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Hearing loss and cognitive

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428741/assessing-auditory-processing-deficits-in-tinnitus-and-hearing-impaired-patients-with-the-auditory-behavior-questionnaire
#1
Isabel Diges, Francisco Simón, Pedro Cobo
Background and Purpose: Auditory processing disorders (APD), tinnitus and hearing loss (HL) are typical issues reported by patients in audiologic clinics. These auditory impairments can be concomitant or mutually excluding. APD are not necessarily accompanied by significant HL, whereas many adults exhibit peripheral HL and typical cognitive deficits often associated with APD. Since HL, tinnitus and APD affects to several parts of the ascending auditory pathway from the periphery to the auditory cortex, there could be some interrelationship between them...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425563/differences-in-interregional-brain-connectivity-in-children-with-unilateral-hearing-loss
#2
Matthew E Jung, Miranda Colletta, Rebecca Coalson, Bradley L Schlaggar, Judith E C Lieu
OBJECTIVES: To identify functional network architecture differences in the brains of children with unilateral hearing loss (UHL) using resting-state functional-connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fcMRI). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. METHODS: Children (7 to 17 years of age) with severe to profound hearing loss in one ear, along with their normal hearing (NH) siblings, were recruited and imaged using rs-fcMRI. Eleven children had right UHL; nine had left UHL; and 13 had normal hearing...
April 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420004/hearing-loss-and-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#3
Rebecca Heywood, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Philip Yap, Tih-Shih Lee, Keng Bee Yap, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze Pin Ng
AIM: To investigate the associations between hearing loss and prevalent and incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI), dementia and MCI or dementia (all cases). METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of baseline and follow-up data were performed in a population-based cohort. The baseline sample of 2,599 adults aged ≥55 included 1,515 cognitively normal subjects who were followed up to 8 years. Hearing loss at baseline was determined by the whispered voice test, and MCI and dementia by Mini-Mental State Examination screening, Clinical Dementia Rating scale, neurocognitive tests, MRI, and panel consensus diagnosis...
April 19, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399330/arginine-supplementation-for-prevention-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#4
REVIEW
Prakeshkumar S Shah, Vibhuti S Shah, Lauren E Kelly
BACKGROUND: Decreased concentration of nitric oxide has been proposed as one of the possible cellular mechanisms of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). Arginine can act as a substrate for production of nitric oxide in the tissues, and arginine supplementation may help to prevent NEC. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of arginine supplementation (administered by any route) on the incidence of NEC in preterm neonates. To conduct subgroup analyses based on the dose of arginine and the gestational age of participants (≤ 32 weeks, > 32 weeks)...
April 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387664/efficacy-of-hearing-aids-on-the-cognitive-status-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-hearing-loss-a-multicenter-controlled-randomized-trial
#5
Marie-France Nguyen, Marc Bonnefoy, Arnaud Adrait, Marine Gueugnon, Charles Petitot, Lionel Collet, Adeline Roux, Xavier Perrot
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the cognitive benefit of hearing aids (HA) in older patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and hearing loss (HL) after a 6- and 12-month period of utilization. METHODS: A multicenter double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial was conducted in patients aged more than 65 years. A group was equipped with active HA for 6 months (active group) and a second group had placebo HA for 6 months (placebo group) followed by a secondary activation phase for a further 6 months (semi crossover procedure)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384805/speech-recognition-in-adults-with-cochlear-implants-the-effects-of-working-memory-phonological-sensitivity-and-aging
#6
Aaron C Moberly, Michael S Harris, Lauren Boyce, Susan Nittrouer
Purpose: Models of speech recognition suggest that "top-down" linguistic and cognitive functions, such as use of phonotactic constraints and working memory, facilitate recognition under conditions of degradation, such as in noise. The question addressed in this study was what happens to these functions when a listener who has experienced years of hearing loss obtains a cochlear implant. Method: Thirty adults with cochlear implants and 30 age-matched controls with age-normal hearing underwent testing of verbal working memory using digit span and serial recall of words...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384694/auditory-phenotype-of-smith-magenis-syndrome
#7
Megan A Brendal, Kelly A King, Christopher K Zalewski, Brenda M Finucane, Wendy Introne, Carmen C Brewer, Ann C M Smith
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the auditory phenotype of a large cohort with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), a rare disorder including physical anomalies, cognitive deficits, sleep disturbances, and a distinct behavioral phenotype. Method: Hearing-related data were collected for 133 individuals with SMS aged 1-49 years. Audiogram data (97 participants) were used for cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Caregivers completed a sound sensitivity survey for 98 individuals with SMS and a control group of 24 unaffected siblings...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376938/does-treating-hearing-loss-prevent-or-slow-the-progress-of-dementia-hearing-is-not-all-in-the-ears-but-who-s-listening
#8
Stephen M Stahl
Since hearing loss is strongly linked to cognitive decline, treating hearing impairment may have the potential to prevent the onset or slow the progress of dementia.
