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Hearing loss and cognitive

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087093/audiologic-and-radiologic-findings-in-cochlear-hypoplasia
#1
Betul Cicek Cinar, Merve Ozbal Batuk, Emel Tahir, Gonca Sennaroglu, Levent Sennaroglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to evaluate audiologic and radiologic findings of cochlear hypoplasia which is a subgroup of inner ear malformations. METHODS: This study was a prospective clinical study and based on voluntary participation from cases with cochlear hypoplasia diagnosis. The study was conducted at Hacettepe University, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Audiology. Subjects were selected from an inner ear malformations database...
January 10, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069466/voice-disorders-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#2
Leandro Pernambuco, Albert Espelt, Amanda C B Góis, Kenio Costa de Lima
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and the associated factors with voice disorders (VDs) in older adults living in nursing homes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: A sample of 117 Brazilian individuals of both sexes and preserved cognitive function, aged >59 years, living in 10 nursing homes, was studied. VDs were screened using the validated tool "Rastreamento de Alterações Vocais em Idosos" (RAVI-Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053826/sensorineural-organs-dysfunction-and-cognitive-decline-a-review-article
#3
REVIEW
Supakanya Wongrakpanich, Aisawan Petchlorlian, Andrew Rosenzweig
Vision, hearing, olfaction, and cognitive function are essential components of healthy and successful aging. Multiple studies demonstrate relationship between these conditions with cognitive function. The present article focuses on hearing loss, visual impairment, olfactory loss, and dual sensory impairments in relation to cognitive declination and neurodegenerative disorders. Sensorineural organ impairment is a predictive factor for mild cognitive impairment and neurodegenerative disorders in the elderly. We recommend early detection of sensorineural dysfunction by history, physical examination, and screening tests...
December 2016: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045838/effect-of-context-and-hearing-loss-on-time-gated-word-recognition-in-children
#4
Dawna Lewis, Judy Kopun, Ryan McCreery, Marc Brennan, Kanae Nishi, Evan Cordrey, Pat Stelmachowicz, Mary Pat Moeller
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine word recognition in children who are hard of hearing (CHH) and children with normal hearing (CNH) in response to time-gated words presented in high- versus low-predictability sentences (HP, LP), where semantic cues were manipulated. Findings inform our understanding of how CHH combine cognitive-linguistic and acoustic-phonetic cues to support spoken word recognition. It was hypothesized that both groups of children would be able to make use of linguistic cues provided by HP sentences to support word recognition...
December 30, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018209/speech-comprehension-difficulties-in-chronic-tinnitus-and-its-relation-to-hyperacusis
#5
Veronika Vielsmeier, Peter M Kreuzer, Frank Haubner, Thomas Steffens, Philipp R O Semmler, Tobias Kleinjung, Winfried Schlee, Berthold Langguth, Martin Schecklmann
Objective: Many tinnitus patients complain about difficulties regarding speech comprehension. In spite of the high clinical relevance little is known about underlying mechanisms and predisposing factors. Here, we performed an exploratory investigation in a large sample of tinnitus patients to (1) estimate the prevalence of speech comprehension difficulties among tinnitus patients, to (2) compare subjective reports of speech comprehension difficulties with behavioral measurements in a standardized speech comprehension test and to (3) explore underlying mechanisms by analyzing the relationship between speech comprehension difficulties and peripheral hearing function (pure tone audiogram), as well as with co-morbid hyperacusis as a central auditory processing disorder...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012522/comparison-of-intelligence-quotients-of-first-and-second-generation-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants
#6
K Amraei, S Amirsalari, M Ajalloueyan
Hearing impairment is a common type of sensory loss in children. Studies indicate that children with hearing impairment are deficient in social, cognitive and communication skills. This study compared the intelligence quotients of first- and second-generation deaf children with cochlear implants. This research is causal-comparative. All 15 deaf children investigated had deaf parents and were selected from Baqiyatallah Cochlear Implant Center. The 15 children with cochlear implants were paired with similar children with hearing parents using purposive sampling...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000220/odor-detection-thresholds-in-a-population-of-older-adults
#7
Carla R Schubert, Mary E Fischer, A Alex Pinto, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, Karen J Cruickshanks
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To measure odor detection thresholds and associated nasal and behavioral factors in an older adult population. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. METHODS: Odor detection thresholds were obtained using an automated olfactometer on 832 participants, aged 68 to 99 (mean age = 77) years in the 21-year (2013-2016) follow-up visit of the Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study. RESULTS: The mean odor detection threshold (ODT) score was 8...
