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cardiac arrhythmia interpretation

L A Pérula-de Torres, V González-Blanco V, R Luque-Montilla, E Martín-Rioboó, M A Martínez-Adell, J Ruiz-de Castroviejo
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent arrhythmia in clinical practice and has important prognostic implications. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the validity and the reliability of taking the arterial pulse (TAP) in patients over 65 years for detecting in AF and other rhythm disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, observational, multicentre study to validate a diagnostic test within in a controlled clinical trial. SETTING: 39 Primary Care Centres in the Spanish National Health Service...
October 20, 2016: Semergen
Ling Zhang, Robyn Gallagher, Nicole Lowres, Jessica Orchard, S Ben Freedman, Lis Neubeck
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether using the 'think aloud' technique during standard quality of life surveys provides useful additional information about patients' experiences of living with atrial fibrillation (AF) and health related quality of life (HRQoL). BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and has serious health consequences, particularly ischaemic stroke, high rates of morbidity and mortality and poor HRQoL. Standard quality-of-life questionnaires are often used but may not provide sufficient detail of patients' experiences living with AF...
July 14, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Glenna C L Bett
Disruption of cardiac electrical activity resulting in palpitations and syncope is often an early symptom of pregnancy. Pregnancy is a time of dramatic and dynamic physiological and hormonal changes during which numerous demands are placed on the heart. These changes result in electrical remodelling which can be detected as changes in the electrocardiogram (ECG). This gestational remodelling is a very under-researched area. There are no systematic large studies powered to determine changes in the ECG from pre-pregnancy, through gestation, and into the postpartum period...
May 1, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Tobias Reichlin, Roger Abächerli, Raphael Twerenbold, Michael Kühne, Beat Schaer, Christian Müller, Christian Sticherling, Stefan Osswald
The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is the most frequently used technology in clinical cardiology. It is critical for evidence-based management of patients with most cardiovascular conditions, including patients with acute myocardial infarction, suspected chronic cardiac ischaemia, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure and implantable cardiac devices. In contrast to many other techniques in cardiology, the ECG is simple, small, mobile, universally available and cheap, and therefore particularly attractive. Standard ECG interpretation mainly relies on direct visual assessment...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
Jessica E Martin, Karen Christensen, Yvonne Vizzier-Thaxton, Malcolm A Mitchell, Dorothy E F McKeegan
A novel approach to pre-slaughter stunning of chickens has been developed in which birds are rendered unconscious by progressive hypobaric hypoxia. Termed Low Atmospheric Pressure Stunning (LAPS), this approach involves application of gradual decompression lasting 280s according to a prescribed curve. We examined responses to LAPS by recording behaviour, electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) in individual male chickens, and interpreted these with regard to the welfare impact of the process...
September 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Tobias Glück, Peter Alter
Therapeutic implications of marine omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) in cardiovascular disease are still discussed controversially. Several clinical trials report divergent findings and thus leave ambiguity on the meaning of oral omega-3 therapy. Potential prognostic indications of HUFA treatment have been predominantly studied in coronary artery disease, sudden cardiac death, ventricular arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation and heart failure of various origin. It is suspected that increased ventricular wall stress is crucially involved in the prognosis of heart failure...
July 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
F D'Ascenzi, A Zorzi, F Alvino, M Bonifazi, D Corrado, S Mondillo
Adolescents and adults with cardiovascular disease who are engaged in sports activity have an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) that is three times greater than that of their non-athletic counterparts. Sport acts as a trigger for cardiac arrest in the presence of underlying cardiovascular diseases predisposing to life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Frequent and complex premature ventricular beats (PVBs) detected during the cardiovascular screening of the athletic population may be a sign of an underlying cardiovascular disease at risk of SCD, but are also often recorded in trained athletes without cardiovascular abnormalities...
March 31, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
B Kreft
Nowadays, for modern electrotherapy of cardiac arrhythmias different pacemaker systems are used. Antibradycardia pacing systems (e. g. single-chamber, two-chamber, three-chamber systems, frequency-adapted pacemaker) can be distinguished from antitachycardia pacing systems like implantable or portable cardioverter defibrillators and combined antibradycardia/antitachycardia systems. Cutaneous reactions overlying a pacemaker or defibrillator are often termed "pacemaker dermatitis". In terms of the differential diagnostic workup, these cutaneous reactions can have various causes...
May 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Rémi Peyronnet, Jeanne M Nerbonne, Peter Kohl
Mechanical forces will have been omnipresent since the origin of life, and living organisms have evolved mechanisms to sense, interpret, and respond to mechanical stimuli. The cardiovascular system in general, and the heart in particular, is exposed to constantly changing mechanical signals, including stretch, compression, bending, and shear. The heart adjusts its performance to the mechanical environment, modifying electrical, mechanical, metabolic, and structural properties over a range of time scales. Many of the underlying regulatory processes are encoded intracardially and are, thus, maintained even in heart transplant recipients...
January 22, 2016: Circulation Research
Rodrigo J Valderrábano, Alejandro Blanco, Eduardo J Santiago-Rodriguez, Christine Miranda, José Rivera-Del Rio Del Rio, Juan Ruiz, Robert Hunter
BACKGROUND: The clinical impact of arrhythmias on the continuum of critical illness is unclear, and data in medical intensive care units (ICU) is lacking. In this study, we distinguish between different types of arrhythmias and evaluate if their distinction is of clinical importance based on ICU length of stay and mortality outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 215 patients in a community-based teaching hospital medical ICU. Variables gathered include sociodemographic data, arrhythmias identified and interpreted by the study team, and admission diagnoses coded into clinical mediator categories based on theorized common risk pathways...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
Ljuba Bacharova, Vavrinec Szathmary, Jana Svehlikova, Anton Mateasik, Julia Gyhagen, Milan Tysler
UNLABELLED: Midwall fibrosis is a frequent finding in different types of left ventricular hypertrophy. Fibrosis presents a local conduction block that can create a substrate for ventricular arrhythmias and lead to the continuous generation of reentry. Having also impact on the sequence of ventricular activation it can modify the shape of QRS complex. In this study we simulated the effects of slowed conduction velocity in the midwall in the left ventricle and in its anteroseptal region on the QRS morphology using a computer model...
