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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241373/agreement-between-the-point-of-care-tests-for-microalbuminuria-and-hba1c-performed-in-mexican-family-medicine-units-and-the-results-of-standard-laboratory-tests
#1
Leticia A Valdez-González, Araceli Méndez-Padrón, Rita A Gómez-Díaz, Adán Valladares-Salgado, Martha Catalina Sánchez-Becerra, Rafael Mondragón-González, Jaime Hernández-Rubí, Arturo González-Hermosillo, Miguel Cruz, Víctor Borja, Niels H Wacher
The albumin-creatinine ratio is considered an indicator of microalbuminuria, precursor to chronic kidney disease, while HbA1c is used to measure glycemic control. Given the prevalence of diabetes-related nephropathy, spot testing of albumin has long been recommended as a preventative measure, for the timely detection of microalbuminuria. However, many countries do not have this testing available in primary care, and sometimes not even in second- and third-level care. The objective of this study was to compare agreement of the microalbuminuria and HbA1c results obtained in the laboratory with 'gold standard' techniques, with those obtained on site with a 'Point of Care' DCA Vantage™ device by Siemens...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237342/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-late-stage-colorectal-cancer-among-hispanics-and-non-hispanic-whites-of-new-mexico
#2
Melissa Gonzales, Fares Qeadan, Shiraz I Mishra, Ashwani Rajput, Richard M Hoffman
INTRODUCTION: Hispanics in New Mexico are diagnosed with more later-stage colorectal cancer (CRC) than non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). Our study evaluated the interaction of race/ethnicity and risk factors for later-stage III and IV CRC among patients in New Mexico. METHOD: CRC patients ages 30 to 75 years ( n = 163, 46% Hispanic) completed a survey on key explanatory clinical, lifestyle, preventive health, and demographic variables for CRC risk. Adjusted logistic regression models examined whether these variables differentially contributed to later-stage CRC among NHW versus Hispanics...
December 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234483/the-influence-of-emerging-markets-on-the-pharmaceutical-industry
#3
REVIEW
Maya Tannoury, Zouhair Attieh
Emerging markets represent an exceptional opportunity for the pharmaceutical industry. Although a precise definition is not yet available, economists define emerging markets as developing prosperous countries in which investment is expected to result in higher income despite high risks. Qualifying a market as emerging is not merely based on the economic status of the country, but also on several criteria that render the definition applicable to each country. Jim O'Neil, retired chairman of asset management at Goldman Sachs, identified leading economies of emerging markets: Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC) and later Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) and then Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, and Turkey (MIST), which followed years later as the second tier of nations...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221432/sex-and-ethnic-racial-specific-risk-factors-for-gallbladder-disease
#4
Jane C Figueiredo, Christopher Haiman, Jacqueline Porcel, James Buxbaum, Daniel Stram, Neal Tambe, Wendy Cozen, Lynne Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder disease (GBD) is a highly prevalent condition; however, little is known about potential differences in risk factors by sex and ethnicity/race. Our aim was to evaluate dietary, reproductive and obesity-related factors and GBD in multiethnic populations. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis from the Multiethnic Cohort study who self-identified as non-Hispanic White (n = 32,103), African American (n = 30,209), Japanese (n = 35,987), Native Hawaiian (n = 6942) and Latino (n = 39,168)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200722/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-postprandial-glycemic-activity-of-citrus-limetta-peel-flour
#5
José Miguel Flores-Fernández, Carla Patricia Barragán-Álvarez, Nestor Emmanuel Díaz-Martínez, Socorro Villanueva-Rodríguez, Eduardo Padilla-Camberos
Background: Previous studies of Citrus spp. peel have shown hypoglycemic and antioxidant activities. Citrus limetta has been studied for its therapeutic properties. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a health problem in Mexico and worldwide, that takes a vital importance due to its high incidence. Recently, scientists have searched natural sources to control the disease. Materials and Methods: In this study, we evaluated the in vitro hypoglycemic activity and in vivo postprandial glycemic effect of C...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194458/evidence-of-increasing-sedentarism-in-mexico-city-during-the-last-decade-sitting-time-prevalence-trends-and-associations-with-obesity-and-diabetes
#6
Catalina Medina, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Ruy López-Ridaura, Simón Barquera
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behaviors such as sitting time are associated with obesity and diabetes independently of total reported physical activity. This study aimed to describe the current sitting time/day prevalence and trends and to examine the association of sitting time with sociodemographic and clinical variables in Mexico City. METHODS: Two cross-sectional representative surveys in Mexico City were used for this analysis (2006: n = 1148 and 2015: n = 1329)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193938/-knowledge-behavior-and-perception-of-oral-health-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Gabriela García-Morales, Denny Kennia Barrera-Lagunas
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease occurs severely in patients with diabetes, also causes high blood glucose. The objective of this article was to determine knowledge, behavior and perception of oral health in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Cross-sectional study performed at the Unidad de Medicina Familiar No. 26 in Acapulco, Guerrero, México; 376 patients with type 2 diabetes were included. Sociodemographic questionnaire, knowledge, behavior and perception of oral health was applied...
