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Lauren A Roach, Kelly Lambert, Jane L Holt, Barbara J Meyer
BACKGROUND: People on haemodialysis (HD) are at risk of consuming a poor quality diet. This includes inadequate intake of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA). OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate diet quality, with a particular focus on n-3 LCPUFA intake, in a population of incentre HD patients. DESIGN: Dietary intake was measured using three 24 hour recalls; the Polyunsaturated food frequency questionnaire (PUFA FFQ) and the Total Diet Score (TDS)...
September 24, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
Timor Faber, Arun Kumar, Johan P Mackenbach, Christopher Millett, Sanjay Basu, Aziz Sheikh, Jasper V Been
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking and smoke exposure during pregnancy and childhood cause considerable childhood morbidity and mortality. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether implementation of WHO's recommended tobacco control policies (MPOWER) was of benefit to perinatal and child health. METHODS: We searched 19 electronic databases, hand-searched references and citations, and consulted experts to identify studies assessing the association between implementation of MPOWER policies and child health...
September 2017: Lancet. Public Health
Alexandre Fabre, Patrice Bourgeois, Marie-Edith Coste, Céline Roman, Vincent Barlogis, Catherine Badens
Syndromic diarrhea/tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome (SD/THE) is a rare disease linked to the loss of function of either TTC37 or SKIV2L, two components of the SKI complex. It is characterized by a combination of 9 signs (intractable diarrhea, hair abnormalities, facial dysmorphism, immune abnormalities, IUGR/SGA, liver abnormalities, skin abnormalities, congenital heart defect and platelet abnormalities). We present a comprehensive review of the management of SD/THE and tested therapeutic regimens. A review of the literature was conducted in May 2017: 29 articles and 2 abstracts were included describing a total of 80 patients, of which 40 presented with mutations of TTC37, 14 of SKIV2L...
August 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
Sarah E Valentine, Carrie J Nobles, Monica W Gerber, Adin Vaewsorn, Derri L Shtasel, Luana Marques
Our study extends the literature on associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and chronic medical conditions by assessing differences in the magnitude of these relations by ethnicity. We examined group differences in the magnitude of the relation between PTSD and chronic medical conditions (cardiovascular disease [CVD], hypertension, obesity, diabetes). We obtained data from Latino (n = 3,224) and non-Latino white (n = 4,180) respondents from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys...
August 2017: Journal of Latina/o Psychology
Danielle M Tholey, Ben Hornung, Charles K Enestvedt, Yiyi Chen, Willscott S Naugler, Khashayar Farsad, Nima Nabavizadeh, Barry Schlansky, Joseph Ahn, Janice H Jou
INTRODUCTION: To assess the outcomes of immediate LDT versus observation strategies for T1 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with respect to progression beyond Milan and survival. METHOD: T1 HCCs were retrospectively reviewed from a multidisciplinary tumour board database between September 2007 and May 2015. In the observation group, T1 lesions were observed until the tumour grew to meet T2 criteria (=2 cm). The treatment group consisted of T1 lesions treated at diagnosis with liver directed therapy (LDT)...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Nigel D Scollan, Eleri M Price, Sarah A Morgan, Sharon A Huws, Kevin J Shingfield
The nutritional value of meat is an increasingly important factor influencing consumer preferences for poultry, red meat and processed meat products. Intramuscular fat content and composition, in addition to high quality protein, trace minerals and vitamins are important determinants of nutritional value. Fat content of meat at retail has decreased substantially over the past 40 years through advances in animal genetics, nutrition and management and changes in processing techniques. Evidence of the association between diet and the incidence of human non-communicable diseases has driven an interest in developing production systems for lowering total SFA and trans fatty acid (TFA) content and enrichment of n-3 PUFA concentrations in meat and meat products...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Wolfgang Marx, Genevieve Moseley, Michael Berk, Felice Jacka
Mental illness, including depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder, accounts for a significant proportion of global disability and poses a substantial social, economic and heath burden. Treatment is presently dominated by pharmacotherapy, such as antidepressants, and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy; however, such treatments avert less than half of the disease burden, suggesting that additional strategies are needed to prevent and treat mental disorders. There are now consistent mechanistic, observational and interventional data to suggest diet quality may be a modifiable risk factor for mental illness...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Loïc Duron, Flavie Sadones, Philippe Thiesse, Cécile Cellier, Claire Alapetite, François Doz, Didier Frappaz, Hervé J Brisse
PURPOSE: The current staging system of central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCT) includes a binary classification in "localized" or "metastatic" disease based on the absence or presence of leptomeningeal dissemination. Loco-regional tumor dissemination has been barely described whereas its accurate definition might be useful in terms of prognosis and treatment, especially for radiation therapy planning. Our purpose was therefore to describe MR patterns and prevalence of loco-regional extensions of these tumors...