December 21, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995315/a-multidisciplinary-systematic-review-of-the-treatment-for-chronic-idiopathic-tinnitus
#8
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Zenner, Wolfgang Delb, Birgit Kröner-Herwig, Burkhard Jäger, Ingrid Peroz, Gerhard Hesse, Birgit Mazurek, Gerhard Goebel, Christian Gerloff, Regina Trollmann, Eberhard Biesinger, Harald Seidler, Berthold Langguth
The majority of tinnitus patients are affected by chronic idiopathic tinnitus, and almost 60 different treatment modalities have been reported. The present study is a multidisciplinary systematic analysis of the evidence for the different forms of treatment for chronic tinnitus. The results are used to form the basis of an S3 guideline. A systematic search was carried out in PubMed and the Cochrane Library. The basis for presenting the level of evidence was the evidence classification of the Oxford Centre of Evidence-based Medicine...
December 19, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991672/self-reported-hearing-impairment-and-incident-frailty-in-english-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-4-year-follow-up-study
#9
Ann E M Liljas, Livia A Carvalho, Efstathios Papachristou, Cesar De Oliveira, S Goya Wannamethee, Sheena E Ramsay, Kate Walters
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between hearing impairment and incident frailty in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses with 4-year follow-up using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 60 and older with data on hearing and frailty status (N = 2,836). MEASUREMENTS: Hearing impairment was defined as poor self-reported hearing...
December 19, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991469/gender-differences-in-use-of-hearing-protection-devices-among-farm-operators
#10
Marjorie C McCullagh, Tanima Banerjee, James J Yang, Janice Bernick, Sonia Duffy, Richard Redman
PURPOSE: Although farm operators have frequent exposure to hazardous noise and high rates of noise-induced hearing loss, they have low use of hearing protection devices (HPDs). Women represent about one-third of farm operators, and their numbers are climbing. However, among published studies examining use of HPDs in this worker group, none have examined gender-related differences. The purpose of this study was to examine gender-related differences in use of hearing protection and related predictors among farm operators...
November 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973661/hearing-loss-and-cognitive-communication-test-performance-of-long-term-care-residents-with-dementia-effects-of-amplification
#11
Tammy Hopper, Susan E Slaughter, Bill Hodgetts, Amberley Ostevik, Carla Ickert
Purpose: The study aims were (a) to explore the relationship between hearing loss and cognitive-communication performance of individuals with dementia, and (b) to determine if hearing loss is accurately identified by long-term care (LTC) staff. The research questions were (a) What is the effect of amplification on cognitive-communication test performance of LTC residents with early- to middle-stage dementia and mild-to-moderate hearing loss? and (b) What is the relationship between measured hearing ability and hearing ability recorded by staff using the Resident Assessment Instrument-Minimum Data Set 2...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951738/functionality-of-hearing-aids-state-of-the-art-and-future-model-based-solutions
#12
Birger Kollmeier, Jürgen Kiessling
A review about technical and perceptual factors in hearing aid technology, research and development is provided, covering current commercial solutions, underlying models of hearing loss for usage in hearing devices and emerging future technical solutions for hearing aid functionalities. A chain of techniques has provided incremental, but steady increases in user benefit, e.g. in the fields of hearing aid amplification, feedback suppression, dynamic compression, noise reduction and situation adaptation. The models describing the perceptual consequences of sensorineural hearing impairment describe the effects on the acoustical level, the neurosensory level and the cognitive level and provide the framework for compensatory (or even substitutional) functions of hearing aids in terms of the attenuation component, the distortion component and the neural component of the hearing loss...
December 13, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941404/dichotic-digits-test-performance-across-the-ages-results-from-two-large-epidemiologic-cohort-studies
#13
Mary E Fischer, Karen J Cruickshanks, David M Nondahl, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, James S Pankow, Ted S Tweed, Dayna S Dalton, Adam J Paulsen
OBJECTIVES: The Dichotic Digits test (DDT) has been widely used to assess central auditory processing but there is limited information on observed DDT performance in a general population. The purpose of the study was to determine factors related to DDT performance in a large cohort spanning the adult age range. DESIGN: The study was cross-sectional and subjects were participants in the Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study (EHLS), a population-based investigation of age-related hearing loss, or the Beaver Dam Offspring Study (BOSS), a study of aging in the adult offspring of the EHLS members...
