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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722672/ethnic-heterogeneity-and-prostate-cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-latino-men-a-population-based-study
#1
Felix M Chinea, Vivek N Patel, Deukwoo Kwon, Narottam Lamichhane, Chris Lopez, Sanoj Punnen, Erin N Kobetz, Matthew C Abramowitz, Alan Pollack
BACKGROUND: Few studies focus on prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes in Hispanic/Latino men. Our study explores whether Hispanic/Latino subgroups demonstrate significantly different prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) relative to Non-Hispanic White (NHW) and Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) men. METHODS: We extracted a population-based cohort of men diagnosed with local-regional PCa from 2000-2013 (n= 486,865). PCSM was measured in racial/ethnic groups: NHW (n=352,886), NHB (n= 70,983), Hispanic/Latino (n= 40,462), and Asian American/Pacific Islander (n= 22,534)...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722506/diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-parotid-glands-before-and-after-abatacept-therapy-in-patients-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-associated-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-utility-to-evaluate-and-predict-response-to-treatment
#2
Hiroyuki Takahashi, Hiroto Tsuboi, Masahiro Yokosawa, Hiromitsu Asashima, Tomoya Hirota, Yuya Kondo, Isao Matsumoto, Takayuki Sumida
OBJECTIVE: To compare parotid diffusion-weighted images (DWIs) taken before and after abatacept therapy in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to examine the utility in evaluation and prediction of response to therapy. METHODS: DWIs of the parotid glands taken at baseline and 52 weeks after initiation of abatacept were analyzed in nine SS patients with RA using relative standard deviation (RSD) of the entire glands and signal intensity ratio (SIR) within the residual parenchyma...
July 19, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722485/characterization-of-nontyphoidal-salmonella-isolates-from-asymptomatic-migrant-food-handlers-in-peninsular-malaysia
#3
Pei Yee Woh, Kwai Lin Thong, Jerzy Marian Behnke, John Watkin Lewis, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
Asymptomatic Salmonella carriers who work as food handlers pose food safety and public health risks, particularly during food preparation, and this has serious implications for the disease burden in society. Therefore, we conducted a study to determine the number of Salmonella carriers in a migrant cohort in several food establishments in three major cities in Peninsular Malaysia. Sociodemographic data and stool samples were collected and analyzed using standard methods of detection and isolation. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests of the positive samples were also performed...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722040/a-new-set-of-cd-ii-coordination-polymers-with-mixed-ligands-of-dicarboxylate-and-pyridyl-substituted-diaminotriazine-selective-sorption-towards-co2-and-cationic-dyes
#4
Santanu Chand, Syed Meheboob Elahi, Arun Pal, Madhab C Das
On the basis of a mixed ligand system of L(NH2)2 (6-(pyridin-4-yl)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine) and dicarboxylic acids, three new Cd(ii) coordination polymers viz. {[Cd0.5(tdc)0.5(L(NH2)2)0.5(H2O)]·DMF·H2O}n (1), {[Cd0.5(bdc)0.5(L(NH2)2)(H2O)]·DMF·H2O}n (2), and {[Cd(ipa)(L(NH2)2)(DMF)]·H2O}n (3) (tdcH2 = thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylic acid, bdcH2 = benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid, ipaH2 = benzene-1,3-dicarboxylic acid) were synthesized under diverse reaction conditions and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, PXRD, elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and TGA...
July 19, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721583/microbial-and-genetically-engineered-oils-as-replacements-for-fish-oil-in-aquaculture-feeds
#5
REVIEW
M Sprague, M B Betancor, D R Tocher
As the global population grows more of our fish and seafood are being farmed. Fish are the main dietary source of the omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids, but these cannot be produced in sufficient quantities as are now required for human health. Farmed fish have traditionally been fed a diet consisting of fishmeal and fish oil, rich in n-3 LC-PUFA. However, the increase in global aquaculture production has resulted in these finite and limited marine ingredients being replaced with sustainable alternatives of terrestrial origin that are devoid of n-3 LC-PUFA...
July 18, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721467/a-review-of-the-safety-efficacy-and-mechanisms-of-delivery-of-nasal-oxytocin-in-children-therapeutic-potential-for-autism-and-prader-willi-syndrome-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#6
Marilena M DeMayo, Yun Ju C Song, Ian B Hickie, Adam J Guastella
In this article, we conduct a comprehensive review of existing evidence for the safety and therapeutic potential of intranasal oxytocin in pediatric populations. Unique considerations for dosing and delivery of oxytocin to the nasal passageway in pediatric populations and methods to promote adherence are reviewed. Intranasal oxytocin has been administered to 261 children in three open-label studies and eight randomized controlled trials. To date, the only published results in pediatric populations have focused on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)...
