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Pain management in labor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788769/audit-of-intrapartum-care-based-on-the-national-guideline-for-midwifery-and-birth-services
#1
Sonia Minooee, Masoumeh Simbar, Zohreh Sheikhan, Hamid Alavi Majd
Providing high-quality maternity care is a worldwide health concern that necessitates regular assessment of intrapartum practice. In an observational study, we aimed to audit intrapartum care based on the National Guideline for Midwifery and Birth Services. Using quota sampling, a total of 200 pregnant women, admitted for normal vaginal delivery, were recruited from four educational hospitals in Tehran, Iran. An observational checklist was developed based on the national guideline to assess the quality of provided care...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726743/opinion-paper-the-role-of-work-in-the-management-of-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms
#2
Els Tobback, An Mariman, Lies Clauwaert, Lode Godderis, Stefan Heytens, Patrick Ruppol, Daniel Spooren, Rita Tytgat, Martine De Muynck, Dirk Vogelaers
OBJECTIVES: Patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms suffer from chronic fatigue and/or pain in combination with a variety of other symptoms. A flexible, biopsychosocial approach is needed for diagnostic screening and global management. It is crucial to involve the direct patient environment, including family, friends, colleagues as well as health providers, evaluation, and reintegration sector. The aim of this paper is to review the importance of work in the management of medically unexplained physical symptoms...
May 4, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699420/analysis-of-preventability-of-hypertensive-disorder-in-pregnancy-related-maternal-death-using-the-nationwide-registration-system-of-maternal-deaths-in-japan
#3
Shinji Katsuragi, Hiroaki Tanaka, Junichi Hasegawa, Masamitsu Nakamura, Naohiro Kanayama, Masahiko Nakata, Takeshi Murakoshi, Jun Yoshimatsu, Kazuhiro Osato, Kayo Tanaka, Akihiko Sekizawa, Isamu Ishiwata, Tomoaki Ikeda
OBJECTIVE: Hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP) is a major cause of maternal death. The goal of this study was to investigate factors associated with maternal death due to HDP. STUDY DESIGN: HDP-related maternal deaths in Japan reported to the Committee of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare from 2010 to 2015 were examined. RESULTS: Out of 47 cases of HDP, 30 were identified as the major cause of maternal death. The median maternal age was 34 years (range 24-45) and the mortality in women aged ≥40 years was seven times higher that than in women aged <34 years...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692634/chronic-pain-during-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Shona L Ray-Griffith, Michael P Wendel, Zachary N Stowe, Everett F Magann
Background and purpose: The majority of the reviews and studies on chronic pain in pregnancy have primarily focused on the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options. The purpose of our review was to identify evidence-based clinical research for the evaluation and management of preexisting chronic pain in pregnancy, chronic pain associated with pregnancy, and chronic pain in relation to mode of delivery. Methods: A literature search was undertaken using the search engines PubMed, CINAHL, EBSCOhost, and Web of Science...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680213/effect-of-change-in-position-and-back-massage-on-pain-perception-during-first-stage-of-labor
#5
Suad Abdul-Sattar Khudhur Ali, Hamdia Mirkhan Ahmed
Labor is one of the most painful events in a women's life. Frequent change in positions and back massage may be effective in reducing pain during the first stage of labor. The focus of this study was to identify the impact of either change in position or back massage on pain perception during first stage of labor. A quasi-experimental study. Teaching hospital, Kurdistan Region, Iraq, November 2014 to October 2015. Eighty women were interviewed as a study sample when admitted to the labor and delivery area and divided into three groups: 20 women received frequent changes in position (group A), 20 women received back massage (Group B), and 40 women constituted the control group (group C)...
April 18, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673669/rupture-of-the-scarred-and-unscarred-gravid-uterus-outcomes-and-risk-factors-analysis
#6
Shu-Han You, Yao-Lung Chang, Chih-Feng Yen
OBJECTIVE: To study the maternal and fetal outcomes and assess the risk factors in patients with rupture at the lower-segment or non-lower-segment scarred, or unscarred gravid uterus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gravid patients with uterine rupture were retrospectively collected in Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital from November 2004 to July 2017. The rupture timing and location in association with maternal and fetal outcomes were collected as well as the possible risk factors including surgical history and interval prior to conception were analyzed...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608125/kinesiologic-tape-for-labor-pain-control-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Maria Amelia Miquelutti, Carla Silveira, José Guilherme Cecatti
BACKGROUND: Kinesiologic taping has been studied for managing diverse types of dysfunctions and pain, but not for managing pain during labor. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of using kinesiologic tape (KT) during labor relative to pain, maternal satisfaction, and obstetric and neonatal outcomes. METHOD: The study was a single-blind randomized controlled trial composed of 60 pregnant women divided into two groups...
