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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551885/public-engagement-on-urban-air-pollution-an-exploratory-study-of-two-interventions
#1
Christian Oltra, Roser Sala, Àlex Boso, Sergi López Asensio
The use of portable sensors to measure air quality is a promising approach for the management of urban air quality given its potential to improve public participation in environmental issues and to promote healthy behaviors. However, not all the projects that use air quality mobile sensors consider the potential effects of their use on the attitudes and behaviors of non-expert individuals. This study explores the experiences, perceptions, attitudes, and behavioral intentions of 12 participants who used a real-time NO2 sensor over a period of 7 days in the metropolitan area of Barcelona and compares them with 16 participants who did not have access to the device but rather to documentary information...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551867/dialogical-exchange-class-using-movies-for-mutual-understanding-between-a-korean-and-a-japanese-university
#2
Sunah Oh
This study analyzes a process through which university students in Japan and South Korea come to understand the culture of the other country by exchanging comments on a documentary movie "ANNYON SAYONARA (Hello and Goodbye)" which relates to the Asia-Pacific War and Korean colonial rule by Japan. The approach to understand other cultures through movies is called the "Round Table Cinema Method" and is a method whereby individuals with different cultural backgrounds talk about the same movie to discuss "gaps," "sense of incongruity," and "internal conflicts" that arise...
May 27, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551759/seeing-a-brain-through-an-other-the-informant-s-share-in-the-diagnosis-of-dementia
#3
Laurence Anne Tessier
This article takes up the neuroscientific assumption of our brains as "solitary" and contrasts this understanding with the description of actual clinical practices. Drawing on observations of clinical consultations and team meetings in a world famous US center for the diagnosis of dementia, I examine how the "informant", a member of the patient's family, participates in the diagnosis process. Based on specific situations in which the informant is judged to be a "bad" one, I inquire as to how clinicians use what they understand of the affective relationships between the patient and the bad informant in order to make a diagnosis...
May 27, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551694/-association-of-the-meaning-of-life-with-satisfaction-the-occurrence-of-subjective-complaints-and-the-family-s-economic-status-in-the-population-of-lower-secondary-school-students
#4
Dorota Zawadzka, Magdalena Stalmach, Anna Oblacińska, Izabela Tabak
INTRODUCTION: Feeling of meaning in life is extremely crucial factor of mental health. The lack of it can result in various disorders. Many authors, especially those connected with current of humanistic psychology underline the teenagers' life sense. THE AIM: The aim of the paper was to examine the level of satisfaction with life, the frequency of psychosomatic complaints by junior high school students as well as the estimation of economical status of family and the analysis of meaning in life with above mentioned factors...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551530/activity-of-the-calcium-sensing-receptor-influences-blood-glucose-and-insulin-levels-in-rats
#5
Apolonia Rybczyńska, Aleksandra Marchwińska, Aleksandra Dyś, Konrad Boblewski, Artur Lehmann, Barbara Lewko
BACKGROUND: The calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) has been found not only in parathyroid glands but also in other tissues, e.g. in β cells of the pancreatic islets. Therefore, CaR might likely mediate the mechanism of insulin secretion. The present study was designed to examine the in vivo effects of R-568, a CaR agonist, and NPS2143, a CaR inhibitor, on plasma insulin and blood glucose concentrations. METHODS: Wistar rats, after fasting for 14h before the experiment, were anesthetized with inactin and loaded ip with 1g/kg glucose...
February 24, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551514/flower-like-in2o3-modified-by-reduced-graphene-oxide-sheets-serving-as-a-highly-sensitive-gas-sensor-for-trace-no2-detection
#6
Jie Liu, Shan Li, Bo Zhang, Yinglin Wang, Yuan Gao, Xishuang Liang, Yue Wang, Geyu Lu
In this work, we described gas sensors based on the materials composed of hierarchical flower-likeIn2O3 and reduced graphene oxide (rGO), which were fabricated by a facile one-step hydrothermal method. The rGO-In2O3 composites exhibited enhanced sensing performance towards NO2 through comparison with the pure In2O3 sample. The operating temperature can be tuned by the percentage of rGO in the composites. The sensor based on 5wt% rGO-In2O3 could work at room temperature with a high response value to 1ppm NO2...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551513/eu-iii-functionalized-in-mof-in-oh-bpydc-as-fluorescent-probe-for-highly-selectively-sensing-organic-small-molecules-and-anions-especially-for-chcl3-and-mno4
#7
Jing-Xing Wu, Bing Yan
A highly fluorescent metal-organic framework (In-MOF, In(OH)bpydc (bpydc=biphenyl-5,5'-dicarboxylate)) imparting additional luminescent Eu(3+) ions has been synthesized for sensing organic molecules and anions, especially chloroform and MnO4(-), both of them have a significant spectral response. This Eu(3+)-incorporated hybrid (In-MOF-Eu) has been fully characterized, which reveals large surface area, great pore size, favorable thermal stability, excellent luminescence as well as good fluorescence stability...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551493/residential-greenness-and-adiposity-findings-from-the-uk-biobank
#8
Chinmoy Sarkar
BACKGROUND: With the rapid urbanization and prevailing obesity pandemic, the role of residential green exposures in obesity prevention has gained renewed focus. The study investigated the effects of residential green exposures on adiposity using a large and diverse population sample drawn from the UK Biobank. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a population based cross-sectional study of 333,183 participants aged 38-73years with individual-level data on residential greenness and built environment exposures...
