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Vasorelaxation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644897/trpa1-and-trpv1-contribute-to-propofol-mediated-antagonism-of-u46619-induced-constriction-in-murine-coronary-arteries
#1
Pritam Sinharoy, Ian N Bratz, Sayantani Sinha, Loral E Showalter, Spencer R Andrei, Derek S Damron
BACKGROUND: Transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels have emerged as key components contributing to vasoreactivity. Propofol, an anesthetic is associated with adverse side effects including hypotension and acute pain upon infusion. Our objective was to determine the extent to which TRPA1 and/or TRPV1 ion channels are involved in mediating propofol-induced vasorelaxation of mouse coronary arterioles in vitro and elucidate the potential cellular signal transduction pathway by which this occurs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641276/atherosclerosis-and-the-hydrogen-sulfide-signaling-pathway-therapeutic-approaches-to-disease-prevention
#2
Zhi-Jun Wang, Jian Wu, Wei Guo, Yi-Zhun Zhu
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is now admitted as a third gasotransmitter together with nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO), albeit it was originally considered as a foul and poisonous gas. Endogenous H2S production in mammalian cells is counting on the three enzymes acting on cysteine. Involvement of H2S in various physiological and pathological processes has been extensively studied in the last fifteen years. Mounting evidence suggests that H2S is able to protect against atherosclerosis development and progression...
June 23, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623784/antihypertensive-and-vasodilator-effects-of-methanolic-extract-of-inula-viscosa-biological-evaluation-and-pom-analysis-of-cynarin-chlorogenic-acid-as-potential-hypertensive
#3
Zineb Hakkou, Alexandre Maciuk, Veronique Leblais, Nour Elhouda Bouanani, Hassane Mekhfi, Mohammed Bnouham, Mohammed Aziz, Abderrahime Ziyyat, Abdur Rauf, Taibi Ben Hadda, Usama Shaheen, Seema Patel, Rodolphe Fischmeister, Abdelkhaleq Legssyer
BACKGROUND: Inula viscosa L. (Asteraceae) is a medicinal plant widely used as a folk medicine in oriental Morocco, to treat hypertension. The antihypertensive effect of the methanolic extract obtained from I. viscosa leaves was evaluated in hypertensive L-NAME rats. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured using a non-invasive indirect tail-cuff plethysmographic method. Four groups of rats were used: a control group; a hypertensive group treated with L-NAME (32mg/kg/day); a positive control group treated with L-NAME plus enalapril (15mg/kg/day) as a reference antihypertensive agent; and a group treated with L-NAME plus MeOH-extract (40mg/kg/day)...
June 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614771/mantidis-ootheca-induces-vascular-relaxation-through-pi3k-akt-mediated-nitric-oxide-cyclic-gmp-protein-kinase-g-signaling-in-endothelial-cells
#4
H Y Kim, Y J Lee, B H Han, J J Yoon, Y M Ahn, M H Hong, R Tan, D G Kang, H S Lee
Mantidis ootheca (Sang Piao Xiao) is well known mantis eggs in a foamy pouch. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the underlying cellular mechanisms of the nitric oxide (NO)-releasing property of the aqueous extract of Mantidis ootheca (AMO) in rat aorta and vascular endothelial cells. AMO was examined for its vascular relaxant effect in isolated phenylephrine-precontracted rat thoracic aortic rings. The roles of the nitric oxide (NO) signaling in the AMO-induced effects were tested in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
April 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611661/discovery-and-development-of-calcium-channel-blockers
#5
REVIEW
Théophile Godfraind
In the mid 1960s, experimental work on molecules under screening as coronary dilators allowed the discovery of the mechanism of calcium entry blockade by drugs later named calcium channel blockers. This paper summarizes scientific research on these small molecules interacting directly with L-type voltage-operated calcium channels. It also reports on experimental approaches translated into understanding of their therapeutic actions. The importance of calcium in muscle contraction was discovered by Sidney Ringer who reported this fact in 1883...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595178/irisin-regulates-heme-oxygenase-1-adiponectin-axis-in-perivascular-adipose-tissue-and-improves-endothelial-dysfunction-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#6
Ningning Hou, Gang Du, Fang Han, Jin Zhang, Xiaotong Jiao, Xiaodong Sun
AIMS: To determine whether irisin could improve endothelial dysfunction by regulating heme oxygenase-1(HO-1)/adiponectin axis in perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) in obesity. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) with or without irisin treatment. Endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of the thoracic aorta with or without PVAT (PVAT+ or PVAT-) was determined. Western blot was employed to determine the levels of HO-1 and adiponectin in PVAT...
