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M Cabrini, F Cerino, A de Olazabal, E Di Poi, C Fabbro, D Fornasaro, A Goruppi, V Flander-Putrle, J Francé, S Gollasch, M Hure, L Lipej, D Lučić, E Magaletti, P Mozetič, T Tinta, A Tornambè, V Turk, J Uhan, M David
Ballast water discharges may cause negative impacts to aquatic ecosystems, human health and economic activities by the introduction of potentially harmful species. Fifty untreated ballast water tanks, ten in each port, were sampled in four Adriatic Italian ports and one Slovenian port. Salinity, temperature and fluorescence were measured on board. Faecal indicator bacteria (FIB), phyto- and zooplankton were qualitatively and quantitatively determined to identify the species assemblage arriving in ballast water...
February 14, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Chunming Li, Miaofeng Cao, Linjuan Ma, Xiaoqing Ye, Yang Song, Wuye Pan, Zhengfen Xu, Xiaochen Ma, Yibing Lan, Peiqiong Chen, Weiping Liu, Jing Liu, Jianhong Zhou
Pyrethroids are a class of widely used insecticides. Female animal studies suggested that pyrethroid exposure impaired ovarian function, which resulted in similar symptoms of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). However, it is still unknown whether this association applies to women. In this case-control study, a total of 172 POI patients and 247 control women were recruited in Zhejiang, China. The urinary concentrations of metabolites of pyrethroids, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) and 4-fluoro-3-phenoxybenzoic acid (4-F-3-PBA), as well as the serum concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) were determined...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Sunita Katari, Mahmoud Aarabi, Angela Kintigh, Susan Mann, Svetlana A Yatsenko, Joseph S Sanfilippo, Anthony J Zeleznik, Aleksandar Rajkovic
STUDY QUESTION: What is the prevalence of somatic chromosomal instability among women with idiopathic primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)? SUMMARY ANSWER: A subset of women with idiopathic POI may have functional impairment in DNA repair leading to chromosomal instability in their soma. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The formation and repair of DNA double-strand breaks during meiotic recombination are fundamental processes of gametogenesis. Oocytes with compromised DNA integrity are susceptible to apoptosis which could trigger premature ovarian aging and accelerated wastage of the human follicle reserve...
February 7, 2018: Human Reproduction
Zhi-Jun Guo, Hai-Tao Liu, Ze-Mei Bai, Qiang Lin, Bao-Hong Zhao, Qian Xu, Yan-Hong Zeng, Wen-Qiu Feng, Hai-Tao Zhou, Fei Liang, Ji-Yan Cui
Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) is a serious disease which is life-threatening. Since it is crucial for APE patients to assess the changes of cardiac function safely and timely, the imaging research of cardiac morphology and function is becoming more and more important. The correlation of computed tomography (CT) measured cardiac parameters and pulmonary obstruction index (POI) was analyzed to discuss the morphological changes of the heart of APE patients in order to provide a new method to evaluate cardiac functions accurately and effectively...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Kristin M Bircsak, Jamie E Moscovitz, Xia Wen, Faith Archer, Poi Yu Sofia Yuen, Moiz Mohammed, Naureen Memon, Barry I Weinberger, Laura M Saba, Anna M Vetrano, Lauren M Aleksunes
The breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) is a maternally-facing efflux transporter that regulates the placental disposition of chemicals. Transcription factors and gene variants are important regulatory factors that influence transporter expression. Here, we sought to identify the genetic and transcriptional mechanisms underlying the interindividual expression of BCRP mRNA and protein across 137 term placentas from uncomplicated pregnancies. Placental expression of BCRP and regulatory transcription factor mRNAs was measured using multiplex branched DNA analysis...
January 31, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Chenyue Ding, Qinyan Zou, Jie Ding, Mingfa Ling, Wei Wang, Hong Li, Boxian Huang
The N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification plays a central role in epigenetic regulation of the mammalian transcriptome. m6A can be demethylated by the fat mass- and obesity-associated (FTO) protein and the α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase alkB homolog 5 (ALKBH5) protein. Much less is known about that whether m6A content is involved in POI (premature ovarian insufficiency) disease. In this case-controlled study, 69 POI and 53 tubal occlusion patients were recruited from the reproduction centers in our hospital...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Madhuri Pattamatta, Boudewijn J J Smeets, Silvia M A A Evers, Harm J T Rutten, Misha D P Luyer, Mickael Hiligsmann
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus (POI) and anastomotic leakage (AL) following colorectal surgery severely increase healthcare costs and decrease quality of life. This study evaluates the effects of reducing POI and AL via perioperative gum chewing compared to placebo (control) on in-hospital costs, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and assesses cost-effectiveness. METHODS: In patients undergoing elective, open colorectal surgery, changes in HRQoL were assessed using EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaires and costs were estimated from a hospital perspective...
