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corneal confocal microscope

L Y Wang, Z Z Xu, J J Zhang, S T Sun, J Li, X F Yu, L Zhu, Y Q Zhang, Y He, J C Li, L L Wang, S Y Tao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of topical voriconazole in patients with fungal keratitis caused by different fungal species. METHODS: Interventional case series. Eighty-four patients aged 18 years or older from central China with confirmed fungal keratitis who presented at the outpatient department of Henan Eye Institute were enrolled in the study. The patients underwent in vivo confocal scanning laser microscopy examination, coneal scraping and microscopic examination and fungal culture, and then received topical voriconazole, closed curative effects were conducted...
September 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Qihua Le, Yan Chen, Yujing Yang, Jianjiang Xu
BACKGROUND: To compare corneal epithelial thickness (CET) and limbal epithelial thickness (LET) measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and in vivo confocal microscope (IVCM) in normal subjects, and evaluate the consistency between them. METHODS: Thirty-eight normal subjects (17 men and 21 women) were enrolled in this study. AS-OCT was performed at central cornea and the superior, inferior, nasal and temporal limbus. Then followed by IVCM examination performed at the same location...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Jianliang Liu, Juanjuan Sun, Yumei Diao, Aijun Deng
BACKGROUND In our clinical experience we discovered that EEG band power may be correlated with corneal nerve injury in retinoblastoma patients. This study aimed to investigate biomarkers obtained from electroencephalography (EEG) recordings to reflect corneal nerve injury in retinoblastoma patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Our study included 20 retinoblastoma patients treated at the Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical University between 2010 and 2014. Twenty normal individuals were included in the control group...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Vishaal Bhambhwani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Shumoos Al-Fahdawi, Rami Qahwaji, Alaa S Al-Waisy, Stanley Ipson, Rayaz A Malik, Arun Brahma, Xin Chen
Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common types of diabetes that can affect the cornea. An accurate analysis of the nerve structures can assist the early diagnosis of this disease. This paper proposes a robust, fast and fully automatic nerve segmentation and morphometric parameter quantification system for corneal confocal microscope images. The segmentation part consists of three main steps. First, a preprocessing step is applied to enhance the visibility of the nerves and remove noise using anisotropic diffusion filtering, specifically a Coherence filter followed by Gaussian filtering...
October 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Atsushi Shiraishi, Xiaodong Zheng, Yuri Sakane, Yuko Hara, Yasuhito Hayashi
PURPOSE: To determine the morphological characteristics of the cornea in eyes with posterior corneal vesicles (PCV) determined by in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). In addition, to compare the morphological characteristics of the corneas of eyes with PCV to those of eyes with posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD). METHODS: Three males and three females aged 17-75 years who were diagnosed with PCV by slit-lamp biomicroscopic findings were studied. The slit-lamp findings, specular microscopic images, corneal endothelial cell densities (CDs), central corneal thickness, and IVCM images were evaluated...
September 1, 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Kate Grieve, Cristina Georgeon, Felipe Andreiuolo, Marie Borderie, Djida Ghoubay, Josette Rault, Vincent M Borderie
PURPOSE: To search for gold-standard histology indicators using alternative imaging modalities in keratoconic corneas. METHODS: Prospective observational case-control study. Fourteen keratoconic corneas and 20 normal corneas (10 in vivo healthy subjects and 10 ex vivo donor corneas) were examined. Images of corneas were taken by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) before keratoplasty. The same removed corneal buttons were imaged after keratoplasty with full-field optical coherence microscopy (FFOCM) and then fixed and sent for histology...
August 25, 2016: Cornea
Jaya D Chidambaram, Namperumalsamy V Prajna, Natasha L Larke, Srikanthi Palepu, Shruti Lanjewar, Manisha Shah, Shanmugam Elakkiya, Prajna Lalitha, Nicole Carnt, Minna H Vesaluoma, Melanie Mason, Scott Hau, Matthew J Burton
PURPOSE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) for moderate to severe microbial keratitis (MK). DESIGN: Double-masked prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients presenting to Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, India, between February 2012 and February 2013 with MK (diameter ≥3 mm, excluding descemetocele, perforation, or herpetic keratitis). METHODS: Following examination, the corneal ulcer was scanned by IVCM (HRT3/RCM, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany)...
