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Hearing loss and cognitive

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780970/three-challenges-for-future-research-on-cochlear-implants
#1
REVIEW
David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Michael S Harris, Aaron C Moberly
Cochlear implants (CIs) often work very well for many children and adults with profound sensorineural (SNHL) hearing loss. Unfortunately, while many CI patients display substantial benefits in recognizing speech and understanding spoken language following cochlear implantation, a large number of patients achieve poor outcomes. Understanding and explaining the reasons for poor outcomes following implantation is a very challenging research problem that has received little attention despite the pressing clinical significance...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759684/how-aging-impacts-the-encoding-of-binaural-cues-and-the-perception-of-auditory-space
#2
REVIEW
Ann Clock Eddins, Erol J Ozmeral, David A Eddins
Over the years, the effect of aging on auditory function has been investigated in animal models and humans in an effort to characterize age-related changes in both perception and physiology. Here, we review how aging may impact neural encoding and processing of binaural and spatial cues in human listeners with a focus on recent work by the authors as well as others. Age-related declines in monaural temporal processing, as estimated from measures of gap detection and temporal fine structure discrimination, have been associated with poorer performance on binaural tasks that require precise temporal processing...
May 5, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747890/detection-and-prevention-of-perinatal-infection-cytomegalovirus-and-zika-virus
#3
REVIEW
Amber M Wood, Brenna L Hughes
Congenital cytomegalovirus is the most common viral congenital infection, and affects up to 2% of neonates. Significant sequelae may develop after congenital cytomegalovirus, including hearing loss, cognitive defects, seizures, and death. Zika virus is an emerging virus with perinatal implications; a congenital Zika virus syndrome has been identified, and includes findings such as microcephaly, fetal nervous system abnormalities, and neurologic sequelae after birth. Screening, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of these perinatal infections are reviewed in this article...
June 2018: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735277/age-related-hearing-loss-innovations-in-hearing-augmentation
#4
REVIEW
Yona Vaisbuch, Peter Luke Santa Maria
Age-related hearing loss is a multifactorial condition that affects more than one-third of the aging population. Left untreated it can increase the risk of cognitive decline, dementia, social isolation, depression, and falls. Hearing augmentation devices exhibit improved digital sound processing and Smartphone connectivity. Stigma remains one of the prominent barriers and todays devices offer in the canal models, miniature sizes, and camouflage with the hair or skin color. Although rigorous scientific efforts are made in the research field of inner ear regeneration and some clinical early phase studies do exist, to date, the clinical availability is still some time away...
May 4, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732729/language-development-in-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-children-with-additional-disabilities-type-matters
#5
L Cupples, T Y C Ching, G Leigh, L Martin, M Gunnourie, L Button, V Marnane, S Hou, V Zhang, C Flynn, P Van Buynder
BACKGROUND: This study examined language development in young children with hearing loss and different types of additional disabilities (ADs). METHOD: A population-based cohort of 67 children who were enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study took part. Language ability was directly assessed at 3 and 5 years of age using the Preschool Language Scale, Fourth Edition and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Fourth Edition. Standard scores were used to enable comparison with age-based expectations for typically developing children...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729278/restoration-of-sensory-input-may-improve-cognitive-and-neural-function
#6
Hanin Karawani, Kimberly Jenkins, Samira Anderson
Age-related hearing loss is one of the most prevalent health conditions among the elderly. Hearing loss may lead to social isolation, depression, and cognitive decline in older adults. The mechanistic basis for the association between hearing loss and decreased cognitive function remains unknown as does the potential for improving cognition through hearing rehabilitation. To that end, we asked whether the restoration of sensory input through the use of hearing aids would improve cognitive and auditory neural function...
