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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076604/quality-program-what-influences-the-opinion-of-nursing-team
#1
Fernanda Mazzoni da Costa, Irene Duarte Souza, Maria Inês Monteiro, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes, Rosangela Maria Greco
Objective: To analyze the major impact variables in the opinion of nursing staff about the Quality Program of a teaching hospital. Methods: An exploratory-descriptive study was performed with 72 nursing staff. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaire containing 24 statements about the Quality Program; and the degree of agreement of the participants was expressed in a Likert scale. The collected data were analyzed by factor analysis and Pearson's correlation coefficient...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068160/prediction-of-injuries-and-injury-types-in-army-basic-training-infantry-armor-and-cavalry-trainees-using-a-common-fitness-screen
#2
JoEllen M Sefton, K R Lohse, J S McAdam
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs) are among the most important challenges facing our military. They influence career success and directly affect military readiness. Several methods of screening initial entry training (IET) soldiers are being tested in an effort to predict which soldiers will sustain an MSI and to develop injury-prevention programs. The Army 1-1-1 Fitness Assessment was examined to determine if it could be used as a screening and MSI prediction mechanism in male IET soldiers...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051128/electroacupuncture-treatment-partly-promotes-the-recovery-time-of-postoperative-ileus-by-activating-the-vagus-nerve-but-not-regulating-local-inflammation
#3
Jun-Fan Fang, Jian-Qiao Fang, Xiao-Mei Shao, Jun-Ying Du, Yi Liang, Wen Wang, Zhe Liu
Postoperative ileus (POI) after abdominal surgery significantly lowers the life quality of patients and increase hospital costs. However, few treatment strategies have successfully shortened the duration of POI. Electroacupuncture (EA) is a modern way of administering acupuncture and widely used in various gastrointestinal (GI) diseases in the world. Here, we studied the effect of EA on POI and its underlying mechanisms. Intestinal manipulation resulted in significant delays of GI transit, colonic transit and gastric emptying...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047992/su-f-t-94-plan2pdf-a-software-tool-for-automatic-plan-report-for-philips-pinnacle-tps
#4
C Wu
PURPOSE: To implement an automatic electronic PDF plan reporting tool for Philips Pinnacle treatment planning system (TPS) METHODS: An electronic treatment plan reporting software is developed by us to enable fully automatic PDF report from Pinnacle TPS to external EMR programs such as MOSAIQ. The tool is named "plan2pdf". plan2pdf is implemented using Pinnacle scripts, Java and UNIX shell scripts, without any external program needed. plan2pdf supports full auto-mode and manual mode reporting...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046314/su-f-j-131-reproducibility-of-positioning-error-due-to-temporarily-indwelled-urethral-catheter-for-urethra-sparing-prostate-imrt
#5
K Hirose, M Sato, Y Hatayama, H Kawaguchi, M Aoki, H Akimoto, F Komai, M Souma, H Obara, M Suzuki, Y Takai
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the reproducibility of positioning errors due to temporarily indwelled catheter in urethra-sparing image-guided (IG) IMRT. METHODS: Ten patients received urethra-sparing prostate IG-IMRT with implanted fiducials. After the first CT scan was performed in supine position, 6-Fr catheter was indwelled into urethra, and the second CT images were taken for planning. While the PTV received 80 Gy, 5% dose reduction was applied for the urethral PRV along the catheter...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046207/su-f-p-07-applying-failure-modes-and-effects-analysis-to-treatment-planning-system-qa
#6
D Mathew, P Alaei
PURPOSE: A small-scale implementation of Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) for treatment planning system QA by utilizing methodology of AAPM TG-100 report. METHODS: FMEA requires numerical values for severity (S), occurrence (O) and detectability (D) of each mode of failure. The product of these three values gives a risk priority number (RPN). We have implemented FMEA for the treatment planning system (TPS) QA for two clinics which use Pinnacle and Eclipse TPS...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041598/premature-ovarian-insufficiency-and-perinatal-parameters-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#7
S Sadrzadeh, R C Painter, Y M van Kasteren, D D M Braat, C B Lambalk
OBJECTIVE: The peak number of oocytes is reached during intrauterine development, after which numbers decline until reserves are depleted and a woman enters menopause. In premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), the process of follicle depletion occurs at a young age (generally taken as 40 years); the condition affects about 1% of women. In this study, we investigate whether women with POI had experienced a different perinatal milieu, as reflected in their birth weight or prematurity. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective case-control study, we evaluated whether women diagnosed with POI had a different birth weight or prematurity rate (<37 weeks) compared with women aged over 40 at natural menopause (the controls)...
