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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906980/patterns-of-sexual-behavior-in-lowland-thai-youth-and-ethnic-minorities-attending-high-school-in-rural-chiang-mai-thailand
#1
Linda Aurpibul, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Surapee Tarnkehard
INTRODUCTION: The rural areas of Northern Thailand are home to a large cultural diversity of ethnic minority groups. Previous studies have shown that young people in rural Thailand have low levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and high sexual risks. We compared sexual behaviors between the lowland Thai youth and the youth from ethnic minority groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a cross-sectional quantitative study conducted among high-school Thai and ethnic students in Chiang Mai...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902514/prevalence-and-epidemiology-of-hepatitis-d-among-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-a-report-from-northern-spain
#2
Carlos Ordieres, Carmen A Navascués, María L González-Diéguez, Mercedes Rodríguez, Valle Cadahía, María Varela, Luis Rodrigo, Manuel Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: The incidence of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection has decreased during the last decades. However, an increasing trend has been reported recently. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a case-control study to analyze changes in its prevalence in 1215 chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients, diagnosed consecutively in a tertiary center, between 1983 and 2012. According to the year of diagnosis, patients were distributed into two groups: A [1983-1997 (n=786)] and B [1998-2012 (n=429)]...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866480/consumption-of-nutritional-pellets-with-duddingtonia-flagrans-fungal-chlamydospores-reduces-infective-nematode-larvae-of-haemonchus-contortus-in-faeces-of-saint-croix-lambs
#3
L Aguilar-Marcelino, P Mendoza-de-Gives, G Torres-Hernández, M E López-Arellano, C M Becerril-Pérez, A Orihuela-Trujillo, J F J Torres-Acosta, A Olmedo-Juárez
Two groups of six Haemonchus contortus infected Saint Croix lambs each received different diets for 11 weeks: control group, commercial food, molasses and lucerne hay; and treated group, nutritional pellets (NPs) containing Duddingtonia flagrans at 2 × 106 chlamydospores/kg body weight (BW), sorghum and lucerne hay. Mean BW gain (BWG), body condition score (BCS) and packed cell volume (PCV) and also eggs/g of faeces (EPG) and recovered L3 were compared using a repeated measures across time model. Groups had similar BWG (control 139...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850851/1215-intrahospital-transport-of-icu-patients-clinician-perceptions-and-proposed-solutions
#4
Amie Lencioni, Kelly Timothy, Hildy Schell-Chaple, Kendall Gross, David Shimabukuro, Angela Lipshutz, Denise Barchas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836119/a-multi-institutional-analysis-of-prospective-studies-of-carbon-ion-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-a-report-from-the-japan-carbon-ion-radiation-oncology-study-group-j-cros
#5
Takuma Nomiya, Hiroshi Tsuji, Hidemasa Kawamura, Tatsuya Ohno, Shingo Toyama, Yoshiyuki Shioyama, Yuko Nakayama, Kenji Nemoto, Hirohiko Tsujii, Tadashi Kamada
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A multi-institutional observational study (J-CROS1501PR) has been carried out to analyze outcomes of carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for patients with prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of the patients enrolled in prospective studies of following 3 CIRT institutions were analyzed: National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS; Chiba, Japan), Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center (GHMC; Gunma, Japan), and Ion Beam Therapy Center, SAGA HIMAT Foundation (HIMAT; Saga, Japan)...
November 8, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807102/emergence-of-the-noncoding-cancer-genome-a-target-of-genetic-and-epigenetic-alterations
#6
REVIEW
Stanley Zhou, Aislinn E Treloar, Mathieu Lupien
: The emergence of whole-genome annotation approaches is paving the way for the comprehensive annotation of the human genome across diverse cell and tissue types exposed to various environmental conditions. This has already unmasked the positions of thousands of functional cis-regulatory elements integral to transcriptional regulation, such as enhancers, promoters, and anchors of chromatin interactions that populate the noncoding genome. Recent studies have shown that cis-regulatory elements are commonly the targets of genetic and epigenetic alterations associated with aberrant gene expression in cancer...
November 2016: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762041/acute-resistance-exercise-using-free-weights-on-aortic-wave-reflection-characteristics
#7
Yu Lun Tai, Hayden Gerhart, Xián Mayo, J Derek Kingsley
Aortic wave reflection characteristics such as the augmentation index (AIx), wasted left ventricular pressure energy (ΔEw ) and aortic haemodynamics, such as aortic systolic blood pressure (ASBP), strongly predict cardiovascular events. The effects of acute resistance exercise (ARE) using free-weight exercises on these characteristics are unknown. Therefore, we sought to determine the effects of acute free-weight resistance exercise on aortic wave reflection characteristics and aortic haemodynamics in resistance-trained individuals...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761407/near-infrared-multispectral-photoacoustic-microscopy-using-a-graded-index-fiber-amplifier
#8
Takashi Buma, Jessica L Farland, Margaret R Ferrari
We demonstrate optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM) of lipid-rich tissue using a multi-wavelength pulsed laser based on nonlinear fiber optics. 1047 nm laser pulses are converted to 1098, 1153, 1215, and 1270 nm pulses via stimulated Raman scattering in a graded-index multimode fiber. Multispectral PAM of a lipid phantom is demonstrated with our low-cost and simple technique.
