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Carbohydrate mouth rinsing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678622/carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-does-not-affect-performance-during-a-60-min-running-race-in-women
#1
Costas Chryssanthopoulos, Christos Ziaras, Tanja Oosthuyse, Ioannis Lambropoulos, Paradisis Giorgios P, Elias Zacharogiannis, Anastassios Philippou, Maria Maridaki
This study examined the effect of carbohydrate mouth rinsing on endurance running performance in women. Fifteen female recreational endurance runners, who used no oral contraceptives, ran two races of 1-h duration on an indoor track (216-m length) at 18:00 h after an 8-h fast with a 7-days interval between races, corresponding to the 3(rd)-10th day of each premenopausal runner's menstrual cycle, or any day for the postmenopausal runners. In a double-blind random order, participants rinsed their mouth with 25 ml of either a 6...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640772/the-effect-of-a-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-upper-body-muscular-strength-and-endurance
#2
James E Dunkin, Shaun M Phillips
Dunkin, JE and Phillips, SM. The effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1948-1953, 2017-Carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinsing rapidly increases corticomotor output and maximal muscle force production, which could enhance muscular strength and endurance during resistance exercise. However, previous research has found no effect of CHO rinsing on muscular strength or endurance. The current study altered the CHO rinse composition and frequency and the muscular endurance test to further investigate the effects of a CHO mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598402/cognitive-performance-enhancement-induced-by-caffeine-carbohydrate-and-guarana-mouth-rinsing-during-submaximal-exercise
#3
Laura Pomportes, Jeanick Brisswalter, Laurence Casini, Arnaud Hays, Karen Davranche
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of serial mouth rinsing (MR) with nutritional supplements on cognitive performance (i.e., cognitive control and time perception) during a 40-min submaximal exercise. Twenty-four participants completed 4 counterbalanced experimental sessions, during which they performed MR with either placebo (PL), carbohydrate (CHO: 1.6 g/25 mL), guarana complex (GUAc: 0.4 g/25 mL) or caffeine (CAF: 67 mg/25 mL) before and twice during exercise. The present study provided some important new insights regarding the specific changes in cognitive performance induced by nutritional supplements...
June 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581367/carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-improves-morning-high-intensity-exercise-performance
#4
Neil D Clarke, Scott Hammond, Evangelos Kornilios, Peter D Mundy
Oral carbohydrate (CHO) rinsing has been demonstrated to provide beneficial effects on exercise performance of durations of up to one hour. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of CHO mouth rinsing on morning high-intensity exercise performance. Following institutional ethical approval and familiarisation, 12 healthy males (mean ± SD age: 23 ± 3 years, height: 175.5 ± 7.4 cm, body mass: 75.4 ± 7.5 kg) participated in this study. Countermovement jump (CMJ) height, isometric mid-thigh pull peak force, 10 m sprint time and bench press and back squat repetitions to failure were assessed following CHO and placebo (PLA) rinsing or a control condition (CON)...
September 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538327/quantifying-the-effect-of-carbohydrate-mouth-rinsing-on-exercise-performance
#5
Daniel J Peart
The purpose of this study was to review the existing literature investigating carbohydrate mouth rinsing as an ergogenic aid using the effect sizes (ES) and percentage change in performance of the respective studies as outcome measures. A trivial-small average overall ES was present for the 25 studies included in the review (0.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.10-0.27). Effect sizes for the subgroups were ≥25 minutes (0.25, 95% CI = 0.14-0.36), ≤180 seconds (0.06, 95% CI = -0.03 to 0.15), resistance exercise (-0...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182508/effects-of-carbohydrate-ingestion-and-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-repeat-sprint-performance
#6
Ben M Krings, Timothy J Peterson, Brandon D Shepherd, Matthew J McAllister, JohnEric W Smith
The purpose of this investigation was to examine to the influence of carbohydrate ingestion (CHOI) and carbohydrate mouth rinse (CHOR) on acute repeat maximal sprint performance. Fourteen healthy males (age: 21.7 ± 1.8 years, mass: 82.3 ± 12.3 kg) completed a total of five 15-s maximal repeat sprints on a cycle ergometer against 0.075 kg ・ kg(-1) body mass each separated by 4 min of active recovery. Subjects completed four experimental trials and were randomly assigned one of four treatments: (1) CHOI, (2) CHOR, (3) placebo mouth rinse (PLAR), (4) placebo ingestion (PLAI)...
