keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vasorelaxation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818791/low-density-lipoprotein-modified-by-myeloperoxidase-oxidants-induces-endothelial-dysfunction
#1
Adrian I Abdo, Benjamin S Rayner, David M van Reyk, Clare L Hawkins
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) modified by hypochlorous acid (HOCl) produced by myeloperoxidase (MPO) is present in atherosclerotic lesions, where it is implicated in the propagation of inflammation and acceleration of lesion development by multiple pathways, including the induction of endothelial dysfunction. Thiocyanate (SCN(-)) ions are utilised by MPO to produce the oxidant hypothiocyanous acid (HOSCN), which reacts with LDL in a different manner to HOCl. Whilst the reactivity of HOCl-modified LDL has been previously studied, the role of HOSCN in the modification of LDL in vivo is poorly defined, although emerging evidence suggests that these particles have distinct biological properties...
August 5, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817716/endothelial-dysfunction-in-renal-arcuate-arteries-of-obese-zucker-rats-the-roles-of-nitric-oxide-endothelium-derived-hyperpolarizing-factors-and-calcium-activated-k-channels
#2
Dandan Yin, Qianchen Wang, Xun Zhou, Ying Li
The roles of nitric oxide (NO), endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHF), and calcium-activated K+ (KCa) channels in diabetes-associated endothelial dysfunction of small renal arteries are not clear. The present study investigated acetylcholine (ACh)-induced vasorelaxation of renal arcuate arteries from obese Zucker (OZ) rats at different diabetes durations, and the relative contribution of NO, EDHF, and KCa channels to the endothelial dysfunction. OZ rats of 7 weeks (prediabetic stage), 12 weeks (early diabetic stage), and 20 weeks (late diabetic stage), and time-matched lean control rats, were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805949/the-reversible-p2y12-antagonist-act-246475-causes-significantly-less-blood-loss-than-ticagrelor-at-equivalent-antithrombotic-efficacy-in-rat
#3
Markus Rey, Markus Kramberg, Patrick Hess, Keith Morrison, Roland Ernst, Franck Haag, Edgar Weber, Martine Clozel, Martine Baumann, Eva Caroff, Francis Hubler, Markus A Riederer, Beat Steiner
The P2Y12 receptor is a validated target for prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome. The aim of this study was to compare two direct-acting, reversible P2Y12 antagonists, ACT-246475 and ticagrelor, in a rat thrombosis model by simultaneous quantification of their antithrombotic efficacy and surgery-induced blood loss. Blood flow velocity was assessed in the carotid artery after FeCl3 -induced thrombus formation using a Doppler flow probe. At the same time, blood loss after surgical wounding of the spleen was quantified...
October 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799763/iminothioethers-as-hydrogen-sulfide-donors-from-the-gasotransmitter-release-to-the-vascular-effects
#4
Elisabetta Barresi, Giulia Nesi, Valentina Citi, Eugenia Piragine, Ilaria Piano, Sabrina Taliani, Federico Da Settimo, Simona Rapposelli, Lara Testai, Maria Cristina Breschi, Claudia Gargini, Vincenzo Calderone, Alma Martelli
The gasotransmitter hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an important tuner of the cardiovascular homeostasis and its deficiency is etiologically associated with a number of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, the research of original moieties able to release H2S represents a timely issue for drug discovery. In this work, we developed a collection of iminothioethers (ITEs), exhibiting H2S-releasing properties and producing vasorelaxing effects on rat aortic rings. Derivatives 4 and 11, selected as representative of slow and fast rate H2S-donors respectively, produced a complete recovery of the basal coronary flow, reverting the AngII-induced effects in isolated rat hearts...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793049/possible-mechanisms-involved-in-the-vasorelaxant-effect-produced-by-clobenzorex-in-aortic-segments-of-rats
#5
J Lozano-Cuenca, A González-Hernández, O A López-Canales, J R Villagrana-Zesati, J D Rodríguez-Choreão, R Morín-Zaragoza, E F Castillo-Henkel, J S López-Canales
Clobenzorex is a metabolic precursor of amphetamine indicated for the treatment of obesity. Amphetamines have been involved with cardiovascular side effects such as hypertension and pulmonary arterial hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the direct application of 10-9-10-5 M clobenzorex on isolated phenylephrine-precontracted rat aortic rings produces vascular effects, and if so, what mechanisms may be involved. Clobenzorex produced an immediate concentration-dependent vasorelaxant effect at the higher concentrations (10-7...
