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Cesarean indication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648039/-effects-of-combined-application-of-culture-supernatant-of-human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-ciprofloxacin-on-staphylococcus-aureus-in-vitro
#1
B Zhou, H L Tu, T Ba, L F Wang, S J Wang, S Y Nie
Objective: To explore the effects of combined application of culture supernatant of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) and ciprofloxacin on Staphylococcus aureus (SA) in vitro. Methods: hUCMSCs were isolated from umbilical cord tissue of full-term healthy fetus after cesarean section and cultured. Cells in the third passage were used in the experiments after identification. SA strains isolated from wounds of burn patients in our burn wards were used in the experiments. Cells were divided into 0, 10, 100, and 1 000 ng/mL lipopolysaccharide (LPS) groups according to the random number table (the same dividing method below)...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634752/comparison-of-three-treatment-strategies-for-cesarean-scar-pregnancy
#2
Guangquan Liu, Jiacong Wu, Jian Cao, Yunping Xue, Chencheng Dai, Juan Xu, Xuemei Jia
PURPOSE: To explore the optimal treatment for cesarean scar pregnancy. METHOD: In total, 86 women diagnosed with a cesarean scar pregnancy were divided into three groups according to treatment. The human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) decline percentage, intraoperative blood loss and success rate were analyzed in Group A [combination of uterine arterial embolization (UAE), local methotrexate (MTX) injection and dilation & curettage (D&C)], Group B (combination of UAE and local MTX injection) and Group C (D&C)...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630744/maternal-predictors-of-neonatal-outcomes-after-emergency-cesarean-section-a-retrospective-study-in-three-rural-district-hospitals-in-rwanda
#3
Naome Nyirahabimana, Christine Minani Ufashingabire, Yihan Lin, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Robert Riviello, Jackline Odhiambo, Joel Mubiligi, Martin Macharia, Stephen Rulisa, Illuminee Uwicyeza, Patient Ngamije, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Theoneste Nkurunziza
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, neonatal mortality post-cesarean delivery is higher than the global average. In this region, most emergency cesarean sections are performed at district hospitals. This study assesses maternal predictors for poor neonatal outcomes post-emergency cesarean delivery in three rural district hospitals in Rwanda. METHODS: This retrospective study includes a random sample of 441 neonates from Butaro, Kirehe and Rwinkwavu District Hospitals, born between 01 January and 31 December 2015...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622145/clinical-analyses-of-383-cases-with-maternal-cardiac-diseases
#4
Emine Aydin, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Dila Kasapoglu, Gokcen Orgul, Necla Ozer, Murat Yurdakok, M Sinan Beksac
AIM: To evaluate the pregnancy outcomes of women with heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 383 pregnant women with cardiac diseases were examined. The cases were classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification. The distribution of the cases according to class, congenital heart diseases, mean birthweight, mean gestational week at delivery, type of delivery [cesarean section (CS) or vaginal delivery], and cardivascular events (during pregnancy and puerperium) were evaluated...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621050/maternal-morbidity-and-associated-factors-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-karachi-a-critical-analysis
#5
Haleema Akhter Hashmi, Sarwat Umer, Syed Ijlal Ahmed
AIM: The study was conducted to identify maternal morbidity and associated factors such intensive care unit admission and surgical intervention. METHODS: Pregnant and six-week post-partum women without any other comorbidy were recruited from January 2014 to December 2015 from the Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics at Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi. A structurally designed questionnaire was used to record demographic data and factors related to the management and intervention of maternal conclusions...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610581/household-air-pollution-from-cooking-and-risk-of-adverse-health-and-birth-outcomes-in-bangladesh-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#6
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Cherri Zhang B Nurs, M Mofizul Islam, Md Rafiqul Islam, Md Mizanur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution (HAP) from cooking with solid fuels has become a leading cause of death and disability in many developing countries including Bangladesh. We assess the association between HAP and risk of selected adverse birth and maternal health outcomes. METHODS: Data for this study were extracted from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey conducted during 2007-2014. Selected adverse birth outcomes were acute respiratory infection (ARI) among children, stillbirth, low birth weight (LBW), under-five mortality, neonatal mortality and infant mortality...