September 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192641/diabetes-or-hypertension-as-risk-indicators-for-missing-teeth-experience-an-exploratory-study-in-a-sample-of-mexican-adults
#8
V J Delgado-Pérez, R De La Rosa-Santillana, M L Márquez-Corona, L Ávila-Burgos, H Islas-Granillo, M Minaya-Sánchez, C E Medina-Solís, G Medina-SolIs
BACKGROUND: To determine an exploratory estimation of the strength of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension diagnoses as risk indicators for missing teeth in a sample of Mexican adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study of sixty adult patients in a health center in Mexico included as dependent variable, the number of missing teeth (and having a functional dentition) and as independent variables, diagnoses for diabetes or hypertension, age, sex, maximum level of schooling, and tobacco use...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190866/-chronic-kidney-disease-in-mexico-and-its-relation-with-heavy-metals
#9
Nancy Libertad Chávez-Gómez, Alejandro Cabello-López, Rodrigo Gopar-Nieto, Guadalupe Aguilar-Madrid, Kennia Stephanie Marin-López, Maricruz Aceves-Valdez, Carmina Jiménez-Ramírez, María Cruz-Angulo, Cuauhtémoc Arturo Juárez-Pérez
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem in Mexico, causing 25% of deaths related to diabetes mellitus (DM) and 28% related to hypertensive heart disease. In 2008 CKD reached the highest incidence of end-stage renal disease in the world. Diabetes mellitus is the main risk factor associated with CKD in Mexican population; however, heavy metals such as lead, arsenic, cadmium and mercury have been associated to nephropathies. In Mexico there are still high levels of these compounds in occupational and environmental settings; therefore, chronic exposures to these metals persist...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137843/-blood-pressure-in-a-native-tzotzil-population-from-the-state-of-chiapas-mexico
#10
Enrique Villarreal-García, Lourdes Verónica Villarreal-García
OBJECTIVE: To determine the blood pressure in a native Tzotzil population from the state of Chiapas, Mexico. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional study on a Chenalho Tzotzil population from Chiapas, Mexico, from August to December 2015, aged between 20 to 60 years-old. Patients with diabetes mellitus and hypertension were excluded, as well as pregnant patients. The sample size was 205, using as sample basis, the list of patients that went to the healthy patient wellness clinic...
November 11, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103861/public-and-private-hospital-care-disparities-of-ischemic-stroke-in-mexico-results-from-the-primer-registro-mexicano-de-isquemia-cerebral-premier-study
#11
José Luis Ruiz-Sandoval, María Eugenia Briseño-Godínez, Erwin Chiquete-Anaya, Antonio Arauz-Góngora, Rogelio Troyo-Sanromán, Juan Didier Parada-Garza, Alma Ramos-Moreno, Fernando Barinagarrementería, Luis Manuel Murillo-Bonilla, Carlos Cantú-Brito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mortality and bad outcome by stroke are higher in developing countries than in industrialized countries. Health-care system efficiency could explain these disparities. Our objective was to identify the impact on short- and middle-term outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) among public and private Mexican medical care. METHODS: We analyzed data from patients with AIS included in the Primer Registro Mexicano de Isquemia Cerebral (PREMIER) study...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102307/trends-in-frequency-of-type-2-diabetes-in-mexico-and-its-relationship-to-dietary-patterns-and-contextual-factors
#12
Guadalupe Soto-Estrada, Laura Moreno Altamirano, Juan José García-García, Iván Ochoa Moreno, Martín Silberman
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the evolution of the frequency of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its relationship to eating patterns in Mexico from 1961 to 2013, and the Gini coefficient, Human Development Index (HDI) and Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Mexico ranked sixth in world prevalence of diabetes in 2015 with an estimated 11.4 million Mexicans affected. METHOD: Using data from the Balance Sheets Food published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the means of apparent food consumption (kcal/person/day) were grouped by decades...
October 26, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077696/hyperuricemia-on-admission-predicts-short-term-mortality-due-to-myocardial-infarction-in-a-population-with-high-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#13
Mauricio Mora-Ramírez, Irving O Estevez-Garcia, María E Irigoyen-Camacho, Rafael Bojalil, Héctor Gonzalez-Pacheco, Luis M Amezcua-Guerra
BACKGROUND: National health surveys have revealed an outstandingly high prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes in Mexico. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether serum uric acid levels on admission may predict short-term mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in a population with an unusually high prevalence of classic cardiovascular risks. METHODS: A total of 795 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing primary reperfusion therapy were classified as having normouricemia or hyperuricemia according to serum uric acid levels at admission, and the occurrence of mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events during coronary care unit stay was assessed...