July 18, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721342/hepatitis-b-virus-genotype-e-infection-among-egyptian-health-care-workers
#7
Reem Elmaghloub, Ashraf Elbahrawy, Gamal El Didamony, Ahmed Elwassief, Abdel-Gawad Saied Mohammad, Ahmed Alashker, Hendawy Zedan, Abdallah Mahmoud Abdallah, Mahmoud Haddad Hemidah, Amr Elmestikawy, Mohamed El Fayoumei, Hossam Shahba, Ahmed Gawish, Mohamed Hanafy Morsy, Alaa Hashim, Mohamed Ali Abdelbaseer, Yoshihide Ueda, Tsutomu Chiba, Hafez Abdelhafeez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Health Care Workers (HCWs) are at a high risk of needle stick injuries and HBV infection in Egypt; this problem is further aggravated by low Hepatitis B (HB) vaccination coverage. Limited data are available on the prevalence of HBV infection in Egyptian HCWs. In this study, we aimed to assess the HBV infection rate and genotypes among Egyptian HCWs. METHODS: Five hundred and sixty-four (564) HCWs were included. Of them, 258 (45.74%) were health care providers and 306 (54...
June 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721322/etiology-and-age-distribution-of-syncope-in-a-predominantly-african-american-population
#8
Ahmad Awan, Hasan Iftikhar, Fasil Tiruneh, Shahabuddin Soherwardi, Daniel Larbi
BACKGROUND: Syncope, the sudden transient loss of consciousness due to multiple etiologies, usually has worse outcomes in African Americans compared with other races because of other comorbidities. This study aims to identify a correlation between the etiologies of syncope and age in a predominantly African-American sample population to facilitate future investigations with potentially improved specificity to address this condition. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 155 patients who presented with syncope concerns to the emergency department at our university hospital...
June 14, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721137/beneficial-effects-of-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-adiponectin-levels-and-adipor-gene-expression-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#9
Maryam Mazaherioun, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Fariba Koohdani, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Mahmoud Djalali
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) exert beneficial effects to improve type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but its complications remain poorly understood. Hypoadiponectinemia is one of the important mechanisms responsible for T2DM which necessitates developing novel therapeutic strategies. We aimed to determine the effect of n-3 PUFA supplementation on circulating adiponectin and mRNA expression of adiponectin receptors (AdipoR1, AdipoR2) and Sirt-1 in T2DM patients...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721087/epicrania-fugax-combining-forward-and-backward-paroxysms-in-the-same-patient-the-first-four-cases
#10
Johanna Barón-Sánchez, Álvaro Gutiérrez-Viedma, Marina Ruiz-Piñero, Alicia Pérez-Pérez, Ángel Luis Guerrero, María L Cuadrado
BACKGROUND: The first description of epicrania fugax (EF) reported brief painful paroxysms that start in posterior regions of the scalp and move forward to reach the ipsilateral forehead, eye, or nose. A backward variation, wherein pain stems from frontal areas and radiates to the posterior scalp, has also been acknowledged. We report four patients with features reminiscent of EF and the coexistence of forward and backward pain paroxysms. METHODS: We considered all patients attending the headache outpatient office at two tertiary hospitals from March 2008 to March 2016...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720946/effect-of-partial-replacement-of-porcine-fat-with-pre-emulsified-soybean-oil-using-fish-protein-isolate-as-emulsifier-on-characteristic-of-sausage
#11
Nopparat Cheetangdee
Partial replacement of animal fats with n-3 rich oils is a promising way to improve nutritive value of meat products. In the present work, the effects of porcine fat substitution with soybean oil (SBO) on characteristics of sausages were studied at the oil substitution levels of 25, 35, and 45% by weight of porcine fat. SBO was introduced to the sausages alternatively in native or pre-emulsified forms, the latter with fish protein isolate (FPI) or Na-caseinate (Nc) as emulsifier. Characteristics of the sausages, including cooking loss, water holding capacity, texture attributes, microstructure, and color, were then determined...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720933/bioaccessibility-of-hydroxytyrosol-and-n-3-fatty-acids-as-affected-by-the-delivery-system-simple-double-and-gelled-double-emulsions
#12
Susana Cofrades, Ricard Bou, Linda Flaiz, Alba Garcimartín, Juana Benedí, Raquel Mateos, Francisco J Sánchez-Muniz, Raúl Olivero-David, Francisco Jiménez-Colmenero
This study examines the influence of different food-grade n-3 PUFA-enriched simple emulsion (SE), double emulsion (DE) and gelled double emulsion (GDE) delivery systems on the extent of lipolysis, antioxidant capacity and the bioaccessibility of hydroxytyrosol (HTy). GDE emulsion offered better protection for HTy (89%) than the other systems (79% in SE and DE). The reducing capacity of the emulsions containing HTy were not altered during oral digestion. However, "in vitro" gastric and intestinal phases significantly reduced the antioxidant activity of all systems...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720155/effect-of-slaughter-age-and-feeding-system-on-the-neutral-and-polar-lipid-composition-of-horse-meat
#13
X Belaunzaran, P Lavín, A R Mantecón, J K G Kramer, N Aldai
This study was undertaken to provide a thorough analysis of the neutral lipid (NL) and polar lipid (PL) fractions of horse meat that included the content and distribution of acyl and alkenyl moieties in foals under different rearing conditions. Two groups of crossbred horses were studied; the first group was selected from suckling foals produced under grazing conditions and slaughtered at 4 months of age (n=8), and the second group was selected from concentrate-finished foals and slaughtered at 12 months of age (n=7)...