June 13, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607782/placental-chorangiosis-increased-risk-for-cesarean-section
#7
Shariska S Petersen, Raminder Khangura, Dmitry Davydov, Ziying Zhang, Roopina Sangha
We describe a patient with Class C diabetes who presented for nonstress testing at 36 weeks and 4 days of gestation with nonreassuring fetal heart tones (NRFHT) and oligohydramnios. Upon delivery, thrombosis of the umbilical cord was grossly noted. Pathological analysis of the placenta revealed chorangiosis, vascular congestion, and 40% occlusion of the umbilical vein. Chorangiosis is a vascular change of the placenta that involves the terminal chorionic villi. It has been proposed to result from longstanding, low-grade hypoxia in the placental tissue and has been associated with such conditions such as diabetes, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and hypertensive conditions in pregnancy...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605024/a-unique-type-of-birth-trauma-mistaken-for-abuse
#8
Carolyn V Isaac, Jered B Cornelison, Rudolph J Castellani, Joyce L deJong
Pediatric abusive head trauma is a challenging subject across many disciplines. Of particular importance is the identification of mimics of abuse, so cause and manner of death can be properly assigned. We present the case of suspected child abuse involving an infant who presented unresponsive to the hospital with hypoglycemia, hypothermia, and bilateral parietal fractures. An autopsy revealed fractures associated with organizing scalp hemorrhage and gross leptomeningeal congestion and hemorrhage. The fractures were circular with external displacement, rounded margins, and subperiosteal new bone formation indicative of healing...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602042/clinical-indications-for-cesarean-delivery-among-women-living-with-female-genital-mutilation
#9
Maria I Rodriguez, Lale Say, Jasmine Abdulcadir, Michelle J Hindin
OBJECTIVE: To compare primary indications for cesarean delivery among patients with different female genital mutilation (FGM) status. METHODS: The present secondary analysis included data from women who underwent trial of labor resulting in cesarean delivery at 28 obstetric centers in six African countries between November 1, 2001, and March 31, 2003. Associations between cesarean delivery indications and FGM status were assessed using descriptive statistics and multivariable multinomial logistic regression...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602033/a-cross-sectional-study-exploring-the-incidence-of-and-indications-for-second-stage-cesarean-delivery-over-three-decades
#10
Greg A Pearson, Ian Z Mackenzie
OBJECTIVE: To observe the incidence of, indications for, and complications associated with second-stage cesarean delivery in 10-year intervals over 30 years. METHODS: The present analysis of prospectively collected data compared cesarean deliveries during 1976, 1986, 1996, and 2006 at John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford, UK (n=3222). Pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal details were reviewed. RESULTS: The proportion of deliveries by cesarean in the second stage of labor increased from 0...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599886/cesarean-scar-pregnancies-a-systematic-review-of-treatment-options
#11
REVIEW
Sarah Maheux-Lacroix, Ms Fiona Li, Emmanuel Bujold, Erin Nesbitt-Hawes, Rebecca Deans, Jason Abbott
The objective of this systematic review is to assess the efficacy and safety of treatment options of cesarean scar pregnancies (CSP). We searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library from inception to June 2016 as well as reference lists. We included English publications reporting treatment outcomes of at least 10 cases of CSP. Two authors screened for eligibility, extracted data and assessed the quality of included studies. Treatment was considered successful if no subsequent intervention was required following index treatment...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585139/relationship-between-placenta-location-and-resolution-of-second-trimester-placenta-previa
#12
Yun Feng, Xue-Yin Li, Juan Xiao, Wei Li, Jing Liu, Xue Zeng, Xi Chen, Kai-Yue Chen, Lei Fan, Su-Hua Chen
This prospective study was conducted to assess the rate of resolution of second trimester placenta previa in women with anterior placenta and posterior placenta, and that in women with and without previous cesarean section. In this study, placenta previa was defined as a placenta lying within 20 mm of the internal cervical os or overlapping it. We recruited 183 women diagnosed with previa between 20(+0) weeks and 25(+6) weeks. They were grouped according to their placenta location (anterior or posterior) and history of cesarean section...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584554/development-of-a-questionnaire-to-measure-attitude-toward-birth-method-selection
#13
Lida Moghaddam-Banaem, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Zahra Abbaspoor
BACKGROUND: The rate of mothers undergoing cesarean section in the absence of medical indication is increasing in the world. Women attitude have an essential role in the request or selecting a birth mode. This study aimed to develop a scale for measuring attitude toward birth method selection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in two qualitative and quantitative parts. Data collection was conducted from June to December 2012 in Ahvaz, Iran. In the qualitative part of the study, 21 interviews were conducted with pregnant or parturient women and key informants...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584040/perinatal-and-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-after-attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-at-midpelvic-station
#14
Giulia M Muraca, Yasser Sabr, Sarka Lisonkova, Amanda Skoll, Rollin Brant, Geoffrey W Cundiff, K S Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increased use of operative vaginal delivery (i.e., forceps or vacuum application), of which 20% occurs at midpelvic station, has been advocated to reduce the rate of cesarean delivery. We aimed to quantify severe perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality associated with attempted midpelvic operative vaginal delivery. METHODS: We studied all term singleton deliveries in Canada between 2003 and 2013, by attempted midpelvic operative vaginal or cesarean delivery with labour (with and without prolonged second stage)...
