Read by QxMD icon Read


Lívia Falcão Lima, Bruna Cristina Cardoso Martins, Francisco Roberto Pereira de Oliveira, Rafaela Michele de Andrade Cavalcante, Vanessa Pinto Magalhães, Paulo Yuri Milen Firmino, Liana Silveira Adriano, Adriano Monteiro da Silva, Maria Jose Nascimento Flor, Eugenie Desirée Rabelo Néri
Objective: To describe and analyze the pharmaceutical orientation given at hospital discharge of transplant patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study that used records of orientation given by the clinical pharmacist in the inpatients unit of the Kidney and Liver Transplant Department, at Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, in the city of Fortaleza (CE), Brazil, from January to July, 2014. The following variables recorded at the Clinical Pharmacy Database were analyzed according to their significance and clinical outcomes: pharmaceutical orientation at hospital discharge, drug-related problems and negative outcomes associated with medication, and pharmaceutical interventions performed...
July 2016: Einstein
I G Shestakova, V E Radzinsky, M B Khamoshina
Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a life-changing diagnosis, with profound physical and psychological consequences. Despite the description of different genetic, immune and iatrogenic factors of POI, the etiology of most cases of this disease are unexplained, and optimal management strategies are still unclear. Recent data showed that POI may have a long period of oligomenorrhea before the fully developed form (complete ovarian failure stage), with the occurrence of amenorrhea and climacteric symptoms...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Jane Stewart
Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) has a reported prevalence of around 1% of the female population under the age of 40 years,(1) and is a diagnosis which carries huge implications for the woman's overall health and wellbeing, as well as her reproductive health and potential. These implications change as a woman's life-path proceeds and therefore this cannot ever be an isolated diagnosis at a single time point with a single best-fit treatment. Moreover, as Anne Bachelot's paper describes(2) , this is not a static and uniform condition...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
Tim Sonntag
Over the past decade split inteins have established themselves as powerful tools for protein engineering, protein semisynthesis, and protein functional control approaches. Their key advantage lies in the protein trans-splicing (PTS) reaction that enables posttranslational protein assembly from two independent, even synthetic, peptide precursors. However, since most split intein applications deal with fragmentation and modification of proteins, various issues can arise, ranging from reduced stability to impairment of protein folding...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Stefanie Hackl, Alanca Schmid, Christian F W Becker
The site-selective installation of lipid modifications on proteins is critically important in our understanding of how membrane association influences the biophysical properties of proteins as well as to study certain proteins in their native environment. Here, we describe the use of split inteins for the C-terminal attachment of lipid-modified peptides to virtually any protein of interest (POI) via protein trans-splicing (PTS). To achieve this, the protein of interest is expressed in fusion with the N-terminal split intein segment and the C-terminal split intein segment is prepared by solid phase peptide synthesis...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Dongli Guan, Zhilei Chen
Proteins purified using affinity-based chromatography often exploit a recombinant affinity tag. Existing methods for the removal of the extraneous tag, needed for many applications, suffer from poor efficiency and/or high cost. Here we describe a simple, efficient, and potentially low-cost approach-split intein-mediated ultrarapid purification (SIRP)-for both the purification of the desired tagged protein from Escherichia coli lysate and removal of the tag in less than 1 h. The N- and C-fragment of a self-cleaving variant of a naturally split DnaE intein from Nostoc punctiforme are genetically fused to the N-terminus of an affinity tag and a protein of interest (POI), respectively...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Elena J Tucker, Sonia R Grover, Anne Bachelot, Philippe Touraine, Andrew H Sinclair
Premature Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) is one form of female infertility, defined by loss of ovarian activity before the age of 40, and characterized by amenorrhea (primary or secondary) with raised gonadotropins and low estradiol. POI affects up to 1 in 100 females, including 1 in 1000 before the age of 30. Substantial evidence suggests a genetic basis to POI, however, the majority of cases remain unexplained indicating there are likely genes associated with this condition yet to be discovered. This review discusses the current knowledge of the genetic basis of POI...