July 19, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719723/de-novo-hhv-8-tumors-induced-by-rituximab-in-autoimmune-or-inflammatory-systemic-diseases
#14
Amandine Perier, Léa Savey, Anne-Geneviève Marcelin, Philippe Serve, David Saadoun, Stéphane Barete
OBJECTIVES: HHV-8, also known as Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) associated herpesvirus is involved in KS and other tumors comprising multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). Rituximab is currently used for treatment of several autoimmune or inflammatory diseases and humoral organ rejection. De novo HHV-8 induced tumors by rituximab used for autoimmune or inflammatory diseases or humoral organ rejection have not been reported. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we report clinical, virological and pathology of five HIV-negative male patients with HHV-8-induced tumors following rituximab therapy...
July 18, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719716/the-sophono-bone-conduction-system-surgical-audiologic-and-quality-of-life-outcomes
#15
Timothy Mclean, Irumee Pai, Andrew Philipatos, Michael Gordon
We prospectively evaluated the surgical, audiologic, and quality-of-life outcomes in 5 patients-2 men and 3 women, aged 22 to 64 years (mean: 41.8)-who were implanted with the Sophono Alpha 2 MPO Processor. The indications for implantation of this bone-conduction device included recurrent ear canal infections with hearing aids (n = 3), single-sided deafness (n = 1), and patient preference in view of difficulty using a conventional hearing aid (n = 1). In addition to the patient with single-sided deafness, 3 patients had a bilateral mixed hearing loss and 1 had a bilateral conductive hearing loss...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719669/a-whey-protein-based-multi-ingredient-nutritional-supplement-stimulates-gains-in-lean-body-mass-and-strength-in-healthy-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Kirsten E Bell, Tim Snijders, Michael Zulyniak, Dinesh Kumbhare, Gianni Parise, Adrian Chabowski, Stuart M Phillips
Protein and other compounds can exert anabolic effects on skeletal muscle, particularly in conjunction with exercise. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of twice daily consumption of a protein-based, multi-ingredient nutritional supplement to increase strength and lean mass independent of, and in combination with, exercise in healthy older men. Forty-nine healthy older men (age: 73 ± 1 years [mean ± SEM]; BMI: 28.5 ± 1.5 kg/m2) were randomly allocated to 20 weeks of twice daily consumption of either a nutritional supplement (SUPP; n = 25; 30 g whey protein, 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719429/maternal-salvage-with-extracorporeal-life-support-lessons-learned-in-a-single-center
#17
Philippe Biderman, Uri Carmi, Eric Setton, Michael Fainblut, Oren Bachar, Sharon Einav
The American Heart Association scientific statement on cardiac arrest in pregnancy did not endorse extracorporeal life support for lack of cohort data. We studied all pregnancy and peripartum cases of extracorporeal life support in 1 medical center (n = 11), including collapse due to infection (n = 6, 55%), thromboembolism (n = 3, 27%), and cardiac disease (n = 2, 18%). Half of the cases (n = 5, 45%) involved extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Most mothers survived (n = 7, 64% [95% confidence interval, 32%-88%])...
July 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719420/the-bidirectional-relationship-between-vasomotor-symptoms-and-depression-across-the-menopausal-transition-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#18
Rifani B Natari, Alexandra M Clavarino, Treasure M McGuire, Kaeleen D Dingle, Samantha A Hollingworth
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of the bidirectional relationship between vasomotor symptoms (VMS) and depression, and to determine whether hot flashes and night sweats differentially affect the association between VMS and depression through their effect on sleep disruption. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched from 1961 until July 31, 2016, and a manual search of reference lists of identified articles was conducted. Sixteen articles that involved 10,008 participants were identified and analyzed...
July 17, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718800/enriching-diet-with-n-3-pufas-to-help-prevent-cardiovascular-diseases-in-healthy-adults-results-from-clinical-trials
#19
REVIEW
Matteo Manuelli, Lucio Della Guardia, Hellas Cena
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) are believed to be important for cardiovascular health. Many investigations have been carried out in an attempt to examine the effect of n-3 PUFAs intake, in the form of supplementation or fortified foods, for the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and risk factors for CVD, whereas less is known about the effect on healthy individuals. The present study reviews the available literature in order to examine the relationship between n-3 PUFAs intake, either via supplementation or enriched food, and the prevention of CVD among healthy adults...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718298/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-of-comorbid-cancer-and-dementia-and-its-implications-for-cancer-related-care
#20
L McWilliams, C Farrell, G Grande, J Keady, C Swarbrick, J Yorke
OBJECTIVES: A comorbid diagnosis of cancer and dementia (cancer-dementia) may have unique implications for patient cancer-related experience. The objectives were to estimate prevalence of cancer-dementia and related experiences of people with dementia, their carers and cancer clinicians including cancer screening, diagnosis, treatment and palliative care. METHOD: Databases were searched (CINAHL, Psychinfo, Medline, Embase, BNI) using key terms such as dementia, cancer and experience...
July 18, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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