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Liver resection technique

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783886/the-impact-of-surgical-resection-of-the-primary-tumor-on-the-development-of-synchronous-colorectal-liver-metastasis-a-systematic-review
#1
H Pinson, S Cosyns, Wim P Ceelen
BACKGROUND: In recent years different therapeutic strategies for synchronously liver metastasized colorectal cancer were described. Apart from the classical staged surgical approach, simultaneous and liver-first strategies are now commonly used. One theoretical drawback of the classical approach is, however, the stimulatory effect on liver metastases growth that may result from resection of the primary tumour. This systematic review, therefore, aims to investigate the current insights on the stimulatory effects of colorectal surgery on the growth of synchronous colorectal liver metastases in humans...
May 22, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760360/performing-laparoscopic-surgery-perspectives-of-young-chinese-hepatobiliary-surgeons
#2
Xin Zhao, Peipei Song, Yuhua Zhang, Jiwei Huang
Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has garnered attention as a new form of liver surgery. In China, many hepatobiliary surgeons are now encouraging the examination and assessment of LLC in order to improve its outcomes, and several young hepatobiliary surgeons recently shared their clinical experiences and the results of their research in presentations at the Akamon Forum as part of the 118th Annual Congress of the Japan Surgical Society, which was held April 5-7, 2018 in Tokyo, Japan. In China, LLR has gradually improved over the past 20 years, including both expanded indications and improved surgical approaches...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747235/pure-laparoscopic-hepatectomy-with-augmented-reality-assisted-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-versus-open-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-propensity-analysis-at-a-single-center
#3
Tan To Cheung, Ka Wing Ma, Wong Hoi She, Wing Chiu Dai, Simon Hing Yin Tsang, Albert Chi Yan Chan, Kenneth Siu Ho Chok, Chung Mau Lo
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic hepatectomy is considered an acceptable treatment of choice in selected patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Whether indocyanine green (ICG) immunofluorescence, a new technology, may improve surgery outcomes has yet to be tested. The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare the effect of ICG fluorescence imaging on the outcomes of pure laparoscopic hepatectomy and open hepatectomy for primary HCC with background cirrhosis. METHODS: From January 2015 to June 2016, 20 patients with HCC and liver cirrhosis underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy with ICG immunofluorescence...
May 10, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736801/global-rigid-registration-of-ct-to-video-in-laparoscopic-liver-surgery
#4
Maria R Robu, João Ramalhinho, Stephen Thompson, Kurinchi Gurusamy, Brian Davidson, David Hawkes, Danail Stoyanov, Matthew J Clarkson
PURPOSE: Image-guidance systems have the potential to aid in laparoscopic interventions by providing sub-surface structure information and tumour localisation. The registration of a preoperative 3D image with the intraoperative laparoscopic video feed is an important component of image guidance, which should be fast, robust and cause minimal disruption to the surgical procedure. Most methods for rigid and non-rigid registration require a good initial alignment. However, in most research systems for abdominal surgery, the user has to manually rotate and translate the models, which is usually difficult to perform quickly and intuitively...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731092/new-left-lobe-transplantation-procedure-with-caval-reconstruction-using-an-inverted-composite-graft-for-chronic-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#5
T Yagi, K Takagi, R Yoshida, Y Umeda, D Nobuoka, T Kuise, T Fujiwara, A Takaki
When the Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) lesion extends to the inferior vena cava (IVC) or the orifices of the hepatic vein, the thickened IVC and/or hepatic vein wall must be removed and IVC reconstruction is required in living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). In various reports about IVC resection in LDLT for BCS, there are none about left lobe liver transplantation with reconstruction of the retrohepatic IVC (rhIVC). To overcome removal and reconstruction of the rhIVC in LDLT for BCS, we introduced a composite IVC graft that is applicable to both right and left lobe partial liver grafts for LDLT for BCS...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727331/10th-anniversary-of-alpps-lessons-learned-and-quo-vadis
#6
Hauke Lang, Eduardo de Santibañes, Hans J Schlitt, Massimo Malagó, Thomas van Gulik, Marcel A Machado, Elio Jovine, Stefan Heinrich, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Albert Chan, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro, Ricardo Robles Campos, Per Sandström, Michael Linecker, Pierre-Alain Clavien
OBJECTIVE: Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has been tested in various indications and clinical scenarios, leading to steady improvements in safety. This report presents the current status of ALPPS. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: ALPPS offers improved resectability, but drawbacks are regularly pointed out regarding safety and oncologic benefits. METHODS: During the 12th biennial congress of the European African-Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association (Mainz, Germany, May 23-26, 2017) an expert meeting "10th anniversary of ALPP" was held to discuss indications, management, mechanisms of regeneration, as well as pitfalls of this novel technique...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723251/spatiotemporal-assessment-of-spontaneous-metastasis-formation-using-multimodal-in-vivo-imaging-in-her2-and-triple-negative-metastatic-breast-cancer-xenograft-models-in-mice
#7
Inga B Fricke, Raquel De Souza, Lais Costa Ayub, Giulio Francia, Robert Kerbel, David A Jaffray, Jinzi Zheng
BACKGROUND: Preclinical breast cancer models recapitulating the clinical course of metastatic disease are crucial for drug development. Highly metastatic cell lines forming spontaneous metastasis following orthotopic implantation were previously developed and characterized regarding their biological and histological characteristics. This study aimed to non-invasively and longitudinally characterize the spatiotemporal pattern of metastasis formation and progression in the MDA-MB-231-derived triple negative LM2-4 and HER2+ LM2-4H2N cell lines, using bioluminescence imaging (BLI), contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT), fluorescence imaging, and 2-deoxy-2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography ([18F]FDG-PET)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722141/useful-maneuvers-for-precise-laparoscopic-liver-resection
#8
REVIEW
Rawisak Chanwat
Laparoscopic liver resection has evolved over the past decade and nearly replaced open exploration. This procedure not only provides comparable oncological outcomes, but it also has improved recovery after surgery. Many of the challenges presented by limitations of instruments and techniques have been overcome through adaptations and new developments, and it is possible that the remaining obstacles will be overcome within a few years. Moreover, as surgeons continue to gain experience, their technical knowledge has supported further improvement in minimally invasive approaches...
