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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774529/inhibition-of-prmt3-activity-selectively-impairs-lxr-driven-transcription-of-hepatic-lipogenic-genes-in-vivo
#1
Joya E Nahon, Christianne Groeneveldt, Janine J Geerling, Miranda Van Eck, Menno Hoekstra
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Agonists for the liver X receptor (LXR) are considered promising therapeutic moieties in cholesterol-driven diseases by promoting cellular cholesterol efflux pathways. However, current clinical application of these agents is hampered by the concomitant LXR-induced activation of a lipogenic transcriptional network, leading to hepatic steatosis. Recent studies have suggested that protein arginine methyltransferase 3 (PRMT3) may act as a selective co-activator of LXR activity...
May 18, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769067/antioxidant-capacity-of-cinnamon-extract-for-palm-oil-stability
#2
Muhammad Zia Shahid, Hafiza Saima, Adeela Yasmin, Muhammad Tahir Nadeem, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Afzaal
BACKGROUND: Spices and their bioactive components are more promising attractions for their inclusion in diet-based regimes to improve human health. These are sources of natural antioxidants and play an important role in the chemoprevention of diseases and aging. The aim of the current study was to explore the antioxidant potential of cinnamon; a widely used spice throughout the world. METHODS: The current research was aimed to investigate the antioxidant potential of cinnamon extract...
May 16, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765817/solid-state-fermentation-of-oil-palm-frond-petiole-for-lignin-peroxidase-and-xylanase-rich-cocktail-production
#3
Mohamed Roslan Mohamad Ikubar, Musaalbakri Abdul Manan, Madihah Md Salleh, Adibah Yahya
In current practice, oil palm frond leaflets and stems are re-used for soil nutrient recycling, while the petioles are typically burned. Frond petioles have high commercialization value, attributed to high lignocellulose fiber content and abundant of juice containing free reducing sugars. Pressed petiole fiber is the subject of interest in this study for the production of lignocellulolytic enzyme. The initial characterization showed the combination of 0.125 mm frond particle size and 60% moisture content provided a surface area of 42...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760328/dynamics-of-polymorphic-transformations-in-palm-oil-palm-stearin-and-palm-kernel-oil-characterized-by-coupled-powder-xrd-dsc
#4
Omar Zaliha, Hishamuddin Elina, Kanagaratnam Sivaruby, Abd Rashid Norizzah, Alejandro G Marangoni
The in situ polymorphic forms and thermal transitions of refined, bleached and deodorized palm oil (RBDPO), palm stearin (RBDPS) and palm kernel oil (RBDPKO) were investigated using coupled X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Results indicated that the DSC onset crystallisation temperature of RBDPO was at 22.6°C, with a single reflection at 4.2Å started to appear from 23.4 to 17.1°C, and were followed by two prominent exothermic peaks at 20.1°C and 8.5°C respectively. Further cooling to -40°C leads to the further formation of a β'polymorph...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754300/green-synthesis-of-palm-oil-mill-effluent-based-graphenic-adsorbent-for-the-treatment-of-dye-contaminated-wastewater
#5
Yeit Haan Teow, Nadzirah Ilyiani Nordin, Abdul Wahab Mohammad
Textile wastewater contains methylene blue (MB), a major coloring agent in textile industry. Activated carbon (AC) is the most widely used adsorbent in removing dyes from industrial wastewater. However, high production cost of AC is the major obstacle for its wide application in dye wastewater treatment. In this study, a sustainable approach in synthesizing graphenic adsorbent from palm oil mill effluent (POME), a potential carbonaceous source, has been explored. This new development in adsorption technique is considered as green synthesis as it does not require any binder during the synthesis process, and at the same time, it helps to solve the bottleneck of palm oil industry as POME is the main cause contributed to Malaysia's water pollution problem...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752495/effects-of-tree-crop-farming-on-land-cover-transitions-in-a-mosaic-landscape-in-the-eastern-region-of-ghana
#6
Kwabena Asubonteng, Karin Pfeffer, Mirjam Ros-Tonen, Jan Verbesselt, Isa Baud
Tree crops such as cocoa and oil palm are important to smallholders' livelihoods and national economies of tropical producer countries. Governments seek to expand tree-crop acreages and improve yields. Existing literature has analyzed socioeconomic and environmental effects of tree-crop expansion, but its spatial effects on the landscape are yet to be explored. This study aims to assess the effects of tree-crop farming on the composition and the extent of land-cover transitions in a mixed cocoa/oil palm landscape in Ghana...