August 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790927/the-role-of-sulfide-oxidation-impairment-in-the-pathogenesis-of-primary-coq-deficiency
#6
REVIEW
Catarina M Quinzii, Marta Luna-Sanchez, Marcello Ziosi, Agustin Hidalgo-Gutierrez, Giulio Kleiner, Luis C Lopez
Coenzyme Q (CoQ) is a lipid present in all cell membranes. One of the multiple metabolic functions of CoQ is to transport electrons in the reaction catalyzed by sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase (SQOR), the first enzyme of the oxidation pathway of sulfides (hydrogen sulfide, H2S). Early evidence of a defect in the metabolism of H2S in primary CoQ deficiency came from yeast studies in Schizosaccharomyces pombe strains defective for dps1 and ppt1 (homologs of PDSS1 and COQ2, respectively), which have H2S accumulation...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790516/the-molecular-basis-of-portal-hypertension
#7
Don C Rockey
Cirrhosis leads to portal hypertension and vascular abnormalities in multiple vascular beds. There is intense vasoconstriction in the liver and the kidneys, but also vasodilation in the other vascular beds, including the periphery, lungs, brain, and mesentery. The derangement in each of these beds leads to specific clinical disease. The vasoconstrictive phenotype in the liver ultimately leads to clinical portal hypertension, and is caused by an imbalance of vasoconstrictive and vasorelaxing molecules, which will be the focus of this review...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789663/inorganic-nitrate-as-a-treatment-for-acute-heart-failure-a-protocol-for-a-single-center-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#8
Roman Falls, Michael Seman, Sabine Braat, Joshua Sortino, Jason D Allen, Christopher J Neil
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a frequent reason for hospitalization worldwide and effective treatment options are limited. It is known that AHF is a condition characterized by impaired vasorelaxation, together with reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, an endogenous vasodilatory compound. Supplementation of inorganic sodium nitrate (NaNO3) is an indirect dietary source of NO, through bioconversion. It is proposed that oral sodium nitrate will favorably affect levels of circulating NO precursors (nitrate and nitrite) in AHF patients, resulting in reduced systemic vascular resistance, without significant hypotension...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777516/hyperbaric-oxygenation-affects-the-mechanisms-of-acetylcholine-induced-relaxation-in-diabetic-rats
#9
Sanela Unfirer, Martina Mihalj, Sanja Novak, Aleksandar Kibel, Ava Cavka, Zrinka Mijalevic, Mario Gros, Ivica Brizic, Danijela Budimir, Anita Cosic, Mladen Boban, Ines Drenjancevic
The effects of hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO₂) on acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation (AChIR) were evaluated in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats randomized into four groups: healthy controls (Ctrl), diabetic rats (DM), and control and diabetic rats that underwent hyperbaric oxygenation (Ctrl+HBO₂ and DM+HBO₂). AChIR was measured in aortic rings, with L-NAME, indomethacin, or MS-PPOH and a combination of inhibitors. mRNA expression of eNOS, iNOS, COX-1 and COX-2 was assessed by qPCR, and protein expression of CYP4A(1-3) by Western blot...