March 2016: Journal of Electrocardiology
Judith M Conijn, Wilco H M Emons, Marcel A L M van Assen, Klaas Sijtsma
The logistic person response function (PRF) models the probability of a correct response as a function of the item locations. Reise (2000) proposed to use the slope parameter of the logistic PRF as a person-fit measure. He reformulated the logistic PRF model as a multilevel logistic regression model and estimated the PRF parameters from this multilevel framework. An advantage of the multilevel framework is that it allows relating person fit to explanatory variables for person misfit/fit. We critically discuss Reise's approach...
April 11, 2011: Multivariate Behavioral Research
Igor H De Oliveira, V H Cene, A Balbinot
An electrocardiograph was designed and implemented, being capable of obtaining electrical signals from the heart, and sending this data via Bluetooth to a tablet, in which the signals are graphically shown. The user interface is developed as an Android application. Because of the technological progress and the increasing use of full portable systems, such as tablets and cell phones, it is important to understand the functioning and development of an application, which provides a basis for conducting studies using this technology as an interface...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Alexander Schlemmer, Sebastian Berg, T K Shajahan, Stefan Luther, Ulrich Parlitz
Analyzing the dynamics of complex excitation wave patterns in cardiac tissue plays a key role for understanding the origin of life-threatening arrhythmias and for devising novel approaches to control them. The quantification of spatiotemporal complexity, however, remains a challenging task. This holds in particular for the analysis of data from fluorescence imaging (optical mapping), which allows for the measurement of membrane potential and intracellular calcium at high spatial and temporal resolution. Hitherto methods, like dominant frequency maps and the analysis of phase singularities, address important aspects of cardiac dynamics, but they consider very specific properties of excitable media, only...
August 2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Imdad Ahmed, Amisha S Patel, Timothy J Balgaard, Lynda E Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Interrogation/interpretation of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) is frequently required in the emergency department (ED) or perioperative areas (OR) where resources to do this are often not available. CareLink Express (CLE; Medtronic, plc, Mounds View, MN, USA) is a technician-supported real-time remote interrogation system for Medtronic CIEDs. Using data from 136 US locations, this retrospective study was designed to assess CLE efficiency compared to traditional device management, and examine its findings...
March 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Pooja Hingorani, Dilip R Karnad, Prashant Rohekar, Vaibhav Kerkar, Yash Y Lokhandwala, Snehal Kothari
Regulatory agencies encourage sponsors to submit 24-hour ambulatory ECG data for assessing cardiac safety of new drugs, and some arrhythmias, hitherto considered rare, have been observed in some early-phase studies. Interpretation of these observations is difficult given the dearth of published data on the prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias seen during 24-hour continuous ECG monitoring in healthy volunteers (HV) from clinical trials. We analyzed drug-free ambulatory ECG recordings from 1273 HV (1000 males, 273 females; age 18-65 years) from 22 phase 1 studies that were analyzed in a core ECG laboratory; all subjects had normal screening ECGs...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Steven J Podd, Conn Sugihara, Stephen S Furniss, Neil Sulke
AIMS: Implantable devices are widely accepted, but not proven, to be the most reliable monitoring method to assess atrial fibrillation (AF) therapies. We compared REVEAL(®)XT implantable cardiac monitors (ICMs) and permanent pacemakers (PPMs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty patients with paroxysmal AF were randomized to ICM or PPM implant 6 weeks prior to pulmonary vein isolation. Permanent pacemakers were programmed to monitoring only (ODO). Device downloads were performed at 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months...
July 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Katherine G Spoonamore, Stephanie M Ware
Sudden cardiac death due to heritable ventricular arrhythmias is an important cause of mortality, especially in young healthy individuals. The identification of the genetic basis of Mendelian diseases associated with arrhythmia has allowed the integration of this information into the diagnosis and clinical management of patients and at-risk family members. The rapid expansion of genetic testing options and the increasing complexity involved in the interpretation of results creates unique opportunities and challenges...
March 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Julie L Preston, Judy Currey, Julie Considine
BACKGROUND: To avoid adverse patient outcomes from inappropriate treatment, it is recommended that an atrial electrogram (AEG) be recorded whenever atrial arrhythmias develop in patients after cardiac surgery. However, AEGs are not commonly performed because nurses lack knowledge about differentiating atrial rhythms on AEGs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether completing a novel online evidence-based education program on interpreting AEGs would improve critical care nurses' AEG interpretation...
2015: Canadian Journal of Critical Care Nursing
Giulio Prati, Giancarlo Vitrella, Giuseppe Allocca, Daniele Muser, Sonja Cukon Buttignoni, Gianluca Piccoli, Giorgio Morocutti, Pietro Delise, Bruno Pinamonti, Alessandro Proclemer, Gianfranco Sinagra, Gaetano Nucifora
BACKGROUND: Analysis of right ventricular (RV) regional dysfunction by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy (ARVC) may be inadequate because of the complex contraction pattern of the RV. Aim of this study was to determine the use of RV strain and dyssynchrony assessment in ARVC using feature-tracking CMR analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-two consecutive patients with ARVC referred to CMR imaging were included. Thirty-two patients with idiopathic RV outflow tract arrhythmias and 32 control subjects, matched for age and sex to the ARVC group, were included for comparison purpose...
November 2015: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
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