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Gastroenterolog

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922445/position-paper-on-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-in-romania-2017-part-two
#1
Liana Gheorghe, Ioan Sporea, Speranta Iacob, Roxana Sirli, Anca Trifan, Mircea Diculescu, Carol Stanciu, Oliviu Pascu, Monica Acalovschi, Ciprian Brisc, Cristina Cijevschi, Cristian Gheorghe, Zeno Spârchez, Ion Rogoveanu, Daniela Dobru, Dan L Dumitrascu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a common condition with endemic prevalence in some areas of the world. In Romania, the mean prevalence is about 3%. New treatments have become available on the market in recent years and new drugs are in the pipeline. A re-evaluation of HCV therapy was considered mandatory. The Romanian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology undertook this task for the practitioners of this country. METHODOLOGY: A group of recognized experts was created who screened the available literature and the major available guidelines...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#2
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919797/quality-of-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-results-of-a-prospective-controlled-cohort-study-in-germany-netibd
#3
Jana Langbrandtner, Angelika Hüppe, Petra Jessen, Jürgen Büning, Susanna Nikolaus, Heiner Raspe, Bernd Bokemeyer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) need comprehensive, interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral health care. In Germany, evidence-based care pathways have been developed to improve the quality of care of IBD patients. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the implementation of some of these recommendations on patient-related outcomes. METHODS: In a region of North Germany, outpatients with IBD were recruited by gastroenterologists (intervention group)...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919600/modified-blatchford-score-for-risk-stratification-in-adult-patient-with-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage-and-their-short-term-hospital-outcome
#4
M S Islam, M Z Uddin, M S Ali, M N Islam, M H Rahman, I H Robi, M M Haque, M W Rahman, M A Uddin, F Ahamed, M S Malek, M A Kabir, M S Rahman, A U Khan, F A Doel
Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is one of the most common and life-threatening gastrointestinal emergency. There are several risk scores for risk stratification in UGIB patients. The Modified Blatchford score, which relies only on clinical and laboratory parameters, is practical in the emergency setting The Modified Blatchford scoring system also known as Glasgow Blatchford Scoring (GBS) have been developed to stratify risk of non variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage or need of medical or surgical intervention, endoscopic therapy...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918811/future-directions-for-endoscopic-ultrasound-where-are-we-heading
#5
REVIEW
Sahin Coban, Omer Basar, William R Brugge
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) plays an important role as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality in gastroenterology. New developments have emerged, especially in the last decade, and are being introduced to endoscopists. The ability to readily visualize and access organs in the gastrointestinal tract has allowed endoscopists to perform new interventional procedures. EUS procedures have taken the place of conventional approaches for the treatment of various gastrointestinal diseases, including pancreatic cystic lesions...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918810/progress-in-endoscopic-ultrasonography-training-in-therapeutic-or-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#6
REVIEW
Monica Saumoy, Michel Kahaleh
Therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound is a rapidly expanding field, requiring training beyond the 3-year gastroenterology fellowship and at least an additional year in a structured advanced endoscopy fellowship program with mentorship from an expert at a sufficiently high-volume center. Simulation models can provide initial instruction on technique and increase familiarity with the rapidly changing devices. Trainees must also be given a graduated level of independence to perform each step and, eventually, be able to practice on a variety of endoscopic targets...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916030/fellowship-candidate-selection-at-the-best-medical-center-a-novel-process
#7
Philip R Cohen
Dr. Ida Lystic completed her MD degree at the prestigious Harvey Medical School (which has since been renamed the Harvey Provider School) and her residency in internal medicine and gastroenterology fellowship at the OTHER (Owen T. Henry and Eugene Rutherford) Medical Center. She was subsequently hired as an assistant professor at the BEST (Byron Edwards and Samuel Thompson) Medical Center in 2015. After eventually completing an extensive list of employment requirements, she was able to begin seeing patients...
