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Hearing loss and cognitive

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138749/auris-system-providing-vibrotactile-feedback-for-hearing-impaired-population
#1
Felipe Alves Araujo, Fabricio Lima Brasil, Allison Candido Lima Santos, Luzenildo de Sousa Batista Junior, Savio Pereira Fonseca Dutra, Carlos Eduardo Coelho Freire Batista
Deafness, an issue that affects millions of people around the globe, is manifested in different intensities and related to many causes. This impairment negatively affects different aspects of the social life of the deaf people, and music-centered situations (concerts, religious events, etc.) are obviously not inviting for them. The Auris System was conceived to provide the musical experimentation for people who have some type of hearing loss. This system is able to extract musical information from audio and create a representation for music pieces using different stimuli, a new media format to be interpreted by other senses than the hearing...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137413/abnormal-neural-activities-of-directional-brain-networks-in-patients-with-long-term-bilateral-hearing-loss
#2
Long-Chun Xu, Gang Zhang, Yue Zou, Min-Feng Zhang, Dong-Sheng Zhang, Hua Ma, Wen-Bo Zhao, Guang-Yu Zhang
The objective of the study is to provide some implications for rehabilitation of hearing impairment by investigating changes of neural activities of directional brain networks in patients with long-term bilateral hearing loss. Firstly, we implemented neuropsychological tests of 21 subjects (11 patients with long-term bilateral hearing loss, and 10 subjects with normal hearing), and these tests revealed significant differences between the deaf group and the controls. Then we constructed the individual specific virtual brain based on functional magnetic resonance data of participants by utilizing effective connectivity and multivariate regression methods...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131084/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-chronic-tinnitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Laurence McKenna, Elizabeth M Marks, Christopher A Hallsworth, Roland Schaette
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is experienced by up to 15% of the population and can lead to significant disability and distress. There is rarely a medical or surgical target and psychological therapies are recommended. We investigated whether mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) could offer an effective new therapy for tinnitus. METHODS: This single-site randomized controlled trial compared MBCT to intensive relaxation training (RT) for chronic, distressing tinnitus in adults...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130437/remote-hearing-aid-support-the-next-frontier
#4
Gina P Angley, Jean Anne Schnittker, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce health-care disparities, there has been a recent surge of interest in the remote provision of care. Audiologists have begun to provide screening, diagnostic, and rehabilitative services via telehealth technologies. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and perceived benefits of providing remote hearing aid follow-up appointments in a controlled clinical environment and in participants' homes. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive quasi-experimental study was completed...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117815/health-risk-appraisals-with-aging-adults-an-integrative-review
#5
Vicki Simpson, Lindsey Pedigo
Identification of risk factors unique to the aging experience is vital to support health promotion efforts and prevent loss of independence for the increasing aging population. Health risk appraisals are tools capable of identifying a broad range of factors that affect health; however, these tools were designed for use with predominantly healthy working-age adults. The purpose of this integrative review was to describe uses and adaptations of health risk appraisals with aging adults. A total of 43 articles met inclusion criteria, identifying multiple adaptations necessary to effectively identify the risks faced by aging adults, including those related to activities of daily living, pain, depression, social support/network, vision, hearing, and cognitive status...
November 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107467/-adult-deafness-towards-new-paradigm
#6
David Bakhos, Charles Aussedat, Elsa Legris, Jean-Marie Aoustin, Jérôme Nevoux
Screening and early treatment of deafness regardless of age is essential. Deafness leads to social isolation, depression, and decreased cognitive function. The diagnosis requires an otoscopy and a confirmation of the type and degree of deafness by audiometry. Sudden deafness and meningitis are neuro-sensorial emergencies. Deafness may be the mode of disclosure of an autoimmune disease or part of the evolutionary profile. Hearing complaints with a normal classical audiogram may be the manifestation of a so-called "hidden" hearing loss and must be explored more carefully...
October 26, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097033/-the-tumors-of-the-ear
#7
X Dubernard, J-C Kleiber, E Brenet, M-A Louges, Y Veleine, M Labrousse, M Makeieff, A Bazin, A Chays
Any cutaneous lesion of the outer ear must be managed jointly by a dermatologist and an ENT, regardless of the age of the patient. The presence of a malignant cutaneous carcinoma (Squamous cell carcinoma or melanoma) of the pavilion requires a minimum extension assessment by a cervical ultrasound, CT-scan and MRI will be prescribed according to the degree of infiltration and the presence of clinics signs (lymphadenopathy, facial paralysis, cognitive impairment). A polyp of the external auditory meatus must be systematically biopsied in consultation and, if necessary, in the operating room with fresh anatomopathological analysis...
