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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702688/pseudomonas-aestus-sp-nov-a-plant-growth-promoting-bacterium-isolated-from-mangrove-sediments
#1
Rafael L F Vasconcellos, Suikinai Nobre Santos, Tiago Domingues Zucchi, Fábio Sérgio Paulino Silva, Danilo Tosta Souza, Itamar Soares Melo
Strain CMAA 1215(T), a Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic, catalase positive, polarly flagellated, motile, rod-shaped (0.5-0.8 × 1.3-1.9 µm) bacterium, was isolated from mangrove sediments, Cananéia Island, Brazil. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CMAA 1215(T) forms a distinct phyletic line within the Pseudomonas putida subclade, being closely related to P. plecoglossicida ATCC 700383(T), P. monteilii NBRC 103158(T), and P. taiwanensis BCRC 17751(T) of sequence similarity of 98...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700742/direct-medical-cost-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-severity-in-type-2-diabetes-in-singapore
#2
Xiao Zhang, Serena Low, Neelam Kumari, Jiexun Wang, Keven Ang, Darren Yeo, Chee Chew Yip, Subramaniam Tavintharan, Chee Fang Sum, Su Chi Lim
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of vision-loss globally among type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients. Information on the economic burden of DR in Singapore is limited. We aim to identify the total annual direct medical costs of DR at different stages, and to examine factors influencing the costs. Four hundreds and seventy T2DM patients who attended the Diabetes Centre in a secondary hospital in Singapore in 2011-2014 were included. Digital color fundus photographs were assessed for DR in a masked fashion...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693903/effectiveness-of-long-term-vortioxetine-treatment-of-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Eduard Vieta, Henrik Loft, Ioana Florea
To investigate the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of vortioxetine in patients treated at therapeutic doses (5-20mg/day) for both acute and maintenance treatment, patient-level data were pooled from 5 long-term (52-week), open-label extension studies of major depressive disorder. The mean (±standard deviation) MADRS total score improved from 17.1±10.2 at the start of maintenance therapy to 7.6±8.2 (observed cases [OC]) or 10.3±9.9 (last observation carried forward [LOCF]) at week 52. The mean HAM-A total scores improved from 11...
July 7, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693711/comparison-of-methods-for-dealing-with-missing-values-in-the-epv-r
#4
David Paniagua, Pedro J Amor, Enrique Echeburúa, Francisco J Abad
BACKGROUND: The development of an effective instrument to assess the risk of partner violence is a topic of great social relevance. This study evaluates the scale of “Predicción del Riesgo de Violencia Grave Contra la Pareja” –Revisada– (EPV-R - Severe Intimate Partner Violence Risk Prediction Scale-Revised), a tool developed in Spain, which is facing the problem of how to treat the high rate of missing values, as is usual in this type of scale. METHOD: First, responses to the EPV-R in a sample of 1215 male abusers who were reported to the police were used to analyze the patterns of occurrence of missing values, as well as the factor structure...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669648/-teaching-pediatrics-to-residents-via-conventional-lectures-in-france-a-national-survey-from-students
#5
B Girard, M Bendavid, J-C Faivre, J Salleron, T Debillon, O Claris, B Chabrol, C Schweitzer, V Gajdos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the point of view of young physicians training in pediatrics in France on their theoretical courses during residency. METHODS: A free-access electronic anonymous survey was sent three times by e-mail to the 1215 residents in pediatrics, from July to October 2015. RESULTS: Fifty-seven percent of French residents in pediatrics responded to the survey. It was established that they took part in six (range, 3-10) half-days of specific theoretical teaching in pediatrics from November 2014 to mid-April 2015...
June 29, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666705/evaluation-of-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-among-us-coal-miners-participating-in-the-enhanced-coal-workers-health-surveillance-program
#6
Megan Lauren Casey, Kathleen B Fedan, Nicole Edwards, David J Blackley, Cara N Halldin, Anita L Wolfe, Anthony Scott Laney
Since 2005, the Enhanced Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (ECWHSP) has offered respiratory examinations to coal miners in a mobile examination unit. As little is known about the cardiovascular health of coal miners, we describe the prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) and obesity among ECWHSP participants. During 2015, 1402 ECWHSP health examinations were performed. The prevalence of BP consistent with hypertension (systolic BP ≥ 140 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mm Hg), prehypertension (systolic BP 120-139 mm Hg or diastolic BP 80-89 mm Hg), and hypertensive crisis (systolic BP ≥ 180 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥ 110 mm Hg) were calculated and compared with the US adult population using standardized morbidity ratios (SMRs)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624550/comparative-genome-analysis-of-fish-pathogen-flavobacterium-columnare-reveals-extensive-sequence-diversity-within-the-species
#7
Pattanapon Kayansamruaj, Ha Thanh Dong, Ikuo Hirono, Hidehiro Kondo, Saengchan Senapin, Channarong Rodkhum
Flavobacterium columnare is one of the deadliest fish pathogens causing devastating mortality in various freshwater fish species globally. To gain an insight into bacterial genomic contents and structures, comparative genome analyses were performed using the reference and newly sequenced genomes of F. columnare including genomovar I, II and I/II strains isolated from Thailand, Europe and the USA. Bacterial genomes varied in size from 3.09 to 3.39Mb (2714 to 3101 CDSs). The pan-genome analysis revealed open pan-genome nature of F...