May 11, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745986/using-cellulose-nanofibers-and-its-palm-oil-pickering-emulsion-as-fat-substitutes-in-emulsified-sausage
#7
Yanan Wang, Wenhang Wang, Hongjiao Jia, Guixian Gao, Xiao Wang, Xiaowei Zhang, Yabin Wang
Nano cellulose is attracting great interest in food and nutraceutical fields and also provides a potential additive to develop functional meat products such as low fat sausage. Here, we compared 1 wt% aqueous dispersion of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) and its palm oil Pickering emulsion (CPOE) at the ratio of 1:1 (water: oil, v:v) for being fat alternatives replacing 30% and 50% of the original fat of the emulsified sausage. Replacing fat by CPOE and CNF resulted in lower fat content, lower cooking loss and higher moisture content and higher lightness values (P ≤ 0...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738980/employing-metabolic-engineered-lipolytic-microbial-platform-for-1-alkene-one-step-conversion
#8
Juli Wang, Haiying Yu, Kun Zhu
1-Alkenes are traditionally used as basic chemicals with great importance. Biosynthetic 1-alkenes also have the potential to serve as biofuels. In this study, we engineered a Pseudomonas lipolytic microbial platform for 1-alkene production using hydrophobic substrate as sole carbon source. Fatty acid decarboxylase UndA and UndB were cloned and expressed, which successfully produced 1-alkenes. Optimal culturing temperature and the interruption of competitive pathway were proven to be beneficial to 1-alkene synthesis...
May 1, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737804/effects-of-palm-olein-and-olive-oil-on-serum-lipids-in-a-chinese-population-a-randomized-double-blind-cross-over-trial
#9
Guiju Sun, Hui Xia, Yuexin Yang, Shushu Ma, Haiteng Zhou, Guofang Shu, Shaokang Wang, Xian Yang, Huali Tang, Fengling Wang, Yaqiong He, Rong Ding, Hong Yin, Yanyan Wang, Yang Yang, Hangju Zhu, Ligang Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As the most widely produced edible vegetable oil, palm oil is known as to contain a high level of saturated fatty acid, which was thought to adversely affect serum lipid profiles. However, recent studies have shown no influence or benefits of palm oil on serum lipids. The potential nutritional value of palm oil is attributed to the high mono-unsaturation at the crucial sn2-position of the oil's triacylglycerols, as with the so-called 'healthy' olive oil (OO)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734825/skin-and-eye-irritation-assessment-of-oil-palm-elaeis-guineensis-leaf-extract-for-topical-application
#10
Nor Zuliana Yusof, Siti Salwa Abd Gani, Zafarizal Aldrin Azizul Hasan, Zainab Idris
Many types of phytochemicals have been found to be present in oil palm leaf and could potentially be used as functional ingredients for skincare product. However, as of today, there is no published report on hazard identification and safety assessment of oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis) leaf extract (OPLE), particularly on skin and eye irritation. In this study, potential hazard of OPLE on skin and eye irritation was evaluated as an initial step to the safety assessment of OPLE. In vitro cell viability study of OPLE on normal human dermal fibroblasts showed that OPLE was nontoxic to the cells with percentage viability more than 90% after 24 and 48 hours of incubation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734416/recovery-of-oil-palm-elaeis-guineensis-jacq-somatic-embryos-cryostored-for-20-years
#11
T Beule, P Ilbert, K Adeoti, T Durand-Gasselin, D Dumet, F Engelmann, F Morcillo
  BACKGROUND: A cryopreservation protocol has been established for oil palm somatic embryos (SEs), the efficiency of which must be evaluated, both in terms of regeneration and of long-term storage capacity, before its large-scale routine use. OBJECTIVE: To test the survival and recovery of 29 clones of oil palm somatic embryos cryostored for 20 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clumps of SEs were pregrown for 7 days on medium containing 0.75 M sucrose, dehydrated in air-tight containers containing silica gel to moisture contents between 19-35% fresh weight, and then immersed directly in liquid nitrogen and stored in cryotanks for 20 years...
January 2018: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733507/high-fat-diets-composed-of-palm-stearin-and-olive-oil-equally-exacerbate-liver-inflammatory-damage-and-metabolic-stress-in-mice
#12
Elena Meidan, Yula Kolesnikov, Oren Tirosh
SCOPE: People with fatty liver could be subjected to acute infections such as sepsis. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of high fat diets (HFD) of olive oil and palm stearin on liver inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharides (LPS). METHODS AND RESULTS: C57BL/6J male mice were treated with high fat diets with different sources of oils: Palm stearin and olive oil for 8 weeks followed by LPS injection. The proinflammatory effect of olive oil was also studied using gavage treatment and i...
May 7, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733040/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-risk-management-of-steam-boilers-among-workers-in-palm-oil-mills
#13
Faten Noor Suhaida Shawal, Ng Yee Guan, Dayana Hazwani Mohd Suadi Nata, Vivien How, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin
BACKGROUND: People who work with the steam boilers in palm oil mills are vulnerable to accidents, notably to explosions, whenever failures of any kind occur during their operation. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was conducted in palm oil mills to determine the knowledge, attitude, and perception (KAP) concerning the risk management of steam boilers among workers in palm oil mills. METHODS: A total of 50 workers who were working with steam boilers and/or involved in managing the operation of steam boilers with at least three years of working experience in the palm oil industry were purposively sampled...