October 30, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072542/a-critical-review-of-hearing-aid-single-microphone-noise-reduction-studies-in-adults-and-children
#8
Foong Yen Chong, Lorienne M Jenstad
PURPOSE: Single-microphone noise reduction (SMNR) is implemented in hearing aids to suppress background noise. The purpose of this article was to provide a critical review of peer-reviewed studies in adults and children with sensorineural hearing loss who were fitted with hearing aids incorporating SMNR. METHOD: Articles published between 2000 and 2016 were searched in PUBMED and EBSCO databases. RESULTS: Thirty-two articles were included in the final review...
October 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067347/a-randomized-feasibility-pilot-trial-of-hearing-treatment-for-reducing-cognitive-decline-results-from-the-aging-and-cognitive-health-evaluation-in-elders-pilot-study
#9
Jennifer A Deal, Marilyn S Albert, Michelle Arnold, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Theresa Chisolm, Sonia Davis, Ann Eddins, Nancy W Glynn, Adele M Goman, Melissa Minotti, Thomas Mosley, George W Rebok, Nicholas Reed, Elizabeth Rodgers, Victoria Sanchez, A Richey Sharrett, Josef Coresh, Frank R Lin
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss (HL) is prevalent and independently related to cognitive decline and dementia. There has never been a randomized trial to test if HL treatment could reduce cognitive decline in older adults. METHODS: A 40-person (aged 70-84 years) pilot study in Washington County, MD, was conducted. Participants were randomized 1:1 to a best practices hearing or successful aging intervention and followed for 6 months. clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02412254...
September 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066873/application-of-a-computer-based-neurocognitive-assessment-battery-in-the-elderly-with-and-without-hearing-loss
#10
Christiane Völter, Lisa Götze, Michael Falkenstein, Stefan Dazert, Jan Peter Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Due to demographic changes, the number of people suffering not only from dementia illness but also from hearing impairment with the need for hearing rehabilitation have increased noticeably. Even with the association between hearing, age, and cognitive decline being well known, this issue has so far not played an important role in daily clinical Ear Nose Throat settings. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of a computer-based battery of tests of neurocognitive abilities in older patients with and without hearing loss...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049623/subjective-fatigue-in-children-with-hearing-loss-assessed-using-self-and-parent-proxy-report
#11
Benjamin W Y Hornsby, Samantha J Gustafson, Hope Lancaster, Sun-Joo Cho, Stephen Camarata, Fred H Bess
Purpose: The primary purposes of this study were to examine the effects of hearing loss and respondent type (self- vs. parent-proxy report) on subjective fatigue in children. We also examined associations between child-specific factors and fatigue ratings. Method: Subjective fatigue was assessed using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (PedsQL-MFS; Varni, Burwinkle, Katz, Meeske, & Dickinson, 2002). We compared self- and parent-proxy ratings from 60 children with hearing loss (CHL) and 43 children with normal hearing (CNH)...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049601/age-related-changes-in-objective-and-subjective-speech-perception-in-complex-listening-environments
#12
Karen S Helfer, Gabrielle R Merchant, Peter A Wasiuk
Purpose: A frequent complaint by older adults is difficulty communicating in challenging acoustic environments. The purpose of this work was to review and summarize information about how speech perception in complex listening situations changes across the adult age range. Method: This article provides a review of age-related changes in speech understanding in complex listening environments and summarizes results from several studies conducted in our laboratory. Results: Both degree of high frequency hearing loss and cognitive test performance limit individuals' ability to understand speech in difficult listening situations as they age...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025322/auditory-and-cognitive-development-in-a-partially-deaf-child-with-bilateral-electro-acoustic-stimulation-a-case-study
#13
Josef Seebacher, Franz Muigg, Natalie Fischer, Viktor Weichbold, Kurt Stephan, Patrick Zorowka, Harald R Bliem, Joachim Schmutzhard
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term evolution of speech and intelligence in a child with partial deafness and normal hearing in the low frequencies after sequentially receiving cochlear implants in both ears. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. STUDY SAMPLE: Male child aged 6 years was followed over a time period of four years. RESULTS: The paediatric patient had normal hearing up to 1 kHz and profound hearing loss at all higher frequencies symmetrical in both ears...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020839/learning-from-the-longitudinal-outcomes-of-children-with-hearing-impairment-lochi-study-summary-of-5-year-findings-and-implications
#14
Teresa Y C Ching, Harvey Dillon, Greg Leigh, Linda Cupples
OBJECTIVE: This article summarises findings of the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI) study, and discusses implications of the findings for research and clinical practice. DESIGN: A population-based study on outcomes of children with hearing loss. Evaluations were conducted at five years of age. STUDY SAMPLE: Participants were 470 children born with hearing loss between 2002 and 2007 in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland in Australia, and who first received amplification or cochlear implantation by three years of age...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990181/long-term-impairment-attributable-to-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Marjolein J Korndewal, Anne Marie Oudesluys-Murphy, Aloys C M Kroes, Marianne A B van der Sande, Hester E de Melker, Ann C T M Vossen
AIM: This study aimed to estimate long-term impairment attributable to congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMV). METHOD: This nationwide cohort study retrospectively assessed cCMV in children born in 2008 in the Netherlands, testing 31 484 stored neonatal dried blood spots. Extensive medical data of cCMV-positive children (n=133) and matched cCMV-negative comparison children (n=274) up to 6 years of age were analysed. RESULTS: Moderate to severe long-term impairment was diagnosed in 24...