April 5, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332767/bcap31-associated-encephalopathy-and-complex-movement-disorder-mimicking-mitochondrial-encephalopathy
#9
Saleh Albanyan, Amal Al Teneiji, Nasim Monfared, Saadet Mercimek-Mahmutoglu
BCAP31, encoded by BCAP31, is involved in the export of transmembrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum. Pathogenic variants in BCAP31 results in global developmental delay, dystonia, deafness and dysmorphic features in males, called deafness, dystonia, and cerebral hypomyelination (DDCH) syndrome. We report a new patient with BCAP3-associated encephalopathy, DDCH syndrome, sensorineural hearing loss, generalized dystonia, and choreoathetosis. This 3.5-year-old boy had microcephaly and failure to thrive within the first 3 months of life...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#10
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
April 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296815/anterior-trunk-mobility-does-not-predict-disability-in-elderly-women-with-acute-low-back-pain-brazilian-back-complaints-in-the-elders-bace-brazil-study-results
#11
Diogo Carvalho Felicio, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Barbara Zille de Queiroz, Juscelio Pereira da Silva, Amanda Aparecida Oliveira Leopoldino, Leani Souza Maximo Pereira
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, ancillary study of an international multicenter epidemiological study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of the anterior trunk mobility with self-report and physical performance measures in elderly women with acute low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LBP is one of the most prevalent pain complaints in the elderly population. It is postulated that the increased range of motion (ROM) of limited joints of the trunk may improve LBP and functionality of patients...
March 14, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280057/discourses-of-prejudice-in-the-professions-the-case-of-sign-languages
#12
Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Donna Jo Napoli, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, Scott Smith
There is no evidence that learning a natural human language is cognitively harmful to children. To the contrary, multilingualism has been argued to be beneficial to all. Nevertheless, many professionals advise the parents of deaf children that their children should not learn a sign language during their early years, despite strong evidence across many research disciplines that sign languages are natural human languages. Their recommendations are based on a combination of misperceptions about (1) the difficulty of learning a sign language, (2) the effects of bilingualism, and particularly bimodalism, (3) the bona fide status of languages that lack a written form, (4) the effects of a sign language on acquiring literacy, (5) the ability of technologies to address the needs of deaf children and (6) the effects that use of a sign language will have on family cohesion...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277212/the-effect-of-signal-to-noise-ratio-on-linguistic-processing-in-a-semantic-judgment-task-an-aging-study
#13
Nicholas Stanley, Tara Davis, Julie Estis
BACKGROUND: Aging effects on speech understanding in noise have primarily been assessed through speech recognition tasks. Recognition tasks, which focus on bottom-up, perceptual aspects of speech understanding, intentionally limit linguistic and cognitive factors by asking participants to only repeat what they have heard. On the other hand, linguistic processing tasks require bottom-up and top-down (linguistic, cognitive) processing skills and are, therefore, more reflective of speech understanding abilities used in everyday communication...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275357/different-teams-same-conclusions-a-systematic-review-of-existing-clinical-guidelines-for-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-tinnitus-in-adults
#14
Thomas E Fuller, Haula F Haider, Dimitris Kikidis, Alec Lapira, Birgit Mazurek, Arnaud Norena, Sarah Rabau, Rachelle Lardinois, Christopher R Cederroth, Niklas K Edvall, Petra G Brueggemann, Susanne N Rosing, Anestis Kapandais, Dorte Lungaard, Derek J Hoare, Rilana F F Cima
Background: Though clinical guidelines for assessment and treatment of chronic subjective tinnitus do exist, a comprehensive review of those guidelines has not been performed. The objective of this review was to identify current clinical guidelines, and compare their recommendations for the assessment and treatment of subjective tinnitus in adults. Method: We systematically searched a range of sources for clinical guidelines (as defined by the Institute of Medicine, United States) for the assessment and/or treatment of subjective tinnitus in adults...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271168/-perception-of-hearing-problems-in-the-older-population
#15
S Moser, W Luxenberger, W Freidl
BACKGROUND: Age-related hearing loss is one of the most common chronic sensory impairments in the older population. This chronic condition is associated with bio-psychosocial consequences such as cognitive decline, depression, withdrawal, isolation, and reduced wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the perception of hearing problems among older women and men (≥55 years) with age-related hearing loss. Furthermore, the association between functional hearing loss and perceived hearing problems was examined...