January 30, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Xiao-Wen Yang, Wen-Bin He, Fei Gong, Wen Li, Xiu-Rong Li, Chang-Gao Zhong, Guang-Xiu Lu, Ge Lin, Juan Du, Yue-Qiu Tan
BACKGROUND: Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) is a malformation of the eyelids. Forkhead Box L2 (FOXL2) is the only gene known to be associated with BPES. METHODS: We identified two Han Chinese BPES families with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). Sanger sequencing and in vitro functional analysis were performed to identify the genetic cause. RESULTS: Sanger sequencing identified two novel mutations (c.462_468del, c...
January 29, 2018: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
Leonti Grin, Yossi Mizrachi, Ornit Cohen, Tal Lazer, Gad Liberty, Simion Meltcer, Shevach Friedler
The potential adverse effect of Serum progesterone (SP) elevation on the day of hCG administration is a matter of continued debate. Our study aimed to evaluate the relative value of progesterone to a number of aspirated oocytes ratio (POI) to predict clinical pregnancy (CP) and live birth (LB) in fresh IVF cycles and to review the relevant literature. A retrospective analysis of GnRH Antagonist IVF-ET cycles. POI was calculated by dividing the SP on the day of hCG by the number of aspirated mature oocytes. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive value of POI for CP and LB...
January 26, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Marie-France Portnoi, Marie-Charlotte Dumargne, Sandra Rojo, Selma F Witchel, Andrew J Duncan, Caroline Eozenou, Joelle Bignon-Topalovic, Sventlana A Yatsenko, Aleksandar Rajkovic, Miguel Reyes-Mugica, Kristian Almstrup, Lelia Fusee, Yogesh Srivastava, Sandra Chantot-Bastaraud, Capucine Hyon, Christine Louis-Sylvestre, Pierre Validire, Caroline de Malleray Pichard, Celia Ravel, Sophie Christin-Maitre, Raja Brauner, Raffaella Rossetti, Luca Persani, Eduardo H Charreau, Liliana Dain, Violeta A Chiauzzi, Inas Mazen, Hassan Rouba, Caroline Schluth-Bolard, Stuart MacGowan, W H Irwin McLean, Etienne Patin, Ewa Rajpert-De Meyts, Ralf Jauch, John C Achermann, Jean-Pierre Siffroi, Ken McElreavey, Anu Bashamboo
SOX8 is an HMG-box transcription factor closely related to SRY and SOX9. Deletion of the gene encoding Sox8 in mice causes reproductive dysfunction but the role of SOX8 in humans is unknown. Here, we show that SOX8 is expressed in the somatic cells of the early developing gonad in the human and influences human sex-determination. We identified two individuals with 46,XY disorders/differences in sex development (DSD) and chromosomal rearrangements encompassing the SOX8 locus and a third individual with 46,XY DSD and a missense mutation in the HMG-box of SOX8...
January 24, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Filipe O Da Silva, Anne-Claire Fabre, Yoland Savriama, Joni Ollonen, Kristin Mahlow, Anthony Herrel, Johannes Müller, Nicolas Di-Poï
The ecological origin of snakes remains amongst the most controversial topics in evolution, with three competing hypotheses: fossorial; marine; or terrestrial. Here we use a geometric morphometric approach integrating ecological, phylogenetic, paleontological, and developmental data for building models of skull shape and size evolution and developmental rate changes in squamates. Our large-scale data reveal that whereas the most recent common ancestor of crown snakes had a small skull with a shape undeniably adapted for fossoriality, all snakes plus their sister group derive from a surface-terrestrial form with non-fossorial behavior, thus redirecting the debate toward an underexplored evolutionary scenario...
January 25, 2018: Nature Communications
Mika Moriwaki, Barry Moore, Timothy Mosbruger, Deborah W Neklason, Mark Yandell, Lynn B Jorde, Corrine K Welt
Context: Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) results from a premature loss of oocytes, causing infertility and early menopause. The etiology of POI remains unknown in a majority of cases. Objective: To identify candidate genes in families affected by POI. Design: This was a family-based genetic study. Setting: The study was performed at two academic institutions. Patients and Other Participants: A family with four generations of women affected by POI (n = 5)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Endocrine Society
Yujie Dang, Xiaoyan Wang, Yajing Hao, Xinyue Zhang, Shidou Zhao, Jinlong Ma, Yingying Qin, Zi-Jiang Chen
Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) imposes great challenges on women's fertility and lifelong health. POI is highly heterogeneous and encompasses occult, biochemical, and overt stages. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are negative regulators of gene expression, whose roles in physiology and diseases like cancers and neurological disorders have been recognized, but little is known about the miRNAs profile and functional relevance in biochemical POI (bPOI). In this study, the expression of miRNAs and mRNAs in granulosa cells (GCs) of bPOI women was determined by two microarrays, respectively...
