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Yu Lun Tai, Hayden Gerhart, Xián Mayo, J Derek Kingsley
Aortic wave reflection characteristics such as the augmentation index (AIx), wasted left ventricular pressure energy (ΔEw ) and aortic haemodynamics, such as aortic systolic blood pressure (ASBP), strongly predict cardiovascular events. The effects of acute resistance exercise (ARE) using free-weight exercises on these characteristics are unknown. Therefore, we sought to determine the effects of acute free-weight resistance exercise on aortic wave reflection characteristics and aortic haemodynamics in resistance-trained individuals...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Takashi Buma, Jessica L Farland, Margaret R Ferrari
We demonstrate optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM) of lipid-rich tissue using a multi-wavelength pulsed laser based on nonlinear fiber optics. 1047 nm laser pulses are converted to 1098, 1153, 1215, and 1270 nm pulses via stimulated Raman scattering in a graded-index multimode fiber. Multispectral PAM of a lipid phantom is demonstrated with our low-cost and simple technique.
September 2016: Photoacoustics
Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Elizabeth S Norton, Georgios Sideridis, Sara D Beach, Maryanne Wolf, John D E Gabrieli, Nadine Gaab
Research suggests that early identification of developmental dyslexia is important for mitigating the negative effects of dyslexia, including reduced educational attainment and increased socioemotional difficulties. The strongest pre-literacy predictors of dyslexia are rapid automatized naming (RAN), phonological awareness (PA), letter knowledge, and verbal short-term memory. The relationship among these constructs has been debated, and several theories have emerged to explain the unique role of each in reading ability/disability...
October 17, 2016: Developmental Science
Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Jakob Burcharth, Jacob Rosenberg, Hans Raskov
PURPOSE: Evidence supports an association between certain colorectal adenoma characteristics and predisposition to cancer. The association between anatomical location of colorectal adenoma, age and advanced adenomas needs attention. The objective of this study was to evaluate the possible association between occurrence of sporadic advanced adenomas with location and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study using baseline data from index colonoscopy from a randomized controlled trial evaluating chemopreventive treatment against recurrence of colorectal adenomas was performed...
August 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
N Beaudoin, N Gallois, P Viennot, C Le Bas, T Puech, C Schott, S Buis, B Mary
The EU directive has addressed ambitious targets concerning the quality of water bodies. Predicting water quality as affected by land use and management requires using dynamic agro-hydrogeological models. In this study, an agronomic model (STICS) and a hydrogeological model (MODCOU) have been associated in order to simulate nitrogen fluxes in the Seine-Normandie Basin, which is affected by nitrate pollution of groundwater due to intensive farming systems. This modeling platform was used to predict and understand the spatial and temporal evolution of water quality over the 1971-2013 period...
September 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Andrew J Yee, William I Bensinger, Jeffrey G Supko, Peter M Voorhees, Jesus G Berdeja, Paul G Richardson, Edward N Libby, Ellen E Wallace, Nicole E Birrer, Jill N Burke, David L Tamang, Min Yang, Simon S Jones, Catherine A Wheeler, Robert J Markelewicz, Noopur S Raje
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are an important new class of therapeutics for treating multiple myeloma. Ricolinostat (ACY-1215) is the first oral selective HDAC6 inhibitor with reduced class I HDAC activity to be studied clinically. Motivated by findings from preclinical studies showing potent synergistic activity with ricolinostat and lenalidomide, our goal was to assess the safety and preliminary activity of the combination of ricolinostat with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma...
September 16, 2016: Lancet Oncology
Yuqian Jia, Hao Su, Zhenhua Wang, Y-L Elaine Wong, Xiangfeng Chen, Minglin Wang, T-W Dominic Chan
The practical applications of moisture sensitive metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in the extraction technique are faced with avoided challenges related to competitive adsorption and hydrostability. The target analytes cannot be effectively extracted under humid conditions because of the competitive moisture adsorption and/or framework structure collapse of MOFs. In this Letter, metal-organic framework (MOF)@microporous organic network (MON) hybrid materials were explored for the first time as fiber coatings for solid-phase microextraction (SPME)...