May 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704203/safety-and-efficacy-of-synchronous-robotic-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-with-liver-metastases
#9
REVIEW
Rozana H Dwyer, Matthew J Scheidt, J Stephen Marshall, Steven S Tsoraides
Timing of resection and treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) with liver metastases varies based on patient characteristics and center protocols. Concerns of increased morbidity and mortality (M&M) related to anesthetic time and blood loss have limited widespread adaptation of synchronous colorectal and liver resections. Furthermore, technical challenges have made minimally invasive synchronous resections less common. We present our series of synchronous robotic surgery for CRC with liver metastases. Retrospective review of prospectively collected data of patients with stage IV CRC with liver metastases treated at a tertiary center from February 2013 to June 2014...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691651/long-term-results-of-laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-the-primary-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-role-of-the-surgeon-in-anatomical-resection
#10
Woo-Hyoung Kang, Ki-Hun Kim, Dong-Hwan Jung, Gil-Chun Park, Seok-Hwan Kim, Hwui-Dong Cho, Sung-Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND: Liver resection is a potentially curative therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). LLR is a newly developed and safe technique associated with shorter hospital stay, less pain, better cosmetic outcomes, and similar complication rates as open surgery; however, data on its long-term outcomes remain scarce. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the clinical and follow-up data of 234 patients who underwent LLR (performed by a single surgeon in all cases) for the primary treatment of HCC between July 2007 and December 2015 at Asan Medical Center...
April 24, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687262/portal-vein-embolization-utilizing-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate-for-contralateral-lobe-hypertrophy-prior-to-liver-resection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Ethan Wajswol, Tarek Jazmati, Sohail Contractor, Abhishek Kumar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for portal vein embolization (PVE) when used to induce contralateral future liver remnant (FLR) hypertrophy in patients undergoing planned hepatic resection for hepatic malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database (including articles indexed by MEDLINE) was searched for articles published from 1970 to 2018 describing patients treated with PVE utilizing NBCA to induce hypertrophy of the FLR prior to contralateral hepatic lobe resection...
April 23, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661564/a-new-technique-for-hepatic-parenchymal-transection-using-an-articulating-bipolar-5-cm-radiofrequency-device-results-from-the-first-100-procedures
#12
Hideo Takahashi, Muhammet Akyuz, Erol Aksoy, Federico Aucejo, Cristiano Quintini, Charles Miller, John Fung, Eren Berber
BACKGROUND: Parenchymal transection(PT) still remains a challenge in liver resection. The outcomes of the first experience of a novel vessel-sealer for hepatic transection were assessed. METHODS: A bipolar articulating vessel-sealer (Caiman® , Aesculap Inc., Center Valley, PA) was used in 100 liver resections through both open (OLR) and laparoscopic (LLR) approaches. All data were prospectively collected into an IRB-approved department database, and clinical, surgical and perioperative parameters were analyzed...
April 13, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629319/liver-transplantation-for-unresectable-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-liver-metastases-in-an-era-of-transplant-oncology
#13
REVIEW
Keita Shimata, Yasuhiko Sugawara, Taizo Hibi
Patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) very often present with a metastatic disease at the first diagnosis. Liver transplantation (LT) for unresectable pNET with liver metastases (pNETLM) has been described to prolong survival in highly selected patients, although outcomes were worse than those of patients who underwent LT for gastrointestinal NETLM (GI-NETLM). In this review, several proposed criteria are described with their rationale and controversies. Most of the data used to establish these criteria do not reflect the recent improvements of non-surgical treatments that has changed the landscape of treatment for pNETs, including the development of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy and molecular-targeted agents (sunitinib and everolimus)...