June 9, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591321/effects-of-a-single-bout-of-resistance-exercise-in-different-volumes-on-endothelium-adaptations-in-healthy-animals
#7
Marcelo Mendonça Mota, Tharciano Luiz Teixeira Braga da Silva, Fabricio Nunes Macedo, Thássio Ricardo Ribeiro Mesquita, Lucindo José Quintans, Valter Joviniano de Santana-Filho, Sandra Lauton-Santos, Márcio Roberto Viana Santos
Background: Resistance exercise (RE) has been recommended for patients with cardiovascular diseases. Recently, a few studies have demonstrated that the intensity of a single bout of RE has an effect on endothelial adaptations to exercise. However, there is no data about the effects of different volumes of RE on endothelium function. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of different volumes of RE in a single bout on endothelium-dependent vasodilatation and nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in the mesenteric artery of healthy animals...
May 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585207/endothelial-dysfunction-in-obesity
#8
Atilla Engin
Chronic inflammatory state in obesity causes dysregulation of the endocrine and paracrine actions of adipocyte-derived factors, which disrupt vascular homeostasis and contribute to endothelial vasodilator dysfunction and subsequent hypertension. While normal healthy perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) ensures the dilation of blood vessels, obesity-associated PVAT leads to a change in profile of the released adipo-cytokines, resulting in a decreased vasorelaxing effect. Adipose tissue inflammation, nitric oxide (NO)-bioavailability, insulin resistance and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) are main participating factors in endothelial dysfunction of obesity...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578165/antihypertensive-and-vasorelaxant-effects-of-aqueous-extract-of-artemisia-campestris-l-from-eastern-morocco
#9
Ikram Dib, Monique Tits, Luc Angenot, Jean Noel Wauters, Asmae Assaidi, Hassane Mekhfi, Mohammed Aziz, Mohammed Bnouham, Abdelkhaleq Legssyer, Michel Frederich, Abderrahim Ziyyat
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Artemisia campestris L. (Asteraceae) has many traditional uses, among which treatment of diabetes and hypertension. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was conducted in order to confirm the antihypertensive and hypotensive effects of A. campestris L. aqueous extract (AcAE) and to explore the underlying mechanism of action of its vasorelaxant effect, besides the acute toxicity. Also, the chemical composition of AcAE was investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: the chemical content of AcAE was determined by using HPLC and NMR techniques...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576720/pocahemiketals-a-and-b-two-new-hemiketals-with-unprecedented-sesquiterpenoid-skeletons-from-pogostemon-cablin
#10
Huan Zhu, Qin-Mei Zhou, Cheng Peng, Ming-Hua Chen, Xiao-Nian Li, Da-Sheng Lin, Liang Xiong
Pocahemiketals A and B (1 and 2), two novel hemiketal sesquiterpenoids with unprecedented skeletons, were isolated from the essential oil of the aerial parts of Pogostemon cablin. In addition to a bicyclo[3.2.1]-carbon core, 1 and 2 possessed a hemiketal α,β-unsaturated-γ-lactone moiety. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis, electronic circular dichroism calculation, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 2 exhibited significant vasorelaxant activity against phenylephrine-induced contraction of a rat aorta ring with the EC50 value of 16...