September 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074514/projecting-diabetes-prevalence-among-mexicans-aged-50-years-and-older-the-future-elderly-model-mexico-fem-mexico
#14
Cesar Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Bryan Tysinger, Dana P Goldman, Rebeca Wong
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes has been growing as a major health problem and a significant burden on the population and on health systems of developing countries like Mexico that are also ageing fast. The goal of the study was to estimate the future prevalence of diabetes among Mexico's older adults to assess the current and future health and economic burden of diabetes. DESIGN: A simulation study using longitudinal data from three waves (2001, 2003 and 2012) of the Mexican Health and Aging Study and adapting the Future Elderly Model to simulate four scenarios of hypothetical interventions that would reduce diabetes incidence and to project the future diabetes prevalence rates among populations 50 years and older...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059040/pilot-test-of-a-culturally-appropriate-diabetes-prevention-intervention-for-at-risk-latina-women
#15
Jessica L McCurley, Addie L Fortmann, Angela P Gutierrez, Patricia Gonzalez, Johanna Euyoque, Taylor Clark, Jessica Preciado, Aakif Ahmad, Athena Philis-Tsimikas, Linda C Gallo
Purpose The purpose of the study was to test the preliminary effectiveness, feasibility, and acceptability of a peer-led, culturally appropriate, Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP)-based lifestyle intervention for Latina women at high-risk for type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Methods Participants (N = 61) were overweight/obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥25) Latina women with no diabetes, at elevated risk either due to midlife age (45-65 years; n = 37) or history of gestational diabetes mellitus (n = 24). The study used a 1-group pretest-posttest design and offered 12 weeks of peer-led education sessions in a community setting...
December 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040557/divergence-and-convergence-in-cause-specific-premature-adult-mortality-in-mexico-and-us-mexican-hispanics-from-1995-to-2015-analyses-of-4-9-million-individual-deaths
#16
Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, Carlos Manuel Guerrero-López, Mauricio Hernández Ávila, Hyacinth Irving, Prabhat Jha
Background: Mexicans and US Mexican Hispanics share modifiable determinants of premature mortality. We compared trends in mortality at ages 30-69 in Mexico and among US Mexican Hispanics from 1995 to 2015. Methods: We examined nationally representative statistics on 4.2 million Mexican and 0.7 million US deaths to examine cause-specific mortality. We used lung cancer indexed methods to estimate smoking-attributable deaths stratified by high and lower burden Mexican states...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037269/prevalence-of-prediabetes-and-modifiable-factors-in-an-ethnic-group-of-mexico-the-comc%C3%A3-ac-project
#17
Monica Daniela Robles-Ordaz, Ana Cristina Gallegos-Aguilar, Rene Urquidez-Romero, Rolando Giovanni Diaz-Zavala, Marcos Gerardo Lavandera-Torres, Julian Esparza-Romero
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and modifiable factors associated with prediabetes in the Comcáac Indians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study where prediabetes was defined using fasting plasma glucose, 2 h plasma glucose and glycated Hb (HbA1c). Physical, anthropometric and biochemical measurements, medical record, socio-economic, dietary and physical activity information were collected. The modifiable factors associated with prediabetes were assessed using multiple logistic regression...
October 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030128/expansion-of-diabetes-education-in-a-united-states-mexico-border-community-expanding-services-for-patients-to-acquire-new-skills-set-goals-and-improve-overall-knowledge
#18
Melissa Carrillo, Jeri Sias, Jacquelyn P Navarrete, Sam Aboud, Enrique Valenzuela
OBJECTIVES: To describe the process used by a pharmacy team at a community health center to coordinate and expand diabetes education services (English and Spanish) for a predominantly Hispanic, Spanish-speaking population. SETTING: The project was implemented at 2 clinics in a federally qualified community health center system based in a low-income southwest U.S.-Mexico border community. PRACTICE INNOVATION: This project enhanced accessibility to diabetes education to improve knowledge, skills, and goal setting through existing pharmacy services at the primary clinic and 1 rural satellite clinic...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023230/a-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-tool-for-low-income-adults-in-mexico
#19
Kenny Mendoza-Herrera, Amado D Quezada, Andrea Pedroza-Tobías, Cesar Hernández-Alcaraz, Jans Fromow-Guerra, Simón Barquera
INTRODUCTION: A national diabetic retinopathy screening program does not exist in Mexico as of 2017. Our objective was to develop a screening tool based on a predictive model for early detection of diabetic retinopathy in a low-income population. METHODS: We analyzed biochemical, clinical, anthropometric, and sociodemographic information from 1,000 adults with diabetes in low-income communities in Mexico (from 11,468 adults recruited in 2014-2016). A comprehensive ophthalmologic evaluation was performed...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991271/diabetes-mellitus-and-optic-atrophy-study-of-the-wolfram-syndrome
#20
Bernardette Rivas-Gómez, Alfredo Adolfo Reza-Albarrán
Background: Wolfram syndrome (WS), also known by the acronym DIDMOAD, is a rare and progresive hereditary disease of autosomal recessive inheritance which minimum ascertainment diagnostic criteria are the occurrence together of diabetes mellitus and optic atrophy before 15 years of age. Objective: To describe the clinical, biochemical and molecular profile of WS in a tertiary care hospital in Mexico. Materials and Methods: We reviewed patients records who fulfill the minimum ascertainment diagnostic criteria of WS presenting between January 1987 and May 2015 in a tertiary care hospital in Mexico...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
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