March 7, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270784/auditory-and-non-auditory-contributions-for-unaided-speech-recognition-in-noise-as-a-function-of-hearing-aid-use
#16
Anja Gieseler, Maike A S Tahden, Christiane M Thiel, Kirsten C Wagener, Markus Meis, Hans Colonius
Differences in understanding speech in noise among hearing-impaired individuals cannot be explained entirely by hearing thresholds alone, suggesting the contribution of other factors beyond standard auditory ones as derived from the audiogram. This paper reports two analyses addressing individual differences in the explanation of unaided speech-in-noise performance among n = 438 elderly hearing-impaired listeners (mean = 71.1 ± 5.8 years). The main analysis was designed to identify clinically relevant auditory and non-auditory measures for speech-in-noise prediction using auditory (audiogram, categorical loudness scaling) and cognitive tests (verbal-intelligence test, screening test of dementia), as well as questionnaires assessing various self-reported measures (health status, socio-economic status, and subjective hearing problems)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253695/characterizing-the-binaural-contribution-to-speech-in-noise-reception-in-elderly-hearing-impaired-listeners
#17
Tobias Neher
To scrutinize the binaural contribution to speech-in-noise reception, four groups of elderly participants with or without audiometric asymmetry <2 kHz and with or without near-normal binaural intelligibility level difference (BILD) completed tests of monaural and binaural phase sensitivity as well as cognitive function. Groups did not differ in age, overall degree of hearing loss, or cognitive function. Analyses revealed an influence of BILD status but not audiometric asymmetry on monaural phase sensitivity, strong correlations between monaural and binaural detection thresholds, and monaural and binaural but not cognitive BILD contributions...
February 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240981/working-memory-sleep-and-hearing-problems-in-patients-with-tinnitus-and-hearing-loss-fitted-with-hearing-aids
#18
Reza Zarenoe, Mathias Hällgren, Gerhard Andersson, Torbjörn Ledin
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is a common condition and there is a need to evaluate effects of tinnitus management in relation to moderating factors such as degree of hearing loss. As it is possible that tinnitus influences concentration, and thus is likely to disturb cognitive processing, the role of cognitive functioning also needs to be investigated. PURPOSE: To compare a group of patients with sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus to a control group with only sensorineural hearing loss (and no tinnitus)...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240978/evaluation-of-the-self-fitting-process-with-a-commercially-available-hearing-aid
#19
Elizabeth Convery, Gitte Keidser, Mark Seeto, Margot McLelland
BACKGROUND: Hearing aids and personal sound amplification products that are designed to be self-fitted by the user at home are becoming increasingly available in the online marketplace. While these devices are often marketed as a low-cost alternative to traditional hearing health-care, little is known about people's ability to successfully use and manage them. Previous research into the individual components of a simulated self-fitting procedure has been undertaken, but no study has evaluated performance of the procedure as a whole using a commercial product...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226077/superficial-siderosis-of-the-central-nervous-system-is-a-rare-and-possibly-underdiagnosed-disorder
#20
Yara Dadalti Fragoso, Tarso Adoni, Joseph Bruno Bidin Brooks, Sidney Gomes, Marcus Vinicius Magno Goncalves, Cassio Lemos Jovem, Andre Palma da Cunha Matta, Joao Filipe Oliveira, Fabio Siquinelli, Carlos Bernardo Tauil, Guilherme Navarro Troiani, Paulo Roberto Wille
Methods: Series of cases collected from Brazilian centers. Results: We studied 13 cases of patients presenting with progressive histories of neurological dysfunction caused by SS-CNS. The most frequent clinical findings in these patients were progressive gait ataxia, hearing loss, hyperreflexia and cognitive dysfunction. The diagnoses of SS-CNS were made seven months to 30 years after the disease onset. Conclusion: SS-CNS is a rare disease that may remain undiagnosed for long periods...
February 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
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