November 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770019/cardioprotective-effect-of-selective-estrogen-receptor-modulator-raloxifene-are-mediated-by-heme-oxygenase-in-estrogen-deficient-rat
#10
Anikó Posa, Renáta Szabó, Krisztina Kupai, Anikó Magyariné Berkó, Médea Veszelka, Gergő Szűcs, Denise Börzsei, Mariann Gyöngyösi, Imre Pávó, Zoltán Deim, Zoltán Szilvássy, Béla Juhász, Csaba Varga
Estrogens and raloxifene (RAL) have beneficial effects on certain cardiovascular indices in postmenopausal women characterized by estrogen deficiency. Heme oxygenase (HO) activity is increased by 17β-estradiol (E2) and RAL in estrogen-deficient rat resulting in vasorelaxation mediated by carbon monoxide. We determined the expressions of HO in cardiac and aortic tissues after ovariectomy (OVX) and subsequent RAL or E2 treatment. We investigated the effects of pharmacological inhibition of HO enzyme on the arginine vasopressin- (AVP-) induced blood pressure in vivo, the epinephrine- and phentolamine-induced electrocardiogram ST segment changes in vivo, and the myeloperoxidase (MPO) enzyme activity...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769073/compensatory-vasodilator-mechanisms-in-the-ophthalmic-artery-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-gene-knockout-mice
#11
Caroline Manicam, Natalja Ginter, Huige Li, Ning Xia, Evgeny Goloborodko, Jenia Kouchek Zadeh, Aytan Musayeva, Norbert Pfeiffer, Adrian Gericke
Nitric oxide (NO) generated by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) plays an important role in the maintenance of ocular vascular homeostasis. Therefore, perturbations in vascular NO synthesis have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several ocular diseases. We recently reported that eNOS contributes significantly to vasodilation of the mouse ophthalmic artery. Interestingly, dilatory responses were also retained in eNOS gene-deficient mice (eNOS-/-), indicating inherent endothelial adaptive mechanism(s) that act as back-up systems in chronic absence of eNOS to preserve vasorelaxation...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760938/vasorelaxation-to-the-nitroxyl-donor-isopropylamine-nonoate-in-resistance-arteries-does-not-require-perivascular-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide
#12
Alice M H Pinkney, Hamish A L Lemmey, Kim A Dora, Christopher J Garland
Nitroxyl (HNO) donors offer considerable therapeutic potential for the treatment of hypertension-related cardiovascular disorders, particularly heart failure, as they combine an inotropic action with peripheral vasodilation. Angeli's salt is the only HNO donor whose mechanism has been studied in depth, and recently, Angeli's salt vasodilation was suggested to be indirect and caused by calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) released from perivascular nerves after HNO activates TRPA1 (transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A member 1) channels...
July 31, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759085/resveratrol-did-not-alter-blood-pressure-in-rats-with-nitric-oxide-synthase-inhibited-hypertension
#13
Mehmet Aydin, Buket Gungor, A Secil Akdur, Hakki Engin Aksulu, Coskun Silan, Ibrahim Susam, Ali Kemal Cabuk, Gizem Cabuk
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is a well-known experimental model of hypertension (HT). It was shown that oxidative stress contributes to the pathogenesis of HT. Resveratrol is a potent anti-oxidant that is found in red grapes, peanuts and red wine. It improves the NO response and increases endothelial NOS expression, which causes endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation as well as renal vasodilation. We aimed to explore the effects of resveratrol on blood pressure, the water-salt balance and sodium excretion as a reflection of renal function in NOS-inhibited rat models...
May 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756589/crosstalk-between-the-angiotensin-and-endothelin-system-in-the-cerebrovasculature-after-experimental-induced-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#14
Stefan Wanderer, Jan Mrosek, Hartmut Vatter, Volker Seifert, Juergen Konczalla
Under physiologic conditions, losartan showed a dose-dependent antagonistic effect to the endothelin-1 (ET-1)-mediated vasoconstriction. This reduced vasoconstriction was abolished after preincubation with an endothelin B1 receptor (ET(B1)-receptor) antagonist. Also, an increased ET(B1)-receptor-dependent relaxation to sarafotoxin S6c (S6c; an ET(B1)-receptor agonist) was detected by preincubation with losartan. Investigations after experimental induced subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are still missing. Therefore, we analyzed losartan in a further pathological setup...
July 29, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754099/antioxidant-and-vasorelaxant-activities-induced-by-northeastern-brazilian-fermented-grape-skins
#15
José George F Albuquerque, Valéria L Assis, Arthur J P O Almeida, Ionaldo J L D Basílio, Melissa N Luciano, Bruno R L A Meireles, Ângela M T M Cordeiro, Islânia G A Araújo, Robson C Veras, Thaís P Ribeiro, Isac A Medeiros
BACKGROUND: In northeastern Brazil, grape pomace has become a potential alternative byproduct because of the recover phenolic compounds from the vinification process. Comparative analyses were performed between lyophilized extract of grape skins from pomace, described as fermented (FGS), and fresh, unfermented (UGS) grape skins to show the relevant brand's composition upon the first maceration in winemaking. METHODS: The use of in vitro testing such as Folin-Ciocalteu's, DPPH free radical scavenger and HPLC methods were performed to evidence antioxidant effect and phenolic compounds...
