keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sepsis marker

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904585/serum-procalcitonin-levels-distinguish-gram-negative-bacterial-sepsis-from-gram-positive-bacterial-and-fungal-sepsis
#1
Shuhua Li, Hengmo Rong, Qinliang Guo, Yifei Chen, Guqing Zhang, Jiong Yang
BACKGROUND: Serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels differ in patients with bacterial or fungal infections and are significantly elevated in patients with Gram-negative bacteremia. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of different inflammatory markers to discriminate sepsis caused by different pathogens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 328 episodes of bacteremia from 292 patients with sepsis and 31 patients with suspected sepsis in this study. Medical records of patients who had bacteremia caused by Gram-negative bacteria (Gram-negative), Gram-positive bacteria (Gram-positive) or fungi were reviewed, and information about PCT and other inflammatory markers was recorded...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899391/atypical-presentation-of-anti-gbm-nephritis-in-a-90-year-old-patient
#2
Julie Omolola Okiro, Chaudhry Adeel Ebad, Amjad Zaman Khan
A 90-year-old woman who had bloody diarrhoea, nausea, weakness and reduced urine output was found to have acute kidney injury. Her inflammatory markers were raised and her chest X-ray suggested an inflammatory process. She was initially suspected to have acute kidney injury secondary to dehydration and sepsis but when her autoimmune screen returned positive for antiglomerular basement membrane antibodies our diagnosis and management strategy was reconsidered. This is a case report of Goodpasture disease presenting in an elderly patient...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897405/premorbid-obesity-but-not-nutrition-prevents-critical-illness-induced-muscle-wasting-and-weakness
#3
Chloë Goossens, Mirna Bastos Marques, Sarah Derde, Sarah Vander Perre, Thomas Dufour, Steven E Thiessen, Fabian Güiza, Thomas Janssens, Greet Hermans, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Katrien De Bock, Greet Van den Berghe, Lies Langouche
BACKGROUND: The 'obesity paradox' of critical illness refers to better survival with a higher body mass index. We hypothesized that fat mobilized from excess adipose tissue during critical illness provides energy more efficiently than exogenous macronutrients and could prevent lean tissue wasting. METHODS: In lean and premorbidly obese mice, the effect of 5 days of sepsis-induced critical illness on body weight and composition, muscle wasting, and weakness was assessed, each with fasting and parenteral feeding...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867249/elevated-omentin-serum-levels-predict-long-term-survival-in-critically-ill-patients
#4
Mark Luedde, Fabian Benz, Jennifer Niedeggen, Mihael Vucur, Hans-Joerg Hippe, Martina E Spehlmann, Florian Schueller, Sven Loosen, Norbert Frey, Christian Trautwein, Alexander Koch, Tom Luedde, Frank Tacke, Christoph Roderburg
Introduction. Omentin, a recently described adipokine, was shown to be involved in the pathophysiology of inflammatory and infectious diseases. However, its role in critical illness and sepsis is currently unknown. Materials and Methods. Omentin serum concentrations were measured in 117 ICU-patients (84 with septic and 33 with nonseptic disease etiology) admitted to the medical ICU. Results were compared with 50 healthy controls. Results. Omentin serum levels of critically ill patients at admission to the ICU or after 72 hours of ICU treatment were similar compared to healthy controls...
2016: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861595/tlr4-cd14-variants-related-serologic-and-immunologic-dys-regulations-predict-severe-sepsis-in-febrile-de-compensated-cirrhotic-patients
#5
Wen-Chien Fan, Chih-Wei Liu, Shuo-Ming Ou, Chia-Chang Huang, Tzu-Hao Li, Kuei-Chuan Lee, Shiang-Fen Huang, Ying-Ying Yang, Yun-Cheng Hsieh, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Ming-Chih Hou, Han-Chieh Lin
Genetic variants and dysfunctional monocyte had been reported to be associated with infection susceptibility in advanced cirrhotic patients. This study aims to explore genetic predictive markers and relevant immune dysfunction that contributed to severe sepsis in febrile acute de-compensated cirrhotic patents. Polymorphism analysis of candidate genes was undergone in 108 febrile acute de-compensated cirrhotic patients and 121 healthy volunteers. Various plasma inflammatory/regulatory cytokines, proportion of classical (CD 16-, phagocytic) and non-classical (CD16+, inflammatory) monocytes, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and intracellular/extracellular cytokines on cultured non-classical monocytes, mCD14/HLA-DR expression and phagocytosis of classical monocytes were measured...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861506/chronic-alcohol-ingestion-delays-t-cell-activation-and-effector-function-in-sepsis
#6
Lindsay M Margoles, Rohit Mittal, Nathan J Klingensmith, John D Lyons, Zhe Liang, Mara A Serbanescu, Maylene E Wagener, Craig M Coopersmith, Mandy L Ford
Sepsis is the leading cause of death in intensive care units in the US, and it is known that chronic alcohol use is associated with higher incidence of sepsis, longer ICU stays, and higher mortality from sepsis. Both sepsis and chronic alcohol use are associated with immune deficits such as decreased lymphocyte numbers, impaired innate immunity, delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions, and susceptibility to infections; however, understanding of specific pathways of interaction or synergy between these two states of immune dysregulation is lacking...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860126/indications-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-vacuum-assisted-closure-therapy-for-upper-gastrointestinal-perforations
#7
Geraldine Ooi, Paul Burton, Andrew Packiyanathan, Damien Loh, Richard Chen, Kalai Shaw, Wendy Brown, Peter Nottle
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic vacuum-assisted closure (EndoVAC) therapy is a recent innovation described for use in upper gastrointestinal perforations and leaks, with reported success of 80-90%. It provides sepsis control and collapses the cavity preventing stasis, encouraging healing of the defect. Whilst promising, initial reports of this new technique have not established clear indications, feasibility and optimal technique. METHODS: We analysed all patients who underwent EndoVAC therapy between 2014 and 2016...
