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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812826/a-policy-analysis-on-the-proactive-prevention-of-chronic-disease-learnings-from-the-initial-implementation-of-integrated-measurement-for-early-detection-mido
#1
Roberto Tapia-Conyer, Rodrigo Saucedo-Martínez, Ricardo Mújica-Rosales, Héctor Gallardo-Rincón, Evan Lee, Craig Waugh, Lucía Guajardo, Braulio Torres-Beltrán, Úrsula Quijano-González, Mauricio López-Mendez, Elena Rose Atkinson
Mexico, like many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), faces an epidemic of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), specifically diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and lipid disorders. Many people with these NCDs may not be aware that they have a disease, pointing to the need for broader screening programs. The traditional prevention policy in Mexico was based on screening with a paper-based risk factor questionnaire. However, this was used to screen patients already seeking healthcare services at facilities, and screening goals were set as a function of the number of questionnaires applied, not number of individuals screened...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811094/-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-smp-t2d-questionnaire-in-spanish-for-evaluating-self-management-of-high-blood-pressure-and-type-2-diabetes-pag-dt2-hta
#2
G M Galván Flores, K Gallegos Carrillo, S Palomo Piñon, S Sánchez García, J Cuadros Moreno, M V Martínez Olivares, J J Cuevas Cancino, I Grijalva, R Sánchez Arenas
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is one of the most common chronic conditions worldwide. It affects one in every 3 adults over 40, while one in 10 suffers from diabetes. For both diseases, adherence to pharmacological treatment is over 30%, and self-management, which takes into account diet and physical activity, is still unknown, as there is no tool available to measure self-management. Therefore, the object of this study was to adapt and validate the Spanish version of the self-management profile for type 2 diabetes (SMP-T2D) questionnaire in patients with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure among users of first level care in the social security institution of Mexico...
August 12, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771141/risk-factors-and-molecular-mechanisms-associated-with-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-resistance-in-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-in-mexico
#3
Sandra Abril Herrera-Heredia, César Pezina-Cantú, Elvira Garza-González, Paola Bocanegra-Ibarias, Soraya Mendoza-Olazarán, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Licet Villarreal-Treviño, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Laura Paláu-Davila, Héctor Jesús Maldonado-Garza, Samantha Flores-Treviño
PURPOSE: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a multidrug-resistant opportunistic pathogen causing an increasing number of nosocomial infections. Our aim was to evaluate the risk factors and mechanisms associated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT) resistance in S. maltophilia infections in Mexico. METHODOLOGY: Clinical isolates and patients' demographic and clinical data were collected from February 2007 to August 2015 in two tertiary-care hospitals in Mexico. Antimicrobial susceptibility and analysis of sul and SmeABC and SmeDEF efflux pump overexpression were performed in all isolates...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767292/us-healthcare-experiences-of-hispanic-patients-with-diabetes-and-family-members-a-qualitative-analysis
#4
Karen A Amirehsani, Jie Hu, Debra C Wallace, Zulema A Silva, Sarah Dick, Lauren N West-Livingston, Christina R Hussami
Hispanics in the United States experience significant health disparities. Using focus groups conducted in Spanish, we explored the perspectives of 172 Hispanic adults regarding their healthcare experiences. Many participants were women (64.5%) and primarily from Mexico (80%). Four major qualitative themes emerged: (a) provide us with information, (b) want attentive and respectful relationships, (c) want better care, and (d) perceived discrimination. Suboptimal patient-provider interactions were described. Research is needed to explore interventions that address these issues...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760596/serum-resistin-levels-inversely-associated-with-cardiovascular-risk-indices-in-type-2-diabetics-from-central-mexico
#5
Dania G Solis-Cano, Leonardo M Porchia, M Elba Gonzalez-Mejia, Ricardo Pérez-Fuentes, Guadalupe Ruiz-Vivanco, Adriana Nieva-Vazquez, Enrique Torres-Rasgado
AIMS: Since, resistin has been associated with coronary heart disease and with the progression of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), our objective was to determine the correlation between resistin and cardiovascular risk (CVR) in subjects with increasing degrees of hyperglycemia. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, the anthropometric and biochemical profiles were collected from 180 subjects from Puebla, Mexico. Subjects were separated into Normoglycemic (NGT), pre-diabetic (PT2D), or T2D...