May 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551473/heart-failure-with-myocardial-recovery-the-patient-whose-heart-failure-has-improved-what-next
#9
REVIEW
Petra Nijst, Pieter Martens, Wilfried Mullens
In an important number of heart failure (HF) patients substantial or complete myocardial recovery occurs. In the strictest sense, myocardial recovery is a return to both normal structure and function of the heart. HF patients with myocardial recovery or recovered ejection fraction (EF; HFrecEF) are a distinct population of HF patients with different underlying etiologies, demographics, comorbidities, response to therapies and outcomes compared to HF patients with persistent reduced (HFrEF) or preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
May 24, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551459/child-physical-abuse-high-school-students-mental-health-and-parental-relations-depending-on-who-perpetrated-the-abuse
#10
Nilsson, Nordås, Priebe, Svedin
The aim of this study was to contribute to the research of child physical abuse (CPA) by examining if there were any differences in high school students' mental health (in this study symptoms of depression and anxiety, self-esteem and sense of coherence) and/or, in how they perceive their parents, depending on whether or not they had been subjected to CPA during childhood. In addition, if high school students reported different mental health and/or, relationships with their parents, depending on if their mother, father or both parents were the perpetrators of CPA...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551153/sequential-injection-system-with-amperometric-immunosensor-for-sensitive-determination-of-human-immunoglobulin-g
#11
Chidkamon Thunkhamrak, Preeyaporn Reanpang, Kontad Ounnunkad, Jaroon Jakmunee
Sequential injection (SI) system incorporated with amperometric immunosensor was developed for sensitive determination of human immunoglobulin G (HIgG). A cost effective label-free immunosensor was fabricated by immobilizing anti-HIgG on a graphene oxide (GO) modified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE). The developed electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry(CV), scanning electron microscope(SEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy(EDS) which confirmed the selective immunointeraction of HIgG to the anti-HIgG on the electrode, thus reduced the amperometric current of [Fe(CN)6](3-/4-) redox probe...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551127/sensitive-sers-detection-of-lead-ions-via-dnazyme-based-quadratic-signal-amplification
#12
Aihua Tian, Yu Liu, Jian Gao
Highly sensitive detection of Pb(2+) is very necessary for water quality control, clinical toxicology, and industrial monitoring. In this work, a simple and novel DNAzyme-based SERS quadratic amplification method is developed for the detection of Pb(2+). This strategy possesses some remarkable features compared to the conventional DNAzyme-based SERS methods, which are as follows: (i) Coupled DNAzyme-activated hybridization chain reaction (HCR) with bio barcodes; a quadratic amplification method is designed using the unique catalytic selectivity of DNAzyme...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551122/a-recyclable-silver-ions-specific-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-sers-sensor
#13
Dan Sun, Guohua Qi, Fanghao Cao, Weiqing Xu, Qidan Chen, Shuping Xu
A highly sensitive and recyclable surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) chip sensor is designed for the determination of silver ions. It is based on the specific reversible binding between silver ions and glucose oxidase (GOD). The sensing chip is made by layer-by-layer assembling GOD on a metal nanoparticle-assembled, SERS-active chip with a positive charged polyelectrolyte as a linker. Iso-alloxazine, a chromophore in flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) in GOD, coordinates with silver ions, which causes significant variation in SERS spectra of GOD...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551120/gold-nanoclusters-as-fluorescent-sensors-for-selective-and-sensitive-hydrogen-sulfide-detection
#14
Yan Zhang, Min Li, Qinqin Niu, Pengfei Gao, Guomei Zhang, Chuan Dong, Shaomin Shuang
As a highly toxic environmental pollutant and also an important gasotransmitter in diverse physiological processes, the selective and sensitive detection of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is very significant. In this work, acetylcysteine stabilized gold nanoclusters (ACC@AuNCs)-based fluorescent sensors had been successfully constructed for H2S perception. The sensing principle was that H2S-induced fluorescence quenching of AuNCs which attributed to both the formation of Au2S between Au(I) in the AuNCs and H2S and the increased particle size...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551112/resting-state-hypothalamic-response-to-glucose-predicts-glucose-induced-attenuation-in-the-ventral-striatal-response-to-food-cues
#15
Shan Luo, A James Melrose, Hilary Dorton, Jasmin Alves, John R Monterosso, Kathleen A Page
Feeding behavior is regulated by a complex interaction of central nervous system responses to metabolic signals that reflect nutrient availability and to food cues that trigger appetitive responses. Prior work has shown that the hypothalamus is a key brain area that senses and responds to changes in metabolic signals, and exposure to food cues induces the activation of brain areas involved in reward processing. However, it is not known how hypothalamic responses to changes in metabolic state are related to reward responses to food cues...