October 9, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983455/long-term-cognitive-and-somatic-outcomes-of-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-untransplanted-hurler-syndrome
#16
Julie B Eisengart, Jeanine Jarnes, Alia Ahmed, Igor Nestrasil, Richard Ziegler, Kathleen Delaney, Elsa Shapiro, Chester Whitley
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) was added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel for newborn screening in 2016, highlighting recognition that early treatment of MPS I is critical to stem progressive, irreversible disease manifestations. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is an approved treatment for all MPS I phenotypes, but because the severe form (MPS IH, Hurler syndrome) involves rapid neurocognitive decline, the impermeable blood-brain-barrier is considered an obstacle for ERT. Instead, hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has long been recommended, as it is believed to be the only therapy that arrests neurocognitive decline...
December 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937453/language-underperformance-in-young-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-are-the-expectations-too-low
#17
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Rose Sheldon, Sandra Grether, Mekibib Altaye, Laura Smith, Daniel I Choo, Susan Wiley
OBJECTIVE: (1) To examine language performance in the context of cognitive abilities in young children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing and (2) to identify factors associated with having a language underperformance, defined as a gap between the language standard score and the nonverbal IQ (NVIQ) standard score. METHODS: Children 6 to 82 months of age with bilateral hearing loss were enrolled. Language performance was defined as a ratio of language skills relative to cognitive abilities with language underperformance defined as a ratio of language scores to NVIQ <0...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934019/cochlear-implantation-under-conscious-sedation-with-local-anesthesia-safety-efficacy-costs-and-satisfaction
#18
Samion Shabashev, Yasser Fouad, T Kate Huncke, J Thomas Roland
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, efficiency, cost effectiveness, and satisfaction of patients undergoing cochlear implantation under conscious sedation versus general anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review of 20 patients who underwent cochlear implantation under conscious sedation which was compared to 20 age-matched patients where surgery was performed under general anesthesia. METHODS: Perioperative times, length of stay, anesthesia drug costs, postoperative complications, and patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups...
September 21, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922012/neuropsychological-outcome-of-a-case-of-susac-syndrome-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#19
Andrew W Barritt, Mirdhu Wickremaratchi, Stuart J Anderson
Susac syndrome is a rare condition characterised by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and sensorineural hearing loss. Of the few published cases, there is variability with regard to cognitive outcome. We describe the clinical course and neuropsychological performance of a 21-year-old male patient presenting with severe encephalopathy and later developing the full triad fulfilling the diagnosis of Susac syndrome.
September 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894825/hearing-loss-as-a-risk-factor-for-dementia-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Rhett S Thomson, Priscilla Auduong, Alexander T Miller, Richard K Gurgel
OBJECTIVES: To review evidence of hearing loss as a risk factor for dementia. Data Sources: PubMed Review methods: A systematic review was conducted using the PubMed database using the search terms (hearing loss OR presbycusis) AND (dementia OR cognitive decline). Initially, 488 articles were obtained. Only those studies evaluating an association between hearing loss and incident dementia or cognitive decline were included in the analysis. This resulted in 17 articles which were thoroughly evaluated with consideration for study design, method for determining hearing loss and cognitive status, relevant covariates and confounding factors, and key findings...
April 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
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