August 15, 2016: Ophthalmology
Lydia Bai-Tsin Ann, Alessandro Abbouda, Ricardo F Frausto, Samira Huseynli, Kishan Gupta, Jorge L Alió, Anthony J Aldave
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To report the clinical, histopathological and genetic features of a variant of lattice corneal dystrophy (LCD) associated with two pathogenic mutations in the transforming growth factor-B-induced (TGFBI) gene. METHODS: Clinical characterisation was performed by slit lamp examination and in vivo confocal microscopic imaging (IVCM). Histopathological characterisation was performed with light microscopic examination of an excised corneal button and a peripheral blood samples were collected for TGFBI screening...
July 11, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Yahya Alzahrani, Luisa H Colorado, Nicola Pritchard, Nathan Efron
BACKGROUND: The aim was to determine longitudinal changes in Langerhans cell density (LCD) in the human cornea and conjunctiva during asymptomatic and symptomatic contact lens wear. METHODS: Twenty-five participants with contact lens-induced dry eye (CLIDE) and 35 without CLIDE (NO-CLIDE), diagnosed using a range of symptom questionnaires and objective tests (tear film break up, cotton thread tear test and corneal staining) were enrolled. The central cornea and nasal bulbar conjunctiva were examined using a Heidelberg laser scanning confocal microscope at baseline and following one, four and 24 weeks wear of daily disposable hydrogel contact lenses...
June 28, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Eric C Ledbetter, Patrick L McDonough, Kay Kim
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical, in vivo confocal microscopic, histopathologic, and microbiologic features of canine and feline cases of infectious crystalline keratopathy (ICK). ANIMALS STUDIED: Six dogs and two cats with naturally acquired ICK. PROCEDURES: Medical records of dogs and cats with a clinical diagnosis of ICK were reviewed. Signalment, medical history, clinical findings, and diagnostic evaluations were retrieved, including corneal cytology, histopathology, in vivo confocal microscopy, and microbiology results...
June 29, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Jegan Iyyathurai, Bernard Himpens, Geert Bultynck, Catheleyne D'hondt
Intercellular communication is essential for the coordination and synchronization of cellular processes. Gap junction channels play an important role to communicate between cells and organs, including the brain, lung, liver, lens, retina, and heart. Gap junctions enable a direct route for ions like calcium and potassium, and low molecular weight compounds, such as inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, and various kinds of metabolites to pass between cells. Intercellular calcium wave propagation evoked by a local mechanical stimulus is one of the gap junction assays to study intercellular communication...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Pasquale Aragona, Alessandro Allegra, Elisa Imelde Postorino, Laura Rania, Vanessa Innao, Edward Wylegala, Anna Nowinska, Antonio Ieni, Antonina Pisani, Caterina Musolino, Domenico Puzzolo, Antonio Micali
PURPOSE: To investigate corneal confocal microscopic changes in nonneoplastic and neoplastic monoclonal gammopathies. METHODS: Three groups of subjects were considered: group 1, twenty normal subjects; group 2, fifteen patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS); group 3, eight patients with smoldering multiple myeloma and eight patients with untreated multiple myeloma. After hematologic diagnosis, patients underwent ophthalmologic exam and in vivo confocal microscopic study...
May 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Dong Hyun Kim, Jaeyoung Kim, Hyun Jeong Jeong, Hyun Ju Lee, Mee Kum Kim, Won Ryang Wee
BACKGROUND: Xenocorneal transplantation is one of the solutions for shortage of donor cornea, and remarkable advances have been made in pig-to-rhesus studies from the immunological perspective. Most successful preclinical trials have been carried out with corneas of the Seoul National University (SNU) miniature pig (SNU pig, genetically unmodified) as donor tissues; however, there has been no biophysico-functional evaluation of the SNU pig cornea as a substitute for human cornea. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biophysical and functional compatibility of SNU pig cornea for use in human clinical trials...