October 4, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Caroline Moreau, Brice Autier, Thibault Cavey, Emmanuel Rouger, James Norwood, Claude Bendavid, Martine Escoffre, Martine Sébillot, Olivier Decaux
BACKGROUND: Free light chain (FLC) assays are essential for diagnosis and follow-up of plasma cell dyscrasia. Two assays are available: Freelite (Binding Site) and N Latex FLC (Siemens). The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of renal failure on concordance and correlation between the 2 FLC assays. METHODS: FLC measurements using both assays were performed on 1215 fresh serum samples from patients with or without monoclonal gammopathy and renal failure...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Kala M Mehta, Gwen W Yeo
OBJECTIVE: To identify incidence and prevalence of dementia in racial and ethnic populations in the United States. METHODS: A systematic review of literature. RESULTS: A total of 1215 studies were reviewed; 114 were included. Dementia prevalence rates reported for age 65+ years from a low of 6.3% in Japanese Americans, 12.9% in Caribbean Hispanic Americans, 12.2% in Guamanian Chamorro and ranged widely in African Americans from 7.2% to 20...
September 3, 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
Federica Fogacci, Arrigo Francesco Giuseppe Cicero, Sergio D'Addato, Laura D'Agostini, Martina Rosticci, Marina Giovannini, Enrico Bertagnin, Claudio Borghi
BACKGROUND: High lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels have been re-evaluated as an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular diseases. METHODS: We assessed whether serum Lp(a) levels can significantly influence long-term survival in subjects with an equal general cardiovascular (CV) risk profile. We prospectively evaluated a sample of 1215 adult subjects from the Brisighella Heart Study cohort (M: 608; F: 607; aged 40-69) who had no cardiovascular disease at enrolment...
August 20, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
M F Nóbrega, P G Kinas, R Lessa, E Ferrandis
The sampling of fish from the artisanal fleet operating with surface lines off north-eastern Brazil was carried out between 1998 and 2000. Generalized linear models (GLMs) were used to standardize mean abundance indices using catch and fishing effort data on dolphinfish Coryphaena hippurus and to identify abundance trends in time and space, using 1215 surface line deployments. A standard relative abundance index (catch per unit effort, CPUE) was estimated for the most frequent vessels used in the sets, employing factors and coefficients generated in the GLMs...
February 2015: Journal of Fish Biology
E Tomasik, E Ziółkowska, M Kołodziej, H Szajewska
BACKGROUND: Vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis is a common symptom, and it is considered to be the main cause of failure of oral rehydration therapy. AIM: To systematically update evidence on the effects of ondansetron (5-HT3 serotonin antagonist) for vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched up to April 2016, with no language restrictions, for randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
September 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Heather M Gilmartin, Karen H Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To test the Quality Health Outcomes Model to investigate the relationship between health care-associated infection (HAI) prevention interventions, organizational context, and HAI outcomes using structural equation modeling. METHODS: Variables for adherence to the central line bundle, organizational context, and central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) were selected for this secondary data analysis from 614 US hospitals that participated in the Prevention of Nosocomial Infection and Cost-effectiveness-Refined study...