May 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550945/pre-birth-sense-of-smell-in-the-wild-boar-the-ontogeny-of-the-olfactory-mucosa
#16
Domenico Fulgione, Martina Trapanese, Maria Buglione, Daniela Rippa, Gianluca Polese, Viviana Maresca, Valeria Maselli
Animals recognize their surrounding environments through the sense of smell by detecting thousands of chemical odorants. Wild boars (Sus scrofa) completely depend on their ability to recognize chemical odorants: to detect food, during scavenging and searching partners, during breeding periods and to avoid potential predators. Wild piglets must be prepared for the chemical universe that they will enter after birth, and they show intense neuronal activity in the olfactory mucosa. With this in mind, we investigated the morpho-functional embryonic development of the olfactory mucosa in the wild boar (in five stages before birth)...
May 17, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550813/a-reliable-sewage-quality-abnormal-event-monitoring-system
#17
Tianling Li, Melissa Winnel, Hao Lin, Jared Panther, Chang Liu, Roger O'Halloran, Kewen Wang, Taicheng An, Po Keung Wong, Shanqing Zhang, Huijun Zhao
With closing water loop through purified recycled water, wastewater becomes a part of source water, requiring reliable wastewater quality monitoring system (WQMS) to manage wastewater source and mitigate potential health risks. However, the development of reliable WQMS is fatally constrained by severe contamination and biofouling of sensors due to the hostile analytical environment of wastewaters, especially raw sewages, that challenges the limit of existing sensing technologies. In this work, we report a technological solution to enable the development of WQMS for real-time abnormal event detection with high reliability and practicality...
May 20, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550739/optimal-design-of-nanowire-field-effect-troponin-sensors
#18
Amirreza Khodadadian, Kiarash Hosseini, Ali Manzour-Ol-Ajdad, Marjan Hedayati, Reza Kalantarinejad, Clemens Heitzinger
We propose a design strategy for affinity-based biosensors using nanowires for sensing and measuring biomarker concentration in biological samples. Such sensors have been shown to have superior properties compared to conventional biosensors in terms of LOD (limit of detection), response time, cost, and size. However, there are several parameters affecting the performance of such devices that must be determined. In order to solve the design problem, we have developed a comprehensive model based on stochastic transport equations that makes it possible to optimize the sensing behavior...
May 20, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550727/multiple-remote-sensing-data-sources-to-assess-spatio-temporal-patterns-of-fire-incidence-over-campos-amaz%C3%A3-nicos-savanna-vegetation-enclave-brazilian-amazon
#19
Daniel Borini Alves, Fernando Pérez-Cabello
Fire activity plays an important role in the past, present and future of Earth system behavior. Monitoring and assessing spatial and temporal fire dynamics have a fundamental relevance in the understanding of ecological processes and the human impacts on different landscapes and multiple spatial scales. This work analyzes the spatio-temporal distribution of burned areas in one of the biggest savanna vegetation enclaves in the southern Brazilian Amazon, from 2000 to 2016, deriving information from multiple remote sensing data sources (Landsat and MODIS surface reflectance, TRMM pluviometry and Vegetation Continuous Field tree cover layers)...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550701/patient-centred-care-in-canada-key-components-and-the-path-forward
#20
Terrence Montague, Amédé Gogovor, John Aylen, Lisa Ashley, Sara Ahmed, Lesli Martin, Bonnie Cochrane, Owen Adams, Joanna Nemis-White
Canadians' health and its care continue to evolve. Chronic diseases affect more than 50% of our aging population, but the majority of public and professional stakeholders retain a sense of care quality. An emergent issue, however, is generating an increasingly wide debate. It is the concept of patient-centred care, including its definition of key components, and efficacy. To advance the evidence base, the 2013-2014 and 2016 Health Care in Canada (HCIC) surveys measured pan-stakeholder levels of support and implementation priorities for frequently proposed components of patient centricity in healthcare...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
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