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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076580/-cag-n-polymorphism-of-the-atxn2-gene-a-new-marker-of-susceptibility-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Luis J Flores-Alvarado, Nory O Dávalos-Rodríguez, Diana García-Cruz, Perla M Madrigal-Ruiz, Rosalba Ruiz-Mejía, María E Aguilar-Aldrete, Nemesio Villa-Ruano, Sergio Alberto Ramirez-Garcia
Objective: Estimate whether there is an association between the (CAG)n repeat in the ATXN2 gene in the Mexican population and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: Epidemiological case-control study, including healthy people and diabetics. (CAG)n expansion was detected by end-point polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR outputs were analyzed by electrophoresis (PAGE 8%) and silver nitrate staining. Results: (CAG)n nucleotide allele distribution in the study population was similar to that reported in central Mexico...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076577/chronic-kidney-disease-of-nontraditional-etiology-in-central-america-a-provisional-epidemiologic-case-definition-for-surveillance-and-epidemiologic-studies
#2
Matthew Lozier, Reina Maria Turcios-Ruiz, Gary Noonan, Pedro Ordunez
SYNOPSIS Over the last two decades, experts have reported a rising number of deaths caused by chronic kidney disease (CKD) along the Pacific coast of Central America, from southern Mexico to Costa Rica. However, this specific disease is not associated with traditional causes of CKD, such as aging, diabetes, or hypertension. Rather, this disease is a chronic interstitial nephritis termed chronic kidney disease of nontraditional etiology (CKDnT). According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) mortality database, there are elevated rates of deaths related to kidney disease in many of these countries, with the highest rates being reported in El Salvador and Nicaragua...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065571/exposure-to-ddt-and-diabetic-nephropathy-among-mexican-americans-in-the-1999-2004-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#3
Charles J Everett, Olivia M Thompson, Clara E Dismuke
Concentrations of the pesticide DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) and its metabolite DDE (dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene), in the blood of Mexican Americans, were evaluated to determine their relationships with diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. The data were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 (unweighted N = 1,411, population estimate = 13,760,609). The sample included teens, 12-19 years old, which accounted for 19.8% of the data. The time of the study overlapped the banning of DDT in Mexico in the year 2000, and those participants born in Mexico were exposed to DDT before they immigrated to the US...
January 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049755/prevention-of-diabetes-in-mexico-pragmatic-solutions-for-a-complex-problem
#4
Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Hector Bourges Rodriguez, Ernestina Polo Oteyza
The Tenth Nestlé Nutrition Conference, held in Mexico City in November 2014, focused on prevention of type 2 diabetes considering environment, lifestyles, and nutrition. Based on the evidence and recommendations presented during the conference, which are summarized in another article within this supplemental issue, a series of pragmatic proposals to address the environmental, social, and medical factors that have contributed to the growing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Mexico was formulated. For this article, the actions were organized into 2 conceptual models: one that is applicable for the whole population and the other for at-risk individuals...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049753/behavioral-lifestyle-interventions-for-the-primary-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-and-translation-to-hispanic-latino-communities-in-the-united-states-and-mexico
#5
Elizabeth M Venditti
Lifestyle behaviors in overweight and obese individuals are closely linked to the development, course, and outcomes of type 2 diabetes and multiple comorbid health conditions. Behavior change theory and many randomized controlled studies offer strong support for screening and identifying adults at increased cardiometabolic risk and for providing early intervention to mitigate risk factors to prevent or delay the onset of disease. The current article reviews key lifestyle intervention efficacy and dissemination trials conducted with individuals deemed to be at increased risk for diabetes and describes the rationale for training teams of professionals and community health workers (e...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049750/diabetes-and-obesity-prevention-changing-the-food-environment-in-low-income-settings
#6
Joel Gittelsohn, Angela Trude
Innovative approaches are needed to impact obesity and other diet-related chronic diseases, including interventions at the environmental and policy levels. Such interventions are promising due to their wide reach. This article reports on 10 multilevel community trials that the present authors either led (n = 8) or played a substantial role in developing (n = 2) in low-income minority settings in the United States and other countries that test interventions to improve the food environment, support policy, and reduce the risk for developing obesity and other diet-related chronic diseases...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049747/foods-obesity-and-diabetes-are-all-calories-created-equal
