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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528527/health-literacy-and-associated-factors-among-hmong-american-immigrants-addressing-the-health-disparities
#1
Belle P Khuu, Hee Y Lee, Anne Q Zhou
Hmong Americans face a disproportionate health burden ranging from the high prevalence of diabetes to depressive disorders. Little research attention has been paid toward exploring contributing factors to this disparity. As such, the present study seeks to fill the gap in the literature by examining the health literacy levels in Hmong Americans and its associated factors. The present study employed Andersen's behavioral model of health service as the theoretical framework. A cross-sectional survey research design was used and information was gathered from 168 Hmong American immigrants...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528455/dyslipidemias-and-cardiovascular-prevention-tailoring-treatment-according-to-lipid-phenotype
#2
REVIEW
Veronika Sanin, Vanessa Pfetsch, Wolfgang Koenig
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aimed to present the current information on the genetic background of dyslipidemias and provide insights into the complex pathophysiological role of several plasma lipids/lipoproteins in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, we aim to summarize established therapies and describe the scientific rationale for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from genetic studies suggests that besides lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, pharmacological reduction of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, or lipoprotein(a) will reduce risk for coronary heart disease...
July 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528449/the-canadian-national-breast-screening-studies-are-compromised-and-their-results-are-unreliable-they-should-not-factor-into-decisions-about-breast-cancer-screening
#3
REVIEW
Daniel B Kopans
The Canadian National Breast Screening Studies were compromised by an unblinded allocation process and poor quality mammography. Contrary to the requirement that allocation in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) be blinded to avoid any possible intentional or unintentional subversion of a random allocation, all women in the CNBSS trials underwent a clinical breast examination prior to assignment to the study arm or the usual care arm. Women with abnormal clinical breast examinations were identified, and this information was available to the coordinators who then assigned the women on open lists...
May 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528391/dynamism-in-the-upstream-invasion-edge-of-a-freshwater-fish-exposes-range-boundary-constraints
#4
Erika S Rubenson, Julian D Olden
Studying the dynamics of species' borders can provide insight into the mechanisms limiting or promoting range expansion in response to environmental change. In the John Day River, Oregon (USA), rising stream temperatures are facilitating the upstream expansion of invasive smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu. Here, where smallmouth bass occupy the upstream limit of its thermal tolerance, we explore population structure and seasonal movement patterns to elucidate the environmental conditions and individual traits that define front edge (where individuals reside year-round) and leading edge (where individuals colonize, but may not establish) limits to its upstream distribution...
May 20, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528380/the-rat-corticospinal-system-is-functionally-and-anatomically-segregated
#5
Rafael Olivares-Moreno, Yunuen Moreno-Lopez, Luis Concha, Guadalupe Martínez-Lorenzana, Miguel Condés-Lara, Matilde Cordero-Erausquin, Gerardo Rojas-Piloni
The descending corticospinal (CS) projection has been considered a key element for motor control, which results from direct and indirect modulation of spinal cord pre-motor interneurons in the intermediate gray matter of the spinal cord, which, in turn, influences motoneurons in the ventral horn. The CS tract (CST) is also involved in a selective and complex modulation of sensory information in the dorsal horn. However, little is known about the spinal network engaged by the CST and the organization of CS projections that may encode different cortical outputs to the spinal cord...
May 20, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528371/assessment-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-eq-5d-3l-and-eq-5d-5l-instruments-in-psoriasis
#6
John Yfantopoulos, Athanasios Chantzaras, Stathis Kontodimas
The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the five-level (EQ-5D-5L) in comparison with the standard three-level (EQ-5D-3L) classification systems of the EQ-5D in a sample of psoriatic patients. Psoriatic subjects (n = 396) recruited from 16 private practicing centers from various areas of Greece self-completed the two EQ-5D versions and the Dermatology Life Quality Index, while information was also collected on socio-demographics, clinical characteristics and comorbidities. The EQ-5D-5L and EQ-5D-3L were evaluated in terms of agreement, feasibility, ceiling effects, redistribution properties, inconsistency, informativity, and convergent and known-groups validity...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528365/the-value-of-evidence-in-the-decision-making-process-for-reimbursement-of-pharmacogenetic-dosing-of-warfarin
#7
Andrej Janzic, Igor Locatelli, Mitja Kos
BACKGROUND: After early clinical trials that evaluated pharmacogenetic (PG) algorithms, many healthcare payers were reluctant to cover this technology and, consequently, PG dosing of warfarin could not be translated into clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the value of upgrading evidence relating to PG dosing of warfarin from the healthcare payer perspective. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated PG dosing of warfarin were identified through a systematic literature search, and their findings were combined by a cumulative meta-analysis...