May 30, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572770/in-vivo-cannabidiol-treatment-improves-endothelium-dependent-vasorelaxation-in-mesenteric-arteries-of-zucker-diabetic-fatty-rats
#11
Amanda J Wheal, Khalid Jadoon, Michael D Randall, Saoirse E O'Sullivan
Background and purpose: We have shown that in vitro treatment with cannabidiol (CBD, 2 h) enhances endothelial function in arteries from Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats, partly due to a cyclooxygenase (COX)-mediated mechanism. The aim of the present study was to determine whether treatment with CBD in vivo would also enhance endothelial function. Experimental approach: Male ZDF rats, or ZDF Lean rats, were treated for 7 days (daily i.p. injection) with either 10mg/kg CBD or vehicle (n = 6 per group). Sections of mesenteric resistance arteries, femoral arteries and thoracic aortae were mounted on a wire myograph, and cumulative concentration-response curves to endothelium-dependent (acetylcholine, ACh, 1 nM-100 μM) or endothelium-independent (sodium nitroprusside, SNP, 1 nM-100 μM) agents were constructed...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561785/bioactive-natural-product-and-superacid-chemistry-for-lead-compound-identification-a-case-study-of-selective-hca-iii-and-l-type-ca-2-current-inhibitors-for-hypotensive-agent-discovery
#12
REVIEW
Hélène Carreyre, Grégoire Carré, Maurice Ouedraogo, Clarisse Vandebrouck, Jocelyn Bescond, Claudiu T Supuran, Sébastien Thibaudeau
Dodoneine (Ddn) is one of the active compounds identified from Agelanthusdodoneifolius, which is a medicinal plant used in African pharmacopeia and traditional medicine for the treatment of hypertension. In the context of a scientific program aiming at discovering new hypotensive agents through the original combination of natural product discovery and superacid chemistry diversification, and after evidencing dodoneine's vasorelaxant effect on rat aorta, superacid modifications allowed us to generate original analogues which showed selective human carbonic anhydrase III (hCA III) and L-type Ca(2+) current inhibition...
May 31, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560541/differential-inhibitory-response-to-telcagepant-on-%C3%AE-cgrp-induced-vasorelaxation-and-intracellular-ca-2-levels-in-the-perfused-and-non-perfused-isolated-rat-middle-cerebral-artery
#13
André Erdling, Majid Sheykhzade, Lars Edvinsson
BACKGROUND: Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is one of the most potent endogenous vasodilators identified to date. The present study elucidates the differential interaction of CGRP, its receptor and the effect of the CGRP-receptor antagonist telcagepant on intracellular Ca(2+) -levels and tension in rat middle cerebral arteries (MCA) by pressurized arteriography, FURA-2/wire myography and immunohistochemistry. METHODS: A pressurized arteriograph system was used to evaluate changes in MCA tension when subjected to CGRP and/or telcagepant...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550175/chronic-hypoxia-attenuates-the-vasodilator-efficacy-of-protein-kinase-g-in-fetal-and-adult-ovine-cerebral-arteries
#14
Richard B Thorpe, Margaret C Hubbell, Jinjutha Silpanisong, James M Williams, William J Pearce
Long-term hypoxia (LTH) attenuates nitric oxide (NO) induced vasorelaxation in ovine middle cerebral arteries. Because cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) is an important mediator of NO signaling in vascular smooth muscle, we tested the hypothesis that LTH diminishes the ability of PKG to interact with target proteins and cause vasorelaxation. Prominent among proteins that regulate vascular tone is the large conductance calcium-sensitive potassium (BK) channel, which is a substrate for PKG and is responsive to phosphorylation on multiple serine/threonine residues...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540168/arterial-relaxation-is-coupled-to-inhibition-of-mitochondrial-fission-in-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells-comparison-of-vasorelaxant-effects-of-verapamil-and-phentolamine
#15
Jing Jin, Xin Shen, Yu Tai, Shanliang Li, Mingyu Liu, Changlin Zhen, Xiuchen Xuan, Xiyue Zhang, Nan Hu, Xinzi Zhang, Deli Dong
Mitochondria are morphologically dynamic organelles which undergo fission and fusion processes. Our previous study found that arterial constriction was always accompanied by increased mitochondrial fission in smooth muscle cells, whereas inhibition of mitochondrial fission in smooth muscle cells was associated with arterial relaxation. Here, we used the typical vasorelaxants, verapamil and phentolamine, to further confirm the coupling between arterial constriction and mitochondrial fission in rat aorta. Results showed that phentolamine but not verapamil induced vasorelaxation in phenylephrine (PE)-induced rat thoracic aorta constriction...
