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Liver resection technique

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932737/technical-intraoperative-maneuvers-for-the-management-of-inferior-vena-cava-thrombus-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#1
Dionysios Dellaportas, Nikolaos Arkadopoulos, Ioannis Tzanoglou, Evgenios Bairamidis, George Gemenetzis, Pantelis Xanthakos, Constantinos Nastos, Georgia Kostopanagiotou, Ioannis Vassiliou, Vassilios Smyrniotis
INTRODUCTION: Renal vein or inferior vena cava (IVC) invasion by neoplastic thrombus in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is not an obstacle for radical oncological treatment. The aim of this study is to present our technical maneuvers for complete removal of the intracaval thrombus without compromising hemodymanic stability of the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2000 and 2014, 15 RCC patients with IVC involvement of levels I-III were treated with curative intent and were prospectively studied...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930845/pure-laparoscopic-donor-right-hepatectomy-in-a-living-donor-with-type-3a-biliary-variation-a-case-report
#2
Young Seok Han, Heontak Ha, Hyung Jun Kwon, Jae Min Chun
RATIONALE: With refinements in the operative technique, laparoscopic surgery has become the standard practice for liver resection. In the field of living donor liver transplantation, a few centers adopted laparoscopic surgery as an alternative to conventional open donor hepatectomy, and the application of pure laparoscopic donor right hepatectomy has been limited to the donors with simple, favorable biliary anatomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: The candidate donor was a 19-year-old woman with type 3a bile duct variation...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928330/emergency-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-haemostasis-for-post-operative-haemorrhage-following-laparoscopic-liver-resection
#3
Tze Yi Low, Brian Kim Poh Goh
INTRODUCTION: The use of laparoscopic surgery for liver resection and the management of abdominal emergencies has been well established. However, the value of this technique for post-operative haemorrhage in liver resection has not been characterized. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe a case of post-operative haemorrhage following an elective totally laparoscopic liver resection that was treated with emergency hand-assisted laparoscopic haemostasis. DISCUSSION: Emergency hand-assisted laparoscopic haemostasis in the setting of post-operative haemorrhage after laparoscopic liver resection is feasible and should be considered as a treatment option in suitable patients...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924922/assessing-the-non-tumorous-liver-implications-for-patient-management-and-surgical-therapy
#4
Pallavi Pandey, Ankur Pandey, Mary Dillhoff, Carl Schmidt, Ihab R Kamel, Timothy M Pawlik
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic resection is performed for various benign and malignant liver tumors. Over the last several decades, there have been improvements in the surgical technique and postoperative care of patients undergoing liver surgery. Despite this, liver failure following an extended hepatic resection remains a critical potential postoperative complication. Patients with underlying parenchymal liver diseases are at particular risk of liver failure due to impaired liver regeneration with an associated mortality risk as high as 60 to 90%...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923635/living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-case%C3%A2-series
#5
C Karaca, C Yilmaz, R Ferecov, Z Iakobadze, K Kilic, L Caglayan, S Aydogdu, M Kilic
BACKGROUND: Venous reconstruction in living-donor liver transplantation for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) has challenges because the grafts from living donors lack vena cava, and hepatic venous anastomosis must be performed on an already-thrombosed and/or stenosed inferior vena cava. Several techniques are described to overcome this problem, and we represent our experience with 22 patients. METHODS: Medical recordings of 22 patients were retrospectively collected, and disease-specific data as well as recordings about surgical technique were analyzed...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922205/impact-of-advanced-age-on-survival-in-patients-undergoing-resection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-report-of-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#6
Masaki Kaibori, Kengo Yoshii, Isao Yokota, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Fumio Nagashima, Shoji Kubo, Masanori Kon, Namiki Izumi, Masumi Kadoya, Masatoshi Kudo, Takashi Kumada, Michiie Sakamoto, Osamu Nakashima, Yutaka Matsuyama, Tadatoshi Takayama, Norihiro Kokudo