#7
Dariush Mozaffarian
Diet has become one of the top risk factors for poor health. The incidence of cardiometabolic disease in the United Sates, in Mexico, and in most countries is driven fundamentally by changes in diet quality. Weight gain has been typically framed as a problem of excess caloric intake, but, as reviewed in this paper, subtle changes in the quality of diet are associated with long-term weight gain. In order to successfully address obesity and diabetes, researchers and policy makers have to better understand how weight gain in the long term is modulated and to change the focus of research and public policy from one based on counting calories to one based on diet quality and its determinants at various levels...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049745/epidemiology-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-mexico
#8
Omar Y Bello-Chavolla, Rosalba Rojas-Martinez, Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Mauricio Hernández-Avila
Type 2 diabetes is the main health problem in Mexico. The large and growing number of cases and the remarkable economic impact of the disease support this statement. The condition is expressed at an earlier age and at a lower body mass index in Mexican mestizos compared with the age and body mass index reported in Caucasians. In addition, Mexican mestizos have an increased susceptibility to developing diabetic nephropathy. The Mexican health system needs major adjustments in order to prevent and treat type 2 diabetes...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049744/prevention-of-diabetes-in-mexico-summary-of-evidence-on-preventive-interventions-presented-at-the-2014-nestle-nutrition-conference
#9
Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Hector Bourges-Rodriguez, Ernestina Polo-Oteyza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043788/comparison-of-bacteriological-conversion-and-treatment-outcomes-among-mdr-tb-patients-with-and-without-diabetes-in-mexico-preliminary-data
#10
M Muñoz-Torrico, J Caminero Luna, G B Migliori, L D'Ambrosio, J L Carrillo-Alduenda, H Villareal-Velarde, A Torres-Cruz, H Flores-Ergara, D Martínez-Mendoza, C García-Sancho, R Centis, M Á Salazar-Lezama, R Pérez-Padilla
: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a well-known risk factor for tuberculosis (TB). However, it is not known to what extent DM affects the outcome in patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) treated with second-line anti-TB drugs. The objective of this study was to compare the microbiological evolution (sputum smear and culture conversion) and final outcomes of MDR/XDR-TB patients with and without DM, managed at the national TB reference centre in Mexico City...
December 30, 2016: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032086/modified-metabolic-syndrome-and-second-cancers-in-women-a-case-control-study
#11
Carlos-Manuel Ortiz-Mendoza, Ernesto Pérez-Chávez, Tania-Angélica De-la Fuente-Vera
BACKGROUND: According to some studies, the metabolic syndrome causes diverse primary cancers; however, there is no evidence about metabolic syndrome impact on second cancers development in women. AIM: To find out the implication of the modified metabolic syndrome in women with second cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study, at a general hospital in Mexico City, in women with second cancers (cases) and age-matched women with only one neoplasm (controls)...
October 2016: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009045/natural-selection-and-type-2-diabetes-associated-mortality-in-an-isolated-indigenous-community-in-the-valley-of-oaxaca-southern-mexico
#12
Bertis B Little, Maria Eugenia Peña Reyes, Robert M Malina
OBJECTIVE: This study tests the hypothesis that natural selection is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D)-associated mortality and fertility in a rural isolated Zapotec community in the Valley of Oaxaca, southern Mexico. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Mortality data and related demographic and genealogic information were linked with data for fertility, prereproductive mortality and family history of mortality attributed to T2D. Physician verified T2D mortality (n = 27) between 1980 and 2009 and imputed T2D (n = 70) from cardiovascular mortality (68% random sample) and renal failure (44% random sample)...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004615/healthy-eating-patterns-associated-with-acculturation-sex-and-bmi-among-mexican-americans
#13
Belinda Reininger, MinJae Lee, Rose Jennings, Alexandra Evans, Michelle Vidoni
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships of healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns with BMI, sex, age and acculturation among Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Participants completed culturally tailored Healthy and Unhealthy Eating Indices. Multivariable mixed-effect Poisson regression models compared food pattern index scores and dietary intake of specific foods by BMI, sex, age and acculturation defined by language preference and generational status. SETTING: Participants recruited from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort study, Texas-Mexico border region, between 2008 and 2011...