May 2016: Xenotransplantation
Hongmin Yun, Kira L Lathrop, Robert L Hendricks
PURPOSE: Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a neurotrophic virus that can cause herpes stromal keratitis (HSK), a severe corneal inflammation that can lead to corneal scarring and blindness. This study identified neurologic changes that occur in HSV-1-infected corneas and related them to HSV-1-induced immunopathology. METHODS: Corneas of BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice were infected with HSV-1 strains that induce HSK. Changes in sensory nerves were identified by immunofluorescence staining of sensory and sympathetic nerves for substance P (SP) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), respectively, and confocal microscopic examination...
April 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Antonio Agresta, Romina Fasciani, Luca Padua, Sergio Petroni, Ilaria La Torraca, Anna Dickmann, Giuseppe Zampino, Aldo Caporossi
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the cytokine receptor-like factor 1 (CRLF1) gene are responsible for Crisponi/Cold-induced Sweat Syndrome, an extremely rare autosomal-recessive multisystem disorder. The protein encoded is a soluble cytokine receptor, involved in the ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor (CNTFR) pathway. The ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) promotes corneal wound healing and patients with Crisponi/CISS1 syndrome suffer from recurrent keratitis. The aim of the study was to report and discuss the corneal alterations in Crisponi/CISS1 rare disease...
April 7, 2016: Ophthalmic Genetics
Tara Abdulrahman Abdullah, Naz Jamal Ibrahim, Musarrat Husain Warsi
INTRODUCTION: Superiority of topical instillation of drug into the cul-de-sac for the treatment of various ophthalmic complications can be validated with commercial availability of a large number of conventional formulations even though this mode of instillation still elicits limitations owing to poor ocular bioavailability. To overcome the drawbacks of conventional formulations, a large number of novel carriers have been investigated. In this perspective, a new novel nanocarrier, chondroitin sulfate (ChS)-chitosan (CS)-nanoparticles (NPs) are being evaluated for improved delivery of bromfenac sodium...
April 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
Yukihiro Matsumoto, Hidekata Yasuoka, Yoshiyuki Ichihashi, Tetsuya Kawakita, Shigeto Shimmura, Kazuo Tsubota
BACKGROUND: We present a clinical case report including in vivo laser confocal microscopic findings of keratitis complicated with Takayasu's arteritis (aortitis syndrome). CASE: A 47-year-old woman was referred to the outpatient clinic of ophthalmology with blurred vision in her both eyes at the onset of Takayasu's arteritis. Since multifocal infiltrates in the stromal corneas with injection were observed with slit-lamp biomicroscope in the both eyes, the diagnosis was keratitis...
February 2016: Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi
Y Cheng, J Wu, H F Zhu, Y Cheng, X P Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the practical value of AutoCAD in quantitative analysis of corneal subbasal epithelial nerves with different degrees of dry eye. METHODS: Ninety patients were divided into groups of mild, moderate, and severe dry eye, 30 patients (60 eyes) in each group. And 30 healthy volunteers were recruited as the normal control group. Confocal microscopy was used to observe the length of the subbasal epithelial nerve plexus. The images were analyzed by AutoCAD software to determine the density (mm/mm(2)), the number of branches, and the curvature score of the subbasal epithelial nerves...
March 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Min Wu, Zhu-lin Hu, Xiao-mei Sun, Jie-jie Dai
OBJECTIVE: To observe the characteristic morphological changes of corneal endothelial dysfunction induced by phacoemulcification in rhesus monkey models under confocal microscope. METHODS: The corneal endothelial dysfunction models were established by phacoemulcification power on the central corneal of 7 to 9 mm diameter in the right eyes of 4 rhesus monkeys (the modeling group). The left eyes of 4 rhesus monkeys were set as blank control group. The structural changes in different corneal layers were evaluated by slit lamp microscope and in vivo confocal microscope before surgery and 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after surgery...
February 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
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