June 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138315/effect-of-mouth-rinsing-and-ingestion-of-carbohydrate-solutions-on-mood-and-perceptual-responses-during-exercise
#7
Ajmol Ali, Catherine Moss, Michelle Ji Yeon Yoo, Alanah Wilkinson, Bernhard H Breier
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether mouth rinsing or ingesting carbohydrate (CHO) solutions impact on perceptual responses during exercise. METHODS: Nine moderately trained male cyclists underwent a 90-min glycogen-reducing exercise, and consumed a low CHO meal, prior to completing an overnight fast. A 1-h cycle time trial was performed the following morning. Four trials, each separated by 7 days, were conducted in a randomized, counterbalanced study design: 15% CHO mouth rinse (CHOR), 7...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095077/running-performance-with-nutritive-and-non-nutritive-sweetened-mouth-rinses
#8
Keely H Hawkins, Sridevi Krishnan, Lara Ringos, Vanessa Garcia, Jamie A Cooper
Mouth rinsing (MR) with carbohydrate during exercise has been shown to act as an ergogenic aid. PURPOSE: To investigate if nutritive or nonnutritive sweetened MR affect exercise performance, and to assess the influence of sweetness intensity on endurance performance during a time-trial (TT). METHODS: This randomized, single blinded study had 4 treatment conditions. 16 subjects (9 men, 7 women) completed a 12.8km TT four different times. During each TT, subjects MR and expectorated a different solution at time 0 and every 12...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930449/quantifying-the-effect-of-carbohydrate-mouth-rinsing-on-exercise-performance
#9
Daniel J Peart
The purpose of this study was to review the existing literature investigating carbohydrate mouth rinsing (CMR) as an ergogenic aid by using the effect sizes and percentage change in performance of the respective studies as outcome measures. A trivial-small average overall effect size was present for the 25 studies included in the review (0.18, 95% CI = 0.10 to 0.27). Effect sizes for the sub-groups were; ≥25-min (0.25, 95% CI = 0.14 to 0.36), ≤ 180 seconds (0.06, 95% CI = -0.03 to 0.15), resistance exercise (-0...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832548/mouth-rinsing-with-a-sweet-solution-increases-energy-expenditure-and-decreases-appetite-during-60-min-of-self-regulated-walking-exercise
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kevin Deighton, Lauren Duckworth, Jamie Matu, Matthew Suter, Charlotte Fletcher, Samuel Stead, Shaho Ali, Neil Gunby, Keelie Korsness
Carbohydrate mouth rinsing can improve endurance exercise performance and is most ergogenic when exercise is completed in the fasted state. This strategy may also be beneficial to increase exercise capacity and the energy deficit achieved during moderate-intensity exercise relevant to weight control when performed after an overnight fast. Eighteen healthy men (mean (SD); age, 23 (4) years; body mass index, 23.1 (2.4) kg·m(-2)) completed a familiarisation trial and 3 experimental trials. After an overnight fast, participants performed 60 min of treadmill walking at a speed that equated to a rating of perceived exertion of 13 ("fairly hard")...
December 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829323/the-effect-of-carbohydrate-mouth-rinsing-on-fencing-performance-and-cognitive-function-following-fatigue-inducing-fencing
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
G Rowlatt, L Bottoms, C J Edmonds, R Buscombe
This study investigated the impact that mouth rinsing carbohydrate solution has on skill-specific performance and reaction time following a fatigue-inducing bout of fencing in epee fencers. Nine healthy, national-level epee fencers visited a laboratory on two occasions, separated by a minimum of five days, to complete a 1-minute lunge test and Stroop test pre- and post-fatigue. Heart rate and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded during completion of the fatiguing protocol. Between fights the participant's mouth rinsed for 10 seconds, either 25 ml of 6...
