigel J Crowther, Alisha Wade, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
Dyslipidemia is a primary driver for chronic cardiovascular conditions and there is no comprehensive literature about its management in South Africa. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia in rural South Africa and how they are impacted by different behaviors and non-modifiable factors. To fulfill this objective we recruited for this cohort study adults aged ≥40 years residing in the Agincourt sub-district of Mpumalanga Province. Data collection included socioeconomic and clinical data, anthropometric measures, blood pressure (BP), HIV-status, point-of-care glucose and lipid levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075168/postprandial-dyslipidemia-pathophysiology-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-assessment
#19
Victoria Higgins, Khosrow Adeli
Although the fed state predominates over the course of a day, the fasting lipid profile has traditionally been used to assess cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The nonfasting lipid profile may be more reflective of the daily circulating plasma lipids and simplifies lipid monitoring for patients, laboratories, and clinicians. Nonfasting triglyceride levels are also independently associated with cardiovascular events, leading to several clinical guidelines (e.g. in Denmark, the UK, Europe, and Canada) now recommending nonfasting lipid testing in the primary prevention setting...
October 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063058/new-guidelines-and-evidence-for-prevention-and-treatment-of%C3%A2-dyslipidemia-and-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in%C3%A2-china
#20
EDITORIAL
Da-Yi Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2017: Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine
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