December 7, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936880/-everyday-suspicion-our-life-is-delusional
#14
Zoltán Janka
Suspicious thinking in given situations can be useful and helps the adaptation as events occurring in the world also corroborate this. Factors participating in the development of paranoia can be listed as psychodynamic (projection), salience attributional, neurobiological (dopamine), impaired perceptual (hearing loss), sociocultural (minority, pseudocommunity), self-esteem (worrying, depression, mania), and cognitive (jump-to-conclusion) mechanisms. Along the spectrum of thinking, from the mild to the severe, enhanced worrying, salience attribution, overvalued concepts, suspicion/mistrust, paranoid ideations, and crystallized delusions may occur with different contents...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927686/concern-for-others-a-study-on-empathy-in-toddlers-with-moderate-hearing-loss
#15
Evelien Dirks, Lizet Ketelaar, Rosanne van der Zee, Anouk P Netten, Johan H M Frijns, Carolien Rieffe
Empathy, the ability to feel the emotions of others and respond affectively to these emotions, is an important factor in the development of social competence. The purpose of this study was to examine empathy levels in toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared to toddlers with no hearing loss (nHL), and to explore the relation between language ability and empathy. We focused on affective empathy and the precursors of cognitive empathy. A total of 23 toddlers with MHL and 21 toddlers with nHL participated in the study...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895549/the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-for-hearing-impaired-individuals-rbans-h-before-and-after-cochlear-implantation-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#16
Annes J Claes, Griet Mertens, Annick Gilles, Anouk Hofkens-Van den Brandt, Erik Fransen, Vincent Van Rompaey, Paul Van de Heyning
Background: Currently, an independent relationship between hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults is suggested by large prospective studies. In general, cochlear implants improve hearing and the quality of life in severely to profoundly hearing impaired older persons. However, little is known about the effects of cochlear implantation on the cognitive evolution in this population. Aim of the study: The primary goal of this prospective, longitudinal cohort study is to explore the cognitive profile of severely to profoundly postlingually hearing impaired subjects before and after cochlear implantation...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872819/diagnosis-of-a-mild-peroxisomal-phenotype-with-next-generation-sequencing
#17
Meredith J Ventura, Dianna Wheaton, Mingchu Xu, David Birch, Sara J Bowne, Lori S Sullivan, Stephen P Daiger, Annette E Whitney, Richard O Jones, Ann B Moser, Rui Chen, Michael F Wangler
Peroxisomal biogenesis disorders (PBD) are caused by mutations in PEX genes, and are typically diagnosed with biochemical testing in plasma followed by confirmatory testing. Here we report the unusual diagnostic path of a child homozygous for PEX1 p.G843D. The patient presented with sensorineural hearing loss, pigmentary retinopathy, and normal intellect. After testing for Usher syndrome was negative, he was found to have PBD through a research sequencing panel. When evaluating a patient with hearing loss and pigmentary retinopathy, mild PBD should be on the differential regardless of cognitive function...
December 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867345/language-impairment-resulting-from-a-de-novo-deletion-of-7q32-1q33
#18
María S Jiménez-Romero, Montserrat Barcos-Martínez, Isabel Espejo-Portero, Antonio Benítez-Burraco
We report on a girl who presents with hearing loss, behavioral disturbances (according to the Inventory for Client and Agency Planning) as well as motor and cognitive delay (according to Battelle Developmental Inventories) which have a significant impact on her speech and language abilities [according to the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (ed 3), and the Prueba de Lenguaje Oral de Navarra-Revisada (Navarra Oral Language Test, Revised)]. Five copy number variations (CNVs) were identified in the child: arr[hg18] 7q32...
October 2016: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830152/linguistic-factors-influencing-speech-audiometric-assessment
#19
Martine Coene, Stefanie Krijger, Matthias Meeuws, Geert De Ceulaer, Paul J Govaerts
In speech audiometric testing, hearing performance is typically measured by calculating the number of correct repetitions of a speech stimulus. We investigate to what extent the repetition accuracy of Dutch speech stimuli presented against a background noise is influenced by nonauditory processes. We show that variation in verbal repetition accuracy is partially explained by morpholexical and syntactic features of the target language. Verbs, prepositions, conjunctions, determiners, and pronouns yield significantly lower correct repetitions than nouns, adjectives, or adverbs...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815131/sensory-coding-and-cognitive-processing-of-sound-in-veterans-with-blast-exposure
#20
Scott Bressler, Hannah Goldberg, Barbara Shinn-Cunningham
Recent anecdotal reports from VA audiology clinics as well as a few published studies have identified a sub-population of Service Members seeking treatment for problems communicating in everyday, noisy listening environments despite having normal to near-normal hearing thresholds. Because of their increased risk of exposure to dangerous levels of prolonged noise and transient explosive blast events, communication problems in these soldiers could be due to either hearing loss (traditional or "hidden") in the auditory sensory periphery or from blast-induced injury to cortical networks associated with attention...
November 2, 2016: Hearing Research
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