December 22, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000458/relationship-between-social-support-networks-and-diabetes-control-and-its-impact-on-the-quality-of-life-in-older-community-dwelling-mexicans
#14
Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez, Cristina Flores-Bello, Elsa Correa-Muñoz, Raquel Retana-U Galde, Mirna Ruiz-Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between social support networks and diabetes control and its impact on quality of life in older community-dwelling Mexicans. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a convenience sample of 182 older diabetic people who were active participants in community self-care and mutual help groups in Mexico City for more than one year. All were independents and had medical diagnostics determining that they had diabetes without complications for one year or more...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997475/diabetes-among-people-with-tuberculosis-hiv-infection-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-and-stds-in-new-york-city-2006-2010
#15
Ann Drobnik, Alexander Breskin, Jennifer Fuld, Christine Chan, James Hadler, Bahman Tabaei, Natalie Stennis, Shama Ahuja, Winfred Wu, Jay K Varma
Matching infectious disease surveillance data has become a routine activity for many health departments. With the increasing focus on chronic disease, it is also useful to explore opportunities to match infectious and chronic disease surveillance data. To understand the burden of diabetes in New York City (NYC), adults with select infectious diseases (tuberculosis, HIV infection, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, and syphilis) reported between 2006 and 2010 were matched with hemoglobin A1c results reported in the same period...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996114/mexican-american-dementia-nomogram-development-of-a-dementia-risk-index-for-mexican-american-older-adults
#16
Brian Downer, Amit Kumar, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Mukaila Raji, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVES: To create a risk index (Mexican American Dementia Nomogram (MADeN)) that predicts dementia over a 10-year period for Mexican Americans aged 65 and older. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with longitudinal analysis. SETTING: Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and California. PARTICIPANTS: Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (H-EPESE) participants (n = 1,739). MEASUREMENTS: Dementia was defined as a decline of three or more points per year on the Mini-Mental State Examination and inability to perform one or more daily activities...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987078/heterogeneous-diagnoses-underlying-radial-ray-anomalies
#17
Rosalba Sevilla-Montoya, Mónica Aguinaga, Alejandro Martínez, Guadalupe Razo, Bertha Molina, Sara Frías, Patricia Grether
OBJECTIVE: To review perinatal Radial Ray Anomaly (RRA) cases born at the National Institute of Perinatology, Mexico, and to reveal the heterogeneous diagnoses of these patients. METHODS: All patients with RRA over a 18 mo period were included; 4/15 were detected prenatally and 11/15 postnatally. Karyotype was performed for all patients with bilateral RRA; and chromosomal breakage analysis, when the karyotype was normal. RESULTS: Fifteen RRA patients were identified: one with trisomy 18, three with an isolated defect, six with monogenic disease, four with a genetic association and one with diabetic embryopathy...
December 17, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959614/diabetes-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-mexico-city
#18
Jesus Alegre-Díaz, William Herrington, Malaquías López-Cervantes, Louisa Gnatiuc, Raul Ramirez, Michael Hill, Colin Baigent, Mark I McCarthy, Sarah Lewington, Rory Collins, Gary Whitlock, Roberto Tapia-Conyer, Richard Peto, Pablo Kuri-Morales, Jonathan R Emberson
Background Most large, prospective studies of the effects of diabetes on mortality have focused on high-income countries where patients have access to reasonably good medical care and can receive treatments to establish and maintain good glycemic control. In those countries, diabetes less than doubles the rate of death from any cause. Few large, prospective studies have been conducted in middle-income countries where obesity and diabetes have become common and glycemic control may be poor. Methods From 1998 through 2004, we recruited approximately 50,000 men and 100,000 women 35 years of age or older into a prospective study in Mexico City, Mexico...
November 17, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955851/-maternal-metabolic-diseases-related-to-pre-pregnancy-overweight-and-obesity-in-mexican-women-with-high-risk-pregnancy
#19
Salvador Hernández-Higareda, Omar-Alejandro Pérez-Pérez, Luz-Ma-Adriana Balderas-Peña, Brenda-Eugenia Martínez-Herrera, Ana-Leticia Salcedo-Rocha, Rosa-Emilia Ramírez-Conchas
INTRODUCTION: Pre-pregnancy obesity has been proposed as a risk factor related to gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: Identify pregnancy related diseases associated with pre-pregnancy obesity as a risk factor ina high risk preganancy patient population. METHODS: 600 patients whose pre-pregnancy obesity had been assessed as a high risk factor were included in the study. The means, standard deviation, median, interquartile intervals, Pearson and Spearman correlation and logistic regression to estimate risk with the odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals were calculated...
December 9, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910880/diabetes-high-diabetes-mellitus-linked-mortality-in-mexico
#20
Charlotte Ridler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
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