May 2, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728160/comparison-of-the-reynell-developmental-language-scale-ii-and-the-galker-test-of-word-recognition-in-noise-in-danish-day-care-children
#7
Jørgen Lous, Maj-Britt Glenn Lauritsen
OBJECTIVE: To search for predictive factors for language development measured by two receptive language tests for children, the Galker test (a word-recognition-in-noise test) testing hearing and vocabulary, and the Danish version of Reynell Developmental Language Scale (2nd revision, RDLS II) test, a language comprehension test. The study analysed if information about background variables and parents and pre-school teachers was predictive for test scores; if earlier middle ear disease, actual hearing loss and tympanometry was important for language development; and if the two receptive tests differed in terms of the degree to which variables were able to predict test scores at the age of three to five years...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725052/whole-genome-sequencing-reveals-new-insights-into-age-related-hearing-loss-cumulative-effects-pleiotropy-and-the-role-of-selection
#8
Dragana Vuckovic, Massimo Mezzavilla, Massimiliano Cocca, Anna Morgan, Marco Brumat, Eulalia Catamo, Maria Pina Concas, Ginevra Biino, Annamaria Franzè, Umberto Ambrosetti, Mario Pirastu, Paolo Gasparini, Giorgia Girotto
Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is the most common sensory disorder in the elderly. Although not directly life threatening, it contributes to loss of autonomy and is associated with anxiety, depression and cognitive decline. To search for genetic risk factors underlying ARHL, a large whole-genome sequencing (WGS) approach has been carried out in a cohort of 212 cases and controls, both older than 50 years to select genes characterized by a burden of variants specific to cases or controls. Accordingly, the total variation load per gene was compared and two groups were detected: 375 genes more variable in cases and 371 more variable in controls...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719382/can-cochlear-implantation-improve-neurocognition-in-the-aging-population
#9
Christiane Völter, Lisa Götze, Stefan Dazert, Michael Falkenstein, Jan Peter Thomas
Introduction: The relationship between cognition and the ability to hear is well known. Due to changes in demographics, the number of people with sensorineural hearing loss and cognitive impairment is increasing. The aim of this study was to identify the impact of hearing rehabilitation via cochlear implantation on cognitive decline among the aging population. Patients and methods: This prospective study included 60 subjects aged between 50 and 84 years (mean 65...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710116/baseline-cognition-assessment-among-patients-with-oropharyngeal-cancer-using-promis-and-nih-toolbox
#10
Parul Sinha, Alex W K Wong, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jay F Piccirillo
Importance: Cognitive dysfunction (CD) is recognized by the American Cancer Society as a treatment effect in head and neck cancer, but the extent of this problem at baseline in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC), the most common subsite in current practice, to our knowledge has never been studied. Objective: To assess the baseline cognition of patients with OPC using National Institutes of Health (NIH)-sponsored instruments of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery (NIHTB-CB)...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696045/perception-of-musical-emotion-in-the-students-with-cognitive-and-acquired-hearing-loss
#11
Malihe Mazaheryazdi, Mina Aghasoleimani, Maryam Karimi, Pirooz Arjmand
Objective: Hearing loss can affect the perception of emotional reaction to the music. The present study investigated whether the students with congenital hearing loss exposed to the deaf culture, percept the same emotion from the music as students with acquired hearing loss. Materials & Methods: Participants were divided into two groups; 30 students with bilaterally congenital moderate to severe hearing loss that were selected from deaf schools located in Tehran, Iran and 30 students with an acquired hearing loss with the same degree of hearing loss selected from Amiralam Hospital, Tehran, Iran and compared with the group of 30 age and gender-matched normal hearing subjects served our control in 2012...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681847/cholinergic-hypofunction-in-presbycusis-related-tinnitus-with-cognitive-function-impairment-emerging-hypotheses
#12
Qingwei Ruan, Zhuowei Yu, Weibin Zhang, Jian Ruan, Chunhui Liu, Ruxin Zhang
Presbycusis (age-related hearing loss) is a potential risk factor for tinnitus and cognitive deterioration, which result in poor life quality. Presbycusis-related tinnitus with cognitive impairment is a common phenotype in the elderly population. In these individuals, the central auditory system shows similar pathophysiological alterations as those observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD), including cholinergic hypofunction, epileptiform-like network synchronization, chronic inflammation, and reduced GABAergic inhibition and neural plasticity...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677689/neural-and-behavioral-changes-after-the-use-of-hearing-aids
#13
Hanin Karawani, Kimberly A Jenkins, Samira Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with age-related hearing loss (ARHL) can restore some loss of the auditory function with the use of hearing aids (HAs). However, what remains unknown are the physiological mechanisms that underlie how the brain changes with exposure to amplified sounds though the use of HAs. We aimed to examine behavioral and physiological changes induced by HAs. METHODS: Thirty-five older-adults with moderate ARHL with no history of hearing aid use were fit with HAs tested in aided and unaided conditions, and divided into experimental and control groups...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661612/hearing-self-motion-perception-mobility-and-aging
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer Campos, Robert Ramkhalawansingh, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
Hearing helps us know where we are relative to important events and objects in our environment and it allows us to track our changing position dynamically over space and time. Auditory cues are used in combination with other sensory inputs (visual, vestibular, proprioceptive) to help us perceive our own movements through space, known as self-motion perception. Whether we are maintaining standing balance, walking, or driving, audition can provide unique and important information to help optimize self-motion perception, and consequently to support safe mobility...