October 3, 2016: Endocrine Reviews
A Venara, M Neunlist, K Slim, J Barbieux, P A Colas, A Hamy, G Meurette
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a major focus of concern for surgeons because it increases duration of hospitalization, cost of care, and postoperative morbidity. The definition of POI is relatively consensual albeit with a variable definition of interval to resolution ranging from 2 to 7 days for different authors. This variation, however, leads to non-reproducibility of studies and difficulties in interpreting the results. Certain risk factors for POI, such as male gender, advanced age and major blood loss, have been repeatedly described in the literature...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Hannah Lee, Chan Woo Cho, Susie Yoon, Kyung-Suk Suh, Ho Geol Ryu
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a common complication after major abdominal surgery. Gum chewing has been shown to stimulate bowel motility and decrease duration of POI after abdominal surgery. We evaluated the effect of gum chewing in reducing the time to first flatus and on oral calorie intake in patients undergoing living or deceased donor liver transplantation. Patients were randomized into the sham feeding group or the control group. The sham feeding group chewed two pieces of xylitol flavored gum for 15 minutes, three times a day after extubation until oral nutrition was tolerated...
September 21, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
Heidy Kaune, Sairah Sheikh, Suzannah A Williams
Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) occurs in 1% of women under 40 years of age and is predominantly idiopathic. In a transgenic mouse model of follicular POI, the Double Mutant (DM), female mice are fertile at 6 weeks of age, become infertile by 9 weeks and exhibit POI by 3 months. DM female mice generate oocytes lacking mucin O-glycans and complex N-glycans due to deletion of core 1 synthase, glycoprotein-N-acetylgalactosamine 3-β-galactosyltransferase 1 (C1galt1) and mannoside acetylglucosaminyltransferase 1 (Mgat1) respectively (DM, C1galt1F/FMgat1F/F:ZP3Cre; Control, C1galt1F/FMgat1F/F)...
September 22, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Marcel D Waldinger
Men with post orgasmic illness syndrome (POIS) become ill rather immediately after ejaculation, whether spontaneously at night, during sexual intercourse or masturbation. Two subtypes are distinguished: primary and secondary POIS. It also occurs before or after a man has been sterilized. POIS is an invalidating most probably auto-immune disease leading to much distress in males and their partners. It is characterized by five criteria. Its symptoms are described by seven clusters. However, the manifestation of these symptoms varies from one male to the other but is relatively constant in the person himself...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
Jin Ho Lee, Dong Kyun Woo, Tae Ho Kim, Jun Goo Kang, Jeong-Won Yun, Jin-Ho Park, Bong-Wook Park, Young-Hoon Kang, Gyu-Jin Rho, Si-Jung Jang, Ji-Sung Park, Hee-Chun Lee, Young Min Yoon, Tae Sung Hwang, Deok Ryong Kim, Sun-Chul Hwang, Dong Hoon Lee, Ho Young Kim, Se Heang Oh, June-Ho Byun
Polycaprolactone (PCL) is a biodegradable polyester that is bioresorbable and biocompatible, and is widely used in medical fields. This study examines in vitro and in vivo osteogenic activities of cultured human periosteum-derived osteoblasts (POs) seeded into growth factor (bone morphogenic protein 2 [BMP-2] or vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF])-releasing scaffolds of PCL beads coated with Pluronic F127. Each growth factor immobilized in the PCL/F127 is cumulatively released from the beads for more than 40 days (up to 3...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
C Wang, J Cao, Y Xing, D Pu, J Liu, J Wu
OBJECTIVE: It has previously been reported that TATA-binding protein 2 (TBP2) knockout female mice are sterile. Our objective was to assess the association between the TBP2 gene and primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A cohort of 60 POI patients matched with 60 fertile controls was recruited by Nanjing Medical University. There were no interventions. The complete TBP2 exon regions were analyzed by direct sequencing in all POI patients and controls...