September 23, 2017: Neuroradiology
Hanbing Rao, Xun Zhao, Xin Liu, Ji Zhong, Zhaoyi Zhang, Ping Zou, Yuanyuan Jiang, Xianxiang Wang, Yanying Wang
In this paper, a novel molecularly imprinted electrochemical sensor (MIECS) based on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with graphene quantum dots (GQDs) coated on hollow nickel nanospheres (hNiNS) for the rapid determination of bisphenol S (BPS) was proposed for the first time. HNiNS and GQDs as electrode modifications were used to enlarge the active area and electron-transport ability for amplifying the sensor signal, while molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film was electropolymerized by using pyrrole as monomer and BPS as template to detect BPS via cyclic voltammetry (CV)...
September 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Ying-Xu Chen, Ke-Jing Huang, Liu-Liu He, Yi-Han Wang
A novel competitive aptasensor for thrombin detection is developed by using a tetrahedral DNA (T-DNA) probe and hybridization chain reaction (HCR) signal amplification. Sulfur and nitrogen co-doped reduced graphene oxide (SN-rGO) is firstly prepared by a simple reflux method and used for supporting substrate of biosensor. Then, T-DNA probe is modified on the electrode by Au-S bond and a competition is happened between target thrombin and the complementary DNA (cDNA) of aptamer. The aptamer binding to thrombin forms an aptamer-target conjugate and make the cDNA remained, and subsequently hybridizes with the vertical domain of T-DNA...
September 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
B Kirthika Rani, S Abraham John
A highly selective and sensitive determination of Hg(2+) in water samples with bioimaging applications in living cells using a fluorogenic pyrene-amino mercapto thiadiazole (PYAMT) probe is described. The probe PYAMT exhibited three absorption peaks at 333, 348 and 394nm and emission maxima at 378, 388 and 397nm (λex=348nm). It showed significant fluorescent quenching (96%) with I/I0=0.051 upon the addition of 2.5μM Hg(2+) ion in CH3CN(ACN):H2O (1:1, v/v; pH 7.2), whereas its fluorescence remained unaltered in the presence of other metal ions...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Xiao-Yuan Dai Perrard, Zeqin Lian, George Bobotas, Mary R Dicklin, Kevin C Maki, Huaizhu Wu
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia increases risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and may contribute to atherosclerosis by changing circulating monocyte phenotypes. High-dose n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce blood triglyceride levels. Effects of triglyceride-lowering therapy on monocyte phenotypes are not well known. OBJECTIVE: We examined effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid treatments (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] plus docosapentaenoic acid [MAT9001] vs EPA ethyl esters [EPA-EE]) on monocyte phenotypes in individuals with hypertriglyceridemia...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Bingjie Hou, Huaizhi Liu, Shaopeng Qi, Yinyan Zhu, Bo Zhou, Xiaoqing Jiang, Lihua Zhu
High quality pristine graphene (PG) dispersions are prepared conveniently via an organic salts assisted exfoliation method in a green, non-toxic, cheap and low boiling point solvent: ethanol. The PG is characterized by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Furthermore, the PG is used as an electrode material for fabrication of nonenzymatic sensor of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). This nonenzymatic sensor shows enhanced electrocatalytic activity towards H2O2 and displays two linear ranges from 2...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Xiaoyun Wang, Yaowen Lai, Xiaojian Zhang, Jie Zhao
OBJECTIVES: Vibroacousitic disease (VAD) is caused by excessive exposure to low-frequency but high-intensity noise. The integrity of the brain blood barrier (BBB) is essential for the brain. The study aimed to investigate the effect of noise exposure on the BBB. METHODS: Healthy male Bama swine were exposed to 50, 70, 100, and 120Hz, 140dB noise for 30min. After exposure, CT brain imaging and ex vivo fluorescent imaging of parenchymal EB leakage were performed (each group consisted of N=3 swine)...
