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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023230/a-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-tool-for-low-income-adults-in-mexico
#1
Kenny Mendoza-Herrera, Amado D Quezada, Andrea Pedroza-Tobías, Cesar Hernández-Alcaraz, Jans Fromow-Guerra, Simón Barquera
INTRODUCTION: A national diabetic retinopathy screening program does not exist in Mexico as of 2017. Our objective was to develop a screening tool based on a predictive model for early detection of diabetic retinopathy in a low-income population. METHODS: We analyzed biochemical, clinical, anthropometric, and sociodemographic information from 1,000 adults with diabetes in low-income communities in Mexico (from 11,468 adults recruited in 2014-2016). A comprehensive ophthalmologic evaluation was performed...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991271/diabetes-mellitus-y-atrofia-%C3%A3-ptica-estudio-del-s%C3%A3-ndrome-de-wolfram
#2
Bernardette Rivas-Gómez, Alfredo Adolfo Reza-Albarrán
Antecedentes: El síndrome de Wolfram (SW), también conocido por el acrónimo DIDMOAD, es una enfermedad hereditaria rara y progresiva, de transmisión autosómica recesiva, cuyos criterios diagnósticos mínimos son diabetes mellitus y atrofia óptica antes de los 15 años de edad. Objetivo: Describir la presentación clínica, bioquímica y molecular del SW en un hospital de tercer nivel en México. Material y Métodos: Se revisaron los expedientes de pacientes que cumplían con criterios diagnósticos clínicos mínimos de SW atendidos entre enero de 1987 y mayo de 2015 en un hospital de tercer nivel en -México...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969720/is-there-a-link-between-availability-of-food-and-beverage-establishments-and-bmi-in-mexican-adults
#3
Mariana Molina, Edson Serván-Mori, Amado D Quezada, M Arantxa Colchero
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between density of stores (food and beverage stores, stores selling only fruits and vegetables, and supermarkets) and the BMI of adults aged ≥20 years in Mexico. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was performed. Individual data came from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, while information on stores was taken from the National Institute of Geography and Statistics' National Statistics Directory of Economic Units. A weighted least-squares model was estimated to test the association between density of stores and BMI of adults adjusting for sex, age, education, presence of hypertension, diabetes or both, household assets index and marginality index at the municipality level...
October 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951154/controversies-and-evidence-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-diverse-hispanic-population
#4
REVIEW
Palma M Shaw, Venita Chandra, Guillermo A Escobar, Nicholas Robbins, Vincent Rowe, Robyn Macsata
OBJECTIVE: Hispanics account for approximately 17% of the U.S. POPULATION: They are one of the fastest growing racial/ethnic groups, second only to Asians. This heterogeneous population has diverse socioeconomic conditions, making the prevention, diagnosis, and management of vascular disease difficult. This paper discusses the cultural, racial, and social aspects of the Hispanic community in the United States and assesses how they affect vascular disease within this population...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929119/liver-biomarkers-and-lipid-profiles-in-mexican-and-mexican-american-10-to-14-year-old-adolescents-at-risk-for-type-2-diabetes
#5
Ana Cecilia Fernández-Gaxiola, Roxana Valdés-Ramos, Kimberly G Fulda, Ana Laura Guadarrama López, Beatriz E Martínez-Carrillo, Susan F Franks, Shane Fernando
Liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) are markers for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); alkaline phosphatase is a marker of liver disease. Mexican-American adolescents are disproportionately affected by T2DM, while in Mexico its prevalence is emerging. We assessed liver biomarkers and lipid profiles among Mexican and Mexican-American adolescents 10-14 years old with high/low risk of T2DM through a cross-sectional, descriptive study (Texas n = 144; Mexico n = 149). We included family medical histories, anthropometry, and blood pressure...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924338/neovascular-glaucoma-a-retrospective-review-from-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-mexico
#6
Gabriel Lazcano-Gomez, Jeffrey R Soohoo, Anne Lynch, Levi N Bonell, Karina Martinez, Mauricio Turati, Roberto Gonzalez-Salinas, Jesus Jimenez-Roman, Malik Y Kahook
AIM: To describe the demographic characteristics, ocular comorbidities, and clinical outcomes of patients with neovascular glaucoma (NVG) and to determine the number of patients who returned for a follow-up eye examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the clinical data of patients with NVG, who attended a glaucoma clinic between July 2010 and November 2014. We collected information on the demographic characteristics of the patients to include the level of education, ocular comorbidities, NVG stage, visual acuity, glaucoma medications, intraocular pressure (IOP), and the number of patients who had a follow-up ocular examination at month 1, 3, 6, and 12...