July 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
Maria Teresa R A Terreri, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Claudio Arnaldo Len, Clovis Artur Almeida da Silva, Cristina Medeiros Ribeiro de Magalhães, Silvana B Sacchetti, Virgínia Paes Leme Ferriani, Daniela Gerent Petry Piotto, André de Souza Cavalcanti, Ana Júlia Pantoja de Moraes, Flavio Roberto Sztajnbok, Sheila Knupp Feitosa de Oliveira, Lucia Maria Arruda Campos, Marcia Bandeira, Flávia Patricia Sena Teixeira Santos, Claudia Saad Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: To establish guidelines based on cientific evidences for the management of cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes. DESCRIPTION OF THE EVIDENCE COLLECTION METHOD: The Guideline was prepared from 4 clinical questions that were structured through PICO (Patient, Intervention or indicator, Comparison and Outcome), to search in key primary scientific information databases. After defining the potential studies to support the recommendations, these were graduated considering their strength of evidence and grade of recommendation...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
J I Barzilay, P Bůžková, H A Fink, J A Cauley, J A Robbins, P S Garimella, D I Jalal, K J Mukamal
: Here we report that abnormal brain white matter and, to a lesser extent, albuminuria are associated with reduced bone mineral density in the hip, spine, and total body in men and women. These findings may explain the increased hip fracture risk reported in some studies in association with microvascular disorders. INTRODUCTION: Markers of microvascular disease have been individually associated with increased risk of osteoporotic fractures in some studies. Here, we examine whether these markers are associated with reduced bone mineral density (BMD) individually and together...
June 1, 2016: Osteoporosis International
C Mendonca, A Mesbah, A Velayudhan, R Danha
We compared awake fibreoptic intubation with awake intubation using the Pentax Airway Scope(®) in 40 adult patients. Sedation was achieved using a target-controlled remifentanil infusion of 1-5 and midazolam. The airway was anaesthetised with lidocaine spray and gargle. The total procedure time - a composite of sedation time, topical anaesthesia time and intubation time - was recorded. The operator's impression of the ease of the procedure and the patients' reported comfort were recorded on a 0-100 mm visual analogue scale...
August 2016: Anaesthesia
O O Ayandipo, O O Afuwape, D O Irabor, A I Abdurrazzaaq
BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernias are very common diseases encountered in surgical practice. Groin hernia is the commonest type of abdominal wall hernias. There are several methods of hernia repair but tension-free repair (usually with mesh) offers the least recurrent rate. AIM: To describe the clinical profile of anterior abdominal wall hernias and our experience in the surgical management of identified hernias. METHOD: The project was a retrospective study of all patients with abdominal wall hernia presenting into surgical divisions of University College Hospital Ibadan during a 6 year period (January 2008 to December 2013)...
December 2015: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
BreOnna C DeLaine, Tao Wu, Christen L Grassel, Avital Shimanovich, Marcela F Pasetti, Myron M Levine, Eileen M Barry
Shigella flexneri is a leading cause of diarrheal disease in children under five in developing countries. There is currently no licensed vaccine and broad spectrum protection requires coverage of multiple serotypes. The live attenuated vaccines CVD 1213 and CVD 1215 were derived from two prominent S. flexneri serotypes: S. flexneri 3a and S. flexneri 6. To provide broad-spectrum immunity, they could be combined with CVD 1208S, a S. flexneri 2a strain that demonstrated promising results in phase I and II clinical trials...
July 2016: Pathogens and Disease
Ju Yup Lee, Kwang Bum Cho, Eun Soo Kim, Kyung Sik Park, Yoo Jin Lee, Yoon Suk Lee, Byoung Kuk Jang, Woo Jin Chung, Jae Seok Hwang
AIM: To investigate factors related to recurrence following en bloc resection using endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in patients with early gastric cancer (EGC). METHODS: A total of 1121 patients (1215 lesions) who had undergone ESD for gastric neoplasia between April 2003 and May 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Data from 401 patients (415 lesions) were analyzed, following the exclusion of those who underwent piecemeal resection, with deep resection margin invasion or lateral margin infiltration, and diagnosed with benign lesions...
April 10, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Luca G Campana, A James P Clover, Sara Valpione, Pietro Quaglino, Julie Gehl, Christian Kunte, Marko Snoj, Maja Cemazar, Carlo R Rossi, Damijan Miklavcic, Gregor Sersa
BACKGROUND: Electrochemotherapy is becoming a well-established treatment for malignancies of skin and non-skin origin and its use is widening across Europe. The technique was developed and optimized from solid experimental and clinical evidence. A consensus document is now warranted to formalize reporting results, which should strengthen evidence-based practice recommendations. This consensus should be derived from high quality clinical data collection, clinical expertise and summarizing patient feedback...
March 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
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