OBJECTIVE: The impact of age on survival after hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been thoroughly examined. We reviewed the data of a nationwide follow-up survey to determine the outcomes of hepatectomy for HCC in elderly patients. BACKGROUND: Management of malignant diseases in elderly patients has become a global clinical issue because of the increased life expectancy worldwide. Advancements in surgical techniques and perioperative management have reduced age-related contraindications for liver surgery...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917012/operative-and-short-term-oncologic-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-liver-resection-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-located-in-the-posterosuperior-liver-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#7
Masayuki Okuno, Claire Goumard, Takashi Mizuno, Kiyohiko Omichi, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Yun Shin Chun, Thomas A Aloia, Jason B Fleming, Jeffrey E Lee, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic resection (LLR) of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) located in the posterosuperior liver (segments 4a, 7, and 8) is challenging but has become more practical recently due to progress in operative techniques. We aimed to compare tumor-specific, perioperative, and short-term oncological outcomes after LLR and open liver resection (OLR) for CRLM. METHODS: Patients who underwent curative resection of CRLM with at least 1 tumor in the posterosuperior liver during 2012-2015 were analyzed...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916868/laparoscopic-liver-resection-using-a-monopolar-soft-coagulation-device-to-provide-maximum-intraoperative-bleeding-control-for-the-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Mitsuo Miyazawa, Masayasu Aikawa, Katsuya Okada, Yukihiro Watanabe, Kojun Okamoto, Isamu Koyama
BACKGROUND: The popularity of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) is spreading, worldwide, because the intraoperative blood loss is less than for open hepatectomy and it is associated with a shorter hospitalization period [1-6]. During LLR, intraoperative hemostasis is difficult to achieve, unlike during laparotomy where bleeding can be stopped instantly [7-10]. Our LLR method for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) includes maximal control of intraoperative bleeding using a monopolar soft-coagulation device...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902667/the-liver-tunnel-intention-to-treat-validation-of-a-new-type-of-hepatectomy
#9
Guido Torzilli, Fabio Procopio, Luca Viganò, Guido Costa, Andrea Fontana, Matteo Cimino, Matteo Donadon, Daniele Del Fabbro
OBJECTIVE: This prospective intention-to-treat validation study evaluated the liver tunnel (LT) technique for patients having ≥1 deep centrally located liver tumor, with or without middle hepatic vein (MHV) invasion. BACKGROUND: Conservative surgery has been proposed for patients with deep liver tumors having complex relationships. LT is one such novel technique. METHODS: Eligible patients were prospectively enrolled for LT. LT relies on tumor-vessel detachment, and the presence of communicating veins if MHV resection is necessary...
September 11, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900793/robotic-assisted-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis-with-video
#10
Rana Alhossaini, Woo Jin Hyung
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a relatively rare condition where the abdominal and/or thoracic organ is positioned as a "mirror image" of the normal position. We are presenting a video of robotic distal gastrectomy performed in a 52-year-old female known to have SIT. Preoperative investigations revealed the patient has an early gastric cancer at the antrum. Ports were placed as mirror image to our usual port placement and upon exploration, the liver is visualized on the left side of the abdomen and the spleen is on the right...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892808/safety-and-feasibility-of-a-laparoscopy-assisted-non-anatomic-resection-technique-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-located-at-right-posterior-segments-in-cirrhotic-patients-a-case-controlled-study-with-propensity-score-matching
#11
Haosheng Jin, Zi Yin, Yu Zhou, Tingting Ma, Zhixiang Jian
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted resection for right posterior segment (LAR-RPS) with open resection (OR-RPS) performed by experienced hepatobiliary surgeons. METHODS: This was a prospective comparative nonrandomized study. RESULTS: The groups were comparable in terms of baseline demographics and clinicopathological data. Reduced operative time (254.88 ± 78.56 vs. 347...
September 12, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884044/survival-after-pulmonary-metastasectomy-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-does-a-history-of-resected-liver-metastases-worsen-the-prognosis-a-literature-review
#12
Jon Zabaleta, Borja Aguinagalde, Iker Lopez, Arantza Fernandez-Monge, Jose M Izquierdo, Jose I Emparanza
OBJECTIVE: : To assess the impact of past liver metastases on the survival duration of patients who are undergoing surgery for lung metastases. METHODS: : We conducted a review of literature published from 2007 to 2014. The studies were identified by searching PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase and were supplemented by a manual search of the references listed by the retrieved studies. The following search terms were used: lung metastasectomy, pulmonary metastasectomy, lung metastases, and lung metastasis...