September 2016: Photoacoustics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747988/longitudinal-stability-of-pre-reading-skill-profiles-of-kindergarten-children-implications-for-early-screening-and-theories-of-reading
#9
Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Elizabeth S Norton, Georgios Sideridis, Sara D Beach, Maryanne Wolf, John D E Gabrieli, Nadine Gaab
Research suggests that early identification of developmental dyslexia is important for mitigating the negative effects of dyslexia, including reduced educational attainment and increased socioemotional difficulties. The strongest pre-literacy predictors of dyslexia are rapid automatized naming (RAN), phonological awareness (PA), letter knowledge, and verbal short-term memory. The relationship among these constructs has been debated, and several theories have emerged to explain the unique role of each in reading ability/disability...
October 17, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686516/the-association-between-location-age-and-advanced-colorectal-adenoma-characteristics-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#10
Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Jakob Burcharth, Jacob Rosenberg, Hans Raskov
PURPOSE: Evidence supports an association between certain colorectal adenoma characteristics and predisposition to cancer. The association between anatomical location of colorectal adenoma, age and advanced adenomas needs attention. The objective of this study was to evaluate the possible association between occurrence of sporadic advanced adenomas with location and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study using baseline data from index colonoscopy from a randomized controlled trial evaluating chemopreventive treatment against recurrence of colorectal adenomas was performed...
August 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658401/evaluation-of-a-spatialized-agronomic-model-in-predicting-yield-and-n-leaching-at-the-scale-of-the-seine-normandie-basin
#11
N Beaudoin, N Gallois, P Viennot, C Le Bas, T Puech, C Schott, S Buis, B Mary
The EU directive has addressed ambitious targets concerning the quality of water bodies. Predicting water quality as affected by land use and management requires using dynamic agro-hydrogeological models. In this study, an agronomic model (STICS) and a hydrogeological model (MODCOU) have been associated in order to simulate nitrogen fluxes in the Seine-Normandie Basin, which is affected by nitrate pollution of groundwater due to intensive farming systems. This modeling platform was used to predict and understand the spatial and temporal evolution of water quality over the 1971-2013 period...
September 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646843/ricolinostat-plus-lenalidomide-and-dexamethasone-in-relapsed-or-refractory-multiple-myeloma-a-multicentre-phase-1b-trial
#12
Andrew J Yee, William I Bensinger, Jeffrey G Supko, Peter M Voorhees, Jesus G Berdeja, Paul G Richardson, Edward N Libby, Ellen E Wallace, Nicole E Birrer, Jill N Burke, David L Tamang, Min Yang, Simon S Jones, Catherine A Wheeler, Robert J Markelewicz, Noopur S Raje
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are an important new class of therapeutics for treating multiple myeloma. Ricolinostat (ACY-1215) is the first oral selective HDAC6 inhibitor with reduced class I HDAC activity to be studied clinically. Motivated by findings from preclinical studies showing potent synergistic activity with ricolinostat and lenalidomide, our goal was to assess the safety and preliminary activity of the combination of ricolinostat with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma...
September 16, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633453/metal-organic-framework-microporous-organic-network-as-adsorbent-for-solid-phase-microextraction
#13
Yuqian Jia, Hao Su, Zhenhua Wang, Y-L Elaine Wong, Xiangfeng Chen, Minglin Wang, T-W Dominic Chan
The practical applications of moisture sensitive metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in the extraction technique are faced with avoided challenges related to competitive adsorption and hydrostability. The target analytes cannot be effectively extracted under humid conditions because of the competitive moisture adsorption and/or framework structure collapse of MOFs. In this Letter, metal-organic framework (MOF)@microporous organic network (MON) hybrid materials were explored for the first time as fiber coatings for solid-phase microextraction (SPME)...
October 4, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618362/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-renal-failure-on-correlation-and-concordance-between-2-free-light-chain-assays
#14
Caroline Moreau, Brice Autier, Thibault Cavey, Emmanuel Rouger, James Norwood, Claude Bendavid, Martine Escoffre, Martine Sébillot, Olivier Decaux
BACKGROUND: Free light chain (FLC) assays are essential for diagnosis and follow-up of plasma cell dyscrasia. Two assays are available: Freelite (Binding Site) and N Latex FLC (Siemens). The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of renal failure on concordance and correlation between the 2 FLC assays. METHODS: FLC measurements using both assays were performed on 1215 fresh serum samples from patients with or without monoclonal gammopathy and renal failure...