May 3, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723622/purification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-gh1-beta-glucosidase-from-jeotgalibacillus-malaysiensis
#14
Kok Jun Liew, Lily Lim, Hui Ying Woo, Kok-Gan Chan, Mohd Shahir Shamsir, Kian Mau Goh
Beta-glucosidase (BGL) is an important industrial enzyme for food, waste and biofuel processing. Jeotgalibacillus is an understudied halophilic genus, and no beta-glucosidase from this genus has been reported. A novel beta-glucosidase gene (1344 bp) from J. malaysiensis DSM 28777T was cloned and expressed in E. coli. The recombinant protein, referred to as BglD5, consists of a total 447 amino acids. BglD5 purified using a Ni-NTA column has an apparent molecular mass of 52 kDa. It achieved the highest activity at pH 7 and 65 °C...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721500/antioxidant-enzyme-activities-and-secondary-metabolite-profiling-of-oil-palm-seedlings-treated-with-combination-of-npk-fertilizers-infected-with-ganoderma-boninense
#15
Mahbod Sahebi, Mohamed M Hanafi, Hasmah Mohidin, M Y Rafii, Parisa Azizi, Abu Seman Idris, A Fariz, Rambod Abiri, Sima Taheri, Mehdi Moradpoor
Oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis Jacq) is one of the major sources of edible oil. Reducing the effect of Ganoderma, main cause of basal stem rot (BSR) on oil palm, is the main propose of this study. Understanding the oil palm defense mechanism against Ganoderma infection through monitoring changes in the secondary metabolite compounds levels before/after infection by Ganoderma under different fertilizing treatment is required. Oil palm requires macro- and microelements for growth and yield. Manipulating the nutrient for oil palm is a method to control the disease...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717686/supplementing-sow-diets-with-palm-oil-during-late-gestation-and-lactation-effects-on-milk-production-sow-hormonal-profiles-and-growth-and-development-of-her-offspring
#16
J Laws, D T Juniper, I J Lean, E Amusquivar, E Herrera, P F Dodds, L Clarke
The supplementing of sow diets with lipids during pregnancy and lactation has been shown to reduce sow condition loss and improve piglet performance. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of supplemental palm oil (PO) on sow performance, plasma metabolites and hormones, milk profiles and pre-weaning piglet development. A commercial sow ration (C) or an experimental diet supplemented with 10% extra energy in the form of PO, were provided from day 90 of gestation until weaning (24 to 28 days postpartum) in two groups of eight multiparous sows...
May 2, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716192/postprandial-metabolomics-response-to-various-cooking-oils-in-human
#17
Po-Sheng Wang, Ching-Hua Kuo, Hsin-Chou Yang, Yu-Jen Liang, Ching-Jang Huang, Lee-Yan Sheen, Wen-Harn Pan
Lipids account for a high proportion of dietary calories, which greatly affect human health. Due to differences in composition of fatty acid of individual cooking oils, certain biological effects of these oils may vary. This study aimed to compare postprandial metabolomic profiles of six commonly consumed cooking oils/ fats. This study adopted a switch-over experimental design (n=15). We carried out a human feeding study with six groups (control without oils, soybean oil, olive oil, palm oil, camellia oil and tallow) and collected fasting and post-prandial serum samples...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705592/design-of-eco-friendly-fabric-softeners-structure-rheology-and-interaction-with-cellulose-nanocrystals
#18
E K Oikonomou, N Christov, G Cristobal, C Bourgaux, L Heux, I Boucenna, J-F Berret
HYPOTHESIS: Concentrated fabric softeners are water-based formulations containing around 10-15 wt% of double tailed esterquat surfactants primarily synthesized from palm oil. In recent patents, it was shown that a significant part of the surfactant contained in today's formulations can be reduced by circa 50% and replaced by natural guar polymers without detrimental effects on the deposition and softening performances. We presently study the structure and rheology of these softener formulations and identify the mechanisms at the origin of these effects...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700132/draft-genome-sequence-of-the-phytopathogenic-fungus-ganoderma-boninense-the-causal-agent-of-basal-stem-rot-disease-on-oil-palm
#19
Condro Utomo, Zulfikar Achmad Tanjung, Redi Aditama, Rika Fithri Nurani Buana, Antonius Dony Madu Pratomo, Reno Tryono, Tony Liwang
Ganoderma boninense is the dominant fungal pathogen of basal stem rot (BSR) disease on Elaeis guineensis We sequenced the nuclear genome of mycelia using both Illumina and Pacific Biosciences platforms for assembly of scaffolds. The draft genome comprised 79.24 Mb, 495 scaffolds, and 26,226 predicted coding sequences.
April 26, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699674/mechanistic-insight-into-the-relationship-between-triacylglycerol-and-crystallization-of-lipase-catalyzed-interesterified-blend-of-palm-stearin-and-vegetable-oil
#20
Ting-Wei Zhu, Hao-Tian Weng, Xia Zhang, Hong Wu, Bing Li
To give a deep insight into the relationship between triacylglycerol and crystallization of interesterified fat, the blends of palm stearin and various vegetable oil were catalyzed by two different immobilized lipases in this study. After interesterification, the blends had wider plastic range indicated by the SFC results and more β' crystal. The improved physicochemical characteristics of interesterified blends were attributed to their changed TAG profiles. The statistical analysis showed that the interesterified blends were more likely to form β' crystal with the increase of SU2 -type TAG content and the decrease of SSS-type TAG content (p < 0...
September 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
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