July 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740845/perspectives-on-a-us-mexico-border-community-s-diabetes-and-health-care-access-mobilization-efforts-and-comparative-analysis-of-community-health-needs-over-12%C3%A2-years
#6
Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales, Jill Eileen Guernsey de Zapien, Jean Chang, Maia Ingram, Maria L Fernandez, Scott C Carvajal, Lisa K Staten
This paper describes a community coalition-university partnership to address health needs in an underserved US-Mexico border, community. For approximately 15 years, this coalition engaged in community-based participatory research with community organizations, state/local health departments, and the state's only accredited college of public health. Notable efforts include the systematic collection of health-relevant data 12 years apart and data that spawned numerous health promotion activities. The latter includes specific evidence-based chronic disease-preventive interventions, including one that is now disseminated and replicated in Latino communities in the US and Mexico, and policy-level changes...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735523/histochemistry-and-immunolocalisation-of-glucokinin-in-antidiabetic-plants-used-in-traditional-mexican-medicine
#7
Guillermo Laguna-Hernández, Carlos A Rio-Zamorano, Itzel G Meneses-Ochoa, Alicia E Brechú-Franco
Mexico is a megadiverse country that has 3,600 to 4,000 species of medicinal plants, of which approximately 800 are used to treat conditions related to diabetes mellitus (DM). DM is a chronic degenerative disease of energy metabolism that exists as two types: type 1 (DM1) and type 2 (DM2). DM is considered a public health problem that affects 7% of the Mexican population older than 20 years. DM is clinically controlled with hypoglycaemic drugs, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, insulin secretion stimulants or the direct application of insulin...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697997/the-impact-of-parental-history-of-type-2-diabetes-on-hyperinsulinemia-and-insulin-resistance-in-subjects-from-central-mexico
#8
Ana Paula Acevedo-Negrete, Leonardo M Porchia, M Elba Gonzalez-Mejia, Enrique Torres-Rasgado, Dania G Solis-Cano, Guadalupe Ruiz-Vivanco, Ricardo Pérez-Fuentes
AIMS: Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance are both associated with the development of Type 2 Diabetes and other pathologies; however, the influence of parental history of Type 2 diabetes (PH-T2D) has yet to be investigated. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effect of PH-T2D has on the risk of developing hyperinsulinemia and IR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1092 subjects (703 non-pregnant females and 389 males) were enrolled for a cross-sectional study...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690854/association-between-serum-uric-acid-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-prepubertal-obese-children-tanner-stage-i-from-nuevo-le%C3%A3-n-mexico-a-preliminary-study
#9
Elizabeth Solis Perez, Mario Alberto González Medina, Manuel Lopez-Cabanillas Lomeli, Verónica Tijerina González, Jesús Zacarías Villarreal Pérez, Fernando J Lavalle González, Victorine Imrhan, Shanil Juma, Parakat Vijayagopal, Kittipong Boonme, Chandan Prasad
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Previous studies in obese children demonstrating a positive association between serum uric acid (sUA) and components of MetS are confounded by lack of uniformity in age and pubertal status of children. Therefore, we have examined the role of sUA in MetS and its components in pre-pubertal children (Tanner Stage I, age ≤ 9 years). METHODS: Pre-pubertal obese children (32 boys, 27 girls, age 6-9 years) were recruited from Nuevo Leon, Mexico...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688048/susceptibility-background-for-type-2-diabetes-in-eleven-mexican-indigenous-populations-hnf4a-gene-analysis
#10
M A Granados-Silvestre, M G Ortiz-López, J Granados, S Canizales-Quinteros, Rosenda I Peñaloza-Espinosa, C Lechuga, V Acuña-Alonzo, K Sánchez-Pozos, M Menjivar
The genetic risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) increases in parallel with the proportion of Native American ancestry. Mestizo Mexicans have a 70% Native Amerindian genetic background. The T130I polymorphism in the HNF4A gene has been associated with early-onset T2D in mestizo Mexicans. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency and relationship of the T130I variant in the HNF4A gene with risk factors for developing T2D in eleven indigenous groups from Mexico. In two groups, all exons of the HNF4A gene were directly sequenced; in the remaining the T130I polymorphism was analyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphism...