August 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882388/laparoscopic-liver-resection-using-the-silicone-band-uplift-technique-for-tumors-in-segments-8-and-7-with-video
#13
H Sakai, T Hisaka, K Okuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881707/intratumoral-coagulation-by-radiofrequency-ablation-facilitated-the-laparoscopic-resection-of-giant-hepatic-hemangioma-a-surgical-technique-report-of-two-cases
#14
Shaohong Wang, Jun Gao, Mengmeng Yang, Shan Ke, Xuemei Ding, Jian Kong, Li Xu, Wenbing Sun
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, open hepatic resection is the first choice of treatment for symptomatic enlarging hepatic hemangiomas, which requires a large abdominal incision and is associated with substantial recovery time and morbidity. Minimally invasive laparoscopic resection has been used recently in liver surgery for treating selected hepatic hemangiomas. However, laparoscopic liver surgery poses the significant technical challenges and high rate of conversion. Radiofrequency (RF) ablation has been proved feasible in the treatment of hepatic hemangiomas with a size range of 5...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877812/spontaneous-hepatic-hemorrhage-a-single-institution-s-16-year-experience
#15
Armando Rosales, Florencia G Que
Spontaneous hemorrhage from hepatic tumors is an uncommon but serious complication. Recently, interventional radiologic (IR) techniques are being used increasingly in the management of these patients. We report our 16-year experience in managing spontaneous hemorrhage from liver tumors. Twenty-six consecutive patients were diagnosed with spontaneous liver hemorrhage between 1995 and 2011. Initial management was operative in eight, IR in six, and supportive in 12 patients. Of those managed operatively, five were segmentectomies; one hemihepatectomy; one wedge resection; and one packing who later died from coagulopathy...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876608/laparoscopic-left-lateral-sectionectomy-at-dr-george-mukhari-academic-hospital
#16
M Govender, O Y Matsevych
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy has rapidly become a standard of care for patients requiring excision of segments 2 and 3. We present our technique of the resection. METHOD: Videos of patients having had left lateral sectionectomies were reviewed. Patients were placed in supine with reverse Trendelenburg position. Three ports were used: one 12 mm at the umbilicus for the camera, one 12 mm placed 5 cm above and to the right of the umbilicus and one 5 mm port to the left...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875339/c-arm-cone-beam-ct-for-intraprocedural-image-fusion-and-3d-guidance-in-portal-vein-embolization-pve
#17
Willie M Lüdemann, Georg Böning, Julius Chapiro, Martin Jonczyk, Dominik Geisel, Dirk Schnapauff, Gero Wieners, Moritz Schmelzle, Sascha Chopra, Rolf W Günther, Bernhard Gebauer, Florian Streitparth
PURPOSE: Portal vein embolization (PVE) is applied in patients with extended oncologic liver disease to induce hyperplasia of the future liver remnant and make resection feasible. Ultrasound (US) guidance is the gold standard for percutaneous portal vein access. This study evaluated feasibility and safety of C-arm cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for needle guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 10 patients, puncture was performed under 3D needle guidance in a CBCT data set...
September 5, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874960/impact-of-laparoscopic-liver-resection-on-bleeding-complications-in-patients-receiving-antithrombotics
#18
Takahisa Fujikawa, Hiroshi Kawamoto, Yuichiro Kawamura, Norio Emoto, Yusuke Sakamoto, Akira Tanaka
AIM: To assess the impact of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) on surgical blood loss (SBL), especially in patients with antithrombotics for thromboembolic risks. METHODS: Consecutive 258 patients receiving liver resection at our institution between 2010 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Preoperative antithrombotic therapy (ATT; antiplatelets and/or anticoagulation) was regularly used in 100 patients (ATT group, 38.8%) whereas not used in 158 (non-ATT group, 61...
August 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869200/irreversible-electroporation-and-thermal-ablation-of-tumors-in-the-liver-lung-kidney-and-bone-what-are-the-differences
#19
REVIEW
L G P H Vroomen, E N Petre, F H Cornelis, S B Solomon, G Srimathveeravalli
Focal treatment with radiofrequency, microwave and cryoablation has been increasingly used for the treatment of tumors in patients who cannot undergo surgical resection and in select patients with early stage or oligometastatic disease. Each of these ablation modalities has a unique working principle and biophysics underlying the ablative effect, which largely determines the clinical indication for its application. Irreversible electroporation, a relatively new ablation technique with a predominantly nonthermal cell killing mechanism has emerged as an alternative treatment technique for tumors that are contraindicated for thermal ablation because of safety or efficacy considerations...
September 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866623/epidemiology-management-and-outcome-of-ultrashort-bowel-syndrome-in-infancy
#20
REVIEW
Akshay Batra, Simon Charlie Keys, Mark John Johnson, Robert A Wheeler, Robert Mark Beattie
Ultrashort bowel syndrome (USBS) is a group of heterogeneous disorders where the length of small bowel is less than 10 cm or 10% of expected for the age. It is caused by massive loss of the gut which in the neonatal period can be a result of vanishing gastroschisis or surgical resection following mid-gut volvulus, jejunoileal atresia and/or extensive necrotising enterocolitis. The exact prevalence of USBS is not known although there is a clear trend towards increasing numbers because of increased incidence and improved survival...
September 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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