June 15, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623072/commentary-on-integrative-clinical-genomics-of-advanced-prostate-cancer-robinson-d-van-allen-em-wu-ym-schultz-n-lonigro-rj-mosquera-jm-montgomery-b-taplin-me-pritchard-cc-attard-g-beltran-h-abida-w-bradley-rk-vinson-j-cao-x-vats-p-kunju-lp-hussain-m-feng-fy
#8
Stephen J Freedland, William J Aronson
Toward development of a precision medicine framework for metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), we established a multi-institutional clinical sequencing infrastructure to conduct prospective whole-exome and transcriptome sequencing of bone or soft tissue tumor biopsies from a cohort of 150 mCRPC affected individuals. Aberrations of AR, ETS genes, TP53, and PTEN were frequent (40%-60% of cases), with TP53 and AR alterations enriched in mCRPC compared to primary prostate cancer. We identified new genomic alterations in PIK3CA/B, R-spondin, BRAF/RAF1, APC, β-catenin, and ZBTB16/PLZF...
June 13, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561944/a-global-bibliometric-analysis-of-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-literature
#9
T F C Saunders, B C Rymer, K J McNamara
OBJECTIVE: Bibliometrics uses analysis of content and citations of journal articles to quantify trends in published data. We aim to use bibliometric analysis to identify the global contribution by country to the ENT surgical literature over a five-year period. DATA SOURCE: The top 20 countries for number of articles published in surgery and the 11 English Language Otolaryngology surgical journals with the highest impact factors (IF) were included. Numbers of scientific articles per year (2009-2013) per country for each journal were identified through PubMed...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553702/music-therapy-for-people-with-schizophrenia-and-schizophrenia-like-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Monika Geretsegger, Karin A Mössler, Łucja Bieleninik, Xi-Jing Chen, Tor Olav Heldal, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Music therapy is a therapeutic approach that uses musical interaction as a means of communication and expression. Within the area of serious mental disorders, the aim of the therapy is to help people improve their emotional and relational competencies, and address issues they may not be able to using words alone. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects of music therapy, or music therapy added to standard care, compared with placebo therapy, standard care or no treatment for people with serious mental disorders such as schizophrenia...
May 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542003/providing-choice-in-exercise-influences-food-intake-at-the-subsequent-meal
#11
Natalya J Beer, James A Dimmock, Ben Jackson, Kym J Guelfi
The benefits of regular exercise for health are well established; however, certain behaviors following exercise, such as unhealthy or excessive food consumption, can counteract some of these benefits. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of autonomy support (through the provision of choice) in exercise - relative to a no-choice condition with matched energy expenditure - on appetite and subsequent energy intake. METHODS: Fifty-eight men and women (body mass index: 22...
May 23, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499192/handgrip-strength-is-associated-with-anthropometrics-variables-and-sex-in-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study-providing-reference-values
#12
Pedro Ángel Latorre Román, David Mora López, Beatriz Berrios Aguayo, Alejandro Robles Fuentes, Felipe García-Pinillos, Melchor Martínez Redondo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of age, sex and anthropometric variables in handgrip strength and to determine norm-referenced values for preschool children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1215 children, aged 3-6 years (590 girls and 625 boys). INTERVENTION: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Handgrip strength (HS), measured by the CAMRY hydraulic hand dynamometer (EH101; Camry, Guangdong Province, China)...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489890/unmasking-inequalities-sub-national-maternal-and-child-mortality-data-from-two-urban-slums-in-lagos-nigeria-tells-the-story
#13
Erin Anastasi, Ekanem Ekanem, Olivia Hill, Agnes Adebayo Oluwakemi, Oluwatosin Abayomi, Andrea Bernasconi
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world as well as high perinatal mortality. Unfortunately, the country does not have the resources to assess this critical indicator with the conventional health information system and measuring its progress toward the goal of ending preventable maternal deaths is almost impossible. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) conducted a cross-sectional study to assess maternal and perinatal mortality in Makoko Riverine and Badia East, two of the most vulnerable slums of Lagos...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487457/do-outcomes-after-kidney-transplantation-differ-for-black-patients-in-england-versus-new-york-state-a-comparative-population-cohort-analysis
#14
Sanna Tahir, Holly Gillott, Francesca Jackson-Spence, Jay Nath, Jemma Mytton, Felicity Evison, Adnan Sharif
OBJECTIVES: Inferior outcomes for black kidney transplant recipients in the USA may not be generalisable elsewhere. In this population cohort analysis, we compared outcomes for black kidney transplant patients in England versus New York State. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, population cohort study utilising administrative data registries. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: English data were derived from Hospital Episode Statistics, while New York State data were derived from Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484124/propensity-score-matched-comparison-of-midterm-angiographic-outcomes-of-sirolimus-versus-everolimus-and-biolimus-eluting-stents-for-de-novo-coronary-stenosis
#15
Kenichiro Suzuki, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Makoto Mutoh, Hiroshi Sakamoto, Chikara Mori, Takayuki Ogawa, Koichi Hashimoto, Takeyuki Kubota, Kimiaki Komukai, Michihiro Yoshimura
We conducted propensity-score matched comparisons of midterm angiographic outcomes of sirolimus (SES) versus either everolimus- (EES) or biolimus- (BES) eluting stents after placements for coronary stenosis in a daily practice environment since previous randomized trials did not demonstrate the superiority of EES and BES over SES in terms of midterm angiographic outcomes.The present study was a non-randomized, retrospective, and lesion-based study, recruiting angiographically followed-up lesions within 550 days after successful and elective SES (n = 1793), EES (n = 1303), or BES (n = 324) placement for de novo native coronary stenosis during the period from August 2004 to January 2014 at 6 institutes...