May 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539355/xanthine-oxidase-inhibition-protects-against-western-diet-induced-aortic-stiffness-and-impaired-vasorelaxation-in-female-mice
#16
Guido Lastra, Camila Manrique, Guanghong Jia, Annayya R Aroor, Melvin R Hayden, Brady J Barron, Brett Niles, Jaume Padilla, James R Sowers
Consumption of a high-fat high-fructose diet (western diet, [WD]) promotes vascular stiffness, a critical factor in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Obese and diabetic women exhibit greater arterial stiffness than men, which contributes to the increased incidence of CVD in women. Further, high-fructose diets result in elevated plasma concentrations of uric acid via xanthine oxidase (XO) activation, and are also associated with vascular stiffness. In turn, uric acid levels lead to vascular stiffness and CVD in women...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537876/activation-of-perk-branch-of-er-stress-mediates-homocysteine-induced-bkca%C3%A2-channel-dysfunction-in-coronary-artery-via-foxo3a-dependent-regulation-of-atrogin-1
#17
Wen-Tao Sun, Xiang-Chong Wang, Shiu-Kwong Mak, Guo-Wei He, Xiao-Cheng Liu, Malcolm John Underwood, Qin Yang
The molecular mechanism of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in vascular pathophysiology remains inadequately understood. We studied the role of ER stress in homocysteine-induced impairment of coronary dilator function, with uncovering the molecular basis of the effect of ER stress on smooth muscle large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels. The vasodilatory function of BKCa channels was studied in a myograph using endothelium-denuded porcine small coronary arteries. Primary cultured porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cells were used for mRNA and protein measurements and current recording of BKCa channels...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532040/design-synthesis-and-characterization-of-poly-methacrylic-acid-niclosamide-and-its-effect-on-arterial-function
#18
Rui Ma, Zhen-Gang Ma, Chang-Lin Zhen, Xin Shen, Shan-Liang Li, Li Li, Yu-Feng Zheng, De-Li Dong, Zhi-Jie Sun
We have found that niclosamide induced relaxation of constricted artery. However, niclosamide is insoluble, the low bioavailability and the resultant low plasma concentration limit its potential exertion in vivo. The aim of the present study is to synthesize a soluble poly (methacrylic acid-niclosamide) polymer (PMAN) and study the effects of PMAN on arterial function in vitro and the blood pressure and heart rate of rats in vivo. We synthesized the poly (methacrylic acid-niclosamide) polymer (PMAN), the chemical structure of which was identified by FTIR and (1)H NMR spectra...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526517/regulation-of-rhoa-rock-and-sustained-arterial-contraction-by-low-cytosolic-ca-2-levels-during-prolonged-depolarization-of-arterial-smooth-muscle
#19
Cristina Porras-González, Antonio Ordóñez, Antonio Castellano, Juan Ureña
The role of L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs) and RhoA/Rho kinase (ROCK) on depolarization-induced sustained arterial contraction lasting several minutes is already known. However, in vivo, vascular smooth muscle cells can be depolarized for longer periods, inducing substantial inactivation of LTCCs and markedly reducing Ca(2+) influx into the myocytes. We have examined, in femoral arterial rings, the role of LTCCs and RhoA/ROCK during long-lasting depolarization. Our results reveal a new vasoreactive response after 20-30min of depolarization in 2...
May 16, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524210/sulfur-dioxide-foe-or-friend-for-life
#20
REVIEW
Xin-Bao Wang, Hong Cui, Xiaohong Liu, Jun-Bao Du
Sulfur dioxide (SO₂) is a toxic gas and air pollutant. The toxic effects of SO₂ have been extensively studied. Oxidative damage due to SO2 can occur in multiple organs. Inhaled SO₂ can also cause chromosomal aberrations, DNA damage and gene mutations in mammals. However, SO₂ can also be generated from the sulfur-containing amino acid, L-cysteine. Recent studies have shown that SO₂ has a vasorelaxant effect, and ameliorates pulmonary hypertension and vascular remodeling. SO₂ can also reduce lung injury and myocardial injury in rats...
May 19, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
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