February 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629318/role-of-surgery-in-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor
#14
REVIEW
Kai Pun Wong, Julian Shun Tsang, Brian Hung-Hin Lang
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PNETs) are rare. They are generally accepted to be slow-growing and have an indolent course. These tumours can be non-functioning or functioning, consisting of a biochemically heterogeneous group of tumours including insulinomas, gastrinomas, carcinoids and glucagonomas. Although surgery remains the mainstay of treatment, controversy still exists especially for non-functioning tumours <2 cm in size. Whether these should be resected or undergo intensive surveillance remains unclear...
February 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625899/safety-and-feasibility-of-elective-liver-resection-in-adult-jehovah-s-witnesses-the-henri-mondor-hospital-experience
#15
Chetana Lim, Chady Salloum, Francesco Esposito, Alexandros Giakoustidis, Toufic Moussallem, Michael Osseis, Eylon Lahat, Marc Lanteri-Minet, Daniel Azoulay
BACKGROUND: Elective liver resection (LR) in Jehovah's Witness (JW) patients, for whom transfusion is not an option, involves complex ethical and medical issues and surgical difficulties. METHODS: Consecutive data from a LR program for liver tumors in JWs performed between 2014 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. A systematic review of the literature with a pooled analysis was performed. RESULTS: Ten patients were included (median age = 61 years)...
April 3, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623266/the-potential-role-of-liver-transplantation-as-a-treatment-option-in-colorectal-liver-metastases
#16
REVIEW
Pål-Dag Line, Morten Hagness, Svein Dueland
Liver resection is the only potentially curative treatment option in patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer, but only about 20% of the patients are resectable. Liver transplantation of patients with unresectable liver metastases was attempted in the early era but it was abandoned due to poor survival. During the last decade, several case reports, a controlled pilot study, and a retrospective cohort study indicated that prolonged disease-free survival and overall survival can be obtained in a proportion of these patients...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621772/a-complete-pathological-response-to-pembrolizumab-following-ex-vivo-liver-resection-in-a-patient-with-colorectal-liver-metastases
#17
Maria Baimas-George, Erin Baker, Michal Kamionek, J Stuart Salmon, Amit Sastry, David Levi, Dionisios Vrochides
Advances in the systemic treatment of stage IV colorectal cancer with liver metastases has offered improved survival rates for patients who otherwise face a dismal prognosis. However, a pathologically complete response (PCR) to chemotherapy for colorectal liver metastases is still rare, and its significance is not fully understood. In this case report, we describe a patient who achieved PCR after neoadjuvant immunotherapy with pembrolizumab and a left hepatectomy using an ex vivo resection technique.
April 5, 2018: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619907/severe-atherosclerosis-in-donor-liver-vasculature-an-illustrative-case-report-and-review-of-the-literatur
#18
Ayokunle S Olowofela, Oscar K Serrano, Raja Kandaswamy
As the scarcity of transplantable organs continues to increase, juxtaposed with an aging donor population, transplant surgeons are increasingly confronted with marginal organ offers. The presence of atherosclerosis in the donor allograft has been shown to compromise the vascular integrity and predispose to vascular complications in the transplanted liver. Here, we present a case of 54-year-old brain-dead donor who was discovered to have a severely diseased aorta during organ recovery. Pathologic evaluation revealed severe atherosclerosis with calcifications...
April 4, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617505/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-atorvastatin-and-ischemic-postconditioning-preventing-on-the-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury-experimental-study-in-rats
#19
Henrique Budib Dorsa Pontes, José Carlos Dorsa Vieira Pontes, Euler de Azevedo Neto, Giovanna Serra da Cruz Vendas, João Victor Cunha Miranda, Letícia do Espírito Santos Dias, João Victor Durães Gomes Oliva, Murilo Henrique Martins de Almeida, Ian de Oliveira Chaves, Tricia Luna Sampaio, Carlos Henrique Marques Dos Santos, Doroty Mesquita Dourado
INTRODUCTION: Reperfusion injury leads to systemic morphological and functional pathological alterations. Some techniques are already estabilished to attenuate the damage induced by reperfusion. Ischemic preconditioning is one of the standard procedures. In the last 20 years, several experimental trials demonstrated that the ischemic postconditioning presents similar effectiveness. Recently experimental trials demonstrated that statins could be used as pharmacological preconditioning...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615179/pulmonary-nodular-amyloidosis-mimicking-metastatic-lung-lesion-in-a-patient-with-colon-cancer
#20
Waseem M Hajjar, Tariq E Al-Johani, Mohammed A Jameel, Othman T Almutairi, Iftikhar Ahmed, Adnan W Hajjar, Sami A Al-Nassar
Amyloidosis is defined as abnormal aggregation of amyloid proteins. Amyloidosis can be localised or systemic affecting the lung, heart, spleen, liver and kidneys. The most common form of pulmonary amyloidosis is the nodular type. The disease is idiopathic and linked to many systemic diseases. The clinical manifestations and prognosis of respiratory tract amyloidosis depends on its etiology and anatomical location. Radiologically, the nodular pulmonary amyloidosis may appear as single or multiple nodules in any lobe, and, therefore, may mimic as primary pulmonary or metastatic neoplasms...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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