November 15, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851034/1398-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-is-the-most-predictive-marker-of-mortality-in-sepsis
#8
Kota Hoshino, Yasumasa Kawano, Junichi Maruyama, Mariko Mizunuma, Reiko Yamasaki, Junichi Tanaka, Taisuke Kitamura, Hiroyasu Ishikura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849234/thyroid-abnormalities-in-term-infants-with-fungal-sepsis
#9
Maria Helena Baptista Nunes da Silva, Maria Cristina Korbage de Araujo, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Maria Esther Jurfest Rivero Ceccon, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
Objective: To describe thyroid alterations in term newborns (TNB) with fungal sepsis during NICU hospitalization. Method: The study included six TNB that during the clinical and laboratory manifestations of sepsis with positive cultures for fungus showed changes in thyroid hormones, called low T3 syndrome and low T3-T4 syndrome. TNB that could present hormonal changes caused by disease as those born to mothers with thyroid disease, or who had perinatal asphyxia and major surgeries were excluded...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843749/mortality-markers-in-nosocomial-klebsiella-pneumoniae-bloodstream-infection
#10
Bulent Durdu, Ismail Necati Hakyemez, Sibel Bolukcu, Gulay Okay, Bilge Gultepe, Turan Aslan
PURPOSE: Klebsiella pneumoniae is the most common endogen agent for nosocomial infections. In this study, mortality markers were investigated in patients with nosocomial K. pneumoniae blood stream infection (NKp BSI). METHODS: The characteristics of patients >16 years who had NKp BSI diagnosis by daily active surveillance between January 2012 and January 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients who died until 28th day of the clinical follow up and those who survived until this time were statistically compared in terms of various risk factors...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843372/wissler-fanconi-syndrome-and-related-diagnoses-a-case-report
#11
Mustafa Q Albustani, Robert F Howard
INTRODUCTION: Wissler-Fanconi syndrome is a rare rheumatic syndrome that was first described during the 1940s in Europe. Since then, many papers have been written that cover all aspects of this syndrome, most of which are in French and German language, with only a very few in English (none of them recent). We report here a case that fulfils the criteria for Wissler-Fanconi syndrome. Under the more general descriptive umbrella of Wissler-Fanconi syndrome, our patient also fulfils the Modified Jones criteria, and the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis, and was interpreted by other internists and another rheumatologist as fulfilling the Yamaguchi criteria for adult onset Still's disease...
2016: Open Access Rheumatol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837233/critically-ill-patients-demonstrate-large-interpersonal-variation-in-intestinal-microbiota-dysregulation-a-pilot-study
#12
Jacqueline M Lankelma, Lonneke A van Vught, Clara Belzer, Marcus J Schultz, Tom van der Poll, Willem M de Vos, W Joost Wiersinga
PURPOSE: The intestinal microbiota has emerged as a virtual organ with essential functions in human physiology. Antibiotic-induced disruption of the microbiota in critically ill patients may have a negative influence on key energy resources and immunity. We set out to characterize the fecal microbiota composition in critically ill patients both with and without sepsis and to explore the use of microbiota-derived markers for clinical outcome measurements in this setting. METHODS: In this prospective observational cohort study we analyzed the fecal microbiota of 34 patients admitted to the intensive care unit...
November 11, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832827/human-brain-chemokine-and-cytokine-expression-in-sepsis-a-report-of-three-cases
#13
Jordan Warford, Anna-Claire Lamport, Barry Kennedy, Alexander S Easton
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a systemic response to infection that can affect brain function by inducing resident cells (including astrocytes and microglia) to generate brain chemokines and cytokines. However, there are few studies on the human brain. Since this information may shed further light on pathogenesis, our study objective was to measure the expression of 36 chemokines and cytokines in autopsied brain from 3 cases of sepsis and 10 controls, and to relate this to astrocyte and microglial activation...