July 7, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685055/identification-of-genetic-variants-in-pharmacogenetic-genes-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-in-a-mexican-mestizo-population
#11
Nidia Samara Rodríguez-Rivera, Patricia Cuautle-Rodríguez, Fernando Castillo-Nájera, Juan Arcadio Molina-Guarneros
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most prevalent chronic pathologies in the world. In developing countries, such as Mexico, its prevalence represents an important public health and research issue. Determining factors triggering T2DM are environmental and genetic. While diet, exercise and proper weight control are the first measures recommended to improve the quality of life and life expectancy of patients, pharmacological treatment is usually the next step. Within every population there are variations in interindividual drug response, which may be due to genetic background...
July 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682727/bacterial-prevalence-and-antibiotic-resistance-in-clinical-isolates-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-the-northeast-of-tamaulipas-mexico
#12
Mario Sánchez-Sánchez, Wendy Lizeth Cruz-Pulido, Eduardo Bladinieres-Cámara, Rodrigo Alcalá-Durán, Gildardo Rivera-Sánchez, Virgilio Bocanegra-García
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a serious and common problem in patients with diabetes mellitus and constitute one of the major causes of lower extremity amputation. The microbiological profile of DFUs depends on the acute or chronic character of the wound. Aerobic gram-positive cocci are the predominant organisms isolated from DFUs. Diabetic foot biopsies from patients admitted to the Angiology and Vascular Surgery Hospital of the Northeast, in Reynosa, Tamaulipas from December 2011 to April 2016 were analyzed...
June 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666119/type-2-diabetes-variants-disrupt-function-of-slc16a11-through-two-distinct-mechanisms
#13
Victor Rusu, Eitan Hoch, Josep M Mercader, Danielle E Tenen, Melissa Gymrek, Christina R Hartigan, Michael DeRan, Marcin von Grotthuss, Pierre Fontanillas, Alexandra Spooner, Gaelen Guzman, Amy A Deik, Kerry A Pierce, Courtney Dennis, Clary B Clish, Steven A Carr, Bridget K Wagner, Monica Schenone, Maggie C Y Ng, Brian H Chen, Federico Centeno-Cruz, Carlos Zerrweck, Lorena Orozco, David M Altshuler, Stuart L Schreiber, Jose C Florez, Suzanne B R Jacobs, Eric S Lander
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) affects Latinos at twice the rate seen in populations of European descent. We recently identified a risk haplotype spanning SLC16A11 that explains ∼20% of the increased T2D prevalence in Mexico. Here, through genetic fine-mapping, we define a set of tightly linked variants likely to contain the causal allele(s). We show that variants on the T2D-associated haplotype have two distinct effects: (1) decreasing SLC16A11 expression in liver and (2) disrupting a key interaction with basigin, thereby reducing cell-surface localization...
June 29, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613287/geriatric-syndromes-and-not-cardiovascular-risk-factors-are-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-among-mexican-community-dwelling-elderly-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Omar Yaxmehen Bello-Chavolla, Carlos Alberto Aguilar-Salinas, José Alberto Avila-Funes
BACKGROUND: The association of cognitive impairment and type 2 diabetes has been consistently shown in several studies, yet its association with geriatric syndromes has not been fully explored. OBJECTIVE: To study the correlates of cognitive impairment among community-dwelling elderly with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 135 diabetic persons aged 70 years or older participating in the Coyoacán Cohort Study in Mexico City...