February 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033660/wide-spectrum-of-nr5a1-related-phenotypes-in-46-xy-and-46-xx-individuals
#8
REVIEW
Sorahia Domenice, Aline Zamboni Machado, Frederico Moraes Ferreira, Bruno Ferraz-de-Souza, Antonio Marcondes Lerario, Lin Lin, Mirian Yumie Nishi, Nathalia Lisboa Gomes, Thatiana Evelin da Silva, Rosana Barbosa Silva, Rafaela Vieira Correa, Luciana Ribeiro Montenegro, Amanda Narciso, Elaine Maria Frade Costa, John C Achermann, Berenice Bilharinho Mendonca
Steroidogenic factor 1 (NR5A1, SF-1, Ad4BP) is a transcriptional regulator of genes involved in adrenal and gonadal development and function. Mutations in NR5A1 have been among the most frequently identified genetic causes of gonadal development disorders and are associated with a wide phenotypic spectrum. In 46,XY individuals, NR5A1-related phenotypes may range from disorders of sex development (DSD) to oligo/azoospermia, and in 46,XX individuals, from 46,XX ovotesticular and testicular DSD to primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)...
December 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part C, Embryo Today: Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028773/86-successful-births-and-9-ongoing-pregnancies-worldwide-in-women-transplanted-with-frozen-thawed-ovarian-tissue-focus-on-birth-and-perinatal-outcome-in-40-of-these-children
#9
Annette Klüver Jensen, Kirsten Tryde Macklon, Jens Fedder, Erik Ernst, Peter Humaidan, Claus Yding Andersen
PURPOSE: This study aims to make an account of the children born following transplantation of frozen-thawed ovarian tissue worldwide with specific focus on the perinatal outcome of the children. Furthermore, perinatal outcome of seven deliveries (nine children) from Denmark is reported. METHODS: PubMed was searched for papers of deliveries resulting from ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC). Seven women underwent OTC prior to chemotherapy. Four of these women still had low ovarian function and had tried to conceive...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028710/restoring-ovarian-endocrine-function-with-encapsulated-ovarian-allograft-in-immune-competent-mice
#10
Anu David, James Ronald Day, Alexa Leigh Cichon, Adam Lefferts, Marilia Cascalho, Ariella Shikanov
Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a major complication of cytotoxic treatments due to extreme ovarian sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiation. In pediatric cancer patients modern therapy has improved the long-term survival to over 80% in the United States. However, these cancer survivors face long-term health problems related to treatment toxicity. In female cancer survivors POI leads to sterility, along with the consequences of estrogen deficiency such as premature osteopenia, muscle wasting, accelerated cardiovascular diseases and a vast array of other health and developmental problems...
December 27, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026847/the-challenge-of-extra-intra-craniometry-a-computer-assisted-3-dimensional-approach-on-the-equine-skull
#11
Anja Lang, Peter Brucker, Matthias Ludwig, Tibor Wrede, Joscha Theunert, Hagen Gasse
The topographical correlations between certain extracranial and intracranial osseous Points of Interest (POIs), and their age-related changes, are indispensable to know for a diagnostical or surgical access to intracranial structures, however, they are difficult to assess with conventional devices. In this pilot study, the 3-dimensional coordinates of extra-/intracranial POIs were determined, thus avoiding perspective distortions that used to be intrinsic problems in 2-dimensional morphometry. The data sets were then analysed by creating virtual triangles...
December 27, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992027/music-listening-for-anxiety-relief-in-children-in-the-preoperative-period-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Mariana André Honorato Franzoi, Cristina Bretas Goulart, Elizabete Oliveira Lara, Gisele Martins
Objective: to investigate the effects of music listening, for 15 minutes, on the preoperative anxiety levels in children undergoing elective surgery in comparison with conventional pediatric surgical care. Method: randomized controlled clinical trial pilot study with 52 children in the preoperative period, aged 3 to 12 years, undergoing elective surgery and randomly allocated in the experimental group (n = 26) and control group (n = 26). Anxiety was assessed in both groups by the application of the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale and measurement of the physiological variables, upon arrival and 15 minutes after the first measurement...
December 19, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983607/study-of-the-genetic-etiology-of-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-fmr1-gene
#13
REVIEW
Maitane Barasoain, Gorka Barrenetxea, Iratxe Huerta, Mercedes Télez, Begoña Criado, Isabel Arrieta
Menopause is a period of women's life characterized by the cessation of menses in a definitive way. The mean age for menopause is approximately 51 years. Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) refers to ovarian dysfunction defined as irregular menses and elevated gonadotrophin levels before or at the age of 40 years. The etiology of POI is unknown but several genes have been reported as being of significance. The fragile X mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1) is one of the most important genes associated with POI...
December 13, 2016: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982268/utility-of-ultraportable-echocardiography-in-the-preoperative-evaluation-of-noncardiac-surgery
#14
Jean Allan Costa, Maria Lucia Pereira Almeida, Tereza Cristina Duque Estrada, Guilherme Lobosco Werneck, Alexandre Marins Rocha, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Mario Luiz Ribeiro, Claudio Tinoco Mesquita
Background: The ultraportable echocardiogram machine, with relevant portability and easiness in performing diagnoses, when in experienced hands, may contribute to the reliability of preoperative evaluation in noncardiac surgeries. Objectives: To assess cardiac function parameters in patients aged older than 60 years, candidates of elective noncardiac surgeries, classified as ASA1 or ASA 2 according to surgical risk. Methods: A total of 211 patients referred for elective surgeries, without suspicion of previous heart diseases, were included in the study...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982190/dragon-s-blood-sap-croton-lechleri-as-storage-medium-for-avulsed-teeth-in-vitro-study-of-cell-viability
#15
Christine Men Martins, Elizane Ferreira Hamanaka, Thayse Yumi Hoshida, Ana Maria Sell, Mirian Marubayashi Hidalgo, Catarina Soares Silveira, Wilson Roberto Poi
Tooth replantation success depends on the condition of cementum periodontal ligament after tooth avulsion; which is influenced by storage medium. The dragon's blood (Croton lechleri) sap has been suggested as a promising medium because it supports collagen formation and exhibits healing, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of dragon's blood sap as a storage medium for avulsed teeth through evaluation of functional and metabolic cell viability...