May 20, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528330/epidemiology-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-the-republic-of-cyprus-a-25-year-retrospective-study
#8
Christiana A Demetriou, Petros M Hadjivasiliou, Kleopas A Kleopa, Yiolanda P Christou, Eleni Leonidou, Theodoros Kyriakides, Eleni Zamba-Papanicolaou
INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rare, rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease. Despite wide variability in the incidence and prevalence of ALS, there is evidence of positive temporal trends and an increase in incidence with age. The aim of this study was to conduct a detailed epidemiological investigation of ALS in Cyprus. METHODS: All registered Cypriot ALS patients in the Republic of Cyprus from January 1985 until December 2014 were included...
May 20, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528317/levels-of-blood-lead-in-griffon-vultures-from-a-wildlife-rehabilitation-center-in-spain
#9
Fernando González, Irene López, Laura Suarez, Virginia Moraleda, Casilda Rodríguez
Lead is considered a highly toxic contaminant with important impacts to bird wildlife. Griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) are a sensitive indicator of the level of environmental contamination due to their position at the top of the food chain and their dependence on human activities. The aim of this study was to assess susceptibility to lead intoxication in Griffon vultures admitted to Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers (WRC), measuring blood lead levels and determining if blood lead concentrations are related to clinical signs, hematological, biochemical or radiographic findings...
May 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528290/modelling-lung-cancer-mortality-rates-from-smoking-prevalence-fill-in-the-gap
#10
Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Usama Bilal, Ramon Clèries, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Marcela Fu, Luís González-de Paz, Manuel Franco, Esteve Fernandez, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to estimate the gap between smoking prevalence and lung cancer mortality and provide predictions of lung cancer mortality based on previous smoking prevalence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Spanish National Health Surveys (2003, 2006 and 2011) to obtain information about tobacco use and data from the Spanish National Statistics Institute to obtain cancer mortality rates from 1980 to 2013. We calculated the cross-correlation among the historical series of smoking prevalence and lung cancer mortality rate (LCMR) to estimate the most likely time gap between both series...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528268/optimistic-honesty-understanding-surgeon-and-patient-perspectives-on-hopeful-communication-in-pancreatic-cancer-care
#11
Kim Blakely, Paul J Karanicolas, Frances C Wright, Lesley Gotlib Conn
BACKGROUND: Prognosis conversations between surgical oncologists and patients with pancreatic cancer are critically important and challenging. Surgeons and their patients often have discrepant understandings of prognosis despite extensive conversations. Little is known about how surgeons approach prognosis conversations with these patients; patients' experiences with these conversations are also not well understood. This qualitative study sought to better understand surgeon and patient perspectives on communication in pancreatic cancer care with a view toward improvement...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528218/laboratory-studies-of-ultrasonic-wave-response-of-fractures-with-different-lengths-anisotropy-characteristics-and-coda-analysis
#12
D Wang, S L Qu, Q Zhao, X Y Yin, F Zhou
Ultrasonic wave propagation in a synthetic medium with different scale fractures is investigated through the physics modeling research. The experiment model consisting of two layers, the first layer is divided into four fractured blocks with a constant fracture density but different dimension and a block without fractures as the reference region. The velocity and reflected amplitude of wave derived from the wide azimuth data processing are anisotropic due to the fractured layer. Coda wave characteristics versus offset and azimuth are obviously different for varying fracture scales...
May 13, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528209/parental-monitoring-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-associations-with-sexual-activity-and-hiv-related-sexual-risk-behaviors
#13
Brian C Thoma
PURPOSE: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at disproportionate risk for HIV infection. Parental monitoring is protective against adolescent sexual risk behavior among heterosexual adolescents, yet it is unclear whether these findings generalize to YMSM. YMSM experience unique family dynamics during adolescence, including coming out to parents and parental rejection of sexual orientation. The present study examined how theoretically derived parental monitoring constructs were associated with sexual activity and sexual risk behaviors among YMSM...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528179/factors-related-to-a-negative-birth-experience-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Lena Henriksen, Elisabeth Grimsrud, Berit Schei, Mirjam Lukasse
OBJECTIVE: this study aimed to explore factors associated with a negative childbirth experience including descriptions from women themselves. DESIGN: we performed a mixed methods study based on data from the Norwegian cohort of the Bidens study, including a total of 1352 multiparous women. Quantitative information was analysed in addition to thematic analysis of 103 free-text comments provided by women with a prior negative childbirth experience. KEY FINDINGS: the total prevalence of a negative birth experience was 21...