September 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause, Stephanie S Miedema
This systematic review of reviews synthesizes evidence on the impact of interventions to prevent violence against adolescent girls and young women 10-24 years (VAWG) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Theories of women's empowerment and the social ecology of multifaceted violence frame the review. Child abuse, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGMC), child marriage, intimate partner violence (IPV), and sexual violence were focal outcomes. Our review followed the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) for the systematic review of reviews, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for a systematic review of recent intervention studies...
September 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
Hideyuki Torikai, Ichiro Hasegawa, Masahiro Jinzaki, Yoshiaki Narimatsu
We report 5 patients with hemoptysis due to infectious pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm (PAP) treated with endovascular embolization using N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) injected via bronchial and nonbronchial systemic arterial approaches. Infectious diseases included inactive tuberculosis (n = 3), nontuberculous mycobacteriosis (n = 1), and chronic infection of unknown origin (n = 1). Seven PAPs were detected on selective systemic angiography, and injection of NBCA was performed. Disappearance of all PAPs was confirmed on systemic arteriography after the intervention...
October 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Rebecca A Sanders, Bryan C Hoelzer, Mark A Bendel, Tim J Lamer, Thomas P Pittelkow, Jason S Eldrige, Matthew J Pingree, Susan M Moeschler, Halena M Gazelka, W David Mauck, Richard H Rho
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical indications associated with implantation of single versus dual percutaneous lead spinal cord stimulator (SCS) systems and to look further into how these leads are utilized for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis of all patients undergoing SCS implantation between January 2001 and December 2013 with a minimum of two year clinical follow-up was performed. Number of trial and implanted leads was recorded...
September 23, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
K Rajender Reddy, Stanislas Pol, Paul J Thuluvath, Hiromitsu Kumada, Joji Toyota, Kazuaki Chayama, James Levin, Eric J Lawitz, Adrian Gadano, Wayne Ghesquiere, Guido Gerken, Maurizia R Brunetto, Cheng-Yuan Peng, Marcelo Silva, Simone I Strasser, Jeong Heo, Fiona McPhee, Zhaohui Liu, Rong Yang, Misti Linaberry, Stephanie Noviello
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Daclatasvir has achieved high sustained virologic response (SVR) rates in diverse hepatitis C virus (HCV) populations. This study evaluated the long-term efficacy and safety of daclatasvir-based regimens administered during clinical studies. METHODS: Patients enrolled within 6 months of parent study completion or protocol availability at the study sites. The primary objective was durability of SVR at follow-up Week 12 (SVR12). Secondary objectives included analyzing HCV sequences in non-responders or responders who relapsed, and characterization of liver disease progression...
September 21, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
María C Hernández-Rodas, Rodrigo Valenzuela, Francisca Echeverría, Miguel Ángel Rincón-Cervera, Alejandra Espinosa, Paola Illesca, Patricio Muñoz, Alicia Corbari, Nalda Romero, Daniel Gonzalez-Mañan, Luis A Videla
SCOPE: Non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of liver disease, for which there is no validated drug therapy at present time. In this respect, the polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6 n-3, DHA) modulate lipid metabolism in the liver, and extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) has hepatoprotective effects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Effect of combined docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; C22:6 n-3) and extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) administration to mice on oxidative stress and metabolic disturbances induced by high-fat diet (HFD) was evaluated...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Lisa D Coles, Paul J Tuite, Gülin Öz, Usha R Mishra, Reena V Kartha, Kathleen M Sullivan, James C Cloyd, Melissa Terpstra
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with oxidative stress and decreased nigral glutathione (GSH), suggesting that therapies that boost GSH may have a disease-modifying effect. Intravenous administration of a high dose of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a well-known antioxidant and GSH precursor, increases blood and brain GSH in individuals with PD and with Gaucher disease and in healthy controls. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of repeated high oral doses of NAC and their effect on brain and blood oxidative stress measures, we conducted a 4-week open-label prospective study of oral NAC in individuals with PD (n = 5) and in healthy controls (n = 3)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
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