April 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588826/relationship-between-behavioral-indices-of-pain-during-labor-pain-with-pain-intensity-and-duration-of-delivery
#8
Bibi Marziyeh Hashemi Asl, Atiyeh Vatanchi, Nahid Golmakani, Alireza Najafi
Background: Certain behaviors can be adopted by women to cope with labor pain according to their individual characteristics, which are currently called behavioral indicators during labor pain, and include facial expressions, verbal expressions, tone of voice, body movements, degree of relaxation, and respiratory system functioning during delivery. Moreover, severity of pain and duration of labor can vary due to several factors including individual characteristics. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between behavioral indicators during labor pain, severity of pain, and delivery duration...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560295/a-case-of-sciatica-during-labor-due-to-an-occiput-posterior-fetus
#9
Cassandra Wasson, Telianne Chon
A 28-year-old term G3P0020 received an epidural with complete pain relief. Approximately 19 hours after the epidural placement, the pain increased. Sensory levels were rechecked and were bilateral and adequate at T8. Further discussion revealed that the pain was unrelated to her contractions; it was in her buttocks and radiating down the leg. The possibility of the fetus being positioned occiput posterior (OP) was discussed. The patient was placed into knee-chest position with instantaneous relief of her pain...
January 17, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560153/effect-of-entonox-for-pain-management-in-labor-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Sepideh Gareh Sheyklo, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Ahmad Moosavi, Fatemeh Pournaghi-Azar, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Morteza Ghojazadeh
Background and aim: Entonox was one of the important methods for pain management in the delivery process. In previous years some studies have assessed the effect of this method in Iran. In this regard, the aim of this study was to systematically review studies addressing the effect of Entonox for pain management in labor. Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis study was conducted in 2016. The required data was collected using keywords such as "Entonox", "nitrous oxide", "vaginal delivery", "pain relief", "obstetric", "labor pain", and "labor analgesia", from databases including Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Magiran, SID, and Scopus, and hand-searching of related and valid journals and references of articles...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527296/management-of-eight-labor-and-delivery-patients-dependent-on-buprenorphine-subutex%C3%A2-a-retrospective-chart-review
#11
Solina Tith, Garinder Bining, Laurent Bollag
Background : Opioid use during pregnancy is a growing concern in the United States. Buprenorphine has been recommended by "The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology" as an alternative to methadone to decrease risks associated with the use of illicit opioids during pregnancy. The partial μ-opioid agonists' unique pharmacology, including its long half time and high affinity to the μ-opioid receptor, complicates patient management in a highly kinetic, and often urgent field like obstetric anesthesia...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517297/personality-and-labor-a-retrospective-study-of-the-relationship-between-personality-traits-and-birthing-experiences
#12
Megan Conrad, Shelby Stricker
OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we explored the relationship between a woman's personality, epidural use and perceptions of the labour and birth experience. BACKGROUND: Having a positive birthing experience is relevant to predicting a range of important outcomes including mother-infant bonding, fertility rates and delivery interventions. However, limited research has addressed the kinds of individual differences that may affect a woman's subjective birthing experience...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502993/intraperitoneal-chloroprocaine-is-a-useful-adjunct-to-neuraxial-block-during-cesarean-delivery-a-case-series
#13
M Werntz, R Burwick, B Togioka
BACKGROUND: Use of intraperitoneal local anesthetic to treat intraoperative pain during cesarean delivery has not been described previously. The aim of this study was to determine if intraperitoneal chloroprocaine may be useful as an adjunct to neuraxial block in reducing the proportion of patients with severe intraoperative pain that requires conversion to general anesthesia. Intraperitoneal chloroprocaine was administered during cesarean delivery as a potential alternative, when the anesthesiologist considered performing a general anesthetic due to severe intraoperative pain...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486974/use-of-epidural-clonidine-for-the-management-of-analgesia-in-the-opioid-addicted-parturient-on-buprenorphine-maintenance-therapy-an-observational-study
#14
M R Hoyt, U Shah, J Cooley, M Temple
OBJECTIVES: Management of labor analgesia and post-cesarean delivery pain is challenging in the patient taking buprenorphine as opioid addiction maintenance therapy. We observed whether substituting clonidine for fentanyl in an epidural solution would provide adequate analgesia for labor and after cesarean delivery. METHODS: We substituted our standard 2 µg/mL fentanyl in 0.0625% bupivacaine epidural solution with 2 µg/mL clonidine in 0.0625% bupivacaine, or 1...