May 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607931/genetic-epidemiology-of-type-2-diabetes-in-mexican-mestizos
#15
REVIEW
Eiralí Guadalupe García-Chapa, Evelia Leal-Ugarte, Valeria Peralta-Leal, Jorge Durán-González, Juan Pablo Meza-Espinoza
There are currently about 415 million people with diabetes worldwide, a figure likely to increase to 642 million by 2040. In 2015, Mexico was the second Latin American country and sixth in the world in prevalence of this disorder with nearly 11.5 million of patients. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is the main kind of diabetes and its etiology is complex with environmental and genetic factors involved. Indeed, polymorphisms in several genes have been associated with this disease worldwide. To estimate the genetic epidemiology of T2D in Mexican mestizos a systematic bibliographic search of published articles through PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science was conducted...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600309/dulce-digital-an-mhealth-sms-based-intervention-improves-glycemic-control-in-hispanics-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Addie L Fortmann, Linda C Gallo, Maria Isabel Garcia, Mariam Taleb, Johanna A Euyoque, Taylor Clark, Jessica Skidmore, Monica Ruiz, Sapna Dharkar-Surber, James Schultz, Athena Philis-Tsimikas
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes is growing in epidemic proportions and disproportionately affects lower income, diverse communities. Text messaging may provide one of the most rapid methods to overcome the "digital divide" to improve care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A randomized, nonblinded, parallel-groups clinical trial design allocated N = 126 low-income, Hispanic participants with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes to receive the Dulce Digital intervention or usual care (UC)...
June 9, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591508/-considerations-concerning-medical-knowledge-inherited-in-mexico-from-19th-century-the-diabetes-mellitus-case
#17
Javier Eduardo García de Alba-García, Ana Leticia Salcedo-Rocha, María Eugenia Milke-Najar, Carlos Alonso-Reynoso, Javier Eugenio García de Alba-Verduzco
In Mexico, as in the entire Western world, during the 19th century and the beginnings of the 20th century, medical knowledge developed in a remarkable way and the case of diabetes mellitus was not the exception. This situation, which arose on the basis of the antique paradigm, and which in turn was overthrown by the positivism as the emergent paradigm (with its clinical and anatomical, as well as physiopathological and etiopathological viewpoints), was reflected during the 19th the century through its actors and the communications that opened the access of Mexican medicine to the modernity...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588968/who-and-national-lists-of-essential-medicines-in-mexico-central-and-south-america-and-the-caribbean-are-they-adequate-to-promote-paediatric-endocrinology-and-diabetes-care
#18
Amanda Rowlands, Alejandra Acosta-Gualandri, Jaime Guevara-Aguirre, Jean-Pierre Chanoine
Paediatric endocrinology and diabetes is a paediatric specialty with less common conditions and higher cost medicines. Access to medicines for our specialty in low and middle income countries remains limited. We analysed the content of the WHO (children and adults) and of all available national Model Lists of Essential Medicines (EMLs) for Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America from a paediatric endocrinology and diabetes standpoint. A master list of medicines deemed necessary in paediatric endocrinology and diabetes was established and compared with the WHO and national EMLs, taking into account the gross national income...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582452/heritability-and-genetic-correlation-between-gerd-symptoms-severity-metabolic-syndrome-and-inflammation-markers-in-families-living-in-mexico-city
#19
Arturo Reding-Bernal, Valentin Sánchez-Pedraza, Hortensia Moreno-Macías, Sergio Sobrino-Cossio, María Elizabeth Tejero-Barrera, Ana Isabel Burguete-García, Mireya León-Hernández, María Fabiola Serratos-Canales, Ravindranath Duggirala, Juan Carlos López-Alvarenga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the heritability (h2) and genetic correlation (ρG) between GERD symptoms severity, metabolic syndrome components, and inflammation markers in Mexican families. METHODS: Cross-sectional study which included 32 extended families resident in Mexico City. GERD symptoms severity was assessed by the ReQuest in Practice questionnaire. Heritability and genetic correlation were determined using the Sequential Oligogenic Linkage Analysis Routines software...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553819/educational-differences-in-health-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-brazil-and-mexico
#20
Flavia C D Andrade, Mariana López-Ortega
OBJECTIVE: This study examines educational differences in health conditions among middle-aged and older adults in Brazil and Mexico. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the 2013 Brazilian National Health Survey and the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey were used in the analyses. We used multivariate Poisson regressions to examine the relationship between educational level and prevalence of common health conditions (obesity, abdominal obesity, diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and hearing and visual impairments)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
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