September 17, 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
C E Dunlop, B M Brady, M McLaughlin, E E Telfer, J White, F Cowie, S Zahra, W H B Wallace, R A Anderson
With the improvement of long-term cancer survival rates, growing numbers of female survivors are suffering from treatment-related premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). Although pre-treatment embryo and oocyte storage are effective fertility preservation strategies, they are not possible for pre-pubertal girls or women who cannot delay treatment. In these cases, the only available treatment option is ovarian cortex cryopreservation and subsequent re-implantation. A 32-year-old woman had ovarian cortex cryopreserved 10 years previously before commencing high-dose chemotherapy and undergoing a haematopoietic stem cell transplant for recurrent adult Wilms tumour, which resulted in POI...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Maxine Swee-Li Yee, Poi-Sim Khiew, Wee Siong Chiu, Yuen Fen Tan, Yih-Yih Kok, Chee-Onn Leong
Fouling of marine surfaces has been a perpetual problem ever since the days of the early sailors. The tenacious attachment of seaweed and invertebrates to man-made surfaces, notably on ship hulls, has incurred undesirable economic losses. Graphene receives great attention in the materials world for its unique combination of physical and chemical properties. Herein, we present a novel 2-step synthesis method of graphene-silver nanocomposites which bypasses the formation of graphene oxide (GO), and produces silver nanoparticles supported on graphene sheets through a mild hydrothermal reduction process...
September 9, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Rabia Faridi, Atteeq U Rehman, Robert J Morell, Penelope L Friedman, Leigh Demain, Sana Zahra, Asma Ali Khan, Dalia Tohlob, Muhammad Zaman Assir, Glenda Beaman, Shaheen N Khan, William G Newman, Sheikh Riazuddin, Thomas B Friedman
Perrault syndrome (PS) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in females and sensorineural hearing loss in males and females. In many PS subjects, causative variants have not been found in the five reported PS genes. The objective of this study was to identify the genetic cause of PS in an extended consanguineous family with six deaf individuals. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was completed on four affected members of a large family, and variants and co-segregation was confirmed by Sanger sequencing...
September 15, 2016: Clinical Genetics
Rajani Santhakumari Nagothu, Yogananda Reddy Indla, Rajesh Paluru
BACKGROUND: Students who took admission in first year MBBS course used to study physiology, anatomy and biochemistry for one and half years. Since a decade the first year course duration was reduced to one year unaltering the syllabus in the three basic subjects. So students are focusing on the easy ways to clear the university exams by accepting the concise books, which is dampening the real quality of the subject knowledge. This study is aimed at understanding the best methods of physiology teaching in the lecture gallery, from the student's perspective...
July 2016: Indian J Clin Anat Physiol
Min Jeong Lee, Eunjeong Park, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hye Sun Lee, Myoung Jin Cha, Young Dae Kim, Ji Hoe Heo, Hyo Suk Nam
PURPOSE: Smoking cessation is strongly recommended for every smoker after ischemic stroke, but many patients fail to quit smoking. An improved smoking cessation rate has been reported with intensive behavioral therapy during hospitalization and supportive contact after discharge. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the usefulness of the timely interventions for smoking cessation in men with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Patients who participated in the timely interventions strategy (TI group) were compared with those who received conventional counseling (CC group)...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Jason Shahin, Elizabeth J Allen, Krishna Patel, Hannah Muskett, Sheila E Harvey, Jonathan Edgeworth, Christopher C Kibbler, Rosemary A Barnes, Sharmistha Biswas, Neil Soni, Kathryn M Rowan, David A Harrison
BACKGROUND: Given the predominance of invasive fungal disease (IFD) amongst the non-immunocompromised adult critically ill population, the potential benefit of antifungal prophylaxis and the lack of generalisable tools to identify high risk patients, the aim of the current study was to describe the epidemiology of IFD in UK critical care units, and to develop and validate a clinical risk prediction tool to identify non-neutropenic, critically ill adult patients at high risk of IFD who would benefit from antifungal prophylaxis...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Justine Bouilly, Isabelle Beau, Sara Barraud, Valérie Bernard, Kemal Azibi, Jérôme Fagart, Anne Fèvre, Anne Laure Todeschini, Reiner A Veitia, Chérif Beldjord, Brigitte Delemer, Catherine Dodé, Jacques Young, Nadine Binart
CONTEXT: Idiopathic primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a major cause of amenorrhea and infertility. POI affects 1% of women before age 40, and several genetic causes have been reported. To date, POI has been considered a monogenic disorder. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify novel gene variations and to investigate if individuals with POI harbor mutation in multiple loci. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred well-phenotyped POI patients were systematically screened for variants in 19 known POI loci (and potential candidate genes) using next-generation sequencing...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"