October 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967308/a-biallelic-mutation-in-the-homologous-recombination-repair-gene-spidr-is-associated-with-human-gonadal-dysgenesis
#16
Pola Smirin-Yosef, Nehama Zuckerman-Levin, Shay Tzur, Yaron Granot, Lior Cohen, Juliane Sachsenweger, Guntram Borck, Irina Lagovsky, Mali Salmon-Divon, Lisa Wiesmüller, Lina Basel-Vanagaite
CONTEXT: Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is caused by ovarian follicle depletion or follicle dysfunction, characterized by amenorrhea with elevated gonadotropin levels. The disorder presents as absence of normal progression of puberty. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the cause of ovarian dysfunction in a family with POI. DESIGN: We performed whole exome sequencing in two affected individuals. To evaluate whether DNA double-stranded break (DSB) repair activities are altered in biallelic mutation carriers we applied an EGFP-based assay for the detection of specific DSB repair pathways in blood-derived cells...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965737/effect-of-salinity-on-embryo-and-larval-development-of-oyster-crassostrea-iredalei
#17
Amelia Ng Phei Fang, Teh Chiew Peng, Poi Khoy Yen, Zulfigar Yasin, Aileen Tan Shau Hwai
The effects of salinity on the embryonic and larvae stage of Crassostrea iredalei were investigated. Fertilised eggs and one day old D-larvae were subjected to salinities ranging from 0 to 30 ppt at temperature of 30±2°C. At salinity lower than 10 ppt, 100% mortality was observed. For embryo development, the highest survival was observed at salinity 25 ppt with 80.9±2.2% survival with no significant difference compared to 15 and 30 ppt. Shell height and length were both greatest at salinity 30 ppt. Throughout the 11 days culture, the highest larval survival occurred at salinity 15 ppt with no significant difference compared to all other salinities except 10 ppt...
November 2016: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943617/relation-between-postoperative-ileus-and-anastomotic-leakage-after-colorectal-resection-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
E G Peters, M Dekkers, F W van Leeuwen-Hilbers, F Daams, K W E Hulsewé, W J de Jonge, W A Buurman, M D P Luyer
AIM: Anastomotic leakage (AL) following abdominal surgery is a critical determinant of postoperative recovery, of which the aetiology is largely unknown. Interestingly, interventions aimed at reducing the inflammatory response and postoperative ileus (POI) have an unexpected effect on AL. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation of POI with inflammation and AL after colorectal resection. METHOD: A post-hoc analysis of a prospective RCT, in which patients underwent a colorectal resection was performed...
December 10, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928668/alvimopan-in-the-setting-of-colorectal-resection-with-an-ostomy-to-use-or-not-to-use
#19
Yuxiang Wen, Murad A Jabir, Michael Keating, Alison R Althans, Justin T Brady, Bradley J Champagne, Conor P Delaney, Scott R Steele
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a major cause of morbidity, increased length of stay (LOS) and hospital cost after colorectal surgery. Alvimopan is a µ-opioid antagonist used to accelerate upper and lower gastrointestinal function after bowel resection. We hypothesized that alvimopan would reduce LOS in patients undergoing colorectal resection with stoma, a situation that has not been evaluated. METHODS: A retrospective review (2010-2015) identified 58 patients who underwent colorectal resection for benign or malignant disease with stoma creation and received alvimopan...
December 7, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916452/the-normal-range-of-fmr1-triple-cgg-repeats-may-be-associated-with-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-in-china
#20
Cui-Ling Lu, Rong Li, Xin-Na Chen, Yang-Ying Xu, Li-Ying Yan, Jie Yan, Yao-Yao Zhang, Hong-Yan Jin, Wen-Xin Zhang, Jie Qiao, Xiu-Mei Zhen
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between normal Fragile X mental retardation gene 1 (FMR1) CGG repeat numbers and primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) occurrence or subsequent resumption of ovarian function. A total of 122 women with POI and 105 controls were followed up and analysed in our centre. The prevalence of premutation and intermediate range of FMR1 CGG repeats in Han Chinese women with POI was only 0.81% (1/122) and 1.64% (2/122), respectively. The risk of POI occurrence for less than 26 CGG repeats and 29 or more CGG repeats in allele1 (smaller allele) was significantly higher than that for 26-28 CGG repeats (odds ratio 13...
November 15, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
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