January 24, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Peter H Lin, Angela Echeverria, Mun J Poi
Vasculitis is a clinical condition with associated diagnostic challenges due to nonspecific symptoms and lack of a confirmatory imaging modality. We report a case of a 39-year-old female patient who developed generalized malaise, lethargy, and headache. Laboratory evaluation showed elevated inflammatory markers. Conventional imaging studies including computed tomography and carotid duplex ultrasound were unremarkable. Infrared thermography revealed enhanced thermographic signals in the left carotid artery and aortic arch...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Jessika Moreau, Nicolas Gatimel, Clémentine Cohade, Jean Parinaud, Roger Léandri
To detect clinical parameters impacting ovarian reserve, data were analyzed from 573 patients who had an anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) measurement for infertility treatment. No impact was found on the age at menarche but a significant diminished ovarian reserve was observed when a patient's mother was menopausal before age 50. These data suggest that ovarian reserve must be monitored in such patients to offer them fertility preservation when at risk of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI).
January 18, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Wen-Bin He, Chao-Feng Tu, Qiang Liu, Lan-Lan Meng, Shi-Min Yuan, Ai-Xiang Luo, Fu-Sheng He, Juan Shen, Wen Li, Juan Du, Chang-Gao Zhong, Guang-Xiu Lu, Ge Lin, Li-Qing Fan, Yue-Qiu Tan
BACKGROUND: The genetic causes of the majority of male and female infertility caused by human non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) and premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) with meiotic arrest are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To identify the genetic cause of NOA and POI in two affected members from a consanguineous Chinese family. METHODS: We performed whole-exome sequencing of DNA from both affected patients. The identified candidate causative gene was further verified by Sanger sequencing for pedigree analysis in this family...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
S-S Lin, R-Q Zhang, L Shen, X-J Xu, K Li, A-V Bazhin, J Fichna, Y-Y Li
BACKGROUND: The changes in the gut barrier (GB) and associated mechanisms in postoperative ileus (POI) are still unclear. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is involved in inflammation, which may cause GB dysfunction and POI. Here, the roles of the GB in POI in relation to TLR4-dependent signaling pathways were explored. METHODS: POI was induced by small bowel manipulation in wild-type (WT) and TLR4-knockout (TLR4-/-) mice. Twenty-four hours after manipulation, indices of gastrointestinal (GI) transit, GB structure and function, inflammation, and related signaling pathways were analyzed...
January 4, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Wei Luo, Hanni Ke, Ran Liu, Yingying Qin, Winifred Mak, Jinlong Ma, Shidou Zhao, Zi-Jiang Chen
Accumulating evidence has indicated that the genes involved in meiosis are highly correlated with ovarian function. Pumilio 1 (PUM1) is a RNA-binding protein which is involved in the meiotic process. It has been reported that the Pum1 knockout female mice displayed subfertility due to the decrease in primordial follicle pool. The aim of our study is to investigate whether variants of the PUM1 gene are responsible for primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in Chinese women. We analyzed coding sequence and untranslated regions of the PUM1 gene in 196 Han Chinese women with non-syndromic POI and 192 controls...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Kaijing Song, Huihua Cai, Dongmei Zhang, Ruichun Huang, Donghua Sun, Yuanli He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) combined with estrogen on regulatory T cells (Tregs) in patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). METHODS: hADSCs were isolated by enzymatic digestion and identified by flow cytometry. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from POI patients and healthy controls. PBMCs were cultured in the following experimental groups: the control group, hADSC group, estrogen group and combined group...
December 27, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
Maria Isabel Rodriguez, Mary E Gaffield, Leo Han, Aaron B Caughey
OBJECTIVE: The association between increased risk of HIV acquisition and use of progestin-only injectables (POIs) is controversial. We sought to compare the competing risks of maternal mortality and HIV acquisition with use of POIs using updated data on this association and considering an expanded number of African countries. METHODS: We designed a decision-analytic model to compare the benefits and risks of POIs on the competing risks of maternal mortality and HIV acquisition on life expectancy for women in 9 African countries...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
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