November 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832426/long-term-outcomes-in-indeterminate-colitis-patients-undergoing-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-function-quality-of-life-and-complications
#14
Katharine L Jackson, Luca Stocchi, Leonardo Duraes, Ahmet Rencuzogullari, Ana E Bennett, Feza H Remzi
INTRODUCTION: It is uncertain whether the outcomes of patients with indeterminate colitis (IC) undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) deteriorate over time. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term pouch function, quality of life, complications, and incidence of Crohn's disease after IPAA for patients with IC compared to ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: A case matched analysis was performed on patients undergoing IPAA for pathologically confirmed IC or UC, between 1985 and 2014...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829716/association-of-hyponatremia-with-in-hospital-outcomes-in-infective-endocarditis-a-5-year-review-from-an-indian-intensive-care-unit
#15
Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Muralidhar D Varma, Shashaank Vallabhajosyula, Saarwaani Vallabhajosyula
Hyponatremia is commonly noted with cardiovascular disorders, but its role in infective endocarditis (IE) is limited to being a marker of increased morbidity in IE patients with intravenous drug use. This was a 5-year retrospective review from an Indian Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Patients >18 years with IE and available serum sodium levels were included in the study. Pediatric and pregnant patients were excluded from the study. Hyponatremia was defined as admission sodium <135 mmol/L. Detailed data were abstracted from the medical records...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825177/diagnostic-value-of-presepsin-in-detection-of-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis
#16
Abdurrahman A Ozdemir, Yusuf Elgormus
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of presepsin in both diagnosis and follow-up of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EOS) and also to compare its effectiveness with C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT). Methods A total of 29 term infants with EOS group and 40 term infants with control group were included in this study. Before initiating therapy, blood samples for whole blood count, CRP, PCT, presepsin, and culture were obtained from all neonates (T0). This procedure was repeated two times at 72 hours (T3) and day 7 (T7)...
November 8, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823961/antagonistic-sepsis-markers-serum-gelsolin-and-actin-gelsolin-ratio
#17
Zoltán Horváth-Szalai, Péter Kustán, Diána Mühl, Andrea Ludány, Beáta Bugyi, Tamás Kőszegi
OBJECTIVES: For appropriate sepsis care, prognostic laboratory markers are mandatory. The aim of our study was to evaluate the predictive value of serum actin, gelsolin and the recently defined actin/gelsolin ratio during sepsis by comparison it to classical clinical and inflammatory laboratory parameters. DESIGN & METHODS: We analyzed sera of severe septic (n=32) and SIRS (n=12) patients for 5days. Ophthalmologic patients (n=27) served as controls. Besides serum actin, gelsolin and actin/gelsolin ratios classical laboratory parameters (WBC count, serum procalcitonin, hsCRP) and clinical scores (APACHE II, SAPS II, SOFA), were also assessed...
November 4, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823951/diagnostic-accuracy-of-presepsin-scd14-st-as-a-biomarker-of-infection-and-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Luis García de Guadiana Romualdo, Patricia Esteban Torrella, Sergio Rebollo Acebes, María Dolores Albaladejo Otón, Roberto Jiménez Sánchez, Ana Hernando Holgado, Enrique Jiménez Santos, Alejandro Ortín Freire
BACKGROUND: Presepsin is a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis. However, results reported about its value to diagnose sepsis in an emergency department (ED) are controversial, probably due to differences in the design of the studies. We have evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of presepsin for infection and sepsis, compared with procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP), in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with suspected infection. METHODS: 223 patients with suspected infection were enrolled for the study...
November 4, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821649/zinc-supplementation-leads-to-immune-modulation-and-improved-survival-in-a-juvenile-model-of-murine-sepsis
#19
Hammad A Ganatra, Brian M Varisco, Kelli Harmon, Patrick Lahni, Amy Opoka, Hector R Wong
Children with severe sepsis are known to have altered zinc homeostasis and decreased circulating zinc levels, suggesting a role for zinc supplementation to improve outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that zinc supplementation would improve survival in a juvenile model of polymicrobial sepsis. Juvenile (13-14-d-old) C57BL/6 mice were treated with 10 mg/kg of zinc via i.p. injections (or vehicle) for 3 d prior to induction of polymicrobial sepsis via i.p. cecal slurry injections. Survival after sepsis was followed for 3 d, and bacterial clearance, ex vivo phagocytosis, systemic inflammatory markers and neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation were quantified...
November 7, 2016: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816958/urinary-orosomucoid-a-novel-early-biomarker-of-sepsis-with-promising-diagnostic-performance
#20
Péter Kustán, Balázs Szirmay, Zoltán Horváth-Szalai, Andrea Ludány, Gábor L Kovács, Attila Miseta, Tamás Kőszegi, Diána Mühl
BACKGROUND: In order to help clinical decision making, we investigated the diagnostic and prognostic ability of urinary orosomucoid (u-ORM) as a new sepsis biomarker, and compared its performance to classical inflammatory parameters. METHODS: We monitored u-ORM in septic (n=43) and SIRS (n=13) patients in a 5-day follow-up study vs. control patients (n=30). U-ORM was measured by a newly developed turbidimetric assay. U-ORM values were referred to urinary creatinine and expressed as u-ORM/u-CREAT (mg/mmol)...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
keyword
keyword
120673
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"