December 2016: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599209/systematic-review-of-dementia-prevalence-and-incidence-in-us-race-ethnic-populations
#15
Kala M Mehta, Gwen W Yeo
OBJECTIVE: To identify incidence and prevalence of dementia in racial and ethnic populations in the United States. METHODS: A systematic review of literature. RESULTS: A total of 1215 studies were reviewed; 114 were included. Dementia prevalence rates reported for age 65+ years from a low of 6.3% in Japanese Americans, 12.9% in Caribbean Hispanic Americans, 12.2% in Guamanian Chamorro and ranged widely in African Americans from 7.2% to 20...
September 3, 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553697/serum-lipoprotein-a-level-as-long-term-predictor-of-cardiovascular-mortality-in-a-large-sample-of-subjects-in-primary-cardiovascular-prevention-data-from-the-brisighella-heart-study
#16
Federica Fogacci, Arrigo Francesco Giuseppe Cicero, Sergio D'Addato, Laura D'Agostini, Martina Rosticci, Marina Giovannini, Enrico Bertagnin, Claudio Borghi
BACKGROUND: High lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels have been re-evaluated as an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular diseases. METHODS: We assessed whether serum Lp(a) levels can significantly influence long-term survival in subjects with an equal general cardiovascular (CV) risk profile. We prospectively evaluated a sample of 1215 adult subjects from the Brisighella Heart Study cohort (M: 608; F: 607; aged 40-69) who had no cardiovascular disease at enrolment...
August 20, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500372/spatial-and-temporal-variation-in-artisanal-catches-of-dolphinfish-coryphaena-hippurus-off-north-eastern-brazil
#17
M F Nóbrega, P G Kinas, R Lessa, E Ferrandis
The sampling of fish from the artisanal fleet operating with surface lines off north-eastern Brazil was carried out between 1998 and 2000. Generalized linear models (GLMs) were used to standardize mean abundance indices using catch and fishing effort data on dolphinfish Coryphaena hippurus and to identify abundance trends in time and space, using 1215 surface line deployments. A standard relative abundance index (catch per unit effort, CPUE) was estimated for the most frequent vessels used in the sets, employing factors and coefficients generated in the GLMs...
February 2015: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401959/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-ondansetron-for-vomiting-in-children-with-acute-gastroenteritis
#18
REVIEW
E Tomasik, E Ziółkowska, M Kołodziej, H Szajewska
BACKGROUND: Vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis is a common symptom, and it is considered to be the main cause of failure of oral rehydration therapy. AIM: To systematically update evidence on the effects of ondansetron (5-HT3 serotonin antagonist) for vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched up to April 2016, with no language restrictions, for randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
September 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367216/testing-the-quality-health-outcomes-model-applied-to-infection-prevention-in-hospitals
#19
Heather M Gilmartin, Karen H Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To test the Quality Health Outcomes Model to investigate the relationship between health care-associated infection (HAI) prevention interventions, organizational context, and HAI outcomes using structural equation modeling. METHODS: Variables for adherence to the central line bundle, organizational context, and central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) were selected for this secondary data analysis from 614 US hospitals that participated in the Prevention of Nosocomial Infection and Cost-effectiveness-Refined study...
July 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267333/guidelines-for-the-management-and-treatment-of-periodic-fever-syndromes-cryopyrin-associated-periodic-syndromes-cryopyrinopathies-caps
#20
Maria Teresa R A Terreri, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Claudio Arnaldo Len, Clovis Artur Almeida da Silva, Cristina Medeiros Ribeiro de Magalhães, Silvana B Sacchetti, Virgínia Paes Leme Ferriani, Daniela Gerent Petry Piotto, André de Souza Cavalcanti, Ana Júlia Pantoja de Moraes, Flavio Roberto Sztajnbok, Sheila Knupp Feitosa de Oliveira, Lucia Maria Arruda Campos, Marcia Bandeira, Flávia Patricia Sena Teixeira Santos, Claudia Saad Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: To establish guidelines based on cientific evidences for the management of cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes. DESCRIPTION OF THE EVIDENCE COLLECTION METHOD: The Guideline was prepared from 4 clinical questions that were structured through PICO (Patient, Intervention or indicator, Comparison and Outcome), to search in key primary scientific information databases. After defining the potential studies to support the recommendations, these were graduated considering their strength of evidence and grade of recommendation...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
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