March 31, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656010/age-related-defects-in-short-term-plasticity-are-reversed-by-acetyl-l-carnitine-at-the-mouse-calyx-of-held
#15
Mahendra Singh, Pedro Miura, Robert Renden
Hearing acuity and sound localization are affected by aging and may contribute to cognitive dementias. Although loss of sensorineural conduction is well documented to occur with age, little is known regarding short-term synaptic plasticity in central auditory nuclei. Age-related changes in synaptic transmission properties were evaluated at the mouse calyx of Held, a sign-inverting relay synapse in the circuit for sound localization, in juvenile adults (1 month old) and late middle-aged (18-21 months old) mice...
March 21, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651362/permanent-unilateral-hearing-loss-uhl-and-childhood-development
#16
REVIEW
Judith E C Lieu
Purpose of Review: The aim of this study is to summarize the consequences of permanent unilateral hearing loss (UHL) on the development of children as documented in the recent literature. Recent Findings: Congenital and early-identified UHL places young children at risk for delays in speech-language development. School-aged children with UHL score lower on standardized tests of language and cognition and need increased assistance in school for educational and behavioral issues than siblings with normal hearing, and report lower hearing-related quality of life, similar to children with bilateral hearing loss (HL)...
2018: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593512/presbycusis-disrupts-spontaneous-activity-revealed-by-resting-state-functional-mri
#17
Yu-Chen Chen, Huiyou Chen, Liang Jiang, Fan Bo, Jin-Jing Xu, Cun-Nan Mao, Richard Salvi, Xindao Yin, Guangming Lu, Jian-Ping Gu
Purpose : Presbycusis, age-related hearing loss, is believed to involve neural changes in the central nervous system, which is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. The goal of this study was to determine if presbycusis disrupted spontaneous neural activity in specific brain areas involved in auditory processing, attention and cognitive function using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) approach. Methods : Hearing and resting-state fMRI measurements were obtained from 22 presbycusis patients and 23 age-, sex- and education-matched healthy controls...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575215/screening-an-elderly-hearing-impaired-population-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-using-mini-mental-state-examination-mmse-and-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca
#18
Magdalene Yeok Leng Lim, Jenny Hooi Yin Loo
OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is an association between hearing loss and poorer cognitive scores on Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and to determine if poor hearing acuity affects scoring on the cognitive screening tests of MMSE and MoCA. METHODS: One hundred fourteen elderly patients (Singapore residents) aged between 55 and 86 years were sampled. Participants completed a brief history questionnaire, pure tone audiometry, and 2 cognitive screening tests-the MMSE and MoCA...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572201/investigating-the-impact-of-hearing-aid-use-and-auditory-training-on-cognition-depressive-symptoms-and-social-interaction-in-adults-with-hearing-loss-protocol-for-a-crossover-trial
#19
Joanna Nkyekyer, Denny Meyer, Peter J Blamey, Andrew Pipingas, Sunil Bhar
BACKGROUND: Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common sensory deficit among older adults. Some of the psychosocial consequences of this condition include difficulty in understanding speech, depression, and social isolation. Studies have shown that older adults with hearing loss show some age-related cognitive decline. Hearing aids have been proven as successful interventions to alleviate sensorineural hearing loss. In addition to hearing aid use, the positive effects of auditory training-formal listening activities designed to optimize speech perception-are now being documented among adults with hearing loss who use hearing aids, especially new hearing aid users...
March 23, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570913/children-with-cochlear-implants-in-infancy-predictors-of-early-vocabulary
#20
Edith L Bavin, Julia Sarant, Greg Leigh, Luke Prendergast, Peter Busby, Candida Peterson
BACKGROUND: Language outcomes for children with cochlear implants (CIs) vary widely, even for those implanted before 2 years of age. Identifying the main influencing factors that account for some of the variability is important in order to provide information to guide appropriate clinical and intervention services for young children with CIs. However, there is limited research focusing on the predictors of early vocabulary development for children implanted in infancy. AIMS: To identify significant predictors of vocabulary (12-15 months post-implant) for a sample of 33 children with CIs, the majority implanted between 6 and 10 months of age, drawing on predictors of vocabulary reported for children with normal hearing...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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