May 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915303/prevalence-of-functional-dentition-in-a-group-of-mexican-adult-males
#7
Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Juan Fernando Casanova-Rosado, Ana Alicia Vallejos-Sánchez, Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado, María de Lourdes Márquez-Corona, Martha Mendoza-Rodríguez, Gerardo Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of functional dentition and associated periodontal variables in a sample of Mexican adult males. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 161 policemen in Campeche, Mexico, was carried out. A clinical examination using an electronic probe was used to collect variables (dental plaque, periodontal pockets, gingival recession, suppuration, and bleeding on probing) on 6 periodontal sites (a maximum of 168 sites, excluding third molars)...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904969/sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-centenarians-in-mexico-city
#8
Valdés-Corchado Pedro, Ruiz-Hernández Arturo, Pérez-Moreno Alejandro, Rosas-Carrasco Oscar
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about the demography and health status of adults aged 100 years and over in Latin America and there are no studies in Mexico. OBJECTIVES: To describe the demographic characteristics and health status of centenarians residing in Mexico City. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using a population base of 393 community-dwelling centenarians in Mexico City. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed, including demographic information and health status...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904744/clinical-and-surgical-characteristics-of-infected-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-a-tertiary-hospital-of-mexico
#9
Estrella Cervantes-García, Paz María Salazar-Schettino
Background: The objective of this study was to determine the clinical and surgical characteristics of diabetic foot ulcers in a tertiary level hospital in Mexico. Methods: We performed a longitudinal, descriptive study from July, 2012 to August, 2015 on a sample composed of 100 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and infected diabetic foot ulcers. We analyzed socio-demographic variables, comorbidities, characteristics of ulcers, and the applied treatment. Results: We found that the most affected areas were the forefoot (48%) and the plantar region (55%) of the foot...
2017: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903800/predicting-treatment-failure-death-and-drug-resistance-using-a-computed-risk-score-among-newly-diagnosed-tb-patients-in-tamaulipas-mexico
#10
B E Abdelbary, M Garcia-Viveros, H Ramirez-Oropesa, M H Rahbar, B I Restrepo
The purpose of this study was to develop a method for identifying newly diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) patients at risk for TB adverse events in Tamaulipas, Mexico. Surveillance data between 2006 and 2013 (8431 subjects) was used to develop risk scores based on predictive modelling. The final models revealed that TB patients failing their treatment regimen were more likely to have at most a primary school education, multi-drug resistance (MDR)-TB, and few to moderate bacilli on acid-fast bacilli smear. TB patients who died were more likely to be older males with MDR-TB, HIV, malnutrition, and reporting excessive alcohol use...
September 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902317/-methodological-design-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2016
#11
Martín Romero-Martínez, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Ignacio Méndez Gómez-Humarán, Elsa Berenice Gaona-Pineda, Luz María Gómez-Acosta, Juan Ángel Rivera-Dommarco, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila
Objective: Describe the design methodology of the halfway health and nutrition national survey (Ensanut-MC) 2016. Materials and methods: The Ensanut-MC is a national probabilistic survey whose objective population are the inhabitants of private households in Mexico. The sample size was determined to make inferences on the urban and rural areas in four regions. Describes main design elements: target population, topics of study, sampling procedure, measurement procedure and logistics organization...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871828/eating-behaviors-and-emotional-distress-are-predicted-by-treatment-and-adverse-outcome-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Arnulfo González-Cantú, Leonor Mireles-Zavala, Anabel Rodríguez-Romo, Elizabeth Olavide-Aguilar, Natalia Eloisa De la Garza-Hernández, Maria Elena Romero-Ibarguengoitia
Depression and anxiety are hightly prevalent among patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), however not commonly related to outcomes, treatment and comorbidities. Eating behaviors could also have an implication. To evaluate the relation between mood and eating behaviors with demographic, physical, treatment, biochemical profiles and chronic comorbidities in T2D we conducted this exploratory cross sectional study in a population from Mexico. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire Revised 21 (TFEQ-R21) were correlated with age, gender, blood pressure, treatment and comorbidities (nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy and cardiopathy)...
September 5, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870280/glucose-and-cholesterol-stabilization-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-by-problem-solving-therapy-in-primary-care-centers-in-mexico-city
#13
Valerio Villamil-Salcedo, Blanca E Vargas-Terrez, Jorge Caraveo-Anduaga, Jorge González-Olvera, Adriana Díaz-Anzaldúa, José Cortés-Sotres, Magdalena Pérez-Ávila
Aim The aim of this study was to determine if the problem-solving therapy (PST) helps control metabolic variables in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who show depressive and anxiety symptoms. BACKGROUND: T2DM is a chronic-degenerative multifactorial disease. It is considered one of the main public health problems in the world, and it represents an important social and economic burden. It is frequently associated with major depression and anxiety disorders, which are related with high glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) concentrations and poor metabolic control...