May 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481640/cost-effectiveness-evaluation-of-the-inclusion-of-dry-needling-into-an-exercise-program-for-subacromial-pain-syndrome-evidence-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
José L Arias-Buría, Carlos Martín-Saborido, Joshua Cleland, Shane L Koppenhaver, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the inclusion of trigger point-dry needling (TrP-DN) into an exercise program for the management of subacromial pain syndrome. Methods: Fifty patients with unilateral subacromial pain syndrome were randomized with concealed allocation to exercise alone or exercise plus TrP-DN. Both groups were asked to perform an exercise program targeting the rotator cuff musculature twice daily for five weeks. Patients allocated to the exercise plus TrP-DN group also received dry needling during the second and fourth sessions...
February 22, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473378/ureteroscopy-in-pregnant-women-with-complicated-colic-pain-is-there-any-risk-of-premature-labor
#16
Salvatore Butticè, Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Christopher Netsch, Yiloren Tanidir, Francesco Cantiello, Laurian Dragos, Michele Talso, Esteban Emiliani, Rosa Pappalardo, Tarik Emre Sener
OBJECTIVE: Clinical presentation of ureteral stones during pregnancy is generally with renal colic pain. The aim of this study is to present our experience in the management of renal colic during pregnancy in emergency settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 208 pregnant patients who presented to emergency department with renal colic pain and underwent ureteroscopy (URS) due to failed conservative therapy were enrolled in the study. Urinary tract stones were diagnosed either with ultrasound (US) examination or during URS...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#17
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404531/triage-by-cervical-length-sonographic-measurements-for-targeted-therapy-in-threatened-preterm-labor-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Homeira Vafaei, Neda Rahimirad, Seyedeh Marjan Hosseini, Maryam Kasraeian, Nasrin Asadi, Hadi Raeisi Shahraki, Khadijeh Bazrafshan
Background: Preterm labor and birth are associated with several neonatal complications including respiratory distress syndrome and intraventricular hemorrhage. Differentiating true and false labor pain is a dilemma to obstetricians. Objective: To elucidate the role of cervical length measurement in prediction of birth in pregnant women with threatened preterm labor. Materials and Methods: In this double blind randomized clinical trial, 120 women with gestational age <34 wk who presented painful uterine contractions randomly assigned to undergo measurement of cervical length...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397442/efficacy-of-aromatherapy-for-reducing-pain-during-labor-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Rajavadi Tanvisut, Kuntharee Traisrisilp, Theera Tongsong
BACKGROUND: Many strategies for labor pain management have been studied, including aromatherapy, which is a noninvasive, alternative medicine used as an adjunct for labor pain control. Nevertheless, the results were contradictory. Therefore, we conducted this study to determine the effectiveness of aromatherapy for reducing pain during labor. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out on Thai laboring primigravidae who were a low-risk singleton pregnancy undergoing vaginal delivery...
May 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353129/keeping-it-together-and-falling-apart-women-s-dynamic-experience-of-birth
#20
Priscilla J Hall, Jennifer Whitman Foster, Kathryn M Yount, Bonnie Mowinski Jennings
OBJECTIVE: To explore the complexity of women's birth experiences in the context in which they occur and to describe how these influence women's well-being in labor. DESIGN: Qualitative method with a phenomenological approach, following the analysis principles of van Manen. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Eight women from different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds in Atlanta, Georgia, United States with a recent, healthy birth were interviewed twice about their experience of the labor journey...
March 2018: Midwifery
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