July 28, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736816/antinociceptive-activity-of-ent-dihydrotucumanoic-acid-isolated-from-gymnosperma-glutinosum-spreng-less
#16
Angel Josabad Alonso-Castro, Marco Martin González-Chávez, Juan Ramón Zapata-Morales, Alexia Karina Verdinez-Portales, Amanda Sánchez-Recillas, Rolffy Ortiz-Andrade, Mario Isiordia-Espinoza, Fidel Martínez-Gutiérrez, Marco Antonio Ramírez-Morales, Fabiola Domínguez, María Elizabeth Juache-Flores, Roberto Martínez
Preclinical Research The diterpene ent-dihydrotumanoic acid (DTA) was among the compounds isolated from Gymnosperma glutinosum (Spreng) Less (Asteraceae). There are no reports regarding the pharmacological effects of DTA. Cytotoxicity against cancer cells (1-250 µM), and the antibacterial (50-1400 µM) activity of DTA were evaluated using the MTT assay, and the minimum inhibitory concentration test, respectively. The antidiarrheal (1-100 mg/kg p.o.) and anti-inflammatory (2 mg/ear) effects of DTA were evaluated using castor oil and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, respectively...
July 24, 2017: Drug Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731505/calcium-calmodulin-dependent-kinase-2-camkii-mediates-epac-induced-spontaneous-transient-outward-currents-stocs-in-rat-vascular-smooth-muscle
#17
Edward S A Humphries, Tomoko Kamishima, John M Quayle, Caroline Dart
Activation of the major cAMP effector, exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac), induces vascular smooth muscle relaxation by increasing the activity of ryanodine (RyR)-sensitive release channels on the peripheral sarcoplasmic reticulum. Resultant Ca(2+) sparks activate plasma membrane Ca(2+) -activated K(+) (BKCa ) channels, evoking spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) that hyperpolarize the cell and reduce voltage-dependent Ca(2+) entry. In this study we investigate the mechanism by which Epac increases STOC activity...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724979/impairment-of-coronary-endothelial-function-by-hypoxia-reoxygenation-involves-trpc3-inhibition-mediated-kca-channel-dysfunction-implication-in-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#18
Xiang-Chong Wang, Wen-Tao Sun, Jie Fu, Jun-Hao Huang, Cheuk-Man Yu, Malcolm John Underwood, Guo-Wei He, Qin Yang
Despite increasing knowledge of the significance of calcium-activated potassium (KCa) and canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels in endothelial physiology, no studies so far have investigated the link between these two distinct types of channels in the control of vascular tone in pathological conditions. We previously demonstrated that hypoxia-reoxygenation (H-R) inhibits endothelial KCa and TRPC3 channels in porcine coronary arteries (PCAs). The present study further investigated whether modulation of TRPC3 is involved in H-R-induced KCa channel inhibition and associated vasodilatory dysfunction using approaches of wire myography, whole-cell voltage-clamp, and coimmunoprecipitation...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717838/the-triterpenoid-alpha-beta-amyrin-prevents-the-impaired-aortic-vascular-reactivity-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#19
Flávia Almeida Santos, Karine Maria Martins Bezerra Carvalho, Francisco José Batista-Lima, Paulo Iury Gomes Nunes, Ana Flávia Seraine Custódio Viana, Armenio André de Carvalho Almeida da Silva, Said Gonçalves da Cruz Fonseca, Mariana Helena Chaves, Vietla Satyanarayana Rao, Pedro Jorge Caldas Magalhães, Teresinha Silva de Brito
To characterize the protective effects of the triterpenoid mixture alpha, beta-amyrin (AMY, 20 mg/kg, during 15 days) on the reactivity of isolated aorta of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Male Swiss mice were fed with HFD or normal diet (ND) for 15 weeks. Contractions of thoracic aorta in response to KCl or phenylephrine (PHE) and relaxation by acetylcholine (ACh) or sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were analyzed. HFD-fed mice developed hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and significant body weight gain, parameters prevented by AMY treatment...
July 17, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690194/examining-a-role-for-pkg-i%C3%AE-oxidation-in-the-pathogenesis-of-cardiovascular-dysfunction-during-diet-induced-obesity
#20
Olena Rudyk, Philip Eaton
BACKGROUND: Protein kinase G (PKG) Iα is the end-effector kinase that mediates nitric oxide (NO)-dependent and oxidant-dependent vasorelaxation to maintain blood pressure during health. A hallmark of cardiovascular disease is attenuated NO production, which in part is caused by NO Synthase (NOS) uncoupling, which in turn increases oxidative stress because of superoxide generation. NOS uncoupling promotes PKG Iα oxidation to the interprotein disulfide state, likely mediated by superoxide-derived hydrogen peroxide, and because the NO-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway otherwise negatively regulates oxidation of the kinase to its active disulfide dimeric state...
September 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
keyword
keyword
120698
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"