September 5, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812826/a-policy-analysis-on-the-proactive-prevention-of-chronic-disease-learnings-from-the-initial-implementation-of-integrated-measurement-for-early-detection-mido
#14
Roberto Tapia-Conyer, Rodrigo Saucedo-Martínez, Ricardo Mújica-Rosales, Héctor Gallardo-Rincón, Evan Lee, Craig Waugh, Lucía Guajardo, Braulio Torres-Beltrán, Úrsula Quijano-González, Mauricio López-Mendez, Elena Rose Atkinson
Mexico, like many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), faces an epidemic of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), specifically diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and lipid disorders. Many people with these NCDs may not be aware that they have a disease, pointing to the need for broader screening programs. The traditional prevention policy in Mexico was based on screening with a paper-based risk factor questionnaire. However, this was used to screen patients already seeking healthcare services at facilities, and screening goals were set as a function of the number of questionnaires applied, not number of individuals screened...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811094/-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-smp-t2d-questionnaire-in-spanish-for-evaluating-self-management-of-high-blood-pressure-and-type-2-diabetes-pag-dt2-hta
#15
G M Galván Flores, K Gallegos Carrillo, S Palomo Piñon, S Sánchez García, J Cuadros Moreno, M V Martínez Olivares, J J Cuevas Cancino, I Grijalva, R Sánchez Arenas
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is one of the most common chronic conditions worldwide. It affects one in every 3 adults over 40, while one in 10 suffers from diabetes. For both diseases, adherence to pharmacological treatment is over 30%, and self-management, which takes into account diet and physical activity, is still unknown, as there is no tool available to measure self-management. Therefore, the object of this study was to adapt and validate the Spanish version of the self-management profile for type 2 diabetes (SMP-T2D) questionnaire in patients with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure among users of first level care in the social security institution of Mexico...
August 12, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771141/risk-factors-and-molecular-mechanisms-associated-with-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-resistance-in-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-in-mexico
#16
Sandra Abril Herrera-Heredia, César Pezina-Cantú, Elvira Garza-González, Paola Bocanegra-Ibarias, Soraya Mendoza-Olazarán, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Licet Villarreal-Treviño, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Laura Paláu-Davila, Héctor Jesús Maldonado-Garza, Samantha Flores-Treviño
PURPOSE: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a multidrug-resistant opportunistic pathogen causing an increasing number of nosocomial infections. Our aim was to evaluate the risk factors and mechanisms associated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT) resistance in S. maltophilia infections in Mexico. METHODOLOGY: Clinical isolates and patients' demographic and clinical data were collected from February 2007 to August 2015 in two tertiary-care hospitals in Mexico. Antimicrobial susceptibility and analysis of sul and SmeABC and SmeDEF efflux pump overexpression were performed in all isolates...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767292/us-healthcare-experiences-of-hispanic-patients-with-diabetes-and-family-members-a-qualitative-analysis
#17
Karen A Amirehsani, Jie Hu, Debra C Wallace, Zulema A Silva, Sarah Dick, Lauren N West-Livingston, Christina R Hussami
Hispanics in the United States experience significant health disparities. Using focus groups conducted in Spanish, we explored the perspectives of 172 Hispanic adults regarding their healthcare experiences. Many participants were women (64.5%) and primarily from Mexico (80%). Four major qualitative themes emerged: (a) provide us with information, (b) want attentive and respectful relationships, (c) want better care, and (d) perceived discrimination. Suboptimal patient-provider interactions were described. Research is needed to explore interventions that address these issues...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760596/serum-resistin-levels-inversely-associated-with-cardiovascular-risk-indices-in-type-2-diabetics-from-central-mexico
#18
Dania G Solis-Cano, Leonardo M Porchia, M Elba Gonzalez-Mejia, Ricardo Pérez-Fuentes, Guadalupe Ruiz-Vivanco, Adriana Nieva-Vazquez, Enrique Torres-Rasgado
AIMS: Since, resistin has been associated with coronary heart disease and with the progression of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), our objective was to determine the correlation between resistin and cardiovascular risk (CVR) in subjects with increasing degrees of hyperglycemia. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, the anthropometric and biochemical profiles were collected from 180 subjects from Puebla, Mexico. Subjects were separated into Normoglycemic (NGT), pre-diabetic (PT2D), or T2D...
July 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740845/perspectives-on-a-us-mexico-border-community-s-diabetes-and-health-care-access-mobilization-efforts-and-comparative-analysis-of-community-health-needs-over-12%C3%A2-years
#19
Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales, Jill Eileen Guernsey de Zapien, Jean Chang, Maia Ingram, Maria L Fernandez, Scott C Carvajal, Lisa K Staten
This paper describes a community coalition-university partnership to address health needs in an underserved US-Mexico border, community. For approximately 15 years, this coalition engaged in community-based participatory research with community organizations, state/local health departments, and the state's only accredited college of public health. Notable efforts include the systematic collection of health-relevant data 12 years apart and data that spawned numerous health promotion activities. The latter includes specific evidence-based chronic disease-preventive interventions, including one that is now disseminated and replicated in Latino communities in the US and Mexico, and policy-level changes...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735523/histochemistry-and-immunolocalisation-of-glucokinin-in-antidiabetic-plants-used-in-traditional-mexican-medicine
#20
Guillermo Laguna-Hernández, Carlos A Rio-Zamorano, Itzel G Meneses-Ochoa, Alicia E Brechú-Franco
Mexico is a megadiverse country that has 3,600 to 4,000 species of medicinal plants, of which approximately 800 are used to treat conditions related to diabetes mellitus (DM). DM is a chronic degenerative disease of energy metabolism that exists as two types: type 1 (DM1) and type 2 (DM2). DM is considered a public health problem that affects 7% of the Mexican population older than 20 years. DM is clinically controlled with hypoglycaemic drugs, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, insulin secretion stimulants or the direct application of insulin...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
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