May 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528173/school-wellness-team-best-practices-to-promote-wellness-policy-implementation
#15
Erika Profili, Diana S Rubio, Hannah G Lane, Lea H Jaspers, Megan S Lopes, Maureen M Black, Erin R Hager
Schools with wellness teams are more likely to implement federally mandated Local Wellness Policies (LWPs, Local Education Agency-level policies for healthy eating/physical activity). Best practices have been developed for wellness teams based on minimal empirical evidence. The purpose of this study is to determine, among schools with wellness teams, associations between LWP implementation and six wellness team best practices (individually and as a sum score). An online survey targeting Maryland school wellness leaders/administrators (52...
May 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528140/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-respiratory-failure-during-pregnancy
#16
Chen-Yiu Hung, Han-Chung Hu, Li-Chung Chiu, Chih-Hao Chang, Li-Fu Li, Chung-Chi Huang, Chuan-Chi Kao, Po-Jen Cheng, Kuo-Chin Kao
BACKGROUND: Obstetric patients comprise a limited portion of intensive care unit patients, but they often present with unfamiliar conditions and exhibit the potential for catastrophic deterioration. This study evaluated the maternal and neonatal outcomes of respiratory failure during pregnancy. METHODS: Information on 71 patients at >25 weeks gestation in the ICU with respiratory failure was recorded between 2009 and 2013. The characteristics and outcomes of mothers and fetuses were determined through a retrospective chart review and evaluated using Student's t test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528118/calcium-supplementation-decreases-bcp-induced-inflammatory-processes-in-blood-cells-through-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-down-regulation
#17
Patricia Lagadec, Thierry Balaguer, Florian Boukhechba, Grégory Michel, Sébastien Bouvet-Gerbettaz, Jean-Michel Bouler, Jean-Claude Scimeca, Nathalie Rochet
Interaction of host blood with biomaterials is the first event occurring after implantation in a bone defect. This study aimed at investigating the cellular and molecular consequences arising at the interface between whole blood and biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) particles. We observed that, due to calcium capture, BCP inhibited blood coagulation, and that this inhibition was reversed by calcium supplementation. Therefore, we studied the impact of calcium supplementation on BCP effects on blood cells. Comparative analysis of BCP and calcium supplemented-BCP (BCP/Ca) effects on blood cells showed that BCP as well as BCP/Ca induced monocyte proliferation, as well as a weak but significant hemolysis...
May 17, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528114/postoperative-outcomes-of-two-and-three-dimensional-planning-in-orthognathic-surgery-a-comparative-study
#18
Ting-Yu Wu, Hsiu-Hsia Lin, Lun-Jou Lo, Cheng-Ting Ho
OBJECTIVE: Compared with conventional two-dimensional (2D) planning, three-dimensional (3D) planning in orthognathic surgery yields more accurate anatomical information and enables the precise positioning of maxillary and mandibular segments, particularly for patients with facial asymmetry. Accordingly, surgical outcomes achieved using 3D planning should be superior. This study determined the differences between the 2D and 3D planning techniques by comparing their surgical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients who underwent surgery following the traditional 2D planning technique were classified into the 2D planning group...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528099/investigation-on-water-status-and-distribution-in-broccoli-and-the-effects-of-drying-on-water-status-using-nmr-and-mri-methods
#19
Fangfang Xu, Xin Jin, Lu Zhang, Xiao Dong Chen
Many quality attributes of food products are influenced by the water status and the microstructure. Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods are applied to non-destructively monitor the water status and structure of food. The aim of this study is to investigate the water status and distribution inside broccoli tissues and the effects of hot-air drying on the water status by using NMR and MRI methods. Transverse relaxation times (T2) provide the information of water status and water distribution...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528093/kinetic-and-thermodynamic-compensation-a-current-and-practical-review-for-foods
#20
REVIEW
Alfonso Garvín, Raquel Ibarz, Albert Ibarz
Kinetic and thermodynamic compensations have been reported in many chemical, physical, biological and food processes. Kinetic compensation can be found for any process and when it takes place, it gives information about the reaction mechanism and whether the reaction is controlled by enthalpy or entropy. It consists of the linear relationship between the logarithm of the frequency factor (lnk0) and the activation energy (Ea), both previously obtained from the Arrhenius equation for different values of an environmental variable (e...
June 2017: Food Research International
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