May 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686403/influence-of-a-caffeine-mouth-rinse-on-sprint-cycling-following-glycogen-depletion
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joseph Kizzi, Alvin Sum, Fraser E Houston, Lawrence D Hayes
Attenuated performance during intense exercise with limited endogenous carbohydrate (CHO) is well documented. Therefore, this study examined whether caffeine (CAF) mouth rinsing would augment performance during repeated sprint cycling in participants with reduced endogenous CHO. Eight recreationally active males (aged 23 ± 2 yr, body mass 84 ± 4 kg, stature 178 ± 7 cm) participated in this randomized, single-blind, repeated-measures crossover investigation. Following familiarization, participants attended two separate evening glycogen depletion sessions...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27657117/carbohydrate-mouth-rinsing-enhances-high-intensity-time-trial-performance-following-prolonged-cycling
#13
Nicholas D Luden, Michael J Saunders, Andrew C D'Lugos, Mark W Pataky, Daniel A Baur, Caitlin B Vining, Adam B Schroer
There is good evidence that mouth rinsing with carbohydrate (CHO) solutions can enhance endurance performance (≥30 min). The impact of a CHO mouth rinse on sprint performance has been less consistent, suggesting that CHO may confer benefits in conditions of 'metabolic strain'. To test this hypothesis, the current study examined the impact of late-exercise mouth rinsing on sprint performance. Secondly, we investigated the effects of a protein mouth rinse (PRO) on performance. Eight trained male cyclists participated in three trials consisting of 120 min of constant-load cycling (55% Wmax) followed by a 30 km computer-simulated time trial, during which only water was provided...
September 20, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616732/no-dose-response-effect-of-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-cycling-time-trial-performance
#14
Ruth M James, Sarah Ritchie, Ian Rollo, Lewis J James
The aim of the current study was to investigate the influence of mouth rinsing carbohydrate at increasing concentrations on ~1 hr cycle time trial performance. Eleven male cyclists completed three experimental trials, following an overnight fast. Cyclists performed a ~1 hr time trial on a cycle ergometer, while rinsing their mouth for 5 s with either a 7% maltodextrin solution (CHO), 14% CHO or a taste-matched placebo (PLA) after every 12.5% of the set amount of work. Heart rate was recorded every 12.5% of the time trial, while RPE and GI comfort were determined every 25% of the time trial...
February 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379953/no-dose-response-effect-of-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-concentration-on-5-km-running-performance-in-recreational-athletes
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Neil D Clarke, James R Thomas, Marion Kagka, Roger Ramsbottom, Anne Delextrat
Clarke, ND, Thomas, JR, Kagka, M, Ramsbottom, R, and Delextrat, A. No dose-response effect of carbohydrate mouth rinse concentration on 5-km running performance in recreational athletes. J Strength Cond Res 31(3): 715-720, 2017-Oral carbohydrate rinsing has been demonstrated to provide beneficial effects on exercise performance of durations of up to 1 hour, albeit predominately in a laboratory setting. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of different concentrations of carbohydrate solution mouth rinse on 5-km running performance...
March 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359530/carbohydrate-mouth-rinsing-does-not-alter-skeletal-muscle-contractile-properties-following-fatigue-275-board-112-june-1-11-00-am-12-30-pm
#16
Daniel J Schubert, Marcin K Szczyglowski, Joshua D Wren, Christopher D Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359528/carbohydrate-mouth-rinsing-does-not-enhance-maximal-strength-or-motor-unit-recruitment-following-fatigue-273-board-110-june-1-11-00-am-12-30-pm
#17
Marcin K Szczyglowski, Joshua D Wren, Daniel J Schubert, Christopher D Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359527/carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-following-fatiguing-resistance-exercise-does-not-improve-muscle-function-272-board-109-june-1-11-00-am-12-30-pm
#18
Cortney N Steele, Rebecca F Hale, Andrea J Fradkin, Joseph L Andreacci, Eric S Rawson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359517/effects-of-carbohydrate-mouth-rinsing-on-depleted-state-wrestlers-using-a-yo-yo-ir-level-2-intermittent-test-262-board-99-june-1-11-00-am-12-30-pm
#19
Luke W Knoche, Colton E Belitz, Brian S Snyder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339107/effects-of-various-concentrations-of-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-cycling-performance-in-a-fed-state
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Simon Devenney, Kieran Collins, Marcus Shortall
The objective of this study was to identify the effects of mouth rinsing with a 6% and 16% carbohydrate solution (CHO) on time trial performance when compared to a 0% control (PLA) when in a fed state. Twelve recreationally active males underwent three trials by which they had to complete a set workload (600 ± 65 W) in a fed state. Throughout each trial, participants rinsed their mouths with a 25 ml bolus of a 0% PLA, 6% or 16% CHO (maltodextrin) for every 12.5% of work completed. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and heart rate were recorded every 12...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
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