June 5, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580447/association-of-regional-disparity-of-obstetrics-and-gynecologic-services-with-children-and-infants-mortality-rates-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Sogand Tourani, Mohammad Zarezadeh, Mehdi Raadabadi, Fatemeh Pourshariati
BACKGROUND: Equity in distribution of resources is considered as an important priority in health care systems. Equitable distribution of obstetrics and gynecology (Ob/Gyn) services in the country level is critical in maternal and neonatal health for qualitative promotion of maternal care in pregnancy, delivery, and post-delivery periods. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at determining regional disparity of obstetrics and gynecology services and its association with children and infants mortality rates...
March 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578171/nonmedically-indicated-induction-in-morbidly-obese-women%C3%A2-is-not-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-cesarean%C3%A2-delivery
#16
Tetsuya Kawakita, Sara N Iqbal, Chun-Chih Huang, Uma M Reddy
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of morbid obesity (body mass index ≥40 kg/m(2)) in women aged 20-39 years was 7.5% in 2009 through 2010. Morbid obesity is associated with an increased risk of stillbirth compared with normal body mass index, especially >39 weeks' gestation. The data regarding increased risk of cesarean delivery associated with nonmedically indicated induction of labor compared to expectant management in morbidly obese women are limited. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the cesarean delivery rate of nonmedically indicated induction of labor with expectant management in morbidly obese women without other comorbidity...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559097/von-willebrand-disease-type-2-in-pregnancy-a-critical-clinical-association
#17
REVIEW
Anca A Simionescu, Natalia F Buinoiu, Nicoleta Berbec
Von Willebrand disease (vWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder. Its association with pregnancy is infrequent. Here we report three cases of vWD associated with pregnancy. The clinical features of this combination are very suggestive. However, difficulties are still encountered during the diagnosis process. The first case was diagnosed for the first time during the patient's second pregnancy despite several episodes of vaginal bleeding and suggestive clinical symptomatology. The second case was diagnosed during childhood and the patient was properly managed during this pregnancy...
May 18, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556269/cervical-varices-an-unusual-source-of-first-trimester-hemorrhage
#18
Joseph R Wax, Angelina Cartin, Christian Litton, Kelley Conroy, Michael G Pinette
Endocervical varices are a rare cause of obstetrical hemorrhage. Usually presenting in the second and third trimesters, bleeding varices often require pregnancy termination or indicated preterm birth via cesarean delivery. Our patient experienced variceal hemorrhage at 12 weeks' gestation in a dichorionic twin pregnancy conceived through in vitro fertilization. A low-lying placenta resolved at 19 weeks followed by variceal regression at 22 weeks' gestation. Endocervical varices causing first-trimester hemorrhage may regress with resolution of a coexisting low placental implantation, permitting planned vaginal delivery, despite progressive hemodynamic changes of pregnancy...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555553/efficacy-and-safety-of-foley-catheter-balloon-for-cervix-priming-in-term-pregnancy
#19
Catarina Policiano, Mariana Pimenta, Diana Martins, Nuno Clode
INTRODUCTION: Foley catheter promotes cervix priming by a direct mechanical effect of distension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary hospital, including all cases of induction of labor with Foley catheter between September 1, 2013 and November 30, 2015. Women were eligible if they had a singleton pregnancy with a Bishop score < 6 and a gestational age ≥ 41 weeks or a medical indication for induction of labor...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552841/the-comparison-of-the-t2-star-values-of-placentas-obtained-from-preeclamptic-patients-with-those-of-a-control-group-an-ex-vivo-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#20
Nursel Yurttutan, Murat Bakacak, Betül Kızıldağ
BACKGROUND: Endotel dysfunction, vasoconstriction, and oxidative stress, are described in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia but its etiology has not been revealed clearly. AIMS: The aim of this study is to examine whether there is a difference between the placentas of preeclamptic pregnant women and those of a control group in terms of their T2 star (T2*) values. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Twenty patients diagnosed with preeclampsia and 22 healthy controls, were included in this study...
May 29, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
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