September 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#8
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913613/risk-factor-analysis-between-newly-screened-and-established-hepatitis-c-in-gi-and-hepatology-clinics
#9
Newaz Hossain, Bharat Puchakayala, Pushpjeet Kanwar, Siddharth Verma, George Abraham, Zhanna Ivanov, Muhammad Obaid Niaz, Smruti R Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Several studies show inconsistencies in the rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) detection among baby boomers (born 1945-1965). We conducted a cross-sectional HCV screening followed by a case-controlled comparison of the newly screened population with established HCV subjects. METHOD: Enrollment was offered to subjects aged 40-75 at our gastroenterology and hepatology clinics. Demographic data and potential risk factors were obtained, and HCV antibody test was offered to those who had never been screened and compared with a group with established HCV...
September 14, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913374/comparison-of-the-nutritional-values-of-infant-formulas-available-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Abdulhadi Hesn Almazrooy, Abdulrahman Mohammad Alturki, Afaf Mubarak Aljohani, Abeer Alraddadi, Abdulrahman Muslim Allogmani
Introduction. Optimum growth and development are best achieved by breastfeeding, which is the safest source for infant feeding. Mothers in Saudi Arabia start to breastfeed their infants but soon introduce formula brands. Objective. To assess the safety and nutritional adequacy of the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market. Methods. An observational study has compared between 5 types of infant formula brands; they were chosen based on their international popularity. Also, they are considered as the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912401/-i-immunotherapy-for-gastroenterological-cancer
#11
Yukiya Narita, Kei Muro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911951/anniversary-tribute-from-the-editors-of-clinical-gastroenterology-and-hepatology
#12
Michael Camilleri, C Mel Wilcox, Hashem B El-Serag, Fasiha Kanwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906315/development-of-the-aim-to-decrease-anxiety-and-pain-treatment-adapt-for-pediatric-functional-abdominal-pain-disorders
#13
Natoshia Raishevich Cunningham, Sarah Nelson, Anjana Jagpal, Erin Moorman, Michael Farrell, Scott Pentiuk, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the Aim to Decrease Anxiety and Pain Treatment (ADAPT), a brief, on-line and in-person behavioral intervention targeting pain and anxiety in youth with functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD). METHODS: Patients were recruited from several outpatient pediatric gastroenterology clinics. Nine participants (ages 9-13) completed the full protocol. Thematic analysis of detailed qualitative feedback was obtained via semi-structured patient and caregiver interviews after treatment was conducted...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906293/frequency-and-variables-associated-with-fasting-orders-in-inpatients-with-ulcerative-colitis-the-audit-of-diet-orders-ulcerative-colitis-adore-uc-study
#14
Zane R Gallinger, Amir Rumman, Kevin Pivovarov, Kyle J Fortinsky, A Hillary Steinhart, Adam V Weizman
INTRODUCTION: Current clinical practice guidelines suggest that patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) hospitalized because of a disease flare should be offered a normal diet, unless such a diet is not tolerated. Studies of hospitalized patients have demonstrated iatrogenic malnutrition from unjustified or inappropriate nil per os (NPO) or clear liquid diet (CLD) orders. In this study, we aim to characterize the burden of this problem in hospitalized patients with UC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients with UC admitted to the gastroenterology service or the general internal medicine service at a tertiary, academic hospital between January 2009 and December 2014, with a length of stay between 2 and 30 days...
October 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905800/analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-quality-of-life-of-those-suffering-from-crohn-s-disease
#15
Joanna Chrobak-Bień, Anna Gawor, Małgorzata Paplaczyk, Ewa Małecka-Panas, Anita Gąsiorowska
INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology. Its chronic nature, as well as symptoms of intestinal and overall significantly impedes the daily functioning of patients. Alternately occurring periods of exacerbation and remission are the cause of reduced quality of life of patients. Understanding the factors that caused the decrease in the quality of life, it allows us to understand the behavior and the situation of the patient and the ability to cope with stress caused by the disease...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905472/design-paper-japan-endoscopy-database-jed-a-prospective-big-database-project-related-to-gastroenterological-endoscopy-in-japan
#16
K Matsuda, K Tanaka, M Fujishiro, Y Saito, K Ohtsuka, I Oda, C Katada, M Kato, M Kida, K Kobayashi, S Hoteya, T Horimatsu, S Kodashima, T Matsuda, M Muto, H Yamamoto, S Ryozawa, R Iwakiri, H Kutsumi, H Miyata, M Kato, K Haruma, K Fujimoto, N Uemura, M Kaminishi, H Tajiri
The advent of electrical medical records brought image filing systems to many hospitals, as well as electrical endoscopic medical records. However, data integration among multiple different venders has not yet been accomplished. We start the Japan Endoscopic Database (JED) Project endorsed by Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society (JGES) from January 2015. The purposes of this project are as follows: 1) developing the world's largest endoscopic database generated from daily use of the reporting system 2) capturing the actual performance of endoscopic practice in Japan; and 3) standardizing the terminology and fundamental items for the registry of clinical studies...