May 8, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479831/classification-of-stable-solutions-for-non-homogeneous-higher-order-elliptic-pdes
#16
Abdellaziz Harrabi, Belgacem Rahal, Mohamed Karim Hamdani
Under some assumptions on the nonlinearity f, we will study the nonexistence of nontrivial stable solutions or solutions which are stable outside a compact set of [Formula: see text] for the following semilinear higher-order problem: [Formula: see text] with [Formula: see text]. The main methods used are the integral estimates and the Pohozaev identity. Many classes of nonlinearity will be considered; even the sign-changing nonlinearity, which has an adequate subcritical growth at zero as for example [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text]...
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452069/the-hdac6-inhibitor-tubacin-induces-release-of-cd133-extracellular-vesicles-from-cancer-cells
#17
Olivia S Chao, Tim C Chang, Maria A Di Bella, Riccardo Alessandro, Fabio Anzanello, Germana Rappa, Oscar B Goodman, Aurelio Lorico
Tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are emerging as an important mode of intercellular communication, capable of transferring biologically active molecules that facilitate the malignant growth and metastatic process. CD133 (Prominin-1), a stem cell marker implicated in tumor initiation, differentiation and resistance to anti-cancer therapy, is reportedly associated with EVs in various types of cancer. However, little is known about the factors that regulate the release of these CD133(+) EVs. Here, we report that the HDAC6 inhibitor tubacin promoted the extracellular release of CD133(+) EVs from human FEMX-I metastatic melanoma and Caco-2 colorectal carcinoma cells, with a concomitant downregulation of intracellular CD133...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444736/selective-progesterone-receptor-modulators-sprms-for-uterine-fibroids
#18
REVIEW
Ally Murji, Lucy Whitaker, Tiffany L Chow, Mara L Sobel
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids are smooth muscle tumours arising from the uterus. These tumours, although benign, are commonly associated with abnormal uterine bleeding, bulk symptoms and reproductive dysfunction. The importance of progesterone in fibroid pathogenesis supports selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs) as effective treatment. Both biochemical and clinical evidence suggests that SPRMs may reduce fibroid growth and ameliorate symptoms. SPRMs can cause unique histological changes to the endometrium that are not related to cancer, are not precancerous and have been found to be benign and reversible...
April 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413114/left-atrial-appendage-thrombi-relate-to-easily-accessible-clinical-parameters-in-patients-undergoing-atrial-fibrillation-transcatheter-ablation-a-multicenter-study
#19
Matteo Anselmino, Lucia Garberoglio, Sebastiano Gili, Emanuele Bertaglia, Giuseppe Stabile, Raffaella Marazzi, Sakis Themistoclakis, Franceso Solimene, Simone Frea, Walter Grosso Marra, Mara Morello, Marco Scaglione, Roberto De Ponti, Fiorenzo Gaita
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is routinely performed before atrial fibrillation (AF) transcatheter ablation to exclude the presence of left atrial (LA) or LA appendage (LAA) thrombi. The aim of the study is to evaluate if easily accessible clinical parameters may relate to the presence of LA or LAA thrombi to identify patients who could potentially avoid TEE. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 2012 and September 2014, data from 1539 consecutive patients undergoing TEE, as a work-up before AF transcatheter ablation, in six large volume centers were collected...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387851/does-intrawound-vancomycin-application-during-spine-surgery-create-vancomycin-resistant-organism
#20
Silky Chotai, Patty W Wright, Andrew T Hale, Whitney A Jones, Matthew J McGirt, Joshua C Patt, Clinton J Devin
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) following spine surgery is a morbid and expensive complication. The use of intrawound vancomycin is emerging as a solution to reduce SSI. The development of vancomycin-resistant pathogens is an understandable concern. OBJECTIVE: To determine the occurrence of vancomycin-resistant SSI in patients with and without use of intrawound vancomycin. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective spine surgery were dichotomized based on whether intrawound vancomycin was applied...
May 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
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