September 14, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905102/digestive-system-in-psoriasis-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Pietrzak, Aldona Pietrzak, Dorota Krasowska, Andrzej Borzęcki, Kinga Franciszkiewicz-Pietrzak, Beata Polkowska-Pruszyńska, Maja Baranowska, Kristian Reich
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disorder associated and often coexisting with many other immune-related clinical conditions including those affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Data obtained from the reviewed literature suggest an association between psoriasis and pathologies of the oral cavity, both psoriasis-specific lesions, as well as non-specific, such as geographic tongue or fissured tongue. These findings show the importance of thorough examination of oral mucosa in psoriatic patients...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902372/-cost-assessment-for-endoscopic-procedures-in-the-german-diagnosis-related-group-drg-system-5-year-cost-data-analysis-of-the-german-society-of-gastroenterology-project
#18
Markus Rathmayer, Wolfgang Heinlein, Claudia Reiß, Jörg G Albert, Bora Akoglu, Martin Braun, Thorsten Brechmann, Stefan K Gölder, Tim Lankisch, Helmut Messmann, Arne Schneider, Martin Wagner, Markus Dollhopf, Felix Gundling, Michael Röhling, Cornelie Haag, Ines Dohle, Sven Werner, Frank Lammert, Steffen Fleßa, Michael H Wilke, Wolfgang Schepp, Markus M Lerch
Background In the German hospital reimbursement system (G-DRG) endoscopic procedures are listed in cost center 8. For reimbursement between hospital departments and external providers outdated or incomplete catalogues (e. g. DKG-NT, GOÄ) have remained in use. We have assessed the cost for endoscopic procedures in the G-DRG-system. Methods To assess the cost of endoscopic procedures 74 hospitals, annual providers of cost-data to the Institute for the Hospital Remuneration System (InEK) made their data (2011 - 2015; § 21 KHEntgG) available to the German-Society-of-Gastroenterology (DGVS) in anonymized form (4873 809 case-data-sets)...
September 8, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901937/advances-in-paediatric-gastroenterology
#19
REVIEW
Paul K H Tam, Patrick H Y Chung, Shawn D St Peter, Christopher P Gayer, Henri R Ford, Greta C H Tam, Kenneth K Y Wong, Mikko P Pakarinen, Mark Davenport
Recent developments in paediatric gastrointestinal surgery have focused on minimally invasive surgery, the accumulation of high-quality clinical evidence, and scientific research. The benefits of minimally invasive surgery for common disorders like appendicitis and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis are all supported by good clinical evidence. Although minimally invasive surgery has been extended to neonatal surgery, it is difficult to establish its role for neonatal disorders such as oesophageal atresia and biliary atresia through clinical trials because of the rarity of these disorders...
September 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901701/exploring-extended-scope-of-practice-in-dietetics-a-systems-approach
#20
Dominique Ryan, Fiona Pelly, Elizabeth Purcell
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore health professionals' perceptions of an extended scope of a practice clinic, and develop a framework using a systems approach to facilitate extended scope models across various health settings. METHODS: A qualitative investigation using semi-structured interviews with four health professionals involved in an extended scope dietitian-led gastroenterology clinic in a hospital in regional Queensland was conducted. A case study design was utilised to investigate interviewees' perceptions of the clinic...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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